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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Table 5. Mean and Aggregate Income Deficits and Number of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
  Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Total (thousands) Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 78867 8341 77 10102 52 10102 52

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 65012 8060 91 9744 57 9744 57
  White alone 64145 8062 92 9729 58 9729 58
      White alone, not Hispanic 54461 7671 108 9495 60 9495 60
Black alone or in combination 9660 8901 154 11376 129 11376 129
  Black alone 9367 8914 157 11346 130 11346 130
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3955 9520 413 10679 296 10679 296
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3774 9678 435 10720 308 10720 308
  Asian alone or in combination 3742 9331 432 10431 304 10431 304
      Asian alone 3592 9464 451 10507 316 10507 316
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
249 11170 1285 13220 1035 13220 1035
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
182 12282 1536 13791 1215 13791 1215
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1223 8398 468 10810 401 10810 401
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
627 8204 570 11102 533 11102 533
Two or more races 954 8115 534 10821 450 10821 450
Hispanic (of any race) 10422 8780 162 10620 144 10620 144
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 55158 7664 106 9512 60 9512 60

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 3405 8596 191 9673 186 9673 186
25 to 44 years 30169 8964 110 10901 107 10901 107
45 to 54 years 18176 8230 200 10681 163 10681 163
55 to 64 years 13711 6841 216 9847 141 9847 141
65 years and over 13405 5974 219 9307 66 9307 66

Type of Family
Married-couple families 58428 8255 134 9631 68 9631 68
  With related children under 18 26119 9376 184 11042 168 11042 168
      With related children under 6 12158 9641 237 11100 229 11100 229
Male householder, no wife present 5582 8252 228 10619 174 10619 174
Female householder, no husband present 14857 8422 103 10666 90 10666 90
  With related children under 18 9872 8871 112 11211 111 11211 111
      With related children under 6 4141 9644 151 11735 159 11735 159

Region
Northeast 14125 8452 185 10111 120 10111 120
Midwest 17465 8650 177 9923 111 9923 111
South 29719 8175 119 10184 82 10184 82
West 17558 8292 178 10130 127 10130 127

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9636 8825 144 11017 106 11017 106
High school graduate, no college 23285 8118 129 9765 83 9765 83
College: Less than bachelor's degree 22039 8006 147 9797 104 9797 104
Bachelor's degree or more 23906 8371 259 9548 142 9548 142

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
65461 8546 81 10513 71 10513 71
Worked at full-time jobs 44302 6650 133 7228 125 7228 125
  50 to 52 weeks 37039 6011 184 6123 176 6123 176
Worked at part-time jobs 8073 7431 152 8091 144 8091 144
Did not work 13086 9993 120 12793 89 12793 89

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 25278 8909 87 10688 54 10688 54
  Householder 15 to 64 years 15464 9202 92 11463 76 11463 76
  Householder 65 years and over 9814 6041 227 9420 65 9420 65
One worker 33355 5928 155 6012 137 6012 137
Two workers or more 20234 6823 598 6833 568 6833 568

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 4072 7994 162 12833 137 12833 137
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1482 9147 216 13696 216 13696 216
      SSI 2858 6081 193 12508 163 12508 163
  Food stamps 7650 8753 111 11704 99 11704 99
  Housing assistance 2477 9378 185 12322 166 12322 166
  Energy assistance 2420 7691 197 11178 163 11178 163
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 8842 9174 126 11728 122 11728 122
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 2156 8313 182 13495 159 13495 159

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 53339 7466 171 8173 104 8173 104
  Medicare 19035 6208 159 9963 65 9963 65
  Medicaid 17087 8551 97 11212 83 11212 83
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
8088 8839 182 9480 160 9480 160
  Health insurance 4925 8720 211 9294 188 9294 188
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4107 6421 221 11971 139 11971 139

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 10228 53 10169 52 10209 53 10365 55

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 9859 58 9796 57 9827 58 9985 61
  White alone 9842 59 9781 57 9808 59 9972 61
      White alone, not Hispanic 9606 61 9558 60 9572 61 9701 63
Black alone or in combination 11553 130 11532 127 11611 131 11766 137
  Black alone 11529 133 11518 129 11589 133 11753 139
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10749 299 10621 291 10722 297 10687 322
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10776 312 10602 304 10773 310 10749 334
  Asian alone or in combination 10509 307 10356 299 10518 306 10537 332
      Asian alone 10570 320 10369 311 10602 317 10651 343
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
12998 1040 13392 1009 12472 1090 12221 1129
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
13634 1225 14036 1212 13094 1275 11963 1366
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
11047 408 10916 399 11055 408 11260 428
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
11329 536 11235 523 11178 545 11508 589
Two or more races 11043 457 10930 448 11106 454 11075 468
Hispanic (of any race) 10768 148 10621 141 10741 149 11100 164
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9626 61 9577 60 9594 61 9718 62

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9866 188 9957 181 9905 190 10243 209
25 to 44 years 11085 109 10959 105 11125 112 11574 124
45 to 54 years 10867 166 10558 161 10779 165 11123 172
55 to 64 years 10028 143 10102 138 9989 141 10058 144
65 years and over 9347 66 9315 66 9318 66 9321 66

Type of Family
Married-couple families 9738 69 9697 67 9717 69 9729 71
  With related children under 18 11233 175 11061 165 11244 182 11720 216
      With related children under 6 11246 240 11241 225 11358 252 11805 302
Male householder, no wife present 10745 177 10679 172 10659 178 11062 184
Female householder, no husband present 10818 91 10735 89 10819 92 11156 97
  With related children under 18 11374 113 11244 110 11418 114 11984 122
      With related children under 6 11882 162 11731 158 11928 164 12555 175

Region
Northeast 10320 121 10297 118 10271 122 10484 127
Midwest 10130 113 10029 111 10061 113 10235 116
South 10227 84 10192 82 10262 84 10404 87
West 10265 129 10175 126 10219 130 10335 138

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11118 108 11100 105 11116 108 11208 113
High school graduate, no college 9934 84 9820 82 9861 85 10087 88
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9898 105 9890 102 9943 105 10073 110
Bachelor's degree or more 9610 143 9518 141 9615 144 9770 146

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
10696 73 10605 70 10692 73 11006 79
Worked at full-time jobs 7368 133 7318 123 7305 136 7394 163
  50 to 52 weeks 6229 191 6182 170 6240 196 6347 264
Worked at part-time jobs 8194 149 8395 143 8077 150 7573 167
Did not work 12871 89 12870 88 12904 89 13025 91

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 10761 55 10776 54 10709 55 10742 56
  Householder 15 to 64 years 11579 77 11589 75 11514 78 11635 81
  Householder 65 years and over 9446 66 9441 65 9422 66 9424 65
One worker 6100 149 6169 134 6148 154 6030 198
Two workers or more 6809 584 7137 520 7550 592 7192 727

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 12968 137 12937 136 12853 138 12859 142
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 13768 217 13663 216 13679 220 13748 228
      SSI 12673 162 12662 161 12526 165 12514 167
  Food stamps 11774 100 11748 98 11732 102 11929 108
  Housing assistance 12384 166 12343 164 12417 167 12353 174
  Energy assistance 11245 163 11270 159 11340 163 11537 170
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 11889 125 11731 120 11905 128 12521 142
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 13510 160 13542 158 13468 161 13375 167

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8489 114 8387 110 8532 114 8791 121
  Medicare 10044 65 10017 64 10014 65 9995 65
  Medicaid 11307 84 11193 82 11287 85 11606 91
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9480 160 9472 153 9478 160 9776 171
  Health insurance 9294 188 9340 179 9339 188 9562 204
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 12084 138 12003 138 12032 139 12037 141

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 10350 55 9538 88 9583 89 9577 89

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 9962 61 9136 105 9169 106 9163 106
  White alone 9950 61 9115 106 9149 107 9144 107
      White alone, not Hispanic 9676 63 8744 120 8761 120 8756 120
Black alone or in combination 11769 136 10492 174 10584 175 10576 175
  Black alone 11757 139 10432 177 10531 178 10524 178
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10816 323 10372 454 10305 457 10291 457
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10890 335 10445 477 10369 480 10355 480
  Asian alone or in combination 10649 335 10168 481 10153 484 10139 483
      Asian alone 10773 346 10322 501 10305 504 10290 503
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
12625 1081 12182 1223 11688 1313 11670 1312
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
12395 1307 11735 1468 10998 1563 10983 1562
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
11118 432 9896 563 9922 570 9913 570
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
11326 598 9659 685 9650 687 9643 687
Two or more races 10996 469 10471 649 10446 656 10438 655
Hispanic (of any race) 11084 164 9878 200 9931 202 9926 201
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9693 62 8776 118 8791 119 8786 119

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10245 210 9863 224 9858 224 9855 224
25 to 44 years 11608 124 10440 137 10493 137 10485 137
45 to 54 years 11142 171 9672 216 9729 217 9718 217
55 to 64 years 9987 144 8000 214 8000 218 7996 218
65 years and over 9282 66 6713 213 6645 215 6648 215

Type of Family
Married-couple families 9696 71 8897 157 8904 159 8900 159
  With related children under 18 11705 217 10582 250 10680 251 10676 251
      With related children under 6 11790 303 10835 329 10938 331 10940 331
Male householder, no wife present 11065 183 9500 245 9567 246 9556 246
Female householder, no husband present 11169 96 9984 118 10047 118 10041 118
  With related children under 18 12031 122 10653 132 10691 133 10683 132
      With related children under 6 12596 175 11406 181 11436 181 11427 181

Region
Northeast 10531 127 10433 209 10478 212 10472 212
Midwest 10172 116 9885 197 9973 198 9966 198
South 10391 87 8975 135 9020 136 9014 136
West 10323 139 9640 211 9648 212 9644 212

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11181 113 9994 164 10035 165 10030 165
High school graduate, no college 10053 88 9575 151 9619 152 9613 152
College: Less than bachelor's degree 10086 110 8827 165 8899 167 8890 167
Bachelor's degree or more 9786 147 9627 279 9622 281 9617 281

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
11008 79 9874 95 9919 95 9912 95
Worked at full-time jobs 7427 164 7105 179 7105 179 7093 179
  50 to 52 weeks 6383 265 6530 282 6548 283 6534 283
Worked at part-time jobs 7575 167 7425 183 7457 184 7458 184
Did not work 13005 91 11498 122 11581 123 11572 123

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 10727 56 9987 94 10040 95 10035 95
  Householder 15 to 64 years 11636 81 10397 101 10451 101 10445 101
  Householder 65 years and over 9391 66 6826 218 6744 220 6747 220
One worker 6041 199 6186 232 6213 233 6199 233
Two workers or more 7455 729 8279 775 8283 805 8279 805

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 12803 143 11400 168 11460 171 11458 171
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 13671 229 12590 242 12624 241 12620 241
      SSI 12493 168 10839 209 10856 216 10854 216
  Food stamps 11937 108 10186 127 10262 128 10258 128
  Housing assistance 12349 175 11040 208 11097 210 11093 210
  Energy assistance 11534 170 9589 217 9641 219 9638 219
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 12543 142 10959 156 11024 157 11024 157
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 13343 167 11856 193 11862 196 11860 196

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8760 121 8962 227 9021 228 9013 227
  Medicare 9965 65 7533 165 7577 170 7578 170
  Medicaid 11601 91 10128 111 10170 112 10165 112
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9808 171 9053 199 9053 199 9045 199
  Health insurance 9606 204 8837 232 8837 232 8831 232
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 12047 141 8471 222 8508 231 8512 231

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 8707 89 8861 90 7516 91 7517 93

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 8394 105 8554 107 7568 109 7591 111
  White alone 8405 107 8552 109 7586 110 7620 112
      White alone, not Hispanic 7977 121 8126 123 7257 129 7265 131
Black alone or in combination 9238 171 9435 174 6992 169 6995 175
  Black alone 9279 175 9450 178 7008 172 7047 178
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10421 473 10416 475 9304 483 9070 510
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10572 499 10564 500 9621 494 9298 522
  Asian alone or in combination 10386 503 10370 505 9228 500 8960 528
      Asian alone 10498 524 10478 525 9558 512 9202 541
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
10751 1316 10908 1328 10409 1758 11009 1881
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
11359 1589 11495 1599 10608 1869 10843 1909
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
8458 550 8593 563 6840 539 6477 557
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
8247 681 8264 694 6935 654 6664 686
Two or more races 8163 603 8783 615 6384 682 5941 718
Hispanic (of any race) 9197 196 9341 200 8140 196 8258 199
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7964 119 8128 121 7250 127 7243 129

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9186 217 9237 222 7966 229 7886 229
25 to 44 years 9482 133 9697 136 7848 138 8008 139
45 to 54 years 8705 219 8920 222 7802 229 7296 228
55 to 64 years 7070 229 7203 233 6786 243 6551 243
65 years and over 6008 226 6013 227 5895 228 5829 258

Type of Family
Married-couple families 8481 161 8611 163 7797 161 7862 166
  With related children under 18 10088 248 10269 255 9215 267 9306 262
      With related children under 6 10508 325 10638 334 9419 343 9465 332
Male householder, no wife present 8923 254 8996 255 8003 252 7934 250
Female householder, no husband present 8812 115 8999 117 7169 119 7141 121
  With related children under 18 9418 127 9656 130 7599 134 7526 135
      With related children under 6 10135 171 10453 173 8081 176 7976 179

Region
Northeast 9228 215 9519 221 8151 236 8163 243
Midwest 9107 198 9221 201 7512 200 7417 197
South 8376 135 8562 137 7123 132 7175 136
West 8611 209 8657 213 7903 223 7879 230

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 8900 164 9037 167 7253 161 7375 165
High school graduate, no college 8648 150 8827 153 7493 155 7304 157
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8318 168 8502 171 7373 178 7640 182
Bachelor's degree or more 9353 289 9352 290 8858 300 8460 322

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
8990 94 9169 96 7711 97 7675 98
Worked at full-time jobs 6961 179 7048 182 6258 198 6710 205
  50 to 52 weeks 6533 285 6676 290 6495 348 6767 340
Worked at part-time jobs 7034 180 7147 184 6024 188 6117 196
Did not work 10290 125 10519 127 8592 127 8425 129

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 9030 94 9174 96 7663 95 7617 97
  Householder 15 to 64 years 9365 100 9535 102 7881 102 7794 103
  Householder 65 years and over 6082 234 6089 235 5970 236 5866 269
One worker 6295 244 6483 253 6155 302 6790 305
Two workers or more 8262 806 8121 821 8167 836 7386 742

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 8070 169 8260 175 5300 156 5447 163
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9096 228 9323 236 5716 209 5814 216
      SSI 6298 203 6549 211 4531 206 4773 224
  Food stamps 8883 126 9203 130 6169 120 6233 121
  Housing assistance 9341 200 9625 210 4677 165 4677 165
  Energy assistance 7918 215 8239 224 5467 201 5549 212
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 9713 152 9996 156 7420 161 7506 163
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 8391 191 8650 198 5015 173 5252 182

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8772 227 8868 229 8444 229 8329 228
  Medicare 6387 168 6455 170 5695 167 5909 187
  Medicaid 8879 112 9135 115 7168 117 7250 119
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9030 200 9030 200 8452 196 8193 198
  Health insurance 8830 233 8830 233 8224 225 8064 227
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 6651 242 6790 247 5657 250 5858 264

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 7522 109 8048 93 8236 103 8250 103
  White alone 7540 110 8054 94 8249 105 8264 105
      White alone, not Hispanic 7197 128 7611 109 7798 119 7818 119
Black alone or in combination 6964 169 8951 156 9077 169 9070 169
  Black alone 6979 172 8960 159 9100 172 9093 172
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
9316 482 9730 419 10014 465 10006 466
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
9631 495 9945 441 10174 490 10166 490
  Asian alone or in combination 9242 500 9619 440 9972 494 9964 495
      Asian alone 9568 512 9815 459 10106 514 10098 515
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
10409 1758 10454 1326 10552 1338 10541 1341
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
10608 1869 11430 1572 10901 1593 10893 1596
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
6706 525 8292 475 8245 525 8236 525
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
6831 633 8201 585 8199 663 8197 663
Two or more races 6292 677 7945 536 7936 570 7922 572
Hispanic (of any race) 8119 195 8857 167 9094 193 9097 193
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7188 127 7608 107 7784 117 7803 117

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 7932 229 8719 194 9014 215 9013 215
25 to 44 years 7818 138 9013 114 9315 131 9311 131
45 to 54 years 7744 228 8245 200 8549 215 8563 216
55 to 64 years 6745 242 6782 211 6805 220 6820 221
65 years and over 5831 227 5906 217 5950 221 5986 222
  With related children under 18 9105 264 9445 195 9806 241 9799 241
      With related children under 6 9263 338 9718 254 10189 316 10184 316
Male householder, no wife present 7969 250 8395 230 8758 248 8753 249
Female householder, no husband present 7141 118 8422 104 8689 114 8688 114
  With related children under 18 7562 134 8913 114 9293 126 9293 126
      With related children under 6 8021 176 9647 154 9984 169 9981 169
Midwest 7479 199 8629 179 8842 195 8834 195
South 7087 132 8130 120 8223 132 8228 133
West 7845 221 8378 182 8509 205 8526 205

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7179 160 8807 145 8756 160 8748 160
High school graduate, no college 7472 155 8128 132 8513 148 8517 148
College: Less than bachelor's degree 7339 178 8013 150 8181 165 8215 166
Bachelor's degree or more 8843 300 8526 263 8816 284 8823 285

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
7673 97 8574 83 8805 92 8808 92
Worked at full-time jobs 6245 197 6688 138 6754 172 6748 172
  50 to 52 weeks 6468 345 5994 192 6221 270 6218 270
Worked at part-time jobs 6021 188 7315 155 6975 175 6980 175
Did not work 8535 127 10012 120 10119 124 10125 124
  Householder 15 to 64 years 7853 102 9180 93 9213 99 9217 99
  Householder 65 years and over 5902 235 6015 226 6041 229 6083 230
One worker 6066 297 5938 165 6084 229 6078 230
Two workers or more 8140 806 7753 612 7985 745 7977 746

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 5264 154 7966 162 7948 167 7942 167
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 5690 208 9141 216 9000 227 8995 227
      SSI 4511 202 6088 193 6182 197 6177 197
  Food stamps 6128 119 8702 113 8702 124 8696 124
  Housing assistance 4670 165 9356 187 9281 198 9278 198
  Energy assistance 5413 200 7777 200 7824 213 7821 213
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 7374 160 9229 130 9565 149 9559 149
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 4972 171 8308 182 8267 188 8263 188
  Employer-provided plan 8432 229 7510 175 8113 206 8128 207
  Medicare 5649 165 6200 158 6156 161 6165 162
  Medicaid 7114 117 8569 99 8741 111 8736 111
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
8452 196 8863 183 9038 200 9048 200
  Health insurance 8224 225 8774 211 8835 233 8849 233
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 5620 245 6406 222 6370 228 6355 228

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 7782 15497 15497 15011 15642 15040 13798

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 5396 11815 11815 11462 11960 11507 10566
  White alone 5274 11611 11611 11268 11756 11314 10386
      White alone, not Hispanic 3335 8981 8981 8727 9021 8786 8252
Black alone or in combination 1972 3030 3030 2919 3015 2895 2660
  Black alone 1910 2942 2942 2831 2923 2807 2576
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
347 559 559 541 573 548 500
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
321 521 521 505 537 512 468
  Asian alone or in combination 318 519 519 501 533 507 460
      Asian alone 297 488 488 472 503 477 435
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
33 47 47 47 48 48 45
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
24 33 33 33 34 34 33
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
209 332 332 317 334 317 286
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
139 195 195 188 198 190 166
Two or more races 138 229 229 218 228 217 202
Hispanic (of any race) 2089 2825 2825 2727 2935 2713 2300
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3435 9151 9151 8888 9188 8946 8402

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1064 1222 1222 1175 1223 1162 988
25 to 44 years 4057 5087 5087 4866 5192 4769 3994
45 to 54 years 1249 1985 1985 1902 2049 1947 1753
55 to 64 years 791 1925 1925 1852 1894 1885 1815
65 years and over 622 5278 5278 5215 5284 5277 5248

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2911 8380 8380 8114 8456 8121 7568
  With related children under 18 1843 2549 2549 2403 2647 2336 1814
      With related children under 6 1176 1455 1455 1377 1506 1314 996
Male householder, no wife present 855 1379 1379 1335 1388 1362 1239
Female householder, no husband present 4016 5737 5737 5562 5798 5558 4991
  With related children under 18 3469 4243 4243 4102 4304 4053 3501
      With related children under 6 1956 2233 2233 2165 2274 2134 1836

Region
Northeast 1166 2492 2492 2394 2471 2413 2227
Midwest 1625 3509 3509 3365 3505 3384 3125
South 3281 6346 6346 6209 6460 6184 5680
West 1711 3150 3150 3043 3206 3058 2767

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2528 4356 4356 4255 4430 4244 3879
High school graduate, no college 2694 5779 5779 5564 5829 5606 5117
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1917 3765 3765 3649 3781 3634 3331
Bachelor's degree or more 643 1596 1596 1544 1601 1556 1471

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
7161 10218 10218 9796 10357 9763 8550
Worked at full-time jobs 2002 2580 2580 2339 2681 2296 1613
  50 to 52 weeks 994 1149 1149 1019 1247 971 588
Worked at part-time jobs 1430 1901 1901 1803 1917 1812 1500
Did not work 3729 5737 5737 5654 5759 5655 5437

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 6271 13539 13539 13278 13555 13362 12675
  Householder 15 to 64 years 5688 8401 8401 8186 8425 8220 7555
  Householder 65 years and over 582 5137 5137 5092 5130 5142 5120
One worker 1414 1854 1854 1634 1967 1577 1045
Two workers or more 97 104 104 98 119 102 78

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1441 2562 2562 2516 2578 2538 2406
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 856 1132 1132 1118 1155 1119 1034
      SSI 717 1649 1649 1616 1647 1642 1588
  Food stamps 3847 5228 5228 5126 5339 5091 4521
  Housing assistance 1310 1729 1729 1704 1754 1686 1568
  Energy assistance 1102 1708 1708 1682 1736 1660 1511
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3393 4330 4330 4176 4451 4101 3403
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1194 1800 1800 1789 1823 1789 1700

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1480 3485 3485 2999 3159 2995 2719
  Medicare 1356 7389 7389 7267 7386 7356 7259
  Medicaid 5005 7510 7510 7341 7739 7294 6405
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1444 1819 1819 1819 1930 1840 1618
  Health insurance 1112 1387 1387 1387 1470 1392 1219
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 750 2248 2248 2210 2267 2236 2167

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 13829 6976 6854 6851 6270 6068

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 10598 4788 4700 4697 4308 4169
  White alone 10416 4673 4586 4584 4209 4080
      White alone, not Hispanic 8281 3108 3042 3040 2747 2657
Black alone or in combination 2660 1827 1797 1797 1639 1573
  Black alone 2576 1767 1737 1737 1583 1524
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
498 311 308 308 276 274
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
466 289 287 287 257 256
  Asian alone or in combination 459 282 279 279 250 249
      Asian alone 433 266 263 263 236 235
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
43 32 31 31 28 27
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
32 23 23 23 21 20
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
288 186 183 183 166 160
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
167 117 115 115 108 106
Two or more races 204 130 128 128 114 103
Hispanic (of any race) 2302 1700 1680 1679 1587 1544
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 8432 3198 3130 3128 2824 2726

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 990 889 886 886 847 827
25 to 44 years 3979 3290 3259 3257 3061 2944
45 to 54 years 1755 1195 1175 1175 1052 1012
55 to 64 years 1832 859 830 830 715 692
65 years and over 5272 743 704 703 595 593

Type of Family
Married-couple families 7598 2512 2457 2456 2227 2161
  With related children under 18 1817 1332 1309 1307 1214 1168
      With related children under 6 994 805 792 792 749 723
Male householder, no wife present 1245 796 781 781 716 708
Female householder, no husband present 4985 3668 3616 3615 3327 3199
  With related children under 18 3483 2998 2972 2971 2792 2670
      With related children under 6 1828 1674 1663 1663 1599 1515

Region
Northeast 2218 1090 1064 1064 926 876
Midwest 3147 1465 1439 1438 1324 1286
South 5692 2916 2866 2865 2664 2584
West 2771 1505 1485 1484 1356 1322

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3890 2351 2305 2305 2068 2006
High school graduate, no college 5137 2340 2306 2305 2128 2050
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3325 1707 1677 1677 1560 1500
Bachelor's degree or more 1476 578 565 565 515 513

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
8556 6233 6150 6148 5675 5476
Worked at full-time jobs 1609 1247 1242 1242 1172 1133
  50 to 52 weeks 585 502 499 499 478 457
Worked at part-time jobs 1494 1140 1131 1129 1067 1026
Did not work 5453 3846 3777 3777 3436 3316

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 12693 6113 5999 5996 5483 5322
  Householder 15 to 64 years 7553 5412 5334 5332 4923 4765
  Householder 65 years and over 5139 701 665 664 560 557
One worker 1058 795 789 789 722 681
Two workers or more 78 68 66 66 65 65

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 2417 1931 1857 1857 1297 1219
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1039 920 911 911 766 715
      SSI 1591 1208 1142 1142 652 604
  Food stamps 4514 3590 3513 3513 3140 2947
  Housing assistance 1566 1275 1249 1249 1135 1048
  Energy assistance 1510 1067 1044 1044 915 846
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3393 2782 2745 2745 2559 2433
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1703 1481 1444 1444 1071 996

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2743 1035 1023 1021 946 928
  Medicare 7289 1591 1469 1468 1232 1207
  Medicaid 6405 4628 4535 4534 3981 3778
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1616 1269 1269 1269 1264 1264
  Health insurance 1216 973 973 972 969 969
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 2167 979 886 885 662 637

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 5038 4829 5081 7674 6528 6515

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 3520 3380 3553 5332 4486 4473
  White alone 3454 3312 3486 5209 4377 4364
      White alone, not Hispanic 2272 2170 2298 3328 2874 2862
Black alone or in combination 1224 1180 1230 1934 1698 1698
  Black alone 1191 1147 1197 1875 1642 1642
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
251 233 251 344 293 293
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
237 217 237 317 273 273
  Asian alone or in combination 236 219 236 314 266 266
      Asian alone 223 204 223 292 251 251
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
17 15 17 34 29 29
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
14 12 14 25 22 22
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
124 118 129 208 179 179
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
82 76 85 135 113 113
Two or more races 75 76 76 139 123 123
Hispanic (of any race) 1278 1233 1286 2030 1632 1631
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 2322 2221 2349 3426 2960 2949

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 677 666 681 1042 876 876
25 to 44 years 2339 2378 2356 3920 3179 3179
45 to 54 years 864 820 873 1265 1095 1092
55 to 64 years 618 552 624 814 763 760
65 years and over 540 413 547 633 614 607

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1914 1823 1939 2852 2353 2341
  With related children under 18 949 973 968 1754 1285 1285
      With related children under 6 586 614 600 1104 791 791
Male householder, no wife present 656 633 662 856 748 748
Female householder, no husband present 2467 2373 2479 3966 3427 3426
  With related children under 18 2029 1991 2041 3392 2872 2871
      With related children under 6 1197 1188 1208 1924 1647 1647

Region
Northeast 698 677 704 1136 965 961
Midwest 1065 1023 1072 1598 1386 1386
South 2184 2083 2200 3256 2768 2763
West 1090 1045 1105 1684 1409 1405

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1637 1561 1661 2492 2141 2141
High school graduate, no college 1678 1621 1687 2653 2201 2198
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1240 1202 1246 1890 1622 1614
Bachelor's degree or more 484 445 487 639 564 562

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
4498 4416 4534 7041 5914 5907
Worked at full-time jobs 856 917 864 1898 1266 1266
  50 to 52 weeks 332 399 337 929 532 532
Worked at part-time jobs 766 753 767 1415 1117 1115
Did not work 2876 2746 2903 3728 3531 3527

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 4465 4185 4495 6236 5656 5643
  Householder 15 to 64 years 3957 3800 3980 5648 5081 5074
  Householder 65 years and over 508 384 515 588 575 569
One worker 512 560 523 1338 799 799
Two workers or more 61 84 63 100 72 72

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 846 812 863 1438 1337 1337
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 488 473 492 846 782 782
      SSI 416 395 430 721 683 683
  Food stamps 2002 1938 2023 3777 3257 3257
  Housing assistance 591 591 593 1289 1159 1159
  Energy assistance 589 540 597 1068 938 937
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1757 1736 1777 3278 2645 2645
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 644 618 655 1185 1102 1102

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 825 849 829 1452 1135 1131
  Medicare 1041 894 1062 1376 1324 1316
  Medicaid 2846 2765 2881 4887 4104 4103
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1209 1144 1209 1449 1265 1262
  Health insurance 920 868 920 1111 970 968
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 493 445 507 760 721 720

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 64912609 8.317E11 156552009 2.107E12 156552009 2.107E12 153527341 2.077E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 43492609 5.455E11 115120159 1.491E12 115120159 1.491E12 113004753 1.472E12
  White alone 42521800 5.341E11 112956861 1.461E12 112956861 1.461E12 110901451 1.442E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 25584053 2.998E11 85278602 1.045E12 85278602 1.045E12 83830218 1.032E12
Black alone or in combination 17550768 2.303E11 34464866 5.14E11 34464866 5.14E11 33717384 5.062E11
  Black alone 17029190 2.241E11 33376753 4.973E11 33376753 4.973E11 32640129 4.896E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3303403 4.793E10 5966584 8.568E10 5966584 8.568E10 5817875 8.356E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3102418 4.567E10 5584988 8.062E10 5584988 8.062E10 5445209 7.868E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2965649 4.282E10 5411515 7.647E10 5411515 7.647E10 5268556 7.447E10
      Asian alone 2806653 4.094E10 5122593 7.289E10 5122593 7.289E10 4988040 7.108E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
370861 5.6072E9 622250 1.014E10 622250 1.014E10 611793 9.8785E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
292623 4.6709E9 458422 7.6352E9 458422 7.6352E9 453196 7.512E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1756912 2.246E10 3585033 5.297E10 3585033 5.297E10 3504055 5.216E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1140501 1.441E10 2164108 3.272E10 2164108 3.272E10 2132301 3.234E10
Two or more races 1121842 1.348E10 2473271 3.527E10 2473271 3.527E10 2412224 3.464E10
Hispanic (of any race) 18336666 2.535E11 30005001 4.526E11 30005001 4.526E11 29361521 4.464E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 26325466 3.082E11 87049913 1.07E12 87049913 1.07E12 85550712 1.057E12

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9143748 1.117E11 11816142 1.556E11 11816142 1.556E11 11595006 1.536E11
25 to 44 years 36361096 4.875E11 55450308 8.408E11 55450308 8.408E11 53937645 8.259E11
45 to 54 years 10281913 1.349E11 21196789 3.104E11 21196789 3.104E11 20668096 3.044E11
55 to 64 years 5411416 6.043E10 18959833 2.46E11 18959833 2.46E11 18576132 2.425E11
65 years and over 3714434 3.712E10 49128936 5.538E11 49128936 5.538E11 48750463 5.508E11

Type of Family
Married-couple families 24026460 3.215E11 80711471 1.036E12 80711471 1.036E12 79017242 1.019E12
  With related children under 18 17282088 2.546E11 28150598 4.59E11 28150598 4.59E11 26988288 4.458E11
      With related children under 6 11340335 1.718E11 16149681 2.687E11 16149681 2.687E11 15490777 2.62E11
Male householder, no wife present 7058879 8.874E10 14643959 2.018E11 14643959 2.018E11 14341850 1.989E11
Female householder, no husband present 33827269 4.215E11 61196579 8.686E11 61196579 8.686E11 60168249 8.592E11
  With related children under 18 30771665 3.944E11 47573004 7.11E11 47573004 7.11E11 46662011 7.023E11
      With related children under 6 18866886 2.525E11 26200101 4.092E11 26200101 4.092E11 25724099 4.044E11

Region
Northeast 9851855 1.275E11 25195260 3.391E11 25195260 3.391E11 24708608 3.343E11
Midwest 14051588 1.863E11 34823512 4.637E11 34823512 4.637E11 34083552 4.579E11
South 26819567 3.321E11 64626068 8.621E11 64626068 8.621E11 63500495 8.505E11
West 14189599 1.858E11 31907169 4.416E11 31907169 4.416E11 31234686 4.347E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 22307125 3.032E11 47987478 7.016E11 47987478 7.016E11 47304704 6.946E11
High school graduate, no college 21872647 2.748E11 56433053 7.345E11 56433053 7.345E11 55269033 7.254E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15348166 1.864E11 36891901 4.839E11 36891901 4.839E11 36117259 4.753E11
Bachelor's degree or more 5384671 6.733E10 15239577 1.866E11 15239577 1.866E11 14836345 1.821E11

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
61198174 7.946E11 107423072 1.553E12 107423072 1.553E12 104776878 1.526E12
Worked at full-time jobs 13312512 1.451E11 18650338 2.181E11 18650338 2.181E11 17231586 2.049E11
  50 to 52 weeks 5977787 6.289E10 7036607 7.606E10 7036607 7.606E10 6347246 6.994E10
Worked at part-time jobs 10627574 1.17E11 15382917 1.852E11 15382917 1.852E11 14771676 1.79E11
Did not work 37258088 5.324E11 73389817 1.149E12 73389817 1.149E12 72773617 1.143E12

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 55863873 7.361E11 144693890 1.98E12 144693890 1.98E12 142888170 1.961E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years 52346919 7.007E11 96302948 1.433E12 96302948 1.433E12 94788420 1.417E12
  Householder 65 years and over 3516955 3.536E10 48390942 5.465E11 48390942 5.465E11 48099749 5.442E11
One worker 8384026 8.834E10 11147266 1.19E11 11147266 1.19E11 9969602 1.086E11
Two workers or more 664710 7.2669E9 710853 7.6615E9 710853 7.6615E9 669569 7.2102E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 11518108 1.358E11 32883150 5.211E11 32883150 5.211E11 32628265 5.184E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7830134 9.9E10 15504655 2.604E11 15504655 2.604E11 15394372 2.592E11
      SSI 4359444 4.193E10 20624447 3.164E11 20624447 3.164E11 20476860 3.149E11
  Food stamps 33670442 4.415E11 61188398 9.32E11 61188398 9.32E11 60356659 9.233E11
  Housing assistance 12287828 1.626E11 21299561 3.286E11 21299561 3.286E11 21102463 3.259E11
  Energy assistance 8478932 1.031E11 19096230 2.755E11 19096230 2.755E11 18920287 2.734E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 31130978 4.331E11 50777409 8.205E11 50777409 8.205E11 49644784 8.089E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 9924167 1.204E11 24293118 3.941E11 24293118 3.941E11 24174531 3.926E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 11046443 1.34E11 28481674 3.393E11 28481674 3.393E11 25457006 3.101E11
  Medicare 8416508 8.949E10 73613473 9.171E11 73613473 9.171E11 72993898 9.11E11
  Medicaid 42794225 5.555E11 84208260 1.255E12 84208260 1.255E12 82998910 1.242E12
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
12760082 1.686E11 17241145 2.318E11 17241145 2.318E11 17241145 2.318E11
  Health insurance 9699260 1.287E11 12889222 1.746E11 12889222 1.746E11 12889222 1.746E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4818758 5.31E10 26910304 4.003E11 26910304 4.003E11 26703229 3.98E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7 Definition 8
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 159057909 2.144E12 153554924 2.081E12 143013256 1.951E12 143125408 1.953E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 117159687 1.52E12 113078084 1.475E12 105508675 1.384E12 105582735 1.385E12
  White alone 114984739 1.49E12 110974214 1.446E12 103562847 1.357E12 103635439 1.358E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 86220610 1.059E12 84104104 1.037E12 80047642 9.913E11 80128590 9.924E11
Black alone or in combination 34769392 5.196E11 33614463 5.055E11 31291988 4.744E11 31305967 4.743E11
  Black alone 33664214 5.027E11 32536173 4.889E11 30278546 4.588E11 30292791 4.588E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
6085102 8.701E10 5875755 8.434E10 5342013 7.787E10 5385441 7.902E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
5692035 8.184E10 5513939 7.96E10 5028477 7.368E10 5070646 7.483E10
  Asian alone or in combination 5516675 7.748E10 5330120 7.535E10 4849301 6.99E10 4890726 7.108E10
      Asian alone 5217122 7.381E10 5061225 7.21E10 4628219 6.721E10 4668514 6.838E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
636697 1.038E10 603677 9.769E9 546154 8.7225E9 548161 8.6921E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
470941 7.9407E9 448741 7.4115E9 396285 6.3871E9 398159 6.3524E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
3641554 5.399E10 3507925 5.225E10 3217318 4.824E10 3199082 4.799E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
2228163 3.368E10 2125338 3.238E10 1909674 2.965E10 1891786 2.944E10
Two or more races 2492731 3.566E10 2409233 3.454E10 2237685 3.197E10 2238721 3.194E10
Hispanic (of any race) 31169653 4.695E11 29138864 4.45E11 25534766 3.982E11 25520133 3.979E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 87992435 1.084E12 85830304 1.062E12 81650647 1.013E12 81731359 1.015E12

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 12174848 1.607E11 11512938 1.535E11 10116474 1.38E11 10145326 1.386E11
25 to 44 years 56899856 8.632E11 53056926 8.188E11 46228854 7.33E11 46194010 7.329E11
45 to 54 years 21633293 3.158E11 20980648 3.089E11 19504328 2.899E11 19550051 2.905E11
55 to 64 years 19128198 2.485E11 18832372 2.448E11 18252812 2.383E11 18295969 2.387E11
65 years and over 49221714 5.555E11 49172040 5.552E11 48910786 5.517E11 48940053 5.518E11

Type of Family
Married-couple families 81999883 1.056E12 78905138 1.02E12 73627104 9.493E11 73667736 9.503E11
  With related children under 18 29277878 4.772E11 26271649 4.408E11 21265311 3.729E11 21273198 3.736E11
      With related children under 6 16930999 2.829E11 14925798 2.575E11 11757523 2.118E11 11719185 2.112E11
Male householder, no wife present 14818979 2.042E11 14514222 2.017E11 13706465 1.932E11 13777439 1.942E11
Female householder, no husband present 62239046 8.831E11 60135565 8.597E11 55679686 8.082E11 55680233 8.08E11
  With related children under 18 48391577 7.233E11 46271498 6.993E11 41953597 6.49E11 41900696 6.482E11
      With related children under 6 26673871 4.164E11 25458611 4.022E11 23052717 3.724E11 23029308 3.72E11

Region
Northeast 25440211 3.429E11 24786585 3.37E11 23343189 3.204E11 23354340 3.207E11
Midwest 35148333 4.703E11 34048922 4.574E11 31982782 4.306E11 32015603 4.305E11
South 65847664 8.781E11 63464671 8.5E11 59094216 7.963E11 59148038 7.97E11
West 32621700 4.524E11 31254747 4.369E11 28593069 4.035E11 28607427 4.042E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 49180629 7.196E11 47181883 6.924E11 43475564 6.415E11 43499710 6.416E11
High school graduate, no college 57243082 7.476E11 55279605 7.281E11 51616779 6.853E11 51643545 6.853E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 37399235 4.902E11 36129531 4.767E11 33548712 4.463E11 33534364 4.463E11
Bachelor's degree or more 15234962 1.863E11 14963904 1.841E11 14372201 1.776E11 14447789 1.793E11

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
109836195 1.588E12 104382884 1.526E12 94102469 1.399E12 94185355 1.401E12
Worked at full-time jobs 19619619 2.316E11 16771798 2.011E11 11928462 1.437E11 11948334 1.448E11
  50 to 52 weeks 7711130 8.388E10 6056620 6.694E10 3730607 4.304E10 3736368 4.324E10
Worked at part-time jobs 16097253 1.956E11 14636562 1.773E11 11361889 1.365E11 11320457 1.357E11
Did not work 74119323 1.161E12 72974524 1.148E12 70812118 1.119E12 70916565 1.12E12

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 146070010 2.003E12 143094466 1.965E12 136155822 1.872E12 136152933 1.871E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years 97631722 1.456E12 94647164 1.417E12 87905346 1.327E12 87887785 1.326E12
  Householder 65 years and over 48438288 5.477E11 48447302 5.48E11 48250476 5.451E11 48265148 5.452E11
One worker 12135770 1.312E11 9692459 1.072E11 6299639 7.233E10 6390458 7.411E10
Two workers or more 852128 9.1875E9 767999 8.7206E9 557794 6.5679E9 582018 6.9448E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 33353262 5.298E11 32622415 5.186E11 30939617 4.923E11 30938222 4.922E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 15782811 2.657E11 15302826 2.579E11 14218344 2.401E11 14202833 2.396E11
      SSI 20856216 3.208E11 20568093 3.165E11 19866789 3.054E11 19881757 3.057E11
  Food stamps 62720105 9.567E11 59722777 9.158E11 53929999 8.36E11 53883126 8.349E11
  Housing assistance 21649560 3.341E11 20931320 3.235E11 19373428 2.995E11 19335919 2.989E11
  Energy assistance 19560733 2.819E11 18822819 2.726E11 17434863 2.542E11 17412004 2.536E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 52214582 8.435E11 48819753 8.017E11 42602703 7.202E11 42554316 7.193E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 24686076 4.012E11 24098484 3.912E11 22735468 3.69E11 22722198 3.686E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 26491392 3.197E11 25559067 3.125E11 23907625 2.968E11 24025642 2.989E11
  Medicare 73986945 9.229E11 73665655 9.191E11 72549430 9.035E11 72631375 9.043E11
  Medicaid 86623788 1.29E12 82332441 1.238E12 74339215 1.135E12 74304831 1.134E12
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
18280983 2.432E11 17442386 2.347E11 15820953 2.164E11 15846435 2.171E11
  Health insurance 13731336 1.84E11 12999773 1.763E11 11659979 1.612E11 11679142 1.618E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 27208831 4.055E11 26901117 4.014E11 26080965 3.889E11 26111603 3.893E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
  All families 66530215 9.409E11 65676649 9.296E11 65611803 9.281E11 54595542 7.233E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 43741657 6.03E11 43091485 5.944E11 43044434 5.932E11 36160629 4.697E11
  White alone 42589438 5.867E11 41962042 5.783E11 41916123 5.773E11 35374341 4.602E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 27181262 3.488E11 26652591 3.415E11 26620745 3.407E11 21913781 2.637E11
Black alone or in combination 19169978 2.827E11 19022836 2.809E11 19009751 2.806E11 15144374 2.034E11
  Black alone 18432885 2.714E11 18296468 2.699E11 18283632 2.696E11 14688601 1.981E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3227588 4.951E10 3174370 4.868E10 3170001 4.856E10 2872689 4.362E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3020434 4.684E10 2971348 4.603E10 2967180 4.592E10 2714747 4.19E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2870844 4.402E10 2834942 4.345E10 2830922 4.334E10 2593309 3.965E10
      Asian alone 2740745 4.255E10 2708977 4.202E10 2705158 4.191E10 2477355 3.832E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
387508 5.9375E9 366058 5.6389E9 365509 5.6233E9 300908 4.3271E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
275715 4.1921E9 258398 3.9274E9 258049 3.9176E9 234250 3.5249E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1840532 2.703E10 1814654 2.675E10 1812931 2.671E10 1407389 1.865E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1128186 1.604E10 1114421 1.581E10 1113630 1.58E10 893472 1.175E10
Two or more races 1363245 2.001E10 1336343 1.962E10 1335211 1.959E10 927524 1.135E10
Hispanic (of any race) 16789168 2.591E11 16683750 2.579E11 16669208 2.576E11 14599753 2.123E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 28064282 3.611E11 27513001 3.535E11 27480069 3.527E11 22494932 2.705E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 8768265 1.183E11 8730423 1.178E11 8728266 1.177E11 7779669 9.868E10
25 to 44 years 34351168 5.217E11 34197278 5.192E11 34154625 5.182E11 29024944 4.09E11
45 to 54 years 11554486 1.652E11 11430805 1.637E11 11417711 1.634E11 9159538 1.223E11
55 to 64 years 6870420 8.21E10 6639685 7.952E10 6634787 7.94E10 5053795 5.722E10
65 years and over 4985876 5.357E10 4678458 4.946E10 4676414 4.943E10 3577595 3.61E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 22345106 3.231E11 21878000 3.169E11 21857280 3.164E11 18887077 2.631E11
  With related children under 18 14095393 2.383E11 13977378 2.364E11 13956807 2.359E11 12248964 1.968E11
      With related children under 6 8717874 1.507E11 8665697 1.5E11 8658997 1.499E11 7874304 1.305E11
Male householder, no wife present 7560838 1.024E11 7471359 1.011E11 7462763 1.009E11 6388004 8.356E10
Female householder, no husband present 36624271 5.153E11 36327290 5.116E11 36291760 5.107E11 29320461 3.766E11
      With related children under 6 19088941 2.912E11 19019276 2.901E11 19004196 2.898E11 16203452 2.241E11
Northeast 11366721 1.679E11 11152561 1.651E11 11142087 1.648E11 8540270 1.162E11
Midwest 14481129 2.08E11 14350063 2.065E11 14332184 2.06E11 12059175 1.635E11
South 26170556 3.508E11 25849500 3.468E11 25825486 3.464E11 22315629 2.836E11
West 14511808 2.142E11 14324525 2.112E11 14312046 2.109E11 11680467 1.6E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23492830 3.54E11 23132419 3.491E11 23116141 3.487E11 18406338 2.558E11
High school graduate, no college 22405179 3.152E11 22177567 3.12E11 22158087 3.115E11 18398669 2.415E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15065944 1.971E11 14925527 1.958E11 14906420 1.954E11 12973044 1.63E11
Bachelor's degree or more 5566261 7.455E10 5441137 7.271E10 5431155 7.245E10 4817490 6.293E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
61544339 8.873E11 60998191 8.801E11 60935390 8.786E11 51017947 6.872E11
Worked at full-time jobs 8862901 1.032E11 8821328 1.026E11 8807114 1.024E11 8156963 9.206E10
  50 to 52 weeks 3277897 3.748E10 3267635 3.742E10 3260412 3.733E10 3121314 3.53E10
Worked at part-time jobs 8461541 9.79E10 8431223 9.752E10 8421601 9.737E10 7504963 8.232E10
Did not work 44219897 6.862E11 43745639 6.8E11 43706674 6.789E11 35356021 5.128E11
No workers 61053742 8.762E11 60228483 8.651E11 60175383 8.637E11 49512566 6.631E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 56266750 8.247E11 55743686 8.176E11 55692581 8.163E11 46106565 6.285E11
  Householder 65 years and over 4786992 5.155E10 4484797 4.747E10 4482801 4.745E10 3406001 3.455E10
One worker 4916606 5.783E10 4904807 5.775E10 4893323 5.762E10 4542521 5.347E10
Two workers or more 559867 6.8455E9 543359 6.745E9 543098 6.7405E9 540454 6.7026E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 22009989 3.358E11 21279486 3.254E11 21271158 3.252E11 10467776 1.233E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 11579995 1.856E11 11504485 1.841E11 11500441 1.84E11 6967611 8.792E10
      SSI 13092026 1.932E11 12400343 1.834E11 12395013 1.833E11 4109237 3.996E10
  Food stamps 36563271 5.391E11 36052256 5.325E11 36037560 5.32E11 27892321 3.732E11
  Housing assistance 14078929 2.119E11 13856297 2.089E11 13851665 2.088E11 10597290 1.405E11
  Energy assistance 10231491 1.412E11 10065023 1.389E11 10061570 1.388E11 7245736 8.84E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 30486118 4.859E11 30265656 4.828E11 30263811 4.827E11 24853982 3.634E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 17558143 2.742E11 17124788 2.678E11 17121324 2.677E11 8988855 1.09E11
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9271866 1.275E11 9226729 1.269E11 9203859 1.263E11 8301995 1.099E11
  Medicare 11981380 1.455E11 11127814 1.342E11 11121548 1.341E11 7870167 8.464E10
  Medicaid 46869365 6.87E11 46117269 6.767E11 46083882 6.759E11 35344160 4.746E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
11490209 1.554E11 11490209 1.554E11 11474176 1.55E11 11413374 1.543E11
  Health insurance 8597433 1.169E11 8597433 1.169E11 8586343 1.167E11 8556139 1.164E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 8291126 1.082E11 7539030 9.792E10 7534764 9.784E10 4403892 4.988E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 13 Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 53768862 7.164E11 37866101 4.523E11 36298785 4.337E11 37978205 4.53E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 35660569 4.662E11 26639779 3.206E11 25655054 3.083E11 26725172 3.212E11
  White alone 34893820 4.568E11 26200902 3.157E11 25239584 3.034E11 26284867 3.163E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 21592089 2.613E11 16485785 1.884E11 15763046 1.792E11 16539432 1.887E11
Black alone or in combination 14844810 2.005E11 8555526 9.422E10 8254927 9.189E10 8566418 9.424E10
  Black alone 14397730 1.952E11 8343667 9.226E10 8083186 9.052E10 8354559 9.228E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2855113 4.337E10 2332774 3.349E10 2109848 3.045E10 2335924 3.354E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2699207 4.166E10 2277777 3.294E10 2017312 2.907E10 2279949 3.298E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2578760 3.943E10 2175159 3.125E10 1966212 2.843E10 2178308 3.13E10
      Asian alone 2464842 3.811E10 2127113 3.079E10 1880117 2.713E10 2129285 3.083E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
296823 4.2882E9 171827 2.4661E9 164063 2.4383E9 171827 2.4661E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
231223 3.4898E9 148761 2.1308E9 135292 1.9236E9 148761 2.1308E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1377817 1.84E10 848804 9.4001E9 765350 8.4436E9 862902 9.4615E9
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
874789 1.157E10 567817 6.2474E9 507153 5.5722E9 581464 6.3086E9
Two or more races 906458 1.12E10 477842 5.1479E9 453452 5.113E9 479269 5.1526E9
Hispanic (of any race) 14426055 2.112E11 10400566 1.353E11 10179138 1.324E11 10445506 1.356E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 22155085 2.68E11 16834576 1.922E11 16088387 1.831E11 16888674 1.926E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 7640641 9.766E10 5394254 6.236E10 5252865 6.008E10 5404264 6.238E10
25 to 44 years 28549552 4.049E11 18357670 2.283E11 19040453 2.404E11 18415729 2.286E11
45 to 54 years 9030239 1.211E11 6741185 8.422E10 5981413 7.186E10 6760250 8.434E10
55 to 64 years 4985286 5.674E10 4191149 4.659E10 3616162 3.819E10 4209706 4.67E10
65 years and over 3563144 3.602E10 3181844 3.09E10 2407892 2.318E10 3188256 3.095E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 18609410 2.606E11 14926080 1.926E11 14331797 1.862E11 14998616 1.932E11
  With related children under 18 11994425 1.943E11 8742580 1.321E11 9056470 1.365E11 8810729 1.327E11
      With related children under 6 7687393 1.285E11 5515061 8.432E10 5808561 8.837E10 5560325 8.461E10
Male householder, no wife present 6368622 8.348E10 5253489 6.399E10 5020389 5.997E10 5274796 6.407E10
Female householder, no husband present 28790829 3.724E11 17686533 1.957E11 16946599 1.875E11 17704793 1.957E11
  With related children under 18 25779026 3.454E11 15416395 1.765E11 14982421 1.707E11 15434655 1.766E11
      With related children under 6 15831770 2.21E11 9674558 1.14E11 9475381 1.118E11 9692137 1.14E11

Region
Northeast 8338848 1.147E11 5689401 7.208E10 5525776 7.075E10 5705385 7.219E10
Midwest 11860455 1.616E11 8003573 9.545E10 7587306 8.798E10 8015262 9.551E10
South 22121653 2.823E11 15558142 1.731E11 14948490 1.674E11 15592733 1.732E11
West 11447905 1.578E11 8614986 1.117E11 8237213 1.076E11 8664825 1.121E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18132630 2.537E11 11869908 1.42E11 11510589 1.38E11 11924187 1.423E11
High school graduate, no college 18092037 2.388E11 12571351 1.488E11 11837493 1.387E11 12602488 1.49E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 12749995 1.613E11 9139712 1.066E11 9183988 1.085E11 9146786 1.066E11
Bachelor's degree or more 4794200 6.265E10 4285131 5.495E10 3766714 4.844E10 4304745 5.517E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
50205718 6.804E11 34684257 4.214E11 33890893 4.105E11 34789949 4.221E11
Worked at full-time jobs 7986566 9.053E10 5356730 5.669E10 6155588 6.971E10 5395343 5.704E10
  50 to 52 weeks 3051974 3.455E10 2157280 2.477E10 2698507 3.306E10 2176974 2.495E10
Worked at part-time jobs 7333197 8.098E10 4611982 4.44E10 4603701 4.564E10 4618856 4.449E10
Did not work 34885955 5.089E11 24715545 3.203E11 23131603 2.951E11 24775750 3.205E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 48824699 6.574E11 34215950 4.076E11 31875731 3.767E11 34291532 4.08E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 45432409 6.229E11 31184575 3.779E11 29620433 3.549E11 31253745 3.783E11
  Householder 65 years and over 3392290 3.447E10 3031375 2.965E10 2255298 2.182E10 3037787 2.97E10
One worker 4412964 5.239E10 3148885 3.853E10 3805390 4.932E10 3170561 3.868E10
Two workers or more 531198 6.6319E9 501266 6.2143E9 617663 7.6588E9 516112 6.2998E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 10067737 1.198E11 4483506 3.78E10 4421840 3.825E10 4544225 3.82E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 6664042 8.504E10 2791904 2.433E10 2752164 2.439E10 2800185 2.439E10
      SSI 3955596 3.899E10 1885334 1.446E10 1883371 1.527E10 1938184 1.48E10
  Food stamps 27117806 3.669E11 12348566 1.226E11 12077769 1.197E11 12393476 1.228E11
  Housing assistance 10083749 1.359E11 2764842 2.062E10 2764842 2.062E10 2770735 2.063E10
  Energy assistance 6966229 8.615E10 3221212 2.885E10 2993657 2.717E10 3232018 2.892E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 24319676 3.588E11 13034856 1.612E11 13031779 1.622E11 13103164 1.617E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 8614389 1.057E11 3232192 2.618E10 3245492 2.717E10 3257972 2.631E10

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8225345 1.093E11 6965329 8.761E10 7070993 8.909E10 6991309 8.79E10
  Medicare 7791386 8.41E10 5929701 5.821E10 5283722 5.365E10 5998317 5.86E10
  Medicaid 34517480 4.678E11 20397452 2.36E11 20045620 2.33E11 20498728 2.366E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
11413374 1.543E11 10220835 1.314E11 9371994 1.18E11 10220835 1.314E11
  Health insurance 8556139 1.164E11 7563104 9.674E10 6999597 8.773E10 7563104 9.674E10
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4325111 4.934E10 2790228 2.801E10 2606343 2.634E10 2848017 2.836E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 64103165 8.278E11 55721433 7.34E11 55665286 7.335E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 42907740 5.43E11 36941401 4.771E11 36899214 4.768E11
  White alone 41947800 5.317E11 36103268 4.672E11 36062391 4.669E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 25334195 2.985E11 22410631 2.684E11 22377237 2.682E11
Black alone or in combination 17312411 2.278E11 15415598 2.059E11 15404062 2.058E11
  Black alone 16795557 2.217E11 14940939 2.004E11 14929808 2.003E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3343499 4.922E10 2937612 4.441E10 2935293 4.44E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3149215 4.704E10 2774416 4.258E10 2772233 4.257E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3017570 4.437E10 2654193 4.039E10 2652055 4.038E10
      Asian alone 2865274 4.257E10 2532985 3.895E10 2530983 3.894E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
354828 5.3379E9 308381 4.4834E9 308064 4.4827E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
280799 4.4101E9 238288 3.5737E9 238108 3.5734E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1721054 2.207E10 1476435 1.927E10 1474780 1.926E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1106047 1.407E10 926513 1.211E10 926244 1.211E10
Two or more races 1107689 1.33E10 979439 1.176E10 977753 1.175E10
Hispanic (of any race) 17976184 2.519E11 14843808 2.147E11 14835472 2.146E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 26068508 3.069E11 23042070 2.756E11 23007711 2.754E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9087516 1.121E11 7895698 9.972E10 7894326 9.971E10
25 to 44 years 35328324 4.799E11 29614121 4.148E11 29596887 4.146E11
45 to 54 years 10427332 1.374E11 9363734 1.248E11 9354705 1.247E11
55 to 64 years 5519847 6.124E10 5195076 5.812E10 5182741 5.805E10
65 years and over 3740147 3.725E10 3652805 3.654E10 3636627 3.643E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 23513980 3.188E11 19396126 2.683E11 19361427 2.68E11
  With related children under 18 16570729 2.503E11 12603009 2.008E11 12591269 2.007E11
      With related children under 6 10726758 1.672E11 8057525 1.323E11 8051486 1.322E11
Male householder, no wife present 7182122 9.146E10 6547351 8.51E10 6543085 8.506E10
Female householder, no husband present 33407063 4.175E11 29777956 3.806E11 29760774 3.805E11
  With related children under 18 30234959 3.895E11 26693263 3.532E11 26678882 3.531E11
      With related children under 6 18556803 2.494E11 16446002 2.264E11 16440592 2.263E11

Region
Northeast 9732420 1.286E11 8717666 1.182E11 8709675 1.181E11
Midwest 13789873 1.832E11 12257714 1.653E11 12246647 1.652E11
South 26469580 3.285E11 22760526 2.872E11 22733386 2.87E11
West 14111292 1.875E11 11985527 1.634E11 11975578 1.633E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 21950621 2.984E11 18749383 2.586E11 18733282 2.584E11
High school graduate, no college 21559670 2.74E11 18736421 2.445E11 18717263 2.444E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15143035 1.861E11 13267209 1.665E11 13255468 1.664E11
Bachelor's degree or more 5449839 6.927E10 4968420 6.441E10 4959274 6.434E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
60363018 7.905E11 52068628 6.975E11 52028659 6.971E11
Worked at full-time jobs 12692263 1.403E11 8547631 9.571E10 8541015 9.566E10
  50 to 52 weeks 5566567 5.894E10 3311894 3.719E10 3310085 3.717E10
Worked at part-time jobs 10351674 1.144E11 7790734 8.522E10 7780754 8.509E10
Did not work 37319081 5.358E11 35730263 5.165E11 35706890 5.164E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 55384265 7.322E11 50280876 6.704E11 50230074 6.7E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 51848135 6.967E11 46805828 6.355E11 46769773 6.351E11
  Householder 65 years and over 3536130 3.548E10 3475048 3.497E10 3460302 3.487E10
One worker 7946876 8.663E10 4862426 5.663E10 4857703 5.66E10
Two workers or more 772025 8.9745E9 578130 6.9569E9 577509 6.9506E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 11454159 1.349E11 10625207 1.246E11 10618156 1.245E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7735375 9.766E10 7035703 8.855E10 7031486 8.851E10
      SSI 4390043 4.239E10 4219920 4.067E10 4216433 4.065E10
  Food stamps 32868557 4.321E11 28344025 3.77E11 28323521 3.768E11
  Housing assistance 12062708 1.597E11 10757689 1.423E11 10753620 1.423E11
  Energy assistance 8305470 1.012E11 7337648 8.95E10 7331790 8.945E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 30247951 4.258E11 25300553 3.675E11 25280177 3.673E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 9843861 1.194E11 9109932 1.099E11 9104871 1.099E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 10907582 1.34E11 9206621 1.189E11 9194708 1.188E11
  Medicare 8534208 9.102E10 8151405 8.681E10 8113535 8.647E10
  Medicaid 41879315 5.49E11 35874146 4.792E11 35847925 4.789E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
12843268 1.703E11 11428990 1.547E11 11422985 1.546E11
  Health insurance 9744574 1.298E11 8566902 1.166E11 8562701 1.166E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4869301 5.418E10 4593642 5.1E10 4578289 5.084E10

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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