U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 5. Mean and Aggregate Income Deficits and Number of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
  Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Total (thousands) Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 78867 9042 79 10966 55 10966 55

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 65012 8739 92 10550 61 10550 61
  White alone 64145 8741 94 10534 61 10534 61
      White alone, not Hispanic 54461 8270 109 10276 64 10276 64
Black alone or in combination 9660 9677 159 12478 136 12478 136
  Black alone 9367 9687 162 12454 138 12454 138
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3955 10142 423 11572 314 11572 314
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3774 10216 445 11574 328 11574 328
  Asian alone or in combination 3742 9965 439 11343 321 11343 321
      Asian alone 3592 10011 459 11365 334 11365 334
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
249 11830 1395 13967 1179 13967 1179
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
182 12721 1723 14525 1433 14525 1433
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1223 9176 477 11807 422 11807 422
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
627 9244 583 12257 564 12257 564
Two or more races 954 8904 546 11747 476 11747 476
Hispanic (of any race) 10422 9583 164 11489 150 11489 150
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 55158 8274 107 10296 64 10296 64

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 3405 9600 198 10767 194 10767 194
25 to 44 years 30169 9785 113 11832 111 11832 111
45 to 54 years 18176 8700 201 11287 172 11287 172
55 to 64 years 13711 7502 215 10819 148 10819 148
65 years and over 13405 6214 211 10075 71 10075 71

Type of Family
Married-couple families 58428 8820 134 10413 72 10413 72
  With related children under 18 26119 10085 184 11831 172 11831 172
      With related children under 6 12158 10550 238 12084 234 12084 234
Male householder, no wife present 5582 9018 233 11549 185 11549 185
Female householder, no husband present 14857 9218 106 11647 95 11647 95
  With related children under 18 9872 9756 116 12210 117 12210 117
      With related children under 6 4141 10608 158 12852 168 12852 168

Region
Northeast 14125 9129 189 11051 126 11051 126
Midwest 17465 9321 181 10806 117 10806 117
South 29719 8859 121 11038 88 11038 88
West 17558 9071 180 10930 134 10930 134

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9636 9678 147 12083 113 12083 113
High school graduate, no college 23285 8789 131 10563 87 10563 87
College: Less than bachelor's degree 22039 8591 149 10648 109 10648 109
Bachelor's degree or more 23906 8996 264 10181 153 10181 153

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
65461 9309 83 11413 74 11413 74
Worked at full-time jobs 44302 7286 132 7896 125 7896 125
  50 to 52 weeks 37039 6548 176 6587 168 6587 168
Worked at part-time jobs 8073 8301 157 9094 150 9094 150
Did not work 13086 10912 125 14011 96 14011 96

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 25278 9706 90 11691 58 11691 58
  Householder 15 to 64 years 15464 10090 95 12595 81 12595 81
  Householder 65 years and over 9814 6309 220 10215 71 10215 71
One worker 33355 6551 149 6686 133 6686 133
Two workers or more 20234 7846 583 7651 546 7651 546

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 4072 8853 170 14065 148 14065 148
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1482 10170 230 15022 234 15022 234
      SSI 2858 6822 200 13661 177 13661 177
  Food stamps 7650 9623 115 12882 105 12882 105
  Housing assistance 2477 10268 196 13459 179 13459 179
  Energy assistance 2420 8551 201 12339 172 12339 172
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 8842 10027 129 12714 128 12714 128
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 2156 9237 192 14947 171 14947 171

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 53339 7915 168 8759 107 8759 107
  Medicare 19035 6726 157 10805 70 10805 70
  Medicaid 17087 9334 99 12196 88 12196 88
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
8088 9725 188 10476 166 10476 166
  Health insurance 4925 9653 216 10351 195 10351 195
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4107 7046 221 13011 151 13011 151

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 11109 56 11040 55 11041 56 11107 59

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 10685 62 10640 60 10634 62 10682 65
  White alone 10667 62 10624 61 10618 62 10670 65
      White alone, not Hispanic 10407 65 10361 64 10366 65 10394 67
Black alone or in combination 12666 139 12470 137 12537 140 12749 146
  Black alone 12650 141 12444 139 12507 142 12725 149
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
11661 317 11705 308 11578 316 11405 338
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
11635 332 11682 322 11613 330 11482 352
  Asian alone or in combination 11424 325 11460 315 11367 324 11189 349
      Asian alone 11428 338 11467 327 11440 337 11321 361
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
14056 1160 14364 1133 13586 1169 13913 1192
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
14490 1425 14704 1408 13915 1422 13669 1448
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
12094 431 11954 423 11820 433 11719 460
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
12483 569 12515 556 12283 575 12047 628
Two or more races 12043 484 11895 476 11825 486 11694 507
Hispanic (of any race) 11648 154 11575 147 11571 155 11806 171
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 10429 65 10382 64 10386 65 10410 67

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 11015 197 11007 191 10868 200 10762 222
25 to 44 years 12087 114 11941 110 12051 117 12315 130
45 to 54 years 11490 175 11369 169 11524 173 11921 182
55 to 64 years 11007 150 10872 148 10829 149 10787 153
65 years and over 10088 72 10070 71 10035 72 10053 72

Type of Family
Married-couple families 10545 73 10541 72 10494 73 10405 76
  With related children under 18 12173 179 12081 170 12133 186 12174 218
      With related children under 6 12382 245 12309 232 12340 256 12159 303
Male householder, no wife present 11604 189 11346 186 11428 190 11723 199
Female householder, no husband present 11827 97 11702 95 11755 97 12035 103
  With related children under 18 12409 119 12299 116 12408 120 12854 130
      With related children under 6 12989 171 12989 166 12979 173 13473 187

Region
Northeast 11244 128 11169 126 11203 129 11266 135
Midwest 10982 120 10927 118 10943 120 10946 125
South 11132 89 11027 87 11024 89 11165 93
West 11098 137 11092 133 11055 138 11043 146

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12200 114 12148 112 12068 115 12080 120
High school graduate, no college 10725 89 10645 87 10665 90 10799 94
College: Less than bachelor's degree 10831 111 10750 109 10791 112 10811 117
Bachelor's degree or more 10205 155 10155 152 10204 155 10312 159

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
11643 76 11524 74 11573 77 11732 83
Worked at full-time jobs 8047 134 8050 125 7904 136 7704 160
  50 to 52 weeks 6747 183 6740 165 6671 188 6666 246
Worked at part-time jobs 9201 155 9369 150 9089 155 8366 169
Did not work 14151 96 14088 95 14100 96 14141 99

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 11760 59 11778 58 11697 59 11603 60
  Householder 15 to 64 years 12728 82 12734 80 12641 83 12552 87
  Householder 65 years and over 10213 72 10216 71 10193 71 10185 71
One worker 6816 145 6862 133 6640 148 6422 183
Two workers or more 7704 558 8141 521 8168 578 8038 681

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 14176 149 14229 146 14114 149 13918 155
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 15016 236 15170 230 14979 237 14728 250
      SSI 13836 177 13840 175 13779 177 13647 181
  Food stamps 12964 107 12975 104 12898 108 12830 116
  Housing assistance 13604 179 13571 177 13517 181 13538 187
  Energy assistance 12491 172 12521 169 12439 174 12409 183
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 12933 131 12841 126 12870 134 13315 149
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 14947 172 15025 170 14874 173 14547 182

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9070 117 8827 113 8913 117 9198 125
  Medicare 10869 70 10848 70 10817 70 10799 70
  Medicaid 12318 89 12305 86 12277 90 12402 97
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
10476 166 10316 160 10402 166 10557 178
  Health insurance 10351 195 10204 187 10272 194 10401 211
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 13168 151 13172 149 13152 150 13120 152

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 11109 59 10160 91 10230 92 10228 92

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 10678 65 9730 107 9778 108 9779 108
  White alone 10666 65 9707 108 9752 109 9754 109
      White alone, not Hispanic 10385 67 9330 122 9359 124 9354 124
Black alone or in combination 12758 146 11305 182 11448 183 11441 183
  Black alone 12734 148 11222 185 11374 186 11367 186
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
11512 341 10653 464 10671 467 10658 467
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
11593 355 10726 488 10760 491 10747 490
  Asian alone or in combination 11321 353 10363 487 10430 491 10417 491
      Asian alone 11458 365 10520 509 10610 513 10597 512
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
13677 1191 13578 1321 12924 1378 12908 1376
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
13360 1439 13175 1589 12481 1619 12466 1618
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
11727 461 10388 580 10475 587 10466 587
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
12059 633 10146 705 10028 705 10022 705
Two or more races 11707 505 11215 680 11377 685 11368 685
Hispanic (of any race) 11820 171 10490 202 10563 204 10575 204
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 10400 67 9360 121 9393 122 9389 122

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10828 222 10474 234 10447 234 10445 234
25 to 44 years 12329 130 11193 141 11225 141 11219 141
45 to 54 years 11944 182 10299 223 10407 225 10423 225
55 to 64 years 10788 152 8563 217 8671 222 8666 222
65 years and over 10031 72 7036 210 7027 214 7024 214

Type of Family
Married-couple families 10398 76 9399 156 9469 159 9472 159
  With related children under 18 12222 218 11136 247 11223 249 11233 249
      With related children under 6 12195 303 11400 325 11420 328 11411 328
Male householder, no wife present 11741 198 10045 254 10117 255 10106 255
Female householder, no husband present 12048 103 10737 122 10797 123 10794 123
  With related children under 18 12879 130 11538 138 11541 139 11537 139
      With related children under 6 13496 187 12378 190 12386 191 12385 191

Region
Northeast 11302 135 11041 217 11032 220 11022 220
Midwest 10924 124 10661 204 10790 206 10778 206
South 11170 93 9650 138 9744 140 9742 139
West 11039 146 10044 213 10065 215 10079 215

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12076 120 10658 167 10737 169 10746 169
High school graduate, no college 10782 94 10156 155 10267 157 10259 156
College: Less than bachelor's degree 10825 117 9461 169 9519 171 9507 171
Bachelor's degree or more 10366 160 10223 291 10130 294 10147 294

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
11751 83 10553 97 10612 98 10611 98
Worked at full-time jobs 7756 161 7569 176 7565 177 7560 177
  50 to 52 weeks 6699 247 6856 264 6862 265 6861 265
Worked at part-time jobs 8398 169 8231 186 8269 186 8269 186
Did not work 14123 99 12373 129 12490 130 12491 130

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 11601 60 10739 98 10813 99 10804 99
  Householder 15 to 64 years 12564 87 11226 105 11306 106 11297 106
  Householder 65 years and over 10167 71 7204 218 7111 220 7108 220
One worker 6457 184 6572 214 6647 216 6654 216
Two workers or more 8453 692 8542 747 8421 769 8677 772

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 13926 154 12404 179 12533 182 12536 182
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 14742 249 13657 261 13719 260 13732 260
      SSI 13652 181 11836 221 11967 227 11962 227
  Food stamps 12864 115 11101 131 11195 133 11191 133
  Housing assistance 13530 188 12106 219 12241 221 12237 221
  Energy assistance 12495 182 10495 225 10520 228 10517 228
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 13320 149 11781 161 11799 162 11799 162
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 14576 181 13032 205 13159 208 13157 208

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9202 125 9270 228 9359 229 9354 229
  Medicare 10787 70 8053 166 8168 173 8164 172
  Medicaid 12420 97 10835 115 10890 116 10889 116
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
10531 179 9693 204 9693 204 9698 204
  Health insurance 10379 211 9530 236 9530 236 9541 236
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 13118 152 9103 227 9183 239 9179 239

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 9329 90 9558 92 8047 90 8043 93

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 8995 107 9203 110 8042 109 8077 111
  White alone 9002 108 9210 111 8078 110 8123 113
      White alone, not Hispanic 8539 123 8716 126 7715 128 7788 131
Black alone or in combination 10030 177 10331 182 7636 168 7593 173
  Black alone 10046 181 10353 185 7688 172 7675 177
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10495 485 10667 490 9982 490 9709 513
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10638 511 10826 516 10496 507 10142 532
  Asian alone or in combination 10370 512 10552 518 10110 511 9875 535
      Asian alone 10502 533 10698 539 10511 527 10185 553
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
11801 1413 11912 1439 8720 1641 8335 1755
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
12233 1716 12313 1745 10268 1863 9558 1991
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
9102 557 9353 573 7145 524 6826 531
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
8949 687 9088 699 7293 638 7036 653
Two or more races 9012 619 9208 647 6158 623 5860 637
Hispanic (of any race) 9858 198 10145 203 8677 196 8658 198
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 8532 121 8702 124 7685 127 7743 130

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9755 227 9850 232 8507 234 8469 234
25 to 44 years 10212 136 10565 140 8435 138 8606 139
45 to 54 years 9411 224 9656 230 8401 231 7831 228
55 to 64 years 7596 227 7754 231 7262 238 6851 237
65 years and over 6342 221 6375 222 6183 221 6230 254

Type of Family
Married-couple families 8988 160 9231 164 8343 159 8418 165
  With related children under 18 10657 246 11059 255 9701 260 9875 257
      With related children under 6 11017 323 11348 335 9983 336 10170 328
Male householder, no wife present 9468 261 9596 263 8844 257 8757 256
Female householder, no husband present 9539 119 9779 122 7623 119 7584 121
  With related children under 18 10215 132 10500 136 8131 135 8060 136
      With related children under 6 11074 179 11366 184 8757 180 8639 182

Region
Northeast 9711 220 10058 228 8578 236 8726 244
Midwest 9817 204 9977 208 8169 200 7928 199
South 9071 138 9325 141 7759 133 7789 137
West 9109 210 9279 215 8156 219 8219 226

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9528 166 9800 170 7869 160 7957 164
High school graduate, no college 9314 153 9553 157 7943 155 7871 157
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8931 171 9094 175 7921 177 8067 181
Bachelor's degree or more 9792 302 10001 303 9379 308 8923 327

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
9660 96 9924 98 8278 97 8215 98
Worked at full-time jobs 7374 175 7595 181 6536 189 7056 198
  50 to 52 weeks 6822 267 7068 278 6515 315 7074 317
Worked at part-time jobs 7830 182 7973 188 6620 187 6633 193
Did not work 11139 131 11445 133 9346 130 9104 131

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 9764 98 9961 100 8265 96 8206 99
  Householder 15 to 64 years 10181 104 10410 106 8542 104 8413 105
  Householder 65 years and over 6385 228 6422 230 6227 230 6223 264
One worker 6609 224 6909 238 6284 266 6909 276
Two workers or more 8661 773 8874 805 9771 826 8651 733

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 8940 178 9212 185 5943 158 6007 164
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 10018 242 10188 252 6441 216 6436 221
      SSI 7043 211 7446 225 5051 201 5208 216
  Food stamps 9703 129 10130 135 6791 120 6810 121
  Housing assistance 10420 210 10580 222 5276 165 5276 165
  Energy assistance 8847 221 9094 232 6083 199 6060 208
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 10486 155 10883 161 7995 158 8072 160
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 9276 201 9603 210 5660 174 5806 182

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9050 229 9225 233 8729 232 8832 231
  Medicare 6904 167 6984 170 6247 164 6421 183
  Medicaid 9557 115 9942 119 7678 116 7742 118
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9680 204 9680 204 9153 200 8881 202
  Health insurance 9535 237 9535 237 8992 230 8849 232
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 7174 240 7337 248 6176 242 6329 256

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 7902 108 8746 94 8815 104 8814 104
  White alone 7933 109 8751 95 8824 106 8823 106
      White alone, not Hispanic 7556 127 8279 110 8345 120 8342 120
Black alone or in combination 7494 167 9657 161 9790 173 9783 173
  Black alone 7540 170 9653 164 9787 177 9781 177
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
9783 488 10103 427 10259 469 10249 470
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10265 507 10196 450 10354 493 10344 494
  Asian alone or in combination 9890 509 9938 446 10129 494 10119 495
      Asian alone 10262 527 10013 466 10215 514 10206 515
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
8720 1641 11615 1386 11765 1424 11752 1427
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
10268 1863 12482 1685 12025 1698 12013 1701
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
7129 515 9038 484 8949 531 8940 532
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
7240 627 9245 599 9132 672 9129 672
Two or more races 6195 618 8781 547 8759 586 8746 587
Hispanic (of any race) 8587 194 9601 169 9720 194 9723 194
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7532 125 8278 108 8337 118 8334 118

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 8306 233 9499 202 9651 223 9650 223
25 to 44 years 8310 137 9810 117 10036 133 10035 133
45 to 54 years 8333 229 8820 201 9161 219 9152 219
55 to 64 years 6969 233 7550 211 7385 218 7383 218
65 years and over 6108 219 6143 208 6146 212 6131 213
  With related children under 18 9533 255 10156 194 10379 237 10372 237
      With related children under 6 9803 329 10606 254 10763 312 10756 312
Male householder, no wife present 8684 255 9073 235 9418 255 9434 255
Female householder, no husband present 7496 118 9183 107 9386 117 9385 117
  With related children under 18 7984 134 9762 118 10083 130 10083 130
      With related children under 6 8552 179 10644 161 10935 176 10932 176
Midwest 7993 199 9228 183 9534 199 9527 199
South 7625 131 8813 122 8836 134 8835 134
West 8028 216 9142 184 9058 205 9050 205

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7690 157 9584 148 9396 162 9395 162
High school graduate, no college 7839 154 8777 134 9051 150 9048 150
College: Less than bachelor's degree 7755 175 8647 152 8791 167 8792 167
Bachelor's degree or more 9288 308 9191 269 9432 291 9415 291

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
8125 96 9323 84 9470 94 9468 94
Worked at full-time jobs 6527 187 7265 137 7155 166 7150 167
  50 to 52 weeks 6532 313 6535 184 6475 248 6472 248
Worked at part-time jobs 6467 185 8189 160 7765 177 7767 177
Did not work 9133 129 10938 125 10985 130 10983 130
  Householder 15 to 64 years 8383 103 10055 96 10058 102 10057 103
  Householder 65 years and over 6180 228 6314 220 6300 222 6288 223
One worker 6160 260 6515 157 6271 206 6265 206
Two workers or more 9573 801 8586 607 8293 713 8286 714

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 5775 155 8880 170 8858 176 8853 176
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 6138 212 10174 231 9997 240 9992 240
      SSI 5001 197 6871 200 6984 206 6979 206
  Food stamps 6619 118 9587 116 9550 126 9543 126
  Housing assistance 5046 162 10285 198 10314 208 10309 208
  Energy assistance 5930 196 8671 204 8709 218 8703 218
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 7905 156 10064 133 10323 152 10316 152
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 5486 170 9255 192 9216 198 9211 198
  Employer-provided plan 8619 230 8022 172 8348 203 8358 203
  Medicare 6055 160 6771 157 6689 159 6674 159
  Medicaid 7502 114 9325 102 9432 112 9430 113
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9153 200 9624 188 9674 204 9668 205
  Health insurance 8992 230 9548 217 9523 237 9517 237
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 6023 235 7126 223 7026 227 7005 227

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 8792 16575 16575 16005 16708 16105 14851

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 6133 12697 12697 12275 12798 12339 11412
  White alone 5994 12478 12478 12068 12581 12128 11214
      White alone, not Hispanic 3797 9599 9599 9296 9614 9360 8857
Black alone or in combination 2193 3179 3179 3056 3205 3078 2808
  Black alone 2125 3085 3085 2963 3110 2987 2723
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
392 602 602 582 607 592 546
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
364 563 563 545 569 553 510
  Asian alone or in combination 359 558 558 539 563 547 506
      Asian alone 337 526 526 509 531 515 476
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
37 51 51 50 51 52 46
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
27 36 36 36 37 38 34
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
235 353 353 335 353 344 317
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
153 206 206 198 206 201 184
Two or more races 155 244 244 231 242 235 220
Hispanic (of any race) 2369 3092 3092 2976 3184 2972 2537
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3907 9778 9778 9465 9792 9533 9021

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1139 1287 1287 1230 1292 1241 1098
25 to 44 years 4548 5524 5524 5243 5606 5164 4378
45 to 54 years 1454 2192 2192 2093 2222 2120 1893
55 to 64 years 894 2024 2024 1943 2027 2005 1950
65 years and over 757 5548 5548 5496 5561 5575 5533

Type of Family
Married-couple families 3409 9043 9043 8718 9063 8743 8200
  With related children under 18 2161 2888 2888 2680 2930 2614 2103
      With related children under 6 1353 1631 1631 1522 1670 1469 1174
Male householder, no wife present 942 1457 1457 1418 1501 1458 1336
Female householder, no husband present 4441 6076 6076 5870 6144 5904 5315
  With related children under 18 3800 4517 4517 4350 4557 4313 3754
      With related children under 6 2123 2359 2359 2288 2375 2266 1965

Region
Northeast 1314 2635 2635 2533 2629 2550 2380
Midwest 1827 3735 3735 3585 3720 3594 3363
South 3717 6784 6784 6601 6920 6659 6095
West 1934 3419 3419 3287 3439 3301 3013

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2825 4596 4596 4480 4681 4519 4147
High school graduate, no college 3052 6212 6212 5974 6247 6007 5510
College: Less than bachelor's degree 2193 4035 4035 3872 4043 3885 3589
Bachelor's degree or more 722 1731 1731 1680 1737 1694 1604

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
8035 11027 11027 10510 11147 10530 9318
Worked at full-time jobs 2404 3025 3025 2734 3105 2707 1978
  50 to 52 weeks 1258 1461 1461 1281 1548 1231 760
Worked at part-time jobs 1595 2063 2063 1954 2083 1963 1682
Did not work 4035 5939 5939 5823 5959 5860 5658

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 6895 14148 14148 13877 14163 13977 13400
  Householder 15 to 64 years 6194 8774 8774 8536 8786 8585 8026
  Householder 65 years and over 700 5374 5374 5341 5377 5392 5374
One worker 1781 2298 2298 2008 2402 2001 1357
Two workers or more 115 128 128 121 143 127 93

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1608 2654 2654 2609 2658 2622 2524
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 930 1173 1173 1164 1182 1161 1099
      SSI 837 1711 1711 1673 1705 1689 1648
  Food stamps 4274 5491 5491 5378 5584 5348 4848
  Housing assistance 1431 1804 1804 1767 1817 1763 1629
  Energy assistance 1229 1782 1782 1742 1795 1739 1611
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3817 4691 4691 4498 4770 4442 3724
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1318 1837 1837 1828 1856 1832 1770

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1752 3909 3909 3340 3587 3412 3059
  Medicare 1603 7762 7762 7640 7765 7752 7644
  Medicaid 5637 8032 8032 7827 8185 7787 6931
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1567 1934 1934 1934 2084 1970 1751
  Health insurance 1204 1470 1470 1470 1588 1494 1316
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 887 2349 2349 2299 2345 2320 2254

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 14860 7796 7636 7630 7086 6774

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 11426 5385 5274 5269 4893 4690
  White alone 11228 5258 5152 5146 4782 4586
      White alone, not Hispanic 8875 3476 3395 3393 3112 2990
Black alone or in combination 2807 1990 1946 1946 1811 1712
  Black alone 2722 1929 1885 1885 1753 1657
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
544 359 353 353 325 317
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
508 334 327 327 303 294
  Asian alone or in combination 503 329 323 323 297 289
      Asian alone 473 309 302 302 280 272
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
47 34 34 34 30 30
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
35 25 25 25 23 22
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
315 211 206 206 189 179
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
182 134 134 134 123 118
Two or more races 220 142 137 137 126 118
Hispanic (of any race) 2532 1931 1904 1900 1812 1729
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9040 3576 3491 3489 3199 3074

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1094 984 983 983 948 920
25 to 44 years 4369 3644 3615 3612 3432 3241
45 to 54 years 1893 1335 1305 1302 1181 1126
55 to 64 years 1955 964 919 919 819 788
65 years and over 5550 870 815 815 706 699

Type of Family
Married-couple families 8209 2902 2817 2814 2591 2470
  With related children under 18 2094 1558 1530 1526 1428 1338
      With related children under 6 1167 944 935 935 887 836
Male householder, no wife present 1341 885 868 868 804 788
Female householder, no husband present 5310 4009 3950 3948 3692 3515
  With related children under 18 3742 3240 3220 3218 3074 2913
      With related children under 6 1959 1794 1785 1784 1733 1639

Region
Northeast 2371 1205 1184 1184 1054 987
Midwest 3374 1600 1564 1564 1470 1416
South 6099 3257 3181 3179 2991 2864
West 3016 1734 1708 1704 1572 1506

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4151 2631 2569 2565 2360 2244
High school graduate, no college 5524 2614 2556 2556 2382 2271
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3584 1913 1880 1880 1763 1693
Bachelor's degree or more 1602 639 631 629 581 565

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
9310 6927 6821 6815 6380 6075
Worked at full-time jobs 1967 1518 1511 1510 1443 1360
  50 to 52 weeks 757 648 645 644 620 578
Worked at part-time jobs 1670 1284 1272 1271 1211 1153
Did not work 5673 4125 4038 4035 3727 3561

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 13402 6674 6531 6531 6057 5830
  Householder 15 to 64 years 8017 5865 5763 5763 5392 5173
  Householder 65 years and over 5385 810 768 768 665 657
One worker 1367 1037 1021 1017 948 867
Two workers or more 91 85 84 81 81 76

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 2522 2052 1961 1960 1443 1338
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1097 975 963 962 843 789
      SSI 1649 1280 1199 1199 755 676
  Food stamps 4830 3903 3811 3811 3498 3226
  Housing assistance 1627 1353 1315 1315 1216 1133
  Energy assistance 1597 1157 1134 1134 1007 934
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3719 3080 3050 3050 2883 2694
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1766 1551 1497 1497 1187 1091

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 3072 1202 1182 1180 1106 1071
  Medicare 7661 1818 1658 1658 1443 1405
  Medicaid 6918 5137 5025 5022 4508 4195
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1758 1409 1409 1406 1402 1402
  Health insurance 1321 1078 1078 1075 1072 1072
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 2256 1102 990 990 787 750

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 5855 5620 5996 8673 7422 7417

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 4113 3943 4211 6037 5122 5117
  White alone 4025 3854 4123 5899 5000 4995
      White alone, not Hispanic 2636 2494 2709 3756 3274 3270
Black alone or in combination 1417 1376 1449 2166 1897 1897
  Black alone 1371 1331 1403 2102 1839 1839
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
281 263 287 398 343 343
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
259 239 265 370 321 321
  Asian alone or in combination 257 240 263 365 314 314
      Asian alone 240 222 247 343 297 297
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
25 25 25 37 31 31
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
18 17 18 27 24 24
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
152 145 155 234 202 202
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
100 94 103 148 125 125
Two or more races 101 102 101 155 137 137
Hispanic (of any race) 1506 1476 1531 2312 1874 1872
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 2704 2563 2777 3866 3372 3368

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 773 757 795 1145 975 975
25 to 44 years 2725 2756 2781 4396 3577 3575
45 to 54 years 995 960 1008 1454 1246 1246
55 to 64 years 715 661 752 907 872 870
65 years and over 647 486 659 772 752 750

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2229 2123 2294 3319 2770 2768
  With related children under 18 1140 1155 1175 2050 1518 1518
      With related children under 6 699 720 722 1270 935 935
Male householder, no wife present 718 694 735 951 830 828
Female householder, no husband present 2909 2803 2967 4403 3823 3821
  With related children under 18 2365 2321 2417 3730 3171 3169
      With related children under 6 1365 1357 1405 2079 1787 1787

Region
Northeast 811 774 830 1274 1100 1098
Midwest 1214 1190 1246 1809 1546 1546
South 2511 2402 2569 3687 3150 3146
West 1319 1254 1351 1903 1626 1626

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1919 1836 1981 2809 2447 2445
High school graduate, no college 1959 1870 1993 3006 2508 2506
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1433 1405 1469 2146 1839 1837
Bachelor's degree or more 545 509 553 713 628 628

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
5208 5133 5337 7901 6670 6667
Worked at full-time jobs 1095 1135 1108 2293 1572 1572
  50 to 52 weeks 449 501 453 1169 703 703
Worked at part-time jobs 911 905 936 1578 1269 1267
Did not work 3201 3093 3293 4030 3829 3827

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 5096 4795 5209 6861 6247 6241
  Householder 15 to 64 years 4487 4341 4592 6157 5555 5551
  Householder 65 years and over 609 454 618 703 692 691
One worker 695 734 719 1694 1084 1084
Two workers or more 64 90 68 119 91 91

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1039 1010 1090 1594 1481 1481
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 586 578 621 919 853 853
      SSI 538 515 561 837 784 784
  Food stamps 2406 2345 2489 4187 3625 3625
  Housing assistance 754 754 795 1402 1249 1249
  Energy assistance 713 666 737 1185 1039 1039
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2107 2082 2149 3689 2992 2992
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 804 779 842 1305 1213 1213

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 967 970 985 1700 1356 1353
  Medicare 1230 1062 1292 1613 1561 1557
  Medicaid 3394 3301 3505 5517 4651 4649
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1340 1274 1340 1594 1404 1404
  Health insurance 1015 958 1015 1223 1075 1075
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 606 550 638 885 848 848

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 79494723 1.103E12 181749889 2.666E12 181749889 2.666E12 177803311 2.624E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 53596174 7.267E11 133946364 1.891E12 133946364 1.891E12 131159385 1.863E12
  White alone 52398709 7.114E11 131438662 1.853E12 131438662 1.853E12 128730966 1.825E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 31405049 3.975E11 98634167 1.318E12 98634167 1.318E12 96734079 1.3E12
Black alone or in combination 21217360 3.03E11 39661753 6.454E11 39661753 6.454E11 38704727 6.345E11
  Black alone 20582973 2.948E11 38421223 6.246E11 38421223 6.246E11 37476071 6.138E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3974858 6.238E10 6964239 1.094E11 6964239 1.094E11 6782433 1.065E11
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3723392 5.924E10 6513379 1.028E11 6513379 1.028E11 6343566 1.001E11
  Asian alone or in combination 3578196 5.568E10 6328772 9.764E10 6328772 9.764E10 6153324 9.491E10
      Asian alone 3377504 5.309E10 5981785 9.286E10 5981785 9.286E10 5817209 9.035E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
441268 7.3971E9 718464 1.299E10 718464 1.299E10 707245 1.268E10
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
342356 6.0859E9 527232 9.836E9 527232 9.836E9 521995 9.6847E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2160871 3E10 4164310 6.703E10 4164310 6.703E10 4056290 6.586E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1412561 1.945E10 2519259 4.168E10 2519259 4.168E10 2475675 4.114E10
Two or more races 1380620 1.806E10 2861729 4.443E10 2861729 4.443E10 2781395 4.355E10
Hispanic (of any race) 22702355 3.395E11 35523941 5.813E11 35523941 5.813E11 34664776 5.719E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 32328844 4.089E11 100681281 1.35E12 100681281 1.35E12 98714590 1.33E12

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10936219 1.459E11 13852058 1.992E11 13852058 1.992E11 13547557 1.963E11
25 to 44 years 44505274 6.482E11 65361881 1.076E12 65361881 1.076E12 63373283 1.054E12
45 to 54 years 12648533 1.79E11 24741876 3.93E11 24741876 3.93E11 24053683 3.847E11
55 to 64 years 6703636 8E10 21894445 3.09E11 21894445 3.09E11 21390853 3.041E11
65 years and over 4701061 4.967E10 55899629 6.885E11 55899629 6.885E11 55437935 6.842E11

Type of Family
Married-couple families 30063308 4.331E11 94163880 1.32E12 94163880 1.32E12 91928433 1.295E12
  With related children under 18 21790064 3.465E11 34168537 6.024E11 34168537 6.024E11 32620819 5.83E11
      With related children under 6 14277639 2.343E11 19711960 3.556E11 19711960 3.556E11 18845896 3.453E11
Male householder, no wife present 8492184 1.152E11 16820835 2.525E11 16820835 2.525E11 16450914 2.485E11
Female householder, no husband present 40939230 5.546E11 70765174 1.094E12 70765174 1.094E12 69423964 1.08E12
  With related children under 18 37069746 5.178E11 55150637 8.977E11 55150637 8.977E11 53980467 8.853E11
      With related children under 6 22522227 3.297E11 30321524 5.158E11 30321524 5.158E11 29723039 5.09E11

Region
Northeast 11994682 1.676E11 29123601 4.27E11 29123601 4.27E11 28481740 4.202E11
Midwest 17026847 2.438E11 40363910 5.856E11 40363910 5.856E11 39365469 5.765E11
South 32929051 4.425E11 74890387 1.09E12 74890387 1.09E12 73482786 1.073E12
West 17544143 2.489E11 37371990 5.639E11 37371990 5.639E11 36473316 5.538E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 27342313 4.041E11 55537490 8.87E11 55537490 8.87E11 54657932 8.768E11
High school graduate, no college 26822296 3.637E11 65620726 9.291E11 65620726 9.291E11 64070345 9.15E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 18838481 2.474E11 42966500 6.143E11 42966500 6.143E11 41934915 6.024E11
Bachelor's degree or more 6491632 8.755E10 17625172 2.356E11 17625172 2.356E11 17140119 2.295E11

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
74793662 1.053E12 125850260 1.978E12 125850260 1.978E12 122365375 1.94E12
Worked at full-time jobs 17516693 2.081E11 23886377 3.038E11 23886377 3.038E11 21997981 2.842E11
  50 to 52 weeks 8235070 9.347E10 9622956 1.119E11 9622956 1.119E11 8643222 1.024E11
Worked at part-time jobs 13242524 1.607E11 18757026 2.479E11 18757026 2.479E11 17975760 2.394E11
Did not work 44034444 6.843E11 83206857 1.426E12 83206857 1.426E12 82391635 1.416E12

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 66918982 9.588E11 165402105 2.476E12 165402105 2.476E12 163190809 2.451E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years 62501101 9.118E11 110512678 1.798E12 110512678 1.798E12 108641156 1.777E12
  Householder 65 years and over 4417881 4.704E10 54889427 6.78E11 54889427 6.78E11 54549653 6.747E11
One worker 11669879 1.332E11 15365025 1.781E11 15365025 1.781E11 13683501 1.616E11
Two workers or more 905862 1.075E10 982759 1.148E10 982759 1.148E10 929001 1.081E10

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 14232468 1.862E11 37331599 6.489E11 37331599 6.489E11 36982772 6.45E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9462240 1.331E11 17616881 3.251E11 17616881 3.251E11 17484473 3.233E11
      SSI 5709571 6.14E10 23368995 3.929E11 23368995 3.929E11 23146507 3.907E11
  Food stamps 41126810 5.894E11 70737162 1.18E12 70737162 1.18E12 69715709 1.168E12
  Housing assistance 14697168 2.14E11 24279187 4.109E11 24279187 4.109E11 24032285 4.074E11
  Energy assistance 10511380 1.39E11 21988851 3.471E11 21988851 3.471E11 21755495 3.442E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 38272046 5.791E11 59643215 1.048E12 59643215 1.048E12 58172614 1.031E12
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 12178712 1.639E11 27454728 4.901E11 27454728 4.901E11 27315837 4.88E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 13866273 1.793E11 34240947 4.4E11 34240947 4.4E11 30294369 3.977E11
  Medicare 10780830 1.233E11 83862326 1.142E12 83862326 1.142E12 83042565 1.133E12
  Medicaid 52618220 7.435E11 97961440 1.593E12 97961440 1.593E12 96405296 1.575E12
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
15235833 2.177E11 20262947 2.956E11 20262947 2.956E11 20262947 2.956E11
  Health insurance 11622908 1.668E11 15215774 2.233E11 15215774 2.233E11 15215774 2.233E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 6250672 7.492E10 30565132 4.984E11 30565132 4.984E11 30275599 4.95E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7 Definition 8
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 184458376 2.714E12 177806688 2.626E12 164945144 2.448E12 165075771 2.45E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 136175789 1.929E12 131207300 1.865E12 121905681 1.739E12 122005746 1.74E12
  White alone 133658957 1.891E12 128775676 1.828E12 119661364 1.705E12 119757897 1.706E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 99613200 1.336E12 97027395 1.305E12 92059900 1.241E12 92170887 1.243E12
Black alone or in combination 39961792 6.524E11 38588565 6.332E11 35794301 5.918E11 35813251 5.918E11
  Black alone 38698807 6.313E11 37359891 6.125E11 34643825 5.724E11 34663222 5.724E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7103938 1.113E11 6851431 1.075E11 6228980 9.852E10 6263203 9.987E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6643951 1.045E11 6422660 1.014E11 5857743 9.316E10 5890076 9.449E10
  Asian alone or in combination 6449846 9.913E10 6220176 9.602E10 5657579 8.831E10 5689162 8.967E10
      Asian alone 6093973 9.42E10 5895155 9.167E10 5388946 8.475E10 5418767 8.611E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
738299 1.333E10 704973 1.254E10 633601 1.119E10 636242 1.117E10
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
545615 1.022E10 523143 9.5802E9 464435 8.297E9 466946 8.2735E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
4215983 6.829E10 4068132 6.595E10 3714407 6.063E10 3694724 6.032E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
2582080 4.29E10 2471542 4.114E10 2215388 3.743E10 2194864 3.715E10
Two or more races 2878945 4.493E10 2781282 4.341E10 2571187 4.008E10 2574074 4.005E10
Hispanic (of any race) 36855405 6.037E11 34389889 5.692E11 29946768 5.047E11 29924534 5.043E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 101658586 1.368E12 99016166 1.336E12 93907831 1.269E12 94019694 1.271E12

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 14219184 2.057E11 13481772 1.959E11 11816205 1.749E11 11847916 1.756E11
25 to 44 years 66936654 1.106E12 62237378 1.043E12 53913366 9.249E11 53863811 9.247E11
45 to 54 years 25263955 4.004E11 24431207 3.904E11 22562433 3.644E11 22605487 3.653E11
55 to 64 years 22040130 3.122E11 21712076 3.072E11 21029536 2.982E11 21088946 2.988E11
65 years and over 55998453 6.905E11 55944254 6.899E11 55623603 6.853E11 55669610 6.855E11

Type of Family
Married-couple families 95531373 1.346E12 91747247 1.294E12 85315468 1.196E12 85359627 1.197E12
  With related children under 18 35403355 6.263E11 31718445 5.741E11 25598508 4.803E11 25594753 4.811E11
      With related children under 6 20558318 3.738E11 18124007 3.376E11 14277096 2.751E11 14225842 2.742E11
Male householder, no wife present 17027497 2.556E11 16662254 2.519E11 15666579 2.403E11 15747345 2.416E11
Female householder, no husband present 71899506 1.113E12 69397187 1.081E12 63963097 1.011E12 63968799 1.011E12
  With related children under 18 56040613 9.136E11 53516831 8.81E11 48253709 8.128E11 48190302 8.118E11
      With related children under 6 30841524 5.252E11 29413991 5.059E11 26473923 4.658E11 26443667 4.653E11

Region
Northeast 29359145 4.318E11 28573835 4.229E11 26809173 3.998E11 26798565 4.002E11
Midwest 40652632 5.935E11 39324358 5.756E11 36810018 5.399E11 36861202 5.399E11
South 76300991 1.111E12 73414310 1.072E12 68049041 9.981E11 68124258 9.99E11
West 38145607 5.78E11 36494185 5.558E11 33276912 5.099E11 33291746 5.107E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56856958 9.106E11 54539451 8.736E11 50099258 8.048E11 50123670 8.049E11
High school graduate, no college 66499325 9.458E11 64065010 9.171E11 59505497 8.577E11 59555898 8.578E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 43460707 6.225E11 41920996 6.036E11 38803063 5.622E11 38793072 5.621E11
Bachelor's degree or more 17641385 2.355E11 17281231 2.32E11 16537327 2.23E11 16603130 2.25E11

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
128459923 2.024E12 121862434 1.936E12 109321541 1.762E12 109406160 1.764E12
Worked at full-time jobs 24998424 3.219E11 21392701 2.779E11 15237940 1.978E11 15256917 1.99E11
  50 to 52 weeks 10432153 1.23E11 8213820 9.772E10 5065310 6.18E10 5072345 6.202E10
Worked at part-time jobs 19515510 2.613E11 17840604 2.371E11 14072936 1.829E11 14027096 1.82E11
Did not work 83945989 1.441E12 82629129 1.421E12 80010664 1.382E12 80122147 1.383E12

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 166816416 2.506E12 163486335 2.455E12 155478199 2.333E12 155478357 2.332E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years 111881808 1.826E12 108531832 1.776E12 100747675 1.657E12 100723087 1.656E12
  Householder 65 years and over 54934608 6.793E11 54954503 6.795E11 54730523 6.759E11 54755270 6.76E11
One worker 16481500 1.949E11 13285930 1.584E11 8717267 1.057E11 8824145 1.079E11
Two workers or more 1160460 1.388E10 1034423 1.276E10 749679 9.2705E9 773269 9.7609E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 37824782 6.598E11 37007404 6.452E11 35127479 6.114E11 35129116 6.112E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 17928023 3.316E11 17393258 3.216E11 16183598 2.989E11 16164585 2.984E11
      SSI 23596567 3.984E11 23276241 3.927E11 22489981 3.784E11 22510528 3.788E11
  Food stamps 72452709 1.212E12 68978120 1.157E12 62202526 1.051E12 62138505 1.049E12
  Housing assistance 24656012 4.179E11 23831092 4.041E11 22051739 3.735E11 22010324 3.727E11
  Energy assistance 22477651 3.553E11 21625360 3.428E11 19990867 3.183E11 19954410 3.176E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 61252404 1.078E12 57164229 1.02E12 49589187 9.082E11 49531465 9.071E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 27886878 4.989E11 27243285 4.863E11 25753647 4.58E11 25735342 4.575E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 31667003 4.121E11 30408444 4.001E11 28137354 3.765E11 28272219 3.792E11
  Medicare 84236632 1.149E12 83850289 1.143E12 82551744 1.123E12 82643687 1.124E12
  Medicaid 100718671 1.639E12 95599346 1.568E12 85961834 1.427E12 85922045 1.426E12
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
21497735 3.111E11 20493740 2.99E11 18481718 2.736E11 18512282 2.744E11
  Health insurance 16205807 2.36E11 15341955 2.252E11 13686390 2.042E11 13709128 2.049E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 30891884 5.05E11 30518785 4.993E11 29569051 4.828E11 29595259 4.833E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
  All families 79214654 1.207E12 78110722 1.193E12 78039034 1.191E12 66110060 9.454E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 52396025 7.769E11 51575400 7.659E11 51522990 7.646E11 44010893 6.16E11
  White alone 51039947 7.56E11 50245401 7.454E11 50194123 7.442E11 43046917 6.034E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 32429916 4.482E11 31774842 4.391E11 31739571 4.382E11 26571024 3.448E11
Black alone or in combination 22492582 3.596E11 22275694 3.57E11 22261403 3.567E11 18167825 2.651E11
  Black alone 21651042 3.454E11 21444878 3.432E11 21430836 3.429E11 17614765 2.579E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3828688 6.32E10 3767332 6.211E10 3762686 6.197E10 3412483 5.58E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3579375 5.972E10 3522615 5.867E10 3518169 5.854E10 3218899 5.344E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3410567 5.602E10 3366529 5.533E10 3362244 5.52E10 3080065 5.055E10
      Asian alone 3246500 5.401E10 3207057 5.337E10 3202972 5.325E10 2936657 4.873E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
455132 7.7569E9 433220 7.3146E9 432658 7.2969E9 358976 5.7227E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
328513 5.5919E9 311196 5.1948E9 310834 5.1839E9 278710 4.6388E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2187484 3.472E10 2156272 3.433E10 2154550 3.428E10 1720283 2.458E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1355108 2.087E10 1339314 2.057E10 1338523 2.055E10 1101989 1.562E10
Two or more races 1593544 2.538E10 1562877 2.491E10 1561745 2.488E10 1131022 1.505E10
Hispanic (of any race) 20258750 3.352E11 20111969 3.335E11 20095481 3.331E11 17866379 2.795E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 33471301 4.64E11 32790313 4.545E11 32753956 4.536E11 27293707 3.539E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10309467 1.505E11 10265586 1.498E11 10263027 1.497E11 9246699 1.273E11
25 to 44 years 40782944 6.681E11 40571922 6.649E11 40523722 6.637E11 35049772 5.341E11
45 to 54 years 13750054 2.128E11 13582413 2.107E11 13568852 2.104E11 11109928 1.609E11
55 to 64 years 8253864 1.059E11 7966633 1.025E11 7961700 1.024E11 6224014 7.503E10
65 years and over 6118325 6.996E10 5724168 6.474E10 5721734 6.47E10 4479647 4.795E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 27277723 4.213E11 26675669 4.133E11 26651874 4.127E11 23284510 3.471E11
  With related children under 18 17350715 3.124E11 17170066 3.098E11 17146419 3.092E11 15221773 2.615E11
      With related children under 6 10760070 1.986E11 10679631 1.975E11 10671530 1.973E11 9774457 1.737E11
Male householder, no wife present 8890871 1.301E11 8785920 1.284E11 8776732 1.282E11 7609946 1.074E11
Female householder, no husband present 43046061 6.559E11 42649133 6.509E11 42610428 6.5E11 35215604 4.909E11
      With related children under 6 22205938 3.685E11 22114971 3.672E11 22098593 3.667E11 19190558 2.899E11
Northeast 13308623 2.119E11 13056406 2.084E11 13044565 2.082E11 10231353 1.501E11
Midwest 17058965 2.653E11 16874349 2.633E11 16855307 2.627E11 14430345 2.119E11
South 31427244 4.54E11 30991934 4.487E11 30965811 4.481E11 27129235 3.725E11
West 17419821 2.761E11 17188033 2.722E11 17173351 2.719E11 14319126 2.108E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 28037386 4.55E11 27581527 4.485E11 27563428 4.481E11 22487641 3.371E11
High school graduate, no college 26544529 4.022E11 26241675 3.982E11 26220060 3.976E11 22186115 3.141E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 18095120 2.554E11 17894623 2.534E11 17873041 2.53E11 15745279 2.135E11
Bachelor's degree or more 6537619 9.475E10 6392897 9.253E10 6382505 9.222E10 5691024 8.059E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
73096329 1.137E12 72386554 1.128E12 72317300 1.126E12 61630413 8.974E11
Worked at full-time jobs 11485985 1.445E11 11430202 1.437E11 11412166 1.435E11 10639151 1.3E11
  50 to 52 weeks 4441823 5.398E10 4427090 5.386E10 4416935 5.374E10 4227871 5.091E10
Worked at part-time jobs 10568293 1.326E11 10517669 1.321E11 10506673 1.319E11 9478938 1.132E11
Did not work 51042051 8.602E11 50438683 8.521E11 50398461 8.508E11 41512323 6.542E11
No workers 71672775 1.114E12 70623079 1.099E12 70567371 1.098E12 59142417 8.584E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 65840722 1.046E12 65161525 1.037E12 65108203 1.036E12 54895902 8.127E11
  Householder 65 years and over 5832053 6.704E10 5461554 6.191E10 5459168 6.187E10 4246515 4.569E10
One worker 6815575 8.43E10 6783864 8.415E10 6768801 8.394E10 6267718 7.775E10
Two workers or more 726304 9.4481E9 703779 9.2524E9 702862 9.2459E9 699925 9.1985E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25447708 4.236E11 24579589 4.106E11 24570801 4.104E11 12897357 1.686E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 13315378 2.338E11 13216092 2.32E11 13211950 2.318E11 8442281 1.18E11
      SSI 15155101 2.435E11 14343860 2.313E11 14338169 2.311E11 5316796 5.795E10
  Food stamps 43327282 6.921E11 42658469 6.834E11 42642547 6.828E11 33940821 4.936E11
  Housing assistance 16372970 2.687E11 16096692 2.649E11 16091758 2.648E11 12667712 1.844E11
  Energy assistance 12141843 1.821E11 11929619 1.792E11 11925978 1.791E11 8906379 1.186E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 36280199 6.243E11 35986923 6.2E11 35984597 6.199E11 30229240 4.781E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 20211628 3.45E11 19696213 3.372E11 19692728 3.371E11 11007863 1.48E11
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 11140034 1.636E11 11066507 1.628E11 11041796 1.621E11 10007027 1.422E11
  Medicare 14642577 1.91E11 13538645 1.764E11 13531642 1.762E11 9960769 1.154E11
  Medicaid 55660421 8.818E11 54719802 8.686E11 54682624 8.676E11 43077476 6.266E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
13653660 1.987E11 13653660 1.987E11 13635988 1.982E11 13566883 1.973E11
  Health insurance 10273471 1.499E11 10273471 1.499E11 10260742 1.496E11 10224380 1.493E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 10027641 1.416E11 9087022 1.284E11 9082571 1.283E11 5648055 6.932E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 13 Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 64740300 9.34E11 47115491 6.045E11 45201020 5.811E11 47386325 6.062E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 43161881 6.097E11 33074143 4.276E11 31844738 4.123E11 33278570 4.289E11
  White alone 42236757 5.974E11 32512630 4.21E11 31303748 4.058E11 32711788 4.223E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 26063985 3.408E11 20335142 2.487E11 19422957 2.376E11 20465169 2.494E11
Black alone or in combination 17688210 2.605E11 10817097 1.283E11 10451645 1.251E11 10861309 1.285E11
  Black alone 17153101 2.535E11 10537118 1.256E11 10211784 1.231E11 10581329 1.257E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3377932 5.542E10 2802647 4.318E10 2554462 3.945E10 2807728 4.325E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3186801 5.308E10 2715792 4.236E10 2425260 3.763E10 2719896 4.242E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3049919 5.021E10 2600687 4.019E10 2373968 3.676E10 2605769 4.026E10
      Asian alone 2908965 4.841E10 2526804 3.949E10 2257114 3.505E10 2530907 3.955E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
353095 5.6688E9 220359 3.3055E9 205829 3.2274E9 220359 3.3055E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
274304 4.5926E9 186695 2.84E9 165853 2.5455E9 186695 2.84E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1674100 2.411E10 1085253 1.286E10 992319 1.156E10 1107636 1.306E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1076948 1.53E10 730141 8.6088E9 661923 7.6976E9 748232 8.7924E9
Two or more races 1090227 1.476E10 622103 7.0189E9 600598 6.9482E9 627373 7.0411E9
Hispanic (of any race) 17536643 2.773E11 13064031 1.833E11 12778380 1.796E11 13149303 1.84E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 26752539 3.497E11 20780018 2.539E11 19847266 2.427E11 20914337 2.546E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9057409 1.257E11 6576097 8.23E10 6409745 7.948E10 6605510 8.241E10
25 to 44 years 34241214 5.274E11 22985768 3.074E11 23715437 3.223E11 23112191 3.082E11
45 to 54 years 10875702 1.588E11 8356410 1.126E11 7520670 9.751E10 8398589 1.129E11
55 to 64 years 6111676 7.416E10 5195501 6.103E10 4526070 5.071E10 5243109 6.132E10
65 years and over 4454300 4.78E10 4001715 4.126E10 3029097 3.11E10 4026926 4.138E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 22800991 3.427E11 18594231 2.562E11 17867858 2.486E11 18758482 2.575E11
  With related children under 18 14794047 2.573E11 11059493 1.778E11 11409753 1.836E11 11200808 1.79E11
      With related children under 6 9484106 1.705E11 6982995 1.142E11 7325723 1.195E11 7080783 1.149E11
Male householder, no wife present 7563808 1.072E11 6349386 8.36E10 6075306 7.863E10 6384804 8.378E10
Female householder, no husband present 34375501 4.841E11 22171874 2.647E11 21257856 2.539E11 22243039 2.65E11
  With related children under 18 30590963 4.475E11 19231833 2.382E11 18706270 2.307E11 19301771 2.384E11
      With related children under 6 18627026 2.849E11 11957371 1.532E11 11726159 1.502E11 12018678 1.534E11

Region
Northeast 9923385 1.477E11 6956998 9.444E10 6752439 9.271E10 6992736 9.467E10
Midwest 14131047 2.089E11 9920385 1.273E11 9434157 1.184E11 9960462 1.275E11
South 26708949 3.699E11 19480337 2.337E11 18710644 2.262E11 19585950 2.341E11
West 13976919 2.074E11 10757771 1.491E11 10303780 1.438E11 10847176 1.499E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 21995877 3.333E11 15101867 1.947E11 14611857 1.892E11 15232071 1.954E11
High school graduate, no college 21694111 3.098E11 15557940 1.976E11 14716096 1.855E11 15626522 1.981E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15394950 2.107E11 11346590 1.416E11 11335128 1.437E11 11391582 1.417E11
Bachelor's degree or more 5655362 8.016E10 5109094 7.063E10 4537940 6.274E10 5136149 7.1E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
60286001 8.862E11 43113776 5.633E11 42171923 5.5E11 43359399 5.648E11
Worked at full-time jobs 10330601 1.273E11 7160194 8.112E10 8009726 9.704E10 7231637 8.18E10
  50 to 52 weeks 4084150 4.965E10 2922891 3.508E10 3544068 4.531E10 2956911 3.542E10
Worked at part-time jobs 9194855 1.11E11 6031911 6.322E10 6005007 6.444E10 6054439 6.336E10
Did not work 40760545 6.479E11 29921671 4.189E11 28157190 3.885E11 30073322 4.197E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 58070737 8.493E11 42122352 5.412E11 39348503 5.028E11 42308859 5.423E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 53848829 8.037E11 38328412 5.018E11 36522507 4.736E11 38490575 5.028E11
  Householder 65 years and over 4221907 4.554E10 3793940 3.942E10 2825997 2.919E10 3818284 3.954E10
One worker 5993108 7.567E10 4364470 5.488E10 5072187 6.801E10 4428271 5.528E10
Two workers or more 676455 9.0332E9 628669 8.4134E9 780330 1.027E10 649195 8.5906E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 12323799 1.631E11 6174200 5.845E10 6064957 5.859E10 6294227 5.933E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 8042458 1.137E11 3773407 3.72E10 3716988 3.708E10 3811780 3.735E10
      SSI 5033907 5.602E10 2715558 2.314E10 2681027 2.387E10 2805594 2.388E10
  Food stamps 32680634 4.831E11 16340572 1.78E11 15968439 1.738E11 16473531 1.785E11
  Housing assistance 11982825 1.775E11 3979083 3.35E10 3979083 3.35E10 4013085 3.358E10
  Energy assistance 8490522 1.149E11 4335258 4.248E10 4033998 3.989E10 4372661 4.267E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 29321748 4.702E11 16842921 2.234E11 16808294 2.244E11 16988064 2.245E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 10475908 1.429E11 4550142 4.146E10 4523853 4.236E10 4617657 4.177E10

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9875839 1.411E11 8442342 1.14E11 8564919 1.161E11 8492816 1.146E11
  Medicare 9813423 1.143E11 7683144 8.082E10 6818252 7.417E10 7824260 8.174E10
  Medicaid 41707717 6.152E11 26060991 3.249E11 25557170 3.204E11 26292116 3.264E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
13566883 1.973E11 12261347 1.697E11 11314593 1.536E11 12261347 1.697E11
  Health insurance 10224380 1.493E11 9128704 1.258E11 8481965 1.148E11 9128704 1.258E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 5500709 6.822E10 3743466 4.046E10 3483369 3.796E10 3844873 4.125E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 78408043 1.095E12 67785653 9.615E11 67715350 9.608E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 52803649 7.211E11 45155355 6.27E11 45101154 6.265E11
  White alone 51618887 7.06E11 44124712 6.138E11 44071915 6.133E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 31091938 3.949E11 27324006 3.517E11 27281744 3.513E11
Black alone or in combination 20914369 2.993E11 18573951 2.688E11 18561247 2.686E11
  Black alone 20287191 2.912E11 18002006 2.614E11 17989801 2.613E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
4018545 6.383E10 3521319 5.699E10 3518014 5.698E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3773437 6.081E10 3320490 5.45E10 3317320 5.449E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3632149 5.744E10 3183339 5.167E10 3180300 5.165E10
      Asian alone 3437405 5.497E10 3032687 4.972E10 3029783 4.97E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
426780 7.0426E9 367971 5.9245E9 367569 5.9226E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
332500 5.7718E9 284271 4.7143E9 284005 4.7135E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2115204 2.944E10 1811347 2.551E10 1809610 2.55E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1367297 1.895E10 1144218 1.615E10 1143866 1.615E10
Two or more races 1364763 1.779E10 1197759 1.566E10 1195979 1.564E10
Hispanic (of any race) 22197528 3.36E11 18211321 2.832E11 18199545 2.831E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 32004100 4.062E11 28110460 3.614E11 28067139 3.61E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10873920 1.461E11 9412721 1.289E11 9411263 1.289E11
25 to 44 years 43119847 6.353E11 35899790 5.427E11 35879599 5.425E11
45 to 54 years 12824133 1.822E11 11409582 1.644E11 11399436 1.643E11
55 to 64 years 6846916 8.119E10 6443019 7.661E10 6426252 7.649E10
65 years and over 4743227 4.992E10 4620541 4.882E10 4598799 4.865E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 29344632 4.271E11 24091288 3.55E11 24046308 3.546E11
  With related children under 18 20824202 3.383E11 15760132 2.677E11 15747071 2.675E11
      With related children under 6 13467065 2.262E11 10064407 1.767E11 10058007 1.766E11
Male householder, no wife present 8629372 1.184E11 7812323 1.096E11 7807936 1.095E11
Female householder, no husband present 40434038 5.491E11 35882042 4.97E11 35861106 4.967E11
  With related children under 18 36408775 5.11E11 31970105 4.597E11 31954059 4.595E11
      With related children under 6 22128765 3.255E11 19535640 2.933E11 19530073 2.932E11

Region
Northeast 11817667 1.681E11 10482383 1.529E11 10471784 1.529E11
Midwest 16697025 2.395E11 14743266 2.146E11 14731863 2.144E11
South 32491228 4.371E11 27828907 3.784E11 27794205 3.781E11
West 17402122 2.501E11 14731097 2.156E11 14717497 2.154E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 26922097 3.974E11 22988571 3.417E11 22968138 3.415E11
High school graduate, no college 26382567 3.613E11 22698797 3.188E11 22674874 3.186E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 18553280 2.461E11 16170593 2.183E11 16155334 2.181E11
Bachelor's degree or more 6550099 8.98E10 5927692 8.276E10 5917004 8.265E10

Work Experience in 2009
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
73664816 1.045E12 63165111 9.127E11 63116551 9.122E11
Worked at full-time jobs 16658862 2.002E11 11249346 1.356E11 11241094 1.355E11
  50 to 52 weeks 7641393 8.727E10 4553893 5.388E10 4552043 5.386E10
Worked at part-time jobs 12921640 1.57E11 9855821 1.172E11 9844540 1.17E11
Did not work 44084314 6.876E11 42059944 6.599E11 42030917 6.596E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 66354357 9.528E11 60231349 8.691E11 60167614 8.685E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 61912543 9.055E11 55869811 8.226E11 55825554 8.222E11
  Householder 65 years and over 4441814 4.726E10 4361538 4.649E10 4342061 4.633E10
One worker 11034995 1.29E11 6798603 8.273E10 6792656 8.268E10
Two workers or more 1018691 1.292E10 755701 9.6673E9 755079 9.6584E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 14157695 1.85E11 13121023 1.707E11 13113333 1.706E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9348365 1.313E11 8532764 1.19E11 8528160 1.189E11
      SSI 5748239 6.199E10 5477854 5.923E10 5474115 5.918E10
  Food stamps 40140707 5.761E11 34624703 4.997E11 34599053 4.994E11
  Housing assistance 14420309 2.1E11 12880755 1.869E11 12875194 1.869E11
  Energy assistance 10275287 1.362E11 9051299 1.201E11 9044686 1.2E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 37124500 5.675E11 30882491 4.846E11 30860009 4.843E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 12077277 1.624E11 11176421 1.494E11 11170721 1.493E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 13640776 1.785E11 11322074 1.553E11 11306497 1.552E11
  Medicare 10918738 1.253E11 10438786 1.191E11 10390953 1.186E11
  Medicaid 51447413 7.326E11 43872962 6.34E11 43841931 6.336E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
15336423 2.196E11 13583926 1.977E11 13575659 1.977E11
  Health insurance 11676415 1.679E11 10236570 1.496E11 10230673 1.495E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 6303514 7.624E10 5956475 7.157E10 5938210 7.132E10

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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