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TABLE 15. DISTRIBUTION of Persons by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics - 1996 (Numbers in thousands)
All Income Levels Below .50 Below 1.00 Below 1.25 Below 1.50 Below 1.75
NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist.
Total 266218 100.0 14412 100.0 36529 100.0 49310 100.0 62205 100.0 75783 100.0
Under 18 Years 70650 26.5 6330 43.9 14463 39.6 18421 37.4 22510 36.2 26661 35.2
Under 6 Years 23708 8.9 2554 17.7 5492 15.0 6936 14.1 8364 13.4 9775 12.9
6 to 17 Years 46942 17.6 3776 26.2 8972 24.6 11486 23.3 14146 22.7 16886 22.3
18 to 24 Years 24987 9.4 1952 13.5 4466 12.2 5769 11.7 7099 11.4 8341 11.0
25 to 34 Years 40256 15.1 2106 14.6 5093 13.9 6801 13.8 8796 14.1 10815 14.3
35 to 54 Years 76973 28.9 2562 17.8 6859 18.8 9334 18.9 11891 19.1 14736 19.4
55 to 59 Years 11579 4.3 430 3.0 1086 3.0 1539 3.1 1905 3.1 2307 3.0
60 to 64 Years 9896 3.7 361 2.5 1134 3.1 1585 3.2 1978 3.2 2396 3.2
65 Years and Over 31877 12.0 671 4.7 3428 9.4 5862 11.9 8027 12.9 10527 13.9
Race
White 219656 82.5 9094 63.1 24650 67.5 34309 69.6 44282 71.2 55180 72.8
Under 18 Years 55606 20.9 3660 25.4 9044 24.8 11934 24.2 14938 24.0 18205 24.0
Black 34110 12.8 4457 30.9 9694 26.5 12270 24.9 14650 23.6 16849 22.2
Under 18 Years 11338 4.3 2341 16.2 4519 12.4 5425 11.0 6349 10.2 7096 9.4
Other 12452 4.7 861 6.0 2185 6.0 2731 5.5 3273 5.3 3754 5.0
Under 18 Years 3706 1.4 329 2.3 901 2.5 1062 2.2 1223 2.0 1360 1.8
Total 266218 100.0 14412 100.0 36529 100.0 49310 100.0 62205 100.0 75783 100.0
of Hispanic Origin 29614 11.1 3025 21.0 8697 23.8 11144 22.6 13561 21.8 15829 20.9
Under 18 Years 10511 3.9 1541 10.7 4237 11.6 5164 10.5 6056 9.7 6944 9.2
Not of Hispanic Origin 236604 88.9 11387 79.0 27832 76.2 38166 77.4 48644 78.2 59954 79.1
Under 18 Years 60139 22.6 4789 33.2 10226 28.0 13257 26.9 16454 26.5 19717 26.0
Sex
Total, Males 130353 49.0 5983 41.5 15611 42.7 21376 43.4 27299 43.9 33574 44.3
65 Years and Over 13404 5.0 211 1.5 912 2.5 1671 3.4 2421 3.9 3302 4.4
Total, Females 135865 51.0 8429 58.5 20918 57.3 27934 56.6 34906 56.1 42209 55.7
65 Years and Over 18474 6.9 461 3.2 2516 6.9 4191 8.5 5605 9.0 7226 9.5
Total 266218 100.0 14412 100.0 36529 100.0 49310 100.0 62205 100.0 75783 100.0
65 Years and Over 31877 12.0 671 4.7 3428 9.4 5862 11.9 8027 12.9 10527 13.9
In Families 223955 84.1 10602 73.6 27376 74.9 36917 74.9 47053 75.6 58002 76.5
Householder 70241 26.4 3027 21.0 7708 21.1 10476 21.2 13438 21.6 16654 22.0
Under 65 Years 59107 22.2 2865 19.9 7044 19.3 9331 18.9 11699 18.8 14177 18.7
65 Years and Over 11133 4.2 161 1.1 664 1.8 1144 2.3 1739 2.8 2477 3.3
Related Children
Under 18 Years 69411 26.1 5854 40.6 13764 37.7 17608 35.7 21619 34.8 25694 33.9
Under 6 Years 23452 8.8 2468 17.1 5333 14.6 6753 13.7 8160 13.1 9555 12.6
6 to 17 Years 45959 17.3 3386 23.5 8431 23.1 10855 22.0 13459 21.6 16139 21.3
18 Years and Over 21879 8.2 553 3.8 1844 5.0 2679 5.4 3467 5.6 4386 5.8

Contents for Group


TABLE 15. DISTRIBUTION of Persons by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics - 1996 (Numbers in thousands)
All Income Levels Below .50 Below 1.00 Below 1.25 Below 1.50 Below 1.75
NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist.
Total In Married Couple Families 174421 65.5 3378 23.4 11996 32.8 17758 36.0 24642 39.6 32602 43.0
Husband 53604 20.1 895 6.2 3010 8.2 4569 9.3 6422 10.3 8642 11.4
Under 65 Years 44128 16.6 781 5.4 2588 7.1 3772 7.7 5175 8.3 6804 9.0
65 Years and Over 9476 3.6 114 .8 422 1.2 796 1.6 1247 2.0 1838 2.4
Wives 53604 20.1 895 6.2 3010 8.2 4569 9.3 6422 10.3 8642 11.4
Under 65 Years 46336 17.4 810 5.6 2697 7.4 3969 8.0 5452 8.8 7161 9.4
65 Years and Over 7268 2.7 85 .6 313 .9 599 1.2 970 1.6 1482 2.0
Related Children
Under 18 Years 49954 18.8 1381 9.6 5035 13.8 7230 14.7 9893 15.9 12797 16.9
Under 6 Years 17212 6.5 547 3.8 1984 5.4 2858 5.8 3818 6.1 4858 6.4
6 to 17 Years 32742 12.3 833 5.8 3051 8.4 4372 8.9 6076 9.8 7939 10.5
18 Years and Over 14026 5.3 164 1.1 647 1.8 969 2.0 1301 2.1 1731 2.3
In Families With Female
Householder No Spouse Present 38584 14.5 6650 46.1 13796 37.8 16908 34.3 19446 31.3 21900 28.9
Householder 12790 4.8 1947 13.5 4167 11.4 5142 10.4 6016 9.7 6838 9.0
Under 65 Years 11142 4.2 1904 13.2 3933 10.8 4799 9.7 5538 8.9 6219 8.2
65 Years and Over 1648 .6 43 .3 233 .6 343 .7 478 .8 619 .8
Related Children
Under 18 Years 16213 6.1 4177 29.0 7990 21.9 9400 19.1 10496 16.9 11448 15.1
Under 6 Years 5083 1.9 1785 12.4 2990 8.2 3439 7.0 3778 6.1 4034 5.3
6 to 17 Years 11129 4.2 2392 16.6 5000 13.7 5961 12.1 6718 10.8 7413 9.8
18 Years and Over 6479 2.4 337 2.3 1081 3.0 1534 3.1 1923 3.1 2387 3.1
In Unrelated Subfamilies 1536 .6 418 2.9 701 1.9 868 1.8 991 1.6 1106 1.5
Under 18 Years 879 .3 251 1.7 416 1.1 513 1.0 581 .9 647 .9
Under 6 Years 256 .1 86 .6 158 .4 182 .4 204 .3 220 .3
6 to 17 Years 623 .2 165 1.1 258 .7 331 .7 376 .6 427 .6
18 Years and Over 657 .2 166 1.2 284 .8 355 .7 410 .7 459 .6
Unrelated Individuals 40727 15.3 3392 23.5 8452 23.1 11525 23.4 14161 22.8 16674 22.0
Male 19426 7.3 1473 10.2 3308 9.1 4471 9.1 5556 8.9 6514 8.6
Under 65 Years 16692 6.3 1394 9.7 2926 8.0 3755 7.6 4599 7.4 5331 7.0
Living Alone 8145 3.1 394 2.7 1003 2.7 1335 2.7 1664 2.7 1992 2.6
65 Years and Over 2735 1.0 79 .5 382 1.0 717 1.5 957 1.5 1183 1.6
Living Alone 2314 .9 36 .2 309 .8 565 1.1 770 1.2 967 1.3
Female 21300 8.0 1919 13.3 5145 14.1 7054 14.3 8605 13.8 10160 13.4
Under 65 Years 13326 5.0 1606 11.1 3290 9.0 3994 8.1 4696 7.5 5384 7.1
Living Alone 7358 2.8 522 3.6 1391 3.8 1744 3.5 2114 3.4 2471 3.3
65 Years and Over 7975 3.0 313 2.2 1855 5.1 3061 6.2 3908 6.3 4776 6.3
Living Alone 7619 2.9 290 2.0 1761 4.8 2922 5.9 3731 6.0 4570 6.0

Contents for Group


TABLE 15. DISTRIBUTION of Persons by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics - 1996 (Numbers in thousands)
All Income Levels Below .50 Below 1.00 Below 1.25 Below 1.50 Below 1.75
NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist.
Marital Status
Male:
Under 18 Years 36199 13.6 3050 21.2 7248 19.8 9240 18.7 11305 18.2 13460 17.8
18 Years and Over 94154 35.4 2933 20.4 8363 22.9 12136 24.6 15993 25.7 20114 26.5
Married, Spouse Present 54605 20.5 920 6.4 3119 8.5 4731 9.6 6638 10.7 8924 11.8
Married, Spouse Absent 1324 .5 112 .8 258 .7 333 .7 385 .6 451 .6
Divorced 8208 3.1 374 2.6 970 2.7 1411 2.9 1818 2.9 2180 2.9
Separated 1956 .7 99 .7 257 .7 393 .8 514 .8 601 .8
Widowed 2686 1.0 67 .5 334 .9 560 1.1 736 1.2 925 1.2
Never Married 25375 9.5 1362 9.4 3426 9.4 4709 9.6 5902 9.5 7033 9.3
Female:
Under 18 Years 34451 12.9 3281 22.8 7215 19.8 9182 18.6 11205 18.0 13201 17.4
18 Years and Over 101414 38.1 5149 35.7 13703 37.5 18753 38.0 23702 38.1 29008 38.3
Married, Spouse Present 53942 20.3 893 6.2 3063 8.4 4645 9.4 6529 10.5 8768 11.6
Married, Spouse Absent 1788 .7 185 1.3 385 1.1 521 1.1 629 1.0 741 1.0
Divorced 11107 4.2 837 5.8 2244 6.1 2998 6.1 3674 5.9 4439 5.9
Separated 3018 1.1 544 3.8 1119 3.1 1361 2.8 1570 2.5 1735 2.3
Widowed 11056 4.2 456 3.2 2211 6.1 3475 7.0 4474 7.2 5503 7.3
Never Married 20503 7.7 2234 15.5 4681 12.8 5752 11.7 6826 11.0 7821 10.3
Work Experience
Male:
Under 16 Years of Age 32172 12.1 2742 19.0 6565 18.0 8353 16.9 10225 16.4 12197 16.1
16 to 64 Years 84778 31.8 3030 21.0 8134 22.3 11352 23.0 14653 23.6 18075 23.9
Worked During Year 72924 27.4 1316 9.1 4413 12.1 6638 13.5 9184 14.8 11958 15.8
Year-Round, Full-Time 52733 19.8 270 1.9 1400 3.8 2480 5.0 3920 6.3 5581 7.4
Not Year-Round, Full-Time 20191 7.6 1046 7.3 3012 8.2 4158 8.4 5264 8.5 6376 8.4
Did Not Work 11854 4.5 1714 11.9 3721 10.2 4715 9.6 5469 8.8 6117 8.1
65 Years and Over 13404 5.0 211 1.5 912 2.5 1671 3.4 2421 3.9 3302 4.4
Worked During Year 2837 1.1 11 .1 50 .1 100 .2 151 .2 225 .3
Year-Round, Full-Time 1063 .4 3 .0 9 .0 14 .0 23 .0 42 .1
Not Year-Round, Full-Time 1774 .7 8 .1 40 .1 86 .2 128 .2 183 .2
Did Not Work 10567 4.0 200 1.4 862 2.4 1570 3.2 2271 3.7 3076 4.1
Work Experience
Female:
Under 16 Years of Age 30666 11.5 2928 20.3 6492 17.8 8289 16.8 10131 16.3 11949 15.8
16 to 64 Years 86726 32.6 5041 35.0 11910 32.6 15454 31.3 19170 30.8 23035 30.4
Worked During Year 64306 24.2 1767 12.3 5073 13.9 7248 14.7 9639 15.5 12309 16.2
Year-Round, Full-Time 35897 13.5 163 1.1 851 2.3 1722 3.5 2849 4.6 4170 5.5
Not Year-Round, Full-Time 28409 10.7 1604 11.1 4222 11.6 5526 11.2 6790 10.9 8139 10.7
Did Not Work 22420 8.4 3273 22.7 6837 18.7 8206 16.6 9531 15.3 10726 14.2
65 Years and Over 18474 6.9 461 3.2 2516 6.9 4191 8.5 5605 9.0 7226 9.5
Worked During Year 2133 .8 11 .1 50 .1 143 .3 252 .4 370 .5
Year-Round, Full-Time 559 .2 0 .0 3 .0 9 .0 23 .0 36 .0
Not Year-Round, Full-Time 1574 .6 11 .1 47 .1 134 .3 229 .4 334 .4
Did Not Work 16340 6.1 450 3.1 2466 6.8 4049 8.2 5354 8.6 6856 9.0

Contents for Group


TABLE 15. DISTRIBUTION of Persons by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics - 1996 (Numbers in thousands)
All Income Levels Below .50 Below 1.00 Below 1.25 Below 1.50 Below 1.75
NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist.
Education and Age
Total 266218 100.0 14412 100.0 36529 100.0 49310 100.0 62205 100.0 75783 100.0
Under 16 Years 68717 25.8 5798 40.2 13370 36.6 17088 34.7 20951 33.7 24966 32.9
16 to 24 Years 32800 12.3 2612 18.1 5872 16.1 7548 15.3 9254 14.9 10856 14.3
Enrolled 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0
Not Enrolled 32800 12.3 2612 18.1 5872 16.1 7548 15.3 9254 14.9 10856 14.3
No H.S. Diploma 13448 5.1 1457 10.1 3174 8.7 3937 8.0 4699 7.6 5337 7.0
25 Years and Over 164702 61.9 6002 41.6 17286 47.3 24674 50.0 32001 51.4 39961 52.7
No H.S. Diploma 30524 11.5 2281 15.8 7568 20.7 10606 21.5 13106 21.1 15592 20.6
High School Diploma or More 134177 50.4 3721 25.8 9719 26.6 14068 28.5 18895 30.4 24368 32.2
No College 57586 21.6 2109 14.6 5797 15.9 8324 16.9 11247 18.1 14398 19.0
Some College, No BA or
Higher Degree 35894 13.5 971 6.7 2572 7.0 3811 7.7 5124 8.2 6598 8.7
Completed BA or Higher
Degree 40697 15.3 640 4.4 1351 3.7 1933 3.9 2523 4.1 3373 4.5
Receipency and Participation
Status of Household
In Hhlds With Related Children
Under 18 Years 47168 17.7 8449 58.6 20530 56.2 25941 52.6 30863 49.6 35043 46.2
Hhld Received Cash Pub Asst 18191 6.8 4906 34.0 10802 29.6 12382 25.1 13533 21.8 14502 19.1
Hhld Received Food Stamps 21243 8.0 6476 44.9 14174 38.8 16587 33.6 17979 28.9 19147 25.3
Hhld Recd Pub or Subs Housing 8289 3.1 3013 20.9 5463 15.0 6249 12.7 6756 10.9 7177 9.5
Hhld Recd Free or Reduced Price
School Lunches 37024 13.9 6528 45.3 16300 44.6 20768 42.1 24948 40.1 28418 37.5
1+ Members Covered by Medicaid 34100 12.8 6900 47.9 16270 44.5 19629 39.8 22142 35.6 24361 32.1
In Hhlds With No Related Children
Under 18 Years 16634 6.2 1691 11.7 5351 14.6 7189 14.6 8537 13.7 9624 12.7
Hhld Received Cash Pub Asst 7600 2.9 670 4.6 2824 7.7 3675 7.5 4369 7.0 4897 6.5
Hhld Received Food Stamps 5317 2.0 993 6.9 2962 8.1 3654 7.4 4064 6.5 4343 5.7
Hhld REC D Pub or Subs Housing 3664 1.4 392 2.7 1459 4.0 1994 4.0 2400 3.9 2648 3.5
1+ Members Covered by Medicaid 12565 4.7 1216 8.4 4096 11.2 5322 10.8 6240 10.0 7064 9.3

Contents for Group


TABLE 15. DISTRIBUTION of Persons by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics - 1996 (Numbers in thousands)
All Income Levels Below .50 Below 1.00 Below 1.25 Below 1.50 Below 1.75
NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist. NumberPercent Dist.
Size of Household
1 Person 25436 9.6 1242 8.6 4464 12.2 6566 13.3 8279 13.3 10000 13.2
2 Persons 66874 25.1 2547 17.7 6535 17.9 9156 18.6 11941 19.2 14885 19.6
3 Persons 52566 19.7 2838 19.7 6580 18.0 8508 17.3 10507 16.9 12561 16.6
4 Persons 62442 23.5 3248 22.5 7307 20.0 9510 19.3 11847 19.0 14706 19.4
5 Persons 34182 12.8 2022 14.0 5202 14.2 7273 14.7 9232 14.8 11186 14.8
6 Persons 14080 5.3 1107 7.7 2896 7.9 3911 7.9 5068 8.1 6249 8.2
7 Persons 5472 2.1 670 4.6 1705 4.7 2064 4.2 2525 4.1 2955 3.9
8 Persons 2647 1.0 314 2.2 797 2.2 1052 2.1 1274 2.0 1526 2.0
9 or More Persons 2519 .9 425 2.9 1044 2.9 1270 2.6 1531 2.5 1714 2.3
Residence and Region
Total U.S 266218 100.0 14412 100.0 36529 100.0 49310 100.0 62205 100.0 75783 100.0
Metropolitan 213970 80.4 11403 79.1 28211 77.2 37532 76.1 47093 75.7 56991 75.2
Central City 79729 29.9 6629 46.0 15645 42.8 20185 40.9 24681 39.7 28953 38.2
Not Central City 134241 50.4 4773 33.1 12566 34.4 17347 35.2 22412 36.0 28039 37.0
Not Metropolitan 52248 19.6 3009 20.9 8318 22.8 11778 23.9 15112 24.3 18791 24.8
Northeast 51455 19.3 2850 19.8 6558 18.0 8707 17.7 10900 17.5 13042 17.2
Metropolitan 46018 17.3 2650 18.4 5976 16.4 7827 15.9 9707 15.6 11530 15.2
Central City 15765 5.9 1774 12.3 3879 10.6 4808 9.7 5710 9.2 6445 8.5
Not Central City 30253 11.4 876 6.1 2097 5.7 3019 6.1 3997 6.4 5084 6.7
Not Metropolitan 5437 2.0 201 1.4 582 1.6 880 1.8 1193 1.9 1513 2.0
Midwest 61940 23.3 2465 17.1 6654 18.2 9210 18.7 11899 19.1 14813 19.5
Metropolitan 46092 17.3 1826 12.7 4684 12.8 6335 12.8 8089 13.0 10007 13.2
Central City 16653 6.3 1252 8.7 2960 8.1 3772 7.6 4603 7.4 5461 7.2
Not Central City 29439 11.1 574 4.0 1724 4.7 2564 5.2 3486 5.6 4546 6.0
Not Metropolitan 15849 6.0 638 4.4 1970 5.4 2874 5.8 3810 6.1 4806 6.3
South 93123 35.0 5792 40.2 14098 38.6 19055 38.6 24034 38.6 29481 38.9
Metropolitan 70186 26.4 4162 28.9 9810 26.9 13061 26.5 16441 26.4 20044 26.4
Central City 25560 9.6 2166 15.0 4910 13.4 6434 13.0 7969 12.8 9473 12.5
Not Central City 44626 16.8 1996 13.9 4900 13.4 6628 13.4 8472 13.6 10570 13.9
Not Metropolitan 22936 8.6 1630 11.3 4288 11.7 5994 12.2 7593 12.2 9438 12.5
West 59700 22.4 3305 22.9 9219 25.2 12338 25.0 15372 24.7 18446 24.3
Metropolitan 51674 19.4 2765 19.2 7741 21.2 10309 20.9 12856 20.7 15411 20.3
Central City 21750 8.2 1438 10.0 3896 10.7 5172 10.5 6399 10.3 7573 10.0
Not Central City 29924 11.2 1327 9.2 3845 10.5 5136 10.4 6456 10.4 7838 10.3
Not Metropolitan 8026 3.0 540 3.7 1478 4.0 2029 4.1 2516 4.0 3035 4.0
Persons of Hispanic Origin Household Relationship

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Housing and Household Economic Statistics Information Staff at (301)763-3242
Last revised: July 28, 2004
URL: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/macro/031997/pov/15_000.htm