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TABLE 6. Current Residence Versus Residence One Year Ago Poverty Status In 1996 of Persons 1 Year Old or Over (Numbers in thousands)
All Races White Black Hispanic Origin
Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level
Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total
Persons 1 Year Old and Over Both Sexes Total 262442 35642 13.6 216633 24050 11.1 33567 9457 28.2 28901 8397 29.1
Move Within U.S 41895 9381 22.4 33142 6502 19.6 6575 2431 37.0 5828 2217 38.0
Now In Northeast 5753 1220 21.2 4592 806 17.5 915 383 41.9 730 305 41.8
Was In:
Northeast 5274 1143 21.7 4159 747 18.0 883 366 41.4 699 302 43.2
Midwest 94 20 21.5 90 18 20.1 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
South 255 38 14.8 225 27 11.9 20 11 54.6 16 3 15.9
West 131 20 15.1 119 13 11.3 12 6 51.9 14 0 .0
Now In Midwest 9243 1748 18.9 7717 1238 16.0 1223 470 38.4 489 176 36.0
Was In:
Northeast 107 17 15.6 84 9 11.0 7 7 100.0 2 0 .0
Midwest 8583 1636 19.1 7117 1144 16.1 1188 454 38.2 454 163 35.9
South 333 53 16.0 304 48 15.7 25 6 22.9 15 6 37.5
West 221 43 19.3 212 37 17.4 2 2 100.0 17 7 41.9
Now In South 15788 3677 23.3 11495 2215 19.3 3764 1338 35.6 2013 728 36.2
Was In:
Northeast 392 53 13.5 340 28 8.2 18 7 39.1 32 8 25.8
Midwest 492 69 13.9 430 65 15.1 42 4 9.1 27 18 64.8
South 14449 3488 24.1 10332 2062 20.0 3666 1325 36.1 1863 669 35.9
West 454 68 14.9 393 60 15.3 38 3 7.9 91 33 36.4
Now In West 11110 2735 24.6 9337 2244 24.0 673 240 35.6 2596 1008 38.8
Was In:
Northeast 99 23 23.4 87 22 25.7 0 0 (B) 7 0 .0
Midwest 228 32 13.8 220 29 13.1 1 0 .0 5 0 .0
South 353 113 32.0 274 85 31.0 37 0 .7 50 35 71.7
West 10430 2567 24.6 8757 2108 24.1 635 240 37.7 2535 972 38.3
Move From Outside U.S 1303 553 42.4 927 391 42.1 61 9 15.4 440 272 61.8
Did Not Move 219244 25708 11.7 182564 17157 9.4 26931 7016 26.1 22632 5908 26.1
Northeast 44806 5116 11.4 37741 3333 8.8 5465 1568 28.7 3823 1206 31.6
Midwest 51679 4699 9.1 45896 3398 7.4 4669 1156 24.8 1578 370 23.4
South 75577 9894 13.1 59257 5673 9.6 14584 3887 26.7 7144 1664 23.3
West 47181 5999 12.7 39669 4752 12.0 2214 405 18.3 10088 2667 26.4
Persons In Families Both Sexes Total 220193 26499 12.0 181108 17029 9.4 28392 7759 27.3 25630 7215 28.1
Move Within U.S 30953 6622 21.4 23956 4361 18.2 5285 1943 36.8 4807 1877 39.0
Now In Northeast 4084 840 20.6 3135 501 16.0 747 319 42.7 587 258 44.0
Was In:
Northeast 3745 800 21.4 2826 472 16.7 727 309 42.5 570 257 45.1
Midwest 58 7 12.7 56 5 9.4 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
South 170 19 11.1 155 16 10.2 8 3 38.8 6 0 .0
West 111 14 12.7 98 8 7.7 12 6 51.9 10 0 .0
Now In Midwest 6605 1132 17.1 5432 754 13.9 967 364 37.7 405 161 39.7
Was In:
Northeast 66 8 12.1 53 8 15.1 0 0 (B) 2 0 .0
Midwest 6154 1080 17.6 5005 706 14.1 957 362 37.8 380 151 39.7
South 244 27 10.9 234 24 10.3 10 3 26.8 12 6 47.1
West 141 18 12.4 141 17 11.9 0 0 (B) 11 4 40.7
Now In South 12126 2731 22.5 8663 1544 17.8 3061 1094 35.8 1657 614 37.1
Was In:
Northeast 273 34 12.6 233 15 6.3 7 2 21.1 22 8 37.4
Midwest 392 51 13.1 347 51 14.8 31 0 .0 24 18 72.2
South 11100 2598 23.4 7765 1439 18.5 2996 1090 36.4 1541 558 36.2
West 362 46 12.8 318 39 12.2 27 3 11.2 70 30 43.1
Now In West 8137 1919 23.6 6726 1562 23.2 509 166 32.5 2157 844 39.1
Was In:
Northeast 43 3 7.8 32 3 10.3 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 152 12 7.9 149 12 8.0 1 0 .0 3 0 .0
South 267 89 33.2 189 61 32.3 37 0 .0 43 32 74.3
West 7676 1815 23.6 6356 1486 23.4 471 166 35.1 2111 812 38.5
Move From Outside U.S 928 346 37.2 677 251 37.2 48 2 4.6 316 173 54.6
Did Not Move 188312 19532 10.4 156475 12416 7.9 23059 5813 25.2 20507 5165 25.2
Northeast 38191 3787 9.9 32076 2321 7.2 4680 1300 27.8 3356 1012 30.2
Midwest 44389 3396 7.7 39474 2345 5.9 3937 937 23.8 1435 316 22.0
South 65416 7663 11.7 51268 4105 8.0 12591 3267 25.9 6567 1449 22.1
West 40316 4686 11.6 33656 3645 10.8 1851 309 16.7 9149 2388 26.1
Persons In Married Couple Families Both Sexes Total 171567 11630 6.8 149670 9155 6.1 13568 1433 10.6 18383 3890 21.2
Move Within U.S 20354 2326 11.4 17136 1848 10.8 2037 286 14.0 2844 773 27.2
Now In Northeast 2571 217 8.5 2182 144 6.6 239 61 25.7 257 51 19.9
Was In:
Northeast 2313 208 9.0 1948 143 7.3 225 55 24.5 244 51 21.0
Midwest 42 2 5.1 40 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 131 1 .8 122 1 .9 2 0 .0 6 0 .0
West 85 6 7.6 72 0 .0 12 6 51.9 7 0 .0
Now In Midwest 4459 385 8.6 3992 357 8.9 359 26 7.3 260 71 27.1
Was In:
Northeast 58 8 13.6 46 8 17.5 0 0 (B) 2 0 .0
Midwest 4096 348 8.5 3645 320 8.8 355 26 7.3 242 63 25.9
South 191 12 6.4 187 12 6.5 4 0 .0 9 4 42.3
West 115 17 14.7 115 17 14.7 0 0 (B) 7 4 63.5
Now In South 7831 933 11.9 6379 714 11.2 1127 148 13.1 1080 289 26.8
Was In:
Northeast 225 22 9.8 194 10 5.1 6 2 26.8 14 8 56.6
Midwest 312 43 13.7 291 43 14.6 16 0 .0 23 18 76.8
South 7000 841 12.0 5637 641 11.4 1079 144 13.3 1002 250 24.9
West 295 27 9.2 257 21 8.1 27 3 11.2 40 14 34.4
Now In West 5492 791 14.4 4583 633 13.8 312 50 16.1 1248 362 29.0
Was In:
Northeast 39 3 8.5 30 3 11.0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 142 12 8.4 140 12 8.5 1 0 .0 3 0 .0
South 190 25 13.4 142 25 18.0 37 0 .0 17 8 47.3
West 5121 750 14.7 4272 592 13.9 274 50 18.3 1227 353 28.8
Move From Outside U.S 672 238 35.4 481 167 34.7 31 0 .0 170 92 54.3
Did Not Move 150540 9066 6.0 132053 7141 5.4 11499 1147 10.0 15369 3025 19.7
Northeast 30130 1585 5.3 26627 1181 4.4 2305 295 12.8 1943 321 16.5
Midwest 36394 1472 4.0 33694 1217 3.6 1902 192 10.1 1088 180 16.6
South 51385 3298 6.4 43892 2481 5.7 6187 623 10.1 5215 929 17.8
West 32632 2712 8.3 27840 2262 8.1 1105 37 3.4 7122 1595 22.4
Persons In Families With Female Householder- No Spouse Present Both Sexes Total 37912 13373 35.3 23380 6839 29.3 12914 5950 46.1 5509 2919 53.0
Move Within U.S 8260 3859 46.7 5110 2212 43.3 2810 1537 54.7 1467 970 66.1
Now In Northeast 1116 583 52.2 709 334 47.1 390 242 62.1 271 205 75.7
Was In:
Northeast 1065 559 52.5 660 314 47.5 387 239 61.8 270 204 75.6
Midwest 10 2 23.5 10 2 23.5 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
South 32 13 41.7 29 10 35.6 3 3 100.0 0 0 (B)
West 9 8 84.9 9 8 84.9 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In Midwest 1678 679 40.5 1054 339 32.2 551 330 59.8 116 80 68.9
Was In:
Northeast 7 0 .0 7 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 1631 670 41.1 1011 333 33.0 548 327 59.7 111 78 70.0
South 24 8 35.0 21 6 27.7 3 3 100.0 2 2 100.0
West 16 1 4.7 15 0 .0 0 0 (B) 3 0 .0
Now In South 3505 1633 46.6 1747 732 41.9 1708 879 51.4 450 283 63.0
Was In:
Northeast 36 8 21.6 28 0 .0 0 0 (B) 7 0 .0
Midwest 62 9 14.0 45 9 19.3 7 0 .0 1 0 .0
South 3359 1597 47.5 1627 705 43.3 1701 879 51.7 412 267 64.9
West 49 19 39.7 48 18 38.0 0 0 (B) 30 16 54.9
Now In West 1961 964 49.2 1601 807 50.4 162 87 53.9 630 401 63.8
Was In:
Northeast 2 0 .0 2 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 9 0 .0 8 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 67 61 91.4 39 33 85.9 0 0 (B) 23 21 92.0
West 1884 903 48.0 1552 774 49.8 162 87 53.9 607 380 62.7
Move From Outside U.S 150 72 48.2 105 51 48.3 11 2 20.2 69 47 67.7
Did Not Move 29502 9442 32.0 18164 4577 25.2 10092 4410 43.7 3973 1902 47.9
Northeast 6437 2041 31.7 4170 1040 24.9 2085 945 45.3 1209 657 54.3
Midwest 6279 1746 27.8 4365 992 22.7 1793 714 39.8 249 126 50.9
South 11197 3990 35.6 5430 1415 26.1 5588 2490 44.6 1045 456 43.6
West 5589 1665 29.8 4199 1130 26.9 626 262 41.8 1471 663 45.1
Unrelated Individuals Both Sexes Total 40727 8452 20.8 34247 6463 18.9 4989 1606 32.2 2985 1066 35.7
Move Within U.S 10317 2461 23.9 8633 1897 22.0 1233 448 36.3 910 288 31.7
Now In Northeast 1593 374 23.5 1390 301 21.7 163 64 39.4 129 46 36.1
Was In:
Northeast 1452 337 23.2 1266 272 21.5 151 57 37.4 115 44 38.4
Midwest 36 13 35.8 34 13 37.9 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 84 19 22.2 70 11 15.7 12 8 65.0 10 3 26.2
West 20 6 28.6 20 6 28.6 0 0 (B) 5 0 .0
Now In Midwest 2444 529 21.6 2106 408 19.4 245 100 40.9 75 8 11.0
Was In:
Northeast 41 9 21.1 31 1 4.1 7 7 100.0 0 0 (B)
Midwest 2257 485 21.5 1949 376 19.3 225 87 38.8 69 8 11.2
South 70 13 18.4 57 10 17.2 10 3 30.2 3 0 .0
West 75 23 30.1 69 20 29.1 2 2 100.0 2 0 21.0
Now In South 3464 832 24.0 2681 597 22.3 660 209 31.6 343 105 30.7
Was In:
Northeast 119 19 15.6 107 13 12.4 10 5 51.7 10 0 .0
Midwest 96 13 13.1 79 9 11.0 11 4 35.8 3 0 .0
South 3156 780 24.7 2421 554 22.9 628 199 31.8 310 103 33.1
West 93 21 22.9 75 21 28.3 11 0 .0 20 3 13.5
Now In West 2817 726 25.8 2455 591 24.1 164 74 45.3 363 128 35.3
Was In:
Northeast 57 20 35.2 55 19 34.7 0 0 (B) 7 0 .0
Midwest 77 20 25.6 71 17 23.7 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
South 85 23 27.2 84 23 27.1 0 0 100.0 7 4 55.7
West 2598 663 25.5 2245 532 23.7 164 74 45.2 348 124 35.7
Move From Outside U.S 361 199 55.0 236 130 55.2 13 7 55.5 122 97 79.7
Did Not Move 30049 5792 19.3 25378 4436 17.5 3743 1151 30.8 1954 680 34.8
Northeast 6480 1286 19.8 5551 977 17.6 766 263 34.3 452 186 41.2
Midwest 7048 1173 16.6 6216 943 15.2 716 206 28.8 132 46 34.6
South 9909 2115 21.3 7842 1498 19.1 1899 586 30.9 555 204 36.7
West 6611 1219 18.4 5769 1018 17.6 363 96 26.4 815 245 30.0
Family Householders Both Sexes Total 70241 7708 11.0 58934 5059 8.6 8455 2206 26.1 6631 1748 26.4
Move Within U.S 9297 1948 21.0 7363 1300 17.7 1476 553 37.5 1291 492 38.1
Now In Northeast 1236 241 19.5 975 152 15.6 199 80 40.4 156 65 41.6
Was In:
Northeast 1134 229 20.2 880 142 16.2 192 78 40.6 151 64 42.2
Midwest 23 1 4.4 23 1 4.4 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
South 53 8 14.7 50 8 15.7 2 0 .0 1 0 .0
West 27 3 12.0 22 1 3.7 5 2 53.1 2 0 .0
Now In Midwest 2047 348 17.0 1705 238 14.0 280 106 37.8 127 46 36.1
Was In:
Northeast 24 2 8.4 19 2 10.3 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
Midwest 1916 332 17.3 1583 224 14.1 275 105 38.0 122 44 35.6
South 72 11 15.1 68 10 14.3 4 1 27.0 1 1 100.0
West 36 3 9.3 35 3 8.4 0 0 (B) 2 1 50.1
Now In South 3662 808 22.1 2646 444 16.8 900 331 36.8 452 164 36.2
Was In:
Northeast 88 12 13.6 72 6 7.7 4 0 .0 6 2 25.0
Midwest 125 14 11.1 104 14 13.3 16 0 .0 8 3 36.1
South 3361 772 23.0 2389 417 17.4 875 331 37.8 418 151 36.1
West 88 10 11.0 80 8 10.4 4 0 .0 19 8 42.8
Now In West 2351 551 23.5 2038 465 22.8 98 36 36.8 557 218 39.1
Was In:
Northeast 11 0 .0 8 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 43 3 7.7 43 3 7.7 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
South 71 22 31.3 60 19 31.7 6 0 .0 13 8 63.3
West 2226 526 23.6 1927 443 23.0 92 36 39.0 543 210 38.6
Move From Outside U.S 212 76 36.1 149 56 37.9 16 0 .0 50 27 54.3
Did Not Move 60732 5684 9.4 51422 3703 7.2 6964 1653 23.7 5290 1229 23.2
Northeast 12134 1130 9.3 10407 715 6.9 1358 361 26.6 925 280 30.2
Midwest 14379 1030 7.2 12905 733 5.7 1221 272 22.3 362 77 21.2
South 21679 2301 10.6 17466 1297 7.4 3797 933 24.6 1780 358 20.1
West 12539 1223 9.8 10644 957 9.0 588 87 14.7 2223 514 23.1
Householders In Married Couple Families Both Sexes Total 53604 3010 5.6 47650 2416 5.1 3851 352 9.1 4520 815 18.0
Move Within U.S 5878 561 9.5 5069 447 8.8 506 62 12.2 728 172 23.6
Now In Northeast 760 53 7.0 667 37 5.5 53 13 24.1 65 12 18.8
Was In:
Northeast 681 51 7.4 594 37 6.2 48 10 21.3 61 12 19.9
Midwest 17 0 .0 17 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 38 0 .0 38 0 .0 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
West 24 2 10.1 19 0 .0 5 2 53.1 2 0 .0
Now In Midwest 1313 97 7.4 1190 90 7.5 91 6 7.1 76 16 21.6
Was In:
Northeast 20 2 10.2 15 2 13.2 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
Midwest 1203 86 7.2 1084 79 7.3 91 6 7.1 72 14 19.6
South 56 5 9.6 56 5 9.6 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
West 34 3 8.6 34 3 8.6 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
Now In South 2277 220 9.7 1877 168 9.0 310 34 10.9 274 59 21.4
Was In:
Northeast 72 7 9.7 59 3 5.4 3 0 .0 2 2 62.6
Midwest 99 10 10.0 89 10 11.1 8 0 .0 8 3 36.1
South 2038 200 9.8 1667 151 9.1 295 34 11.4 253 51 20.3
West 68 4 5.9 62 4 6.5 4 0 .0 10 3 24.7
Now In West 1529 191 12.5 1335 152 11.4 52 9 17.0 313 85 27.0
Was In:
Northeast 11 0 .0 8 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 41 3 8.1 41 3 8.1 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
South 55 10 18.4 48 10 21.4 6 0 .0 8 4 45.1
West 1421 177 12.5 1239 139 11.2 46 9 19.0 304 81 26.6
Move From Outside U.S 157 47 30.2 112 34 30.9 12 0 .0 23 7 33.1
Did Not Move 47569 2401 5.0 42470 1934 4.6 3334 290 8.7 3770 636 16.9
Northeast 9340 432 4.6 8426 332 3.9 621 65 10.5 503 81 16.0
Midwest 11572 426 3.7 10788 357 3.3 597 60 10.0 263 40 15.0
South 16792 927 5.5 14680 728 5.0 1775 156 8.8 1371 210 15.3
West 9865 617 6.2 8575 517 6.0 340 9 2.6 1633 306 18.7
Householders In Families With Female Householder- No Spouse Present Both Sexes Total 12790 4167 32.6 8339 2276 27.3 3947 1724 43.7 1617 823 50.9
Move Within U.S 2652 1237 46.6 1727 746 43.2 829 454 54.7 428 281 65.6
Now In Northeast 348 172 49.4 225 104 46.4 114 64 55.6 73 52 70.7
Was In:
Northeast 334 165 49.3 211 97 46.1 114 64 55.6 72 51 70.3
Midwest 3 1 34.0 3 1 34.0 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
South 10 5 53.2 10 5 53.2 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
West 1 1 67.8 1 1 67.8 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In Midwest 578 230 39.7 389 128 32.8 169 99 58.7 38 24 61.7
Was In:
Northeast 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 568 226 39.8 380 125 32.9 168 98 58.4 38 24 61.7
South 5 3 63.3 4 2 52.7 1 1 100.0 0 0 (B)
West 0 0 100.0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In South 1104 527 47.7 574 241 42.1 507 272 53.5 136 91 66.5
Was In:
Northeast 14 3 19.5 11 0 .0 0 0 (B) 4 0 .0
Midwest 19 4 20.7 13 4 31.5 4 0 .0 0 0 (B)
South 1055 514 48.7 536 233 43.5 503 272 54.0 124 85 68.6
West 15 6 36.6 14 4 30.5 0 0 (B) 9 6 64.2
Now In West 622 309 49.6 539 273 50.5 38 19 50.4 180 115 63.7
Was In:
Northeast 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 2 0 .0 2 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 12 11 89.9 9 8 86.2 0 0 (B) 4 3 93.7
West 608 298 49.0 529 265 50.1 38 19 50.4 177 111 63.1
Move From Outside U.S 40 23 57.4 24 16 67.5 3 0 .0 17 14 81.0
Did Not Move 10098 2907 28.8 6589 1515 23.0 3116 1270 40.8 1173 529 45.1
Northeast 2201 641 29.1 1494 344 23.0 649 279 43.0 363 191 52.6
Midwest 2133 530 24.8 1551 321 20.7 536 199 37.1 67 32 47.2
South 3817 1228 32.2 2039 488 23.9 1727 719 41.7 318 128 40.2
West 1947 508 26.1 1505 362 24.1 204 73 35.8 425 179 42.0

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Housing and Household Economic Statistics Information Staff at (301)763-3242
Last revised: July 28, 2004
URL: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/macro/031997/pov/6_000.htm