There is also additional background information for this table group.
Contents for Group


Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                1
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     ALL RACES                            102528      7256       7.1      1683      10.1     17744 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                  82122      5456       6.6      1694      10.2     13170 
  Inside central cities...........         31907      3325      10.4      1707      10.4      7565 
    One million or more...........         20310      2130      10.5      1741      10.5      4727 
    Under one million.............         11597      1194      10.3      1646      10.2      2839 
  Outside central cities..........         50215      2131       4.2      1674       9.7      5604 
    One million or more...........         34357      1332       3.9      1698       9.8      3385 
    Under one million.............         15858       799       5.0      1635       9.7      2219 
Outside metropolitan areas........         20406      1801       8.8      1650       9.9      4575 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................         19810      1549       7.8      1611      10.8      3501 
Midwest...........................         24236      1442       5.9      1683      10.1      3478 
South.............................         36578      2839       7.8      1666       9.9      6951 
West..............................         21905      1426       6.5      1797       9.8      3814 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................         67873      1875       2.8      1506       9.8      4617 
Renter occupied...................         34655      5382      15.5      1745      10.2     13128 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                2
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................         81031      6256       7.7      1820       9.9     16415 
  15 to 24 years..................          5435       853      15.7      1889       9.4      2135 
  25 to 34 years..................         19033      1936      10.2      2230       9.9      6180 
  35 to 44 years..................         23943      1705       7.1      1831      10.0      4735 
  45 to 54 years..................         19547      1040       5.3      1423       9.8      2193 
  55 to 64 years..................         13072       721       5.5      1186      10.5      1172 
65 years and over.................         21497      1000       4.7       827      11.4      1329 
  65 to 74 years..................         11272       532       4.7       917      11.3       746 
  75 years and over...............         10226       469       4.6       726      11.4       583 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              48.6      42.9       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................        102528      7256       7.1      1683      10.1     17744 
  Worked..........................         73415      3457       4.7      1784       9.1      9615 
    Worked year-round, full-time..         53665      1117       2.1      1522       9.0      3069 
  Did not work....................         29113      3799      13.0      1592      11.0      8129 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........         81014      6249       7.7      1820       9.9     16408 
  No work disability..............         71659      3958       5.5      2027       9.6     11633 
  With a work disability..........          9355      2291      24.5      1463      10.5      4776 
    severe work disability........          5946      1936      32.6      1389      10.7      3878 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                3
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................         70880      5368       7.6      2025      10.0     15646 
  Married-couple families.........         54317      1687       3.1      1786       9.2      5413 
  Male householder, wife absent...          3911       372       9.5      1766       9.4       989 
  Female householder, husband absent.      12652      3308      26.1      2177      10.4      9245 
Nonfamily households..............         31648      1888       6.0       711      10.4      2098 
  Male householder................         14133       665       4.7       809      10.0       814 
    Living alone..................         11010       493       4.5       601      10.1       493 
  Female householders.............         17516      1223       7.0       657      10.6      1284 
    Living alone..................         15317      1137       7.4       612      10.7      1137 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                4
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................         56153      2279       4.1       753      10.4      2640 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                   46039      4893      10.6      2113      10.0     14885 
  Child under 18 years..............       37427      4622      12.3      2168      10.0     14452 
    All under 6 years...............        9284      1161      12.5      1817       9.3      2924 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        7881      1525      19.4      2631      10.1      6000 
    All 6 to 17 years...............       20262      1936       9.6      2015      10.2      5528 
  One child.......................         15593      1429       9.2      1473       9.7      2882 
    Under 6 years.................          5929       654      11.0      1512       9.2      1346 
    6 to 17 years.................          9664       775       8.0      1440      10.1      1536 
  Two or more children............         21834      3193      14.6      2480      10.1     11570 
    All under 6 years.............          3354       506      15.1      2211       9.6      1578 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          7881      1525      19.4      2631      10.1      6000 
    All 6 to 17 years.............         10598      1161      11.0      2399      10.3      3992 
  Mean children...................          1.87      2.28       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........         14778      1044       7.1      1934      10.2      2692 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................           536       147      27.4      2168       9.7       455 
  All under 6 years...............           132        49      36.9      2154       8.8       127 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............            69        30      43.3      2372      10.4       115 
  All 6 to 17 years...............           335        68      20.3      2089      10.0       213 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................         78604      6125       7.8      1830       9.9     16173 
One or more elderly...............         23924      1132       4.7       892      11.2      1571 
  All members elderly.............         16498       720       4.4       548      11.6       778 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..      5667       284       5.0      1579      10.8       563 
  Elderly other relative only.....          1416       107       7.5      1248      10.0       189 
  Elderly nonrelative only........           155         3       2.1      4415      12.0        15 
Total number of children..........         69844     10547      15.1       (x)       (x)     10547 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                5
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     ALL RACES                             12960      4924      38.0      1902      10.5     12711 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                   9806      3703      37.8      1910      10.5      9425 
  Inside central cities...........          5500      2328      42.3      1876      10.7      5618 
    One million or more...........          3558      1482      41.7      1904      10.9      3534 
    Under one million.............          1942       846      43.5      1826      10.3      2084 
  Outside central cities..........          4306      1375      31.9      1968      10.2      3808 
    One million or more...........          2715       862      31.8      1984      10.1      2335 
    Under one million.............          1591       513      32.3      1941      10.3      1472 
Outside metropolitan areas........          3154      1221      38.7      1878      10.5      3286 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................          2504      1080      43.1      1812      11.1      2531 
Midwest...........................          2576       943      36.6      1886      10.6      2359 
South.............................          5135      1968      38.3      1872      10.3      5082 
West..............................          2744       933      34.0      2086      10.3      2739 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................          4640      1003      21.6      1747      10.4      2674 
Renter occupied...................          8320      3921      47.1      1942      10.5     10037 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                6
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................         10192      4330      42.5      2054      10.4     11928 
  15 to 24 years..................          1622       609      37.5      2127       9.9      1598 
  25 to 34 years..................          2751      1424      51.7      2504      10.4      4719 
  35 to 44 years..................          2646      1175      44.4      2051      10.3      3415 
  45 to 54 years..................          1646       647      39.3      1598      10.4      1420 
  55 to 64 years..................          1526       475      31.2      1243      11.0       777 
65 years and over.................          2769       594      21.5       793      11.5       783 
  65 to 74 years..................          1262       300      23.8       891      11.5       416 
  75 years and over...............          1507       294      19.5       692      11.6       367 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              46.4      41.8       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................         12960      4924      38.0      1902      10.5     12711 
  Worked..........................          5590      2007      35.9      2116       9.7      6121 
    Worked year-round, full-time..          1597       394      24.7      1910       9.5      1272 
  Did not work....................          7370      2916      39.6      1755      11.0      6590 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........         10185      4324      42.5      2054      10.4     11923 
  No work disability..............          6968      2605      37.4      2387      10.2      8274 
  With a work disability..........          3217      1719      53.4      1551      10.6      3649 
    severe work disability........          2642      1469      55.6      1469      10.7      3001 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                7
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          7324      3529      48.2      2374      10.5     11194 
  Married-couple families.........          2821       871      30.9      2150       9.9      3167 
  Male householder, wife absent...           507       199      39.2      2151       9.9       590 
  Female householder, husband absent.       3995      2460      61.6      2472      10.7      7437 
Nonfamily households..............          5636      1394      24.7       707      10.6      1518 
  Male householder................          2010       465      23.2       800      10.2       539 
    Living alone..................          1572       378      24.0       631      10.2       378 
  Female householders.............          3626       929      25.6       660      10.8       979 
    Living alone..................          3179       870      27.4       626      10.9       870 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                8
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (ALL RACES) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................          6601      1538      23.3       754      10.6      1751 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    6296      3350      53.2      2432      10.5     10887 
  Child under 18 years..............        5884      3244      55.1      2461      10.5     10701 
    All under 6 years...............        1470       772      52.5      2023       9.9      2023 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        1873      1166      62.2      2890      10.6      4792 
    All 6 to 17 years...............        2541      1306      51.4      2338      10.7      3886 
  One child.......................          1881       889      47.3      1674      10.1      1802 
    Under 6 years.................           853       409      47.9      1681       9.7       855 
    6 to 17 years.................          1028       480      46.7      1669      10.5       947 
  Two or more children............          4003      2355      58.8      2758      10.6      8899 
    All under 6 years.............           618       363      58.8      2407      10.0      1168 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          1873      1166      62.2      2890      10.6      4792 
    All 6 to 17 years.............          1513       826      54.6      2727      10.8      2939 
  Mean children...................          2.28      2.41       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........          1191       516      43.3      2322      10.7      1559 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................           121        73      60.4      2332       9.5       229 
  All under 6 years...............            42        33      79.8      2557       9.1        89 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............            15         9      58.0      2875       9.5        31 
  All 6 to 17 years...............            65        31      48.4      1939       9.9       109 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................          9996      4289      42.9      2057      10.4     11836 
One or more elderly...............          2964       634      21.4       853      11.4       876 
  All members elderly.............          2285       473      20.7       507      11.6       484 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..       523       125      24.0      1958      11.3       309 
  Elderly other relative only.....            88        27      31.0      1414       9.2        59 
  Elderly nonrelative only........            50         3       6.6      4415      12.0        15 
Total number of children..........         13422      7805      58.2       (x)       (x)      7805 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                                9
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     WHITE                                 86106      4721       5.5      1564       9.9     11487 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                  67800      3385       5.0      1565      10.1      8093 
  Inside central cities...........         23175      1768       7.6      1557      10.4      3925 
    One million or more...........         13918      1024       7.4      1585      10.5      2194 
    Under one million.............          9258       745       8.0      1518      10.2      1731 
  Outside central cities..........         44624      1616       3.6      1574       9.7      4168 
    One million or more...........         30179       980       3.2      1592       9.8      2436 
    Under one million.............         14446       636       4.4      1548       9.5      1732 
Outside metropolitan areas........         18307      1336       7.3      1562       9.7      3394 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................         16926      1015       6.0      1502      10.7      2256 
Midwest...........................         21465       935       4.4      1547       9.9      2262 
South.............................         28948      1632       5.6      1505       9.7      3978 
West..............................         18767      1139       6.1      1718       9.7      2991 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................         60050      1383       2.3      1459       9.6      3479 
Renter occupied...................         26056      3338      12.8      1608      10.1      8008 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               10
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................         66910      4048       6.0      1695       9.7     10632 
  15 to 24 years..................          4242       503      11.9      1768       9.1      1293 
  25 to 34 years..................         15344      1304       8.5      2016       9.7      4063 
  35 to 44 years..................         19761      1043       5.3      1763       9.7      3001 
  45 to 54 years..................         16400       707       4.3      1349       9.6      1496 
  55 to 64 years..................         11163       491       4.4      1121      10.6       778 
65 years and over.................         19196       673       3.5       778      11.4       855 
  65 to 74 years..................          9917       346       3.5       871      11.4       481 
  75 years and over...............          9279       327       3.5       680      11.5       374 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              49.2      43.4       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................         86106      4721       5.5      1564       9.9     11487 
  Worked..........................         61469      2252       3.7      1629       8.8      6266 
    Worked year-round, full-time..         45226       757       1.7      1440       8.7      2175 
  Did not work....................         24637      2469      10.0      1505      11.0      5221 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........         66901      4047       6.0      1695       9.7     10630 
  No work disability..............         59689      2536       4.2      1876       9.3      7498 
  With a work disability..........          7212      1511      20.9      1391      10.4      3132 
    severe work disability........          4394      1267      28.8      1317      10.7      2535 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               11
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................         59511      3436       5.8      1891       9.8     10050 
  Married-couple families.........         48066      1368       2.8      1706       9.0      4381 
  Male householder, wife absent...          3137       269       8.6      1777       9.5       762 
  Female householder, husband absent.       8308      1799      21.6      2050      10.4      4906 
Nonfamily households..............         26596      1285       4.8       690      10.5      1437 
  Male householder................         11725       409       3.5       826       9.9       519 
    Living alone..................          9018       272       3.0       599      10.0       272 
  Female householders.............         14871       876       5.9       626      10.7       918 
    Living alone..................         12980       809       6.2       590      10.8       809 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               12
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................         48648      1562       3.2       738      10.4      1834 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                   37174      3103       8.3      1975       9.7      9497 
  Child under 18 years..............       30060      2931       9.7      2019       9.7      9209 
    All under 6 years...............        7630       817      10.7      1755       9.1      2133 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        6177       951      15.4      2429       9.9      3778 
    All 6 to 17 years...............       16253      1162       7.2      1869       9.9      3298 
  One child.......................         12581       966       7.7      1451       9.5      2007 
    Under 6 years.................          4805       452       9.4      1481       9.0       966 
    6 to 17 years.................          7776       514       6.6      1425       9.9      1041 
  Two or more children............         17479      1965      11.2      2297       9.8      7202 
    All under 6 years.............          2825       365      12.9      2094       9.3      1167 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          6177       951      15.4      2429       9.9      3778 
    All 6 to 17 years.............          8477       649       7.7      2220       9.9      2258 
  Mean children...................          1.84      2.21       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........         11788       641       5.4      1830      10.1      1634 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................           437       104      23.7      1946       9.3       331 
  All under 6 years...............            98        30      30.8      1663       8.5        72 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............            57        22      38.7      2535      10.3        92 
  All 6 to 17 years...............           282        52      18.3      1861       9.4       167 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................         64978      3950       6.1      1704       9.7     10443 
One or more elderly...............         21128       770       3.6       849      11.3      1044 
  All members elderly.............         15026       510       3.4       564      11.6       559 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..      4774       172       3.6      1429      10.9       312 
  Elderly other relative only.....          1065        78       7.4      1236      10.3       145 
  Elderly nonrelative only........           127         3       2.6      4415      12.0        15 
Total number of children..........         55295      6467      11.7       (x)       (x)      6467 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               13
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     WHITE                                  9257      3145      34.0      1778      10.4      8002 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                   6724      2255      33.5      1784      10.4      5644 
  Inside central cities...........          3269      1233      37.7      1707      10.6      2873 
    One million or more...........          1997       716      35.8      1743      10.8      1643 
    Under one million.............          1271       517      40.7      1657      10.3      1230 
  Outside central cities..........          3455      1022      29.6      1877      10.3      2771 
    One million or more...........          2137       625      29.2      1883      10.2      1649 
    Under one million.............          1318       398      30.2      1867      10.3      1122 
Outside metropolitan areas........          2533       890      35.1      1763      10.4      2359 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................          1772       698      39.4      1680      11.1      1587 
Midwest...........................          1918       604      31.5      1739      10.3      1496 
South.............................          3338      1105      33.1      1691      10.1      2799 
West..............................          2230       738      33.1      2034      10.3      2120 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................          3741       747      20.0      1698      10.2      1996 
Renter occupied...................          5516      2398      43.5      1803      10.5      6007 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               14
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................          7122      2753      38.6      1928      10.2      7529 
  15 to 24 years..................          1105       340      30.8      2039       9.7       916 
  25 to 34 years..................          1873       929      49.6      2288      10.2      2990 
  35 to 44 years..................          1808       712      39.4      2012      10.1      2136 
  45 to 54 years..................          1224       453      37.0      1502      10.2       993 
  55 to 64 years..................          1112       319      28.7      1175      11.1       494 
65 years and over.................          2135       392      18.4       727      11.6       473 
  65 to 74 years..................           921       197      21.4       847      11.6       262 
  75 years and over...............          1214       196      16.1       607      11.7       211 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              47.4      42.4       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................          9257      3145      34.0      1778      10.4      8002 
  Worked..........................          4016      1280      31.9      1949       9.5      3876 
    Worked year-round, full-time..          1206       266      22.0      1767       9.3       884 
  Did not work....................          5241      1865      35.6      1660      11.0      4126 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........          7121      2753      38.7      1928      10.2      7529 
  No work disability..............          4913      1621      33.0      2233       9.9      5152 
  With a work disability..........          2208      1131      51.2      1490      10.6      2377 
    severe work disability........          1785       966      54.1      1397      10.8      1953 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               15
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          4990      2200      44.1      2244      10.3      6970 
  Married-couple families.........          2312       712      30.8      2045       9.7      2554 
  Male householder, wife absent...           374       142      38.1      2196      10.3       447 
  Female householder, husband absent.       2305      1345      58.4      2355      10.6      3969 
Nonfamily households..............          4267       945      22.2       693      10.7      1032 
  Male householder................          1415       275      19.4       823      10.4       325 
    Living alone..................          1063       209      19.7       668      10.4       209 
  Female householders.............          2852       671      23.5       640      10.8       708 
    Living alone..................          2490       623      25.0       607      10.9       623 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               16
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (WHITE) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................          5053      1066      21.1       741      10.6      1237 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    4165      2061      49.5      2315      10.3      6725 
  Child under 18 years..............        3895      1994      51.2      2340      10.3      6609 
    All under 6 years...............        1096       552      50.4      1999       9.9      1504 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        1196       715      59.8      2705      10.4      2944 
    All 6 to 17 years...............        1604       727      45.3      2241      10.5      2161 
  One child.......................          1316       592      44.9      1710      10.1      1253 
    Under 6 years.................           635       289      45.6      1692       9.9       627 
    6 to 17 years.................           682       302      44.3      1728      10.4       626 
  Two or more children............          2579      1402      54.4      2606      10.3      5356 
    All under 6 years.............           461       263      57.0      2338       9.8       877 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          1196       715      59.8      2705      10.4      2944 
    All 6 to 17 years.............           922       425      46.0      2606      10.6      1535 
  Mean children...................          2.20      2.33       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........           755       310      41.1      2205      10.6       922 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................            86        49      56.8      2208       9.4       159 
  All under 6 years...............            26        17      67.3      2135       9.1        37 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............            13         7      51.4      3401      10.2        29 
  All 6 to 17 years...............            47        25      52.6      1938       9.3        94 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................          6969      2721      39.0      1932      10.2      7449 
One or more elderly...............          2288       425      18.6       792      11.5       553 
  All members elderly.............          1842       335      18.2       545      11.7       347 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..       337        63      18.6      1736      11.5       136 
  Elderly other relative only.....            64        23      36.3      1287       8.7        56 
  Elderly nonrelative only........            40         3       8.3      4415      12.0        15 
Total number of children..........          8584      4652      54.2       (x)       (x)      4652 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               17
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     BLACK                                 12474      2260      18.1      1891      10.3      5475 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                  10761      1853      17.2      1895      10.3      4455 
  Inside central cities...........          7033      1413      20.1      1868      10.4      3228 
    One million or more...........          5157      1004      19.5      1901      10.5      2276 
    Under one million.............          1876       409      21.8      1786      10.3       952 
  Outside central cities..........          3728       440      11.8      1983       9.8      1227 
    One million or more...........          2727       306      11.2      2012       9.7       823 
    Under one million.............          1002       134      13.4      1916      10.2       404 
Outside metropolitan areas........          1713       407      23.8      1871      10.6      1020 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................          2286       489      21.4      1839      10.8      1145 
Midwest...........................          2288       473      20.7      1911      10.4      1100 
South.............................          6814      1155      17.0      1904      10.2      2869 
West..............................          1086       143      13.2      1891       9.9       361 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................          5735       436       7.6      1584      10.3       967 
Renter occupied...................          6739      1824      27.1      1964      10.3      4508 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               18
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................         10595      1965      18.5      2036      10.2      5044 
  15 to 24 years..................           935       323      34.6      2072       9.9       773 
  25 to 34 years..................          2752       566      20.6      2663      10.4      1861 
  35 to 44 years..................          3096       577      18.6      1984      10.3      1521 
  45 to 54 years..................          2371       286      12.1      1430      10.0       529 
  55 to 64 years..................          1441       213      14.8      1269      10.2       360 
65 years and over.................          1878       295      15.7       925      11.2       431 
  65 to 74 years..................          1123       166      14.7       968      11.3       240 
  75 years and over...............           755       130      17.2       870      11.0       191 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              45.4      42.0       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................         12474      2260      18.1      1891      10.3      5475 
  Worked..........................          8855      1082      12.2      2057       9.6      2957 
    Worked year-round, full-time..          6141       311       5.1      1642       9.3       757 
  Did not work....................          3619      1178      32.6      1739      11.0      2518 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........         10588      1960      18.5      2036      10.2      5039 
  No work disability..............          8788      1251      14.2      2283      10.1      3562 
  With a work disability..........          1799       709      39.4      1602      10.5      1477 
    severe work disability........          1340       600      44.8      1525      10.5      1183 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               19
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          8408      1709      20.3      2259      10.3      4884 
  Married-couple families.........          3921       228       5.8      1952      10.0       700 
  Male householder, wife absent...           562        76      13.6      1760       8.7       161 
  Female householder, husband absent.       3926      1405      35.8      2336      10.5      4023 
Nonfamily households..............          4066       551      13.6       750      10.4       591 
  Male householder................          1876       227      12.1       772      10.1       248 
    Living alone..................          1594       202      12.7       620      10.1       202 
  Female householders.............          2190       324      14.8       734      10.5       343 
    Living alone..................          1982       311      15.7       663      10.5       311 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               20
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................          5710       647      11.3       772      10.2       727 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    6725      1594      23.7      2343      10.4      4711 
  Child under 18 years..............        5647      1513      26.8      2414      10.4      4592 
    All under 6 years...............        1201       306      25.5      1944       9.8       683 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        1353       512      37.8      2963      10.4      1967 
    All 6 to 17 years...............        3093       694      22.5      2216      10.7      1942 
  One child.......................          2261       418      18.5      1527      10.0       785 
    Under 6 years.................           817       187      22.9      1571       9.3       349 
    6 to 17 years.................          1444       231      16.0      1492      10.5       436 
  Two or more children............          3386      1095      32.3      2753      10.6      3807 
    All under 6 years.............           384       119      31.0      2528      10.4       334 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          1353       512      37.8      2963      10.4      1967 
    All 6 to 17 years.............          1649       463      28.1      2577      10.8      1506 
  Mean children...................          1.95      2.31       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........          2247       354      15.7      2067      10.2       900 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................            78        32      41.0      2827      10.5        91 
  All under 6 years...............            26        15      59.6      3177       8.9        45 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............             7         2      36.1      2209      12.0         7 
  All 6 to 17 years...............            46        14      31.4      2561      12.0        39 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................         10305      1935      18.8      2048      10.2      4999 
One or more elderly...............          2169       325      15.0       955      11.0       477 
  All members elderly.............          1216       188      15.4       465      11.6       192 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..       705       101      14.4      1819      10.4       231 
  Elderly other relative only.....           176        25      14.3      1160       9.1        39 
  Elderly nonrelative only........            26         0       0.0         0       0.0         0 
Total number of children..........         10996      3497      31.8       (x)       (x)      3497 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               21
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     BLACK                                  3131      1595      50.9      2116      10.7      4131 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                   2609      1309      50.2      2103      10.6      3332 
  Inside central cities...........          1933      1003      51.9      2065      10.8      2449 
    One million or more...........          1365       705      51.7      2087      10.9      1727 
    Under one million.............           569       298      52.4      2012      10.5       722 
  Outside central cities..........           676       305      45.2      2227      10.0       883 
    One million or more...........           443       208      46.8      2266       9.7       589 
    Under one million.............           233        98      42.0      2144      10.5       294 
Outside metropolitan areas........           521       286      54.9      2176      10.9       798 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................           634       353      55.7      2074      11.0       868 
Midwest...........................           589       316      53.6      2132      11.0       779 
South.............................          1687       825      48.9      2141      10.5      2213 
West..............................           220       101      45.7      2000       9.8       272 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................           754       225      29.9      1818      11.0       561 
Renter occupied...................          2376      1369      57.6      2165      10.6      3570 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               22
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................          2578      1409      54.7      2272      10.6      3841 
  15 to 24 years..................           446       247      55.3      2259      10.1       624 
  25 to 34 years..................           726       446      61.4      2916      10.8      1540 
  35 to 44 years..................           703       406      57.8      2171      10.5      1113 
  45 to 54 years..................           346       166      47.9      1634      10.5       307 
  55 to 64 years..................           357       144      40.4      1324      10.8       257 
65 years and over.................           553       186      33.6       927      11.4       290 
  65 to 74 years..................           300        92      30.5       968      11.4       139 
  75 years and over...............           253        94      37.2       887      11.3       151 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              44.1      40.7       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................          3131      1595      50.9      2116      10.7      4131 
  Worked..........................          1322       653      49.4      2387      10.1      1969 
    Worked year-round, full-time..           312       106      33.9      2185       9.7       316 
  Did not work....................          1808       942      52.1      1927      11.0      2162 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........          2573      1404      54.6      2273      10.6      3835 
  No work disability..............          1672       862      51.6      2646      10.7      2672 
  With a work disability..........           901       541      60.1      1680      10.5      1163 
    severe work disability........           767       459      59.9      1619      10.5       946 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               23
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          1985      1184      59.7      2592      10.8      3690 
  Married-couple families.........           312       106      33.9      2450      10.5       384 
  Male householder, wife absent...           111        43      39.0      2047       9.0       104 
  Female householder, husband absent.       1563      1036      66.3      2629      10.9      3203 
Nonfamily households..............          1145       410      35.8       741      10.4       440 
  Male householder................           484       167      34.4       774       9.8       184 
    Living alone..................           426       151      35.4       605       9.7       151 
  Female householders.............           661       243      36.8       717      10.8       256 
    Living alone..................           602       236      39.1       676      10.8       236 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               24
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (BLACK) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................          1277       433      33.9       778      10.4       474 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    1834      1151      62.8      2625      10.8      3637 
  Child under 18 years..............        1721      1117      64.9      2655      10.8      3578 
    All under 6 years...............         326       197      60.3      2057       9.8       452 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............         583       401      68.7      3250      11.0      1647 
    All 6 to 17 years...............         812       519      64.0      2423      10.9      1479 
  One child.......................           508       275      54.1      1614      10.1       505 
    Under 6 years.................           195       111      57.2      1645       9.2       212 
    6 to 17 years.................           313       163      52.2      1593      10.8       293 
  Two or more children............          1213       842      69.4      2995      11.0      3072 
    All under 6 years.............           131        85      64.9      2596      10.5       239 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............           583       401      68.7      3250      11.0      1647 
    All 6 to 17 years.............           499       356      71.4      2804      11.0      1186 
  Mean children...................          2.32      2.40       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........           372       182      48.9      2513      10.9       545 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................            29        18      61.8      2795       9.4        55 
  All under 6 years...............            13        13     100.0      3306       8.3        43 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............             0         0       0.0         0       0.0         0 
  All 6 to 17 years...............            16         5      31.3      1492      12.0        13 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................          2542      1402      55.1      2275      10.6      3832 
One or more elderly...............           589       193      32.7       960      11.3       299 
  All members elderly.............           380       126      33.0       405      11.5       126 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..       166        58      34.6      2135      11.1       161 
  Elderly other relative only.....            17         4      22.4      2196      12.0         4 
  Elderly nonrelative only........            10         0       0.0         0       0.0         0 
Total number of children..........          3992      2676      67.0       (x)       (x)      2676 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               25
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     HISPANIC ORIGIN                        8590      1369      15.9      1875      10.3      3796 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                   7808      1231      15.8      1852      10.4      3337 
  Inside central cities...........          4279       821      19.2      1837      10.6      2117 
    One million or more...........          3099       570      18.4      1776      10.7      1357 
    Under one million.............          1180       251      21.3      1974      10.5       760 
  Outside central cities..........          3529       410      11.6      1883      10.0      1220 
    One million or more...........          2706       255       9.4      2059      10.4       718 
    Under one million.............           822       155      18.8      1592       9.3       501 
Outside metropolitan areas........           783       138      17.6      2082       9.6       459 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................          1468       346      23.6      1875      11.2       837 
Midwest...........................           644        74      11.5      2187       9.0       214 
South.............................          2939       471      16.0      1722      10.0      1311 
West..............................          3539       478      13.5      1978      10.2      1433 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................          3857       291       7.5      1762      10.1       824 
Renter occupied...................          4733      1078      22.8      1906      10.4      2972 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               26
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................          7674      1200      15.6      2007      10.2      3563 
  15 to 24 years..................           780       169      21.7      2022       9.7       497 
  25 to 34 years..................          2303       382      16.6      2230      10.2      1273 
  35 to 44 years..................          2316       350      15.1      1952       9.9      1091 
  45 to 54 years..................          1386       183      13.2      2052      10.6       502 
  55 to 64 years..................           889       115      12.9      1340      11.0       198 
65 years and over.................           916       169      18.5       938      11.5       234 
  65 to 74 years..................           566        92      16.2      1066      11.6       143 
  75 years and over...............           350        77      22.1       785      11.3        91 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              42.4      41.7       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................          8590      1369      15.9      1875      10.3      3796 
  Worked..........................          6401       642      10.0      1739       9.3      1899 
    Worked year-round, full-time..          4592       271       5.9      1601       9.1       792 
  Did not work....................          2189       727      33.2      1995      11.2      1897 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........          7671      1200      15.6      2007      10.2      3563 
  No work disability..............          6835       893      13.1      2077      10.0      2755 
  With a work disability..........           836       306      36.6      1805      10.6       807 
    severe work disability........           618       256      41.4      1716      10.9       647 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               27
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          6961      1167      16.8      2061      10.2      3576 
  Married-couple families.........          4804       472       9.8      1847       9.6      1548 
  Male householder, wife absent...           545        76      14.0      1874       9.8       222 
  Female householder, husband absent.       1612       619      38.4      2248      10.8      1807 
Nonfamily households..............          1630       201      12.4       796      11.0       220 
  Male householder................           875        68       7.7       765      10.7        79 
    Living alone..................           623        52       8.3       601      11.1        52 
  Female householders.............           754       134      17.7       812      11.1       141 
    Living alone..................           617       124      20.1       759      11.0       124 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               28
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                              All households                       
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................          2955       274       9.3       880      11.0       321 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    5606      1093      19.5      2125      10.2      3470 
  Child under 18 years..............        4910      1042      21.2      2179      10.1      3384 
    All under 6 years...............        1302       253      19.5      1959       9.8       681 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............        1433       407      28.4      2445      10.2      1594 
    All 6 to 17 years...............        2175       381      17.5      2042      10.3      1108 
  One child.......................          1733       258      14.9      1448       9.5       528 
    Under 6 years.................           756       113      14.9      1455       9.1       240 
    6 to 17 years.................           978       145      14.9      1443       9.9       289 
  Two or more children............          3176       784      24.7      2420      10.3      2855 
    All under 6 years.............           547       141      25.7      2364      10.4       442 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............          1433       407      28.4      2445      10.2      1594 
    All 6 to 17 years.............          1197       236      19.7      2411      10.6       819 
  Mean children...................          2.17      2.57       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........          1652       245      14.8      1947      10.4       638 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................            58        16      27.6      2284       8.6        57 
  All under 6 years...............            15         5      31.7       850       4.5        11 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............            10         6      56.4      2849      10.0        23 
  All 6 to 17 years...............            32         5      16.5      2942      10.8        22 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................          7385      1154      15.6      2037      10.2      3474 
One or more elderly...............          1205       215      17.8      1006      11.2       322 
  All members elderly.............           557       117      21.0       704      11.6       128 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..       403        54      13.4      1380      11.3       109 
  Elderly other relative only.....           212        41      19.2      1358      10.1        82 
  Elderly nonrelative only........            15         0       2.1       804      12.0         0 
Total number of children..........         10675      2680      25.1       (x)       (x)      2680 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               29
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
    Characteristics                                                                                
                                                                                                   
     HISPANIC ORIGIN                        2231       999      44.8      2101      10.7      2956 
                                                                                                   
TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Inside metropolitan areas                   1990       903      45.4      2063      10.7      2602 
  Inside central cities...........          1306       602      46.1      2039      10.9      1673 
    One million or more...........           975       418      42.9      1969      10.9      1083 
    Under one million.............           332       184      55.4      2198      10.8       589 
  Outside central cities..........           684       301      44.0      2112      10.4       929 
    One million or more...........           456       186      40.8      2304      10.7       549 
    Under one million.............           228       115      50.3      1800       9.9       380 
Outside metropolitan areas........           240        96      40.0      2455      10.4       354 
                                                                                                   
REGION                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Northeast.........................           477       273      57.4      2018      11.3       701 
Midwest...........................           144        48      33.7      2447       9.7       141 
South.............................           714       322      45.1      1986      10.4       967 
West..............................           896       354      39.6      2223      10.6      1147 
                                                                                                   
TENURE                                                                                             
                                                                                                   
Owner occupied....................           539       166      30.8      2004      10.5       508 
Renter occupied...................          1691       833      49.2      2120      10.7      2448 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               30
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
Under 65 years....................          1945       889      45.7      2248      10.6      2814 
  15 to 24 years..................           277       127      45.7      2228      10.3       388 
  25 to 34 years..................           594       293      49.3      2511      10.6      1010 
  35 to 44 years..................           595       273      45.9      2116      10.3       894 
  45 to 54 years..................           270       118      43.8      2474      11.2       372 
  55 to 64 years..................           210        79      37.5      1423      10.9       149 
65 years and over.................           285       109      38.3       902      11.5       142 
  65 to 74 years..................           149        52      35.2      1181      11.8        79 
  75 years and over...............           136        57      41.8       647      11.3        63 
                                                                                                   
Mean age......................              42.0      40.8       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
                                                                                                   
WORK EXPERIENCE OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                     
                                                                                                   
Total civilian....................          2231       999      44.8      2101      10.7      2956 
  Worked..........................          1103       416      37.7      2012       9.9      1328 
    Worked year-round, full-time..           465       144      30.9      1932      10.0       481 
  Did not work....................          1127       583      51.7      2165      11.3      1628 
                                                                                                   
DISABILITY STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDER                                                                   
                                                                                                   
     Total age 16 to 64...........          1944       889      45.7      2248      10.6      2814 
  No work disability..............          1536       660      43.0      2329      10.4      2153 
  With a work disability..........           408       229      56.2      2018      10.9       661 
    severe work disability........           340       190      55.8      1906      11.1       520 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               31
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
Family household..................          1721       832      48.3      2357      10.6      2776 
  Married-couple families.........           836       296      35.4      2103      10.0      1089 
  Male householder, wife absent...           119        49      41.7      2394      10.6       155 
  Female householder, husband absent.        767       487      63.5      2507      10.9      1532 
Nonfamily households..............           509       167      32.7       824      11.1       180 
  Male householder................           217        55      25.5       821      11.0        62 
    Living alone..................           159        45      28.5       661      11.4        45 
  Female householders.............           293       111      38.0       826      11.2       118 
    Living alone..................           259       103      39.7       756      11.1       103 
Table NC2. Food Stamp Participation for Households, by Selected Household Characteristics, Race and                               32
Hispanic Origin, and Poverty Status:  1997 (HISPANIC ORIGIN) (Numbers in thousands)

                                                          Households in poverty                    
                                                               Receiving food stamps               
                                                                          Mean      Mean           
                                                                          Face    Months     Total 
                                          Number    Number   Percent     Value  Received   Persons 
PRESENCE OF CHILDREN                                                                               
                                                                                                   
No children.......................           663       203      30.7       891      11.1       236 
One or more related                                                                                
Children                                    1564       794      50.8      2413      10.6      2717 
  Child under 18 years..............        1492       777      52.1      2432      10.6      2689 
    All under 6 years...............         368       187      50.8      2135      10.3       522 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years..............         562       332      59.1      2580      10.4      1354 
    All 6 to 17 years...............         562       258      46.0      2456      11.0       812 
  One child.......................           385       153      39.7      1685      10.1       328 
    Under 6 years.................           176        70      39.9      1631       9.9       154 
    6 to 17 years.................           209        83      39.6      1731      10.2       174 
  Two or more children............          1106       624      56.4      2615      10.7      2361 
    All under 6 years.............           192       116      60.8      2440      10.5       369 
    Some under 6 years,                                                                            
    Some 6 to 17 years............           562       332      59.1      2580      10.4      1354 
    All 6 to 17 years.............           353       175      49.8      2798      11.3       638 
  Mean children...................          2.57      2.76       (x)       (x)       (x)       (x) 
  Child 18 years and over.........           310       143      46.2      2242      10.8       433 
One or more unrelated                                                                              
Children under 18.................            15        10      66.1      2900       8.8        38 
  All under 6 years...............             3         3     100.0       917       4.0         4 
  Some under 6 years,                                                                              
  Some 6 to 17 years..............             6         4      65.3      3218       8.8        14 
  All 6 to 17 years...............             7         4      54.4      3922      12.0        20 
                                                                                                   
PRESENCE OF ELDERLY                                                                                
                                                                                                   
No elderly........................          1900       872      45.9      2266      10.6      2767 
One or more elderly...............           331       127      38.4       967      11.2       188 
  All members elderly.............           212        87      40.8       698      11.6        93 
  Elderly householder or spouse only..        83        24      28.9      1621      11.3        51 
  Elderly other relative only.....            33        16      48.4      1455       8.7        44 
  Elderly nonrelative only........             2         0      12.9       804      12.0         0 
Total number of children..........          3830      2144      56.0       (x)       (x)      2144 


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Housing and Household Economic Statistics Information Staff at (301)763-3242
Last revised: July 14, 2004
URL: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/macro/031998/noncash/2_000.htm