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TABLE 6. Current Residence Versus Residence One Year Ago Poverty Status In 1997 of Persons 1 Year Old or Over (Numbers in thousands)
All Races White Black Hispanic Origin
Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level Below Poverty Level
Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total Total NumberPercent of Total
Persons 1 Year Old and Over Both Sexes Total 264633 34785 13.1 218134 23913 11.0 33861 8852 26.1 29974 8060 26.9
Move Within U.S 41111 8979 21.8 32553 6159 18.9 6312 2231 35.3 5973 2025 33.9
Now In Northeast 5537 1212 21.9 4407 854 19.4 848 274 32.3 703 275 39.1
Was In:
Northeast 5037 1143 22.7 3966 801 20.2 811 258 31.9 649 256 39.5
Midwest 71 5 7.5 69 5 7.8 0 0 (B) 7 1 22.7
South 315 46 14.7 263 31 11.7 37 16 41.8 35 13 37.1
West 113 17 15.0 109 17 15.6 0 0 (B) 12 4 35.5
Now In Midwest 8871 1724 19.4 7407 1198 16.2 1205 473 39.2 505 165 32.7
Was In:
Northeast 112 5 4.1 104 2 2.0 2 2 100.0 4 0 .0
Midwest 8002 1631 20.4 6648 1126 16.9 1140 462 40.6 454 147 32.4
South 446 59 13.3 379 52 13.6 56 8 13.9 22 16 72.3
West 310 30 9.5 276 19 6.7 7 0 .0 25 3 10.6
Now In South 15556 3399 21.9 11466 2045 17.8 3572 1247 34.9 1878 579 30.8
Was In:
Northeast 471 122 25.8 360 58 16.1 68 48 69.6 33 18 52.9
Midwest 481 102 21.1 357 50 14.2 120 48 40.5 18 0 .0
South 14221 3107 21.8 10401 1870 18.0 3356 1148 34.2 1756 540 30.8
West 383 70 18.2 349 66 19.0 29 3 11.2 71 21 29.9
Now In West 11148 2643 23.7 9272 2061 22.2 687 238 34.6 2886 1006 34.8
Was In:
Northeast 125 28 22.1 122 28 22.6 2 0 .0 10 0 4.1
Midwest 201 30 14.7 172 22 12.8 12 8 62.6 7 4 59.0
South 334 49 14.6 291 44 15.1 23 4 18.2 63 31 48.8
West 10488 2537 24.2 8687 1968 22.7 649 226 34.8 2806 970 34.6
Move From Outside U.S 1199 469 39.1 865 346 40.0 79 41 51.4 371 184 49.7
Did Not Move 222323 25337 11.4 184716 17409 9.4 27470 6580 24.0 23629 5850 24.8
Northeast 44828 5070 11.3 37965 3392 8.9 5304 1459 27.5 3989 1205 30.2
Midwest 52484 4545 8.7 46376 3195 6.9 4886 1172 24.0 1673 324 19.4
South 76894 9870 12.8 59948 6144 10.2 15049 3475 23.1 7627 1758 23.0
West 48117 5853 12.2 40428 4678 11.6 2231 474 21.2 10340 2564 24.8
Persons In Families Both Sexes Total 221546 25447 11.5 182092 16782 9.2 28375 7133 25.1 26811 6954 25.9
Move Within U.S 30185 6201 20.5 23461 4020 17.1 5006 1783 35.6 5038 1711 34.0
Now In Northeast 3948 812 20.6 3085 556 18.0 651 189 29.1 593 243 41.0
Was In:
Northeast 3568 780 21.9 2742 534 19.5 627 180 28.7 543 226 41.5
Midwest 45 1 2.9 42 1 3.0 0 0 (B) 4 0 .0
South 240 19 8.1 205 10 4.8 25 10 38.6 34 13 37.8
West 95 11 11.1 95 11 11.1 0 0 (B) 12 4 35.5
Now In Midwest 6371 1146 18.0 5170 707 13.7 1027 416 40.5 437 144 33.0
Was In:
Northeast 91 0 .0 85 0 .0 0 0 (B) 4 0 .0
Midwest 5697 1098 19.3 4580 669 14.6 973 409 42.0 391 130 33.2
South 347 38 11.0 288 31 10.6 51 8 15.1 19 13 68.9
West 236 9 4.0 216 8 3.6 3 0 .0 23 2 7.1
Now In South 11827 2416 20.4 8606 1361 15.8 2810 984 35.0 1562 455 29.1
Was In:
Northeast 365 86 23.7 264 33 12.3 64 43 67.4 26 13 48.7
Midwest 362 68 18.8 250 20 7.9 112 48 43.1 13 0 .0
South 10800 2219 20.5 7813 1270 16.3 2616 889 34.0 1457 426 29.3
West 300 42 14.0 279 39 13.9 18 3 17.7 65 16 24.8
Now In West 8039 1828 22.7 6600 1396 21.2 518 193 37.3 2447 869 35.5
Was In:
Northeast 66 17 25.6 64 17 26.6 2 0 .0 10 0 .0
Midwest 124 14 11.6 101 7 7.3 12 7 60.2 7 4 61.7
South 269 43 16.0 235 38 16.1 13 4 31.7 59 30 51.7
West 7580 1754 23.1 6201 1334 21.5 490 182 37.1 2372 834 35.2
Move From Outside U.S 854 260 30.4 618 196 31.8 66 32 48.5 260 100 38.4
Did Not Move 190507 18986 10.0 158013 12565 8.0 23303 5318 22.8 21513 5143 23.9
Northeast 38007 3738 9.8 32104 2353 7.3 4477 1206 26.9 3492 1032 29.6
Midwest 44944 3115 6.9 39812 2067 5.2 4027 906 22.5 1549 291 18.8
South 66223 7568 11.4 51566 4520 8.8 12926 2830 21.9 6978 1526 21.9
West 41334 4564 11.0 34532 3625 10.5 1874 377 20.1 9493 2294 24.2
Persons In Married Couple Families Both Sexes Total 172881 10918 6.3 150043 8630 5.8 13867 1333 9.6 19308 3724 19.3
Move Within U.S 19568 2032 10.4 16544 1561 9.4 1739 251 14.4 3205 794 24.8
Now In Northeast 2383 221 9.3 2001 155 7.7 239 48 20.2 233 46 19.6
Was In:
Northeast 2109 213 10.1 1749 147 8.4 228 48 21.2 207 41 20.0
Midwest 39 0 .0 39 0 .0 0 0 (B) 4 0 .0
South 167 2 1.3 145 2 1.5 12 0 .0 12 0 .0
West 68 6 8.4 68 6 8.4 0 0 (B) 11 4 39.7
Now In Midwest 4135 272 6.6 3661 227 6.2 327 37 11.3 333 89 26.8
Was In:
Northeast 89 0 .0 83 0 .0 0 0 (B) 2 0 .0
Midwest 3571 258 7.2 3164 214 6.8 288 37 12.8 298 78 26.3
South 266 11 4.3 221 11 5.1 38 0 .0 15 9 61.5
West 210 3 1.5 193 2 .8 0 0 (B) 18 2 8.9
Now In South 7689 789 10.3 6352 627 9.9 1022 130 12.7 1071 250 23.3
Was In:
Northeast 259 34 13.1 192 7 3.7 33 16 47.5 12 3 26.0
Midwest 259 12 4.5 219 12 5.3 40 0 .0 13 0 .0
South 6949 717 10.3 5727 582 10.2 941 114 12.2 997 230 23.1
West 222 26 11.8 214 26 12.3 8 0 .0 49 16 33.1
Now In West 5362 750 14.0 4530 553 12.2 151 36 23.7 1569 409 26.1
Was In:
Northeast 35 0 .0 35 0 .0 0 0 (B) 6 0 .0
Midwest 93 6 6.3 82 6 7.2 0 0 (B) 7 4 61.7
South 212 13 6.2 184 13 7.2 9 0 .0 32 9 28.8
West 5021 731 14.6 4229 534 12.6 141 36 25.2 1523 396 26.0
Move From Outside U.S 659 167 25.4 462 111 24.1 38 27 71.6 170 66 39.1
Did Not Move 152654 8719 5.7 133038 6958 5.2 12091 1055 8.7 15933 2864 18.0
Northeast 29773 1391 4.7 26508 1045 3.9 2117 234 11.0 1992 301 15.1
Midwest 36987 1280 3.5 34054 1049 3.1 2071 166 8.0 1180 161 13.6
South 52347 3542 6.8 44004 2829 6.4 6866 553 8.1 5491 973 17.7
West 33548 2507 7.5 28472 2037 7.2 1037 103 9.9 7270 1428 19.6
Persons In Families With Female Householder- No Spouse Present Both Sexes Total 37742 13046 34.6 23437 7074 30.2 12907 5446 42.2 5592 2820 50.4
Move Within U.S 8276 3721 45.0 5016 2126 42.4 2964 1430 48.2 1327 803 60.5
Now In Northeast 1168 508 43.5 754 339 45.0 351 120 34.3 249 166 66.6
Was In:
Northeast 1093 484 44.3 691 325 47.1 338 111 32.8 230 153 66.4
Midwest 4 1 33.5 4 1 33.5 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 52 17 33.3 39 8 19.5 12 10 77.2 17 13 74.7
West 20 5 24.2 20 5 24.2 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
Now In Midwest 1748 792 45.3 1079 411 38.1 654 372 56.9 60 43 71.8
Was In:
Northeast 3 0 .0 3 0 .0 0 0 (B) 3 0 .0
Midwest 1677 765 45.6 1021 391 38.3 641 364 56.8 58 43 75.0
South 56 23 41.4 47 16 33.1 9 8 83.8 0 0 (B)
West 12 4 35.2 8 4 49.1 3 0 .0 0 0 (B)
Now In South 3345 1483 44.3 1665 652 39.1 1628 792 48.7 376 190 50.6
Was In:
Northeast 98 52 53.8 65 25 39.1 29 27 93.2 14 10 69.1
Midwest 95 57 59.4 25 8 32.5 70 48 69.1 0 0 (B)
South 3102 1365 44.0 1538 612 39.8 1519 714 47.0 353 181 51.2
West 50 9 18.7 37 6 16.7 10 3 31.4 9 0 .0
Now In West 2015 939 46.6 1518 724 47.7 331 145 43.8 642 403 62.8
Was In:
Northeast 24 17 71.7 21 17 80.0 2 0 .0 0 0 (B)
Midwest 21 8 40.8 8 1 18.2 12 7 60.2 0 0 (B)
South 50 30 59.9 45 25 55.4 4 4 100.0 25 21 84.5
West 1921 884 46.0 1444 681 47.1 313 134 42.8 617 382 61.9
Move From Outside U.S 115 70 61.2 90 67 74.8 14 1 5.8 36 23 63.2
Did Not Move 29352 9254 31.5 18331 4881 26.6 9930 4016 40.4 4229 1995 47.2
Northeast 6556 2158 32.9 4273 1182 27.7 2100 909 43.3 1239 682 55.1
Midwest 6062 1659 27.4 4112 882 21.4 1779 704 39.6 234 118 50.5
South 11048 3661 33.1 5545 1465 26.4 5359 2150 40.1 1168 489 41.9
West 5686 1777 31.2 4402 1352 30.7 693 254 36.6 1588 705 44.4
Unrelated Individuals Both Sexes Total 41672 8687 20.8 34858 6593 18.9 5316 1645 31.0 2976 1017 34.2
Move Within U.S 10367 2474 23.9 8621 1891 21.9 1233 405 32.9 871 277 31.8
Now In Northeast 1536 367 23.9 1269 265 20.9 197 84 42.9 107 32 30.2
Was In:
Northeast 1417 329 23.3 1171 234 20.0 185 78 42.5 103 31 29.8
Midwest 27 4 15.2 27 4 15.2 0 0 (B) 3 1 50.0
South 75 27 36.2 58 21 36.2 12 6 48.3 1 0 .0
West 18 6 34.2 14 6 43.6 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In Midwest 2311 485 21.0 2066 411 19.9 168 51 30.1 65 19 28.9
Was In:
Northeast 21 5 21.6 19 2 11.2 2 2 100.0 0 0 (B)
Midwest 2129 447 21.0 1902 377 19.8 158 48 30.5 60 15 25.0
South 100 21 21.1 91 21 23.1 5 0 .0 3 3 92.4
West 61 13 21.0 54 11 20.1 3 0 .0 2 1 46.5
Now In South 3572 888 24.9 2750 611 22.2 717 239 33.4 308 115 37.3
Was In:
Northeast 106 35 33.2 96 26 26.5 5 5 100.0 7 5 68.1
Midwest 119 33 28.1 107 31 28.7 7 0 .0 5 0 .0
South 3265 792 24.2 2477 528 21.3 694 235 33.8 290 105 36.1
West 83 28 33.3 70 28 39.3 11 0 .0 5 5 93.5
Now In West 2947 734 24.9 2536 604 23.8 151 31 20.6 392 111 28.3
Was In:
Northeast 58 11 18.1 58 11 18.2 0 0 (B) 0 0 100.0
Midwest 77 15 19.8 72 15 20.4 1 1 100.0 0 0 .0
South 66 6 9.2 56 6 10.8 10 0 .0 5 1 11.7
West 2746 702 25.6 2350 573 24.4 140 30 21.6 386 110 28.4
Move From Outside U.S 338 202 59.8 240 142 59.3 14 9 65.7 109 82 75.5
Did Not Move 30967 6011 19.4 25997 4559 17.5 4070 1231 30.2 1996 658 33.0
Northeast 6673 1263 18.9 5739 983 17.1 801 242 30.3 464 153 33.0
Midwest 7284 1323 18.2 6332 1032 16.3 852 259 30.4 122 33 27.0
South 10449 2213 21.2 8223 1550 18.9 2068 637 30.8 627 220 35.2
West 6561 1211 18.5 5704 994 17.4 348 92 26.4 783 251 32.1
Family Householders Both Sexes Total 70884 7324 10.3 59515 4990 8.4 8408 1985 23.6 6961 1721 24.7
Move Within U.S 9180 1822 19.9 7325 1242 17.0 1390 484 34.8 1326 430 32.4
Now In Northeast 1189 239 20.1 952 164 17.3 174 58 33.4 157 62 39.2
Was In:
Northeast 1087 231 21.3 860 158 18.4 168 57 33.7 148 58 39.0
Midwest 11 1 5.8 11 1 5.8 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
South 70 3 4.7 61 2 3.4 5 1 22.2 7 3 39.5
West 21 4 17.8 21 4 17.8 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
Now In Midwest 1969 376 19.1 1646 256 15.6 274 113 41.5 135 42 31.5
Was In:
Northeast 31 0 .0 31 0 .0 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
Midwest 1781 363 20.4 1476 244 16.6 262 112 42.6 115 36 31.4
South 86 12 14.2 70 10 14.8 12 2 16.1 8 5 64.8
West 71 1 1.7 69 1 1.7 0 0 (B) 10 1 8.2
Now In South 3650 710 19.4 2734 420 15.4 802 271 33.8 415 117 28.3
Was In:
Northeast 123 23 18.8 95 11 11.7 16 8 51.0 5 3 64.8
Midwest 102 11 10.6 77 4 5.1 25 7 27.9 3 0 .0
South 3340 663 19.9 2482 392 15.8 758 256 33.8 388 110 28.5
West 86 13 14.9 81 13 15.8 4 0 .0 20 4 19.4
Now In West 2371 497 21.0 1993 402 20.2 140 41 29.6 619 208 33.6
Was In:
Northeast 14 4 25.5 14 4 25.5 0 0 (B) 0 0 .0
Midwest 37 4 12.0 32 2 7.2 2 2 100.0 2 1 76.2
South 71 10 13.7 67 9 13.4 2 0 .0 12 6 54.9
West 2249 479 21.3 1880 387 20.6 136 39 28.8 605 200 33.1
Move From Outside U.S 218 67 30.8 165 52 31.6 18 9 48.4 54 21 39.6
Did Not Move 61486 5434 8.8 52025 3696 7.1 7000 1493 21.3 5580 1270 22.8
Northeast 12105 1064 8.8 10405 692 6.7 1324 329 24.8 965 284 29.5
Midwest 14593 932 6.4 13098 633 4.8 1193 264 22.1 400 64 16.0
South 21945 2250 10.3 17560 1394 7.9 3906 800 20.5 1896 390 20.6
West 12843 1187 9.2 10962 976 8.9 576 101 17.5 2320 532 23.0
Householders In Married Couple Families Both Sexes Total 54321 2821 5.2 48070 2312 4.8 3921 312 8.0 4804 836 17.4
Move Within U.S 5797 504 8.7 5005 402 8.0 436 55 12.5 821 197 24.0
Now In Northeast 708 59 8.4 602 42 7.0 62 13 20.7 59 12 20.4
Was In:
Northeast 634 58 9.1 537 41 7.6 58 13 22.2 55 11 19.3
Midwest 10 0 .0 10 0 .0 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
South 48 0 .0 40 0 .0 4 0 .0 1 0 .0
West 16 1 8.1 16 1 8.1 0 0 (B) 1 1 100.0
Now In Midwest 1220 72 5.9 1104 61 5.6 76 10 12.9 98 26 26.6
Was In:
Northeast 30 0 .0 30 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 1059 69 6.5 959 58 6.0 66 10 14.8 84 23 27.2
South 66 3 4.2 52 3 5.3 10 0 .0 5 2 44.0
West 65 1 1.2 63 1 1.3 0 0 (B) 8 1 9.7
Now In South 2323 200 8.6 1971 164 8.3 258 27 10.4 282 64 22.9
Was In:
Northeast 89 7 7.8 67 0 .0 9 3 31.5 2 0 .0
Midwest 81 2 2.4 70 2 2.8 11 0 .0 3 0 .0
South 2087 184 8.8 1772 154 8.7 233 24 10.3 262 60 23.1
West 66 7 11.1 61 7 11.8 4 0 .0 16 4 24.7
Now In West 1546 173 11.2 1328 135 10.2 40 5 12.4 383 95 24.8
Was In:
Northeast 10 0 .0 10 0 .0 0 0 (B) 0 0 .0
Midwest 30 2 5.6 28 2 6.2 0 0 (B) 2 1 76.2
South 55 3 5.8 51 3 6.2 2 0 .0 6 2 37.5
West 1451 168 11.6 1239 130 10.5 39 5 12.9 375 92 24.4
Move From Outside U.S 173 44 25.3 128 31 24.2 12 9 73.0 37 17 45.8
Did Not Move 48351 2273 4.7 42937 1879 4.4 3473 249 7.2 3946 622 15.8
Northeast 9313 358 3.8 8441 283 3.4 585 49 8.5 522 70 13.4
Midwest 11774 358 3.0 10973 306 2.8 578 36 6.2 296 32 10.9
South 17054 980 5.7 14667 807 5.5 1994 137 6.9 1423 222 15.6
West 10210 578 5.7 8856 483 5.5 315 27 8.4 1706 297 17.4
Householders In Families With Female Householder- No Spouse Present Both Sexes Total 12652 3995 31.6 8308 2305 27.7 3926 1563 39.8 1612 767 47.6
Move Within U.S 2587 1164 45.0 1646 721 43.8 859 397 46.2 354 198 56.0
Now In Northeast 350 151 43.1 239 100 41.9 92 38 41.7 72 42 58.8
Was In:
Northeast 333 144 43.4 224 95 42.5 91 37 40.9 68 40 58.8
Midwest 1 1 100.0 1 1 100.0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
South 12 3 27.9 11 2 19.6 1 1 100.0 5 3 58.9
West 4 2 55.2 4 2 55.2 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In Midwest 566 273 48.3 382 170 44.6 180 100 55.5 19 11 61.1
Was In:
Northeast 1 0 .0 1 0 .0 0 0 (B) 1 0 .0
Midwest 552 267 48.3 370 165 44.7 178 98 55.0 17 11 65.3
South 11 6 57.5 9 4 48.6 2 2 100.0 0 0 (B)
West 2 0 23.8 2 0 23.8 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Now In South 1056 464 43.9 547 227 41.5 495 227 45.8 95 46 48.6
Was In:
Northeast 31 16 52.8 25 11 44.4 6 5 89.4 3 3 100.0
Midwest 20 9 43.3 7 2 28.9 14 7 50.7 0 0 (B)
South 992 436 43.9 504 211 41.9 476 215 45.2 89 43 48.2
West 12 3 26.2 12 3 28.1 0 0 (B) 3 0 .0
Now In West 616 276 44.9 478 224 46.8 92 32 34.4 168 98 58.3
Was In:
Northeast 4 4 100.0 4 4 100.0 0 0 (B) 0 0 (B)
Midwest 5 3 55.2 3 1 21.2 2 2 100.0 0 0 (B)
South 13 7 50.7 12 6 47.4 0 0 (B) 5 4 92.4
West 594 263 44.3 460 214 46.5 90 30 32.9 164 94 57.4
Move From Outside U.S 20 16 81.2 18 14 78.9 0 0 (B) 5 2 40.7
Did Not Move 10045 2815 28.0 6644 1570 23.6 3066 1166 38.0 1253 567 45.2
Northeast 2198 649 29.5 1491 370 24.8 648 262 40.4 361 200 55.4
Midwest 2115 509 24.1 1510 279 18.5 552 214 38.8 66 27 41.4
South 3824 1133 29.6 2113 499 23.6 1660 622 37.4 374 144 38.6
West 1908 524 27.5 1530 422 27.6 207 68 33.0 452 195 43.2

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Housing and Household Economic Statistics Information Staff at (301)763-3242
Last revised: July 20, 2004
URL: http://148.129.86.150:8080/macro/031998/pov/6_000.htm