U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau


Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement
Contents for Group

CAUTION: Whenever a base of an income distribution is relatively small, the medians, means, and percent distributions are extremely unreliable because of the limited size of the sample. Pay particular attention to the standard errors for small population estimates, especially if the base is less than 75,000.



Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                   78454      7533         74      9010         52      9015         52

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                    64963      7255         88      8611         57      8625         58
  White alone                                    64120      7253         89      8599         57      8614         58
    White alone, not Hispanic                    54657      7227        105      8514         61      8530         61
Black alone or in combination                     9504      8141        147     10301        127     10268        128
  Black alone                                     9274      8136        148     10297        127     10264        128
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 3687      7760        400      9768        327      9711        328
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     3506      7794        415      9725        331      9675        332
  Asian alone or in combination                   3489      7798        418      9821        341      9783        343
    Asian alone                                   3346      7785        433      9735        345      9702        347
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                         228      7115       1260      8943       1039      8562       1022
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                        160      8046       1360      9524       1066      9215       1058
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          1261      7899        423      9817        356      9781        361
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             617      8157        519     10457        460     10429        461
Two or more races                                  938      7518        666      9445        537      9386        550
Hispanic (of any race)                           10155      7406        155      9077        142      9084        143
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                     55361      7215        104      8524         60      8538         61

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    3534      8549        191      9138        191      9141        191
25 to 44 years                                   31733      7839        106      9497        108      9474        108
45 to 54 years                                   17816      7123        184      9455        163      9451        163

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
55 to 64 years                                   12981      6925        236      9643        148      9664        149
65 years and over                                12389      5641        199      8184         65      8200         66

Type of Family

Married-couple families                          58964      7065        126      8518         66      8529         67
  With related children under 18                 27317      7771        182      9399        182      9369        183
    With related children under 6                12885      8190        241      9300        248      9237        248
Male householder, no wife present                 5067      7003        237      8789        195      8782        196
Female householder, no husband present           14424      7924         98      9737         90      9727         90
  With related children under 18                  9894      8191        105     10056        107     10033        107
    With related children under 6                 4035      8970        144     10605        152     10568        152

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                        14197      7424        163      8877        117      8877        117
Midwest                                          17706      7580        165      8874        116      8925        116
South                                            29142      7586        116      9115         81      9099         81
West                                             17409      7463        181      9043        129      9049        130

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                 10624      7724        130      9626         97      9622         98
High school graduate, no college                 23574      7347        122      8787         85      8797         85
College: Less than bachelor's degree             21257      7337        154      8710        109      8709        109
         Bachelor's degree or more               22999      8079        265      8567        151      8585        152

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                       66065      7728         79      9474         72      9466         72
Worked at full-time jobs                         47198      5703        120      6005        115      5970        114
  50 to 52 weeks                                 41126      5018        149      5030        139      5014        137
Worked at part-time jobs                          7039      6602        151      7368        152      7327        152
Did not work                                     11827      9303        115     11746         89     11774         89

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                       21545      8171         85      9661         55      9674         55
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     12565      8513         91     10638         78     10630         79
  Householder 65 years and over                   8981      5585        201      8269         65      8289         65
One worker                                       34048      5304        133      5219        119      5212        118
Two workers or more                              22861      5982        591      5877        539      5857        551

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 3843      6986        139     11508        128     11496        128
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           1369      7971        183     12489        208     12454        208
    SSI                                           2723      5584        176     11300        153     11301        154
  Food stamps                                     5033      7921        113     10620        113     10609        114
  Housing assistance                              2398      8370        158     10966        154     10959        153
  Energy assistance                               1633      6990        195     10109        181     10100        182
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            7921      8106        122     10365        125     10342        125
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1760      7517        157     12350        163     12352        164

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                         55276      6652        157      7225         97      7229         98
  Medicare                                       10799      5348        214      8294         66      8318         67
  Medicaid                                       13136      7678         98     10093         88     10083         89
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   0         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           1300      4726        354      9665        183      9665        185

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    9167         53      9074         52      9117         52      9207         54

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     8770         58      8706         57      8739         57      8796         59
  White alone                                     8758         58      8697         57      8729         57      8780         60
    White alone, not Hispanic                     8670         61      8614         60      8629         61      8687         62
Black alone or in combination                    10455        130     10269        127     10336        128     10657        134
  Black alone                                    10451        130     10261        128     10333        128     10629        135
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 9975        334      9732        329      9832        330      9861        349
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     9939        339      9690        333      9787        334      9739        355
  Asian alone or in combination                  10066        350      9803        345      9930        345      9900        365
    Asian alone                                   9984        354      9725        349      9846        349      9772        371
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        8676       1025      8504       1012      8367       1036      9217        999
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       9211       1057      9140       1065      8877       1111      9142       1051
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          9898        365      9665        359      9744        362      9709        379
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                           10338        466     10263        458     10258        461      9846        496
Two or more races                                 9699        556      9350        539      9500        547     10276        559
Hispanic (of any race)                            9240        145      9142        138      9246        141      9315        157
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      8680         61      8622         60      8636         60      8699         62

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    9332        193      9329        187      9406        187      9456        208

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                    9715        111      9537        106      9702        108     10094        122
45 to 54 years                                    9679        164      9423        160      9453        161      9615        169
55 to 64 years                                    9913        149      9778        147      9781        147      9855        148
65 years and over                                 8245         65      8229         65      8192         65      8166         65

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           8653         67      8560         66      8632         66      8638         68
  With related children under 18                  9703        193      9363        179      9703        188     10036        225
    With related children under 6                 9497        262      9362        243      9649        256      9797        310
Male householder, no wife present                 8906        198      8797        192      8749        192      9076        202
Female householder, no husband present            9927         91      9838         88      9848         89     10045         95
  With related children under 18                 10277        108     10161        105     10224        106     10513        116
    With related children under 6                10771        154     10622        150     10699        150     10860        166

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         9034        118      8982        116      8996        116      9091        121
Midwest                                           9093        118      8955        116      8983        116      9082        121
South                                             9244         82      9172         80      9185         80      9295         84
West                                              9198        132      9068        129      9216        129      9249        137

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  9756         98      9724         96      9763         97      9810        102
High school graduate, no college                  8965         86      8861         84      8902         84      9015         89
College: Less than bachelor's degree              8855        110      8700        109      8771        109      8872        114
         Bachelor's degree or more                8726        152      8626        150      8625        151      8753        152

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        9700         73      9538         71      9636         72      9873         78
Worked at full-time jobs                          6105        119      6160        111      6241        115      5800        139
  50 to 52 weeks                                  5125        143      5221        132      5236        139      4600        170
Worked at part-time jobs                          7397        156      7481        150      7519        151      7097        165
Did not work                                     11936         89     11807         89     11860         88     11983         89

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        9765         55      9757         55      9767         55      9741         56
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     10788         79     10742         78     10792         78     10831         81
  Householder 65 years and over                   8319         65      8329         65      8298         65      8280         65
One worker                                        5363        126      5407        115      5426        120      4889        143
Two workers or more                               4972        503      5147        456      5153        475      5225        560

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                11549        129     11544        127     11559        127     11595        131
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI          12527        209     12505        207     12475        208     12509        218
    SSI                                          11344        154     11350        151     11381        152     11449        154
  Food stamps                                    10769        114     10699        111     10796        112     10992        120
  Housing assistance                             11041        154     11018        151     11019        152     11159        161
  Energy assistance                              10231        182     10297        178     10301        179     10466        186
  Free or reduced-price school lunches           10612        127     10481        122     10590        124     10933        140
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                12455        163     12452        161     12474        161     12470        167

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7629        104      7515        101      7584        102      7717        107
  Medicare                                        8346         67      8330         66      8319         67      8320         67
  Medicaid                                       10189         89     10056         87     10169         87     10377         94
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           9670        186      9640        186      9644        186      9645        187

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    9195         54      8599         83      8652         84      8646         84

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     8785         59      8204         98      8253         99      8247         99
  White alone                                     8769         60      8181         99      8228        100      8223        100
    White alone, not Hispanic                     8668         62      8161        112      8205        113      8196        113
Black alone or in combination                    10629        134      9457        164      9545        165      9539        165
  Black alone                                    10602        135      9427        164      9515        166      9509        166
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 9861        350      9162        456      8966        452      8958        452
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     9742        356      9154        476      8951        472      8942        471
  Asian alone or in combination                   9908        366      9197        478      8987        473      8979        473
    Asian alone                                   9783        372      9190        499      8971        494      8963        493
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        9131       1014      8373       1116      8389       1151      8377       1151
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       9036       1075      8421       1159      8481       1185      8467       1185
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          9767        377      9043        483      9245        496      9231        496
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                            9947        492      9004        597      9194        611      9183        611
Two or more races                                10253        559      9745        706      9910        725      9896        723
Hispanic (of any race)                            9342        157      8418        185      8502        187      8502        187
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      8681         62      8171        111      8214        112      8206        112

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    9448        209      9249        216      9283        216      9279        216

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                   10095        122      9239        128      9258        128      9248        128
45 to 54 years                                    9618        169      8313        194      8446        196      8438        196
55 to 64 years                                    9821        148      7939        221      8027        227      8023        227
65 years and over                                 8151         65      6333        197      6254        200      6262        200

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           8631         68      7806        139      7840        140      7832        140
  With related children under 18                 10063        225      8655        234      8691        236      8676        236
    With related children under 6                 9840        311      8689        302      8744        305      8734        305
Male householder, no wife present                 9003        202      7640        249      7779        257      7775        257
Female householder, no husband present           10039         95      9248        111      9287        112      9282        112
  With related children under 18                 10509        116      9641        123      9663        123      9658        123
    With related children under 6                10864        166     10240        169     10280        169     10275        169

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         9102        121      9049        188      9076        191      9070        191
Midwest                                           9040        121      8738        188      8797        190      8798        190
South                                             9279         84      8278        126      8368        127      8360        127
West                                              9261        137      8751        201      8744        204      8735        204

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  9806        103      8875        148      8935        150      8935        150
High school graduate, no college                  9007         89      8459        135      8525        137      8518        137
College: Less than bachelor's degree              8859        114      8376        173      8412        174      8402        174
         Bachelor's degree or more                8711        153      8574        270      8600        270      8588        269

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        9866         78      8891         89      8950         90      8942         90
Worked at full-time jobs                          5812        139      5626        146      5653        148      5641        148
  50 to 52 weeks                                  4620        170      4653        180      4685        183      4670        183
Worked at part-time jobs                          7083        165      6701        174      6775        176      6766        175
Did not work                                     11951         89     10810        114     10887        115     10880        115

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        9730         56      9299         90      9361         91      9357         91
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     10817         81      9745         97      9814         98      9807         98
  Householder 65 years and over                   8273         65      6377        201      6287        204      6296        204
One worker                                        4870        142      5021        160      5042        163      5028        163
Two workers or more                               5328        557      5322        612      5349        624      5344        624

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                11585        131     10292        150     10422        154     10418        154
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI          12505        218     11485        226     11569        226     11566        225
    SSI                                          11439        154      9938        189     10102        197     10099        197
  Food stamps                                    10986        120      9601        130      9665        131      9662        131
  Housing assistance                             11158        161     10056        183     10132        184     10131        184
  Energy assistance                              10419        187      9099        230      9164        233      9162        233
  Free or reduced-price school lunches           10933        140      9708        147      9720        148      9720        148
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                12462        167     11069        184     11183        185     11182        185

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7674        107      7488        194      7500        196      7485        195
  Medicare                                        8311         67      6210        202      6306        213      6305        213
  Medicaid                                       10376         94      9204        109      9264        110      9259        110
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           9667        186      6872        313      6969        338      6967        338

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    7678         82      7820         83      6709         83      6755         87

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     7417         97      7533         99      6707         98      6798        103
  White alone                                     7403         98      7519         99      6706         99      6801        104
    White alone, not Hispanic                     7417        113      7535        115      6778        117      6828        122
Black alone or in combination                     8322        162      8520        165      6663        169      6665        174
  Black alone                                     8287        163      8485        166      6642        170      6645        175
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 7947        450      8148        454      7596        475      7436        496
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     7903        469      8109        473      7728        493      7575        516
  Asian alone or in combination                   7928        471      8116        475      7567        496      7412        521
    Asian alone                                   7870        489      8059        494      7693        514      7548        542
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        8184       1213      8707       1124      8116       1344      7747       1305
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       8685       1218      9057       1097      8378       1265      8007       1285
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          7525        452      7733        462      6036        485      5729        482
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                            7365        549      7581        563      5649        584      5300        576
Two or more races                                 8607        707      8799        717      7022        761      6878        763
Hispanic (of any race)                            7446        178      7571        181      6545        178      6685        186
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      7418        112      7537        114      6768        116      6819        121

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    8696        210      8816        212      7197        212      6990        210

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                    8087        122      8273        125      6987        130      7026        129
45 to 54 years                                    7142        194      7291        197      6325        203      6251        214
55 to 64 years                                    7197        242      7362        245      6650        235      6884        270
65 years and over                                 5676        201      5676        202      5540        203      5644        242

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           7134        141      7267        144      6862        144      7038        157
  With related children under 18                  8040        230      8218        235      7668        247      7882        260
    With related children under 6                 8474        307      8629        315      8040        323      8097        334
Male householder, no wife present                 7246        256      7247        258      6575        244      6766        249
Female householder, no husband present            8077        108      8253        110      6629        112      6572        114
  With related children under 18                  8375        117      8574        119      6780        123      6692        123
    With related children under 6                 9034        159      9262        162      7182        165      7090        166

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         7619        178      7657        181      6797        198      6668        208
Midwest                                           7572        181      7834        185      6452        185      6513        193
South                                             7760        128      7835        130      6661        125      6775        128
West                                              7661        203      7910        208      7009        214      7031        227

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  7801        143      7894        146      6360        141      6476        148
High school graduate, no college                  7490        135      7667        138      6518        136      6662        140
College: Less than bachelor's degree              7588        171      7751        175      7006        188      6883        196
         Bachelor's degree or more                8198        277      8323        278      8073        281      7967        307

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        7913         87      8079         89      6861         90      6875         92
Worked at full-time jobs                          5376        145      5559        150      4791        148      5083        168
  50 to 52 weeks                                  4571        185      4703        193      4203        192      4654        224
Worked at part-time jobs                          6238        163      6354        165      4853        166      5034        174
Did not work                                      9466        118      9604        119      8107        121      8017        123

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        8231         90      8362         91      7090         92      7059         95
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      8582         97      8744         98      7324        100      7237        102
  Householder 65 years and over                   5711        205      5696        206      5557        206      5658        247
One worker                                        4929        166      5053        173      4555        179      5080        200
Two workers or more                               5270        642      5464        647      5456        672      6761        954

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 6946        144      7114        148      4512        134      4564        144
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           7789        192      8027        200      5050        196      5030        203
    SSI                                           5728        181      5858        186      3862        163      3976        184
  Food stamps                                     7918        123      8229        127      5448        117      5504        123
  Housing assistance                              8230        170      8482        176      4327        147      4327        147
  Energy assistance                               6984        210      7136        217      4628        212      4833        222
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            8257        140      8487        143      6640        148      6734        155
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 7415        162      7639        168      4274        146      4198        155

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7307        195      7395        196      7164        208      7409        216
  Medicare                                        5642        224      5657        224      5423        218      5627        244
  Medicaid                                        7733        108      7990        111      6071        109      6174        113
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           5212        392      5253        397      4377        354      4603        400

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    6641         83      7529         72      7556         80

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     6628         98      7286         86      7303         96
  White alone                                     6629         99      7282         87      7289         97
    White alone, not Hispanic                     6692        116      7199        103      7306        112
Black alone or in combination                     6618        169      8059        143      8181        158
  Black alone                                     6606        170      8054        144      8146        159
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 7456        472      7769        386      7714        436
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     7587        489      7807        401      7664        453
  Asian alone or in combination                   7427        493      7864        404      7745        456
    Asian alone                                   7553        511      7859        419      7683        473
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        7813       1361      6410       1171      7219       1267
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       8216       1278      7186       1355      7485       1371
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          6039        484      7790        415      7514        447
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                            5654        582      7999        508      7403        543
Two or more races                                 6808        757      7571        653      8466        715
Hispanic (of any race)                            6486        177      7540        151      7324        174
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      6684        116      7189        102      7310        111

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    7162        211      8519        187      8646        208
25 to 44 years                                    6955        129      7853        103      7961        120
45 to 54 years                                    6235        202      7048        177      7088        191

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
55 to 64 years                                    6445        233      6864        230      6903        235
65 years and over                                 5483        201      5678        198      5603        199

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           6715        143      7110        124      6947        137
  With related children under 18                  7567        244      7821        177      7776        218
    With related children under 6                 7940        319      8423        236      8138        290
Male householder, no wife present                 6574        244      6862        226      7190        250
Female householder, no husband present            6601        112      7913         96      8001        107
  With related children under 18                  6747        122      8156        103      8303        115
    With related children under 6                 7128        165      8890        141      8982        158

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         6690        197      7451        161      7553        175
Midwest                                           6408        185      7522        161      7559        178
South                                             6628        124      7545        113      7587        126
West                                              6864        212      7564        176      7488        198

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  6285        140      7743        126      7637        140
High school graduate, no college                  6478        136      7334        119      7417        133
College: Less than bachelor's degree              6873        187      7328        150      7435        168
         Bachelor's degree or more                8082        280      8023        260      8111        275

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        6792         90      7710         76      7781         86
Worked at full-time jobs                          4741        147      5779        115      5412        142
  50 to 52 weeks                                  4152        190      5156        142      4574        182
Worked at part-time jobs                          4847        166      6771        145      6181        160
Did not work                                      8006        121      9255        114      9297        117

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        7015         92      8182         84      8153         89
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      7245        100      8506         90      8505         96
  Householder 65 years and over                   5510        205      5643        201      5623        202
One worker                                        4537        178      5430        127      4802        158
Two workers or more                               5254        662      5947        559      6272        676

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 4422        133      6984        138      6867        142
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           4975        195      8003        181      7769        191
    SSI                                           3783        161      5556        174      5589        178
  Food stamps                                     5386        116      7973        111      7858        121
  Housing assistance                              4277        147      8403        156      8213        167
  Energy assistance                               4534        210      6975        192      6936        207
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            6611        148      8138        119      8164        137
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 4213        144      7555        156      7378        161

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7155        208      6642        150      6969        178
  Medicare                                        5250        216      5400        212      5392        219
  Medicaid                                        5980        108      7697         96      7630        107
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           4052        344      4726        345      4658        366

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

  All families                                    6578     12671     12547     12098     12636     12513     11499     11507

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     4417      9564      9443      9120      9501      9409      8698      8703
  White alone                                     4338      9421      9303      8987      9359      9271      8575      8581
    White alone, not Hispanic                     2854      7427      7315      7077      7299      7269      6875      6888
Black alone or in combination                     1802      2574      2572      2466      2591      2565      2294      2299
  Black alone                                     1772      2534      2531      2428      2552      2526      2264      2269
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  255       389       388       368       392       387       359       358
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      241       371       370       351       374       369       345       344
  Asian alone or in combination                    237       363       362       343       365       360       338       337
    Asian alone                                    227       349       348       329       350       345       325       324
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          19        28        28        27        30        30        23        23
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         15        23        23        22        24        24        20        20
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           201       311       308       299       319       314       289       287
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             135       183       183       183       191       190       180       178
Two or more races                                   91       162       159       149       162       157       135       135
Hispanic (of any race)                            1639      2197      2191      2107      2266      2205      1882      1873
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      2909      7541      7426      7182      7411      7381      6975      6989

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                     901       994       993       953       993       982       860       860
25 to 44 years                                    3435      4077      4061      3842      4144      4011      3302      3292
45 to 54 years                                     936      1449      1441      1360      1459      1449      1322      1322
55 to 64 years                                     694      1589      1578      1514      1565      1569      1525      1532
65 years and over                                  613      4561      4475      4429      4475      4502      4491      4500

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           2373      6850      6742      6507      6798      6677      6279      6281
  With related children under 18                  1373      1768      1760      1608      1820      1693      1311      1304

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8
    With related children under 6                  859       992       988       906      1014       941       715       709
Male householder, no wife present                  578       913       910       882       929       934       834       842
Female householder, no husband present            3627      4909      4895      4709      4910      4901      4387      4384
  With related children under 18                  3229      3846      3844      3674      3854      3822      3328      3323
    With related children under 6                 1801      2007      2009      1930      2028      2009      1764      1760

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Region

Northeast                                         1094      2190      2187      2095      2169      2159      2003      1998
Midwest                                           1331      2635      2593      2490      2605      2585      2384      2393
South                                             2820      5369      5316      5157      5374      5341      4895      4903
West                                              1334      2476      2451      2356      2488      2427      2217      2212

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2275      3930      3909      3805      3959      3916      3586      3586
High school graduate, no college                  2331      4764      4708      4537      4743      4699      4312      4313
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1450      2769      2735      2613      2751      2719      2481      2484
         Bachelor's degree or more                 522      1208      1196      1143      1183      1179      1120      1125

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        5965      8110      8072      7669      8161      8010      7009      7007
Worked at full-time jobs                          1828      2217      2215      1981      2265      2161      1530      1519
  50 to 52 weeks                                  1028      1194      1192      1043      1254      1174       739       732
Worked at part-time jobs                          1043      1302      1299      1233      1325      1306      1090      1086
Did not work                                      3095      4591      4559      4455      4571      4543      4389      4402

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5097     10801     10683     10462     10660     10644     10229     10234
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      4502      6346      6317      6128      6304      6267      5859      5861
  Householder 65 years and over                    595      4454      4366      4334      4355      4377      4370      4373
One worker                                        1407      1788      1783      1562      1884      1780      1213      1216
Two workers or more                                 74        83        81        74        92        88        57        57

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 1383      2338      2337      2302      2350      2343      2224      2224
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            819      1033      1033      1012      1034      1035       969       968
    SSI                                            708      1524      1522      1506      1533      1527      1470      1470
  Food stamps                                     2767      3521      3506      3400      3549      3495      3098      3095
  Housing assistance                              1256      1631      1626      1591      1635      1630      1483      1481
  Energy assistance                                755      1122      1117      1091      1118      1112      1005      1006
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            2791      3437      3429      3270      3487      3402      2853      2847
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1068      1473      1471      1446      1475      1470      1394      1393

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          1372      3097      3055      2606      2744      2709      2459      2473
  Medicare                                         504      4268      4188      4156      4202      4208      4177      4181
  Medicaid                                        3765      5404      5380      5241      5529      5420      4773      4765
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            176       660       651       644       657       656       639       637

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

  All families                                    6238      6110      6108      5596      5421      4688      4359      4744

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     4137      4051      4050      3715      3616      3194      2950      3238
  White alone                                     4067      3984      3982      3655      3558      3144      2905      3186
    White alone, not Hispanic                     2760      2697      2697      2459      2394      2137      1940      2167
Black alone or in combination                     1738      1701      1701      1554      1491      1206      1148      1216
  Black alone                                     1714      1678      1678      1535      1473      1188      1130      1196
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  245       244       244       216       209       194       175       198
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      233       232       232       207       200       185       167       189
  Asian alone or in combination                    232       230       230       205       198       184       165       187
    Asian alone                                    221       220       220       196       190       176       157       179
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          15        14        14        13        12        10        11        11
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         12        12        12        10        10         9        10        10
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           202       194       194       183       175       156       143       157
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             145       140       140       131       125       113       105       113
Two or more races                                   79        76        76        68        66        58        53        60
Hispanic (of any race)                            1471      1441      1440      1334      1293      1112      1070      1126
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      2809      2746      2746      2502      2435      2170      1968      2201

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                     811       806       806       788       771       695       688       698
25 to 44 years                                    2945      2928      2928      2751      2640      2149      2083      2163
45 to 54 years                                     986       952       952       823       796       697       638       709
55 to 64 years                                     784       748       748       647       629       605       526       625
65 years and over                                  713       676       674       587       585       542       424       549

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           2175      2114      2114      1925      1869      1713      1534      1756
  With related children under 18                  1052      1036      1036       967       930       796       754       810

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16
    With related children under 6                  628       620       620       593       570       498       474       506
Male householder, no wife present                  569       544       544       503       500       455       426       455
Female householder, no husband present            3494      3452      3450      3168      3052      2520      2399      2533
  With related children under 18                  2990      2971      2969      2788      2678      2175      2097      2188
    With related children under 6                 1660      1650      1650      1585      1519      1266      1239      1278

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Region

Northeast                                         1043      1026      1026       925       898       726       693       739
Midwest                                           1250      1232      1231      1162      1111       953       874       961
South                                             2633      2575      2575      2406      2362      2078      1946      2091
West                                              1312      1277      1277      1103      1050       931       846       953

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2216      2157      2156      1946      1900      1639      1542      1662
High school graduate, no college                  2203      2163      2163      1982      1909      1639      1537      1652
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1322      1299      1299      1203      1155       975       903       995
         Bachelor's degree or more                 496       491       491       465       457       435       377       435

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        5525      5434      5434      5009      4836      4146      3935      4195
Worked at full-time jobs                          1315      1301      1301      1231      1164       886       862       896
  50 to 52 weeks                                   655       644       644       613       578       438       438       445
Worked at part-time jobs                           921       903       903       851       820       684       659       685
Did not work                                      3289      3230      3230      2927      2852      2576      2414      2613

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5213      5103      5102      4653      4528      3968      3646      4014
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      4523      4447      4447      4086      3960      3442      3235      3482
  Householder 65 years and over                    691       656       655       568       568       526       411       532
One worker                                         974       957       957       895       847       678       662       686
Two workers or more                                 51        50        50        48        46        42        51        44

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 1893      1800      1800      1294      1218       937       881       960
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            904       891       891       767       710       504       487       513
    SSI                                           1190      1103      1103       666       636       509       466       523
  Food stamps                                     2703      2653      2653      2402      2245      1613      1532      1635
  Housing assistance                              1290      1258      1258      1131      1053       662       662       671
  Energy assistance                                748       731       731       656       620       437       397       448
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            2487      2466      2466      2291      2183      1645      1571      1656
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1293      1255      1255      1006       935       668       638       681

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                           983       972       972       924       907       813       762       815
  Medicare                                         627       545       545       458       455       430       364       446
  Medicaid                                        3768      3674      3674      3211      3037      2445      2318      2489
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            288       229       229       145       143       126       105       137

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

  All families                                    6836      5839

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     4582      3875
  White alone                                     4503      3811
    White alone, not Hispanic                     2954      2564
Black alone or in combination                     1878      1626
  Black alone                                     1848      1605
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  263       228
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      249       218
  Asian alone or in combination                    244       214
    Asian alone                                    233       206
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          22        15
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         17        13
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           210       186
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             142       132
Two or more races                                   93        72
Hispanic (of any race)                            1706      1391
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      3010      2607

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                     938       806
25 to 44 years                                    3573      2865
45 to 54 years                                     990       870
55 to 64 years                                     725       692
65 years and over                                  610       605

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           2455      2066
  With related children under 18                  1436      1055

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18
    With related children under 6                  874       655
Male householder, no wife present                  623       520
Female householder, no husband present            3757      3253
  With related children under 18                  3359      2859
    With related children under 6                 1879      1619

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Region

Northeast                                         1127       970
Midwest                                           1384      1194
South                                             2942      2511
West                                              1382      1164

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2365      2027
High school graduate, no college                  2427      2049
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1504      1272
         Bachelor's degree or more                 540       491

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        6226      5234
Worked at full-time jobs                          1991      1329
  50 to 52 weeks                                  1132       686
Worked at part-time jobs                          1088       889
Did not work                                      3148      3017

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5196      4773
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      4608      4190
  Householder 65 years and over                    588       583
One worker                                        1553      1008
Two workers or more                                 87        58

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 1412      1330
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            831       783
    SSI                                            726       693
  Food stamps                                     2834      2471
  Housing assistance                              1278      1156
  Energy assistance                                777       670
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            2890      2358
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1083      1028

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          1459      1115
  Medicare                                         509       486
  Medicaid                                        3892      3309
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            184       167

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                49555433  5.64341E11  1.1416E8  1.37847E12  1.1311E8  1.36694E12  1.1091E8

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 32043641  3.54878E11  82353146  9.49659E11  81446717  9.40405E11  79976268
  White alone                                 31467728   3.4806E11  81011691  9.32299E11  80143396  9.23441E11  78707149
    White alone, not Hispanic                 20627094  2.21776E11  63233381  7.02419E11  62395901  6.93531E11  61355640
Black alone or in combination                 14667418   1.7581E11  26519285  3.59665E11  26407762  3.57926E11  25779874
  Black alone                                 14419036  1.72494E11  26092964  3.52641E11  25983019  3.50937E11  25373643
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              1975737  2.36607E10   3800432  5.01098E10   3768536  4.96197E10   3674508
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  1880743  2.27118E10   3611147  4.72407E10   3583153  4.68262E10   3490680
  Asian alone or in combination                1850515  2.23517E10   3566972  4.73834E10   3543597  4.70641E10   3454702
    Asian alone                                1763766  2.14566E10   3393408  4.46874E10   3372359  4.44096E10   3285015
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                      136749  1444474028    254805  2983103884    243958  2770815685    237274
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                     116933  1255122409    214526  2506850537    207582  2370196238    202452
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                       1586002  1.83236E10   3056350  3.98977E10   3012028  3.93878E10   2962761
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                         1104841  1.29953E10   1918245  2.57949E10   1912057   2.5681E10   1889148
Two or more races                               683130  8080701556   1529965  2.05398E10   1489505  2.01024E10   1448723
Hispanic (of any race)                        12142204  1.41697E11  19939112  2.59666E11  19903789  2.59588E11  19468863
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  20988908  2.25632E11  64272301  7.15149E11  63396870  7.05867E11  62343960

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 7703197  8.97875E10   9085662  1.12145E11   9078227  1.12047E11   8896310
25 to 44 years                                26926679  3.17003E11  38717840  5.24104E11  38473110  5.20068E11  37325073
45 to 54 years                                 6666399   7.1215E10  13703337  1.74191E11  13616602  1.73035E11  13164806
55 to 64 years                                 4802600  5.48872E10  15325132  1.92114E11  15248508  1.91764E11  15005922
65 years and over                              3456558  3.14485E10  37328827  3.75916E11  36691470  3.70027E11  36514019

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       16766300  1.90766E11  58344699  6.60883E11  57508544  6.52261E11  56306109

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18              10673265  1.33083E11  16617210  2.39916E11  16490844  2.37999E11  15605284
    With related children under 6              7033256  9.20436E10   9225388  1.34388E11   9125152  1.32706E11   8600828
Male householder, no wife present              4047419  4.34861E10   8020553  9.60638E10   7990198   9.5786E10   7857674
Female householder, no husband present        28741714  3.30089E11  47795547  6.21522E11  47609174  6.18895E11  46742346
  With related children under 18              26447732  3.09875E11  38674195  5.25182E11  38560753  5.23314E11  37763063
    With related children under 6             16152661  1.99056E11  21285721  3.00426E11  21234888  2.99473E11  20786469

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                      8120047  9.04822E10  19442687  2.34746E11  19418278   2.3451E11  18926693
Midwest                                       10091341  1.14028E11  23385693   2.7992E11  23140163  2.77176E11  22637244
South                                         21390901  2.42546E11  48938330  5.85953E11  48368438  5.79136E11  47670187
West                                           9953143  1.17285E11  22394089  2.77851E11  22181038  2.76119E11  21672005

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              17570852  2.05849E11  37832964  4.82036E11  37608346  4.79378E11  37125505
High school graduate, no college              17129942  1.90802E11  41864352  4.98369E11  41421037  4.93746E11  40672384
College: Less than bachelor's degree          10638505  1.18277E11  24115725  2.82709E11  23815275  2.79214E11  23133830
         Bachelor's degree or more             4216134  4.94136E10  10347758  1.15355E11  10263260  1.14604E11   9974409

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    46098875  5.32893E11  76831972  1.00255E12  76416447  9.96914E11  74392111
Worked at full-time jobs                      10423287  9.78825E10  13310948  1.31897E11  13223806  1.30504E11  12093218
  50 to 52 weeks                               5158711   4.4826E10   6008650  5.22478E10   5977957   5.1424E10   5346408
Worked at part-time jobs                       6884283  6.52842E10   9595527   1.0234E11   9515555   1.0094E11   9123750
Did not work                                  28791304  3.69726E11  53925497  7.68317E11  53677086  7.65471E11  53175142

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    41648085  4.92211E11  1.0434E8  1.28894E12  1.0334E8  1.27841E12  1.0216E8
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  38324456  4.62157E11  67511098   9.1765E11  67148705  9.13016E11  66108140
  Householder 65 years and over                3323628  3.00539E10  36831867  3.71292E11  36190209  3.65393E11  36055173
One worker                                     7464984  6.79477E10   9330875  8.50612E10   9293063  8.41331E10   8375928
Two workers or more                             442364  4182868307    486959  4466976989    475940  4399554217    366888

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                              9662174   9.7273E10  26905495  3.81358E11  26863365  3.81105E11  26582049
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI        6526448  7.00644E10  12896356  1.98013E11  12861409  1.97449E11  12673633
    SSI                                        3954879  3.46035E10  17219014  2.38169E11  17204028  2.38373E11  17083710
  Food stamps                                 21915456  2.52276E11  37390856  5.24691E11  37196697  5.22029E11  36613296
  Housing assistance                          10515388  1.19862E11  17890579  2.46668E11  17814742  2.45154E11  17563084
  Energy assistance                            5275335  5.43295E10  11342589  1.47842E11  11280340  1.47035E11  11165176
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        22624256  2.76376E11  35620399  5.17435E11  35461013  5.14841E11  34707025
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                              8031925  8.30275E10  18190333  2.71246E11  18173447  2.71286E11  18013316

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                       9123666  9.78594E10  22375805  2.34732E11  22084618   2.3237E11  19882831
  Medicare                                     2696565  2.37844E10  35401953  3.57876E11  34836363  3.52876E11  34690648
  Medicaid                                    28909502  3.30598E11  54537577  7.33686E11  54241466  7.29718E11  53401130
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                         832464  7053450193   6376312  7.32912E10   6288144  7.24305E10   6228549

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

  All families                                1.34516E12  1.1467E8  1.38406E12  1.1407E8  1.38011E12  1.0587E8   1.2902E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 9.25293E11  82715939  9.53053E11  82232392  9.49617E11  76504324  8.87951E11
  White alone                                 9.08804E11  81393888  9.36006E11  80923839   9.3265E11  75288127  8.72121E11
    White alone, not Hispanic                 6.83145E11  62878978  6.97831E11  62725266   6.9689E11  59721571  6.65568E11
Black alone or in combination                 3.51967E11  26607602  3.60737E11  26510416  3.60286E11  24445998  3.36928E11
  Black alone                                 3.45371E11  26183632     3.54E11  26097140  3.53612E11  24062628  3.30567E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             4.88551E10   3815286  5.05076E10   3805856  5.05295E10   3539992  4.75526E10
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                 4.60709E10   3623968  4.76243E10   3614830  4.76402E10   3361111  4.47981E10
  Asian alone or in combination               4.63706E10   3579033  4.78161E10   3576209  4.79059E10   3344918  4.53813E10
    Asian alone                               4.37253E10   3403576  4.50781E10   3400681  4.51604E10   3177787  4.27601E10
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    2690563649    255326  2914056655    248664  2843779672    211254  2369384047
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                   2299141682    217179  2499704178    210936  2433387001    180111  1991561255
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      3.89467E10   3078710  4.02964E10   3055670  4.01186E10   2808330  3.69276E10
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                        2.53532E10   1958238   2.6254E10   1947288  2.61237E10   1773992  2.38917E10
Two or more races                             1.96036E10   1510792  2.02208E10   1492856  2.01287E10   1389225   1.8873E10
Hispanic (of any race)                        2.54736E11  20719511  2.68279E11  20385787  2.65726E11  17530495  2.33794E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  6.95425E11  63898346   7.1041E11  63736817  7.09407E11  60678383  6.77552E11

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                1.10356E11   9264366  1.14208E11   9233504  1.14016E11   8136780  1.02773E11
25 to 44 years                                5.08996E11  39524567  5.32515E11  38913797  5.28451E11  33326239  4.67171E11
45 to 54 years                                1.67673E11  13746642  1.73556E11  13693442  1.73244E11  12709864  1.62577E11
55 to 64 years                                1.89479E11  15305886  1.92418E11  15348533  1.92883E11  15029212  1.89212E11
65 years and over                             3.68653E11  36825844  3.71361E11  36883464  3.71514E11  36669774   3.6847E11

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       6.40249E11  58193657  6.59788E11  57637239  6.55788E11  54236223  6.15474E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg
  With related children under 18              2.29055E11  17044466  2.45426E11  16430714  2.40945E11  13161556   2.0202E11
    With related children under 6             1.26885E11   9489038    1.375E11   9076885  1.34276E11   7008860  1.08331E11
Male householder, no wife present             9.45214E10   8168711  9.73928E10   8171645  9.74359E10   7572825  9.15963E10
Female householder, no husband present        6.10386E11  48304938  6.26877E11  48263856  6.26884E11  44062822  5.83134E11
  With related children under 18              5.15636E11  39165079  5.30738E11  39073500  5.30521E11  34981069  4.87737E11
    With related children under 6              2.9452E11  21537957   3.0323E11  21490022  3.02939E11  19152027  2.76599E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Region

Northeast                                     2.29191E11  19480950  2.34886E11  19422484  2.34579E11  18210613  2.21169E11
Midwest                                       2.72731E11  23327589  2.79845E11  23219215   2.7929E11  21653599  2.61741E11
South                                         5.72674E11  49295989  5.89205E11  49061441  5.87469E11  45502606  5.49754E11
West                                          2.70561E11  22562779  2.80123E11  22369600   2.7877E11  20505052  2.57539E11

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              4.75136E11  38495397  4.90281E11  38227890  4.88331E11  35182748  4.53815E11
High school graduate, no college              4.86937E11  42028405  5.00264E11  41824338  4.99006E11  38870452  4.67724E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree           2.7177E11  23934993  2.80133E11  23848960  2.79668E11  22014594  2.59443E11
         Bachelor's degree or more            1.11314E11  10208510  1.13381E11  10171552  1.13104E11   9804076  1.09223E11

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    9.76504E11  77841461   1.0127E12  77189276  1.00859E12  69202096  9.21733E11
Worked at full-time jobs                       1.1886E11  13952474  1.37155E11  13483013  1.34223E11   8875466  8.76736E10
  50 to 52 weeks                              4.53571E10   6548761  5.63157E10   6147774  5.35689E10   3399992  2.83003E10
Worked at part-time jobs                      9.73328E10   9911500  1.05877E11   9823112   1.0525E11   7733823  8.09527E10
Did not work                                  7.60311E11  53977487  7.69665E11  53883151  7.69121E11  52592807  7.53107E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    1.26616E12    1.04E8  1.28706E12  1.0396E8  1.28699E12  99640934  1.23465E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  9.01613E11  67725310  9.20499E11  67637832   9.2028E11  63460243  8.69958E11
  Householder 65 years and over               3.64546E11  36278643  3.66556E11  36320710  3.66711E11  36180690  3.64697E11
One worker                                    7.60675E10  10189345  9.31449E10   9658251  8.93482E10   5930799  5.31475E10
Two workers or more                           2930617832    474008  3858119580    455947  3768573018    300137  2401735267

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             3.77663E11  27133184  3.84531E11  27084294  3.84232E11  25792413  3.67202E11
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI        1.9487E11  12932100  1.98471E11  12912791  1.98284E11  12120429  1.87369E11
    SSI                                       2.37195E11  17402937  2.40887E11  17374220  2.40809E11  16823671  2.34065E11
  Food stamps                                 5.15374E11  37963933  5.31569E11  37726192  5.30194E11  34050681  4.85197E11
  Housing assistance                          2.42269E11  18020389  2.47749E11  17961907  2.47313E11  16546765  2.30498E11
  Energy assistance                           1.46095E11  11517377  1.50377E11  11453337  1.49826E11  10513515  1.38159E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches         5.0805E11  36548890  5.29482E11  36027733  5.25719E11  31196961   4.6952E11
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             2.69143E11  18361768  2.73989E11  18334793  2.73779E11  17380706  2.60483E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      2.10585E11  20623555  2.17053E11  20550049  2.16772E11  18977308  2.01883E11
  Medicare                                    3.51638E11  35004748   3.5435E11  35004189  3.54249E11  34751421  3.51424E11
  Medicaid                                    7.20167E11  55598368  7.44719E11  55118603  7.41373E11  49533004   6.7745E11
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0         0           0         0           0         0           0
  Health insurance                                     0         0           0         0           0         0           0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                       7.17654E10   6337830  7.30721E10   6322942  7.29466E10   6161004  7.09485E10

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                1.0581E8  1.28882E12  53638249  6.75476E11  52859427  6.66971E11  52812331

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 76457810  8.87101E11  33938059  4.10624E11  33434124  4.05525E11  33401150
  White alone                                 75243738  8.71295E11  33268900  4.01959E11  32779508  3.96954E11  32747266
    White alone, not Hispanic                 59710173  6.65116E11  22522748  2.60758E11  22129376  2.56632E11  22107340
Black alone or in combination                 24435182  3.36559E11  16435941  2.20407E11  16241064  2.18345E11  16230522
  Black alone                                 24054254   3.3026E11  16157961  2.16243E11  15966255  2.14215E11  15956081
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              3533824  4.74725E10   2244759  3.06074E10   2183545  2.93248E10   2181483
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  3356055  4.47689E10   2136814  2.94891E10   2076091  2.82091E10   2074030
  Asian alone or in combination                3338771  4.52959E10   2130164  2.94488E10   2070427  2.81725E10   2068532
    Asian alone                                3172686  4.27249E10   2029281  2.83982E10   1970035  2.71244E10   1968140
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                      211431  2374293661    123367  1250430800    121400  1241567933    121233
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                     180156  1997552093    104320  1044437997    102844  1038193161    102677
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                       2801475  3.67649E10   1828195  2.41966E10   1793011  2.40347E10   1790392
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                         1768065  2.37393E10   1304635  1.77691E10   1284512  1.76797E10   1282994
Two or more races                              1386105  1.88002E10    773152  1.00618E10    756274  9958988004    755173
Hispanic (of any race)                        17494711  2.33382E11  12381750  1.63639E11  12253454  1.62604E11  12242056
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  60664877  6.77077E11  22955621  2.65926E11  22559485  2.61778E11  22536992

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 8127363  1.02683E11   7499190   9.3953E10   7481810  9.38527E10   7479066
25 to 44 years                                33234013  4.65908E11  27204612  3.65841E11  27109647   3.6482E11  27078633
45 to 54 years                                12718589  1.62587E11   8196910  9.76784E10   8038412  9.58152E10   8031087
55 to 64 years                                15049311  1.89297E11   6223434  7.35756E10   6003941  7.13803E10   6001318
65 years and over                             36675728  3.68342E11   4514104  4.44277E10   4225617  4.11022E10   4222227

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       54209868  6.14789E11  16980622  2.05685E11  16576257  2.00272E11  16560061

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18              13120037  2.01318E11   9100676  1.27651E11   9005447  1.26338E11   8989385
    With related children under 6              6977643    1.078E11   5460717  7.65167E10   5422093  7.62239E10   5415555
Male householder, no wife present              7581497   9.1567E10   4343793  4.93594E10   4229053  4.85697E10   4226617
Female householder, no husband present        44013640  5.82461E11  32313835  4.20432E11  32054117  4.18129E11  32025654
  With related children under 18              34916988  4.86993E11  28824140  3.86289E11  28706740  3.84908E11  28678957
    With related children under 6             19118048  2.76193E11  16996501  2.37456E11  16961231  2.36998E11  16952694

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                     18188484  2.21009E11   9438933   1.2198E11   9308911  1.20721E11   9303506
Midwest                                       21636739  2.61339E11  10921957  1.38779E11  10838852  1.37988E11  10828211
South                                         45494173  5.49268E11  21793831  2.62622E11  21544186  2.60328E11  21524359
West                                          20485608  2.57201E11  11483529  1.52095E11  11167478  1.47934E11  11156256

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              35160648  4.53461E11  19670329  2.60702E11  19273308  2.56143E11  19260875
High school graduate, no college              38845204  4.67137E11  18639423  2.29268E11  18437195  2.27595E11  18422099
College: Less than bachelor's degree          22001818  2.59108E11  11071807  1.34591E11  10926713  1.32831E11  10913091
         Bachelor's degree or more             9797335  1.09111E11   4256690  5.09153E10   4222212  5.04023E10   4216265

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    69129276  9.20475E11  49124146  6.31048E11  48633810  6.25869E11  48590104
Worked at full-time jobs                       8825613  8.69838E10   7400493  7.14289E10   7357375  7.12477E10   7342194
  50 to 52 weeks                               3381001  2.80667E10   3047223   2.5384E10   3015981  2.52894E10   3006534
Worked at part-time jobs                       7694164  8.04157E10   6174016  6.19815E10   6117703  6.16546E10   6109336
Did not work                                  52609500  7.53075E11  35549637  4.97638E11  35158731  4.92966E11  35138574

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    99582981   1.2335E12  48477238   6.2909E11  47769932  6.20926E11  47736244
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  63402776  8.68948E11  44072347  5.85501E11  43643930  5.80613E11  43612790
  Householder 65 years and over               36180205  3.64548E11   4404891  4.35892E10   4126002  4.03131E10   4123454
One worker                                     5920985  5.29196E10   4890132   4.4164E10   4822722  4.38398E10   4809566
Two workers or more                             301038  2401096364    270879  2221714048    266772  2205265877    266521

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             25766446  3.66701E11  19480750  2.65595E11  18760591  2.57325E11  18754813
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       12102184  1.87099E11  10378207  1.52754E11  10304456  1.51667E11  10301864
    SSI                                       16814905  2.33812E11  11829986  1.58393E11  11138468  1.50336E11  11134858
  Food stamps                                 34002313  4.84335E11  25955632  3.49075E11  25645987  3.45385E11  25638852
  Housing assistance                          16523429  2.30148E11  12976679  1.75314E11  12743147  1.72342E11  12741367
  Energy assistance                           10484240  1.37741E11   6808912   8.5746E10   6703118  8.47947E10   6701851
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        31124148  4.68427E11  24144840  3.42424E11  23967276  3.39905E11  23965114
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             17362564  2.60092E11  14315457   2.0411E11  14039474  2.00577E11  14037320

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      18977551   2.0171E11   7361134  8.43274E10   7290668  8.37403E10   7275637
  Medicare                                    34750089  3.51216E11   3896273  3.71773E10   3438559  3.25111E10   3438053
  Medicaid                                    49444650  6.76107E11  34678566  4.54544E11  34033077  4.46951E11  34012478
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                        6159161  7.08697E10   1975850   2.0102E10   1599076  1.59758E10   1598777

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

  All families                                6.66083E11  42967964  4.98038E11  42390366  4.94393E11  31449582   3.3422E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                  4.0493E11  27557153  3.09485E11  27237145  3.07505E11  21423995  2.23308E11
  White alone                                 3.96382E11  27061762  3.03667E11  26749370  3.01721E11  21083116  2.19604E11
    White alone, not Hispanic                 2.56227E11  18234886   1.9775E11  18035614  1.96522E11  14485791   1.4829E11
Black alone or in combination                 2.18129E11  12935175  1.58556E11  12707699  1.57135E11   8036249  8.70956E10
  Black alone                                 2.14016E11  12721548  1.55729E11  12495620   1.5432E11   7891068  8.53483E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             2.92821E10   1717048  2.12673E10   1703080  2.11354E10   1470039   1.7977E10
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                 2.81664E10   1633298  2.04564E10   1620713  2.03332E10   1428510  1.77086E10
  Asian alone or in combination               2.81325E10   1622097   2.0326E10   1609577  2.02075E10   1389910  1.72025E10
    Asian alone                               2.70845E10   1542535  1.95382E10   1531055  1.94263E10   1350932  1.69483E10
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    1238848888    102986  1030286517    100648  1012151284     84753   846328108
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                   1035474117     90719   918168338     89657   906943772     77579   760271354
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      2.39612E10   1377795  1.58811E10   1353304    1.573E10    944004  1.03359E10
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                        1.76454E10    963842  1.12549E10    945201  1.11234E10    637664  7103465869
Two or more races                             9919828944    587559  6930660673    579462  6894553230    409223  4455881776
Hispanic (of any race)                        1.62417E11   9929395  1.19043E11   9790958  1.18191E11   7279939  7.91246E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  2.61357E11  18556975  2.01302E11  18350238   2.0004E11  14690221  1.50425E11

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 9.3796E10   6852238  8.16478E10   6793353   8.1313E10   4998165  5.33291E10
25 to 44 years                                3.64229E11  22250529  2.70598E11  21839580  2.67768E11  15015742  1.67502E11
45 to 54 years                                9.56983E10   5876265  6.24109E10   5803431   6.2012E10   4410279   4.4082E10
55 to 64 years                                7.13171E10   4657170  5.32688E10   4633397  5.32142E10   4021225  4.29552E10
65 years and over                             4.10421E10   3331762  3.01118E10   3320605  3.00855E10   3004171  2.63516E10

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       1.99953E11  13734905  1.57686E11  13584205  1.56757E11  11752450  1.29913E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg
  With related children under 18              1.26025E11   7778617  1.02311E11   7645146  1.01413E11   6101422  7.77552E10
    With related children under 6             7.61004E10   5021322  6.92001E10   4922226   6.8459E10   4000286  5.28846E10
Male householder, no wife present             4.85382E10   3645007  3.98006E10   3622518  3.96643E10   2992941  2.95959E10
Female householder, no husband present        4.17592E11  25588051  3.00551E11  25183642  2.97971E11  16704191  1.74711E11
  With related children under 18              3.84383E11  23353085  2.80938E11  22961822  2.78401E11  14749018  1.57261E11
    With related children under 6             2.36839E11  14320777  1.80551E11  14069156  1.78806E11   9093659  1.00556E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Region

Northeast                                     1.20608E11   7045790  7.92397E10   6874525   7.7716E10   4935261  5.30784E10
Midwest                                       1.37782E11   8802881  1.01418E11   8702573  1.01024E11   6150245  6.40779E10
South                                         2.59989E11  18671529  2.15573E11  18508959  2.14757E11  13840695  1.42193E11
West                                          1.47703E11   8447764  1.01807E11   8304309  1.00895E11   6523381  7.48703E10

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              2.55926E11  15183273  1.81047E11  14999625  1.79914E11  10420386  1.09281E11
High school graduate, no college              2.27305E11  14846186  1.69043E11  14635818  1.67788E11  10685391  1.09801E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree          1.32561E11   9126071  1.03342E11   8954057  1.02134E11   6831169   7.4795E10
         Bachelor's degree or more            5.02914E10   3812434  4.46055E10   3800865  4.45566E10   3512636  4.03432E10

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    6.25041E11  39636202  4.67926E11  39069760  4.64307E11  28445411  3.07868E11
Worked at full-time jobs                      7.10707E10   6618250  6.11939E10   6470938  6.05398E10   4242399  3.41973E10
  50 to 52 weeks                              2.51838E10   2801003  2.31663E10   2719007  2.27833E10   1840434  1.34304E10
Worked at part-time jobs                      6.15326E10   5310889  4.85825E10   5211012  4.79297E10   3321120  2.65406E10
Did not work                                  4.92437E11  27707062  3.58149E11  27387811  3.55838E11  20881892   2.4713E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    6.20196E11  38304686  4.56403E11  37858433  4.53386E11  28130711  3.06363E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  5.79924E11  35062884  4.26971E11  34625437  4.23976E11  25207254  2.80655E11
  Householder 65 years and over               4.02722E10   3241802  2.94319E10   3232997  2.94103E10   2923457  2.57083E10
One worker                                     4.3683E10   4408972   3.9523E10   4281007  3.89254E10   3087543  2.59424E10
Two workers or more                           2203935247    254306  2111650589    250926  2080992476    231328  1914378548

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                               2.572E11   8986398  9.02994E10   8665300  8.79393E10   4226504   3.1762E10
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       1.51606E11   5970380  6.40117E10   5697724  6.19189E10   2545345  2.07057E10
    SSI                                       1.50263E11   3816830  3.35896E10   3724008  3.30755E10   1967515  1.31612E10
  Food stamps                                 3.45251E11  19021351  2.20842E11  18475796  2.17324E11   8787587   7.6605E10
  Housing assistance                          1.72305E11   9306685  1.06277E11   8934948  1.03534E11   2865175  2.00611E10
  Energy assistance                           8.47787E10   4581902  4.73157E10   4424006  4.60733E10   2024371  1.63132E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        3.39869E11  18918587  2.38535E11  18530023  2.35913E11  10924435  1.20459E11
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             2.00539E11   7459035  7.67975E10   7143107  7.44452E10   2856394  1.98386E10

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      8.34833E10   6748393  7.52809E10   6705888   7.5099E10   5823662  6.47743E10
  Medicare                                    3.25054E10   2582371  2.30015E10   2576212  2.29747E10   2333730  1.97246E10
  Medicaid                                    4.46563E11  24829415  2.88546E11  24263332  2.84997E11  14842963  1.46894E11
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0         0           0         0           0         0           0
  Health insurance                                     0         0           0         0           0         0           0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                       1.59711E10    758093  6569994322    751935  6543202352    551899  4019707518

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                29447520  3.14536E11  31504218  3.34385E11  51465346  5.83438E11  44116841

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 20050757  2.10863E11  21462966  2.23442E11  33388319   3.6904E11  28296077
  White alone                                 19754681  2.07783E11  21121879  2.19736E11  32790156  3.61926E11  27780926
    White alone, not Hispanic                 13248420   1.3559E11  14504530  1.48348E11  21263475  2.27653E11  18730395
Black alone or in combination                  7653414  8.32582E10   8047104  8.71189E10  15135806  1.79952E11  13301539
  Black alone                                  7510211  8.15346E10   7901897  8.53716E10  14885291  1.76634E11  13074414
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              1304056  1.57738E10   1472806  1.79812E10   2042722  2.41613E10   1758417
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  1262902  1.55208E10   1430901  1.77118E10   1946923  2.32588E10   1673779
  Asian alone or in combination                1222480  1.49975E10   1392024  1.72052E10   1915766  2.28678E10   1660314
    Asian alone                                1183899  1.47589E10   1352670  1.69499E10   1827867  2.19987E10   1579864
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                       85599   830360233     85631   848154614    137828  1393627585    107026
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                      79003   761872421     78231   761900412    119011  1260081366     93871
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                        819270  8514995015    946256  1.03407E10   1638456  1.88826E10   1400144
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                          555907  5884092226    639884  7108173964   1136217  1.32738E10    979588
Two or more races                               363820  3813982497    409657  4457038219    706803  8345324850    608179
Hispanic (of any race)                         7151768  7.96611E10   7303080  7.92052E10  12866346  1.50207E11  10185274
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  13422174  1.37305E11  14708991  1.50484E11  21634512  2.31586E11  19057716

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 4807089  5.03898E10   5001408  5.33428E10   7989253  9.27102E10   6968295
25 to 44 years                                14638060  1.61024E11  15046537  1.67625E11  28060513  3.28968E11  22811840
45 to 54 years                                 3988966  3.99592E10   4418596  4.40931E10   6975170  7.38518E10   6168824
55 to 64 years                                 3618059  4.11289E10   4025783  4.29617E10   4978699  5.64906E10   4777316
65 years and over                              2395347  2.20342E10   3011895  2.63628E10   3461710  3.14178E10   3390565

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       10795340  1.22577E11  11788803  1.30004E11  17456834  1.98397E11  14351890

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18               5946184  7.77947E10   6126673   7.7832E10  11230564  1.39906E11   8204246
    With related children under 6              3835908   5.1201E10   4019553  5.29525E10   7358536  9.62644E10   5333864
Male householder, no wife present              2884802  2.85563E10   2994149  2.95999E10   4276383  4.52767E10   3737260
Female householder, no husband present        15767378  1.63403E11  16721266  1.74781E11  29732129  3.39764E11  26027691
  With related children under 18              14036012  1.47846E11  14765925  1.57331E11  27396674  3.19326E11  23741811
    With related children under 6              8785830  9.62223E10   9109514  1.00625E11  16707740   2.0489E11  14540236

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                      4623191   5.0591E10   4944357  5.31167E10   8399118  9.37677E10   7328253
Midwest                                        5693876  5.93197E10   6159379  6.40988E10  10412057  1.16893E11   9029341
South                                         13184846  1.35527E11  13859353  1.42257E11  22201684  2.50219E11  19046854
West                                           5945607  6.90988E10   6541129  7.49123E10  10452486  1.22558E11   8712393

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma               9989463  1.06627E11  10445109  1.09337E11  18313968  2.13577E11  15480789
High school graduate, no college              10238389  1.05185E11  10702499  1.09857E11  17803757  1.97401E11  15198616
College: Less than bachelor's degree           6218430  6.80689E10   6840097  7.48125E10  11018155  1.21926E11   9458470
         Bachelor's degree or more             3001237  3.46544E10   3516514  4.03776E10   4329465  5.05335E10   3978966

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    27052173  2.92502E11  28492324  3.08022E11  48003635   5.5202E11  40726276
Worked at full-time jobs                       4382153  3.90808E10   4250178  3.42154E10  11504132  1.08341E11   7190546
  50 to 52 weeks                               2039882  1.72552E10   1847118   1.3447E10   5838574  5.09383E10   3139072
Worked at part-time jobs                       3315945  2.72359E10   3322247  2.65417E10   7363186  6.99098E10   5492155
Did not work                                  19354074  2.26185E11  20919899  2.47265E11  29136317   3.7377E11  28043574

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    25735709  2.78979E11  28159846  3.06412E11  42514566  5.01132E11  38914140
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  23410523  2.57563E11  25230515  2.80695E11  39199114  4.71234E11  35636039
  Householder 65 years and over                2325186  2.14159E10   2929331  2.57171E10   3315452  2.98977E10   3278101
One worker                                     3365068  3.12851E10   3111584  2.60568E10   8434284  7.73389E10   4839480
Two workers or more                             346742  4272147375    232788  1915769000    516496  4967023026    363221

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                              4022264  3.13964E10   4243258  3.17854E10   9858674   9.9363E10   9135495
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI        2452089  2.02011E10   2553032  2.07195E10   6653434  7.15303E10   6079964
    SSI                                        1851863  1.32988E10   1979428  1.31772E10   4035046  3.52767E10   3871368
  Food stamps                                  8434248   7.5187E10   8808536  7.66434E10  22592381  2.60002E11  19414743
  Housing assistance                           2865175  2.00611E10   2871094  2.00689E10  10735740   1.2198E11   9498153
  Energy assistance                            1919295  1.55412E10   2031672  1.63211E10   5416978  5.56673E10   4650565
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        10582655  1.18736E11  10949879  1.20512E11  23520943  2.86763E11  19249865
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                              2678040  1.90586E10   2869056  1.98594E10   8185534  8.48056E10   7582240

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                       5642418  6.34803E10   5827776  6.47852E10   9693591  1.02725E11   7772268
  Medicare                                     2046765  1.78719E10   2341968  1.97677E10   2749649  2.42087E10   2621755
  Medicaid                                    14313165  1.43341E11  14885899  1.47037E11  29958306  3.41749E11  25246579
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                         485143  3661810050    556996  4055094578    868397  7336389950    779699

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

  All families                                 5.0956E11      1243

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 3.17669E11      1243
  White alone                                 3.11526E11      1243
    White alone, not Hispanic                  2.0349E11      1243
Black alone or in combination                 1.61779E11      1243
  Black alone                                 1.58668E11      1243
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             2.15096E10      1243
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  2.0695E10      1243
  Asian alone or in combination                2.0546E10      1243
    Asian alone                               1.97545E10      1243
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    1056306584      1243
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                    940486274      1243
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      1.60923E10      1243
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                        1.14003E10      1243
Two or more races                             7270616907      1243
Hispanic (of any race)                        1.21603E11      1243
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                   2.0709E11      1243

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                8.28076E10      1243
25 to 44 years                                2.76041E11      1243
45 to 54 years                                6.58511E10      1243
55 to 64 years                                 5.4254E10      1243
65 years and over                             3.06064E10      1243

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       1.64176E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell
  With related children under 18              1.06497E11      1243
    With related children under 6             7.23886E10      1243
Male householder, no wife present             4.04938E10      1243
Female householder, no husband present         3.0489E11      1243
  With related children under 18              2.84838E11      1243
    With related children under 6             1.82963E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Region

Northeast                                     8.27217E10      1057
Midwest                                       1.03608E11      1280
South                                         2.18735E11      1342
West                                          1.04495E11      1355

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              1.83393E11      1243
High school graduate, no college              1.72214E11      1243
College: Less than bachelor's degree           1.0701E11      1243
         Bachelor's degree or more            4.69422E10      1243

Work Experience in 2006-RS

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    4.78953E11      1243
Worked at full-time jobs                      6.73578E10      1243
  50 to 52 weeks                              2.68785E10      1243
Worked at part-time jobs                      5.01819E10      1243
Did not work                                  3.61414E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    4.62426E11      1243
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  4.32856E11      1243
  Householder 65 years and over               2.95697E10      1243
One worker                                    4.36231E10      1243
Two workers or more                           3510577014      1243

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             9.16397E10      1243
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       6.51937E10      1243
    SSI                                       3.38098E10      1243
  Food stamps                                 2.24773E11      1243
  Housing assistance                          1.08155E11      1243
  Energy assistance                           4.76995E10      1243
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        2.41139E11      1243
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             7.80166E10      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006-RS

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      8.58072E10      1243
  Medicare                                    2.32669E10      1243
  Medicaid                                    2.92812E11      1243
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0      1243
  Health insurance                                     0      1243
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                       6656285414      1243
Race Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
Last revised: December 31, 2007
URL: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/macro/032007/rdcall/5RS_000.htm