U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau


Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement
Contents for Group

CAUTION: Whenever a base of an income distribution is relatively small, the medians, means, and percent distributions are extremely unreliable because of the limited size of the sample. Pay particular attention to the standard errors for small population estimates, especially if the base is less than 75,000.



Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                   78454      8302         76      9925         56      9927         56

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                    64963      7961         90      9491         61      9495         61
  White alone                                    64120      7957         91      9474         61      9479         62
    White alone, not Hispanic                    54657      7819        108      9371         65      9379         66
Black alone or in combination                     9504      9088        153     11403        137     11387        137
  Black alone                                     9274      9082        154     11388        137     11372        137
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 3687      8681        410     10525        352     10482        352
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     3506      8674        424     10465        357     10430        357
  Asian alone or in combination                   3489      8719        429     10567        367     10542        368
    Asian alone                                   3346      8669        442     10468        371     10448        372
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                         228      8022       1303      9622       1151      9296       1125
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                        160      8828       1484     10370       1252     10098       1233
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          1261      8582        447     10882        385     10845        389
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             617      8947        555     11417        509     11392        509
Two or more races                                  938      8261        678     10726        563     10666        575
Hispanic (of any race)                           10155      8327        157     10016        148     10008        148
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                     55361      7812        107      9385         65      9391         66

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    3534      9395        204     10135        204     10105        204
25 to 44 years                                   31733      8758        108     10440        113     10423        113
45 to 54 years                                   17816      7805        187     10233        173     10221        174

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
55 to 64 years                                   12981      7532        237     10590        160     10593        161
65 years and over                                12389      5996        197      9054         71      9072         72

Type of Family

Married-couple families                          58964      7653        125      9337         71      9342         71
  With related children under 18                 27317      8342        178      9978        182      9950        183
    With related children under 6                12885      9011        239     10012        247      9994        248
Male householder, no wife present                 5067      7726        241      9721        207      9703        207
Female householder, no husband present           14424      8859        103     10801         96     10792         96
  With related children under 18                  9894      9200        111     11157        114     11134        114
    With related children under 6                 4035     10010        154     11705        163     11676        163

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                        14197      8199        168      9873        124      9864        124
Midwest                                          17706      8390        170      9621        124      9676        125
South                                            29142      8342        120     10108         87     10094         87
West                                             17409      8217        183      9908        137      9894        139

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                 10624      8641        134     10612        105     10599        105
High school graduate, no college                 23574      8020        124      9644         90      9663         91
College: Less than bachelor's degree             21257      8050        158      9588        116      9574        117
         Bachelor's degree or more               22999      8834        272      9584        160      9584        162

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                       66065      8553         81     10394         76     10380         76
Worked at full-time jobs                         47198      6472        119      6842        115      6815        114
  50 to 52 weeks                                 41126      5725        144      5790        135      5774        133
Worked at part-time jobs                          7039      7619        160      8378        161      8334        160
Did not work                                     11827     10273        122     12998         99     13011         99

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                       21545      9109         90     10807         59     10823         60
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     12565      9570         96     11933         85     11929         85
  Householder 65 years and over                   8981      5957        198      9205         70      9226         71
One worker                                       34048      5962        129      5890        115      5881        114
Two workers or more                              22861      6397        573      6163        505      5931        499

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 3843      8028        149     12887        140     12887        140
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           1369      9261        200     14066        227     14017        227
    SSI                                           2723      6502        184     12612        167     12638        168
  Food stamps                                     5033      8946        119     11904        121     11882        122
  Housing assistance                              2398      9407        171     12285        167     12261        167
  Energy assistance                               1633      7986        205     11391        195     11387        196
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            7921      9098        125     11426        131     11396        131
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1760      8683        171     13922        179     13924        179

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                Before taxes
                                                                               Money income--
                                                             Excluding          Definition 1         Definition 2
                                                           capital gains       less government           plus
                                                         (current measure)        transfers          capital gains
                                                           Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                 Total         Def 1                Def 2                Def 3
                                              (thous.)     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                         55276      7171        152      7916        100      7927        101
  Medicare                                       10799      5926        210      9206         72      9229         73
  Medicaid                                       13136      8551        101     11149         95     11142         95
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   0         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           1300      5426        343     10714        203     10710        205

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                   10064         57      9950         56     10029         56     10056         59

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     9613         62      9506         61      9588         61      9621         64
  White alone                                     9597         63      9492         61      9574         62      9606         64
    White alone, not Hispanic                     9489         67      9382         66      9452         66      9504         67
Black alone or in combination                    11574        140     11469        136     11533        137     11591        146
  Black alone                                    11560        140     11462        137     11529        137     11580        147
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                10917        362     10526        354     10537        355     10535        374
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                    10873        367     10460        359     10463        361     10435        379
  Asian alone or in combination                  10989        378     10535        371     10556        372     10597        391
    Asian alone                                  10909        383     10436        375     10447        376     10466        395
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        9506       1137      9882       1091      9877       1097      9322       1171
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                      10289       1218     10787       1161     10654       1178      9884       1219
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                         10973        395     10881        385     10956        387     10769        405
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                           11459        511     11494        498     11588        498     11248        522
Two or more races                                10829        585     10573        569     10586        574     10721        612
Hispanic (of any race)                           10171        151     10065        144     10178        147     10152        163
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      9504         66      9394         65      9464         65      9517         67

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                   10318        207     10202        201     10411        201     10333        223

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                   10648        116     10439        111     10647        114     10853        128
45 to 54 years                                   10428        177     10263        171     10350        172     10415        181
55 to 64 years                                   10781        163     10589        161     10560        161     10634        162
65 years and over                                 9108         72      9078         71      9065         71      9060         71

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           9438         72      9381         71      9449         72      9442         73
  With related children under 18                 10223        194     10078        179     10406        190     10622        224
    With related children under 6                10218        262     10194        243     10480        258     10263        305
Male householder, no wife present                 9954        210      9684        204      9562        204      9719        217
Female householder, no husband present           10969         98     10798         95     10926         95     11008        102
  With related children under 18                 11350        116     11175        113     11387        113     11552        124
    With related children under 6                11867        166     11765        161     11969        161     11965        177

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                        10042        127      9907        124     10005        124     10025        130
Midwest                                           9799        127      9719        124      9809        125      9817        130
South                                            10224         88     10107         86     10162         86     10167         91
West                                             10026        141      9896        137      9994        138     10098        146

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                 10752        106     10679        104     10734        105     10617        111
High school graduate, no college                  9786         92      9671         90      9771         90      9891         95
College: Less than bachelor's degree              9741        119      9592        116      9692        117      9730        122
         Bachelor's degree or more                9642        164      9480        162      9495        162      9593        165

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                       10594         78     10407         75     10548         76     10661         83
Worked at full-time jobs                          6897        120      6921        112      7054        117      6446        134
  50 to 52 weeks                                  5851        141      5915        130      6056        138      5211        157
Worked at part-time jobs                          8344        165      8460        159      8543        160      7852        171
Did not work                                     13184         99     13032         99     13077         99     13219        100

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                       10870         60     10856         60     10874         60     10795         61
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     12022         86     11976         85     12026         85     11970         89
  Householder 65 years and over                   9240         72      9233         71      9223         71      9206         71
One worker                                        5998        123      6053        112      6137        118      5509        133
Two workers or more                               5559        476      6059        437      5753        453      4973        476

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                12962        141     12979        138     13011        138     12829        145
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI          14083        229     14085        226     14206        225     14024        237
    SSI                                          12725        168     12741        166     12731        166     12571        173
  Food stamps                                    11993        123     11986        120     12068        121     12043        130
  Housing assistance                             12426        167     12444        164     12440        165     12215        178
  Energy assistance                              11552        197     11535        194     11612        194     11504        205
  Free or reduced-price school lunches           11654        135     11435        129     11743        132     11864        148
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                14043        179     14066        176     14153        176     13930        185

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                 Before taxes                              After taxes
                                                 Definition 3
                                                  plus health
                                                   insurance          Definition 4         Definition 5         Definition 6
                                                supplements to            less                 less                 plus
                                                wage or salary       Social Security          Federal           Earned Income
                                                    income            payroll taxes        income taxes          Tax Credit
                                                 Mean deficit          Mean defict         Mean deficit          Mean defict
                                                    Def 4                 Def 5                Def 6                Def 7
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          8196        108      8011        105      8074        106      8250        112
  Medicare                                        9252         73      9246         73      9224         73      9194         73
  Medicaid                                       11218         96     11124         93     11270         94     11319        102
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                          10747        205     10713        205     10722        205     10620        208

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                   10021         59      9315         86      9415         87      9415         87

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     9589         64      8838        101      8938        102      8941        102
  White alone                                     9576         64      8821        101      8923        103      8926        103
    White alone, not Hispanic                     9469         67      8730        117      8848        119      8856        119
Black alone or in combination                    11548        146     10362        172     10484        173     10478        173
  Black alone                                    11537        147     10343        173     10462        174     10457        174
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                10466        375      9987        474     10001        470      9991        470
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                    10366        380      9982        492     10000        489      9989        489
  Asian alone or in combination                  10521        391     10117        497     10145        493     10136        493
    Asian alone                                  10391        396     10073        516     10103        512     10093        512
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        9360       1170      8003       1320      7874       1338      7858       1339
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       9920       1220      8512       1419      8380       1445      8359       1447
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                         10690        404      9860        502      9872        514      9860        513
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                           11210        521     10258        620     10221        633     10211        632
Two or more races                                10599        610      9770        758      9846        775      9834        773
Hispanic (of any race)                           10140        163      9219        186      9274        188      9266        188
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      9481         67      8734        116      8854        118      8861        118

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                   10293        223     10132        229     10198        230     10194        230

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                   10799        128     10047        132     10090        133     10090        133
45 to 54 years                                   10409        181      9042        201      9121        203      9121        203
55 to 64 years                                   10625        162      8540        228      8627        235      8637        235
65 years and over                                 9025         71      6726        199      6894        204      6889        204

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           9418         73      8387        139      8515        141      8517        141
  With related children under 18                 10599        225      9362        229      9448        231      9455        231
    With related children under 6                10229        305      9381        295      9438        298      9426        298
Male householder, no wife present                 9593        217      8088        255      8195        264      8225        264
Female householder, no husband present           10977        103     10146        117     10207        118     10199        118
  With related children under 18                 11529        124     10698        129     10735        130     10725        130
    With related children under 6                11926        178     11398        180     11446        180     11441        180

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                        10049        130      9894        198      9965        201      9963        201
Midwest                                           9698        131      9499        196      9608        197      9603        197
South                                            10152         91      8949        130      9072        132      9080        132
West                                             10064        146      9432        207      9497        210      9488        210

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                 10574        111      9552        152      9673        155      9673        155
High school graduate, no college                  9847         95      9198        140      9352        142      9361        142
College: Less than bachelor's degree              9707        122      9054        179      9078        180      9068        180
         Bachelor's degree or more                9595        165      9464        281      9454        283      9442        282

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                       10628         83      9663         92      9730         93      9731         93
Worked at full-time jobs                          6391        134      6320        142      6345        143      6341        143
  50 to 52 weeks                                  5169        156      5246        167      5250        169      5235        169
Worked at part-time jobs                          7816        171      7451        179      7516        181      7512        181
Did not work                                     13195        100     11937        124     12040        124     12045        124

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                       10763         61     10229         96     10351         97     10353         97
  Householder 15 to 64 years                     11946         89     10803        104     10888        104     10891        104
  Householder 65 years and over                   9166         71      6776        203      6902        208      6898        208
One worker                                        5472        133      5663        151      5698        153      5691        153
Two workers or more                               4994        475      4954        514      5010        524      4994        525

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                12811        145     11567        162     11652        166     11649        166
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI          13959        239     13048        244     13057        245     13054        245
    SSI                                          12581        172     11099        203     11211        212     11207        212
  Food stamps                                    11969        131     10622        138     10732        139     10729        139
  Housing assistance                             12227        178     11194        196     11244        198     11242        198
  Energy assistance                              11445        206     10002        244     10092        248     10090        248
  Free or reduced-price school lunches           11850        148     10679        152     10710        153     10709        153
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                13903        186     12516        199     12595        202     12593        202

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                      Definition 8
                                                                          plus
                                                 Definition 7           nonmeans-                               Definition 10
                                                     less                tested            Definition 9             plus
                                                     State             government              plus             regular-price
                                                 income taxes        cash transfers          Medicare          school lunches
                                                  Mean defict          Mean defict         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                     Def 8                Def 9               Def 10               Def 11
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          8204        112      7900        192      8038        195      8039        195
  Medicare                                        9174         73      6769        204      6889        216      6888        216
  Medicaid                                       11272        102     10093        114     10151        116     10150        116
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                          10620        208      7594        320      7441        350      7440        350

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    8437         84      8684         86      7394         83      7430         87

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     8094         99      8312        101      7325         98      7392        103
  White alone                                     8086        100      8303        102      7323         99      7395        104
    White alone, not Hispanic                     8018        117      8246        119      7371        118      7370        124
Black alone or in combination                     9235        168      9571        174      7446        169      7492        174
  Black alone                                     9216        169      9551        175      7422        170      7463        175
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 8797        456      8996        467      8464        479      8170        494
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     8778        472      8947        482      8544        496      8246        513
  Asian alone or in combination                   8889        477      9058        488      8484        499      8185        518
    Asian alone                                   8820        493      8987        504      8550        517      8247        538
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        7416       1396      7990       1462      8103       1575      7878       1493
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       8241       1534      8334       1553      8444       1589      8225       1524
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          8606        466      8962        481      7229        483      6858        475
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                            8784        565      9103        585      7117        583      6630        564
Two or more races                                 8706        752      9157        775      7684        772      7628        784
Hispanic (of any race)                            8295        177      8508        182      7230        173      7393        182
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      8016        116      8248        118      7361        117      7360        123

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    9619        223     10008        224      8285        219      8070        217

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
25 to 44 years                                    8950        125      9253        129      7636        128      7641        128
45 to 54 years                                    7754        197      8000        202      6937        200      6814        209
55 to 64 years                                    7776        245      7921        249      7259        237      7491        272
65 years and over                                 6267        202      6323        204      6097        203      6256        241

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           7781        141      8014        144      7431        142      7541        154
  With related children under 18                  8788        223      9164        232      8233        234      8395        247
    With related children under 6                 9046        296      9478        309      8696        307      8679        319
Male householder, no wife present                 7716        262      7918        265      7218        249      7449        256
Female householder, no husband present            8982        112      9249        115      7400        112      7352        114
  With related children under 18                  9437        122      9741        125      7676        124      7556        124
    With related children under 6                10193        168     10599        171      8209        168      8107        168

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         8488        185      8707        189      7501        198      7417        207
Midwest                                           8446        186      8781        191      7182        185      7079        191
South                                             8448        131      8629        134      7331        125      7447        129
West                                              8361        205      8686        212      7664        211      7767        225

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  8508        146      8846        150      7171        140      7312        147
High school graduate, no college                  8336        138      8554        142      7226        137      7314        141
College: Less than bachelor's degree              8258        176      8467        180      7443        186      7384        194
         Bachelor's degree or more                9048        288      9117        290      8846        290      8527        314

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        8694         90      8975         92      7562         90      7553         92
Worked at full-time jobs                          6128        141      6305        148      5255        139      5492        154
  50 to 52 weeks                                  5185        171      5368        181      4620        173      4994        196
Worked at part-time jobs                          7000        170      7304        174      5819        165      5899        172
Did not work                                     10487        126     10766        127      9045        125      8950        128

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        9165         94      9371         96      7904         94      7859         97
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      9591        102      9835        104      8192        103      8062        105
  Householder 65 years and over                   6270        207      6319        208      6084        206      6273        246
One worker                                        5591        156      5860        165      5161        163      5573        181
Two workers or more                               4912        530      5031        565      4873        577      6261        800

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 8016        154      8407        160      5531        137      5519        144
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           9089        208      9528        216      6056        200      5985        205
    SSI                                           6648        192      7080        201      4830        165      4858        180
  Food stamps                                     8943        129      9463        135      6342        119      6354        124
  Housing assistance                              9318        181      9782        188      5237        149      5237        149
  Energy assistance                               7999        220      8355        228      5393        205      5438        214
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            9281        143      9647        148      7411        145      7449        151
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 8598        177      9125        183      5389        152      5285        157

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                                 After taxes
                                                                                                                Definition 14
                                                 Definition 11                             Definition 13            plus
                                                     plus                                   plus other           net imputed
                                                 means-tested         Definition 12        means-tested            return
                                                  government              plus              government            on equity
                                                cash transfers          Medicaid         noncash transfers       in own home
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 12               Def 13               Def 14               Def 15
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7781        193      7910        197      7566        205      7932        215
  Medicare                                        6276        223      6303        225      6005        216      6128        242
  Medicaid                                        8601        111      9048        116      6920        108      6960        112
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           5647        380      5697        388      4814        341      4956        378

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

  All families                                    7207         82      8292         74      8190         81

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     7139         97      7952         88      7836         97
  White alone                                     7138         98      7955         89      7832         97
    White alone, not Hispanic                     7188        117      7793        105      7743        114
Black alone or in combination                     7255        166      9071        149      9049        163
  Black alone                                     7230        167      9076        150      9029        164
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                 8387        473      8568        395      8336        434
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                     8467        490      8560        409      8323        448
  Asian alone or in combination                   8400        493      8600        413      8394        454
    Asian alone                                   8467        511      8551        426      8339        468
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                        8062       1505      7898       1202      7127       1319
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                       8469       1530      8789       1401      8169       1463
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                          6917        470      8640        437      8286        458
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                            6775        567      9183        542      8724        563
Two or more races                                 7450        751      7901        654      8127        730
Hispanic (of any race)                            7025        169      8352        153      8097        172
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      7175        116      7776        104      7740        113

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    8182        218      9443        198      9541        220
25 to 44 years                                    7478        126      8788        106      8676        121
45 to 54 years                                    6751        197      7652        180      7685        193

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error
55 to 64 years                                    7076        232      7422        229      7421        234
65 years and over                                 5760        198      5998        196      5921        196

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           7190        139      7707        123      7428        134
  With related children under 18                  7979        228      8523        174      8311        208
    With related children under 6                 8377        299      9241        236      8760        277
Male householder, no wife present                 6987        247      7712        230      7592        254
Female householder, no husband present            7259        111      8802        100      8817        111
  With related children under 18                  7517        122      9196        108      9268        120
    With related children under 6                 8036        166     10053        150     10039        166

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Region

Northeast                                         7242        195      8175        166      8148        180
Midwest                                           7066        182      8461        166      8285        182
South                                             7168        124      8304        117      8210        128
West                                              7402        206      8201        178      8088        198

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  6931        137      8630        131      8247        142
High school graduate, no college                  7074        135      8041        121      8082        135
College: Less than bachelor's degree              7265        184      8025        154      8004        170
         Bachelor's degree or more                8733        289      8724        268      8920        284

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        7401         89      8532         79      8465         87
Worked at full-time jobs                          5180        137      6595        115      5993        135
  50 to 52 weeks                                  4533        170      5863        139      5114        164
Worked at part-time jobs                          5700        164      7683        155      6885        165
Did not work                                      8823        124     10204        121     10278        124

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        7718         93      9126         88      8959         93
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      8034        102      9568         95      9422        101
  Householder 65 years and over                   5789        202      6003        199      5934        200
One worker                                        5018        159      6063        124      5410        145
Two workers or more                               4622        537      6320        533      5628        580

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 5343        133      8056        148      7880        152
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI           5876        195      9320        198      9068        206
    SSI                                           4636        159      6517        182      6469        186
  Food stamps                                     6153        117      9028        118      8750        127
  Housing assistance                              5067        145      9389        169      9183        179
  Energy assistance                               5276        200      8111        202      7825        216
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            7197        143      9167        123      9020        139
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 5224        148      8717        170      8492        175

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                                          Money
                                                 Definition 14           Income
                                                     less              after taxes             Money
                                                    medical           not including           Income
                                                   programs               EITC              after taxes
                                                 Mean deficit         Mean deficit         Mean deficit
                                                    Def 16               Def 17               Def 18
                                                 Value  Std error     Value  Std error     Value  Std error

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          7378        203      7208        146      7155        171
  Medicare                                        5701        211      5930        209      5864        213
  Medicaid                                        6699        106      8604         99      8398        109
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      .          .         .          .         .          .
  Health insurance                                   .          .         .          .         .          .
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                           4726        327      5466        339      5320        348

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

  All families                                    7668     13871     13743     13237     13900     13685     12616     12655

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     5210     10494     10375     10022     10532     10350      9557      9584
  White alone                                     5118     10342     10226      9879     10379     10199      9419      9444
    White alone, not Hispanic                     3372      8088      7974      7719      8035      7938      7491      7518
Black alone or in combination                     2041      2780      2773      2653      2768      2739      2501      2510
  Black alone                                     2007      2738      2732      2613      2725      2696      2464      2473
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  292       436       434       403       437       435       404       406
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      278       416       415       385       418       416       387       389
  Asian alone or in combination                    272       407       405       376       409       407       378       380
    Asian alone                                    260       391       389       360       392       391       364       366
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          23        33        33        31        33        32        29        29
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         17        26        26        24        25        25        23        23
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           237       339       336       326       342       337       315       317
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             157       202       201       197       205       202       191       191
Two or more races                                  108       174       170       163       174       172       156       158
Hispanic (of any race)                            1922      2474      2472      2369      2560      2479      2133      2131
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      3436      8209      8092      7832      8156      8056      7600      7629

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    1005      1082      1084      1037      1097      1067       947       949
25 to 44 years                                    3985      4592      4572      4318      4689      4499      3756      3765
45 to 54 years                                    1108      1626      1619      1525      1628      1606      1475      1477
55 to 64 years                                     818      1712      1703      1640      1709      1718      1668      1673
65 years and over                                  752      4859      4765      4716      4778      4795      4770      4791

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           2910      7564      7453      7192      7517      7361      6898      6913
  With related children under 18                  1746      2152      2143      1959      2191      2021      1578      1576

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8
    With related children under 6                 1052      1204      1194      1094      1217      1120       886       885
Male householder, no wife present                  671       997       996       951      1020      1034       938       952
Female householder, no husband present            4087      5309      5295      5094      5363      5289      4780      4789
  With related children under 18                  3615      4179      4177      3995      4219      4122      3626      3627
    With related children under 6                 2001      2183      2185      2098      2198      2151      1917      1920

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Region

Northeast                                         1274      2371      2370      2257      2361      2328      2169      2161
Midwest                                           1536      2934      2885      2776      2897      2847      2644      2676
South                                             3278      5817      5761      5586      5863      5791      5351      5359
West                                              1579      2749      2727      2618      2779      2718      2451      2458

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2620      4283      4265      4134      4332      4271      3962      3976
High school graduate, no college                  2752      5241      5175      4997      5248      5153      4707      4726
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1703      3055      3022      2871      3031      2978      2730      2736
         Bachelor's degree or more                 594      1293      1282      1235      1289      1282      1217      1216

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        6916      9012      8978      8520      9122      8889      7846      7864
Worked at full-time jobs                          2299      2714      2710      2436      2800      2631      1953      1959
  50 to 52 weeks                                  1364      1563      1561      1368      1648      1498      1029      1031
Worked at part-time jobs                          1191      1463      1460      1396      1494      1463      1274      1274
Did not work                                      3427      4835      4808      4688      4828      4796      4618      4630

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5688     11377     11250     11057     11280     11252     10861     10890
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      4961      6679      6646      6479      6670      6629      6247      6254
  Householder 65 years and over                    726      4698      4604      4577      4609      4623      4615      4636
One worker                                        1880      2376      2371      2075      2496      2309      1656      1666
Two workers or more                                101       118       122       105       124       124        98        98

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 1569      2441      2437      2394      2441      2430      2347      2349
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            895      1070      1071      1049      1071      1059      1009      1012
    SSI                                            840      1592      1588      1564      1591      1590      1557      1555
  Food stamps                                     3135      3768      3756      3652      3796      3736      3373      3389
  Housing assistance                              1397      1718      1714      1664      1705      1699      1594      1591
  Energy assistance                                862      1188      1182      1150      1189      1172      1084      1087
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            3236      3831      3825      3642      3925      3749      3201      3197
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1189      1522      1521      1492      1518      1505      1451      1452

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 1   Defin 2   Defin 3   Defin 4   Defin 5   Defin 6   Defin 7   Defin 8

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          1704      3572      3522      3015      3225      3179      2841      2859
  Medicare                                         604      4524      4439      4405      4450      4462      4444      4455
  Medicaid                                        4366      5901      5874      5731      6038      5888      5250      5263
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            220       697       688       678       693       690       679       679

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

  All families                                    7147      6960      6954      6490      6180      5596      5220      5782

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     4806      4677      4671      4368      4181      3844      3564      3973
  White alone                                     4721      4593      4587      4294      4111      3782      3508      3908
    White alone, not Hispanic                     3189      3088      3082      2874      2751      2530      2320      2611
Black alone or in combination                     1935      1887      1887      1756      1650      1427      1352      1473
  Black alone                                     1906      1859      1859      1730      1626      1406      1332      1451
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  277       270       270       249       239       222       206       226
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      264       256       256       237       229       213       197       217
  Asian alone or in combination                    259       251       251       232       224       209       192       213
    Asian alone                                    247       240       240       222       215       201       184       204
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          20        20        20        19        17        14        14        14
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         16        16        16        14        14        12        13        12
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           231       226       226       208       194       178       166       188
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             158       156       156       143       133       124       119       132
Two or more races                                   99        96        96        86        80        71        64        74
Hispanic (of any race)                            1714      1683      1683      1579      1507      1380      1316      1433
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      3250      3147      3141      2926      2799      2571      2355      2655

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                     894       885       885       869       823       762       757       775
25 to 44 years                                    3373      3345      3341      3191      3008      2631      2562      2703
45 to 54 years                                    1129      1095      1095       980       930       846       784       876
55 to 64 years                                     904       862       861       762       741       715       620       742
65 years and over                                  848       773       773       688       678       641       496       686

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           2590      2490      2486      2317      2206      2089      1889      2184
  With related children under 18                  1287      1260      1256      1197      1116      1019       966      1065

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16
    With related children under 6                  777       765       765       748       692       629       602       663
Male householder, no wife present                  673       645       642       599       578       536       499       556
Female householder, no husband present            3883      3826      3826      3574      3396      2970      2832      3042
  With related children under 18                  3277      3250      3250      3095      2930      2530      2457      2596
    With related children under 6                 1802      1789      1789      1738      1630      1444      1417      1485

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Region

Northeast                                         1165      1140      1140      1054       998       860       821       898
Midwest                                           1417      1388      1388      1323      1248      1130      1065      1157
South                                             3046      2963      2958      2805      2708      2481      2319      2551
West                                              1519      1469      1469      1307      1226      1125      1015      1176

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2562      2476      2475      2294      2163      1966      1844      2054
High school graduate, no college                  2515      2442      2438      2270      2166      1946      1836      2000
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1523      1499      1499      1409      1340      1194      1103      1230
         Bachelor's degree or more                 548       543       543       517       511       489       438       498

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        6299      6187      6181      5802      5502      4954      4724      5096
Worked at full-time jobs                          1681      1662      1660      1573      1474      1241      1200      1268
  50 to 52 weeks                                   915       905       905       857       789       661       646       679
Worked at part-time jobs                          1089      1067      1066      1017       948       819       803       841
Did not work                                      3530      3458      3455      3212      3080      2894      2721      2987

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5730      5573      5569      5184      4988      4563      4216      4698
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      4913      4822      4818      4518      4330      3940      3737      4038
  Householder 65 years and over                    817       751       751       666       658       623       479       660
One worker                                        1328      1301      1299      1221      1114       959       927      1002
Two workers or more                                 89        86        86        85        78        74        77        81

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 2007      1917      1917      1458      1328      1132      1081      1193
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            940       932       932       838       756       610       597       639
    SSI                                           1272      1183      1183       782       706       634       592       676
  Food stamps                                     2994      2923      2923      2719      2466      1969      1885      2052
  Housing assistance                              1393      1361      1361      1252      1133       831       831       871
  Energy assistance                                834       813       813       744       682       552       517       573
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            2820      2788      2788      2637      2462      2039      1957      2116
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1355      1318      1318      1115       995       808       781       849

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                               Defin 9  Defin 10  Defin 11  Defin 12  Defin 13  Defin 14  Defin 15  Defin 16

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          1197      1162      1160      1118      1087       992       910      1023
  Medicare                                         733       635       635       537       532       512       437       547
  Medicaid                                        4237      4131      4129      3715      3412      2941      2813      3073
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0         0         0         0         0         0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            329       273       273       187       183       169       143       178

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

  All families                                    7977      6908

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                     5438      4661
  White alone                                     5337      4578
    White alone, not Hispanic                     3493      3077
Black alone or in combination                     2110      1854
  Black alone                                     2073      1827
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination                  307       272
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                      293       260
  Asian alone or in combination                    286       255
    Asian alone                                    274       244
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                          24        20
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                         18        15
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                           244       220
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                             158       146
Two or more races                                  117        97
Hispanic (of any race)                            2028      1667
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                      3564      3133

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                    1038       892
25 to 44 years                                    4132      3398
45 to 54 years                                    1188      1042
55 to 64 years                                     865       827
65 years and over                                  755       748

Type of Family

Married-couple families                           3006      2564
  With related children under 18                  1793      1353

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18
    With related children under 6                 1068       829
Male householder, no wife present                  711       628
Female householder, no husband present            4260      3716
  With related children under 18                  3746      3215
    With related children under 6                 2061      1796

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Region

Northeast                                         1321      1151
Midwest                                           1571      1389
South                                             3423      2965
West                                              1663      1403

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma                  2737      2431
High school graduate, no college                  2853      2409
College: Less than bachelor's degree              1770      1518
         Bachelor's degree or more                 617       551

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                        7223      6160
Worked at full-time jobs                          2467      1754
  50 to 52 weeks                                  1484       978
Worked at part-time jobs                          1259      1076
Did not work                                      3497      3330

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                        5795      5405
  Householder 15 to 64 years                      5077      4688
  Householder 65 years and over                    719       718
One worker                                        2062      1406
Two workers or more                                120        97

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                                 1595      1515
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI            906       856
    SSI                                            856       823
  Food stamps                                     3199      2847
  Housing assistance                              1428      1300
  Energy assistance                                869       775
  Free or reduced-price school lunches            3332      2778
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                                 1207      1151

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                              Defin 17  Defin 18

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                          1801      1435
  Medicare                                         615       593
  Medicaid                                        4493      3887
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0         0
  Health insurance                                   0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                            227       211

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                63659359  8.01685E11  1.3767E8  1.84585E12  1.3643E8  1.83042E12  1.3322E8

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 41472119  5.06859E11  99601356  1.27531E12  98512405  1.26287E12  96348427
  White alone                                 40723153  4.97059E11  97974234  1.25186E12  96928363  1.23995E12  94807391
    White alone, not Hispanic                 26363208  3.12208E11  75793676  9.35484E11  74785966  9.23637E11  73244820
Black alone or in combination                 18547064  2.46799E11  31696143  4.77567E11  31581692  4.75306E11  30700345
  Black alone                                 18226124  2.42106E11  31177201  4.68288E11  31064327  4.66069E11  30206664
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              2536054  3.35565E10   4587106  6.71795E10   4550489  6.64962E10   4404621
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  2412160  3.21198E10   4357954   6.3349E10   4325240  6.27567E10   4182668
  Asian alone or in combination                2368784  3.15684E10   4296443  6.33069E10   4268348  6.28326E10   4130034
    Asian alone                                2258020  3.02249E10   4089303  5.97177E10   4063533  5.92932E10   3927496
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                      183407  2185043351    319540  4251031507    308693  3992258547    298863
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                     153698  1894034395    265041  3572637706    258097  3404919814    251563
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                       2035149  2.64884E10   3691292  5.38932E10   3641865   5.3234E10   3572667
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                         1408456  1.87515E10   2301566  3.47604E10   2295219  3.46237E10   2262969
Two or more races                               889907   1.1649E10   1861425  2.76491E10   1816019  2.70768E10   1761851
Hispanic (of any race)                        16006455  2.06826E11  24782920   3.5614E11  24740252  3.55954E11  24095926
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  26841488  3.17791E11  77043397  9.52589E11  75992789  9.40223E11  74432057

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 9440551  1.22412E11  10966211  1.50233E11  10957065  1.50104E11  10699620
25 to 44 years                                34899461  4.55862E11  47940092   7.1575E11  47651307  7.10395E11  45980080
45 to 54 years                                 8650148  1.02093E11  16642057  2.34277E11  16546271  2.32752E11  15902674
55 to 64 years                                 6161653  7.66805E10  18129476  2.52035E11  18039098  2.51438E11  17678647
65 years and over                              4507546  4.46372E10  43990934  4.93552E11  43231817  4.85728E11  42956913

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       22271301  2.77672E11  70630548  8.88887E11  69624813  8.77198E11  67875390

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18              14569294  1.98884E11  21474203  3.38111E11  21323022  3.35468E11  20023729
    With related children under 6              9482847  1.36318E11  12050442  1.91811E11  11931534  1.89544E11  11175073
Male householder, no wife present              5182075  6.10826E10   9694103  1.28422E11   9660299  1.28024E11   9465082
Female householder, no husband present        36205983   4.6293E11  57344118  8.28537E11  57140447  8.25194E11  55877461
  With related children under 18              33253984  4.34459E11  46622496  7.02423E11  46507852  7.00058E11  45346741
    With related children under 6             20030157  2.76558E11  25558154  4.01502E11  25512760  4.00348E11  24896044

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                     10448763  1.29005E11  23406663  3.13197E11  23381583  3.12904E11  22661039
Midwest                                       12887654  1.61289E11  28230378  3.74781E11  27913396  3.70995E11  27199430
South                                         27348156  3.42966E11  58795872  7.82954E11  58145009  7.74045E11  57107025
West                                          12974787  1.68424E11  27235856  3.74914E11  26985571  3.72473E11  26250439

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              22637575  2.95168E11  45448942  6.44502E11  45198243  6.40992E11  44451330
High school graduate, no college              22070358    2.708E11  50539247  6.66203E11  50007985  6.59982E11  48897118
College: Less than bachelor's degree          13707101  1.68417E11  29289991  3.81775E11  28933207  3.77106E11  27965728
         Bachelor's degree or more             5244326     6.73E10  12390590  1.53366E11  12286123  1.52336E11  11903756

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    59151813  7.57047E11  93677835  1.35229E12  93193741  1.34469E12  90261020
Worked at full-time jobs                      14877838  1.56336E11  18566503  2.04806E11  18467400  2.02943E11  16798611
  50 to 52 weeks                               7806212  7.57103E10   9051714  8.80042E10   9014797  8.69332E10   8005319
Worked at part-time jobs                       9070667  9.81432E10  12260206  1.47111E11  12171859  1.45354E11  11648921
Did not work                                  35203308  5.02568E11  62851126  1.00038E12  62554482  9.96392E11  61813488

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    51808219  6.80811E11  1.2295E8  1.69632E12  1.2176E8  1.68221E12  1.2019E8
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  47483198  6.38362E11  79703008   1.2101E12  79279801  1.20384E12  77897096
  Householder 65 years and over                4325021   4.2449E10  43242066   4.8622E11  42477773  4.78368E11  42290511
One worker                                    11207435  1.14084E11  13994609  1.42166E11  13946538  1.40968E11  12449164
Two workers or more                             643706  6789614264    729087  7359433944    721446  7241848994    581163

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             12592106  1.45029E11  31451499  4.98785E11  31408630  4.98444E11  31034955
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI        8288983  1.02459E11  15044267  2.58835E11  15009032  2.58123E11  14776211
    SSI                                        5461164  5.47044E10  20084095  3.10461E11  20068649    3.107E11  19897201
  Food stamps                                 28048691  3.63433E11  44848117  7.01783E11  44624116  6.98127E11  43802840
  Housing assistance                          13146326  1.69573E11  21104724  3.25581E11  21014869  3.23581E11  20678459
  Energy assistance                            6887684  8.00418E10  13536925  1.97458E11  13461343  1.96315E11  13280687
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        29443642  4.00556E11  43773766  7.03046E11  43591321  6.99576E11  42449595
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             10324737  1.23013E11  21187971   3.5458E11  21172345  3.54606E11  20947836

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 1          Definition 2          Definition 3       Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      12221237  1.41723E11  28275195  3.26022E11  27921811  3.22767E11  24714186
  Medicare                                     3579623  3.42182E10  41643852  4.68886E11  40966088  4.62174E11  40752141
  Medicaid                                    37331890  4.76399E11  65791736  9.84143E11  65441296  9.78754E11  64296735
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                        1194687  1.10588E10   7467275  9.60492E10   7366513  9.49281E10   7287074

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

  All families                                1.79628E12  1.3831E8  1.85513E12  1.3724E8  1.84637E12  1.2686E8  1.71418E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 1.23978E12  1.0012E8  1.28206E12  99234885  1.27478E12  91944414  1.18338E12
  White alone                                 1.21751E12  98516986  1.25896E12  97643584  1.25183E12  90479640   1.1621E12
    White alone, not Hispanic                 9.07899E11  75384195  9.30131E11  75026979   9.2768E11  71190046  8.81732E11
Black alone or in combination                 4.65595E11  31745907  4.78665E11  31589351  4.77427E11  28990064  4.43685E11
  Black alone                                 4.56861E11  31232293  4.69696E11  31083148  4.68574E11  28533421  4.35346E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             6.52038E10   4599140  6.76585E10   4585199   6.7551E10   4251797   6.3136E10
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                 6.14853E10   4368223  6.38025E10   4355004  6.36912E10   4040112  5.94755E10
  Asian alone or in combination                6.1645E10   4304113   6.3794E10   4296975  6.37915E10   4007635  6.00459E10
    Asian alone                               5.81246E10   4094427  6.01486E10   4087701  6.01395E10   3810931  5.65647E10
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    3868402022    322286  4203870454    314943  4094572655    266385  3384793861
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                   3302110301    270186  3595240429    263693  3493050194    225572  2852152689
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      5.24896E10   3722462  5.44939E10   3694841  5.41637E10   3394323  4.96355E10
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                         3.4126E10   2354406  3.54338E10   2338289  3.52199E10   2143441  3.20803E10
Two or more races                             2.63572E10   1837849  2.73044E10   1821149  2.71127E10   1671492  2.52419E10
Hispanic (of any race)                        3.48395E11  25769517  3.69102E11  25235260  3.64191E11  21650030  3.16533E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  9.24378E11  76611053  9.47062E11  76245186  9.44504E11  72333485   8.9773E11

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                1.47589E11  11188950  1.53153E11  11107599  1.52724E11   9783078  1.36793E11
25 to 44 years                                6.92487E11  48946097  7.28377E11  47896924  7.19787E11  40761549  6.28785E11
45 to 54 years                                2.24777E11  16705137  2.33842E11  16621276  2.33099E11  15360953  2.17274E11
55 to 64 years                                2.47905E11  18095003  2.52269E11  18141991  2.52848E11  17740814  2.47533E11
65 years and over                             4.83521E11  43370959  4.87492E11  43469775  4.87913E11  43218102  4.83796E11

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       8.58126E11  70517391  8.88607E11  69554760  8.80249E11  65131787  8.20005E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg
  With related children under 18              3.20673E11  22080029  3.46365E11  21031221  3.37287E11  16763651  2.78901E11
    With related children under 6              1.8013E11  12402636  1.96565E11  11733761  1.90277E11   9088319  1.51829E11
Male householder, no wife present             1.26143E11   9877601  1.30457E11   9891470  1.30501E11   9115837  1.21871E11
Female householder, no husband present        8.12009E11  57911155  8.36069E11  57791334   8.3562E11  52616872  7.72305E11
  With related children under 18              6.87984E11  47149258  7.10059E11  46933601  7.09162E11  41893997  6.47205E11
    With related children under 6             3.92849E11  25857079  4.05471E11  25742255  4.04816E11  22937358  3.67312E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Region

Northeast                                     3.04877E11  23392809  3.13382E11  23295251  3.12579E11  21746290  2.93104E11
Midwest                                       3.63835E11  28160455  3.74574E11  27930266  3.73051E11  25960062  3.47722E11
South                                         7.63621E11  59254523   7.8852E11  58851535  7.84947E11  54405288  7.28964E11
West                                          3.63946E11  27498359  3.78659E11  27160512  3.75794E11  24752856  3.44391E11

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              6.33743E11  46258574  6.56408E11  45844912  6.52559E11  42060634  6.01816E11
High school graduate, no college              6.49102E11  50753803  6.69463E11  50354354  6.66498E11  46562563  6.20239E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree          3.65833E11  29071264  3.78373E11  28866254  3.76979E11  26568813  3.47662E11
         Bachelor's degree or more            1.47601E11  12222505  1.50891E11  12172044  1.50334E11  11672487  1.44465E11

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    1.31276E12  94935188  1.36764E12  93767790  1.35846E12  83646394  1.23039E12
Worked at full-time jobs                      1.84814E11  19380727  2.13416E11  18560123  2.06943E11  12591742  1.36292E11
  50 to 52 weeks                              7.69123E10   9749746  9.48899E10   9072765  8.92421E10   5363385  4.88272E10
Worked at part-time jobs                      1.39736E11  12635276  1.51985E11  12495765  1.50763E11  10002342  1.16766E11
Did not work                                  9.88209E11  62919185  1.00224E12  62711902  1.00075E12  61052310  9.77328E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    1.66419E12  1.2244E8  1.69343E12  1.2235E8  1.69276E12  1.1725E8  1.62038E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years                   1.1872E12  79886956  1.21364E12  79718709  1.21263E12  74770153  1.14288E12
  Householder 65 years and over               4.76989E11  42557993  4.79789E11  42635888  4.80139E11  42479865  4.77495E11
One worker                                    1.26868E11  15107631   1.5476E11  14168286   1.4695E11   9124662  8.96002E10
Two workers or more                           5219062893    753568  6941177908    714681  6656013689    489816  4203741038

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             4.93489E11  31686978  5.03147E11  31618692  5.02478E11  30111441  4.79006E11
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       2.54589E11  15083586  2.59509E11  15042233  2.59161E11  14146827  2.44488E11
    SSI                                        3.0885E11  20270185  3.14174E11  20243959  3.13905E11  19575718  3.04209E11
  Food stamps                                 6.88005E11  45504647  7.11386E11  45086885  7.08241E11  40619784  6.44609E11
  Housing assistance                          3.19332E11  21218423  3.26985E11  21139646  3.26187E11  19474384  3.02766E11
  Energy assistance                           1.94695E11  13710253  2.00745E11  13612168  1.99724E11  12472464  1.83356E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        6.87924E11  44878160  7.20074E11  44022151  7.12625E11  37980983  6.30184E11
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             3.51549E11  21359298  3.58227E11  21299778   3.5778E11  20212392  3.39801E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                            Definition 4      Definition 5          Definition 6          Definition 7
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                       2.8863E11  25834937  2.99412E11  25667864  2.98294E11  23439135  2.74557E11
  Medicare                                    4.60258E11  41145563  4.64297E11  41162643  4.64118E11  40857484  4.59961E11
  Medicaid                                     9.6432E11  67168838  1.00092E12  66360611  9.94114E11  59425536  9.01376E11
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0         0           0         0           0         0           0
  Health insurance                                     0         0           0         0           0         0           0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                       9.39173E10   7419799  9.57644E10   7402524  9.55287E10   7211996  9.26563E10

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                1.2681E8  1.71246E12  66571343  9.21096E11  65531121  9.09288E11  65476052

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 91903480  1.18229E12  42480721  5.64071E11  41802324  5.56988E11  41762334
  White alone                                 90438046  1.16105E12  41643859   5.5204E11  40982638  5.45138E11  40943380
    White alone, not Hispanic                 71186953  8.81227E11  27840399  3.55206E11  27321954  3.49631E11  27294786
Black alone or in combination                 28990798  4.43268E11  20054142  2.96655E11  19787067  2.93655E11  19776320
  Black alone                                 28535833  4.35006E11  19712403  2.91006E11  19450282  2.88058E11  19439903
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              4247054  6.30302E10   2768398  4.15106E10   2696805  3.99155E10   2694004
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  4036318  5.94258E10   2632435  3.98297E10   2561333  3.82399E10   2558532
  Asian alone or in combination                4002680  5.99324E10   2617492  3.97624E10   2548038  3.81879E10   2545569
    Asian alone                                3806907  5.65064E10   2491286  3.81773E10   2422324  3.66082E10   2419854
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                      266908  3393693633    163366  1891494664    160735  1865481486    160404
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                     225801  2860771499    137539  1593748239    135399  1573100637    135068
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                       3388468  4.94294E10   2277937  3.32755E10   2233977  3.29443E10   2231344
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                         2136305  3.18848E10   1618078  2.42805E10   1593595  2.41196E10   1592063
Two or more races                              1671371  2.51565E10    968178  1.39986E10    946883  1.37912E10    945782
Hispanic (of any race)                        21609344  3.15938E11  15797162   2.2695E11  15612564  2.25316E11  15599281
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  72330543  8.97192E11  28384102  3.62423E11  27861273  3.56812E11  27833649

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 9766599  1.36664E11   9054682  1.25549E11   9025258   1.2535E11   9022439
25 to 44 years                                40659161  6.27051E11  33890453  5.00595E11  33748032  4.99029E11  33711083
45 to 54 years                                15372244  2.17292E11  10207365  1.33644E11   9992504  1.31001E11   9984219
55 to 64 years                                17775580  2.47724E11   7715879    1.001E11   7435766    9.706E10   7432427
65 years and over                             43240679  4.83729E11   5702964  6.12076E10   5329561  5.68474E10   5325884

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       65109161  8.19151E11  21724658  2.87245E11  21197313  2.80151E11  21175970

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18              16708573  2.77939E11  12044778  1.82636E11  11900283  1.80639E11  11879087
    With related children under 6              9048694  1.51092E11   7288662   1.1074E11   7223085  1.10136E11   7213938
Male householder, no wife present              9135555  1.21888E11   5446614  6.78633E10   5286027  6.65837E10   5282840
Female householder, no husband present        52569547  7.71421E11  39400070  5.65988E11  39047780  5.62553E11  39017241
  With related children under 18              41819740  6.46179E11  35058432  5.19625E11  34888420  5.17588E11  34858561
    With related children under 6             22894800  3.66755E11  20538031  3.18273E11  20477549  3.17585E11  20468624

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                     21718186  2.92835E11  11523090  1.64443E11  11362023  1.62729E11  11355650
Midwest                                       25955604  3.47211E11  13458968  1.87863E11  13337052  1.86661E11  13324885
South                                         54406853  7.28458E11  27261867  3.60994E11  26883819  3.57431E11  26861131
West                                          24733620  3.43955E11  14327418  2.07795E11  13948226  2.02467E11  13934385

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              42046692  6.01364E11  24471414  3.55827E11  23952208   3.4961E11  23937232
High school graduate, no college              46542926  6.19508E11  23130788  3.12336E11  22836006  3.09765E11  22818367
College: Less than bachelor's degree          26556359  3.47246E11  13785783  1.84775E11  13608243  1.82425E11  13592373
         Bachelor's degree or more            11668287  1.44341E11   5183357  6.81585E10   5134664  6.74882E10   5128079

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    83573583  1.22873E12  60868379  8.59888E11  60201560  8.52441E11  60150167
Worked at full-time jobs                      12523224  1.35289E11  10621166   1.1294E11  10546934  1.12517E11  10526835
  50 to 52 weeks                               5329032  4.84353E10   4799958  4.40038E10   4751304  4.37528E10   4737454
Worked at part-time jobs                       9960526  1.16054E11   8112989  9.09516E10   8018120  9.03385E10   8008715
Did not work                                  61089834  9.77388E11  42134224  6.55996E11  41636505  6.49586E11  41614617

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                     1.172E8  1.61895E12  58609007   8.4241E11  57688550   8.3139E11  57652635
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  74712315  1.14159E12  53073806  7.82718E11  52503993  7.75916E11  52470913
  Householder 65 years and over               42491972  4.77365E11   5535201  5.96923E10   5184557  5.54741E10   5181722
One worker                                     9118130  8.92891E10   7521582  7.48218E10   7410645  7.40951E10   7392918
Two workers or more                             491846  4218012983    440753  3863929443    431926  3802987001    430498

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             30088892  4.78392E11  23213816  3.53127E11  22332104  3.41957E11  22325765
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       14126742  2.44142E11  12259803  2.02131E11  12164405    2.006E11  12161761
    SSI                                       19569525  3.03914E11  14113938  2.10201E11  13265459  1.99381E11  13261339
  Food stamps                                 40567624    6.435E11  31799049  4.74875E11  31373792  4.69607E11  31366109
  Housing assistance                          19449582  3.02316E11  15588595  2.34401E11  15301849  2.30495E11  15299892
  Energy assistance                           12441969  1.82772E11   8343515  1.16834E11   8205269  1.15448E11   8203881
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        37889782  6.28706E11  30111623  4.70229E11  29860449  4.66639E11  29858073
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             20190455  3.39313E11  16958944  2.70878E11  16604062  2.65961E11  16601909

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 8          Definition 9          Definition 10      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      23454480  2.74407E11   9456254  1.17335E11   9341596  1.16367E11   9323978
  Medicare                                    40866978  4.59767E11   4960387  5.15616E10   4373301   4.5211E10   4372671
  Medicaid                                    59322878  8.99574E11  42762243  6.19136E11  41931996  6.08847E11  41908180
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                        7209925  9.25668E10   2495647  2.78736E10   2028155  2.23998E10   2027856

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

  All families                                9.08155E11  54756204  6.99358E11  53664283  6.91907E11  41376861  4.80774E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 5.56218E11  35356382  4.36996E11  34755911  4.32869E11  28153618  3.21499E11
  White alone                                 5.44396E11  34720127  4.28668E11  34132973  4.24616E11  27696201  3.15998E11
    White alone, not Hispanic                 3.49118E11  23044969  2.75767E11  22681800   2.7332E11  18647243  2.09464E11
Black alone or in combination                 2.93389E11  16214402  2.20106E11  15796756  2.17321E11  10622766  1.25708E11
  Black alone                                  2.8781E11  15947743  2.16121E11  15533677  2.13359E11  10431829  1.23147E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             3.98614E10   2187136  2.95945E10   2150099  2.93467E10   1880304  2.50244E10
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                 3.81858E10   2081160  2.83553E10   2047561  2.81261E10   1819796  2.45179E10
  Asian alone or in combination               3.81382E10   2060465  2.81714E10   2027211   2.7946E10   1775744  2.38564E10
    Asian alone                               3.65584E10   1961372   2.6974E10   1930124  2.67622E10   1718759  2.33739E10
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    1861203328    137405  1556883637    131964  1523751930    110660  1268873531
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                   1568822478    119346  1380484097    117437  1363888486    101038  1143923820
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      3.28551E10   1789168  2.29334E10   1736184   2.2557E10   1288326  1.52627E10
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                        2.40761E10   1255369  1.62715E10   1214167  1.59466E10    882513  1.04848E10
Two or more races                             1.37455E10    752246  9942621206    735905  9859997935    546522  6625811228
Hispanic (of any race)                        2.25061E11  13094778  1.71586E11  12821315  1.69665E11   9975874  1.17876E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                   3.5628E11  23458921  2.80823E11  23083007  2.78305E11  18923128  2.12594E11

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                1.25282E11   8361423  1.10624E11   8240641  1.09899E11   6315867  7.47224E10
25 to 44 years                                4.98273E11  28558650  3.83127E11  27828867   3.7768E11  20092670   2.4408E11
45 to 54 years                                 1.3085E11   7596374  8.88337E10   7440967  8.78819E10   5867570   6.3712E10
55 to 64 years                                9.69808E10   5928242  7.41417E10   5865811  7.39161E10   5190539  6.08342E10
65 years and over                             5.67693E10   4311513  4.26311E10   4287996  4.25304E10   3910214  3.74259E10

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       2.79726E11  18027964  2.25672E11  17680450  2.23407E11  15526302  1.86332E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg
  With related children under 18              1.80221E11  10518454   1.4981E11  10224744  1.47677E11   8392173  1.14732E11
    With related children under 6             1.09969E11   6764962  1.00693E11   6561335  9.90396E10   5471166  7.76803E10
Male householder, no wife present             6.65421E10   4624030  5.54373E10   4576106  5.51053E10   3871447  4.22587E10
Female householder, no husband present        5.61887E11  32104209  4.18249E11  31407726  4.13396E11  21979112  2.52184E11
  With related children under 18              5.16937E11  29208202  3.90564E11  28539887  3.85815E11  19418150   2.2761E11
    With related children under 6             3.17383E11  17710794  2.49128E11  17275755  2.45919E11  11851294   1.4469E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Region

Northeast                                     1.62592E11   8946660  1.11998E11   8691504  1.09517E11   6452041  7.58699E10
Midwest                                       1.86401E11  11176241  1.41724E11  10959934  1.40675E11   8116152  9.22738E10
South                                         3.56992E11  23701511  3.01269E11  23364911  2.99279E11  18188774  2.05139E11
West                                          2.02171E11  10931792  1.44366E11  10647934  1.42437E11   8619895  1.07492E11

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              3.49328E11  19521527  2.56871E11  19136864  2.54363E11  14100575  1.61822E11
High school graduate, no college              3.09397E11  18920352   2.3694E11  18528688  2.34399E11  14062454  1.58455E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree          1.82088E11  11633949  1.45334E11  11343531  1.43078E11   8888018  1.05998E11
         Bachelor's degree or more            6.73417E10   4680376  6.02124E10   4655199   6.0068E10   4325814  5.44994E10

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    8.51386E11  50444690  6.56727E11  49376287  6.49377E11  37466647  4.43348E11
Worked at full-time jobs                      1.12251E11   9640680  9.86267E10   9292229  9.66627E10   6521937  5.82729E10
  50 to 52 weeks                              4.35856E10   4445662  4.03432E10   4233801  3.91923E10   3052328   2.4605E10
Worked at part-time jobs                       9.0174E10   7122360  7.37942E10   6927209  7.24752E10   4768802  4.25255E10
Did not work                                  6.48961E11  33681650  4.84306E11  33156849  4.80239E11  26175907   3.4255E11

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    8.30505E11  47513113  6.28441E11  46746311  6.22858E11  36067657  4.32256E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  7.75082E11  43336949  5.87014E11  42588788  5.81498E11  32276888  3.95921E11
  Householder 65 years and over               5.54222E10   4176164  4.14268E10   4157523  4.13592E10   3790769  3.63343E10
One worker                                    7.38535E10   6827609  6.72596E10   6525174  6.55054E10   4949346  4.53066E10
Two workers or more                           3797018192    415481  3657524998    392798  3544520428    359859  3211975952

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             3.41805E11  11691356  1.34427E11  11164710   1.3023E11   6262381  5.40097E10
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       2.00528E11   7613352  9.36106E10   7201695  9.00295E10   3696048  3.44274E10
    SSI                                        1.9929E11   5200151  5.27135E10   4997319  5.15394E10   3062605  2.36447E10
  Food stamps                                 4.69435E11  24312538  3.16471E11  23336120  3.09489E11  12484219  1.23422E11
  Housing assistance                          2.30452E11  11664410  1.49868E11  11085094  1.45135E11   4351423  3.50734E10
  Energy assistance                           1.15426E11   5950834  6.92478E10   5699513  6.70743E10   2978757  2.64219E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        4.66592E11  24473567  3.41566E11  23751023   3.3617E11  15113052  1.82598E11
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             2.65912E11   9590602  1.13766E11   9081615  1.09616E11   4353816  3.56054E10

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 11      Definition 12         Definition 13         Definition 14
                                              Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                      1.16029E11   8702090  1.05344E11   8599098  1.04775E11   7508655  9.01408E10
  Medicare                                    4.52031E10   3369146  3.26899E10   3351278   3.2608E10   3074026  2.82858E10
  Medicaid                                    6.08349E11  31947586  4.12151E11  30873232  4.04846E11  20351846  2.22665E11
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0         0           0         0           0         0           0
  Health insurance                                     0         0           0         0           0         0           0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                        2.2394E10   1058404  1.00584E10   1040651  9976565070    812340  6580404100

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

  All families                                38783426  4.53337E11  41667762   4.8171E11  66148717  8.30342E11  56575851

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 26344323  3.03864E11  28361385  3.22191E11  43236879  5.27869E11  36524095
  White alone                                 25941691  2.99196E11  27896713   3.1667E11  42454294  5.17657E11  35857319
    White alone, not Hispanic                 17100774  1.92236E11  18763890   2.0981E11  27221566   3.2116E11  23823250
Black alone or in combination                 10128541  1.20455E11  10683660  1.25871E11  19137750  2.53167E11  16779346
  Black alone                                  9941336  1.17932E11  10491303  1.23308E11  18811243  2.48461E11  16495681
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination              1682462  2.20742E10   1895357  2.50817E10   2630786  3.43486E10   2270834
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                  1622415  2.15856E10   1833597    2.457E10   2505472  3.29535E10   2163198
  Asian alone or in combination                1575504  2.09037E10   1788219  2.39001E10   2457855  3.23527E10   2137724
    Asian alone                                1519002  2.04396E10   1730142  2.34127E10   2345328  3.10275E10   2036971
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                      112370  1250063236    114179  1285868013    189025  2159035125    145504
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                     103412  1146012512    103455  1157315441    159703  1925048059    125785
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                       1139788  1.28303E10   1302767  1.53056E10   2108999  2.73608E10   1826046
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                          788690  8854674488    891433  1.05127E10   1451878  1.92303E10   1273256
Two or more races                               489295  5769282173    554717  6648721171    926271  1.20409E10    786838
Hispanic (of any race)                         9727118   1.1782E11  10069963  1.18234E11  16938517  2.19229E11  13496862
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  17336000  1.94806E11  19045620  2.12954E11  27714398  3.26857E11  24247140

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                 6111379  7.09502E10   6339491  7.47981E10   9797535  1.26642E11   8514176
25 to 44 years                                19578635  2.35665E11  20212915  2.44585E11  36316634  4.73502E11  29483455
45 to 54 years                                 5343232  5.80509E10   5917147  6.38464E10   9088502  1.06312E11   8011879
55 to 64 years                                 4647213  5.77613E10   5248900  6.09596E10   6419002  7.91715E10   6137608
65 years and over                              3102967  3.09097E10   3949309  3.75206E10   4527045  4.47139E10   4428732

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       14246639  1.75506E11  15703252  1.86932E11  23168430  2.88967E11  19044945

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg
  With related children under 18               8107917  1.13795E11   8499772  1.15197E11  15281937  2.08938E11  11244441
    With related children under 6              5227915  7.50209E10   5549983  7.80465E10   9873104  1.42374E11   7263824
Male householder, no wife present              3715415  4.08123E10   3885339  4.22897E10   5485867  6.39293E10   4765444
Female householder, no husband present        20821372  2.37019E11  22079171  2.52488E11  37494420  4.77446E11  32765463
  With related children under 18              18565440  2.15167E11  19513481   2.2791E11  34452075  4.48525E11  29794955
    With related children under 6             11489104  1.38958E11  11929944  1.44968E11  20721827   2.8521E11  18034497

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Region

Northeast                                      6089245  7.25929E10   6505543  7.60375E10  10796942  1.33658E11   9376268
Midwest                                        7541005  8.56122E10   8173027  9.24349E10  13288699  1.65576E11  11507216
South                                         17273277  1.95562E11  18286130  2.05457E11  28422705  3.54689E11  24346761
West                                           7879900  9.95701E10   8703062  1.07781E11  13640372  1.76418E11  11345606

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              13480616   1.5758E11  14234235  1.62245E11  23618786  3.06826E11  20046114
High school graduate, no college              13428018  1.51803E11  14147787  1.58738E11  22942593  2.80675E11  19467721
College: Less than bachelor's degree           8141977  9.69393E10   8939138  1.06135E11  14205267  1.73864E11  12149429
         Bachelor's degree or more             3732815  4.70145E10   4346602   5.4591E10   5382072  6.89776E10   4912587

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    35680460  4.22428E11  37718454  4.44189E11  61621673  7.85628E11  52147119
Worked at full-time jobs                       6589429  6.35167E10   6565928  5.84077E10  16269293  1.72064E11  10512044
  50 to 52 weeks                               3226361  2.90615E10   3079743  2.47051E10   8699547  8.51313E10   4998619
Worked at part-time jobs                       4739125   4.3308E10   4795685  4.25797E10   9669465  1.04976E11   7407127
Did not work                                  24351906  3.15603E11  26356841  3.43202E11  35682914  5.08588E11  34227948

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    33133464   3.9583E11  36263479  4.32752E11  52888536  6.93737E11  48426667
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  30131227  3.65815E11  32442397  3.96357E11  48574184  6.51437E11  44168412
  Householder 65 years and over                3002237   3.0015E10   3821082   3.6395E10   4314351  4.23007E10   4258254
One worker                                     5165901  5.13965E10   5029454  4.56975E10  12502932  1.28532E11   7604213
Two workers or more                             484061  6110679659    374829  3260295285    757250  8073089593    544971

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                              5965683  5.25204E10   6372273  5.43103E10  12852665  1.48231E11  11934261
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI        3572850  3.34604E10   3753093  3.45927E10   8441797   1.0459E11   7761423
    SSI                                        2875342  2.30824E10   3131754  2.38263E10   5581037  5.59147E10   5325481
  Food stamps                                 11978769  1.20165E11  12624401  1.23843E11  28883105  3.74548E11  24913772
  Housing assistance                           4351423  3.50734E10   4412567  3.52094E10  13410671  1.72588E11  11933558
  Energy assistance                            2809532  2.51492E10   3022694  2.65429E10   7048306  8.19746E10   6063948
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        14581043  1.78971E11  15232709  1.83022E11  30546783  4.15771E11  25054440
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                              4128578  3.39694E10   4437408  3.58553E10  10524381  1.25668E11   9776534

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                                  Definition 15         Definition 16         Definition 17      Definit
                                              Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg  Stderr agg  Mean agg

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                       7219282  8.81647E10   7546341  9.02327E10  12981731  1.49539E11  10266420
  Medicare                                     2680096  2.54097E10   3116185  2.84231E10   3643922  3.49234E10   3476849
  Medicaid                                    19579076  2.16491E11  20587584  2.23436E11  38661659  4.92927E11  32645244
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                      0           0         0           0         0           0         0
  Health insurance                                   0           0         0           0         0           0         0
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                         708549  5866997820    839207  6682490219   1240430  1.15498E10   1124842

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

  All families                                7.17816E11      1243

Race and Hispanic Origin of householder

White alone or in combination                 4.49384E11      1243
  White alone                                 4.40606E11      1243
    White alone, not Hispanic                 2.84172E11      1243
Black alone or in combination                 2.25677E11      1243
  Black alone                                 2.21325E11      1243
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination             3.01767E10      1243
  Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
   Pacific Islander alone or
    Asian and Native Hawaiian                 2.89288E10      1243
  Asian alone or in combination               2.86985E10      1243
    Asian alone                               2.74924E10      1243
  Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
   alone or in combination                    1620619883      1243
    Native Hawaiian and other
     Pacific Islander alone                   1435543074      1243
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination                      2.33203E10      1243
  American Indian and
   Alaska Native alone                        1.65387E10      1243
Two or more races                             1.04185E10      1243
Hispanic (of any race)                        1.75733E11      1243
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic                  2.89304E11      1243

Age of Householder

15 to 24 years                                1.12293E11      1243
25 to 44 years                                3.92268E11      1243
45 to 54 years                                9.39938E10      1243
55 to 64 years                                7.57939E10      1243
65 years and over                             4.34677E10      1243

Type of Family

Married-couple families                       2.36167E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell
  With related children under 18              1.57225E11      1243
    With related children under 6             1.06218E11      1243
Male householder, no wife present             5.65971E10      1243
Female householder, no husband present        4.25052E11      1243
  With related children under 18              3.96712E11      1243
    With related children under 6             2.52881E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Region

Northeast                                     1.17032E11      1057
Midwest                                       1.45301E11      1280
South                                         3.06767E11      1342
West                                          1.48715E11      1355

Educational Attainment

Less than 12th grade, no diploma              2.61269E11      1243
High school graduate, no college              2.42116E11      1243
College: Less than bachelor's degree          1.50972E11      1243
         Bachelor's degree or more            6.34583E10      1243

Work Experience in 2006

     Total, 15 to 64 years                    6.74348E11      1243
Worked at full-time jobs                      1.08154E11      1243
  50 to 52 weeks                              4.61803E10      1243
Worked at part-time jobs                      7.63998E10      1243
Did not work                                  4.89794E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Year-Round Full-Time Workers

No workers                                    6.37806E11      1243
  Householder 15 to 64 years                  5.96047E11      1243
  Householder 65 years and over               4.17595E10      1243
One worker                                    7.44036E10      1243
Two workers or more                           5606394821      1243

Program Participation Status of
  Family Members

One or more members received:
  Cash assistance                             1.36728E11      1243
    Public assistance or wefare non-SSI       9.54679E10      1243
    SSI                                       5.33846E10      1243
  Food stamps                                 3.22918E11      1243
  Housing assistance                          1.52874E11      1243
  Energy assistance                           7.00396E10      1243
  Free or reduced-price school lunches        3.46584E11      1243
Family received both food stamps and
  cash assistance                             1.15782E11      1243

Table 5.  Mean Income Deficit of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics:  2006

                                           Definition 18
                                              Stderr agg     Bcell

Health Insurance Coverage

One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan                       1.2193E11      1243
  Medicare                                     3.3234E10      1243
  Medicaid                                    4.19264E11      1243
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare
    or Medicaid                                        0      1243
  Health insurance                                     0      1243
Family received:
  Medicare and Medicaid                       1.03289E10      1243
Race Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
Last revised: December 31, 2007
URL: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/macro/032007/rdcall/5_000.htm