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Contents for Table

Table 5. Mean and Aggregate Income Deficits and Number of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2007

    Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
  Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains
Definition 3
Total (thousands) Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 77908 8523 81 10213 58 10229 58

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 64432 8167 95 9849 63 9861 63
  White alone 63595 8166 96 9852 63 9865 63
      White alone, not Hispanic 53927 7957 116 9752 67 9768 68
Black alone or in combination 9506 9266 161 11435 146 11466 147
  Black alone 9259 9273 162 11433 148 11464 148
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3663 8785 481 10486 390 10452 390
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3478 8856 504 10549 405 10517 407
  Asian alone or in combination 3454 8959 501 10605 402 10570 403
      Asian alone 3302 9009 524 10641 417 10607 418
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
247 5962 1294 8796 1376 8796 1376
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
175 6182 1494 8697 1670 8697 1670
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1275 9244 487 10978 397 10938 403
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
640 9739 583 11513 500 11483 501
Two or more races 937 8614 695 10230 536 10172 545
Hispanic (of any race) 10397 8611 160 10260 149 10252 150
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 54641 7957 115 9743 67 9761 67

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 3359 9390 212 10330 213 10304 214
25 to 44 years 30871 9044 117 10587 119 10571 119
45 to 54 years 17954 8347 206 10719 184 10710 185
55 to 64 years 13225 7567 231 10882 162 10915 163
65 years and over 12500 5880 202 9441 72 9487 73

Type of Family
Married-couple families 58395 7937 137 9604 73 9621 73
  With related children under 18 26450 8884 193 10475 193 10470 193
      With related children under 6 12318 8962 247 10138 259 10139 260
Male householder, no wife present 5103 7780 248 10145 216 10155 217
Female householder, no husband present 14411 9059 108 11121 101 11128 101
  With related children under 18 9718 9506 117 11535 121 11529 121
      With related children under 6 3992 10664 163 12356 174 12341 174

Region
Northeast 13910 8644 182 10243 125 10258 126
Midwest 17408 8522 185 9860 126 9893 127
South 29189 8554 130 10475 94 10490 94
West 17402 8363 182 10004 137 10001 138

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9988 8878 144 11089 111 11113 111
High school graduate, no college 23006 8412 129 9998 90 10006 90
College: Less than bachelor's degree 21576 8047 174 9624 124 9649 125
Bachelor's degree or more 23338 8755 286 9522 171 9503 171

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
65408 8797 86 10639 80 10632 80
Worked at full-time jobs 46649 6464 121 6852 117 6822 117
  50 to 52 weeks 40653 5581 146 5750 141 5753 141
Worked at part-time jobs 7185 8142 173 8808 163 8779 163
Did not work 11574 10676 133 13415 106 13445 106

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 21356 9472 96 11113 62 11139 62
  Householder 15 to 64 years 12528 9968 103 12210 89 12207 90
  Householder 65 years and over 8828 5901 207 9571 73 9617 73
One worker 33441 5828 129 5991 120 5988 120
Two workers or more 23111 5575 615 5736 519 5924 531

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 3645 8823 172 13543 155 13579 155
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1300 10108 241 14288 261 14333 260
      SSI 2562 7098 203 13404 181 13431 181
  Food stamps 5144 9336 127 12175 125 12152 125
  Housing assistance 2300 9498 188 12141 173 12138 173
  Energy assistance 1546 8852 231 11942 214 11949 214
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 7710 9358 130 11666 136 11643 137
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1748 9456 197 14458 194 14447 194

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 54882 7265 157 8061 106 8066 107
  Medicare 17910 6365 163 10140 71 10185 71
  Medicaid 14506 8795 103 11396 96 11398 96
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
7946 9262 191 9717 181 9692 181
  Health insurance 4722 9411 217 9714 210 9653 210
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 3551 6760 232 12334 160 12391 162

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 10359 59 10237 58 10320 58 10298 61

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 9970 64 9860 63 9935 63 9911 66
  White alone 9973 64 9859 63 9934 63 9909 66
      White alone, not Hispanic 9849 68 9754 67 9798 68 9762 70
Black alone or in combination 11645 151 11485 146 11614 147 11642 158
  Black alone 11646 152 11480 148 11614 148 11639 159
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10887 407 10648 393 10721 395 10703 415
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10888 423 10672 408 10737 410 10811 430
  Asian alone or in combination 11045 419 10836 406 10877 410 10831 428
      Asian alone 11018 434 10845 421 10873 424 10909 442
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
8691 1482 8272 1355 8760 1320 8806 1481
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
8351 1771 7758 1538 8423 1497 8878 1762
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
11093 405 11231 394 11204 395 11027 409
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
11593 501 11708 489 11699 491 11254 521
Two or more races 10437 559 10508 542 10506 543 10565 565
Hispanic (of any race) 10445 153 10243 145 10423 149 10466 164
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9846 68 9753 67 9800 67 9763 69

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10436 219 10167 212 10271 213 10356 229
25 to 44 years 10812 123 10674 117 10934 120 10899 136
45 to 54 years 10890 192 10738 183 10756 185 11050 198
55 to 64 years 11118 165 10850 164 10782 163 10717 166
65 years and over 9507 73 9450 73 9465 73 9448 73

Type of Family
Married-couple families 9741 74 9659 73 9711 74 9634 75
  With related children under 18 10763 203 10617 187 10933 196 10974 230
      With related children under 6 10349 271 10270 249 10576 263 10423 310
Male householder, no wife present 10330 220 10043 214 10216 213 10065 226
Female householder, no husband present 11265 104 11114 101 11223 101 11355 109
  With related children under 18 11683 124 11595 120 11765 121 11994 133
      With related children under 6 12432 178 12390 173 12530 174 12634 190

Region
Northeast 10346 129 10284 126 10395 125 10427 131
Midwest 9996 129 9898 127 9942 128 9856 135
South 10635 96 10508 93 10575 94 10562 98
West 10158 141 9976 137 10109 138 10083 145

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11259 112 11126 110 11237 110 11285 116
High school graduate, no college 10122 92 10046 90 10101 90 10039 95
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9800 128 9634 124 9769 125 9742 133
Bachelor's degree or more 9564 174 9389 171 9398 172 9369 176

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
10841 82 10659 79 10789 80 10823 87
Worked at full-time jobs 6897 125 6928 115 7076 120 6326 137
  50 to 52 weeks 5739 153 5871 138 6011 147 5175 176
Worked at part-time jobs 8916 168 9027 163 9115 165 8473 174
Did not work 13553 107 13441 106 13432 107 13487 109

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 11194 63 11178 62 11194 62 11053 64
  Householder 15 to 64 years 12322 91 12272 89 12304 89 12137 94
  Householder 65 years and over 9622 73 9615 73 9617 73 9598 73
One worker 6045 130 6134 118 6250 124 5581 143
Two workers or more 5627 605 5897 505 6392 557 6486 697

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 13806 155 13628 155 13738 154 13581 160
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 14427 261 14326 259 14443 258 14116 275
      SSI 13716 180 13488 182 13591 181 13570 183
  Food stamps 12255 127 12286 124 12380 125 12173 136
  Housing assistance 12281 175 12305 171 12394 171 12179 188
  Energy assistance 12041 217 12112 211 12195 212 12214 226
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 11842 140 11748 134 11977 137 12076 154
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 14546 195 14451 195 14558 193 14327 202

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8321 117 8083 112 8190 113 8379 122
  Medicare 10246 72 10174 71 10184 71 10134 72
  Medicaid 11515 98 11458 94 11600 95 11577 103
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9692 181 9423 170 9483 173 9550 189
  Health insurance 9653 210 9351 197 9444 201 9502 220
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 12514 163 12418 162 12447 161 12387 163

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers
Definition 9
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 10306 61 9467 92 9604 93 9599 93

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 9918 66 8984 108 9119 109 9117 109
  White alone 9916 66 8979 109 9113 110 9110 110
      White alone, not Hispanic 9765 70 8695 127 8836 129 8832 129
Black alone or in combination 11651 158 10492 183 10675 185 10668 185
  Black alone 11657 159 10523 184 10696 187 10689 187
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
10676 416 9818 548 9668 565 9656 565
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
10760 431 9979 570 9768 588 9756 588
  Asian alone or in combination 10790 429 9937 567 9787 585 9777 585
      Asian alone 10843 443 10077 588 9863 607 9851 607
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
8981 1495 6956 1817 6984 1848 6959 1848
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
9118 1799 7843 2069 7799 2083 7763 2085
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
11102 405 10156 515 10431 517 10425 517
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
11340 516 10308 600 10432 601 10425 601
Two or more races 10542 562 9509 781 9958 796 9954 796
Hispanic (of any race) 10507 164 9621 191 9731 193 9731 193
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9764 69 8696 126 8840 128 8836 128

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 10370 230 9966 237 10034 238 10031 237
25 to 44 years 10927 136 10241 142 10295 142 10290 142
45 to 54 years 11011 198 9701 234 9826 238 9828 238
55 to 64 years 10729 166 8368 240 8600 249 8595 249
65 years and over 9452 73 6705 202 6870 206 6866 206

Type of Family
Married-couple families 9638 75 8507 154 8638 157 8635 157
  With related children under 18 11020 231 9966 245 10015 247 10012 247
      With related children under 6 10491 311 9794 317 9839 319 9850 319
Male householder, no wife present 10113 226 8431 270 8582 273 8572 273
Female householder, no husband present 11360 109 10320 124 10442 126 10438 126
  With related children under 18 12041 133 11054 138 11143 138 11140 138
      With related children under 6 12622 190 11878 190 11906 191 11911 191

Region
Northeast 10506 131 10116 202 10267 204 10259 203
Midwest 9860 135 9176 217 9305 220 9308 220
South 10541 98 9357 145 9520 147 9511 147
West 10091 145 9433 212 9511 215 9514 215

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11278 116 10158 162 10358 164 10359 164
High school graduate, no college 10061 95 9248 147 9395 148 9387 148
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9731 133 8755 200 8838 202 8828 202
Bachelor's degree or more 9394 176 9210 313 9170 317 9183 317

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
10833 87 9831 100 9936 100 9932 100
Worked at full-time jobs 6331 138 6254 150 6264 151 6261 151
  50 to 52 weeks 5185 178 5206 193 5227 194 5225 194
Worked at part-time jobs 8465 174 8132 190 8233 191 8234 191
Did not work 13504 108 12140 138 12335 139 12327 139

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 11056 64 10410 103 10580 104 10575 104
  Householder 15 to 64 years 12134 94 11004 112 11124 113 11120 113
  Householder 65 years and over 9609 73 6698 205 6910 209 6907 209
One worker 5617 144 5626 163 5661 165 5657 165
Two workers or more 6714 710 6684 775 6607 833 6585 833

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 13561 160 12029 187 12340 191 12347 191
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 14152 274 13344 287 13628 287 13622 287
      SSI 13518 184 11444 232 11838 241 11852 240
  Food stamps 12217 135 10816 149 10987 150 10982 150
  Housing assistance 12240 187 10970 217 11032 220 11027 220
  Energy assistance 12198 226 10524 271 10658 274 10652 274
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 12147 154 11050 161 11130 162 11128 162
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 14326 203 12868 226 13157 228 13152 227

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 8395 122 8140 204 8200 206 8195 206
  Medicare 10144 71 7611 171 7987 182 7982 182
  Medicaid 11605 103 10210 119 10352 121 10348 121
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9529 189 9065 199 9065 199 9068 199
  Health insurance 9489 221 9233 226 9233 226 9240 226
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 12411 162 8604 236 9055 255 9047 255

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 8719 90 8956 92 7621 89 7574 91

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 8340 106 8548 109 7606 107 7578 109
  White alone 8338 107 8552 110 7630 108 7598 110
      White alone, not Hispanic 8130 127 8304 130 7555 131 7551 135
Black alone or in combination 9474 178 9821 182 7428 170 7314 172
  Black alone 9480 179 9829 183 7432 171 7319 173
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
9047 545 9095 552 8624 546 8839 568
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
9159 567 9123 572 8662 568 8884 593
  Asian alone or in combination 9197 564 9255 572 8851 565 9115 589
      Asian alone 9265 586 9236 592 8858 587 9134 614
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
5866 1652 5763 1682 4075 1440 4019 1361
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
6858 1788 6706 1793 4714 1600 4396 1465
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
9728 513 9800 522 7669 515 7599 537
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
10070 594 10281 594 8388 598 8342 627
Two or more races 9022 786 9126 808 6925 736 6941 767
Hispanic (of any race) 8791 182 9070 187 7755 179 7670 179
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 8135 126 8304 129 7535 129 7532 133

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9431 231 9724 233 8012 232 8016 232
25 to 44 years 9344 135 9666 140 7982 136 7966 137
45 to 54 years 8642 227 8863 232 7660 222 7366 227
55 to 64 years 7596 240 7747 246 7264 250 6958 255
65 years and over 6248 211 6292 212 5981 207 6200 229

Type of Family
Married-couple families 8088 154 8374 160 7684 155 7685 159
  With related children under 18 9345 237 9911 250 8801 250 8773 249
      With related children under 6 9231 299 9766 316 8320 308 8282 311
Male householder, no wife present 7733 266 7839 270 7069 270 7069 278
Female householder, no husband present 9320 120 9545 122 7686 117 7594 119
  With related children under 18 9931 131 10191 133 8151 129 7985 130
      With related children under 6 10935 179 11262 181 8700 176 8549 176

Region
Northeast 9135 202 9412 207 7928 207 7638 204
Midwest 8692 207 8988 213 7493 202 7584 209
South 8682 143 8926 146 7489 138 7474 141
West 8491 203 8635 209 7785 208 7735 214

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9074 157 9237 162 7688 152 7696 154
High school graduate, no college 8561 143 8882 147 7406 141 7387 147
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8301 198 8546 204 7450 205 7428 208
Bachelor's degree or more 8962 312 9109 313 8656 314 8217 305

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
9000 96 9273 99 7828 96 7735 97
Worked at full-time jobs 6061 148 6353 156 5433 157 5570 165
  50 to 52 weeks 5095 191 5395 207 4917 220 5234 238
Worked at part-time jobs 7896 185 8049 190 6464 179 6468 180
Did not work 10891 137 11111 139 9297 135 9098 136

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 9528 101 9696 103 8122 99 8025 100
  Householder 15 to 64 years 9990 109 10187 111 8450 108 8293 109
  Householder 65 years and over 6244 216 6290 217 5949 213 6094 234
One worker 5492 164 5790 176 5269 184 5466 194
Two workers or more 7041 888 6900 921 6873 954 7678 974

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 8808 179 9066 185 6088 156 5993 159
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9990 253 10366 261 6707 226 6599 226
      SSI 7224 209 7365 219 5406 198 5300 203
  Food stamps 9354 140 9829 146 6515 127 6428 129
  Housing assistance 9530 207 9843 218 5376 168 5376 168
  Energy assistance 8863 253 9318 260 6079 223 6030 227
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 9722 149 10094 154 7732 144 7626 145
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 9362 205 9673 213 5909 172 5816 176

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 7899 204 8029 208 7605 215 7741 220
  Medicare 6799 176 6921 179 6149 174 6249 186
  Medicaid 8948 115 9375 119 7231 112 7173 114
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
9063 200 9063 200 8748 198 8522 199
  Health insurance 9208 227 9208 227 8879 225 8682 227
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 6998 252 7250 260 5965 257 6009 275

 

  Mean Income Deficits of Families in Poverty
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 16
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 17
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 18
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error

Families Below Poverty
  All families 7427 87 8590 79 8460 87

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 7406 105 8248 93 8136 103
  White alone 7426 106 8244 94 8131 104
      White alone, not Hispanic 7339 129 8036 114 7896 124
Black alone or in combination 7268 167 9313 158 9137 173
  Black alone 7281 169 9312 159 9140 174
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
8282 531 8906 465 8421 513
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
8297 551 8949 488 8524 535
  Asian alone or in combination 8480 549 9081 486 8525 532
      Asian alone 8464 569 9105 509 8593 553
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
4075 1440 6392 1196 5815 1523
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
4714 1600 6403 1321 6962 1653
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
7477 506 9406 477 9472 507
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
8193 598 9841 569 9894 596
Two or more races 6803 718 8882 682 8793 754
Hispanic (of any race) 7589 175 8664 155 8660 177
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7322 127 8038 112 7894 122

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 7885 229 9346 208 9321 227
25 to 44 years 7809 134 9192 114 9042 132
45 to 54 years 7450 218 8362 199 8412 218
55 to 64 years 6951 242 7351 222 7348 229
65 years and over 5808 204 6029 203 6004 204

Type of Family
Married-couple families 7336 150 8041 134 7749 147
  With related children under 18 8442 241 9160 189 9014 226
      With related children under 6 7985 295 9279 244 8888 287
Male householder, no wife present 7033 268 7963 242 7666 263
Female householder, no husband present 7572 116 9090 106 9098 117
  With related children under 18 8019 128 9597 114 9677 128
      With related children under 6 8544 174 10787 159 10741 176

Region
Northeast 7679 204 8897 181 8850 197
Midwest 7335 199 8573 180 8436 201
South 7336 136 8569 126 8402 139
West 7506 203 8414 177 8295 196

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7454 148 8989 141 8822 154
High school graduate, no college 7216 139 8459 125 8258 138
College: Less than bachelor's degree 7285 203 8104 168 8142 191
Bachelor's degree or more 8551 313 8751 280 8641 306

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
7632 95 8844 84 8742 93
Worked at full-time jobs 5339 154 6635 117 5881 139
  50 to 52 weeks 4781 213 5846 143 4924 175
Worked at part-time jobs 6315 177 8325 169 7688 180
Did not work 9041 133 10685 132 10715 136

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 7927 98 9519 95 9337 99
  Householder 15 to 64 years 8256 107 9991 101 9821 107
  Householder 65 years and over 5774 209 6014 209 5994 208
One worker 5135 177 6113 127 5304 153
Two workers or more 6749 903 6654 617 6993 784

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 5826 151 8836 171 8726 176
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 6347 219 10082 239 9927 251
      SSI 5141 190 7145 202 7140 205
  Food stamps 6347 124 9460 125 9137 137
  Housing assistance 5240 165 9545 185 9346 203
  Energy assistance 5907 218 8933 228 8627 248
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 7535 142 9490 128 9446 146
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 5630 166 9422 196 9294 202

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 7584 214 7467 152 7326 179
  Medicare 5819 167 6498 163 6406 167
  Medicaid 6999 109 8941 101 8754 113
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
8748 198 8987 182 9061 200
  Health insurance 8879 225 9112 206 9201 227
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 5679 245 6824 230 6697 238

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7 Definition 8
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 7623 13941 13822 13353 14050 13869 12817 12819

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 5152 10556 10452 10125 10645 10517 9758 9764
  White alone 5046 10381 10279 9963 10478 10350 9607 9613
      White alone, not Hispanic 3184 7973 7873 7667 7965 7922 7539 7548
Black alone or in combination 2091 2831 2815 2701 2843 2795 2545 2543
  Black alone 2045 2768 2753 2642 2781 2733 2490 2486
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
298 443 444 414 446 441 401 402
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
276 416 417 391 420 416 378 380
  Asian alone or in combination 281 420 421 391 419 415 380 381
      Asian alone 261 396 397 372 397 393 360 361
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
21 28 28 26 31 31 25 25
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
15 20 20 19 23 23 18 18
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
215 323 320 310 319 318 297 295
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
135 179 179 176 182 181 171 169
Two or more races 121 197 194 182 188 187 172 172
Hispanic (of any race) 2045 2620 2619 2503 2738 2648 2267 2260
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3263 8118 8014 7798 8100 8055 7661 7671

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 980 1057 1052 1017 1096 1095 959 963
25 to 44 years 3895 4490 4489 4243 4591 4397 3724 3713
45 to 54 years 1226 1711 1703 1617 1727 1712 1529 1535
55 to 64 years 805 1732 1713 1647 1731 1750 1711 1713
65 years and over 717 4950 4865 4829 4905 4914 4894 4896

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2849 7713 7626 7372 7738 7624 7178 7183
  With related children under 18 1765 2181 2176 2015 2258 2114 1684 1679
      With related children under 6 1038 1190 1186 1109 1255 1161 900 894
Male householder, no wife present 696 973 961 928 999 989 922 921
Female householder, no husband present 4078 5255 5235 5053 5313 5256 4716 4715
  With related children under 18 3593 4111 4102 3946 4137 4062 3542 3527
      With related children under 6 1990 2150 2143 2082 2169 2137 1886 1886

Region
Northeast 1272 2397 2385 2305 2398 2373 2213 2198
Midwest 1464 2864 2832 2730 2861 2830 2624 2623
South 3285 5856 5806 5632 5921 5845 5413 5428
West 1601 2824 2800 2686 2871 2820 2568 2570

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2641 4329 4302 4179 4404 4333 3966 3976
High school graduate, no college 2797 5361 5311 5122 5359 5300 4926 4917
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1606 2986 2954 2834 3007 2952 2708 2710
Bachelor's degree or more 579 1265 1255 1218 1280 1283 1217 1216

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
6906 8991 8957 8525 9145 8955 7924 7923
Worked at full-time jobs 2320 2708 2705 2443 2836 2668 2003 2003
  50 to 52 weeks 1377 1553 1551 1369 1657 1516 1031 1029
Worked at part-time jobs 1265 1561 1561 1479 1580 1554 1349 1350
Did not work 3321 4722 4691 4602 4729 4733 4572 4571

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 5645 11499 11382 11196 11435 11414 11032 11030
  Householder 15 to 64 years 4957 6720 6687 6520 6727 6697 6322 6323
  Householder 65 years and over 688 4778 4695 4677 4708 4717 4710 4707
One worker 1869 2305 2305 2040 2463 2310 1684 1690
Two workers or more 110 138 135 117 152 145 102 99

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1421 2286 2273 2214 2294 2272 2182 2184
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 803 987 982 968 1000 989 939 936
      SSI 743 1484 1476 1431 1482 1471 1427 1433
  Food stamps 3103 3789 3784 3687 3835 3770 3412 3398
  Housing assistance 1349 1672 1673 1629 1676 1654 1531 1521
  Energy assistance 813 1114 1112 1086 1118 1100 1002 1001
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3255 3798 3801 3632 3885 3743 3173 3151
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1100 1494 1494 1471 1512 1499 1441 1440

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1658 3330 3288 2819 3053 3021 2681 2685
  Medicare 1445 6927 6818 6719 6862 6878 6810 6813
  Medicaid 4621 6319 6289 6124 6450 6302 5630 5614
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1477 1628 1628 1628 1796 1767 1547 1553
  Health insurance 1183 1246 1252 1252 1391 1363 1182 1185
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 753 1917 1892 1857 1910 1906 1859 1857

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 16
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 7109 6903 6899 6475 6176 5578 5337 5782

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 4769 4630 4626 4358 4167 3809 3638 3955
  White alone 4671 4537 4533 4271 4081 3729 3564 3875
      White alone, not Hispanic 3064 2962 2960 2763 2655 2441 2318 2537
Black alone or in combination 1961 1905 1905 1790 1690 1476 1432 1520
  Black alone 1917 1865 1865 1751 1654 1443 1399 1485
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
295 284 284 253 246 226 204 238
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
276 267 267 236 231 212 189 224
  Asian alone or in combination 281 270 270 241 234 215 192 227
      Asian alone 264 254 254 225 221 202 179 214
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
18 17 17 15 15 15 14 15
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
12 12 12 10 10 10 10 10
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
207 199 199 183 179 163 155 169
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
132 129 129 118 114 104 98 107
Two or more races 113 106 106 99 96 89 86 92
Hispanic (of any race) 1779 1746 1744 1672 1585 1426 1381 1476
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3135 3028 3027 2823 2715 2496 2371 2593

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 905 896 896 879 837 772 763 791
25 to 44 years 3293 3259 3257 3116 2941 2576 2522 2654
45 to 54 years 1182 1151 1150 1054 1007 921 884 957
55 to 64 years 903 848 848 763 736 686 607 730
65 years and over 827 749 749 662 656 624 561 650

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2635 2527 2526 2339 2204 2066 1933 2200
  With related children under 18 1381 1357 1355 1287 1171 1057 1039 1124
      With related children under 6 790 779 777 750 679 616 610 657
Male householder, no wife present 680 661 661 638 619 584 544 593
Female householder, no husband present 3794 3714 3712 3499 3354 2929 2860 2990
  With related children under 18 3181 3136 3135 3002 2870 2476 2440 2531
      With related children under 6 1800 1789 1787 1713 1632 1462 1454 1499

Region
Northeast 1201 1166 1165 1072 1015 890 873 930
Midwest 1341 1306 1305 1224 1156 1033 982 1065
South 3051 2962 2962 2824 2708 2500 2411 2574
West 1516 1469 1467 1355 1297 1156 1070 1214

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2535 2449 2447 2274 2177 1933 1846 2024
High school graduate, no college 2564 2487 2487 2363 2234 2030 1951 2100
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1473 1436 1436 1334 1270 1132 1080 1167
Bachelor's degree or more 538 530 529 505 495 483 460 492

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
6282 6154 6151 5812 5520 4954 4776 5132
Worked at full-time jobs 1690 1678 1676 1615 1478 1243 1219 1289
  50 to 52 weeks 898 889 887 863 771 632 621 662
Worked at part-time jobs 1139 1116 1115 1065 1017 874 841 902
Did not work 3454 3360 3360 3132 3025 2837 2717 2941

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 5689 5517 5515 5147 4986 4560 4333 4703
  Householder 15 to 64 years 4904 4804 4803 4513 4358 3961 3805 4081
  Householder 65 years and over 784 712 712 635 628 599 528 622
One worker 1331 1304 1302 1252 1118 948 932 1005
Two workers or more 89 83 83 75 73 70 72 74

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1843 1732 1730 1328 1238 1034 1001 1103
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 867 840 840 746 687 547 538 592
      SSI 1143 1041 1040 702 656 552 527 594
  Food stamps 2951 2866 2866 2661 2434 1941 1885 2023
  Housing assistance 1305 1273 1273 1181 1092 773 773 802
  Energy assistance 803 777 777 706 651 527 492 548
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2768 2727 2727 2592 2427 1992 1940 2064
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1292 1236 1236 1033 953 758 744 815

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1188 1169 1167 1131 1098 1008 961 1020
  Medicare 1688 1482 1482 1288 1250 1145 1067 1235
  Medicaid 4436 4296 4294 3895 3596 3108 3008 3262
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1409 1409 1407 1399 1399 1338 1286 1338
  Health insurance 1120 1120 1119 1115 1115 1062 1030 1062
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 990 849 849 673 635 548 513 588

 

  Number of Families in Poverty
Definition 17 Definition 18
(thousands) (thousands)

Families Below Poverty
  All families 7961 6884

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 5409 4623
  White alone 5301 4530
      White alone, not Hispanic 3320 2945
Black alone or in combination 2155 1907
  Black alone 2110 1866
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
313 280
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
291 261
  Asian alone or in combination 294 267
      Asian alone 274 250
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
23 17
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
17 11
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
219 193
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
137 120
Two or more races 122 107
Hispanic (of any race) 2177 1752
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3397 3012

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1043 908
25 to 44 years 4035 3317
45 to 54 years 1290 1126
55 to 64 years 874 825
65 years and over 719 708

Type of Family
Married-couple families 3005 2557
  With related children under 18 1841 1404
      With related children under 6 1078 819
Male householder, no wife present 734 657
Female householder, no husband present 4223 3670
  With related children under 18 3690 3152
      With related children under 6 2026 1776

Region
Northeast 1294 1145
Midwest 1523 1305
South 3437 2992
West 1707 1441

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2756 2393
High school graduate, no college 2919 2535
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1676 1412
Bachelor's degree or more 611 544

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
7241 6176
Worked at full-time jobs 2512 1813
  50 to 52 weeks 1508 1012
Worked at part-time jobs 1336 1130
Did not work 3393 3233

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 5768 5350
  Householder 15 to 64 years 5084 4673
  Householder 65 years and over 684 677
One worker 2065 1444
Two workers or more 128 90

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1454 1357
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 823 758
      SSI 759 723
  Food stamps 3179 2785
  Housing assistance 1383 1229
  Energy assistance 828 739
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3355 2737
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 1129 1055

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1759 1429
  Medicare 1466 1420
  Medicaid 4739 4054
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1616 1401
  Health insurance 1298 1117
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 762 730

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate

Families Below Poverty
  All families 64966129 8.601E11 142384869 1.978E12 141379671 1.967E12 138322488

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 42073082 5.374E11 103968017 1.376E12 103061218 1.366E12 100947833
  White alone 41206863 5.263E11 102277721 1.352E12 101405001 1.343E12 99358400
      White alone, not Hispanic 25336023 3.117E11 77746089 9.88E11 76902039 9.787E11 75514604
Black alone or in combination 19376155 2.708E11 32368297 5.082E11 32277285 5.073E11 31457813
  Black alone 18962163 2.641E11 31643246 4.966E11 31564259 4.958E11 30763027
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2615325 3.944E10 4646001 7.269E10 4642731 7.273E10 4502885
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2443683 3.721E10 4387526 6.916E10 4385587 6.925E10 4258352
  Asian alone or in combination 2515588 3.844E10 4453968 7.013E10 4450685 7.016E10 4323334
      Asian alone 2351082 3.623E10 4215942 6.68E10 4214003 6.688E10 4099001
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
127570 1.3773E9 245219 3.3409E9 245230 3.3409E9 227973
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
92601 9.7553E8 171585 2.3651E9 171585 2.3651E9 159351
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1991436 2.728E10 3548864 5.224E10 3498642 5.163E10 3438044
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1311674 1.773E10 2060673 3.016E10 2055224 3.008E10 2045640
Two or more races 1041745 1.465E10 2015703 2.958E10 1969600 2.899E10 1897068
Hispanic (of any race) 17610293 2.38E11 26879054 3.991E11 26851485 3.988E11 26145485
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 25962347 3.194E11 79097087 1.006E12 78218785 9.96E11 76780899

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9201246 1.212E11 10923970 1.538E11 10842489 1.526E11 10614592
25 to 44 years 35224742 4.865E11 47530704 7.342E11 47452340 7.326E11 45871536
45 to 54 years 10232566 1.369E11 18342959 2.768E11 18237383 2.755E11 17614423
55 to 64 years 6094432 7.391E10 18850967 2.686E11 18694479 2.669E11 18313674
65 years and over 4213144 4.159E10 46736269 5.445E11 46152979 5.394E11 45908262

Type of Family
Married-couple families 22611246 3.026E11 74079154 9.653E11 73367261 9.579E11 71813083
  With related children under 18 15680236 2.326E11 22851482 3.82E11 22782297 3.81E11 21686692
      With related children under 6 9300625 1.363E11 12063385 1.987E11 12021091 1.983E11 11471927
Male householder, no wife present 5413047 6.604E10 9866394 1.355E11 9754915 1.34E11 9589887
Female householder, no husband present 36941836 4.914E11 58439321 8.771E11 58257495 8.75E11 56919518
  With related children under 18 34156632 4.661E11 47423906 7.45E11 47288511 7.432E11 46101171
      With related children under 6 21225423 3.111E11 26568734 4.405E11 26447686 4.387E11 25879198

Region
Northeast 10997292 1.46E11 24556570 3.368E11 24460337 3.36E11 23851706
Midwest 12479698 1.634E11 28237968 3.803E11 28018107 3.78E11 27289723
South 28097660 3.761E11 61341030 8.679E11 60902192 8.627E11 59900971
West 13391480 1.746E11 28249300 3.928E11 27999035 3.901E11 27280088

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23445216 3.241E11 48007424 7.172E11 47802214 7.15E11 47052368
High school graduate, no college 23527644 3.029E11 53593077 7.222E11 53144090 7.172E11 51845428
College: Less than bachelor's degree 12926130 1.668E11 28741030 3.864E11 28506966 3.841E11 27776099
Bachelor's degree or more 5067139 6.636E10 12043337 1.522E11 11926400 1.506E11 11648593

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
60752986 8.185E11 95648601 1.433E12 95226692 1.428E12 92414226
Worked at full-time jobs 14999213 1.6E11 18556440 2.084E11 18451452 2.065E11 16850212
  50 to 52 weeks 7684083 7.547E10 8930767 9.007E10 8920397 8.982E10 7857026
Worked at part-time jobs 10300050 1.223E11 13747782 1.731E11 13704833 1.724E11 13189193
Did not work 35453722 5.362E11 63344378 1.052E12 63070406 1.049E12 62374821

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 53466285 7.427E11 127787123 1.825E12 126777498 1.814E12 125332796
  Householder 15 to 64 years 49406992 7.025E11 82051877 1.291E12 81625882 1.285E12 80333117
  Householder 65 years and over 4059293 4.022E10 45735246 5.347E11 45151616 5.295E11 44999678
One worker 10889184 1.103E11 13807473 1.44E11 13799609 1.438E11 12329838
Two workers or more 610660 7.0495E9 790274 8.6507E9 802563 8.9192E9 659854

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 12534376 1.588E11 30962588 5.199E11 30867451 5.188E11 30564538
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 8117267 1.122E11 14098214 2.546E11 14077491 2.542E11 13962950
      SSI 5276533 5.58E10 19896049 3.246E11 19820363 3.239E11 19622642
  Food stamps 28969902 3.957E11 46125529 7.427E11 45987985 7.401E11 45176994
  Housing assistance 12809285 1.733E11 20298635 3.141E11 20309754 3.143E11 20009631
  Energy assistance 7198082 9.217E10 13301958 2.044E11 13281892 2.041E11 13073033
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 30454746 4.284E11 44309103 7.329E11 44250684 7.317E11 43015862
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 10398221 1.361E11 21599712 3.799E11 21576703 3.793E11 21402428

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 12046881 1.418E11 26844527 3.166E11 26518141 3.132E11 23460958
  Medicare 9199683 1.034E11 70237955 9.045E11 69435336 8.971E11 68844753
  Medicaid 40642146 5.405E11 72012503 1.116E12 71677313 1.112E12 70518344
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
13678513 1.907E11 15817156 2.232E11 15774583 2.224E11 15774583
  Health insurance 11129894 1.577E11 12101644 1.726E11 12084180 1.721E11 12084180
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 5093562 5.891E10 23643579 3.677E11 23443795 3.66E11 23244716

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 1.937E12 143828995 2.004E12 143124083 2E12 131994154 1.851E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 1.344E12 104966571 1.392E12 104483097 1.391E12 96711177 1.288E12
  White alone 1.322E12 103303758 1.369E12 102823663 1.368E12 95195589 1.267E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 9.651E11 77682688 9.898E11 77623159 9.907E11 73596526 9.4E11
Black alone or in combination 4.995E11 32652376 5.145E11 32459658 5.126E11 29632177 4.745E11
  Black alone 4.882E11 31929165 5.028E11 31742877 5.01E11 28979121 4.637E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7.185E10 4745880 7.523E10 4727919 7.513E10 4296885 6.835E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6.842E10 4484163 7.153E10 4471544 7.148E10 4084715 6.537E10
  Asian alone or in combination 6.94E10 4542108 7.256E10 4510421 7.23E10 4116657 6.589E10
      Asian alone 6.617E10 4302103 6.907E10 4275844 6.885E10 3922566 6.31E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
3.1969E9 258162 3.5732E9 271356 3.7215E9 221115 3.0596E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
2.2492E9 182060 2.4607E9 195701 2.6212E9 162150 2.2731E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
5.083E10 3579175 5.287E10 3558696 5.254E10 3272177 4.794E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
3.001E10 2135724 3.14E10 2116228 3.111E10 1922701 2.8E10
Two or more races 2.812E10 1976186 2.912E10 1969769 2.903E10 1812027 2.67E10
Hispanic (of any race) 3.914E11 28043881 4.145E11 27598987 4.126E11 23731027 3.592E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9.819E11 79001943 1.007E12 78937344 1.008E12 74791181 9.557E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1.506E11 11144152 1.568E11 11251025 1.592E11 9936012 1.417E11
25 to 44 years 7.164E11 49006285 7.563E11 48075071 7.495E11 40592917 6.483E11
45 to 54 years 2.694E11 18539923 2.798E11 18414996 2.787E11 16891001 2.601E11
55 to 64 years 2.632E11 18781711 2.683E11 18872410 2.691E11 18338760 2.616E11
65 years and over 5.374E11 46356925 5.424E11 46510580 5.44E11 46235464 5.396E11

Type of Family
Married-couple families 9.418E11 74744451 9.776E11 74033820 9.718E11 69156583 9.018E11
  With related children under 18 3.683E11 23969307 3.984E11 23111736 3.913E11 18479926 3.238E11
      With related children under 6 1.912E11 12892897 2.108E11 12281865 2.051E11 9376862 1.605E11
Male householder, no wife present 1.326E11 10038297 1.375E11 10107654 1.389E11 9283954 1.284E11
Female householder, no husband present 8.625E11 59046247 8.885E11 58982608 8.898E11 53553617 8.211E11
  With related children under 18 7.318E11 47968522 7.556E11 47792192 7.562E11 42488207 6.888E11
      With related children under 6 4.325E11 26872501 4.464E11 26775210 4.463E11 23829127 4.044E11

Region
Northeast 3.3E11 24656558 3.396E11 24670185 3.403E11 23072053 3.196E11
Midwest 3.704E11 28314877 3.828E11 28134350 3.823E11 25868299 3.528E11
South 8.535E11 62220610 8.818E11 61808424 8.783E11 57166805 8.151E11
West 3.831E11 28636950 3.994E11 28511123 3.996E11 25886996 3.638E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7.076E11 49000540 7.331E11 48691768 7.316E11 44759327 6.744E11
High school graduate, no college 7.045E11 53840147 7.283E11 53539882 7.257E11 49456174 6.722E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3.775E11 28969058 3.907E11 28839620 3.907E11 26376441 3.61E11
Bachelor's degree or more 1.474E11 12019250 1.515E11 12052813 1.525E11 11402212 1.437E11

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
1.4E12 97472071 1.461E12 96613503 1.456E12 85758690 1.312E12
Worked at full-time jobs 1.913E11 19649308 2.218E11 18876726 2.157E11 12671638 1.411E11
  50 to 52 weeks 8.04E10 9726482 9.914E10 9111258 9.444E10 5334215 5.408E10
Worked at part-time jobs 1.674E11 14258560 1.821E11 14167539 1.818E11 11429840 1.409E11
Did not work 1.041E12 63564203 1.057E12 63569237 1.059E12 61657211 1.03E12

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1.798E12 127825917 1.833E12 127764150 1.834E12 121938168 1.744E12
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1.27E12 82554433 1.302E12 82400198 1.302E12 76729027 1.215E12
  Householder 65 years and over 5.28E11 45271485 5.311E11 45363951 5.32E11 45209142 5.292E11
One worker 1.309E11 15107111 1.606E11 14435697 1.558E11 9396634 9.903E10
Two workers or more 7.7581E9 895967 1.003E10 924236 1.112E10 659351 8.3102E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 5.163E11 31255786 5.275E11 31214436 5.274E11 29629307 4.998E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 2.529E11 14323083 2.59E11 14282158 2.585E11 13251624 2.405E11
      SSI 3.225E11 19993466 3.285E11 19998377 3.289E11 19370097 3.177E11
  Food stamps 7.312E11 47117214 7.602E11 46668427 7.557E11 41540084 6.777E11
  Housing assistance 3.114E11 20618565 3.198E11 20497498 3.187E11 18643176 2.935E11
  Energy assistance 2.021E11 13535373 2.086E11 13408723 2.074E11 12243627 1.91E11
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 7.183E11 45641979 7.547E11 44835066 7.476E11 38322931 6.541E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 3.774E11 21854861 3.854E11 21828299 3.854E11 20638412 3.641E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2.833E11 24680492 2.943E11 24741547 2.968E11 22458634 2.738E11
  Medicare 8.92E11 69818639 9.037E11 70048698 9.068E11 69017076 8.902E11
  Medicaid 1.1E12 73908264 1.146E12 73104122 1.139E12 65177397 1.027E12
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
2.224E11 16924290 2.349E11 16760875 2.34E11 14771769 2.096E11
  Health insurance 1.721E11 13010009 1.823E11 12872714 1.817E11 11227967 1.613E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 3.643E11 23712929 3.711E11 23722309 3.71E11 23024233 3.589E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate
  All families 132107246 1.853E12 67303789 9.812E11 66292315 9.698E11 66229341

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 96838815 1.291E12 42840623 5.983E11 42222952 5.913E11 42178428
  White alone 95318154 1.27E12 41943382 5.856E11 41341579 5.788E11 41297485
      White alone, not Hispanic 73705648 9.418E11 26643437 3.542E11 26168684 3.485E11 26140322
Black alone or in combination 29624118 4.742E11 20570626 3.193E11 20340442 3.174E11 20326081
  Black alone 28973278 4.635E11 20176364 3.127E11 19949382 3.108E11 19935136
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
4296390 6.844E10 2897617 4.952E10 2744481 4.726E10 2741155
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
4084419 6.549E10 2756647 4.746E10 2604742 4.521E10 2601427
  Asian alone or in combination 4111677 6.586E10 2792469 4.816E10 2640108 4.59E10 2637216
      Asian alone 3917879 6.31E10 2661178 4.621E10 2509804 4.395E10 2506922
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
225502 3.1592E9 122094 1.6677E9 120672 1.663E9 120239
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
166540 2.3867E9 95469 1.2591E9 94938 1.2579E9 94505
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
3271824 4.78E10 2103261 3.05E10 2075865 3.016E10 2074672
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1914357 2.782E10 1357022 1.9E10 1343149 1.883E10 1342260
Two or more races 1817037 2.67E10 1070375 1.639E10 1053463 1.62E10 1053033
Hispanic (of any race) 23749840 3.598E11 17119605 2.579E11 16987060 2.566E11 16970830
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 74896032 9.574E11 27261352 3.626E11 26770827 3.568E11 26742170

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 9985188 1.43E11 9018273 1.269E11 8993479 1.267E11 8990380
25 to 44 years 40573317 6.483E11 33723295 5.207E11 33551959 5.184E11 33513207
45 to 54 years 16897229 2.603E11 11466391 1.73E11 11310027 1.716E11 11297295
55 to 64 years 18375050 2.62E11 7553067 1.011E11 7292800 9.856E10 7287816
65 years and over 46276462 5.399E11 5542764 5.955E10 5144050 5.454E10 5140644

Type of Family
Married-couple families 69225667 9.028E11 22411378 3.223E11 21832735 3.146E11 21808859
  With related children under 18 18504053 3.245E11 13763469 2.293E11 13586276 2.267E11 13562724
      With related children under 6 9380573 1.606E11 7736930 1.263E11 7666847 1.253E11 7657019
Male householder, no wife present 9312493 1.289E11 5735171 7.552E10 5674584 7.499E10 5667634
Female householder, no husband present 53569086 8.217E11 39157240 5.834E11 38784996 5.803E11 38752848
      With related children under 6 23809086 4.042E11 21382343 3.481E11 21299641 3.475E11 21286902
Northeast 23092855 3.206E11 12151748 1.785E11 11969483 1.762E11 11956989
Midwest 25867334 3.528E11 12303165 1.79E11 12153238 1.777E11 12143249
South 57214020 8.153E11 28549293 4.127E11 28202086 4.093E11 28174378
West 25933037 3.648E11 14299584 2.111E11 13967507 2.066E11 13954726

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 44847927 6.764E11 25749553 3.977E11 25369456 3.933E11 25351393
High school graduate, no college 49467307 6.72E11 23710327 3.328E11 23365557 3.292E11 23342989
College: Less than bachelor's degree 26368675 3.611E11 12892910 1.824E11 12694294 1.8E11 12679202
Bachelor's degree or more 11423337 1.441E11 4950999 6.83E10 4863008 6.73E10 4855757

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
85830784 1.314E12 61761025 9.217E11 61148265 9.153E11 61088697
Worked at full-time jobs 12677362 1.418E11 10569679 1.179E11 10512002 1.172E11 10494126
  50 to 52 weeks 5333373 5.459E10 4672580 4.841E10 4647276 4.823E10 4635679
Worked at part-time jobs 11423972 1.409E11 9259129 1.128E11 9190222 1.123E11 9178823
Did not work 61729450 1.031E12 41932218 6.91E11 41446041 6.858E11 41415749
No workers 121949329 1.744E12 59218414 8.932E11 58365264 8.832E11 58322485
  Householder 15 to 64 years 76717840 1.214E12 53964579 8.372E11 53441924 8.314E11 53401839
  Householder 65 years and over 45231489 5.293E11 5253835 5.603E10 4923341 5.184E10 4920646
One worker 9491468 1.011E11 7489492 8.018E10 7381006 7.917E10 7362669
Two workers or more 666449 8.4747E9 595884 7.8218E9 546045 7.4233E9 544187

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 29622291 4.997E11 22165784 3.621E11 21368248 3.52E11 21357208
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 13238943 2.403E11 11568595 2.041E11 11443922 2.028E11 11438600
      SSI 19377044 3.178E11 13085665 2.062E11 12327819 1.965E11 12320542
  Food stamps 41517994 6.777E11 31921214 5.001E11 31491379 4.953E11 31478170
  Housing assistance 18618329 2.931E11 14316593 2.215E11 14041155 2.18E11 14034758
  Energy assistance 12215484 1.904E11 8452298 1.27E11 8284531 1.248E11 8280258
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 38277808 6.537E11 30582543 4.977E11 30345598 4.945E11 30340537
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 20629833 3.64E11 16619549 2.821E11 16262713 2.776E11 16256175
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 22541002 2.75E11 9674422 1.261E11 9586208 1.251E11 9566219
  Medicare 69105413 8.914E11 12845712 1.647E11 11834238 1.533E11 11825810
  Medicaid 65150208 1.027E12 45295370 6.857E11 44468597 6.76E11 44432747
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
14802380 2.104E11 12771294 1.789E11 12771294 1.789E11 12758619
  Health insurance 11240856 1.616E11 10344479 1.473E11 10344479 1.473E11 10335354
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 23042593 3.59E11 8518101 1.172E11 7691328 1.075E11 7684446

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 9.685E11 56451762 7.639E11 55314733 7.552E11 42510896 5.219E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 5.904E11 36345594 4.74E11 35619401 4.691E11 28969300 3.53E11
  White alone 5.779E11 35614145 4.646E11 34903613 4.597E11 28456787 3.472E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 3.479E11 22465147 2.822E11 22050742 2.792E11 18444446 2.212E11
Black alone or in combination 3.17E11 16954760 2.423E11 16602018 2.396E11 10961091 1.321E11
  Black alone 3.104E11 16601243 2.364E11 16258445 2.337E11 10725228 1.289E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
4.718E10 2287481 3.595E10 2235058 3.512E10 1951272 2.912E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
4.513E10 2158053 3.411E10 2107306 3.328E10 1834446 2.754E10
  Asian alone or in combination 4.583E10 2212267 3.517E10 2162840 3.437E10 1901357 2.869E10
      Asian alone 4.388E10 2087142 3.335E10 2037968 3.254E10 1787361 2.711E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
1.6572E9 90603 1.0553E9 87607 1.031E9 59484 5.9766E8
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
1.2521E9 70911 7.6119E8 69338 7.4144E8 47085 4.2751E8
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
3.013E10 1780616 2.441E10 1749925 2.415E10 1251955 1.528E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1.881E10 1184835 1.586E10 1169204 1.569E10 874756 1.047E10
Two or more races 1.619E10 893486 1.293E10 876164 1.283E10 619679 7.7803E9
Hispanic (of any race) 2.563E11 14697893 2.033E11 14373849 2.011E11 11057788 1.381E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3.562E11 22967442 2.886E11 22540751 2.855E11 18807303 2.253E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1.266E11 8292008 1.113E11 8136616 1.098E11 6181381 7.522E10
25 to 44 years 5.176E11 29111558 4.152E11 28425375 4.102E11 20559997 2.633E11
45 to 54 years 1.713E11 9110779 1.248E11 8928669 1.232E11 7058775 8.764E10
55 to 64 years 9.846E10 5798502 7.103E10 5698045 7.055E10 4980614 5.99E10
65 years and over 5.449E10 4138914 4.156E10 4126028 4.148E10 3730128 3.577E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 3.14E11 18914978 2.578E11 18454917 2.542E11 15872913 2.05E11
  With related children under 18 2.262E11 12024719 1.873E11 11607689 1.84E11 9301147 1.379E11
      With related children under 6 1.25E11 6925464 1.043E11 6635805 1.018E11 5121274 7.148E10
Male householder, no wife present 7.488E10 4930629 6.133E10 4850028 6.043E10 4126101 4.92E10
Female householder, no husband present 5.796E11 32606154 4.448E11 32009788 4.405E11 22511883 2.677E11
  With related children under 18 5.403E11 29816651 4.197E11 29248231 4.156E11 20180158 2.471E11
      With related children under 6 3.472E11 18735614 2.802E11 18376909 2.774E11 12716415 1.637E11

Region
Northeast 1.759E11 9790037 1.34E11 9550077 1.317E11 7053885 8.816E10
Midwest 1.775E11 10635238 1.427E11 10392577 1.41E11 7737255 9.182E10
South 4.087E11 24520628 3.338E11 24169258 3.315E11 18723949 2.291E11
West 2.064E11 11505858 1.535E11 11202820 1.509E11 8995807 1.128E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3.93E11 20630184 2.902E11 20109905 2.855E11 14862808 1.833E11
High school graduate, no college 3.287E11 20224568 2.65E11 19838138 2.625E11 15032522 1.775E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1.796E11 11069969 1.481E11 10853325 1.467E11 8432704 1.063E11
Bachelor's degree or more 6.713E10 4527042 6.057E10 4513364 6.049E10 4182862 5.473E10

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
9.14E11 52312848 7.223E11 51188705 7.137E11 38780767 4.861E11
Worked at full-time jobs 1.17E11 9791272 1.052E11 9391444 1.024E11 6752135 6.727E10
  50 to 52 weeks 4.81E10 4397999 4.426E10 4157068 4.285E10 3107909 3.082E10
Worked at part-time jobs 1.121E11 8408879 9.747E10 8188096 9.581E10 5651551 5.631E10
Did not work 6.849E11 34112697 5.196E11 33609165 5.155E11 26377081 3.625E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 8.821E11 49044645 6.849E11 48342077 6.794E11 37034526 4.643E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 8.303E11 45081125 6.451E11 44391444 6.397E11 33471160 4.301E11
  Householder 65 years and over 5.179E10 3963520 3.988E10 3950634 3.979E10 3563366 3.424E10
One worker 7.894E10 6877111 7.161E10 6472246 6.871E10 4997594 5.075E10
Two workers or more 7.3962E9 530006 7.3234E9 500409 7.0428E9 478775 6.8412E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 3.517E11 11697051 1.482E11 11222959 1.439E11 6294042 5.921E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 2.026E11 7447693 1.031E11 7122827 9.969E10 3671840 3.699E10
      SSI 1.963E11 5074247 5.4E10 4828275 5.208E10 2985830 2.576E10
  Food stamps 4.949E11 24888732 3.442E11 23927895 3.363E11 12645989 1.313E11
  Housing assistance 2.178E11 11252713 1.555E11 10752389 1.513E11 4155619 3.595E10
  Energy assistance 1.247E11 6260279 8.11E10 6065319 7.959E10 3203618 3.054E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 4.944E11 25203902 3.655E11 24497518 3.597E11 15404195 1.857E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 2.774E11 9669559 1.266E11 9221106 1.224E11 4481225 4.016E10

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.247E11 8936258 1.135E11 8818036 1.128E11 7666131 9.612E10
  Medicare 1.532E11 8755065 1.009E11 8653442 1.003E11 7039995 7.526E10
  Medicaid 6.752E11 34850474 4.728E11 33713445 4.641E11 22476816 2.6E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
1.786E11 12677394 1.776E11 12677394 1.776E11 11707790 1.587E11
  Health insurance 1.471E11 10269206 1.462E11 10269206 1.462E11 9431350 1.295E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 1.073E11 4706910 5.599E10 4605287 5.535E10 3269721 3.542E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 15 Definition 16 Definition 17
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 40418314 4.939E11 42944730 5.243E11 68383908 9.056E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 27568817 3.347E11 29292527 3.55E11 44613215 5.714E11
  White alone 27080892 3.291E11 28773568 3.492E11 43701714 5.598E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 17504347 2.106E11 18623143 2.224E11 26676665 3.288E11
Black alone or in combination 10476505 1.255E11 11047984 1.324E11 20069823 2.797E11
  Black alone 10241421 1.222E11 10808942 1.292E11 19643214 2.729E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
1798972 2.665E10 1974376 2.925E10 2785412 4.182E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
1681269 2.508E10 1857551 2.767E10 2604002 3.95E10
  Asian alone or in combination 1752836 2.628E10 1924461 2.882E10 2669363 4.069E10
      Asian alone 1637360 2.471E10 1810466 2.724E10 2496084 3.841E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
57800 5.4035E8 59484 5.9766E8 148766 1.5743E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
43910 3.6527E8 47085 4.2751E8 107917 1.0898E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1175047 1.448E10 1262189 1.531E10 2059356 2.814E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
820940 9.9123E9 876434 1.047E10 1348208 1.816E10
Two or more races 593792 7.5873E9 628235 7.8067E9 1086770 1.525E10
Hispanic (of any race) 10589717 1.301E11 11202142 1.389E11 18858441 2.555E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 17855016 2.146E11 18989070 2.265E11 27305083 3.364E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 6116752 7.416E10 6240051 7.568E10 9744830 1.289E11
25 to 44 years 20089262 2.56E11 20725562 2.641E11 37088727 5.126E11
45 to 54 years 6513075 8.026E10 7128342 8.797E10 10790403 1.434E11
55 to 64 years 4221960 4.87E10 5074056 6.043E10 6422548 7.748E10
65 years and over 3477265 3.479E10 3776719 3.612E10 4337401 4.332E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 14853709 1.906E11 16139555 2.064E11 24160148 3.252E11
  With related children under 18 9114182 1.337E11 9488842 1.39E11 16866789 2.52E11
      With related children under 6 5050536 7.081E10 5245931 7.211E10 10003847 1.484E11
Male householder, no wife present 3845283 4.553E10 4169352 4.958E10 5842679 7.182E10
Female householder, no husband present 21719322 2.578E11 22635823 2.683E11 38381081 5.086E11
  With related children under 18 19481384 2.368E11 20296637 2.476E11 35409573 4.82E11
      With related children under 6 12434430 1.592E11 12806233 1.641E11 21852052 3.196E11

Region
Northeast 6668433 8.1E10 7144576 8.889E10 11509778 1.542E11
Midwest 7449032 8.945E10 7809904 9.224E10 13053549 1.707E11
South 18020191 2.207E11 18881096 2.299E11 29454725 3.927E11
West 8280658 1.027E11 9109154 1.132E11 14365857 1.879E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 14203169 1.744E11 15084513 1.845E11 24773281 3.447E11
High school graduate, no college 14415283 1.726E11 15154530 1.78E11 24688402 3.167E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8018767 1.001E11 8499885 1.068E11 13578010 1.739E11
Bachelor's degree or more 3781094 4.69E10 4205802 5.503E10 5344216 7.028E10

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
36941049 4.591E11 39168011 4.882E11 64046507 8.623E11
Worked at full-time jobs 6788471 7.019E10 6884861 6.832E10 16668778 1.805E11
  50 to 52 weeks 3252809 3.467E10 3166373 3.112E10 8813400 8.902E10
Worked at part-time jobs 5437160 5.364E10 5694134 5.651E10 11121367 1.337E11
Did not work 24715418 3.353E11 26589016 3.634E11 36256363 5.481E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 34770639 4.315E11 37285422 4.654E11 54910238 7.628E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 31551659 3.996E11 33692089 4.311E11 50797633 7.217E11
  Householder 65 years and over 3218980 3.192E10 3593332 3.432E10 4112605 4.111E10
One worker 5095256 5.417E10 5160515 5.194E10 12623556 1.322E11
Two workers or more 552420 8.1887E9 498793 6.9461E9 850114 1.065E10

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 6001438 5.631E10 6427819 5.975E10 12844907 1.632E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 3549071 3.53E10 3755708 3.741E10 8293684 1.148E11
      SSI 2792465 2.404E10 3054557 2.592E10 5420752 5.771E10
  Food stamps 12117259 1.256E11 12841399 1.324E11 30074507 4.122E11
  Housing assistance 4155619 3.595E10 4202169 3.615E10 13201862 1.786E11
  Energy assistance 2968897 2.791E10 3235035 3.063E10 7394815 9.483E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 14796362 1.769E11 15554531 1.866E11 31839412 4.495E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 4324992 3.897E10 4588304 4.064E10 10632884 1.396E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 7440700 9.354E10 7735190 9.687E10 13133460 1.558E11
  Medicare 6670201 7.355E10 7189677 7.62E10 9525049 1.08E11
  Medicaid 21577307 2.489E11 22833077 2.617E11 42375068 5.65E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
10958861 1.462E11 11707790 1.587E11 14520417 2.003E11
  Health insurance 8939244 1.217E11 9431350 1.295E11 11825092 1.655E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 3082080 3.449E10 3341829 3.566E10 5201032 6.03E10

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Families in Poverty
Definition 18
Aggregate Aggregate squared

Families Below Poverty
  All families 58242894 7.819E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
White alone or in combination 37610500 4.875E11
  White alone 36829644 4.774E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 23250432 2.902E11
Black alone or in combination 17419736 2.465E11
  Black alone 17056179 2.404E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2356635 3.644E10
Asian alone or Native
Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2222232 3.459E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2275681 3.563E10
      Asian alone 2145825 3.379E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
97775 1.0965E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
76407 7.9672E8
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1823645 2.495E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1191241 1.592E10
Two or more races 943598 1.356E10
Hispanic (of any race) 15173273 2.087E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 23772505 2.967E11

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 8465835 1.132E11
25 to 44 years 29994143 4.249E11
45 to 54 years 9470811 1.281E11
55 to 64 years 6061680 7.338E10
65 years and over 4250425 4.224E10

Type of Family
Married-couple families 19816775 2.674E11
  With related children under 18 12655424 1.953E11
      With related children under 6 7279487 1.09E11
Male householder, no wife present 5033578 6.264E10
Female householder, no husband present 33392541 4.518E11
  With related children under 18 30502847 4.26E11
      With related children under 6 19072731 2.838E11

Region
Northeast 10137539 1.377E11
Midwest 11013313 1.464E11
South 25136294 3.395E11
West 11955747 1.583E11

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 21112689 2.954E11
High school graduate, no college 20932430 2.714E11
College: Less than bachelor's degree 11493734 1.52E11
Bachelor's degree or more 4704040 6.304E10

Work Experience in 2007
 
Total, 15 to 64 years
53992469 7.396E11
Worked at full-time jobs 10659390 1.136E11
  50 to 52 weeks 4982377 4.981E10
Worked at part-time jobs 8690198 1E11
Did not work 34642880 5.259E11

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 49955793 6.938E11
  Householder 15 to 64 years 45898850 6.535E11
  Householder 65 years and over 4056943 4.03E10
One worker 7658116 7.962E10
Two workers or more 628985 8.3968E9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 11842232 1.494E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7521852 1.038E11
      SSI 5160716 5.452E10
  Food stamps 25448172 3.49E11
  Housing assistance 11489626 1.574E11
  Energy assistance 6373255 8.189E10
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 25852770 3.72E11
Family received
both food stamps and cash assistance 9803849 1.277E11

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 10470332 1.296E11
  Medicare 9098421 1.033E11
  Medicaid 35486298 4.781E11
No members covered by:
Employer-provided plan or
      Medicare or Medicaid
12690205 1.779E11
  Health insurance 10278447 1.463E11
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 4890965 5.706E10

Race Footnotes

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