[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 6. Mean and Aggregate Income Deficits and Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2007-RS

    Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
  Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains
Definition 3
Total (thousands) Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 51740 5403 43 7604 24 7608 24

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 51740 5403 43 7604 24 7608 24
White alone or in combination 42553 5435 49 7508 27 7503 27
  White alone 41931 5433 50 7505 27 7500 27
      White alone, not Hispanic 36909 5349 54 7494 29 7487 29
Black alone or in combination 7036 5130 96 8117 55 8153 55
  Black alone 6807 5083 98 8111 57 8149 56
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
1951 6528 201 7562 143 7622 140
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
1811 6507 209 7604 146 7668 143
  Asian alone or in combination 1837 6530 206 7559 147 7625 144
      Asian alone 1720 6507 215 7602 150 7672 146
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
140 6586 798 7404 562 7367 571
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
91 6503 894 7639 638 7596 653
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
919 4919 231 7548 165 7562 165
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
487 4927 293 7396 233 7438 231
Two or more races 704 5616 300 7791 188 7768 189
Hispanic (of any race) 5508 5758 113 7553 81 7564 81
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 37462 5354 54 7497 29 7490 29

Age
15 to 24 years 6856 6740 77 6982 74 6970 74
25 to 44 years 16989 6231 83 7422 70 7381 70
45 to 54 years 8430 5442 105 8295 68 8304 68
55 to 64 years 7386 4790 110 8281 64 8289 64
65 years and over 12080 3162 79 7481 32 7504 32

Region
Northeast 9696 5326 102 7764 53 7748 54
Midwest 11503 5257 91 7373 53 7383 53
South 18162 5215 73 7651 41 7667 41
West 12379 5899 92 7616 55 7613 55

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 51565 5351 43 7595 24 7598 24
18 to 24 years 6681 6613 80 6864 77 6852 76
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 806 7269 166 7587 158 7635 155
25 years and over 44884 4977 49 7703 25 7711 25
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6525 4233 83 8006 43 8010 43
  High school graduate, no college 13876 5081 83 7710 41 7736 41
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11724 5366 110 7477 57 7498 57
  Bachelor's degree or more 12759 5947 135 7336 80 7270 82

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 15404 5924 50 7897 36 7889 36
Worked at full-time jobs 4566 4224 106 4361 101 4383 100
  50 to 52 weeks 23243 4143 163 4166 161 4117 158
Worked at part-time jobs 4087 4751 86 5118 78 5109 78
Did not work 6751 6539 64 9121 29 9124 29

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2117 2552 64 9007 44 9032 43
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 243 5064 256 8274 204 8305 205
      SSI 1923 2210 55 9082 42 9109 40
  Food stamps 2755 3878 86 8493 53 8507 52
  Housing assistance 2697 3704 105 8365 53 8407 53
  Energy assistance 1481 3601 135 8340 74 8338 74
  Food stamps and cash assist 1073 2575 84 9091 58 9118 56

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 24320 6028 125 6537 76 6538 77
  Medicare 13605 2877 64 7741 29 7764 29
      Also Medicaid 2274 2219 89 8708 45 8717 45
  Medicaid 4718 3870 75 8575 40 8578 40
Not covered by:
Health insurance 10585 6975 64 7277 60 7270 60

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 7609 24 7469 25 7451 25 7432 25

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 7609 24 7469 25 7451 25 7432 25
White alone or in combination 7501 27 7373 28 7353 28 7330 28
  White alone 7498 28 7372 28 7352 28 7329 29
      White alone, not Hispanic 7485 29 7396 30 7378 30 7357 30
Black alone or in combination 8164 55 8017 58 8006 58 8012 58
  Black alone 8160 56 8014 59 8002 59 8009 59
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7587 142 7201 152 7171 153 7158 154
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
7638 144 7261 156 7228 156 7218 158
  Asian alone or in combination 7595 145 7246 155 7214 156 7203 157
      Asian alone 7647 148 7289 159 7253 160 7244 161
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
7246 590 6502 625 6518 621 6482 627
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
7486 666 6830 707 6844 702 6801 711
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
7666 163 7442 172 7449 171 7408 174
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
7556 226 7396 233 7405 232 7359 235
Two or more races 7812 192 7496 211 7501 211 7462 214
Hispanic (of any race) 7559 81 7178 85 7147 85 7105 87
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7490 29 7397 29 7379 29 7358 30

Age
15 to 24 years 6977 75 6743 75 6707 75 6709 75
25 to 44 years 7383 71 7041 72 7016 72 6960 74
45 to 54 years 8310 68 8056 73 8054 73 8007 75
55 to 64 years 8282 65 8152 67 8157 66 8121 68
65 years and over 7502 32 7497 32 7477 32 7477 32

Region
Northeast 7762 54 7608 56 7590 56 7572 56
Midwest 7393 54 7264 55 7255 55 7242 55
South 7660 42 7541 42 7517 43 7502 43
West 7606 55 7436 57 7414 57 7383 58

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 7599 24 7458 25 7439 25 7420 25
18 to 24 years 6854 77 6608 78 6570 78 6572 78
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7654 155 7271 167 7204 168 7207 168
25 years and over 7710 25 7590 26 7574 26 7552 26
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 8003 43 7891 44 7872 45 7847 45
  High school graduate, no college 7729 41 7605 42 7590 42 7569 43
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7509 57 7358 59 7349 59 7330 59
  Bachelor's degree or more 7276 82 7208 83 7189 83 7166 84

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 7890 37 7711 38 7697 38 7661 38
Worked at full-time jobs 4276 102 4123 97 4079 96 3925 96
  50 to 52 weeks 4102 161 3382 135 3366 133 3264 135
Worked at part-time jobs 5065 79 4860 78 4872 78 4748 79
Did not work 9124 29 9124 29 9120 29 9120 29

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 9033 43 9038 42 9035 42 9026 43
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 8326 204 8407 192 8412 191 8383 195
      SSI 9107 40 9103 40 9099 41 9093 41
  Food stamps 8512 52 8401 55 8389 55 8373 56
  Housing assistance 8421 52 8359 54 8362 54 8344 54
  Energy assistance 8373 73 8315 75 8316 75 8292 76
  Food stamps and cash assist 9123 55 9131 54 9132 54 9121 55

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6507 79 6408 79 6380 79 6382 80
  Medicare 7763 29 7765 29 7745 29 7742 29
      Also Medicaid 8716 45 8715 45 8700 45 8695 46
  Medicaid 8576 40 8548 40 8517 41 8505 41
Not covered by:
Health insurance 7270 60 6837 62 6825 62 6762 63

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers
Definition 9
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 7407 25 5891 41 5998 42 5998 41

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 7407 25 5891 41 5998 42 5998 41
White alone or in combination 7303 28 5818 47 5907 48 5906 48
  White alone 7302 29 5814 48 5901 48 5901 48
      White alone, not Hispanic 7328 30 5761 53 5866 53 5866 53
Black alone or in combination 8000 58 6142 93 6310 94 6309 94
  Black alone 7997 59 6125 95 6282 96 6281 96
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7122 155 6302 197 6410 196 6409 196
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
7178 159 6296 204 6413 203 6412 203
  Asian alone or in combination 7164 158 6353 202 6469 200 6467 200
      Asian alone 7203 163 6326 209 6450 208 6449 208
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
6476 628 5756 795 5768 799 5766 798
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
6795 712 5846 870 5870 875 5870 875
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
7416 173 5553 234 5889 237 5888 237
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
7371 233 5566 296 5768 302 5766 302
Two or more races 7466 214 5992 295 6313 291 6312 291
Hispanic (of any race) 7093 87 6042 107 6062 108 6062 108
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7329 30 5772 52 5875 53 5874 53

Age
15 to 24 years 6656 76 6512 78 6524 78 6521 78
25 to 44 years 6947 74 6372 81 6423 81 6423 81
45 to 54 years 7997 75 6514 100 6622 100 6622 100
55 to 64 years 8098 68 6213 109 6268 110 6268 110
65 years and over 7454 32 3826 82 3966 86 3966 86

Region
Northeast 7529 57 6036 97 6127 98 6126 98
Midwest 7211 55 5786 90 5876 90 5875 90
South 7477 43 5728 72 5832 73 5832 73
West 7381 58 6113 87 6255 88 6254 88

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 7396 25 5851 42 5957 42 5957 42
18 to 24 years 6522 78 6374 81 6383 81 6382 81
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7213 167 7019 171 7019 171 7016 171
25 years and over 7533 27 5701 48 5829 49 5829 49
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7829 46 5449 85 5521 87 5521 87
  High school graduate, no college 7552 43 5737 81 5893 82 5893 82
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7330 59 5753 107 5907 107 5907 107
  Bachelor's degree or more 7099 85 6163 130 6308 130 6308 130

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 7638 38 6576 48 6642 48 6642 48
Worked at full-time jobs 3929 95 3809 102 3805 102 3805 102
  50 to 52 weeks 3241 133 3172 135 3164 135 3164 135
Worked at part-time jobs 4702 79 4498 85 4499 85 4499 85
Did not work 9112 29 7734 55 7875 54 7875 54

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 9014 44 7193 91 7293 90 7293 90
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 8388 194 7177 282 7284 291 7284 291
      SSI 9079 42 7164 95 7245 94 7245 94
  Food stamps 8377 56 5989 93 6154 94 6154 94
  Housing assistance 8339 55 5933 111 6301 112 6301 112
  Energy assistance 8296 76 5502 150 5799 154 5799 154
  Food stamps and cash assist 9123 55 7273 121 7299 122 7299 122

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6349 80 5808 130 5891 131 5889 131
  Medicare 7721 29 3967 72 4053 75 4053 75
      Also Medicaid 8685 46 4713 116 4744 120 4744 120
  Medicaid 8502 41 6298 76 6450 77 6450 77
Not covered by:
Health insurance 6725 63 6474 66 6474 66 6474 66

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 5357 43 5453 44 5425 45 5555 46

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 5357 43 5453 44 5425 45 5555 46
White alone or in combination 5338 49 5431 50 5439 51 5577 53
  White alone 5337 50 5428 51 5439 52 5580 53
      White alone, not Hispanic 5301 55 5399 56 5405 57 5567 59
Black alone or in combination 5307 98 5400 100 5228 105 5323 108
  Black alone 5267 100 5360 102 5194 107 5285 111
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
6158 205 6342 206 6293 207 6367 208
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6151 213 6324 214 6277 215 6349 215
  Asian alone or in combination 6207 211 6371 211 6283 212 6347 213
      Asian alone 6178 220 6354 219 6265 221 6326 221
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
5586 796 5987 845 6535 850 6628 850
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
5766 878 5876 932 6475 940 6716 932
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
5041 240 5113 248 4885 252 5038 253
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
5103 300 5116 308 4871 308 5080 314
Two or more races 5508 310 5669 320 5514 329 5573 328
Hispanic (of any race) 5450 112 5524 114 5502 116 5549 118
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5304 54 5404 55 5407 57 5566 58

Age
15 to 24 years 6441 79 6510 79 6368 80 6348 80
25 to 44 years 5909 83 6033 85 5947 87 5920 88
45 to 54 years 5449 107 5584 110 5517 114 5503 117
55 to 64 years 4778 113 4915 117 4931 123 4927 125
65 years and over 3358 86 3405 87 3433 92 3772 108

Region
Northeast 5394 103 5609 106 5415 110 5363 113
Midwest 5234 92 5304 94 5309 97 5430 99
South 5166 74 5228 75 5234 77 5489 80
West 5736 92 5819 94 5826 95 5905 96

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 5304 43 5400 44 5375 45 5503 46
18 to 24 years 6295 81 6369 82 6241 83 6220 83
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6850 175 6912 176 6582 182 6585 184
25 years and over 4984 50 5083 51 5072 53 5225 55
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4258 85 4372 89 4288 93 4536 100
  High school graduate, no college 5114 84 5205 86 5188 89 5227 93
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 5318 111 5404 113 5420 117 5554 120
  Bachelor's degree or more 5887 137 5936 138 5955 139 6103 137

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 5856 51 5992 52 5933 53 5926 54
Worked at full-time jobs 3756 101 3748 103 3574 100 3639 102
  50 to 52 weeks 3162 135 3168 137 3188 143 3378 152
Worked at part-time jobs 4371 85 4390 87 4306 87 4297 89
Did not work 6781 64 7009 65 7013 67 7002 67

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2706 72 2762 83 2358 85 2414 99
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 5271 264 5152 286 3626 291 3557 301
      SSI 2330 62 2361 72 2107 78 2162 96
  Food stamps 4084 92 4247 100 3707 102 3834 108
  Housing assistance 4342 120 4594 132 3515 116 3515 116
  Energy assistance 3844 144 3912 154 3611 166 3850 187
  Food stamps and cash assist 2727 95 2793 110 2007 103 2004 115

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5815 133 5840 133 5836 133 5877 133
  Medicare 3129 73 3200 75 3184 79 3578 96
      Also Medicaid 2484 115 2656 123 2694 143 2936 167
  Medicaid 4118 80 4343 89 4234 99 4406 105
Not covered by:
Health insurance 6424 66 6424 66 6311 67 6244 67

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 16
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 17
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 18
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 5322 44 5192 41 5167 42

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 5322 44 5192 41 5167 42
White alone or in combination 5336 50 5203 48 5176 48
  White alone 5337 51 5197 48 5170 48
      White alone, not Hispanic 5285 56 5143 53 5119 53
Black alone or in combination 5132 103 5041 94 5019 95
  Black alone 5102 105 5010 96 4988 97
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
6165 205 5959 202 5971 203
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6165 213 5942 210 5953 211
  Asian alone or in combination 6184 211 5990 208 6005 209
      Asian alone 6157 219 5950 216 5964 218
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
6006 819 5701 779 5670 783
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
6275 895 5812 868 5784 872
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
4743 243 4852 227 4807 228
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
4759 295 4875 287 4833 288
Two or more races 5327 326 5418 295 5381 297
Hispanic (of any race) 5497 114 5398 109 5350 110
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5286 55 5152 52 5129 53

Age
15 to 24 years 6311 79 6393 78 6397 78
25 to 44 years 5799 85 5800 81 5752 82
45 to 54 years 5371 110 5220 102 5172 103
55 to 64 years 4815 121 4664 108 4637 109
65 years and over 3394 89 3145 79 3145 79

Region
Northeast 5336 108 5102 99 5079 100
Midwest 5181 94 5045 88 5034 89
South 5150 76 5055 71 5034 72
West 5697 93 5610 90 5563 90

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 5271 44 5140 42 5114 42
18 to 24 years 6185 82 6252 80 6256 80
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6613 178 6791 175 6794 175
25 years and over 4959 51 4799 48 4763 48
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4200 90 4106 81 4058 81
  High school graduate, no college 5066 86 4928 80 4886 81
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 5299 115 5137 107 5107 108
  Bachelor's degree or more 5837 137 5630 134 5636 135

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 5798 52 5744 50 5715 50
Worked at full-time jobs 3584 98 3943 99 3806 100
  50 to 52 weeks 3155 141 3090 125 2999 126
Worked at part-time jobs 4286 86 4449 83 4364 84
Did not work 6782 66 6549 64 6549 64

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2376 76 2560 65 2564 65
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 3763 267 5180 254 5220 253
      SSI 2123 71 2207 55 2210 55
  Food stamps 3651 97 3854 85 3822 85
  Housing assistance 3620 115 3686 104 3673 104
  Energy assistance 3493 158 3602 133 3572 133
  Food stamps and cash assist 2041 97 2593 85 2587 85

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5777 132 5472 121 5472 122
  Medicare 3093 74 2876 64 2875 64
      Also Medicaid 2587 129 2214 88 2211 88
  Medicaid 4063 89 3858 74 3850 75
Not covered by:
Health insurance 6311 67 6468 65 6425 66

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7 Definition 8
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)
All Unrelated Individuals 8890 16687 16566 16490 17000 17061 17034 17102

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 8890 16687 16566 16490 17000 17061 17034 17102
White alone or in combination 6637 13379 13282 13226 13622 13673 13661 13721
  White alone 6501 13174 13082 13031 13415 13466 13454 13514
      White alone, not Hispanic 5349 11641 11549 11508 11773 11813 11805 11862
Black alone or in combination 1765 2653 2633 2619 2694 2701 2688 2693
  Black alone 1705 2566 2546 2532 2604 2611 2598 2603
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
389 523 519 518 553 556 555 558
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
361 490 487 485 517 521 519 522
  Asian alone or in combination 367 493 491 489 519 523 521 524
      Asian alone 339 461 459 457 486 489 488 490
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
26 37 36 36 41 41 41 41
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
21 29 28 28 31 31 31 31
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
259 381 375 366 383 383 383 383
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
166 216 215 210 219 219 219 219
Two or more races 157 241 236 232 245 245 245 245
Hispanic (of any race) 1279 1695 1694 1683 1814 1825 1821 1825
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5477 11833 11736 11691 11966 12006 11999 12055

Age
15 to 24 years 2149 2291 2300 2268 2415 2432 2429 2453
25 to 44 years 2197 2543 2552 2527 2724 2741 2724 2733
45 to 54 years 1492 1931 1916 1906 1994 1997 1993 1996
55 to 64 years 1283 2226 2203 2198 2255 2256 2254 2262
65 years and over 1769 7697 7596 7592 7611 7634 7634 7659

Region
Northeast 1670 3323 3317 3293 3391 3403 3401 3422
Midwest 1915 3716 3693 3670 3783 3791 3781 3804
South 3245 6014 5926 5914 6080 6106 6094 6115
West 2061 3635 3630 3613 3746 3761 3759 3761

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 8741 16538 16416 16342 16851 16913 16886 16953
18 to 24 years 2000 2142 2150 2119 2267 2284 2281 2303
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 414 421 420 416 450 455 455 455
25 years and over 6741 14396 14266 14223 14585 14629 14605 14650
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2167 4217 4180 4177 4272 4286 4281 4292
  High school graduate, no college 2363 5387 5328 5313 5449 5465 5457 5472
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1338 3153 3132 3117 3214 3222 3215 3217
  Bachelor's degree or more 872 1639 1625 1616 1650 1656 1653 1669

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6150 7972 7942 7892 8207 8235 8217 8249
Worked at full-time jobs 711 825 831 802 934 955 947 953
  50 to 52 weeks 367 392 402 382 545 553 544 552
Worked at part-time jobs 1195 1456 1462 1440 1624 1626 1616 1636
Did not work 4245 5691 5649 5649 5649 5654 5654 5660

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1256 1970 1961 1958 1963 1964 1963 1966
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 151 215 213 212 212 212 212 212
      SSI 1135 1804 1794 1792 1797 1798 1797 1800
  Food stamps 1724 2319 2305 2299 2348 2352 2348 2348
  Housing assistance 1183 2194 2166 2161 2190 2190 2190 2191
  Energy assistance 668 1195 1185 1176 1192 1192 1192 1192
  Food stamps and cash assist 761 1024 1018 1017 1019 1019 1019 1019

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 975 2165 2128 2052 2111 2125 2114 2127
  Medicare 2448 9309 9189 9185 9203 9229 9229 9256
      Also Medicaid 885 2032 2022 2022 2025 2029 2029 2032
  Medicaid 2385 3835 3818 3814 3847 3863 3860 3863
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3196 3460 3467 3467 3806 3822 3810 3837

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 16
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 9885 9465 9465 8927 8601 8026 7441 8341
White alone or in combination 7414 7126 7126 6741 6503 6121 5671 6361
  White alone 7262 6979 6979 6606 6374 6007 5562 6243
      White alone, not Hispanic 5936 5679 5679 5373 5179 4884 4478 5098
Black alone or in combination 1925 1818 1818 1686 1617 1441 1328 1495
  Black alone 1852 1752 1752 1626 1558 1387 1277 1440
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
443 429 429 411 395 380 363 392
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
413 398 398 380 367 352 336 362
  Asian alone or in combination 416 402 402 385 372 360 344 369
      Asian alone 388 373 373 356 344 331 317 340
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
31 31 31 30 27 24 23 27
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
25 25 25 24 23 20 19 22
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
289 266 266 248 237 221 208 235
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
175 165 165 159 154 147 140 156
Two or more races 183 171 171 156 148 134 126 140
Hispanic (of any race) 1472 1441 1441 1367 1319 1243 1200 1266
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 6076 5816 5816 5499 5299 4989 4578 5207

Age
15 to 24 years 2318 2307 2307 2287 2229 2183 2187 2237
25 to 44 years 2460 2408 2408 2328 2225 2119 2098 2216
45 to 54 years 1661 1589 1589 1466 1393 1274 1172 1341
55 to 64 years 1450 1389 1389 1263 1199 1066 951 1107
65 years and over 1995 1772 1772 1583 1555 1384 1033 1440

Region
Northeast 1893 1798 1798 1635 1533 1437 1351 1484
Midwest 2092 2010 2010 1921 1859 1711 1585 1796
South 3534 3398 3398 3256 3165 2951 2693 3049
West 2366 2259 2259 2115 2044 1928 1812 2012

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 9736 9319 9319 8781 8457 7882 7297 8192
18 to 24 years 2169 2161 2161 2141 2085 2039 2043 2088
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 452 452 452 452 434 421 421 431
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2455 2320 2320 2111 1996 1772 1541 1857
  High school graduate, no college 2623 2477 2477 2317 2221 2041 1827 2145
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1521 1438 1438 1340 1297 1195 1090 1241
  Bachelor's degree or more 967 923 923 871 858 836 795 862

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6745 6551 6551 6203 5926 5564 5326 5801
Worked at full-time jobs 833 833 833 829 804 776 744 795
  50 to 52 weeks 528 527 527 527 516 485 491 497
Worked at part-time jobs 1402 1387 1387 1342 1300 1233 1192 1268
Did not work 4509 4331 4331 4033 3823 3555 3389 3738

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1745 1580 1580 1086 910 658 596 758
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 180 167 167 142 132 105 104 113
      SSI 1612 1456 1456 966 798 562 501 655
  Food stamps 1954 1795 1795 1578 1405 1039 949 1111
  Housing assistance 1375 1182 1182 949 815 412 412 424
  Energy assistance 775 693 693 602 549 417 354 452
  Food stamps and cash assist 949 871 871 657 544 362 329 395

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 979 953 953 938 930 916 867 933
  Medicare 2818 2398 2398 2043 1984 1727 1323 1885
      Also Medicaid 1226 991 991 654 595 440 355 502
  Medicaid 2894 2658 2658 2175 1850 1513 1384 1732
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3578 3578 3578 3563 3563 3448 3356 3448

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 17 Definition 18
(thousands) (thousands)

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 9538 9494
White alone or in combination 7161 7129
  White alone 7022 6990
      White alone, not Hispanic 5730 5706
Black alone or in combination 1838 1830
  Black alone 1771 1763
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
436 433
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
404 401
  Asian alone or in combination 410 406
      Asian alone 380 376
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
31 31
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
25 25
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
272 271
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
174 174
Two or more races 167 166
Hispanic (of any race) 1430 1423
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5860 5836

Age
15 to 24 years 2351 2347
25 to 44 years 2466 2441
45 to 54 years 1593 1584
55 to 64 years 1340 1333
65 years and over 1789 1789

Region
Northeast 1793 1788
Midwest 2075 2058
South 3435 3415
West 2235 2233

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 9388 9344
18 to 24 years 2200 2197
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 459 459
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2297 2289
  High school graduate, no college 2510 2498
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1441 1430
  Bachelor's degree or more 940 930

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6514 6482
Worked at full-time jobs 881 868
  50 to 52 weeks 611 599
Worked at part-time jobs 1403 1385
Did not work 4229 4229

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1265 1260
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 151 150
      SSI 1142 1139
  Food stamps 1777 1774
  Housing assistance 1211 1208
  Energy assistance 683 683
  Food stamps and cash assist 763 763

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1118 1104
  Medicare 2462 2462
      Also Medicaid 898 898
  Medicaid 2436 2429
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3586 3563

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate
All Unrelated Individuals 48034510 3.746E11 126894440 1.095E12 126032471 1.088E12 125476382

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 48034510 3.746E11 126894440 1.095E12 126032471 1.088E12 125476382
White alone or in combination 36070240 2.813E11 100450644 8.599E11 99650688 8.531E11 99212140
  White alone 35320582 2.757E11 98878223 8.463E11 98120744 8.399E11 97706197
      White alone, not Hispanic 28610805 2.212E11 87230837 7.442E11 86467743 7.38E11 86144564
Black alone or in combination 9052490 6.955E10 21537139 1.922E11 21469415 1.917E11 21384974
  Black alone 8667017 6.644E10 20813513 1.859E11 20748261 1.854E11 20663820
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2537878 2.146E10 3951407 3.438E10 3957650 3.443E10 3928362
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2345983 1.982E10 3725482 3.247E10 3731706 3.251E10 3707906
  Asian alone or in combination 2399431 2.027E10 3728994 3.242E10 3741916 3.252E10 3715718
      Asian alone 2207537 1.863E10 3506150 3.052E10 3519053 3.063E10 3498343
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
168295 1.4426E9 271148 2.3483E9 264489 2.2868E9 257976
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
138447 1.1918E9 219332 1.9457E9 212653 1.8839E9 209563
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1276419 9.1748E9 2875980 2.488E10 2833180 2.449E10 2805368
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
819220 5.9416E9 1599795 1.387E10 1596599 1.386E10 1589940
Two or more races 881707 6.7321E9 1877427 1.628E10 1835161 1.586E10 1808519
Hispanic (of any race) 7363827 5.934E10 12801216 1.119E11 12812576 1.119E11 12720930
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 29321507 2.266E11 88715185 7.571E11 87908946 7.504E11 87561766

Age
15 to 24 years 14485557 1.198E11 15995192 1.346E11 16029197 1.348E11 15821648
25 to 44 years 13689974 1.119E11 18874980 1.654E11 18838169 1.647E11 18660558
45 to 54 years 8119481 6.39E10 16014670 1.469E11 15908740 1.459E11 15837482
55 to 64 years 6147247 4.554E10 18430326 1.689E11 18258926 1.673E11 18202733
65 years and over 5592251 3.35E10 57579272 4.789E11 56997439 4.748E11 56953961

Region
Northeast 8891819 6.976E10 25798267 2.245E11 25698030 2.234E11 25563609
Midwest 10066993 7.689E10 27399933 2.327E11 27260106 2.316E11 27132675
South 16921335 1.302E11 46013974 3.977E11 45436210 3.929E11 45299584
West 12154362 9.776E10 27682266 2.399E11 27638125 2.396E11 27480513

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 46776540 3.629E11 125599005 1.083E12 124737036 1.075E12 124181988
18 to 24 years 13227588 1.081E11 14699757 1.225E11 14733762 1.227E11 14527254
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3007818 2.567E10 3191429 2.775E10 3204580 2.786E10 3186791
25 years and over 33548953 2.548E11 110899248 9.602E11 110003274 9.528E11 109654734
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9173882 6.511E10 33759913 2.963E11 33484270 2.939E11 33425860
  High school graduate, no college 12009523 9.174E10 41534426 3.593E11 41216782 3.57E11 41067112
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7177283 5.588E10 23577130 2.023E11 23485704 2.016E11 23405359
  Bachelor's degree or more 5188265 4.208E10 12027779 1.022E11 11816518 1.002E11 11756403

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 36435567 2.931E11 62956537 5.646E11 62651217 5.614E11 62268022
Worked at full-time jobs 3002598 1.721E10 3597162 2.127E10 3641361 2.157E10 3431188
  50 to 52 weeks 1520496 9.1825E9 1631888 9.9964E9 1656451 1.007E10 1567884
Worked at part-time jobs 5675218 3.546E10 7452632 4.854E10 7468237 4.859E10 7295215
Did not work 27757751 2.405E11 51906744 4.948E11 51541619 4.913E11 51541619

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 3205587 1.343E10 17744199 1.66E11 17711093 1.656E11 17691028
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 765264 5.0757E9 1777517 1.625E10 1771438 1.625E10 1768439
      SSI 2507686 8.6347E9 16386058 1.535E11 16341534 1.53E11 16324468
  Food stamps 6687373 4.381E10 19693340 1.792E11 19605985 1.783E11 19567552
  Housing assistance 4381667 2.875E10 18352640 1.646E11 18212347 1.635E11 18195541
  Energy assistance 2406698 1.52E10 9961845 8.937E10 9884547 8.862E10 9850587
  Food stamps and cash assist 1959628 8.3267E9 9305639 8.743E10 9283366 8.722E10 9280373

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5876388 4.731E10 14156154 1.143E11 13909427 1.123E11 13353338
  Medicare 7042784 3.983E10 72058011 6.165E11 71345292 6.112E11 71307767
      Also Medicaid 1964478 9.336E9 17690058 1.609E11 17624008 1.602E11 17620781
  Medicaid 9230347 6.167E10 32888032 3.009E11 32751723 2.995E11 32706345
Not covered by:
Health insurance 22293836 1.894E11 25176073 2.178E11 25203771 2.179E11 25203771

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 1.084E12 126975647 1.092E12 127113031 1.093E12 126598063 1.089E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 1.084E12 126975647 1.092E12 127113031 1.093E12 126598063 1.089E12
White alone or in combination 8.5E11 100429881 8.571E11 100533545 8.574E11 100130870 8.545E11
  White alone 8.369E11 98899999 8.439E11 99002595 8.442E11 98607940 8.413E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 7.358E11 87070569 7.414E11 87150679 7.417E11 86856720 7.394E11
Black alone or in combination 1.911E11 21596608 1.925E11 21622012 1.926E11 21534449 1.92E11
  Black alone 1.848E11 20867343 1.861E11 20892352 1.862E11 20808424 1.856E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3.415E10 3982408 3.439E10 3989272 3.44E10 3970927 3.43E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3.228E10 3756407 3.25E10 3762802 3.251E10 3746030 3.242E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3.228E10 3763135 3.251E10 3769344 3.252E10 3752359 3.242E10
      Asian alone 3.043E10 3541361 3.063E10 3547319 3.064E10 3531907 3.056E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
2.2238E9 265541 2.2511E9 266196 2.252E9 264727 2.2432E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
1.8481E9 215046 1.867E9 215483 1.8676E9 214122 1.8591E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2.436E10 2848617 2.468E10 2851370 2.47E10 2835526 2.456E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1.383E10 1617564 1.405E10 1619649 1.406E10 1609494 1.398E10
Two or more races 1.573E10 1834334 1.59E10 1835635 1.591E10 1826175 1.583E10
Hispanic (of any race) 1.111E11 13022363 1.126E11 13046291 1.127E11 12934035 1.12E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7.481E11 88508758 7.538E11 88589773 7.541E11 88288888 7.518E11

Age
15 to 24 years 1.334E11 16284197 1.362E11 16311817 1.363E11 16295195 1.362E11
25 to 44 years 1.634E11 19182354 1.663E11 19232732 1.665E11 18957727 1.645E11
45 to 54 years 1.453E11 16062666 1.466E11 16084456 1.467E11 15955897 1.458E11
55 to 64 years 1.67E11 18383430 1.68E11 18403743 1.681E11 18308959 1.674E11
65 years and over 4.745E11 57062999 4.752E11 57080284 4.752E11 57080284 4.752E11

Region
Northeast 2.224E11 25800365 2.237E11 25827132 2.238E11 25750108 2.232E11
Midwest 2.308E11 27478692 2.329E11 27504676 2.33E11 27380030 2.321E11
South 3.92E11 45845154 3.953E11 45898396 3.955E11 45714392 3.941E11
West 2.384E11 27851435 2.405E11 27882828 2.406E11 27753532 2.397E11

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 1.071E12 125669770 1.08E12 125806974 1.081E12 125292006 1.077E12
18 to 24 years 1.213E11 14978321 1.24E11 15005760 1.241E11 14989138 1.24E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2.774E10 3270956 2.832E10 3277930 2.833E10 3277797 2.832E10
25 years and over 9.502E11 110691449 9.562E11 110801214 9.566E11 110302867 9.53E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2.934E11 33711990 2.95E11 33735745 2.951E11 33592921 2.941E11
  High school graduate, no college 3.56E11 41441292 3.581E11 41479823 3.582E11 41300649 3.569E11
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 2.011E11 23648110 2.025E11 23679209 2.026E11 23564692 2.018E11
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.977E10 11890058 1.006E11 11906438 1.008E11 11844606 1.003E11

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 5.587E11 63285641 5.65E11 63382239 5.654E11 62955225 5.622E11
Worked at full-time jobs 2.003E10 3850995 2.246E10 3895863 2.259E10 3718346 2.127E10
  50 to 52 weeks 9.4713E9 1841586 1.06E10 1860938 1.063E10 1775439 1.014E10
Worked at part-time jobs 4.742E10 7893027 5.13E10 7923675 5.141E10 7674178 4.946E10
Did not work 4.913E11 51541619 4.913E11 51562701 4.914E11 51562701 4.914E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1.654E11 17737910 1.658E11 17741063 1.658E11 17714844 1.656E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1.624E10 1785687 1.635E10 1786763 1.636E10 1780540 1.631E10
      SSI 1.528E11 16354118 1.531E11 16356196 1.531E11 16336185 1.529E11
  Food stamps 1.781E11 19721431 1.792E11 19733599 1.792E11 19659924 1.786E11
  Housing assistance 1.635E11 18301831 1.642E11 18309802 1.642E11 18269913 1.639E11
  Energy assistance 8.837E10 9908478 8.878E10 9913737 8.879E10 9885485 8.856E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 8.721E10 9301897 8.739E10 9303215 8.739E10 9292213 8.729E10

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1.083E11 13525669 1.092E11 13556509 1.094E11 13492197 1.09E11
  Medicare 6.109E11 71458008 6.119E11 71480624 6.119E11 71449158 6.117E11
      Also Medicaid 1.602E11 17651293 1.604E11 17656062 1.604E11 17642512 1.603E11
  Medicaid 2.991E11 32887116 3.004E11 32905034 3.004E11 32829458 2.998E11
Not covered by:
Health insurance 2.179E11 26019998 2.224E11 26083514 2.226E11 25765578 2.203E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 126680332 1.089E12 58237361 4.765E11 56776948 4.647E11 56770499
White alone or in combination 100201447 8.546E11 43140521 3.507E11 42090432 3.421E11 42085821
  White alone 98678069 8.415E11 42219268 3.433E11 41188140 3.348E11 41183720
      White alone, not Hispanic 86921615 7.396E11 34198304 2.766E11 33312836 2.693E11 33309184
Black alone or in combination 21543505 1.92E11 11821408 9.858E10 11472750 9.587E10 11471393
  Black alone 20816986 1.856E11 11346136 9.463E10 11006178 9.203E10 11005011
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3971172 3.43E10 2793238 2.372E10 2747270 2.328E10 2746835
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3745999 3.241E10 2598834 2.205E10 2553069 2.162E10 2552684
  Asian alone or in combination 3752796 3.242E10 2645228 2.248E10 2600069 2.204E10 2599634
      Asian alone 3532060 3.056E10 2452075 2.081E10 2407120 2.038E10 2406734
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
264482 2.2413E9 177380 1.5044E9 176367 1.4969E9 176318
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
213938 1.8576E9 146758 1.2416E9 145949 1.2377E9 145949
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2838760 2.457E10 1603213 1.258E10 1566633 1.244E10 1566395
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1612269 1.398E10 975002 7.5967E9 952529 7.5015E9 952291
Two or more races 1827010 1.584E10 1098120 8.937E9 1077032 8.7818E9 1076793
Hispanic (of any race) 12941538 1.12E11 8895369 7.379E10 8732895 7.247E10 8732115
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 88354175 7.52E11 35070555 2.837E11 34168334 2.762E11 34164491

Age
15 to 24 years 16324433 1.362E11 15097963 1.249E11 15053456 1.245E11 15047006
25 to 44 years 18984464 1.646E11 15677828 1.318E11 15466535 1.302E11 15466535
45 to 54 years 15964778 1.458E11 10819958 9.267E10 10520343 9.011E10 10520343
55 to 64 years 18317629 1.674E11 9009710 7.622E10 8707403 7.345E10 8707403
65 years and over 57089030 4.752E11 7631901 5.091E10 7029212 4.652E10 7029212

Region
Northeast 25768367 2.233E11 11423382 9.498E10 11017884 9.117E10 11015891
Midwest 27433006 2.323E11 12104818 9.746E10 11813049 9.505E10 11811431
South 45718505 3.941E11 20244621 1.644E11 19818288 1.613E11 19816885
West 27760454 2.397E11 14464540 1.196E11 14127726 1.172E11 14126292

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 125373894 1.077E12 56966099 4.647E11 55518537 4.53E11 55516196
18 to 24 years 15017995 1.241E11 13826702 1.131E11 13795044 1.127E11 13792703
25 years and over 110355899 9.53E11 43139397 3.516E11 41723492 3.403E11 41723492
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 33606271 2.941E11 13378851 1.079E11 12809527 1.032E11 12809527
  High school graduate, no college 41321638 3.569E11 15048807 1.227E11 14595447 1.194E11 14595447
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 23581555 2.018E11 8751555 7.152E10 8494889 6.939E10 8494889
  Bachelor's degree or more 11846436 1.002E11 5960185 4.941E10 5823630 4.826E10 5823630

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 63010742 5.623E11 44353526 3.767E11 43513159 3.695E11 43513159
Worked at full-time jobs 3745846 2.138E10 3174414 1.793E10 3170874 1.789E10 3170874
  50 to 52 weeks 1789503 1.016E10 1673375 9.3928E9 1668868 9.3351E9 1668868
Worked at part-time jobs 7694878 4.952E10 6307711 3.97E10 6240901 3.924E10 6240901
Did not work 51570018 4.914E11 34871400 3.191E11 34101385 3.124E11 34101385

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 17718456 1.656E11 12553989 1.106E11 11525898 1.005E11 11525898
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1781791 1.632E10 1292459 1.135E10 1219407 1.079E10 1219407
      SSI 16338658 1.53E11 11547368 1.015E11 10547928 9.163E10 10547928
  Food stamps 19669512 1.786E11 11702294 9.675E10 11045566 9.096E10 11045566
  Housing assistance 18272676 1.639E11 8159486 6.721E10 7444357 6.109E10 7444357
  Energy assistance 9889820 8.857E10 4262281 3.434E10 4016981 3.243E10 4016981
  Food stamps and cash assist 9293736 8.73E10 6898999 6.081E10 6359266 5.543E10 6359266

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 13506824 1.09E11 5685954 4.605E10 5614864 4.57E10 5612951
  Medicare 71461737 6.117E11 11178402 7.734E10 9717989 6.557E10 9717989
      Also Medicaid 17643954 1.603E11 5778767 4.354E10 4699327 3.363E10 4699327
  Medicaid 32841172 2.998E11 18224631 1.542E11 17145192 1.443E11 17143497
Not covered by:
Health insurance 25807618 2.204E11 23164028 1.953E11 23164028 1.953E11 23162266

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 4.646E11 47826046 3.736E11 46900533 3.691E11 43538659 3.404E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 4.646E11 47826046 3.736E11 46900533 3.691E11 43538659 3.404E11
White alone or in combination 3.42E11 35985405 2.808E11 35312891 2.774E11 33291698 2.606E11
  White alone 3.347E11 35255958 2.752E11 34599542 2.719E11 32673927 2.559E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 2.692E11 28479646 2.208E11 27963272 2.184E11 26400047 2.054E11
Black alone or in combination 9.584E10 8946480 6.928E10 8732973 6.828E10 7532678 5.775E10
  Black alone 9.201E10 8561038 6.618E10 8352170 6.52E10 7205613 5.527E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2.327E10 2528419 2.128E10 2505806 2.121E10 2390769 2.003E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2.161E10 2338212 1.966E10 2318077 1.96E10 2207058 1.845E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2.204E10 2387005 2.01E10 2371856 2.006E10 2259113 1.888E10
      Asian alone 2.037E10 2198049 1.849E10 2184126 1.845E10 2075402 1.731E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
1.4959E9 167702 1.3968E9 160238 1.3709E9 157078 1.3622E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
1.2377E9 140163 1.1749E9 133951 1.1499E9 131655 1.1462E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1.243E10 1248824 9.1304E9 1213397 8.9922E9 1078347 7.751E9
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
7.4969E9 811672 5.9707E9 790126 5.8635E9 714761 5.1264E9
Two or more races 8.7776E9 859165 6.6175E9 840618 6.5753E9 737301 5.623E9
Hispanic (of any race) 7.245E10 7449912 5.946E10 7285771 5.84E10 6837233 5.442E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 2.761E11 29167732 2.261E11 28635384 2.236E11 26977328 2.098E11

Age
15 to 24 years 1.243E11 14732681 1.21E11 14510944 1.194E11 13900152 1.132E11
25 to 44 years 1.302E11 13757413 1.117E11 13424550 1.101E11 12603763 1.025E11
45 to 54 years 9.011E10 7988271 6.319E10 7777664 6.225E10 7027002 5.564E10
55 to 64 years 7.345E10 6032586 4.51E10 5891187 4.466E10 5257468 3.984E10
65 years and over 4.652E10 5315094 3.273E10 5296187 3.27E10 4750274 2.927E10

Region
Northeast 9.114E10 8821464 6.953E10 8597714 6.836E10 7781691 6.126E10
Midwest 9.502E10 10054866 7.691E10 9861178 7.606E10 9081570 6.961E10
South 1.613E11 16820098 1.298E11 16550326 1.285E11 15442090 1.196E11
West 1.172E11 12129618 9.743E10 11891315 9.625E10 11233308 8.988E10

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 4.53E11 46574050 3.62E11 45667063 3.577E11 42361616 3.298E11
18 to 24 years 1.127E11 13480685 1.094E11 13277474 1.08E11 12723109 1.025E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2.707E10 3092994 2.619E10 3000818 2.544E10 2773345 2.301E10
25 years and over 3.403E11 33093364 2.527E11 32389589 2.497E11 29638507 2.272E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1.032E11 8989402 6.418E10 8728265 6.328E10 7596322 5.425E10
  High school graduate, no college 1.194E11 11849624 9.111E10 11560303 8.96E10 10586728 8.151E10
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 6.939E10 7127253 5.579E10 7006803 5.528E10 6478264 5.098E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 4.826E10 5127084 4.162E10 5094218 4.155E10 4977193 4.048E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 3.695E11 36323975 2.927E11 35511764 2.89E11 33012840 2.667E11
Worked at full-time jobs 1.789E10 3111926 1.736E10 3012021 1.68E10 2771608 1.47E10
  50 to 52 weeks 9.3351E9 1665214 9.3184E9 1633590 9.2055E9 1547526 8.8172E9
Worked at part-time jobs 3.924E10 5865402 3.621E10 5706461 3.529E10 5310353 3.214E10
Did not work 3.124E11 27346648 2.391E11 26793282 2.369E11 24930879 2.198E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1.005E11 2940008 1.294E10 2513200 1.153E10 1550528 6.1566E9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1.079E10 747927 5.0753E9 680939 4.657E9 379375 2.1226E9
      SSI 9.163E10 2249934 8.1283E9 1884362 7.1245E9 1185031 4.0597E9
  Food stamps 9.096E10 6445664 4.322E10 5966778 4.108E10 3849868 2.325E10
  Housing assistance 6.109E10 4119111 2.839E10 3742813 2.647E10 1448481 6.9438E9
  Energy assistance 3.243E10 2312406 1.493E10 2149373 1.414E10 1506925 9.3063E9
  Food stamps and cash assist 5.543E10 1792537 7.9995E9 1518869 7.1252E9 725796 2.5715E9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 4.566E10 5452317 4.414E10 5431142 4.403E10 5346721 4.321E10
  Medicare 6.557E10 6392987 3.804E10 6347359 3.794E10 5499587 3.249E10
      Also Medicaid 3.363E10 1625842 8.5925E9 1580214 8.4848E9 1185824 6.3606E9
  Medicaid 1.443E11 8958754 6.134E10 8033241 5.683E10 6407886 4.514E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 1.953E11 22887093 1.921E11 22887093 1.921E11 21761173 1.799E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 15 Definition 16 Definition 17
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 41333409 3.236E11 44388947 3.439E11 49520320 3.824E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 41333409 3.236E11 44388947 3.439E11 49520320 3.824E11
White alone or in combination 31629132 2.481E11 33944038 2.632E11 37261285 2.873E11
  White alone 31038840 2.437E11 33319257 2.585E11 36493552 2.815E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 24931972 1.946E11 26942836 2.075E11 29468373 2.256E11
Black alone or in combination 7068208 5.411E10 7674778 5.839E10 9262191 7.089E10
  Black alone 6746521 5.167E10 7346894 5.591E10 8871668 6.778E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2310607 1.929E10 2419214 2.014E10 2599898 2.173E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2135332 1.776E10 2232821 1.855E10 2402289 2.007E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2180307 1.815E10 2281080 1.897E10 2454614 2.052E10
      Asian alone 2005033 1.663E10 2095939 1.738E10 2258257 1.886E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
153154 1.3251E9 163760 1.3851E9 175536 1.4641E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
130300 1.1383E9 136882 1.1658E9 144032 1.2092E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1047375 7.5025E9 1113579 7.8959E9 1320526 9.4693E9
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
709035 5.1516E9 744641 5.2623E9 850073 6.1573E9
Two or more races 703680 5.3007E9 745334 5.6419E9 902738 6.8312E9
Hispanic (of any race) 6657564 5.305E10 6961222 5.508E10 7721623 6.111E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 25482384 1.987E11 27526843 2.119E11 30193419 2.31E11

Age
15 to 24 years 13886218 1.131E11 14116033 1.144E11 15027251 1.229E11
25 to 44 years 12418063 1.007E11 12852621 1.034E11 14304548 1.15E11
45 to 54 years 6450706 5.073E10 7201233 5.624E10 8312676 6.479E10
55 to 64 years 4683155 3.442E10 5332293 4.008E10 6251495 4.602E10
65 years and over 3895266 2.468E10 4886767 2.977E10 5624349 3.37E10

Region
Northeast 7243769 5.677E10 7916923 6.182E10 9149609 7.102E10
Midwest 8605734 6.601E10 9306816 7.05E10 10467858 7.894E10
South 14782836 1.154E11 15703902 1.207E11 17363991 1.327E11
West 10701070 8.541E10 11461306 9.083E10 12538862 9.976E10

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 40156398 3.13E11 43184363 3.33E11 48249326 3.706E11
18 to 24 years 12709208 1.025E11 12911448 1.036E11 13756258 1.111E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2774787 2.309E10 2848602 2.355E10 3117244 2.636E10
25 years and over 27447190 2.105E11 30272914 2.295E11 34493068 2.595E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6988618 5.091E10 7799948 5.499E10 9431329 6.625E10
  High school graduate, no college 9551566 7.3E10 10865160 8.256E10 12368281 9.363E10
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 6054310 4.749E10 6574448 5.126E10 7400955 5.702E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 4852696 3.912E10 5033358 4.066E10 5292503 4.258E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 31559931 2.533E11 33635035 2.691E11 37417815 2.987E11
Worked at full-time jobs 2708617 1.454E10 2850796 1.509E10 3475330 1.98E10
  50 to 52 weeks 1657909 1.009E10 1568583 8.8786E9 1888811 1.051E10
Worked at part-time jobs 5121562 3.102E10 5432598 3.274E10 6244194 3.879E10
Did not work 23729752 2.077E11 25351641 2.213E11 27698292 2.401E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1438380 6.2581E9 1799842 6.9742E9 3238569 1.37E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 368146 2.0891E9 424406 2.325E9 784171 5.2489E9
      SSI 1083335 4.1939E9 1390090 4.6762E9 2520487 8.7335E9
  Food stamps 3639648 2.238E10 4055514 2.417E10 6847350 4.486E10
  Housing assistance 1448481 6.9438E9 1533982 7.4519E9 4465327 2.929E10
  Energy assistance 1363085 8.7559E9 1579722 9.6019E9 2459614 1.554E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 658808 2.4653E9 806896 2.8396E9 1979159 8.504E9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5092716 4.06E10 5387972 4.336E10 6117970 4.828E10
  Medicare 4732536 2.982E10 5831013 3.361E10 7081625 4.007E10
      Also Medicaid 1042386 5.8778E9 1297496 6.7048E9 1987441 9.464E9
  Medicaid 6098772 4.389E10 7038420 4.785E10 9397966 6.273E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 20955713 1.718E11 21761173 1.799E11 23192862 1.943E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 18
Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 49054735 3.791E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 49054735 3.791E11
White alone or in combination 36899608 2.848E11
  White alone 36138882 2.791E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 29213738 2.238E11
Black alone or in combination 9182776 7.03E10
  Black alone 8794824 6.72E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2582855 2.164E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2386950 1.999E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2438273 2.044E10
      Asian alone 2243620 1.879E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
174603 1.4579E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
143330 1.2047E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1305016 9.3445E9
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
839524 6.0681E9
Two or more races 894555 6.7764E9
Hispanic (of any race) 7611584 6.041E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 29932871 2.292E11

Age
15 to 24 years 15015852 1.228E11
25 to 44 years 14037881 1.131E11
45 to 54 years 8193752 6.392E10
55 to 64 years 6182901 4.556E10
65 years and over 5624349 3.37E10

Region
Northeast 9082008 7.058E10
Midwest 10360757 7.82E10
South 17191578 1.314E11
West 12420392 9.892E10

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 47783742 3.673E11
18 to 24 years 13744859 1.11E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3117135 2.636E10
25 years and over 34038883 2.563E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9290761 6.53E10
  High school graduate, no college 12204990 9.245E10
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7302494 5.64E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 5240638 4.217E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 37046626 2.959E11
Worked at full-time jobs 3302185 1.857E10
  50 to 52 weeks 1796872 9.9907E9
Worked at part-time jobs 6046149 3.731E10
Did not work 27698292 2.401E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 3231586 1.366E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 780609 5.2229E9
      SSI 2517051 8.7167E9
  Food stamps 6781627 4.436E10
  Housing assistance 4438841 2.91E10
  Energy assistance 2439136 1.538E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 1973951 8.4705E9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6042464 4.778E10
  Medicare 7076775 4.004E10
      Also Medicaid 1984880 9.447E9
  Medicaid 9349808 6.238E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 22888858 1.921E11

Race Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
[an error occurred while processing this directive]