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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 6. Mean and Aggregate Income Deficits and Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2007

    Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
  Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains
Definition 3
Total (thousands) Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 51740 5609 43 8153 27 8165 27

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 51740 5609 43 8153 27 8165 27
White alone or in combination 42553 5599 50 8065 30 8067 30
  White alone 41931 5599 50 8064 30 8066 30
      White alone, not Hispanic 36909 5540 55 8088 32 8089 32
Black alone or in combination 7036 5499 96 8684 64 8731 64
  Black alone 6807 5466 98 8674 66 8723 65
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
1951 6491 213 7798 167 7876 165
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
1811 6531 221 7878 170 7963 168
  Asian alone or in combination 1837 6534 219 7825 171 7911 168
      Asian alone 1720 6555 228 7887 175 7980 172
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
140 5748 824 7407 654 7358 662
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
91 6174 931 7745 742 7687 755
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
919 5220 234 8114 183 8121 184
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
487 5349 296 7944 255 7979 255
Two or more races 704 5643 311 8257 222 8226 224
Hispanic (of any race) 5508 5844 115 7848 93 7870 92
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 37462 5541 54 8090 32 8090 32

Age
15 to 24 years 6856 7054 84 7355 81 7344 81
25 to 44 years 16989 6425 87 7630 79 7645 79
45 to 54 years 8430 5872 106 8790 81 8795 81
55 to 64 years 7386 5073 109 8919 72 8919 73
65 years and over 12080 3314 72 8202 34 8230 34

Region
Northeast 9696 5452 102 8293 61 8293 61
Midwest 11503 5561 92 7903 59 7916 59
South 18162 5444 73 8276 45 8296 46
West 12379 6040 95 8080 62 8091 62

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 51565 5553 43 8140 27 8152 27
18 to 24 years 6681 6897 87 7210 84 7199 84
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 806 7521 190 7888 184 7902 183
25 years and over 44884 5172 48 8285 28 8303 28
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6525 4518 80 8635 48 8647 48
  High school graduate, no college 13876 5287 82 8294 46 8315 46
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11724 5371 110 7999 64 8050 63
  Bachelor's degree or more 12759 6215 140 7918 88 7878 89

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 15404 6310 52 8424 41 8432 41
Worked at full-time jobs 4566 4349 109 4597 104 4652 104
  50 to 52 weeks 23243 3494 143 3590 142 3582 140
Worked at part-time jobs 4087 4925 91 5346 84 5356 84
Did not work 6751 7129 66 9977 32 9986 32

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2117 3201 64 9889 48 9919 46
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 243 5677 267 9091 216 9166 214
      SSI 1923 2872 56 9972 46 9999 44
  Food stamps 2755 4343 84 9204 60 9216 60
  Housing assistance 2697 4073 101 9133 59 9172 59
  Energy assistance 1481 3985 130 9057 84 9054 84
  Food stamps and cash assist 1073 3264 84 10004 61 10031 58

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 24320 5934 130 6864 82 6844 83
  Medicare 13605 3137 58 8488 31 8515 31
      Also Medicaid 2274 2614 80 9559 49 9568 49
  Medicaid 4718 4326 73 9362 44 9368 44
Not covered by:
Health insurance 10585 7157 71 7526 67 7539 67

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 8194 27 8133 27 7959 28 8015 28

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 8194 27 8133 27 7959 28 8015 28
White alone or in combination 8093 30 8030 30 7857 31 7914 31
  White alone 8095 30 8030 30 7859 31 7915 31
      White alone, not Hispanic 8121 32 8054 32 7913 33 7941 33
Black alone or in combination 8771 63 8726 63 8567 66 8619 65
  Black alone 8764 65 8715 64 8551 68 8606 67
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7895 165 7816 162 7519 169 7594 168
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
7991 167 7901 166 7610 173 7659 172
  Asian alone or in combination 7938 168 7881 165 7576 173 7644 172
      Asian alone 8017 171 7954 169 7658 177 7696 177
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
7245 671 6913 653 6760 655 6950 649
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
7589 760 7123 751 6915 756 7110 749
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
8105 188 8160 183 7952 191 8006 189
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
8047 255 8066 249 8033 250 8022 251
Two or more races 8128 234 8220 225 7928 241 8016 237
Hispanic (of any race) 7879 93 7851 90 7484 94 7715 92
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 8120 32 8055 32 7912 33 7941 33

Age
15 to 24 years 7378 81 7297 80 6955 82 6956 82
25 to 44 years 7735 79 7640 77 7293 79 7503 78
45 to 54 years 8819 81 8749 80 8562 84 8671 82
55 to 64 years 8934 73 8916 72 8739 75 8790 75
65 years and over 8235 34 8195 35 8164 35 8164 35

Region
Northeast 8324 61 8277 60 8117 63 8175 62
Midwest 7988 59 7926 59 7790 60 7826 60
South 8296 46 8221 46 8007 48 8085 47
West 8117 62 8070 62 7910 64 7949 63

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 8181 27 8121 27 7945 28 8002 28
18 to 24 years 7229 84 7153 82 6798 85 6799 85
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7942 183 8048 174 7880 179 7883 179
25 years and over 8329 28 8276 28 8136 29 8204 29
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 8677 48 8669 47 8528 50 8624 48
  High school graduate, no college 8335 46 8269 46 8118 48 8189 47
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 8087 63 8019 63 7935 64 7957 64
  Bachelor's degree or more 7891 89 7802 90 7598 93 7676 92

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 8449 41 8409 40 8218 42 8266 42
Worked at full-time jobs 4577 105 4723 99 4452 99 4482 98
  50 to 52 weeks 3700 146 3687 129 3123 119 3380 125
Worked at part-time jobs 5336 85 5414 81 5130 82 5142 82
Did not work 9986 32 9986 32 9940 33 9940 33

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 9923 46 9926 45 9908 47 9915 46
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9222 210 9305 198 9139 215 9279 202
      SSI 9996 44 9989 44 9991 44 9979 45
  Food stamps 9237 60 9241 59 9209 59 9217 59
  Housing assistance 9189 58 9228 56 9161 59 9166 58
  Energy assistance 9088 83 9070 83 8918 89 8939 89
  Food stamps and cash assist 10027 59 10049 57 10011 60 10039 57

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6982 85 6850 84 6702 85 6740 85
  Medicare 8520 31 8491 31 8444 32 8445 32
      Also Medicaid 9566 49 9566 48 9553 49 9546 49
  Medicaid 9383 44 9377 43 9340 44 9333 45
Not covered by:
Health insurance 7539 67 7455 65 7081 67 7250 67

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers
Definition 9
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 7961 28 6187 42 6318 43 6317 43

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 7961 28 6187 42 6318 43 6317 43
White alone or in combination 7860 31 6082 49 6198 49 6197 49
  White alone 7862 31 6081 49 6200 50 6199 50
      White alone, not Hispanic 7902 33 6018 54 6149 55 6148 55
Black alone or in combination 8552 67 6518 97 6711 98 6710 98
  Black alone 8537 68 6497 99 6683 101 6682 101
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
7547 169 6680 204 6709 205 6708 205
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
7643 173 6765 211 6799 212 6798 212
  Asian alone or in combination 7593 173 6754 210 6764 211 6763 211
      Asian alone 7678 177 6831 217 6844 218 6843 218
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
6901 651 5567 774 5781 782 5780 782
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
7109 749 5842 866 6144 874 6144 874
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
7949 191 5918 240 6210 248 6209 248
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
7999 251 6023 305 6360 311 6359 310
Two or more races 7940 240 6220 308 6345 314 6343 314
Hispanic (of any race) 7562 94 6386 111 6429 112 6429 112
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 7902 33 6024 54 6151 54 6150 54

Age
15 to 24 years 6952 82 6879 84 6892 84 6889 84
25 to 44 years 7325 79 6766 85 6798 85 6798 85
45 to 54 years 8577 84 6990 104 7144 105 7144 105
55 to 64 years 8736 76 6526 113 6674 114 6674 114
65 years and over 8151 35 3984 78 4124 82 4124 82

Region
Northeast 8113 63 6301 101 6482 102 6481 102
Midwest 7754 60 6119 92 6191 93 6190 93
South 8020 48 5970 74 6113 75 6113 75
West 7934 63 6487 91 6616 92 6615 92

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 7947 28 6142 43 6273 43 6272 43
18 to 24 years 6795 85 6721 87 6731 87 6730 87
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7890 178 7683 181 7691 181 7688 181
25 years and over 8139 29 5979 49 6136 50 6136 50
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 8527 50 5840 86 5939 88 5939 88
  High school graduate, no college 8127 48 5943 83 6138 85 6138 85
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7925 64 5945 109 6107 111 6107 111
  Bachelor's degree or more 7615 92 6490 135 6671 136 6671 136

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 8197 42 7053 51 7148 51 7148 51
Worked at full-time jobs 4367 97 4290 104 4292 103 4292 103
  50 to 52 weeks 3228 120 3195 121 3189 121 3189 121
Worked at part-time jobs 5036 82 4863 87 4868 88 4868 88
Did not work 9942 33 8342 59 8543 58 8543 58

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 9888 48 7907 95 7935 96 7935 96
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 9120 217 7869 296 7770 315 7770 315
      SSI 9971 45 7887 99 7908 100 7908 100
  Food stamps 9210 59 6537 96 6719 97 6719 97
  Housing assistance 9151 59 6345 114 6732 118 6732 118
  Energy assistance 8913 89 5789 152 6062 158 6062 158
  Food stamps and cash assist 10003 61 8065 125 7994 129 7994 129

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6709 85 5832 133 5914 135 5912 135
  Medicare 8432 32 4172 68 4285 73 4285 73
      Also Medicaid 9547 49 5089 115 5114 120 5114 120
  Medicaid 9323 45 6834 79 7005 80 7004 80
Not covered by:
Health insurance 7095 67 6863 70 6863 70 6863 70

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 5681 43 5730 44 5658 46 5778 47

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 5681 43 5730 44 5658 46 5778 47
White alone or in combination 5634 50 5677 51 5644 52 5773 54
  White alone 5637 50 5679 51 5651 53 5780 55
      White alone, not Hispanic 5591 55 5638 57 5607 58 5761 60
Black alone or in combination 5706 99 5741 102 5490 106 5579 110
  Black alone 5665 101 5703 104 5460 108 5547 112
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
6481 212 6716 214 6684 216 6675 219
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6564 220 6805 222 6780 223 6770 226
  Asian alone or in combination 6530 219 6778 220 6712 221 6694 225
      Asian alone 6601 227 6880 228 6818 229 6797 231
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
5614 776 5631 820 5969 866 5996 877
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
6038 875 5808 910 6237 962 6389 977
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
5416 243 5454 251 5238 254 5474 257
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
5626 304 5661 312 5410 311 5625 318
Two or more races 5684 320 5747 330 5509 339 5683 342
Hispanic (of any race) 5807 113 5839 115 5807 118 5815 120
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5590 55 5638 56 5600 57 5754 60

Age
15 to 24 years 6799 84 6810 85 6704 86 6709 86
25 to 44 years 6325 86 6422 88 6260 90 6248 91
45 to 54 years 5963 108 6030 111 5945 115 5830 119
55 to 64 years 5199 112 5285 116 5196 122 5048 124
65 years and over 3523 79 3548 80 3504 84 3794 101

Region
Northeast 5727 105 5878 108 5734 112 5702 115
Midwest 5560 93 5569 95 5493 98 5569 101
South 5463 74 5463 75 5420 78 5652 81
West 6100 95 6199 97 6131 98 6221 100

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 5625 43 5674 45 5603 46 5721 47
18 to 24 years 6635 87 6646 88 6554 89 6559 89
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7528 184 7505 188 7210 191 7214 192
25 years and over 5307 50 5363 51 5285 53 5410 55
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4685 83 4727 86 4591 90 4816 98
  High school graduate, no college 5390 84 5460 86 5369 89 5382 93
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 5532 112 5554 114 5466 118 5556 122
  Bachelor's degree or more 6252 141 6332 143 6335 144 6468 143

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6359 52 6447 54 6354 55 6302 56
Worked at full-time jobs 4250 103 4188 104 4006 101 4059 104
  50 to 52 weeks 3187 121 3185 123 3118 126 3293 134
Worked at part-time jobs 4721 88 4694 89 4565 90 4543 91
Did not work 7419 66 7618 68 7602 70 7517 71

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 3346 72 3324 82 2943 83 2984 95
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 5917 277 5924 294 4415 294 4517 301
      SSI 2975 63 2928 72 2676 78 2708 92
  Food stamps 4666 91 4660 98 4047 99 4161 105
  Housing assistance 4682 118 4779 130 3641 122 3641 122
  Energy assistance 4248 140 4267 149 3850 157 4007 177
  Food stamps and cash assist 3419 94 3331 108 2619 100 2614 110

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5850 136 5862 136 5883 137 5972 138
  Medicare 3375 67 3407 69 3350 72 3645 88
      Also Medicaid 2863 103 2931 110 2950 128 3036 147
  Medicaid 4666 79 4748 88 4667 97 4769 103
Not covered by:
Health insurance 6815 70 6815 70 6617 70 6550 71

 

  Mean Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 16
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 17
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 18
Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error Mean deficit Standard error
All Unrelated Individuals 5508 44 5437 42 5448 42

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 5508 44 5437 42 5448 42
White alone or in combination 5507 51 5398 48 5415 48
  White alone 5514 51 5395 48 5413 49
      White alone, not Hispanic 5455 56 5370 53 5366 53
Black alone or in combination 5307 103 5431 95 5417 95
  Black alone 5278 105 5398 96 5384 97
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
6463 214 6307 207 6350 208
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
6554 221 6355 215 6407 216
  Asian alone or in combination 6509 220 6379 213 6406 214
      Asian alone 6588 228 6418 222 6453 223
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
5646 810 5356 755 5540 763
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
6075 918 5526 856 5779 866
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
5070 244 5170 229 5141 229
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
5245 298 5369 289 5312 289
Two or more races 5332 331 5554 304 5548 305
Hispanic (of any race) 5758 116 5502 110 5598 111
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 5448 56 5374 53 5370 53

Age
15 to 24 years 6636 85 6733 83 6738 83
25 to 44 years 6100 88 6052 83 6118 84
45 to 54 years 5618 112 5666 103 5672 104
55 to 64 years 4988 118 4992 107 4973 107
65 years and over 3461 81 3306 72 3306 72

Region
Northeast 5572 109 5308 99 5306 99
Midwest 5342 95 5376 89 5345 89
South 5278 76 5267 71 5289 72
West 5977 96 5865 92 5914 92

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 5453 45 5383 42 5393 42
18 to 24 years 6485 88 6574 86 6577 86
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 7126 190 7442 184 7445 184
25 years and over 5118 51 5033 47 5042 47
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4454 87 4455 78 4467 79
  High school graduate, no college 5180 86 5110 80 5112 80
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 5325 115 5286 106 5258 107
  Bachelor's degree or more 6139 142 5856 137 5933 137

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6137 54 6208 51 6192 51
Worked at full-time jobs 4015 99 4332 101 4258 101
  50 to 52 weeks 3089 123 2880 107 2988 110
Worked at part-time jobs 4575 88 4794 86 4722 86
Did not work 7185 70 7139 66 7139 66

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2812 76 3233 65 3231 65
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 4492 272 5839 265 5828 265
      SSI 2549 71 2890 56 2890 56
  Food stamps 3867 94 4407 84 4377 84
  Housing assistance 3501 121 4130 101 4112 101
  Energy assistance 3643 147 3949 128 3929 128
  Food stamps and cash assist 2489 94 3297 85 3296 84

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5821 136 5312 121 5378 122
  Medicare 3214 67 3137 58 3137 58
      Also Medicaid 2762 114 2638 80 2636 80
  Medicaid 4357 87 4383 73 4369 73
Not covered by:
Health insurance 6617 70 6783 70 6815 70

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7 Definition 8
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)
All Unrelated Individuals 10189 17527 17379 17234 17587 18004 17809 17953

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 10189 17527 17379 17234 17587 18004 17809 17953
White alone or in combination 7664 14042 13927 13816 14106 14445 14286 14402
  White alone 7505 13824 13714 13602 13893 14221 14066 14181
      White alone, not Hispanic 6155 12152 12044 11946 12186 12424 12341 12417
Black alone or in combination 1968 2773 2748 2724 2767 2823 2795 2819
  Black alone 1898 2684 2658 2634 2677 2733 2704 2728
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
454 574 569 563 578 602 594 598
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
417 535 530 524 538 561 555 556
  Asian alone or in combination 426 540 535 529 541 564 557 561
      Asian alone 391 503 498 493 504 525 520 521
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
35 42 41 41 44 46 44 44
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
26 32 31 31 35 36 35 35
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
295 400 393 390 394 405 400 403
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
184 228 226 223 227 228 227 228
Two or more races 185 256 251 251 251 261 257 260
Hispanic (of any race) 1490 1848 1844 1828 1881 1979 1904 1945
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 6305 12356 12243 12146 12386 12632 12545 12623

Age
15 to 24 years 2366 2493 2502 2457 2560 2694 2691 2700
25 to 44 years 2489 2819 2808 2745 2863 3011 2887 2965
45 to 54 years 1642 2041 2027 2011 2058 2108 2066 2090
55 to 64 years 1474 2312 2291 2280 2308 2359 2334 2350
65 years and over 2218 7861 7751 7741 7797 7832 7832 7847

Region
Northeast 1945 3492 3479 3447 3502 3577 3541 3574
Midwest 2162 3918 3891 3834 3917 3992 3956 4003
South 3718 6253 6158 6139 6275 6456 6369 6424
West 2364 3863 3851 3815 3892 3979 3943 3952

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 10040 17377 17230 17086 17435 17853 17658 17802
18 to 24 years 2216 2343 2352 2309 2409 2543 2540 2549
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 456 459 460 455 461 472 472 472
25 years and over 7824 15034 14877 14777 15026 15310 15118 15252
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2523 4370 4328 4304 4346 4422 4355 4408
  High school graduate, no college 2728 5622 5564 5528 5629 5743 5670 5718
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1596 3324 3289 3260 3326 3369 3343 3360
  Bachelor's degree or more 977 1718 1698 1685 1726 1776 1750 1766

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6767 8418 8370 8299 8480 8698 8593 8678
Worked at full-time jobs 872 978 976 938 1014 1092 1043 1081
  50 to 52 weeks 579 601 612 555 657 789 700 743
Worked at part-time jobs 1416 1686 1686 1653 1759 1868 1812 1859
Did not work 4479 5754 5708 5708 5708 5738 5738 5738

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1391 1982 1972 1969 1973 1977 1973 1979
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 161 218 216 214 214 218 214 218
      SSI 1266 1814 1803 1802 1807 1807 1807 1808
  Food stamps 1942 2381 2367 2357 2375 2385 2374 2377
  Housing assistance 1372 2234 2207 2200 2203 2221 2215 2219
  Energy assistance 774 1225 1215 1206 1216 1238 1232 1236
  Food stamps and cash assist 833 1027 1021 1021 1021 1025 1021 1025

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1165 2373 2339 2193 2270 2329 2305 2319
  Medicare 3034 9486 9358 9348 9403 9461 9456 9475
      Also Medicaid 1100 2046 2036 2036 2040 2043 2043 2043
  Medicaid 2689 3901 3882 3870 3894 3913 3907 3913
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3579 3820 3817 3817 3993 4220 4074 4175

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 16
(thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands)

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 11001 10477 10477 9992 9691 9125 8454 9589
White alone or in combination 8310 7938 7938 7588 7373 6994 6473 7333
  White alone 8135 7766 7766 7431 7222 6855 6344 7187
      White alone, not Hispanic 6668 6340 6340 6058 5885 5589 5116 5885
Black alone or in combination 2104 1976 1976 1862 1801 1637 1507 1732
  Black alone 2026 1905 1905 1797 1736 1575 1448 1668
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
484 474 474 453 431 414 400 435
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
444 434 434 414 394 377 365 395
  Asian alone or in combination 452 444 444 424 404 389 377 407
      Asian alone 414 406 406 386 366 352 341 369
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
38 36 36 36 34 31 30 35
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
30 28 28 28 28 25 24 26
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
319 295 295 276 267 249 230 267
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
191 175 175 172 167 159 151 172
Two or more races 206 197 197 179 173 159 147 167
Hispanic (of any race) 1621 1580 1580 1518 1474 1391 1352 1429
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 6830 6499 6499 6206 6026 5719 5236 6021

Age
15 to 24 years 2532 2519 2519 2503 2460 2400 2396 2465
25 to 44 years 2682 2630 2630 2545 2439 2356 2328 2476
45 to 54 years 1783 1694 1694 1586 1522 1398 1310 1523
55 to 64 years 1604 1513 1513 1408 1345 1224 1125 1300
65 years and over 2400 2120 2120 1950 1925 1747 1295 1826

Region
Northeast 2109 1972 1972 1823 1722 1605 1505 1686
Midwest 2318 2233 2233 2156 2107 1970 1837 2084
South 3984 3798 3798 3679 3615 3402 3099 3563
West 2591 2474 2474 2334 2247 2148 2013 2255

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 10851 10329 10329 9844 9545 8979 8308 9439
18 to 24 years 2381 2371 2371 2355 2314 2254 2251 2314
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 470 470 470 469 456 442 442 459
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2701 2539 2539 2365 2268 2041 1772 2170
  High school graduate, no college 2972 2781 2781 2630 2525 2358 2120 2520
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1730 1628 1628 1534 1499 1410 1293 1474
  Bachelor's degree or more 1066 1010 1010 959 939 917 873 960

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 7238 6997 6997 6686 6427 6075 5859 6433
Worked at full-time jobs 937 936 936 930 915 890 855 913
  50 to 52 weeks 708 708 708 707 694 673 671 690
Worked at part-time jobs 1591 1573 1573 1534 1500 1442 1400 1473
Did not work 4710 4489 4489 4222 4012 3742 3604 4047

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1798 1644 1644 1204 1033 755 686 917
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 187 178 178 150 136 109 104 119
      SSI 1659 1510 1510 1083 921 659 591 812
  Food stamps 2081 1905 1905 1718 1585 1217 1111 1349
  Housing assistance 1497 1278 1278 1087 958 518 518 570
  Energy assistance 869 777 777 688 635 505 434 565
  Food stamps and cash assist 967 900 900 716 623 421 382 492

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1147 1115 1115 1097 1090 1069 1002 1090
  Medicare 3345 2821 2821 2506 2451 2165 1668 2413
      Also Medicaid 1369 1109 1109 806 751 558 468 661
  Medicaid 3078 2818 2818 2385 2084 1699 1573 2019
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3894 3894 3894 3879 3879 3812 3714 3812

 

  Number of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 17 Definition 18
(thousands) (thousands)

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 10868 10752
White alone or in combination 8239 8141
  White alone 8074 7978
      White alone, not Hispanic 6561 6515
Black alone or in combination 2041 2030
  Black alone 1969 1958
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
481 475
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
441 434
  Asian alone or in combination 448 443
      Asian alone 410 405
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
39 38
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
31 29
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
309 307
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
191 191
Two or more races 193 191
Hispanic (of any race) 1665 1616
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 6717 6669

Age
15 to 24 years 2581 2577
25 to 44 years 2775 2698
45 to 54 years 1747 1722
55 to 64 years 1527 1517
65 years and over 2238 2238

Region
Northeast 2063 2050
Midwest 2334 2325
South 3953 3901
West 2519 2477

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 10715 10600
18 to 24 years 2428 2425
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 479 479
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2629 2589
  High school graduate, no college 2916 2880
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1678 1667
  Bachelor's degree or more 1063 1040

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 7073 7027
Worked at full-time jobs 1010 984
  50 to 52 weeks 896 827
Worked at part-time jobs 1601 1580
Did not work 4463 4463

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1388 1386
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 160 160
      SSI 1263 1262
  Food stamps 1955 1953
  Housing assistance 1375 1374
  Energy assistance 798 797
  Food stamps and cash assist 830 828

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1372 1339
  Medicare 3048 3047
      Also Medicaid 1100 1100
  Medicaid 2696 2693
Not covered by:
Health insurance 3946 3879

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate
All Unrelated Individuals 57150880 4.745E11 142888598 1.345E12 141899381 1.336E12 141210207

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 57150880 4.745E11 142888598 1.345E12 141899381 1.336E12 141210207
White alone or in combination 42911672 3.564E11 113245414 1.057E12 112346333 1.049E12 111806938
  White alone 42021153 3.491E11 111472646 1.041E12 110620579 1.033E12 110105380
      White alone, not Hispanic 34094697 2.807E11 98282425 9.154E11 97426752 9.076E11 97017802
Black alone or in combination 10824304 8.841E10 24084213 2.348E11 23994881 2.341E11 23888290
  Black alone 10375497 8.45E10 23276376 2.27E11 23189515 2.264E11 23082924
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2946699 2.667E10 4477506 4.228E10 4479039 4.233E10 4443960
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2723207 2.464E10 4217386 3.99E10 4218900 3.995E10 4189595
  Asian alone or in combination 2783381 2.519E10 4223172 3.986E10 4232075 3.999E10 4200085
      Asian alone 2561265 2.316E10 3967969 3.751E10 3976853 3.764E10 3950638
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
198560 1.7929E9 310062 2.8993E9 302712 2.8243E9 295913
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
161942 1.4795E9 249417 2.3911E9 242047 2.3158E9 238957
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1539864 1.186E10 3244177 3.064E10 3195038 3.016E10 3162732
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
985107 7.6665E9 1809633 1.709E10 1804632 1.708E10 1793676
Two or more races 1045916 8.5706E9 2112557 2.004E10 2065756 1.954E10 2038631
Hispanic (of any race) 8709398 7.467E10 14505354 1.375E11 14513617 1.375E11 14406225
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 34937743 2.876E11 99954224 9.312E11 99050871 9.229E11 98617723

Age
15 to 24 years 16687646 1.497E11 18333704 1.676E11 18374661 1.678E11 18126865
25 to 44 years 15995024 1.404E11 21510511 2.042E11 21470278 2.034E11 21233296
45 to 54 years 9639013 8.094E10 17945564 1.795E11 17825231 1.783E11 17736882
55 to 64 years 7478240 5.86E10 20625143 2.065E11 20433148 2.045E11 20366747
65 years and over 7350956 4.49E10 64473677 5.87E11 63796064 5.818E11 63746417

Region
Northeast 10604643 8.821E10 28962759 2.75E11 28853034 2.737E11 28690765
Midwest 12023972 9.789E10 30967586 2.868E11 30804163 2.854E11 30626487
South 20243571 1.655E11 51747205 4.883E11 51084463 4.824E11 50927536
West 14278694 1.229E11 31211049 2.947E11 31157721 2.943E11 30965418

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 55749810 4.603E11 141449501 1.33E12 140460284 1.321E12 139773363
18 to 24 years 15286576 1.355E11 16894606 1.528E11 16935563 1.531E11 16690021
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3433317 3.185E10 3620990 3.429E10 3633787 3.443E10 3610597
25 years and over 40463234 3.248E11 124554895 1.177E12 123524721 1.168E12 123083342
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11400381 8.448E10 37733886 3.619E11 37420790 3.589E11 37342067
  High school graduate, no college 14424557 1.167E11 46629135 4.404E11 46258199 4.375E11 46077356
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 8569573 7.079E10 26590526 2.487E11 26472817 2.478E11 26364417
  Bachelor's degree or more 6068722 5.28E10 13601347 1.261E11 13372914 1.237E11 13299503

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 42697057 3.691E11 70915201 6.932E11 70569486 6.894E11 70114079
Worked at full-time jobs 3790343 2.371E10 4496249 2.903E10 4540116 2.941E10 4293623
  50 to 52 weeks 2022925 1.256E10 2159039 1.361E10 2192925 1.374E10 2054727
Worked at part-time jobs 6973237 4.758E10 9011200 6.433E10 9028443 6.441E10 8819529
Did not work 31933477 2.978E11 57407752 5.998E11 57000926 5.955E11 57000926

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 4452792 2.069E10 19603273 2.011E11 19560598 2.007E11 19536970
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 914749 6.6852E9 1984783 1.984E10 1976298 1.982E10 1971241
      SSI 3637079 1.444E10 18084333 1.859E11 18030030 1.853E11 18011458
  Food stamps 8435261 5.821E10 21918187 2.183E11 21817416 2.173E11 21769099
  Housing assistance 5589162 3.816E10 20405882 2.004E11 20239605 1.991E11 20216542
  Energy assistance 3086453 2.039E10 11090343 1.089E11 11004388 1.08E11 10960788
  Food stamps and cash assist 2718151 1.277E10 10272064 1.059E11 10244480 1.056E11 10240881

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 6914946 5.946E10 16284874 1.425E11 16005114 1.399E11 15315940
  Medicare 9516403 5.484E10 80515578 7.541E11 79689608 7.474E11 79645767
      Also Medicaid 2876191 1.379E10 19558711 1.951E11 19483326 1.943E11 19480099
  Medicaid 11632950 8.15E10 36524607 3.66E11 36370098 3.643E11 36313325
Not covered by:
Health insurance 25613983 2.353E11 28748924 2.695E11 28775203 2.696E11 28775203

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 1.331E12 143034837 1.343E12 143301241 1.344E12 142745034 1.339E12

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 1.331E12 143034837 1.343E12 143301241 1.344E12 142745034 1.339E12
White alone or in combination 1.045E12 113280186 1.055E12 113492134 1.055E12 113062467 1.052E12
  White alone 1.029E12 111552993 1.039E12 111762598 1.039E12 111341104 1.035E12
      White alone, not Hispanic 9.047E11 98142505 9.123E11 98311908 9.128E11 97997303 9.1E11
Black alone or in combination 2.334E11 24147330 2.352E11 24186347 2.354E11 24086505 2.346E11
  Black alone 2.256E11 23332795 2.273E11 23371335 2.275E11 23275127 2.267E11
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
4.199E10 4514560 4.236E10 4528016 4.239E10 4508387 4.225E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
3.966E10 4253771 4E10 4266600 4.002E10 4248768 3.99E10
  Asian alone or in combination 3.969E10 4261168 4.002E10 4273214 4.005E10 4255207 3.992E10
      Asian alone 3.739E10 4006747 3.769E10 4018384 3.772E10 4002174 3.76E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
2.7485E9 306479 2.7932E9 307890 2.7964E9 306046 2.7844E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
2.274E9 247024 2.3058E9 248216 2.3083E9 246594 2.2968E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
2.997E10 3214388 3.039E10 3219099 3.041E10 3202347 3.025E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1.703E10 1828210 1.731E10 1831066 1.732E10 1820116 1.722E10
Two or more races 1.935E10 2067068 1.958E10 2069643 1.959E10 2059918 1.949E10
Hispanic (of any race) 1.366E11 14768022 1.388E11 14810403 1.389E11 14691654 1.379E11
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 9.199E11 99764864 9.276E11 99936284 9.281E11 99614600 9.252E11

Age
15 to 24 years 1.66E11 18684121 1.698E11 18739408 1.699E11 18719653 1.698E11
25 to 44 years 2.017E11 21871967 2.058E11 21962138 2.061E11 21662873 2.035E11
45 to 54 years 1.776E11 18007486 1.794E11 18046971 1.795E11 17910589 1.783E11
55 to 64 years 2.04E11 20574309 2.055E11 20611784 2.056E11 20510977 2.047E11
65 years and over 5.814E11 63896954 5.823E11 63940941 5.824E11 63940941 5.824E11

Region
Northeast 2.724E11 28985408 2.742E11 29035110 2.744E11 28952436 2.737E11
Midwest 2.843E11 31045843 2.872E11 31098606 2.873E11 30960704 2.862E11
South 4.812E11 51589666 4.856E11 51692033 4.86E11 51493428 4.842E11
West 2.928E11 31413920 2.957E11 31475493 2.959E11 31338466 2.947E11

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 1.316E12 141585218 1.328E12 141851101 1.329E12 141294893 1.324E12
18 to 24 years 1.512E11 17234503 1.549E11 17289267 1.551E11 17269513 1.549E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3.427E10 3711498 3.502E10 3719365 3.505E10 3719018 3.505E10
25 years and over 1.165E12 124350716 1.173E12 124561833 1.174E12 124025381 1.169E12
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3.583E11 37674716 3.605E11 37711101 3.606E11 37561684 3.593E11
  High school graduate, no college 4.361E11 46541243 4.391E11 46622947 4.393E11 46429340 4.376E11
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 2.471E11 26670530 2.491E11 26729308 2.493E11 26602028 2.482E11
  Bachelor's degree or more 1.231E11 13464227 1.243E11 13498477 1.244E11 13432329 1.238E11

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 6.859E11 71310215 6.943E11 71481768 6.95E11 71027585 6.909E11
Worked at full-time jobs 2.743E10 4787801 3.075E10 4861115 3.099E10 4673174 2.932E10
  50 to 52 weeks 1.293E10 2422233 1.468E10 2464918 1.476E10 2365349 1.41E10
Worked at part-time jobs 6.287E10 9521488 6.802E10 9581397 6.821E10 9315156 6.576E10
Did not work 5.955E11 57000926 5.955E11 57039256 5.958E11 57039256 5.958E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2.004E11 19588870 2.009E11 19593103 2.009E11 19565930 2.007E11
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1.98E10 1988918 1.995E10 1990171 1.995E10 1983442 1.99E10
      SSI 1.851E11 18045699 1.854E11 18048736 1.854E11 18028276 1.852E11
  Food stamps 2.169E11 21943381 2.183E11 21959671 2.184E11 21882977 2.176E11
  Housing assistance 1.99E11 20333336 1.999E11 20344143 2E11 20303921 1.996E11
  Energy assistance 1.077E11 11025983 1.082E11 11037943 1.083E11 11008120 1.08E11
  Food stamps and cash assist 1.056E11 10263161 1.058E11 10264810 1.058E11 10253303 1.057E11

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 1.348E11 15549370 1.361E11 15611488 1.363E11 15535096 1.358E11
  Medicare 7.47E11 79835863 7.483E11 79894958 7.485E11 79862909 7.481E11
      Also Medicaid 1.942E11 19513493 1.945E11 19521559 1.945E11 19507919 1.944E11
  Medicaid 3.638E11 36516038 3.654E11 36542981 3.655E11 36464622 3.648E11
Not covered by:
Health insurance 2.696E11 29766443 2.759E11 29877620 2.762E11 29535660 2.733E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 142912278 1.339E12 68060067 5.964E11 66187682 5.815E11 66180969
White alone or in combination 113208235 1.052E12 50539654 4.397E11 49196683 4.289E11 49191810
  White alone 111485729 1.036E12 49464207 4.303E11 48146083 4.197E11 48141400
      White alone, not Hispanic 98125468 9.103E11 40126433 3.471E11 38982143 3.379E11 38978228
Black alone or in combination 24103384 2.346E11 13711476 1.228E11 13261355 1.194E11 13259997
  Black alone 23291454 2.267E11 13163687 1.179E11 12727685 1.146E11 12726519
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
4510859 4.225E10 3231238 2.944E10 3177516 2.891E10 3177082
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
4250378 3.99E10 3003535 2.736E10 2950017 2.684E10 2949631
  Asian alone or in combination 4257729 3.992E10 3054522 2.788E10 3002199 2.736E10 3001765
      Asian alone 4003826 3.76E10 2829751 2.581E10 2777632 2.529E10 2777246
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
305950 2.7823E9 211888 1.8769E9 210285 1.8672E9 210236
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
246552 2.2952E9 173784 1.5489E9 172385 1.543E9 172385
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
3206556 3.026E10 1888810 1.591E10 1831049 1.568E10 1830811
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1823263 1.723E10 1147503 9.6251E9 1115155 9.4776E9 1114917
Two or more races 2061454 1.95E10 1281135 1.121E10 1248742 1.1E10 1248502
Hispanic (of any race) 14711167 1.379E11 10354510 9.213E10 10159684 9.048E10 10158903
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 99743852 9.256E11 41140536 3.56E11 39975739 3.466E11 39971634

Age
15 to 24 years 18772127 1.699E11 17416608 1.561E11 17361054 1.556E11 17354341
25 to 44 years 21719830 2.037E11 18144424 1.642E11 17881795 1.622E11 17881795
45 to 54 years 17928209 1.783E11 12464638 1.15E11 12099642 1.118E11 12099642
55 to 64 years 20529845 2.047E11 10470657 9.492E10 10100767 9.15E10 10100767
65 years and over 63962267 5.824E11 9563740 6.609E10 8744424 6.044E10 8744424

Region
Northeast 28992891 2.738E11 13291434 1.183E11 12780909 1.137E11 12778916
Midwest 31041915 2.865E11 14183055 1.225E11 13821950 1.194E11 13820213
South 51525708 4.842E11 23780414 2.063E11 23217137 2.022E11 23215733
West 31351765 2.947E11 16805164 1.493E11 16367685 1.462E11 16366107

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 141461595 1.324E12 66645068 5.82E11 64788448 5.673E11 64785844
18 to 24 years 17321444 1.551E11 16001609 1.417E11 15961819 1.413E11 15959216
25 years and over 124140151 1.169E12 50643459 4.403E11 48826628 4.26E11 48826628
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37591466 3.593E11 15773169 1.354E11 15077171 1.294E11 15077171
  High school graduate, no college 46472060 4.377E11 17664992 1.537E11 17068553 1.494E11 17068553
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 26629778 2.483E11 10284938 8.956E10 9942482 8.687E10 9942482
  Bachelor's degree or more 13446847 1.238E11 6920360 6.167E10 6738422 6.023E10 6738422

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 71131470 6.912E11 51048549 4.683E11 50015879 4.593E11 50015879
Worked at full-time jobs 4719916 2.95E10 4019916 2.483E10 4016056 2.478E10 4016056
  50 to 52 weeks 2399769 1.416E10 2260869 1.315E10 2256234 1.308E10 2256234
Worked at part-time jobs 9359850 6.587E10 7739935 5.318E10 7655370 5.256E10 7655370
Did not work 57051703 5.958E11 39288697 3.903E11 38344453 3.82E11 38344453

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 19571686 2.007E11 14219940 1.359E11 13045410 1.238E11 13045410
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1986134 1.991E10 1467812 1.399E10 1384638 1.329E10 1384638
      SSI 18031453 1.852E11 13081875 1.248E11 11943421 1.129E11 11943421
  Food stamps 21895976 2.177E11 13605451 1.208E11 12798468 1.136E11 12798468
  Housing assistance 20308099 1.996E11 9500493 8.385E10 8604109 7.625E10 8604109
  Energy assistance 11016309 1.08E11 5030210 4.313E10 4711777 4.07E10 4711777
  Food stamps and cash assist 10256266 1.057E11 7799851 7.473E10 7193087 6.829E10 7193087

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 15561741 1.358E11 6691336 5.78E10 6596601 5.73E10 6594688
  Medicare 79891726 7.482E11 13958072 1.003E11 12085687 8.544E10 12085687
      Also Medicaid 19509915 1.944E11 6965605 5.53E10 5670322 4.318E10 5670322
  Medicaid 36480240 3.648E11 21034596 1.914E11 19739314 1.793E11 19737619
Not covered by:
Health insurance 29623125 2.735E11 26725342 2.431E11 26725342 2.431E11 26723580

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13 Definition 14
Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 5.814E11 56764237 4.731E11 55530609 4.665E11 51631361 4.309E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 5.814E11 56764237 4.731E11 55530609 4.665E11 51631361 4.309E11
White alone or in combination 4.288E11 42751047 3.557E11 41861572 3.508E11 39476818 3.298E11
  White alone 4.196E11 41884505 3.486E11 41015950 3.438E11 38738697 3.238E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 3.378E11 33875078 2.8E11 33180208 2.765E11 31341441 2.603E11
Black alone or in combination 1.193E11 10624748 8.786E10 10340822 8.639E10 8985548 7.343E10
  Black alone 1.145E11 10177843 8.397E10 9898743 8.251E10 8601804 7.028E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2.89E10 2938611 2.648E10 2898102 2.635E10 2767903 2.494E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2.683E10 2715105 2.447E10 2678915 2.436E10 2552986 2.299E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2.735E10 2769616 2.5E10 2738369 2.492E10 2613424 2.352E10
      Asian alone 2.529E10 2549042 2.3E10 2519182 2.292E10 2398507 2.156E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
1.8661E9 201085 1.75E9 191822 1.7079E9 185452 1.6899E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
1.543E9 166064 1.4686E9 159733 1.4315E9 154479 1.4203E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1.567E10 1497175 1.175E10 1453901 1.154E10 1302167 1.002E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
9.4725E9 970432 7.6751E9 944206 7.5223E9 861406 6.6337E9
Two or more races 1.1E10 1016352 8.4083E9 992796 8.3254E9 876468 7.1635E9
Hispanic (of any race) 9.046E10 8814638 7.5E10 8607844 7.358E10 8077846 6.866E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 3.466E11 34691280 2.867E11 33975615 2.831E11 32030270 2.659E11

Age
15 to 24 years 1.554E11 17020684 1.514E11 16750308 1.495E11 16090375 1.419E11
25 to 44 years 1.622E11 16095810 1.403E11 15661810 1.38E11 14749808 1.287E11
45 to 54 years 1.118E11 9458440 7.994E10 9180891 7.853E10 8308868 7.036E10
55 to 64 years 9.15E10 7317947 5.79E10 7108334 5.713E10 6359973 5.098E10
65 years and over 6.044E10 6871356 4.347E10 6829265 4.339E10 6122338 3.885E10

Region
Northeast 1.137E11 10440255 8.779E10 10122073 8.61E10 9204781 7.736E10
Midwest 1.194E11 11989953 9.787E10 11735714 9.659E10 10823594 8.854E10
South 2.022E11 20096432 1.649E11 19745939 1.63E11 18437079 1.518E11
West 1.462E11 14237597 1.226E11 13926881 1.208E11 13165907 1.131E11

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 5.672E11 55371419 4.589E11 54157989 4.526E11 50315337 4.178E11
18 to 24 years 1.413E11 15627866 1.373E11 15377688 1.355E11 14774350 1.289E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3.358E10 3532167 3.256E10 3424564 3.161E10 3186764 2.873E10
25 years and over 4.26E11 39743553 3.217E11 38780301 3.171E11 35540987 2.889E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1.294E11 11081224 8.311E10 10720342 8.161E10 9368432 7.024E10
  High school graduate, no college 1.494E11 14179257 1.157E11 13789723 1.136E11 12656939 1.035E11
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 8.687E10 8487558 7.059E10 8324114 6.981E10 7706916 6.441E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 6.023E10 5995514 5.222E10 5946122 5.206E10 5808699 5.076E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 4.593E11 42516900 3.684E11 41435938 3.629E11 38599525 3.354E11
Worked at full-time jobs 2.478E10 3952134 2.414E10 3831445 2.336E10 3566253 2.078E10
  50 to 52 weeks 1.308E10 2251745 1.306E10 2210579 1.288E10 2097037 1.229E10
Worked at part-time jobs 5.256E10 7242366 4.878E10 7043675 4.752E10 6584588 4.354E10
Did not work 3.82E11 31322400 2.955E11 30560817 2.92E11 28448684 2.711E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 1.238E11 4027737 1.956E10 3433214 1.717E10 2221023 9.7288E9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 1.329E10 887507 6.6433E9 808189 6.0857E9 481274 2.9484E9
      SSI 1.129E11 3221842 1.331E10 2697080 1.145E10 1764067 6.8418E9
  Food stamps 1.136E11 8018014 5.701E10 7387972 5.38E10 4925168 3.161E10
  Housing assistance 7.625E10 5090653 3.711E10 4578554 3.433E10 1887588 1.01E10
  Energy assistance 4.07E10 2923671 1.988E10 2708337 1.873E10 1946269 1.257E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 6.829E10 2448512 1.203E10 2076546 1.054E10 1101438 4.302E9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5.726E10 6417857 5.542E10 6390618 5.526E10 6288904 5.427E10
  Medicare 8.544E10 8457515 5.148E10 8352432 5.123E10 7253283 4.401E10
      Also Medicaid 4.318E10 2306875 1.22E10 2201793 1.195E10 1647343 8.9604E9
  Medicaid 1.793E11 11129676 8.045E10 9896048 7.387E10 7930643 5.878E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 2.431E11 26433854 2.393E11 26433854 2.393E11 25225318 2.249E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 15 Definition 16 Definition 17
Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 48847778 4.095E11 52820984 4.363E11 59088297 4.856E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 48847778 4.095E11 52820984 4.363E11 59088297 4.856E11
White alone or in combination 37369595 3.138E11 40383069 3.339E11 44472680 3.65E11
  White alone 36665293 3.082E11 39633482 3.278E11 43562607 3.576E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 29471101 2.463E11 32105935 2.636E11 35234204 2.87E11
Black alone or in combination 8406151 6.884E10 9191029 7.439E10 11087874 9.021E10
  Black alone 8030023 6.572E10 8804607 7.124E10 10629430 8.628E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
2672976 2.404E10 2810460 2.512E10 3031690 2.709E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2468157 2.215E10 2591020 2.314E10 2800127 2.502E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2520678 2.263E10 2646783 2.366E10 2857650 2.558E10
      Asian alone 2315859 2.074E10 2430275 2.169E10 2629019 2.351E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
180704 1.6449E9 194854 1.7283E9 210374 1.8335E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
152298 1.4093E9 160745 1.451E9 171108 1.5112E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1258633 9.7062E9 1351476 1.025E10 1595025 1.225E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
850035 6.6442E9 901226 6.8361E9 1024906 7.9507E9
Two or more races 834269 6.7701E9 890648 7.2035E9 1071227 8.7152E9
Hispanic (of any race) 7859715 6.693E10 8231142 6.958E10 9162672 7.723E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 30126721 2.516E11 32805874 2.692E11 36092611 2.94E11

Age
15 to 24 years 16078021 1.418E11 16357472 1.437E11 17378466 1.54E11
25 to 44 years 14541523 1.266E11 15102494 1.302E11 16794750 1.448E11
45 to 54 years 7638740 6.425E10 8557298 7.136E10 9896547 8.227E10
55 to 64 years 5677005 4.435E10 6484953 5.141E10 7620627 5.932E10
65 years and over 4912490 3.245E10 6318767 3.964E10 7397907 4.517E10

Region
Northeast 8579333 7.179E10 9396978 7.823E10 10948787 9.006E10
Midwest 10228886 8.394E10 11135497 8.994E10 12546355 1.008E11
South 17514501 1.461E11 18808527 1.535E11 20819050 1.689E11
West 12525058 1.076E11 13479982 1.146E11 14774106 1.258E11

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 47531785 3.964E11 51472748 4.23E11 57672250 4.712E11
18 to 24 years 14762028 1.288E11 15009236 1.304E11 15962419 1.396E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3188205 2.882E10 3273395 2.943E10 3565081 3.278E10
25 years and over 32769757 2.676E11 36463512 2.926E11 41709831 3.316E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 8533610 6.56E10 9667970 7.145E10 11710917 8.617E10
  High school graduate, no college 11408227 9.288E10 13053521 1.052E11 14901077 1.194E11
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 7181252 6.003E10 7848547 6.492E10 8872265 7.244E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 5646669 4.912E10 5893474 5.106E10 6225572 5.354E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 36922019 3.19E11 39479184 3.393E11 43908961 3.767E11
Worked at full-time jobs 3469087 2.046E10 3664746 2.133E10 4374795 2.733E10
  50 to 52 weeks 2209672 1.378E10 2131478 1.241E10 2579242 1.477E10
Worked at part-time jobs 6359982 4.203E10 6740537 4.441E10 7674912 5.214E10
Did not work 27092950 2.565E11 29073901 2.735E11 31859255 2.973E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 2047688 9.5629E9 2579662 1.112E10 4487436 2.103E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 467595 2.8921E9 534880 3.2452E9 933605 6.8949E9
      SSI 1601482 6.729E9 2070610 7.9402E9 3650088 1.457E10
  Food stamps 4620709 3.026E10 5217974 3.3E10 8617199 5.959E10
  Housing assistance 1887588 1.01E10 1994842 1.078E10 5676991 3.887E10
  Energy assistance 1738192 1.169E10 2058531 1.304E10 3151470 2.084E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 998853 4.0377E9 1224958 4.761E9 2736151 1.298E10

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 5982890 5.114E10 6345695 5.45E10 7286976 6.102E10
  Medicare 6080347 3.962E10 7755794 4.59E10 9561992 5.515E10
      Also Medicaid 1420759 8.144E9 1825315 9.5743E9 2901980 1.396E10
  Medicaid 7500441 5.684E10 8795727 6.29E10 11816237 8.289E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 24327154 2.152E11 25225318 2.249E11 26764356 2.421E11

 

  Aggregate Income Deficit of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty
Definition 18
Aggregate Aggregate squared
All Unrelated Individuals 58582817 4.814E11

Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
All Races 58582817 4.814E11
White alone or in combination 44082308 3.618E11
  White alone 43180237 3.545E11
      White alone, not Hispanic 34959332 2.847E11
Black alone or in combination 10998063 8.945E10
  Black alone 10542887 8.554E10
Asian or Native Hawaiian and other Pacific
 Islander alone or in combination
3013370 2.697E10
Asian alone or Native Hawaiian and other
Pacific Islander alone or
      Asian and Native Hawaiian
2783667 2.491E10
  Asian alone or in combination 2840393 2.546E10
      Asian alone 2613621 2.34E10
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
    alone or in combination
209080 1.8251E9
Native Hawaiian and other
        Pacific Islander alone
170046 1.505E9
American Indian and Alaska Native
 alone or in combination
1578868 1.21E10
American Indian and
    Alaska Native alone
1013995 7.8408E9
Two or more races 1062031 8.6435E9
Hispanic (of any race) 9044712 7.631E10
White A.O.I.C., not Hispanic 35810831 2.916E11

Age
15 to 24 years 17363830 1.539E11
25 to 44 years 16506563 1.425E11
45 to 54 years 9770035 8.117E10
55 to 64 years 7544481 5.872E10
65 years and over 7397907 4.517E10

Region
Northeast 10874832 8.947E10
Midwest 12427357 9.986E10
South 20631563 1.674E11
West 14649064 1.247E11

Educational Attainment
      Total, 18 years and over 57166872 4.67E11
18 to 24 years 15947886 1.395E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3564757 3.278E10
25 years and over 41218986 3.275E11
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11563388 8.495E10
  High school graduate, no college 14723389 1.179E11
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 8762987 7.161E10
  Bachelor's degree or more 6169222 5.303E10

Work Experience in 2007
Total, 20 to 64 years 43513531 3.733E11
Worked at full-time jobs 4191358 2.575E10
  50 to 52 weeks 2471751 1.406E10
Worked at part-time jobs 7462918 5.027E10
Did not work 31859255 2.973E11

Program Participation Status
Received: Cash assistance 4479988 2.097E10
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 929865 6.8619E9
      SSI 3646364 1.454E10
  Food stamps 8548564 5.895E10
  Housing assistance 5650091 3.862E10
  Energy assistance 3130214 2.065E10
  Food stamps and cash assist 2730696 1.294E10

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
Employer-provided plan 7200947 6.036E10
  Medicare 9556675 5.511E10
      Also Medicaid 2899381 1.394E10
  Medicaid 11766317 8.245E10
Not covered by:
Health insurance 26435614 2.394E11

Race Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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