U.S. Department of Commerce

Census of Housing




Historical Census of Housing Tables


Crowding

The level of crowded households shows a mixed picture over time.  Occupied housing units with more than one person per room are considered crowded.  The rate of crowding declined from 1940 (20 percent) to 1980 (4.5 percent); it rose slightly in 1990 (4.9 percent), and rose again in 2000 (5.7 percent) (see graph). 

The rate of severely crowded homes followed a similar trend as crowded homes.  Severely crowded homes (those with more than 1.5 persons per room) ranged from a high of 9.0 percent in 1940 to a low of 1.4 percent in 1980.  In 2000, 2.7 percent of occupied housing units (2.9 million) were considered severely crowded.

Examples of states with high levels of crowding in 2000 were California and Hawaii, both with a crowding rate of about 15 percent.  Severely crowded homes represented 9.1 percent and 7.7 percent, respectively.  Maine, Vermont, and West Virginia were examples of states with low levels of crowding, all with only about 1 percent crowding in 2000.

Crowded homes in 1940 were largely concentrated in southern states; this has changed over time.  For example, Alabama had a crowding rate of 41 percent in 1940 (twice the national rate), compared with a rate of 13 percent in California, which was below the national rate.  The two states had switched places by 1990, and it remained that way in 2000.  For Alabama, the crowding rate had dropped to only 2.9 percent in 2000 (below the national rate), whereas for California it was 15 percent (two and a half times the national rate).

                           2        0        0        0

                   All occupied        Crowded             Severely crowded
                   housing units      (1.01 or more)         (1.51 or more)

                                       Number Percent         Number Percent
United States      105,480,101      6,057,890    5.7%      2,873,122    2.7%

Alabama              1,737,080         51,004    2.9%         15,904    0.9%
Alaska                 221,600         18,970    8.6%          8,910    4.0%
Arizona              1,901,327        163,463    8.6%         80,337    4.2%
Arkansas             1,042,696         38,081    3.7%         11,928    1.1%
California          11,502,870      1,748,352   15.2%      1,048,042    9.1%
Colorado             1,658,238         75,587    4.6%         35,278    2.1%
Connecticut          1,301,670         35,859    2.8%         12,637    1.0%
Delaware               298,736          8,271    2.8%          2,856    1.0%
District of Columbia   248,338         21,987    8.9%         13,247    5.3%
Florida              6,337,929        410,347    6.5%        195,053    3.1%
Georgia              3,006,369        145,235    4.8%         56,761    1.9%
Hawaii                 403,240         62,268   15.4%         31,163    7.7%
Idaho                  469,645         22,790    4.9%          8,178    1.7%
Illinois             4,591,779        222,355    4.8%         94,347    2.1%
Indiana              2,336,306         53,891    2.3%         16,213    0.7%
Iowa                 1,149,276         22,498    2.0%          7,632    0.7%
Kansas               1,037,891         31,611    3.0%         11,350    1.1%
Kentucky             1,590,647         32,669    2.1%          8,269    0.5%
Louisiana            1,656,053         86,426    5.2%         29,144    1.8%
Maine                  518,200          6,640    1.3%          1,537    0.3%
Maryland             1,980,859         71,194    3.6%         30,200    1.5%
Massachusetts        2,443,580         69,632    2.8%         25,711    1.1%
Michigan             3,785,661        113,944    3.0%         38,880    1.0%
Minnesota            1,895,127         55,026    2.9%         24,065    1.3%
Mississippi          1,046,434         51,617    4.9%         16,198    1.5%
Missouri             2,194,594         53,263    2.4%         15,092    0.7%
Montana                358,667         11,242    3.1%          3,676    1.0%
Nebraska               666,184         17,963    2.7%          7,498    1.1%
Nevada                 751,165         64,287    8.6%         32,235    4.3%
New Hampshire          474,606          7,615    1.6%          1,993    0.4%
New Jersey           3,064,645        153,183    5.0%         64,773    2.1%
New Mexico             677,971         50,538    7.5%         22,023    3.2%
New York             7,056,860        548,577    7.8%        266,844    3.8%
North Carolina       3,132,013        106,759    3.4%         37,276    1.2%
North Dakota           257,152          5,216    2.0%          1,537    0.6%
Ohio                 4,445,773         73,499    1.7%         18,994    0.4%
Oklahoma             1,342,293         49,426    3.7%         16,742    1.2%
Oregon               1,333,723         64,609    4.8%         28,459    2.1%
Pennsylvania         4,777,003         91,145    1.9%         30,518    0.6%
Rhode Island           408,424         11,656    2.9%          3,844    0.9%
South Carolina       1,533,854         49,338    3.2%         14,830    1.0%
South Dakota           290,245          8,825    3.0%          3,195    1.1%
Tennessee            2,232,905         61,044    2.7%         18,830    0.8%
Texas                7,393,354        697,513    9.4%        335,719    4.5%
Utah                   701,281         42,098    6.0%         15,912    2.3%
Vermont                240,634          3,460    1.4%            873    0.4%
Virginia             2,699,173         86,456    3.2%         34,137    1.3%
Washington           2,271,398        115,429    5.1%         53,682    2.4%
West Virginia          736,481          9,743    1.3%          1,926    0.3%
Wisconsin            2,084,544         50,073    2.4%         17,020    0.8%
Wyoming                193,608          5,216    2.7%          1,654    0.9%

                             1  9  9  0

        Occupied     Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   housing units    (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent

US    91,947,410  4,548,799    4.9% 1,911,867    2.1%

AL     1,506,790     52,927    3.5%    13,786    0.9%
AK       188,915     16,201    8.6%     7,284    3.9%
AZ     1,368,843    101,636    7.4%    46,721    3.4%
AR       891,179     33,197    3.7%     7,977    0.9%
CA    10,381,206  1,275,377   12.3%   737,247    7.1%
CO     1,282,489     38,139    3.0%    13,500    1.1%
CT     1,230,479     28,237    2.3%     7,796    0.6%
DE       247,497      5,624    2.3%     1,556    0.6%
DC       249,634     20,587    8.2%    11,060    4.4%
FL     5,134,869    297,557    5.8%   135,722    2.6%
GA     2,366,615     95,828    4.0%    28,771    1.2%
HI       356,267     56,708   15.9%    27,810    7.8%
ID       360,723     15,199    4.2%     4,468    1.2%
IL     4,202,240    166,805    4.0%    57,081    1.4%
IN     2,065,355     45,376    2.2%     9,277    0.4%
IA     1,064,325     16,009    1.5%     3,797    0.4%
KS       944,726     23,690    2.5%     6,958    0.7%
KY     1,379,782     35,873    2.6%     7,150    0.5%
LA     1,499,269     89,268    6.0%    27,024    1.8%
ME       465,312      7,998    1.7%     1,671    0.4%
MD     1,748,991     53,139    3.0%    18,920    1.1%
MA     2,247,110     56,700    2.5%    17,970    0.8%
MI     3,419,331     90,551    2.6%    23,813    0.7%
MN     1,647,853     34,126    2.1%    11,048    0.7%
MS       911,374     52,890    5.8%    16,116    1.8%
MO     1,961,206     48,264    2.5%    11,158    0.6%
MT       306,163      8,886    2.9%     2,462    0.8%
NE       602,363     10,512    1.7%     2,762    0.5%
NV       466,297     29,890    6.4%    13,353    2.9%
NH       411,186      6,610    1.6%     1,213    0.3%
NJ     2,794,711    108,771    3.9%    37,250    1.3%
NM       542,709     42,810    7.9%    17,644    3.3%
NY     6,639,322    431,733    6.5%   183,651    2.8%
NC     2,517,026     72,635    2.9%    16,549    0.7%
ND       240,878      4,762    2.0%     1,119    0.5%
OH     4,087,546     71,771    1.8%    13,647    0.3%
OK     1,206,135     39,941    3.3%    10,432    0.9%
OR     1,103,313     40,135    3.6%    15,086    1.4%
PA     4,495,966     82,518    1.8%    21,800    0.5%
RI       377,977      8,676    2.3%     2,323    0.6%
SC     1,258,044     51,061    4.1%    13,500    1.1%
SD       259,034      7,660    3.0%     2,466    1.0%
TN     1,853,725     50,767    2.7%    12,134    0.7%
TX     6,070,937    494,578    8.1%   216,949    3.6%
UT       537,273     29,577    5.5%     7,728    1.4%
VT       210,650      3,595    1.7%       764    0.4%
VA     2,291,830     65,042    2.8%    20,875    0.9%
WA     1,872,431     72,798    3.9%    29,409    1.6%
WV       688,557     13,123    1.9%     2,115    0.3%
WI     1,822,118     38,340    2.1%     9,745    0.5%
WY       168,839      4,702    2.8%     1,210    0.7%

                             1  9  8  0

        Occupied     Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   housing units    (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent

US    80,389,673  3,648,445    4.5% 1,134,619    1.4%

AL     1,341,856     72,668    5.4%    19,709    1.5%
AK       131,463     13,225   10.1%     6,625    5.0%
AZ       957,032     69,307    7.2%    30,526    3.2%
AR       816,065     42,650    5.2%    10,607    1.3%
CA     8,629,866    638,333    7.4%   302,704    3.5%
CO     1,061,249     30,216    2.8%     8,893    0.8%
CT     1,093,678     28,595    2.6%     5,318    0.5%
DE       207,081      5,351    2.6%     1,161    0.6%
DC       253,143     20,518    8.1%     9,279    3.7%
FL     3,744,254    199,529    5.3%    82,330    2.2%
GA     1,871,652     99,423    5.3%    27,114    1.4%
HI       294,052     44,905   15.3%    20,706    7.0%
ID       324,107     14,462    4.5%     3,673    1.1%
IL     4,045,374    169,056    4.2%    42,745    1.1%
IN     1,927,050     60,009    3.1%    10,582    0.5%
IA     1,053,033     21,590    2.1%     3,810    0.4%
KS       872,239     20,679    2.4%     4,495    0.5%
KY     1,263,355     58,788    4.7%    12,375    1.0%
LA     1,411,788     99,965    7.1%    27,544    2.0%
ME       395,184     12,137    3.1%     2,354    0.6%
MD     1,460,865     44,824    3.1%    10,987    0.8%
MA     2,032,717     53,192    2.6%    10,049    0.5%
MI     3,195,213     99,929    3.1%    18,631    0.6%
MN     1,445,222     32,832    2.3%     6,910    0.5%
MS       827,169     66,385    8.0%    21,643    2.6%
MO     1,793,399     60,097    3.4%    12,790    0.7%
MT       283,742     10,784    3.8%     2,954    1.0%
NE       571,400     12,052    2.1%     2,273    0.4%
NV       304,327     14,255    4.7%     5,440    1.8%
NH       323,493      7,826    2.4%     1,416    0.4%
NJ     2,548,594     89,564    3.5%    20,709    0.8%
NM       441,466     38,031    8.6%    15,153    3.4%
NY     6,340,429    311,848    4.9%    90,086    1.4%
NC     2,043,291     91,854    4.5%    19,163    0.9%
ND       227,664      6,178    2.7%     1,175    0.5%
OH     3,833,828     95,646    2.5%    15,153    0.4%
OK     1,118,561     41,073    3.7%     9,182    0.8%
OR       991,593     28,967    2.9%     9,030    0.9%
PA     4,219,606    101,290    2.4%    18,965    0.4%
RI       338,590      8,600    2.5%     1,340    0.4%
SC     1,029,981     61,508    6.0%    14,956    1.5%
SD       242,523      8,739    3.6%     2,482    1.0%
TN     1,618,505     70,744    4.4%    16,205    1.0%
TX     4,929,267    356,539    7.2%   124,859    2.5%
UT       448,603     25,824    5.8%     5,001    1.1%
VT       178,325      4,534    2.5%       873    0.5%
VA     1,863,073     64,081    3.4%    15,422    0.8%
WA     1,540,510     44,380    2.9%    15,293    1.0%
WV       686,311     28,232    4.1%     5,469    0.8%
WI     1,652,261     40,270    2.4%     6,706    0.4%
WY       165,624      6,961    4.2%     1,754    1.1%


                             1  9  7  0

        Occupied     Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   housing units    (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent

US    63,449,747  5,210,874    8.2% 1,408,416    2.2%

AL     1,034,113    114,680   11.1%    40,922    4.0%
AK        79,059     15,490   19.6%     7,715    9.8%
AZ       539,157     68,220   12.7%    28,318    5.3%
AR       615,424     65,747   10.7%    22,173    3.6%
CA     6,573,861    521,952    7.9%   156,429    2.4%
CO       690,928     47,971    6.9%    12,100    1.8%
CT       933,269     58,048    6.2%    10,343    1.1%
DE       164,804      9,277    5.6%     1,875    1.1%
DC       262,538     32,160   12.2%    12,501    4.8%
FL     2,284,786    204,871    9.0%    78,462    3.4%
GA     1,369,225    148,737   10.9%    50,621    3.7%
HI       203,088     40,462   19.9%    15,804    7.8%
ID       218,960     20,249    9.2%     4,912    2.2%
IL     3,502,138    273,536    7.8%    59,468    1.7%
IN     1,609,494    129,318    8.0%    26,471    1.6%
IA       896,311     52,582    5.9%     8,721    1.0%
KS       727,364     43,153    5.9%     8,209    1.1%
KY       983,665    104,292   10.6%    30,659    3.1%
LA     1,052,038    152,440   14.5%    53,560    5.1%
ME       302,923     22,833    7.5%     5,011    1.7%
MD     1,175,073     77,384    6.6%    15,462    1.3%
MA     1,759,692    104,706    6.0%    17,322    1.0%
MI     2,653,059    202,116    7.6%    36,440    1.4%
MN     1,153,946     84,979    7.4%    15,349    1.3%
MS       636,724     96,344   15.1%    42,647    6.7%
MO     1,520,567    124,181    8.2%    31,364    2.1%
MT       217,304     20,777    9.6%     5,327    2.5%
NE       473,721     29,307    6.2%     5,320    1.1%
NV       160,052     14,131    8.8%     3,929    2.5%
NH       225,378     14,826    6.6%     2,732    1.2%
NJ     2,218,182    136,436    6.2%    27,345    1.2%
NM       289,389     45,171   15.6%    19,384    6.7%
NY     5,913,861    447,602    7.6%   108,615    1.8%
NC     1,509,564    153,718   10.2%    44,483    2.9%
ND       181,613     16,549    9.1%     3,864    2.1%
OH     3,289,432    215,805    6.6%    38,065    1.2%
OK       850,803     61,924    7.3%    15,302    1.8%
OR       691,631     38,629    5.6%     8,666    1.3%
PA     3,705,410    203,203    5.5%    35,277    1.0%
RI       291,965     17,604    6.0%     2,670    0.9%
SC       734,373     90,623   12.3%    31,208    4.2%
SD       200,807     18,042    9.0%     5,082    2.5%
TN     1,213,187    117,441    9.7%    36,825    3.0%
TX     3,433,996    387,530   11.3%   137,527    4.0%
UT       297,934     31,601   10.6%     6,766    2.3%
VT       132,098      8,647    6.5%     1,677    1.3%
VA     1,390,636    110,869    8.0%    30,172    2.2%
WA     1,105,587     60,290    5.5%    13,539    1.2%
WV       547,214     49,829    9.1%    13,321    2.4%
WI     1,328,804     95,423    7.2%    16,284    1.2%
WY       104,600      9,169    8.8%     2,178    2.1%


                             1  9  6  0

        Occupied     Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   housing units    (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent
                                    
US    53,023,875  6,113,473   11.5% 1,902,923    3.6%

AL       884,116    171,113   19.4%    77,551    8.8%
AK        57,250     16,090   28.1%     8,053   14.1%
AZ       366,630     69,884   19.1%    32,616    8.9%
AR       523,552     93,077   17.8%    40,346    7.7%
CA     4,982,108    475,287    9.5%   121,173    2.4%
CO       529,419     61,283   11.6%    17,824    3.4%
CT       752,736     56,004    7.4%     9,003    1.2%
DE       128,582     10,122    7.9%     2,524    2.0%
DC       252,066     30,725   12.2%    11,018    4.4%
FL     1,550,414    191,526   12.4%    71,956    4.6%
GA     1,070,325    197,130   18.4%    85,402    8.0%
HI       153,064     39,331   25.7%    13,088    8.6%
ID       193,839     29,997   15.5%     8,225    4.2%
IL     3,084,971    309,350   10.0%    82,830    2.7%
IN     1,387,878    158,017   11.4%    40,204    2.9%
IA       841,357     67,286    8.0%    13,826    1.6%
KS       672,899     63,523    9.4%    14,509    2.2%
KY       851,867    145,771   17.1%    55,004    6.5%
LA       892,344    188,035   21.1%    80,423    9.0%
ME       280,355     28,958   10.3%     7,452    2.7%
MD       863,001     83,471    9.7%    20,059    2.3%
MA     1,534,985    103,072    6.7%    15,473    1.0%
MI     2,239,079    220,263    9.8%    44,108    2.0%
MN       991,981    102,733   10.4%    21,534    2.2%
MS       568,070    133,428   23.5%    68,975   12.1%
MO     1,360,054    161,096   11.8%    52,878    3.9%
MT       202,240     30,043   14.9%     8,891    4.4%
NE       433,448     39,936    9.2%     8,439    1.9%
NV        91,520     12,619   13.8%     4,268    4.7%
NH       180,020     13,286    7.4%     2,395    1.3%
NJ     1,806,439    131,194    7.3%    26,485    1.5%
NM       251,209     59,299   23.6%    28,103   11.2%
NY     5,248,710    488,423    9.3%   131,418    2.5%
NC     1,204,715    207,234   17.2%    76,186    6.3%
ND       173,362     26,666   15.4%     7,550    4.4%
OH     2,852,557    270,759    9.5%    63,993    2.2%
OK       734,593     87,365   11.9%    28,533    3.9%
OR       558,214     48,317    8.7%    11,237    2.0%
PA     3,350,839    242,146    7.2%    46,928    1.4%
RI       257,335     17,740    6.9%     2,596    1.0%
SC       603,551    125,317   20.8%    53,482    8.9%
SD       194,821     25,399   13.0%     7,541    3.9%
TN     1,003,301    162,692   16.2%    64,492    6.4%
TX     2,778,116    451,873   16.3%   186,688    6.7%
UT       241,532     40,246   16.7%     9,221    3.8%
VT       110,732      8,696    7.9%     1,910    1.7%
VA     1,072,840    147,590   13.8%    49,772    4.6%
WA       894,168     74,025    8.3%    15,832    1.8%
WV       521,142     78,878   15.1%    27,628    5.3%
WI     1,146,342    101,676    8.9%    18,602    1.6%
WY        99,187     15,482   15.6%     4,679    4.7%


                             1  9  5  0

   Occupied units    Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   reporting per-   (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   sons per room
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent
                    
US    42,154,443  6,628,292   15.7% 2,607,717    6.2%

AL       774,350    236,381   30.5%   118,871   15.4%
AK        28,214      9,585   34.0%     6,442   22.8%
AZ       205,895     56,794   27.6%    32,381   15.7%
AR       513,675    136,897   26.7%    66,529   13.0%
CA     3,286,242    403,360   12.3%   153,081    4.7%
CO       384,684     69,216   18.0%    30,737    8.0%
CT       561,985     54,437    9.7%    12,047    2.1%
DE        89,089      8,573    9.6%     2,668    3.0%
DC       220,074     31,035   14.1%    11,709    5.3%
FL       805,885    144,887   18.0%    65,343    8.1%
GA       873,424    237,277   27.2%   114,220   13.1%
HI       111,394     34,364   30.8%    13,174   11.8%
ID       165,994     36,933   22.2%    15,104    9.1%
IL     2,541,472    324,876   12.8%   121,187    4.8%
IN     1,152,649    159,069   13.8%    56,569    4.9%
IA       767,732     79,371   10.3%    26,223    3.4%
KS       576,512     67,118   11.6%    23,517    4.1%
KY       766,080    192,270   25.1%    90,032   11.8%
LA       712,475    186,975   26.2%    88,428   12.4%
ME       250,993     30,351   12.1%    10,166    4.1%
MD       632,109     77,580   12.3%    23,399    3.7%
MA     1,289,544    126,495    9.8%    25,099    1.9%
MI     1,763,830    192,930   10.9%    56,925    3.2%
MN       831,232    108,690   13.1%    35,807    4.3%
MS       543,568    174,704   32.1%    89,856   16.5%
MO     1,173,885    197,396   16.8%    84,447    7.2%
MT       172,170     32,736   19.0%    14,126    8.2%
NE       384,930     48,549   12.6%    17,157    4.5%
NV        48,941      7,999   16.3%     3,309    6.8%
NH       153,208     13,564    8.9%     3,620    2.4%
NJ     1,359,323    138,323   10.2%    34,131    2.5%
NM       171,959     58,453   34.0%    34,393   20.0%
NY     4,257,492    526,049   12.4%   141,043    3.3%
NC       976,516    245,304   25.1%   107,420   11.0%
ND       158,803     32,587   20.5%    13,473    8.5%
OH     2,284,265    248,404   10.9%    80,507    3.5%
OK       649,755    130,199   20.0%    60,046    9.2%
OR       471,471     59,823   12.7%    23,241    4.9%
PA     2,879,311    306,791   10.7%    82,493    2.9%
RI       223,538     21,756    9.7%     4,798    2.1%
SC       505,616    146,231   28.9%    69,491   13.7%
SD       179,850     27,607   15.4%    11,144    6.2%
TN       857,614    217,252   25.3%   102,776   12.0%
TX     2,148,625    499,564   23.3%   252,014   11.7%
UT       184,586     43,271   23.4%    12,563    6.8%
VT       102,089      9,183    9.0%     2,606    2.6%
VA       830,216    158,788   19.1%    65,691    7.9%
WA       722,533     81,826   11.3%    27,691    3.8%
WV       510,467    115,401   22.6%    49,706    9.7%
WI       955,062    106,662   11.2%    31,867    3.3%
WY        82,725     18,355   22.2%     8,066    9.8%

    Curiously, the States do NOT quite add to the U.S.
       total in 1950.  The reason for this is unclear.
    Alaska and Hawaii are NOT included in the 1950 U.S.
       totals.

                             1  9  4  0

   Occupied units    Crowded units  Severely crowded 
   reporting per-   (1.01 or more)    (1.51 or more)
   sons per room
                     Number   Per-     Number   Per-
                              cent              cent
                                    
US    34,447,032  6,964,894   20.2% 3,085,922    9.0%

AL       664,342    271,795   40.9%   151,995   22.9%
AK                            N.A.              N.A.
AZ       129,315     50,775   39.3%    35,154   27.2%
AR       489,654    185,066   37.8%   101,391   20.7%
CA     2,112,988    276,057   13.1%   118,009    5.6%
CO       311,232     71,533   23.0%    37,024   11.9%
CT       442,790     57,092   12.9%    14,795    3.3%
DE        69,801      7,828   11.2%     2,386    3.4%
DC       170,860     34,318   20.1%    14,579    8.5%
FL       512,628    125,719   24.5%    63,890   12.5%
GA       741,877    271,138   36.5%   143,466   19.3%
HI                            N.A.              N.A.
ID       139,296     42,622   30.6%    22,787   16.4%
IL     2,172,101    330,425   15.2%   120,011    5.5%
IN       950,905    139,123   14.6%    53,083    5.6%
IA       693,860     81,364   11.7%    30,456    4.4%
KS       505,187     75,885   15.0%    29,779    5.9%
KY       690,299    232,135   33.6%   125,579   18.2%
LA       586,762    208,067   35.5%   110,154   18.8%
ME       215,788     30,576   14.2%    11,037    5.1%
MD       459,377     65,420   14.2%    20,891    4.5%
MA     1,105,354    129,275   11.7%    29,787    2.7%
MI     1,383,109    179,193   13.0%    56,676    4.1%
MN       720,426    121,902   16.9%    48,333    6.7%
MS       525,315    211,323   40.2%   113,745   21.7%
MO     1,056,293    232,034   22.0%   111,419   10.5%
MT       157,317     40,314   25.6%    20,974   13.3%
NE       357,331     53,731   15.0%    21,519    6.0%
NV        32,532      7,399   22.7%     3,983   12.2%
NH       131,287     14,437   11.0%     4,297    3.3%
NJ     1,086,639    131,670   12.1%    33,380    3.1%
NM       127,186     61,109   48.0%    41,882   32.9%
NY     3,615,727    508,945   14.1%   120,331    3.3%
NC       778,285    274,476   35.3%   138,596   17.8%
ND       150,007     41,891   27.9%    20,409   13.6%
OH     1,880,099    231,487   12.3%    79,132    4.2%
OK       601,338    199,671   33.2%   114,233   19.0%
OR       332,483     44,082   13.3%    19,375    5.8%
PA     2,491,353    379,277   15.2%   118,299    4.7%
RI       186,085     24,462   13.1%     6,572    3.5%
SC       430,403    170,996   39.7%    91,973   21.4%
SD       162,950     33,362   20.5%    15,739    9.7%
TN       706,731    250,318   35.4%   135,145   19.1%
TX     1,660,787    530,343   31.9%   297,272   17.9%
UT       138,330     41,880   30.3%    18,559   13.4%
VT        91,428      8,986    9.8%     2,541    2.8%
VA       621,217    161,265   26.0%    77,187   12.4%
WA       529,562     69,165   13.1%    27,939    5.3%
WV       440,099    135,012   30.7%    66,759   15.2%
WI       819,863    100,460   12.3%    33,120    4.0%
WY        68,434     19,491   28.5%    10,280   15.0%



Contact the Physical and Social Characteristics Branch at 301-763-3237 or visit ask.census.gov for further information.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011