U.S. Department of Commerce

Census of Housing




Historical Census of Housing Tables

House Heating Fuel

Tracing the history of heating fuels from 1940 to 2000 shows that 3-in-4 households used coal or wood in 1940, whereas only 1.8 percent of homes used these fuels in 2000.

Homes using coal or coke for heating fuel dropped rapidly in each decade between 1940 (55 percent) and 1970 (2.9 percent); and the rate continued to drop until 0.1 percent of homes used these fuels in 2000.

Wood, used as a major heating fuel in 1940 (23 percent), virtually disappeared by 1970 (only 1.3 percent).  Since that time, it has shown a modest comeback in 1990 (3.9 percent), but dropped in 2000 (1.7 percent).  It was the dominant fuel in the Pacific Northwest and South in 1940.

In 1940 electricity as a heating fuel was so rare that its use was not counted at all by the Census Bureau.  Even by 1960, electricity was only used by 1.8 percent of the country.  After that year, electricity usage began to climb rapidly each decade, reaching over one-quarter of American homes by 1990 and heating 30 percent of homes by 2000. (see graph)

Utility gas (including bottled gas) was used by 11 percent of homes in 1940, although it was dominant in California (67 percent).  Its growth was very rapid, rising to over 50 percent by 1970 and leveling off.

In 2000, 82 percent of homes used either utility gas or electricity as their primary source of heating fuel; utility gas alone accounted for about half of all homes (51 percent).  Utility gas was clearly the dominant fuel in Utah, Illinois, Michigan, Colorado, and Kansas.

The percent of homes using fuel oil (including kerosene and other liquid fuels) has fluctuated from 1940 to 2000.  That rate has increased each decade from 1940 (10 percent) to 1960 (32 percent).  From that point, it declined each decade, to its lowest level of 9.0 percent in 2000.  Fuel oil was tops in New England; for example in 2000, 80 percent of the homes in Maine used fuel oil, followed by Vermont (59 percent), New Hampshire (58 percent),[1] and Connecticut (52 percent).


[1] There was no statistical difference between Vermont and New Hampshire.

      2          0        0          0

                                                            Fuel				
                                                            oil,
                                         Bottled,           kero-   Coal                      No
                    Occupied   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or               Other    fuel
                       units       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke    Wood      fuel    used
															
United States    105,480,101     51.2%      6.5%   30.3%    9.0%    0.1%    1.7%      0.4%    0.7%

Alabama            1,737,080     38.1%     14.0%   46.0%    0.4%    0.0%    1.1%      0.1%    0.2%
Alaska               221,600     45.9%      2.2%   10.2%   35.8%    0.5%    3.7%      1.1%    0.5%
Arizona            1,901,327     37.5%      5.2%   54.3%    0.1%    0.1%    2.1%      0.1%    0.5%
Arkansas           1,042,696     48.6%     13.5%   32.7%    0.1%    0.0%    4.7%      0.2%    0.2%
California        11,502,870     70.5%      3.8%   21.8%    0.3%    0.0%    1.8%      0.2%    1.4%
Colorado           1,658,238     74.9%      6.2%   16.1%    0.2%    0.1%    1.5%      0.7%    0.3%
Connecticut        1,301,670     29.0%      2.4%   14.6%   52.4%    0.1%    0.9%      0.4%    0.2%
Delaware             298,736     36.8%     10.3%   25.6%   25.9%    0.1%    0.7%      0.4%    0.2%
Dist.of Columbia     248,338     65.4%      1.8%   24.2%    6.9%    0.0%    0.0%      0.7%    1.0%
Florida            6,337,929      6.0%      3.6%   87.2%    1.1%    0.0%    0.3%      0.1%    1.8%
Georgia            3,006,369     48.9%     10.8%   38.3%    0.6%    0.0%    1.0%      0.1%    0.3%
Hawaii               403,240      3.2%      2.6%   47.8%    0.1%    0.0%    0.5%      0.1%   44.3%
Idaho                469,645     45.4%      5.8%   34.4%    5.4%    0.3%    7.7%      0.7%    0.2%
Illinois           4,591,779     80.5%      5.0%   12.4%    0.6%    0.0%    0.4%      0.5%    0.5%
Indiana            2,336,306     64.6%      9.0%   21.7%    2.6%    0.1%    1.4%      0.4%    0.2%
Iowa               1,149,276     67.3%     15.7%   12.8%    2.3%    0.0%    1.2%      0.5%    0.3%
Kansas             1,037,891     71.5%      9.5%   17.2%    0.2%    0.0%    1.2%      0.3%    0.1%
Kentucky           1,590,647     44.4%      9.8%   38.8%    2.8%    0.8%    2.9%      0.3%    0.2%
Louisiana          1,656,053     46.9%      4.9%   46.8%    0.2%    0.0%    0.8%      0.1%    0.3%
Maine                518,200      3.5%      4.9%    4.4%   80.2%    0.2%    6.4%      0.3%    0.1%
Maryland           1,980,859     46.0%      3.1%   33.1%   16.0%    0.1%    1.0%      0.4%    0.3%
Massachusetts      2,443,580     43.9%      2.6%   12.4%   39.4%    0.1%    0.8%      0.4%    0.3%
Michigan           3,785,661     78.2%      9.4%    6.6%    3.5%    0.0%    1.4%      0.5%    0.3%
Minnesota          1,895,127     67.6%     10.4%   12.1%    6.4%    0.0%    2.0%      1.0%    0.5%
Mississippi        1,046,434     37.2%     20.7%   39.8%    0.2%    0.0%    1.7%      0.1%    0.3%
Missouri           2,194,594     57.5%     13.4%   24.5%    0.6%    0.0%    3.5%      0.2%    0.2%
Montana              358,667     59.1%     12.7%   16.1%    3.1%    0.3%    7.5%      1.0%    0.2%
Nebraska             666,184     68.3%     10.3%   18.4%    1.2%    0.0%    1.1%      0.5%    0.2%
Nevada               751,165     56.3%      4.8%   35.8%    1.5%    0.0%    1.1%      0.3%    0.2%
New Hampshire        474,606     18.4%     10.7%    7.6%   58.1%    0.2%    4.3%      0.5%    0.2%
New Jersey         3,064,645     66.8%      2.4%   10.3%   19.4%    0.0%    0.2%      0.4%    0.3%
New Mexico           677,971     67.7%     14.5%   11.6%    0.2%    0.1%    5.1%      0.3%    0.1%
New York           7,056,860     51.7%      3.4%    8.7%   33.1%    0.1%    1.2%      1.0%    0.7%
North Carolina     3,132,013     24.2%     12.6%   48.8%   11.8%    0.0%    2.1%      0.2%    0.3%
North Dakota         257,152     43.1%     15.7%   28.8%    9.2%    0.7%    0.5%      1.3%    0.7%
Ohio               4,445,773     68.8%      6.1%   18.3%    4.7%    0.1%    1.1%      0.7%    0.3%
Oklahoma           1,342,293     60.3%     11.1%   26.2%    0.1%    0.0%    1.8%      0.3%    0.2%
Oregon             1,333,723     34.5%      2.0%   48.7%    6.9%    0.0%    7.1%      0.7%    0.2%
Pennsylvania       4,777,003     51.3%      3.0%   16.5%   25.5%    1.4%    1.6%      0.4%    0.2%
Rhode Island         408,424     46.3%      2.5%    7.6%   42.1%    0.1%    0.9%      0.3%    0.2%
South Carolina     1,533,854     26.2%      8.6%   58.4%    5.1%    0.0%    1.3%      0.1%    0.3%
South Dakota         290,245     48.3%     21.7%   19.7%    7.0%    0.1%    1.7%      0.9%    0.4%
Tennessee          2,232,905     36.0%      7.2%   52.1%    1.8%    0.1%    2.3%      0.1%    0.2%
Texas              7,393,354     43.2%      6.4%   49.4%    0.1%    0.0%    0.4%      0.1%    0.4%
Utah                 701,281     84.8%      3.0%    9.8%    0.5%    0.4%    1.1%      0.3%    0.1%
Vermont              240,634     12.1%     14.4%    4.7%   58.6%    0.2%    9.4%      0.3%    0.1%
Virginia           2,699,173     34.0%      5.1%   43.7%   13.4%    0.2%    2.9%      0.3%    0.3%
Washington         2,271,398     32.9%      3.1%   52.9%    5.6%    0.0%    4.7%      0.6%    0.2%
West Virginia        736,481     47.8%      5.6%   32.2%    6.7%    1.1%    5.9%      0.5%    0.1%
Wisconsin          2,084,544     66.4%     11.0%   11.4%    7.6%    0.0%    2.7%      0.6%    0.3%
Wyoming              193,608     63.5%     11.2%   18.6%    0.4%    0.9%    4.4%      0.7%    0.2%

      1          9        9          0

                                               Fuel				
                                               oil,
                            Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
       Occupied   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
          units       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     91947410     51.0%      5.7%    25.8%  12.2%   0.4%   3.9%   0.4%  0.6% 

AL      1506790     42.8%     15.6%    34.6%   1.2%   0.3%   5.3%   0.1%  0.1%
AK       188915     42.8%      1.9%    11.8%  32.3%   1.7%   7.7%   1.4%  0.5%
AZ      1368843     39.5%      4.4%    51.4%   0.2%   0.2%   3.6%   0.2%  0.4%
AR       891179     52.8%     11.6%    22.7%   0.2%   0.0%  12.5%   0.1%  0.1%
CA     10381206     73.2%      3.1%    19.2%   0.3%   0.0%   3.1%   0.3%  0.8%
CO      1282489     77.0%      4.8%    12.9%   0.3%   0.4%   3.3%   1.1%  0.3%
CT      1230479     26.3%      1.9%    15.1%  54.4%   0.3%   1.6%   0.2%  0.2%
DE       247497     30.5%      6.8%    21.8%  38.5%   0.2%   1.7%   0.3%  0.2%
DC       249634     63.5%      2.0%    20.5%  12.5%   0.0%   0.0%   0.7%  0.8%
FL      5134869      7.5%      7.2%    78.8%   4.1%   0.0%   0.8%   0.2%  1.5%
GA      2366615     53.3%     13.8%    27.2%   1.5%   0.0%   3.8%   0.1%  0.2%
HI       356267      3.3%      2.0%    37.9%   0.2%   0.0%   0.5%   1.6% 54.5%
ID       360723     28.2%      3.1%    39.8%   9.0%   1.3%  18.0%   0.6%  0.1%
IL      4202240     80.3%      4.3%    11.2%   1.8%   0.1%   1.0%   0.7%  0.5%
IN      2065355     63.1%      6.4%    19.3%   6.2%   0.2%   4.2%   0.4%  0.2%
IA      1064325     65.6%     14.8%    10.5%   5.5%   0.0%   2.9%   0.5%  0.2%
KS       944726     75.9%      8.8%    11.8%   0.3%   0.0%   2.9%   0.3%  0.1%
KY      1379782     45.6%      7.7%    30.0%   4.8%   3.2%   8.2%   0.3%  0.2%
LA      1499269     55.1%      5.8%    36.2%   0.3%   0.0%   2.3%   0.1%  0.2%
ME       465312      1.8%      1.9%    11.7%  69.5%   0.7%  14.1%   0.3%  0.1%
MD      1748991     43.2%      2.3%    29.6%  22.1%   0.3%   1.9%   0.4%  0.3%
MA      2247110     38.0%      2.1%    13.5%  44.0%   0.3%   1.5%   0.4%  0.3%
MI      3419331     76.9%      6.1%     5.4%   6.9%   0.1%   3.9%   0.5%  0.2%
MN      1647853     62.9%      8.2%    10.5%  11.9%   0.1%   4.9%   1.2%  0.5%
MS       911374     40.8%     20.1%    30.6%   0.5%   0.0%   7.8%   0.1%  0.1%
MO      1961206     60.4%     12.0%    18.1%   1.5%   0.0%   7.6%   0.2%  0.1%
MT       306163     54.2%      7.5%    17.9%   4.1%   0.8%  14.7%   0.6%  0.1%
NE       602363     70.2%     10.9%    13.6%   2.5%   0.0%   2.1%   0.5%  0.1%
NV       466297     47.7%      6.0%    39.3%   3.7%   0.1%   2.6%   0.4%  0.2%
NH       411186     15.2%      6.1%    12.4%  55.8%   0.9%   9.0%   0.4%  0.2%
NJ      2794711     57.5%      1.9%    10.0%  29.2%   0.1%   0.5%   0.4%  0.3%
NM       542709     70.1%     11.9%     9.1%   0.3%   0.2%   7.6%   0.7%  0.1%
NY      6639322     45.7%      2.4%     8.5%  39.6%   0.2%   2.0%   1.0%  0.5%
NC      2517026     18.6%      8.5%    42.0%  22.5%   0.1%   7.8%   0.3%  0.2%
ND       240878     39.7%     14.0%    26.2%  15.7%   1.7%   1.2%   0.9%  0.6%
OH      4087546     68.2%      3.8%    16.8%   7.5%   0.4%   2.5%   0.7%  0.2%
OK      1206135     64.4%     10.0%    20.5%   0.1%   0.0%   4.7%   0.2%  0.1%
OR      1103313     24.7%      1.5%    44.6%  11.4%   0.0%  16.9%   0.6%  0.2%
PA      4495966     49.5%      1.7%    14.8%  27.9%   2.9%   2.6%   0.4%  0.2%
RI       377977     40.7%      2.4%     7.9%  47.0%   0.2%   1.4%   0.3%  0.1%
SC      1258044     24.6%      9.2%    46.9%  13.2%   0.1%   5.7%   0.2%  0.2%
SD       259034     43.0%     19.9%    17.8%  13.6%   0.2%   4.2%   0.8%  0.4%
TN      1853725     30.0%      5.5%    50.5%   3.8%   0.9%   9.0%   0.2%  0.1%
TX      6070937     50.4%      7.8%    40.2%   0.1%   0.0%   1.2%   0.1%  0.2%
UT       537273     81.9%      2.3%     9.5%   1.3%   1.3%   3.2%   0.3%  0.1%
VT       210650      8.0%     10.5%     9.1%  54.3%   0.7%  17.0%   0.2%  0.2%
VA      2291830     28.9%      2.6%    40.1%  20.2%   0.8%   6.7%   0.4%  0.3%
WA      1872431     22.4%      1.1%    55.1%   9.9%   0.1%  10.6%   0.6%  0.2%
WV       688557     50.7%      2.8%    25.3%   7.8%   4.0%   9.0%   0.4%  0.1%
WI      1822118     61.0%      8.4%     9.3%  14.6%   0.0%   5.9%   0.6%  0.2%
WY       168839     62.9%      9.0%    16.5%   0.7%   2.2%   7.9%   0.6%  0.2%


      1          9        8          0

                                               Fuel				
                                               oil,
                            Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
       Occupied   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
          units       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     80389673     53.1%      5.6%    18.4%  18.2%   0.6%   3.2%   0.2%  0.7%

AL      1341856     47.7%     17.3%    25.9%   0.5%   0.9%   7.5%   0.1%  0.1%
AK       131463     35.7%      1.4%    14.4%  38.3%   2.3%   7.2%   0.7%  0.1%
AZ       957032     56.8%      4.6%    34.2%   0.2%   0.1%   3.5%   0.1%  0.7%
AR       816065     57.9%     15.8%    15.6%   0.1%   0.0%  10.4%   0.0%  0.1%
CA      8629866     78.7%      2.7%    15.3%   0.3%   0.0%   1.9%   0.1%  0.8%
CO      1061249     81.7%      5.3%     9.5%   0.6%   0.6%   2.0%   0.3%  0.0%
CT      1093678     21.6%      1.2%    10.7%  63.8%   0.2%   2.2%   0.1%  0.1%
DE       207081     28.1%      3.0%    11.3%  55.3%   0.2%   1.8%   0.1%  0.1%
DC       253143     57.4%      1.4%    10.2%  30.0%   0.2%   0.0%   0.6%  0.1%
FL      3744254     11.3%     12.0%    60.5%  11.3%   0.0%   1.3%   0.0%  3.6%
GA      1871652     55.8%     17.0%    19.8%   1.9%   0.2%   5.2%   0.0%  0.1%
HI       294052      4.1%      1.2%     4.5%   0.3%   0.0%   1.1%   0.1% 88.7%
ID       324107     26.7%      3.7%    39.1%  16.3%   2.9%  11.0%   0.3%  0.1%
IL      4045374     80.7%      4.3%     8.4%   5.3%   0.4%   0.5%   0.3%  0.0%
IN      1927050     60.9%      6.3%    16.4%  13.3%   0.5%   2.4%   0.2%  0.0%
IA      1053033     64.8%     14.0%     8.3%  11.0%   0.2%   1.6%   0.2%  0.0%
KS       872239     78.5%      9.7%     9.2%   0.6%   0.0%   1.9%   0.1%  0.0%
KY      1263355     50.7%      7.8%    23.2%   6.6%   5.1%   6.3%   0.2%  0.1%
LA      1411788     69.0%      6.8%    22.2%   0.1%   0.0%   1.6%   0.1%  0.2%
ME       395184      1.5%      1.2%    10.6%  71.3%   0.2%  15.1%   0.1%  0.1%
MD      1460865     46.0%      1.5%    13.8%  36.1%   0.5%   1.8%   0.2%  0.1%
MA      2032717     32.8%      1.2%     9.6%  54.0%   0.2%   2.0%   0.2%  0.1%
MI      3195213     76.1%      3.9%     4.7%  12.8%   0.2%   2.1%   0.2%  0.0%
MN      1445222     59.3%      7.3%     7.0%  22.5%   0.2%   3.0%   0.6%  0.0%
MS       827169     46.0%     21.3%    23.0%   0.2%   0.0%   9.2%   0.1%  0.2%
MO      1793399     65.0%     14.3%    11.7%   3.5%   0.1%   5.2%   0.2%  0.0%
MT       283742     60.9%      7.4%    14.6%   6.7%   1.0%   9.1%   0.2%  0.0%
NE       571400     71.8%     12.0%     9.7%   4.8%   0.1%   1.3%   0.2%  0.0%
NV       304327     47.9%      6.2%    36.2%   6.9%   0.2%   2.4%   0.1%  0.2%
NH       323493     11.8%      2.9%    13.4%  59.8%   0.2%  11.7%   0.1%  0.1%
NJ      2548594     44.2%      0.9%     7.9%  46.0%   0.2%   0.5%   0.2%  0.1%
NM       441466     74.4%     10.5%     8.1%   0.4%   0.2%   6.0%   0.1%  0.3%
NY      6340429     39.3%      1.3%     5.1%  51.9%   0.3%   1.6%   0.6%  0.1%
NC      2043291     16.0%      5.8%    29.3%  40.1%   0.3%   8.2%   0.1%  0.2%
ND       227664     40.3%     11.4%    17.5%  27.9%   2.0%   0.6%   0.2%  0.0%
OH      3833828     71.0%      2.8%    13.0%  10.8%   0.8%   1.4%   0.3%  0.0%
OK      1118561     69.5%      9.6%    16.3%   0.1%   0.0%   4.5%   0.1%  0.1%
OR       991593     22.5%      1.9%    43.8%  18.8%   0.1%  12.5%   0.3%  0.1%
PA      4219606     48.9%      1.0%    10.3%  34.6%   3.5%   1.6%   0.2%  0.1%
RI       338590     32.3%      1.3%     6.9%  57.2%   0.2%   2.0%   0.1%  0.1%
SC      1029981     25.8%     11.5%    31.1%  24.5%   0.4%   6.5%   0.0%  0.2%
SD       242523     41.9%     18.0%    14.5%  22.2%   0.3%   2.9%   0.2%  0.0%
TN      1618505     28.5%      4.9%    49.1%   3.9%   2.4%  11.2%   0.1%  0.1%
TX      4929267     63.4%      8.8%    25.9%   0.1%   0.0%   1.4%   0.1%  0.4%
UT       448603     80.9%      2.4%    10.2%   2.5%   2.2%   1.7%   0.1%  0.0%
VT       178325      6.0%      4.9%    10.1%  61.0%   0.5%  17.4%   0.1%  0.1%
VA      1863073     28.4%      1.7%    26.9%  34.0%   1.7%   7.2%   0.1%  0.1%
WA      1540510     22.1%      1.1%    52.5%  18.6%   0.2%   5.0%   0.3%  0.1%
WV       686311     59.4%      2.5%    18.3%  10.0%   5.3%   4.4%   0.1%  0.1%
WI      1652261     57.2%      7.9%     6.1%  25.8%   0.2%   2.6%   0.2%  0.0%
WY       165624     73.4%      9.6%    11.3%   1.0%   1.8%   2.8%   0.1%  0.0%


      1          9        7          0

                                               Fuel				
                                               oil,
                            Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
       Occupied   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
          units       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     63446641     55.2%      6.0%     7.7%  26.0%   2.9%   1.3%   0.4%  0.6% 

AL      1034113     55.1%     18.6%    13.6%   1.9%   5.2%   5.4%   0.1%  0.1%
AK        79059     26.0%      1.6%     4.8%  56.6%   4.0%   3.7%   3.2%  0.1%
AZ       539157     78.7%      5.0%    12.3%   0.8%   0.1%   2.3%   0.1%  0.8%
AR       615424     64.9%     21.1%     4.5%   0.7%   0.4%   8.2%   0.1%  0.2%
CA      6573861     86.0%      3.1%     8.6%   0.7%   0.0%   0.7%   0.2%  0.7%
CO       690928     84.8%      7.3%     3.5%   1.7%   2.0%   0.2%   0.4%  0.0%
CT       933269     20.6%      1.4%     5.2%  71.9%   0.2%   0.1%   0.4%  0.1%
DE       164804     30.3%      2.1%     4.2%  61.5%   1.0%   0.4%   0.4%  0.1%
DC       262538     52.3%      1.8%     5.8%  34.9%   3.8%   0.0%   1.2%  0.1%
FL      2284786     15.4%     17.7%    32.3%  29.2%   0.0%   1.0%   0.1%  4.2%
GA      1369225     59.1%     18.3%    10.7%   5.0%   1.8%   4.9%   0.2%  0.1%
HI       203088      0.4%      0.2%     3.0%   0.3%   0.1%   1.0%   0.0% 95.0%
ID       218960     32.2%      5.4%     9.8%  40.2%   9.4%   2.5%   0.6%  0.0%
IL      3502138     70.5%      3.9%     3.0%  14.1%   7.7%   0.1%   0.6%  0.1%
IN      1609494     57.0%      6.0%     5.9%  26.9%   3.4%   0.4%   0.4%  0.1%
IA       896311     62.8%     12.5%     1.9%  20.8%   1.5%   0.2%   0.4%  0.0%
KS       727364     82.2%     12.3%     3.1%   1.6%   0.2%   0.4%   0.2%  0.0%
KY       983665     58.0%      7.9%     8.3%   9.0%  13.7%   2.6%   0.5%  0.1%
LA      1052038     81.7%     10.0%     6.1%   0.5%   0.0%   1.5%   0.1%  0.2%
ME       302923      1.8%      1.4%     1.9%  91.8%   0.8%   2.1%   0.2%  0.0%
MD      1175073     46.8%      1.5%     4.9%  43.8%   1.8%   0.5%   0.6%  0.1%
MA      1759692     28.0%      1.0%     4.1%  65.8%   0.4%   0.1%   0.4%  0.1%
MI      2653059     70.0%      2.6%     2.6%  22.0%   2.2%   0.2%   0.4%  0.0%
MN      1153946     53.9%      6.2%     2.6%  34.3%   1.4%   0.6%   1.0%  0.0%
MS       636724     52.3%     26.6%    11.1%   0.6%   0.8%   8.4%   0.1%  0.1%
MO      1520567     67.8%     16.7%     2.9%   8.7%   0.9%   2.5%   0.4%  0.1%
MT       217304     69.5%      8.5%     3.9%  13.7%   2.1%   1.9%   0.3%  0.0%
NE       473721     71.9%     13.8%     3.2%   9.9%   0.5%   0.2%   0.4%  0.0%
NV       160052     39.0%      9.1%    34.6%  15.8%   0.4%   0.8%   0.2%  0.1%
NH       225378     10.9%      2.5%     4.4%  80.5%   0.6%   0.9%   0.1%  0.1%
NJ      2218182     41.2%      0.8%     3.3%  52.6%   1.3%   0.0%   0.6%  0.1%
NM       289389     78.0%     12.1%     2.6%   1.4%   0.3%   5.2%   0.1%  0.2%
NY      5913861     37.8%      1.1%     1.8%  56.8%   1.4%   0.1%   1.0%  0.1%
NC      1509564     14.9%      4.9%    10.8%  61.9%   3.2%   4.1%   0.2%  0.1%
ND       181613     31.8%     10.9%     3.3%  47.9%   5.2%   0.1%   0.8%  0.0%
OH      3289432     76.5%      2.2%     3.4%  14.1%   3.1%   0.1%   0.5%  0.1%
OK       850803     79.0%     14.0%     5.0%   0.2%   0.1%   1.5%   0.2%  0.0%
OR       691631     23.6%      2.7%    29.8%  37.8%   0.4%   4.7%   0.9%  0.1%
PA      3702304     48.3%      0.8%     3.9%  35.0%  11.2%   0.2%   0.5%  0.1%
RI       291965     27.4%      1.1%     2.7%  67.9%   0.1%   0.1%   0.3%  0.2%
SC       734373     27.0%      9.7%     9.0%  44.6%   3.2%   6.3%   0.1%  0.1%
SD       200807     40.1%     16.2%     3.3%  38.0%   1.4%   0.8%   0.2%  0.0%
TN      1213187     32.6%      5.3%    40.4%   6.3%  10.4%   4.7%   0.1%  0.1%
TX      3433996     78.8%     11.4%     8.2%   0.4%   0.0%   0.7%   0.1%  0.4%
UT       297934     81.8%      3.6%     2.8%   5.0%   6.0%   0.3%   0.4%  0.0%
VT       132098      5.0%      5.3%     5.9%  80.4%   1.7%   1.4%   0.2%  0.0%
VA      1390636     30.4%      1.6%     8.9%  48.6%   6.7%   3.3%   0.4%  0.1%
WA      1105587     23.4%      1.8%    30.4%  40.8%   1.1%   1.6%   0.8%  0.1%
WV       547214     68.8%      2.0%     4.6%   9.2%  14.4%   0.9%   0.1%  0.1%
WI      1328804     49.3%      6.4%     1.9%  39.2%   2.2%   0.5%   0.4%  0.0%
WY       104600     77.0%     12.9%     2.5%   3.4%   3.4%   0.7%   0.1%  0.0%


      1          9          6           0

                                               Fuel				
                                               oil,
                            Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
       Occupied   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
          units       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     53022057     43.1%      5.1%     1.8%  32.4%  12.2%   4.2%   0.4%  0.9%

AL       884078     50.0%     11.2%     3.7%   3.0%  16.4%  14.7%   0.4%  0.6%
AK        57250      0.1%      0.1%     0.2%  71.5%  17.1%   9.2%   1.7%  0.2%
AZ       366578     79.2%      7.1%     2.8%   3.6%   0.3%   4.2%   0.3%  2.5%
AR       523523     54.7%     15.8%     0.7%   1.7%   3.1%  23.1%   0.6%  0.2%
CA      4981577     87.3%      4.3%     2.9%   1.8%   0.2%   1.7%   0.3%  1.6%
CO       529207     75.9%      8.0%     0.3%   5.9%   8.6%   1.0%   0.3%  0.1%
CT       752710     12.8%      1.6%     0.2%  80.2%   4.1%   0.4%   0.3%  0.2%
DE       128582     13.7%      1.9%     0.4%  73.9%   7.1%   2.5%   0.3%  0.1%
DC       252044     35.9%      1.8%     0.4%  42.0%  19.1%   0.0%   0.7%  0.1%
FL      1550361     10.7%     19.7%     9.6%  46.1%   0.3%   4.8%   0.5%  8.2%
GA      1070296     49.8%     10.9%     1.7%   9.9%   9.6%  17.0%   0.5%  0.5%
HI       153012      0.1%      0.1%     1.2%   0.3%   0.1%   0.6%   0.0% 97.6%
ID       193839     10.9%      3.1%     2.9%  50.0%  24.1%   8.2%   0.7%  0.0%
IL      3084638     36.0%      3.8%     0.2%  31.1%  28.0%   0.4%   0.3%  0.1%
IN      1387846     26.1%      4.2%     0.9%  42.3%  24.3%   1.5%   0.5%  0.1%
IA       841340     41.6%      6.2%     0.3%  36.7%  13.5%   1.3%   0.4%  0.0%
KS       672869     76.8%     11.6%     0.3%   5.6%   2.7%   2.6%   0.3%  0.1%
KY       851808     45.6%      4.4%     1.6%   7.7%  35.1%   5.2%   0.2%  0.2%
LA       892334     79.2%     10.5%     0.6%   1.6%   0.2%   6.9%   0.4%  0.5%
ME       280355      2.0%      0.8%     0.2%  81.2%   7.0%   8.4%   0.3%  0.1%
MD       862973     31.6%      1.2%     0.3%  54.5%   9.0%   2.7%   0.4%  0.2%
MA      1534959     15.6%      1.4%     0.1%  75.4%   6.6%   0.3%   0.3%  0.3%
MI      2239068     45.9%      1.8%     0.3%  35.1%  15.2%   1.3%   0.4%  0.0%
MN       991981     39.3%      5.7%     0.1%  42.5%   7.9%   3.3%   1.0%  0.0%
MS       568070     48.7%     17.2%     1.9%   1.2%   4.1%  25.8%   0.6%  0.5%
MO      1359973     51.3%      9.9%     0.4%  17.1%  12.2%   8.8%   0.2%  0.1%
MT       202240     61.0%      5.2%     1.3%  19.0%   6.9%   5.8%   0.6%  0.1%
NE       433374     60.0%      9.2%     0.3%  22.7%   5.5%   1.9%   0.4%  0.1%
NV        91520     26.1%     10.4%    21.9%  33.8%   3.3%   2.9%   0.9%  0.8%
NH       180020      6.3%      2.6%     0.1%  79.7%   7.1%   3.6%   0.3%  0.2%
NJ      1806399     24.7%      1.1%     0.2%  62.9%  10.2%   0.2%   0.3%  0.3%
NM       251187     69.6%     12.1%     0.5%   4.7%   2.5%   9.6%   0.4%  0.6%
NY      5249039     22.8%      1.0%     0.2%  65.2%   9.4%   0.5%   0.6%  0.3%
NC      1204682      5.0%      2.6%     0.8%  56.3%  16.5%  18.4%   0.3%  0.2%
ND       173362     17.5%      5.7%     0.1%  51.3%  23.9%   0.7%   0.6%  0.1%
OH      2852533     67.3%      1.6%     0.4%  15.2%  14.8%   0.4%   0.3%  0.1%
OK       734516     77.3%     15.4%     0.3%   0.9%   1.1%   4.4%   0.3%  0.3%
OR       558144     10.5%      2.4%    14.1%  54.6%   1.4%  15.1%   1.9%  0.1%
PA      3350716     37.0%      0.8%     0.2%  31.0%  29.8%   0.5%   0.5%  0.2%
RI       257318     16.3%      1.8%     0.1%  78.3%   2.7%   0.4%   0.2%  0.3%
SC       603527      9.8%      5.2%     0.6%  47.3%  14.6%  21.6%   0.4%  0.4%
SD       194821     28.2%      9.8%     0.5%  48.5%   9.9%   2.5%   0.5%  0.1%
TN      1003301     28.0%      3.4%    19.8%   7.6%  30.1%  10.8%   0.2%  0.2%
TX      2778201     78.6%     13.9%     0.8%   1.7%   0.1%   3.5%   0.2%  1.1%
UT       241532     69.4%      2.2%     0.4%  10.3%  16.9%   0.5%   0.2%  0.0%
VT       110732      0.5%      1.9%     0.2%  77.3%  12.3%   7.5%   0.2%  0.0%
VA      1072828     17.9%      1.2%     0.8%  46.2%  21.6%  11.9%   0.3%  0.2%
WA       894163      7.7%      1.2%    11.7%  65.2%   5.7%   7.1%   1.2%  0.1%
WV       521142     61.8%      1.1%     0.6%   4.0%  30.1%   2.1%   0.2%  0.2%
WI      1146302     22.3%      4.0%     0.2%  51.6%  18.0%   3.5%   0.4%  0.0%
WY        99187     68.8%     10.1%     0.2%   8.3%  10.8%   1.4%   0.2%  0.1%


      1          9          5           0

       Occupied                                Fuel				
          units                                 oil,
      reporting             Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
        heating   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
           fuel       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     41828850     26.6%      2.3%     0.7%  22.6%  34.6%  10.0%   1.8%  1.4%                                                                                                      100.0%

AL       767990     20.1%      3.5%     1.4%   6.8%  32.4%  33.9%   1.2%  0.7%
AK        27579       NA        NA      0.4%  64.5%  12.6%  21.9%   0.4%  0.2%
AZ       200680     56.7%      8.6%     2.0%  12.5%   1.3%  13.1%   2.1%  3.8%
AR       504390     33.3%      6.6%     0.3%   8.3%   7.5%  41.7%   1.1%  1.2%
CA      3272685     81.2%      4.0%     1.7%   5.6%   0.9%   3.3%   1.6%  1.7%
CO       385140     47.3%      3.7%     0.3%  12.9%  32.1%   2.1%   1.3%  0.3%
CT       558690      6.5%      0.7%     0.1%  59.2%  27.9%   1.9%   2.1%  1.7%
DE        89245      5.9%      1.4%     0.1%  47.1%  35.4%   7.5%   2.0%  0.6%
DC       217810     27.8%      0.3%     0.1%  28.4%  40.4%   0.6%   2.0%  0.3%
FL       796810      7.8%      5.8%     4.1%  35.6%   1.4%  20.5%   4.6% 20.2%
GA       864570     20.6%      3.0%     1.1%  12.0%  24.0%  36.4%   1.6%  1.3%
HI           NA       NA        NA       NA     NA     NA     NA     NA    NA
ID       165620      0.3%      1.3%     1.6%  34.0%  43.6%  14.8%   4.3%  0.2%
IL      2532670     12.4%      0.8%     0.1%  20.8%  62.3%   1.4%   1.7%  0.6%
IN      1151425      7.3%      1.0%     0.3%  21.0%  64.9%   3.8%   1.6%  0.3%
IA       767875     12.5%      2.0%     0.3%  32.2%  46.3%   4.6%   1.9%  0.2%
KS       573470     60.6%      5.3%     0.2%  10.0%  16.1%   6.1%   1.5%  0.2%
KY       760350     21.9%      1.0%     0.5%   4.5%  59.5%  11.0%   0.8%  0.7%
LA       692660     57.6%      9.4%     0.2%   9.0%   1.1%  19.6%   1.8%  1.3%
ME       250465      1.5%      0.7%     0.2%  50.0%  19.9%  24.2%   2.2%  1.3%
MD       626030     12.1%      0.7%     0.2%  45.9%  31.5%   6.9%   2.2%  0.6%
MA      1284185      7.6%      0.5%     0.1%  51.9%  34.7%   1.4%   2.1%  1.7%
MI      1757680     18.8%      0.5%     0.3%  24.4%  49.7%   4.2%   2.0%  0.1%
MN       829675     15.4%      1.4%     0.2%  39.0%  31.8%   9.7%   2.2%  0.3%
MS       535335     27.1%      7.5%     0.9%   4.1%   8.4%  49.7%   0.8%  1.4%
MO      1162305     24.5%      2.0%     0.2%  15.8%  40.1%  15.4%   1.5%  0.3%
MT       171940     43.1%      1.6%     0.7%  21.0%  20.5%  11.3%   1.7%  0.1%
NE       379375     29.4%      3.4%     0.4%  28.3%  30.0%   5.7%   2.5%  0.4%
NV        48410      2.2%      4.8%    17.5%  43.7%  15.7%   7.6%   7.9%  0.6%
NH       153435      1.8%      0.8%     0.1%  56.2%  24.8%  14.0%   1.7%  0.6%
NJ      1355525      9.4%      0.4%     0.1%  43.9%  42.4%   1.0%   1.6%  1.3%
NM       166385     51.3%      9.8%     0.5%   6.3%   8.8%  19.2%   1.3%  2.9%
NY      4202930     19.3%      0.5%     0.1%  32.9%  41.8%   1.8%   1.9%  1.8%
NC       969970      0.7%      1.0%     0.9%  28.0%  29.0%  36.3%   2.5%  1.6%
ND       159240      7.2%      2.2%     0.4%  30.2%  55.2%   1.9%   2.6%  0.2%
OH      2272565     34.2%      0.5%     0.2%   8.7%  53.8%   1.3%   1.2%  0.2%
OK       632585     68.4%      8.2%     0.2%   4.9%   5.5%  11.2%   0.9%  0.8%
OR       470820      5.9%      1.6%     3.3%  47.2%   5.8%  30.0%   6.0%  0.2%
PA      2863630     20.3%      0.4%     0.1%  14.8%  60.3%   1.7%   1.6%  0.8%
RI       223035      6.8%      0.5%     0.1%  63.6%  23.7%   1.1%   2.4%  1.8%
SC       502505      2.0%      1.9%     1.0%  26.2%  26.1%  39.5%   1.8%  1.5%
SD       179565     12.2%      5.3%     0.3%  36.6%  37.0%   5.8%   2.5%  0.2%
TN       851255     13.7%      0.6%     3.8%   8.6%  49.3%  21.5%   2.2%  0.3%
TX      2101135     65.1%     10.7%     0.5%   7.5%   0.7%  11.6%   1.5%  2.3%
UT       185755     34.6%      0.6%     0.4%   9.3%  51.1%   1.1%   2.3%  0.5%
VT       101975      0.5%      0.6%     0.1%  43.4%  30.9%  22.9%   1.5%  0.2%
VA       826700      4.7%      0.6%     0.4%  28.6%  40.0%  22.8%   1.9%  1.0%
WA       717830      2.2%      0.6%     2.7%  56.7%  17.1%  16.5%   4.1%  0.2%
WV       506180     48.0%      0.3%     0.4%   1.3%  43.8%   5.0%   0.6%  0.5%
WI       955640      4.3%      0.9%     0.2%  31.0%  49.3%  12.3%   1.8%  0.2%
WY        82710     51.9%      4.6%     0.3%  11.9%  26.3%   3.7%   1.1%  0.2%

Alaska and Hawaii are not included in 1950 U.S. total.
Electricity was tallied only for "Noncentral" heating systems in 1950.


      1          9          4           0

       Occupied                                Fuel				
          units                                 oil,
      reporting             Bottled,           kero-   Coal                No
        heating   Utility   tank, or  Elec-    sene,   or          Other  fuel
           fuel       gas     LP gas  tricity  etc.    coke  Wood   fuel  used

US     33884379     11.3%       NA       NA   10.0%  54.7%  22.8%   0.4%  0.8% 

AL       647049      3.2%       NA       NA    0.5%  39.7%  56.4%   0.1%  0.1%
AK           NA       NA        NA       NA     NA     NA     NA     NA    NA
AZ       124427     20.7%       NA       NA   19.4%   5.0%  44.1%   0.7% 10.1%
AR       481733     14.7%       NA       NA    1.0%   6.4%  77.8%   0.1%  0.1%
CA      2061330     67.1%       NA       NA    7.8%   1.9%  18.0%   1.1%  4.1%
CO       306640      7.5%       NA       NA    2.5%  82.4%   6.1%   0.2%  1.2%
CT       435310      1.1%       NA       NA   42.0%  49.0%   7.0%   0.4%  0.5%
DE        69376      0.8%       NA       NA   23.5%  56.6%  19.0%   0.1%  0.1%
DC       169424     10.8%       NA       NA   23.0%  65.5%   0.6%   0.1%  0.1%
FL       494513      3.1%       NA       NA   21.7%   3.6%  55.3%   1.2% 15.2%
GA       726786      4.2%       NA       NA    1.4%  39.1%  55.1%   0.1%  0.1%
HI           NA       NA        NA       NA     NA     NA     NA     NA    NA
ID       136597      0.1%       NA       NA    3.6%  54.1%  39.7%   1.0%  1.5%
IL      2149768      2.2%       NA       NA    7.6%  86.5%   3.6%   0.2%  0.0%
IN       944385      0.9%       NA       NA    2.2%  87.6%   9.0%   0.3%  0.0%
IA       689991      2.5%       NA       NA    8.9%  71.4%  16.7%   0.5%  0.1%
KS       501320     27.6%       NA       NA    3.7%  40.7%  27.7%   0.2%  0.1%
KY       684791      5.9%       NA       NA    0.3%  72.4%  21.3%   0.1%  0.0%
LA       576656     29.2%       NA       NA    7.4%   7.3%  55.6%   0.2%  0.3%
ME       213610      0.2%       NA       NA   16.5%  29.1%  53.1%   0.4%  0.7%
MD       453567      2.5%       NA       NA   24.0%  58.3%  15.1%   0.2%  0.1%
MA      1085928      1.2%       NA       NA   36.9%  56.5%   4.6%   0.4%  0.5%
MI      1373547      3.8%       NA       NA    6.7%  79.8%   9.5%   0.1%  0.1%
MN       713696      3.1%       NA       NA   16.6%  51.2%  28.0%   0.9%  0.1%
MS       514676      9.4%       NA       NA    0.6%  10.8%  79.1%   0.1%  0.1%
MO      1049033      4.7%       NA       NA    3.5%  61.7%  29.9%   0.1%  0.1%
MT       155713     25.6%       NA       NA    3.6%  45.8%  24.1%   0.3%  0.6%
NE       355521      7.0%       NA       NA    9.1%  55.6%  27.6%   0.6%  0.2%
NV        31518      0.7%       NA       NA   30.3%  34.2%  29.0%   2.9%  3.0%
NH       129680      0.4%       NA       NA   28.0%  34.8%  36.2%   0.3%  0.3%
NJ      1072732      1.4%       NA       NA   24.7%  71.0%   2.6%   0.2%  0.1%
NM       123512     20.9%       NA       NA    5.4%  23.7%  46.4%   0.2%  3.4%
NY      3506754      3.0%       NA       NA   18.6%  73.7%   4.2%   0.4%  0.1%
NC       768421      0.1%       NA       NA    3.1%  42.5%  54.1%   0.1%  0.1%
ND       148511      2.7%       NA       NA    4.4%  85.4%   6.9%   0.5%  0.1%
OH      1867501      7.4%       NA       NA    1.0%  88.5%   3.0%   0.1%  0.0%
OK       583964     45.1%       NA       NA    2.1%  12.6%  39.9%   0.2%  0.2%
OR       327047      2.4%       NA       NA   15.0%   4.2%  73.3%   3.8%  1.2%
PA      2462297      4.4%       NA       NA    5.9%  86.2%   3.0%   0.4%  0.2%
RI       185593      1.2%       NA       NA   45.8%  48.2%   4.2%   0.5%  0.1%
SC       424333      0.2%       NA       NA    4.5%  36.3%  58.8%   0.1%  0.2%
SD       161354      5.3%       NA       NA    8.6%  65.6%  20.0%   0.3%  0.2%
TN       702130      3.3%       NA       NA    0.5%  56.3%  39.7%   0.1%  0.1%
TX      1597833     43.1%       NA       NA    5.4%   2.8%  46.6%   0.3%  1.9%
UT       137114      9.4%       NA       NA    0.6%  82.9%   6.2%   0.1%  0.8%
VT        90665      0.1%       NA       NA   15.5%  36.1%  47.9%   0.2%  0.2%
VA       616182      0.4%       NA       NA    7.9%  51.0%  40.5%   0.1%  0.1%
WA       518760      0.8%       NA       NA   22.3%  20.1%  52.8%   2.1%  1.8%
WV       430909     29.9%       NA       NA    0.1%  59.7%  10.2%   0.1%  0.0%
WI       814247      0.5%       NA       NA    9.5%  62.8%  27.0%   0.2%  0.1%
WY        67935     26.0%       NA       NA    3.2%  58.5%  11.0%   0.3%  0.9%

Utility gas and Bottled gas were combined in 1940.
Electricity was collected separately, but not tabulated.



Contact the Physical and Social Characteristics Branch at 301-763-3237 or visit ask.census.gov for further information.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011