Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content

Census of Housing




Historical Census of Housing Tables

Recent Movers

The Census Bureau has collected “Year Householder Moved Into Unit” in the decennial census since 1960.  Recent movers include those who moved in the 15 months prior to the decennial census.  Many analysts use this item to measure transiency and neighborhood stability.

Census data show that many households in the United States change their residences, especially those who rent.  Mobility rates remained fairly consistent over time, ranging from 38 to 42 percent for renters and 9 to 12 percent for owners (see graph).

Individual states over the decades have generally shown consistent patterns.  The most mobile people were usually located in the Rocky Mountain states, especially Nevada, Arizona, and Colorado.  Those least likely to have been recent movers lived in the Northeast, such as New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.


             2             0           0              0

                  Owner-occupied housing units      Renter-occupied housing units
                               Recent movers                        Recent movers
                     Total     Number  Percent         Total       Number  Percent

United States   69,816,513   7,186,387   10.3%    35,663,588    13,854,703   38.8%

Alabama          1,258,686     128,892   10.2%       478,394       200,135   41.8%
Alaska             138,503      16,514   11.9%        83,097        40,766   49.1%
Arizona          1,293,637     198,865   15.4%       607,690       310,894   51.2%
Arkansas           723,458      79,610   11.0%       319,238       145,271   45.5%
California       6,546,237     724,512   11.1%     4,956,633     1,731,914   34.9%
Colorado         1,116,305     161,590   14.5%       541,933       266,748   49.2%
Connecticut        869,742      77,101    8.9%       431,928       142,361   33.0%
Delaware           216,046      21,758   10.1%        82,690        31,098   37.6%
Dist. of Columbia  101,216      10,638   10.5%       147,122        46,266   31.4%
Florida          4,441,711     554,877   12.5%     1,896,218       865,658   45.7%
Georgia          2,029,293     248,508   12.2%       977,076       439,078   44.9%
Hawaii             227,783      17,131    7.5%       175,457        64,259   36.6%
Idaho              339,913      39,381   11.6%       129,732        65,617   50.6%
Illinois         3,089,124     300,085    9.7%     1,502,655       535,229   35.6%
Indiana          1,669,083     166,190   10.0%       667,223       291,226   43.6%
Iowa               831,427      76,792    9.2%       317,849       129,102   40.6%
Kansas             718,873      74,408   10.4%       319,018       146,819   46.0%
Kentucky         1,125,298     114,052   10.1%       465,349       200,136   43.0%
Louisiana        1,124,995     102,551    9.1%       531,058       207,112   39.0%
Maine              370,920      31,954    8.6%       147,280        57,280   38.9%
Maryland         1,341,594     125,646    9.4%       639,265       230,787   36.1%
Massachusetts    1,508,248     123,972    8.2%       935,332       276,346   29.5%
Michigan         2,793,346     269,746    9.7%       992,315       391,884   39.5%
Minnesota        1,412,724     136,547    9.7%       482,403       197,357   40.9%
Mississippi        757,151      74,473    9.8%       289,283       120,825   41.8%
Missouri         1,542,310     162,121   10.5%       652,284       276,775   42.4%
Montana            247,700      26,441   10.7%       110,967        50,072   45.1%
Nebraska           449,306      41,370    9.2%       216,878        92,336   42.6%
Nevada             457,245      77,515   17.0%       293,920       150,804   51.3%
New Hampshire      330,783      34,795   10.5%       143,823        50,681   35.2%
New Jersey       2,011,298     176,283    8.8%     1,053,347       302,432   28.7%
New Mexico         474,435      52,256   11.0%       203,536        97,651   48.0%
New York         3,739,247     281,116    7.5%     3,317,613       775,490   23.4%
North Carolina   2,172,270     237,910   11.0%       959,743       414,835   43.2%
North Dakota       171,310      14,421    8.4%        85,842        35,746   41.6%
Ohio             3,072,514     261,334    8.5%     1,373,259       533,443   38.8%
Oklahoma           918,141      99,264   10.8%       424,152       204,554   48.2%
Oregon             856,890      96,730   11.3%       476,833       224,446   47.1%
Pennsylvania     3,406,167     240,871    7.1%     1,370,836       455,408   33.2%
Rhode Island       245,150      20,106    8.2%       163,274        52,498   32.2%
South Carolina   1,107,619     119,011   10.7%       426,235       182,545   42.8%
South Dakota       197,907      19,253    9.7%        92,338        37,538   40.7%
Tennessee        1,561,461     165,829   10.6%       671,444       295,372   44.0%
Texas            4,717,294     572,323   12.1%     2,676,060     1,270,408   47.5%
Utah               501,659      60,669   12.1%       199,622       107,806   54.0%
Vermont            169,777      14,675    8.6%        70,857        26,473   37.4%
Virginia         1,837,958     190,375   10.4%       861,215       358,575   41.6%
Washington       1,466,985     163,297   11.1%       804,413       367,767   45.7%
West Virginia      553,626      42,905    7.7%       182,855        69,745   38.1%
Wisconsin        1,426,660     124,145    8.7%       657,884       258,764   39.3%
Wyoming            135,488      15,579   11.5%        58,120        28,371   48.8%



           1          9          9          0

      Owner-occupied housing units   Renter-occupied housing units

         Total       Recent movers       Total       Recent movers
                                      
                   Number  Percent                 Number  Percent

US   59,031,378 5,524,646     9.4%   32,916,032 13,683,377   41.6%

AL    1,062,148    94,392     8.9%      444,642   193,206    43.5%
AK      106,000    14,021    13.2%       82,915    48,280    58.2%
AZ      879,000   111,776    12.7%      489,843   281,606    57.5%
AR      620,077    59,099     9.5%      271,102   128,116    47.3%
CA    5,774,899   692,531    12.0%    4,606,307 1,964,992    42.7%
CO      798,607    90,439    11.3%      483,882   260,341    53.8%
CT      807,559    55,386     6.9%      422,920   149,844    35.4%
DE      173,874    17,540    10.1%       73,623    29,387    39.9%
DC       97,085     7,955     8.2%      152,549    43,588    28.6%
FL    3,453,022   419,333    12.1%    1,681,847   836,565    49.7%
GA    1,536,829   161,378    10.5%      829,786   403,053    48.6%
HI      191,894    18,553     9.7%      164,373    63,987    38.9%
ID      252,687    29,644    11.7%      108,036    57,500    53.2%
IL    2,699,121   240,244     8.9%    1,503,119   549,742    36.6%
IN    1,450,899   129,867     9.0%      614,456   265,117    43.1%
IA      745,371    61,632     8.3%      318,954   131,440    41.2%
KS      641,760    57,934     9.0%      302,966   148,580    49.0%
KY      960,508    87,158     9.1%      419,274   179,621    42.8%
LA      988,012    74,763     7.6%      511,257   226,113    44.2%
ME      327,928    26,142     8.0%      137,384    57,851    42.1%
MD    1,137,307   111,628     9.8%      611,684   226,687    37.1%
MA    1,331,533    86,419     6.5%      915,577   300,682    32.8%
MI    2,427,472   214,631     8.8%      991,859   405,540    40.9%
MN    1,183,738   107,678     9.1%      464,115   211,542    45.6%
MS      651,612    56,125     8.6%      259,762   113,331    43.6%
MO    1,348,733   121,707     9.0%      612,473   272,166    44.4%
MT      205,938    20,847    10.1%      100,225    48,715    48.6%
NE      400,416    32,282     8.1%      201,947    87,641    43.4%
NV      255,490    46,877    18.3%      210,807   117,526    55.8%
NH      280,415    23,488     8.4%      130,771    56,845    43.5%
NJ    1,813,646   130,752     7.2%      981,065   294,354    30.0%
NM      365,913    38,883    10.6%      176,796    90,472    51.2%
NY    3,466,277   238,588     6.9%    3,173,045   752,403    23.7%
NC    1,711,882   157,999     9.2%      805,144   351,666    43.7%
ND      157,950    12,609     8.0%       82,928    36,142    43.6%
OH    2,758,131   220,177     8.0%    1,329,415   516,047    38.8%
OK      821,299    75,988     9.3%      384,836   206,586    53.7%
OR      695,957    85,284    12.3%      407,356   193,778    47.6%
PA    3,176,693   206,055     6.5%    1,319,273   431,029    32.7%
RI      224,829    16,095     7.2%      153,148    52,451    34.2%
SC      878,824    80,821     9.2%      379,220   167,826    44.3%
SD      171,148    15,550     9.1%       87,886    36,722    41.8%
TN    1,261,048   121,376     9.6%      592,677   271,106    45.7%
TX    3,695,184   358,900     9.7%    2,375,753 1,262,940    53.2%
UT      366,010    36,759    10.0%      171,263    95,568    55.8%
VT      145,368    13,692     9.4%       65,282    28,165    43.1%
VA    1,519,644   158,203    10.4%      772,186   342,819    44.4%
WA    1,171,714   141,715    12.1%      700,717   350,308    50.0%
WV      510,058    35,078     6.9%      178,499    70,482    39.5%
WI    1,215,324    96,138     7.9%      606,794   243,222    40.1%
WY      114,545    12,515    10.9%       54,294    29,687    54.7%



           1          9          8          0

      Owner-occupied housing units   Renter-occupied housing units

         Total       Recent movers       Total       Recent movers
                                      
                   Number  Percent                 Number  Percent

US   51,796,395 6,126,736    11.8%   28,593,278 12,135,188   42.4%

AL      941,237   107,051    11.4%      400,619   172,676    43.1%
AK       76,659    16,515    21.5%       54,804    34,282    62.6%
AZ      653,825   129,331    19.8%      303,207   181,532    59.9%
AR      575,469    74,323    12.9%      240,596   114,034    47.4%
CA    4,825,384   689,490    14.3%    3,804,482 1,725,854    45.4%
CO      684,417   127,991    18.7%      376,832   222,747    59.1%
CT      699,259    61,216     8.8%      394,419   136,666    34.6%
DE      143,077    15,367    10.7%       64,004    28,272    44.2%
DC       89,828     8,371     9.3%      163,315    42,438    26.0%
FL    2,557,184   423,699    16.6%    1,187,070   580,025    48.9%
GA    1,216,432   154,308    12.7%      655,220   292,824    44.7%
HI      151,916    19,292    12.7%      142,136    59,549    41.9%
ID      233,388    37,781    16.2%       90,719    55,704    61.4%
IL    2,534,762   260,079    10.3%    1,510,612   572,902    37.9%
IN    1,381,924   150,696    10.9%      545,126   253,619    46.5%
IA      756,521    80,934    10.7%      296,512   135,468    45.7%
KS      612,433    75,453    12.3%      259,806   133,767    51.5%
KY      884,869    98,999    11.2%      378,486   168,278    44.5%
LA      925,168   115,337    12.5%      486,620   211,905    43.5%
ME      280,380    27,092     9.7%      114,804    52,453    45.7%
MD      905,667    91,633    10.1%      555,198   209,233    37.7%
MA    1,169,807    91,442     7.8%      862,910   279,335    32.4%
MI    2,321,972   248,609    10.7%      873,241   389,023    44.5%
MN    1,035,738   117,894    11.4%      409,484   197,806    48.3%
MS      587,712    68,030    11.6%      239,457   101,028    42.2%
MO    1,248,801   140,088    11.2%      544,598   241,132    44.3%
MT      194,580    29,942    15.4%       89,162    48,945    54.9%
NE      390,924    46,139    11.8%      180,476    84,788    47.0%
NV      181,255    39,347    21.7%      123,072    75,462    61.3%
NH      218,840    25,362    11.6%      104,653    45,934    43.9%
NJ    1,580,120   132,668     8.4%      968,474   293,653    30.3%
NM      300,568    50,431    16.8%      140,898    79,732    56.6%
NY    3,083,170   243,174     7.9%    3,257,259   838,562    25.7%
NC    1,397,426   153,592    11.0%      645,865   267,444    41.4%
ND      156,515    20,431    13.1%       71,149    35,560    50.0%
OH    2,623,022   258,496     9.9%    1,210,806   514,468    42.5%
OK      790,606   113,301    14.3%      327,955   182,397    55.6%
OR      645,952    99,789    15.4%      345,641   195,490    56.6%
PA    2,950,662   227,398     7.7%    1,268,944   438,330    34.5%
RI      199,075    17,518     8.8%      139,515    48,893    35.0%
SC      722,559    82,959    11.5%      307,422   129,598    42.2%
SD      168,002    21,150    12.6%       74,521    35,775    48.0%
TN    1,110,083   126,387    11.4%      508,422   229,282    45.1%
TX    3,169,588   455,887    14.4%    1,759,679   978,406    55.6%
UT      317,207    48,324    15.2%      131,396    80,887    61.6%
VT      122,560    13,200    10.8%       55,765    25,254    45.3%
VA    1,221,590   149,503    12.2%      641,483   284,982    44.4%
WA    1,011,322   153,835    15.2%      529,188   292,773    55.3%
WV      504,921    51,976    10.3%      181,390    71,406    39.4%
WI    1,127,367   108,967     9.7%      524,894   233,846    44.6%
WY      114,652    25,939    22.6%       50,972    30,769    60.4%



           1          9          7          0

      Owner-occupied housing units   Renter-occupied housing units

         Total       Recent movers       Total       Recent movers
                                      
                   Number  Percent                 Number  Percent

US   39,885,092 4,288,403    10.8%   23,559,658 9,372,311    39.8%

AL      689,390    77,673    11.3%      344,723   139,722    40.5%
AK       39,730     9,261    23.3%       39,329    24,278    61.7%
AZ      352,104    68,575    19.5%      187,053   104,735    56.0%
AR      410,437    49,915    12.2%      204,987    92,675    45.2%
CA    3,611,630   454,154    12.6%    2,959,875 1,423,712    48.1%
CO      438,133    65,838    15.0%      252,795   139,989    55.4%
CT      583,410    45,484     7.8%      349,640   113,724    32.5%
DE      112,050    11,642    10.4%       52,754    21,938    41.6%
DC       74,040     5,449     7.4%      188,498    57,726    30.6%
FL    1,566,948   259,881    16.6%      717,834   356,088    49.6%
GA      836,511   113,538    13.6%      532,714   229,801    43.1%
HI       95,249    12,057    12.7%      107,840    48,195    44.7%
ID      153,587    21,018    13.7%       65,373    36,021    55.1%
IL    2,080,907   198,598     9.5%    1,419,876   491,413    34.6%
IN    1,153,240   121,896    10.6%      456,203   205,842    45.1%
IA      642,662    62,690     9.8%      253,649   107,431    42.4%
KS      502,578    51,957    10.3%      224,786   112,195    49.9%
KY      657,993    69,239    10.5%      325,672   140,110    43.0%
LA      663,833    69,609    10.5%      388,262   154,368    39.8%
ME      212,212    20,307     9.6%       90,711    35,726    39.4%
MD      690,246    61,833     9.0%      484,480   185,693    38.3%
MA    1,012,000    75,726     7.5%      747,557   228,988    30.6%
MI    1,974,736   211,246    10.7%      678,319   304,067    44.8%
MN      824,595    80,597     9.8%      329,351   150,385    45.7%
MS      421,915    50,700    12.0%      214,852    84,271    39.2%
MO    1,021,168   112,936    11.1%      499,399   213,077    42.7%
MT      142,774    16,969    11.9%       74,530    38,330    51.4%
NE      314,315    31,914    10.2%      158,992    68,570    43.1%
NV       93,682    19,716    21.0%       66,370    39,188    59.0%
NH      153,774    17,245    11.2%       71,604    27,872    38.9%
NJ    1,350,052   115,895     8.6%      868,130   252,063    29.0%
NM      192,235    26,898    14.0%       97,154    54,070    55.7%
NY    2,795,566   221,625     7.9%    3,118,183   688,211    22.1%
NC      987,063   107,988    10.9%      522,501   204,290    39.1%
ND      124,231    11,204     9.0%       57,382    26,688    46.5%
OH    2,225,854   214,006     9.6%    1,063,519   429,315    40.4%
OK      588,868    73,920    12.6%      261,935   143,282    54.7%
OR      457,024    62,240    13.6%      234,607   129,213    55.1%
PA    2,549,001   178,394     7.0%    1,156,409   356,125    30.8%
RI      169,392    12,330     7.3%      123,196    37,154    30.2%
SC      485,412    60,803    12.5%      248,946    96,140    38.6%
SD      139,687    13,029     9.3%       61,120    25,829    42.3%
TN      809,159    89,061    11.0%      403,802   173,805    43.0%
TX    2,222,060   287,036    12.9%    1,211,513   639,081    52.8%
UT      206,655    21,961    10.6%       91,279    50,868    55.7%
VT       91,285    10,440    11.4%       40,813    16,145    39.6%
VA      863,071    91,339    10.6%      527,564   224,040    42.5%
WA      738,251    97,624    13.2%      367,336   207,922    56.6%
WV      376,785    34,374     9.1%      170,429    61,881    36.3%
WI      918,152    80,790     8.8%      410,652   161,633    39.4%
WY       69,440     9,783    14.1%       35,160    18,426    52.4%



           1          9          6          0

      Owner-occupied housing units   Renter-occupied housing units

         Total       Recent movers       Total       Recent movers
                                      
                   Number  Percent                 Number  Percent

US   32,796,720 4,011,702    12.2%   20,227,155 7,774,224    38.4%

AL      528,031    68,410    13.0%      356,085   146,122    41.0%
AK       27,679     7,154    25.8%       29,571    19,426    65.7%
AZ      234,347    56,365    24.1%      132,283    77,858    58.9%
AR      321,219    40,979    12.8%      202,333    92,347    45.6%
CA    2,910,093   505,113    17.4%    2,072,015 1,057,790    51.1%
CO      337,565    55,138    16.3%      191,854   100,227    52.2%
CT      465,672    46,071     9.9%      287,064    85,526    29.8%
DE       85,971    10,669    12.4%       42,611    16,516    38.8%
DC       75,532     6,862     9.1%      176,534    61,700    35.0%
FL    1,047,217   219,797    21.0%      503,197   264,896    52.6%
GA      601,631    81,005    13.5%      468,694   191,363    40.8%
HI       62,937     8,628    13.7%       90,127    38,576    42.8%
ID      136,746    21,675    15.9%       57,093    31,242    54.7%
IL    1,782,127   195,937    11.0%    1,302,844   442,910    34.0%
IN      986,098   111,341    11.3%      401,780   171,177    42.6%
IA      581,352    63,332    10.9%      260,005    96,396    37.1%
KS      463,350    55,246    11.9%      209,549    96,945    46.3%
KY      547,750    63,020    11.5%      304,117   127,070    41.8%
LA      526,366    66,463    12.6%      365,978   140,975    38.5%
ME      186,379    17,466     9.4%       93,976    34,514    36.7%
MD      556,391    62,495    11.2%      306,610   115,332    37.6%
MA      857,436    76,397     8.9%      677,549   177,384    26.2%
MI    1,665,603   172,611    10.4%      573,476   248,824    43.4%
MN      714,960    75,393    10.5%      277,021   109,967    39.7%
MS      327,894    39,302    12.0%      240,176    93,277    38.8%
MO      874,532   109,526    12.5%      485,522   196,807    40.5%
MT      129,399    17,687    13.7%       72,841    36,083    49.5%
NE      280,867    31,209    11.1%      152,581    59,242    38.8%
NV       51,491    12,664    24.6%       40,029    24,150    60.3%
NH      117,232    12,184    10.4%       62,788    20,354    32.4%
NJ    1,107,841   111,670    10.1%      698,598   195,904    28.0%
NM      163,926    33,098    20.2%       87,283    51,716    59.3%
NY    2,350,265   218,555     9.3%    2,898,445   651,574    22.5%
NC      724,631    80,656    11.1%      480,084   188,583    39.3%
ND      118,566    12,743    10.7%       54,796    21,697    39.6%
OH    1,922,686   216,276    11.2%      929,871   376,688    40.5%
OK      492,263    66,494    13.5%      242,330   122,124    50.4%
OR      386,608    58,559    15.1%      171,606    90,252    52.6%
PA    2,289,741   178,300     7.8%    1,061,098   314,444    29.6%
RI      140,336    12,150     8.7%      116,999    31,211    26.7%
SC      345,756    41,203    11.9%      257,795    95,905    37.2%
SD      130,864    15,309    11.7%       63,957    24,357    38.1%
TN      639,600    78,386    12.3%      363,701   153,468    42.2%
TX    1,799,477   269,446    15.0%      978,639   495,833    50.7%
UT      173,296    23,324    13.5%       68,236    36,176    53.0%
VT       73,115     6,804     9.3%       37,617    12,754    33.9%
VA      658,078    79,367    12.1%      414,762   167,798    40.5%
WA      612,443    84,899    13.9%      281,725   147,858    52.5%
WV      335,068    29,586     8.8%      186,074    66,930    36.0%
WI      786,617    73,702     9.4%      359,725   133,663    37.2%
WY       61,676    11,036    17.9%       37,511    20,293    54.1%



Contact the Physical and Social Characteristics Branch at 301-763-3237 or visit ask.census.gov for further information.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011