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Census of Housing




Historical Census of Housing Tables

Telephones

The percent of homes without a telephone dropped to only 2.4 percent in 2000, compared with 5.2 percent in 1990.  Increased cell phone usage probably played a major role in this dramatic change.  In 1960, about 1-in-5 households had no telephone available.  Two decades later in 1980, the rate of households without a phone had dropped to single digits, at 7 percent.

It was a different picture for several southern states in 1960, when over 40 percent of their homes had no telephone available; for example, Mississippi recorded a rate of 55 percent.  By 2000, those rates had dropped to less than 10 percent, with Mississippi now at 6.5 percent.

When examining the relevant tables, bear in mind that in 2000, the decennial census collected information on the extent to which households had access to telephone service.  In 1980 and 1990, the data refer to the presence of a telephone in the housing unit; 1970 and 1960 data refer to telephone available (it did not have to be in the actual unit), which is less restrictive.

 

     2           0           0           0        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Telephone in unit

 

No telephone in unit

 

Number

Percent

United States

102,909,396

2,570,705

2.4%

 

 

 

 

Alabama

1,663,523

73,557

4.2%

Alaska

214,916

6,684

3.0%

Arizona

1,831,006

70,321

3.7%

Arkansas

985,949

56,747

5.4%

California

11,334,841

168,029

1.5%

Colorado

1,635,361

22,877

1.4%

Connecticut

1,287,275

14,395

1.1%

Delaware

294,689

4,047

1.4%

District of Columbia

242,054

6,284

2.5%

Florida

6,198,038

139,891

2.2%

Georgia

2,910,229

96,140

3.2%

Hawaii

394,980

8,260

2.0%

Idaho

460,548

9,097

1.9%

Illinois

4,452,851

138,928

3.0%

Indiana

2,267,731

68,575

2.9%

Iowa

1,129,539

19,737

1.7%

Kansas

1,008,615

29,276

2.8%

Kentucky

1,516,035

74,612

4.7%

Louisiana

1,586,565

69,488

4.2%

Maine

511,364

6,836

1.3%

Maryland

1,948,858

32,001

1.6%

Massachusetts

2,420,599

22,981

0.9%

Michigan

3,685,914

99,747

2.6%

Minnesota

1,873,486

21,641

1.1%

Mississippi

977,902

68,532

6.5%

Missouri

2,130,480

64,114

2.9%

Montana

348,521

10,146

2.8%

Nebraska

653,346

12,838

1.9%

Nevada

734,088

17,077

2.3%

New Hampshire

469,343

5,263

1.1%

New Jersey

3,008,443

56,202

1.8%

New Mexico

639,008

38,963

5.7%

New York

6,924,156

132,704

1.9%

North Carolina

3,037,076

94,937

3.0%

North Dakota

252,533

4,619

1.8%

Ohio

4,348,056

97,717

2.2%

Oklahoma

1,280,278

62,015

4.6%

Oregon

1,311,914

21,809

1.6%

Pennsylvania

4,711,323

65,680

1.4%

Rhode Island

402,487

5,937

1.5%

South Carolina

1,470,079

63,775

4.2%

South Dakota

281,789

8,456

2.9%

Tennessee

2,166,476

66,429

3.0%

Texas

7,158,445

234,909

3.2%

Utah

690,479

10,802

1.5%

Vermont

236,999

3,635

1.5%

Virginia

2,641,517

57,656

2.1%

Washington

2,240,288

31,110

1.4%

West Virginia

701,695

34,786

4.7%

Wisconsin

2,050,336

34,208

1.6%

Wyoming

187,373

6,235

3.2%


          1      9      9      0               1      9      8      0

               No telephone in unit              No telephone in unit
      Telephone                         Telephone   
        in unit     Number  Percent       in unit     Number  Percent

  US 87,129,953  4,817,457     5.2%    74,719,996  5,669,677     7.1%

AL    1,375,236    131,554     8.7%     1,168,631    173,225    12.9%
AK      173,185     15,730     8.3%       109,507     21,956    16.7%
AZ    1,252,435    116,408     8.5%       853,557    103,475    10.8%
AR      793,643     97,536    10.9%       713,697    102,368    12.5%
CA   10,068,066    313,140     3.0%     8,174,972    454,894     5.3%
CO    1,228,907     53,582     4.2%       994,689     66,560     6.3%
CT    1,198,163     32,316     2.6%     1,056,371     37,307     3.4%
DE      239,813      7,684     3.1%       196,909     10,172     4.9%
DC      239,105     10,529     4.2%       241,032     12,111     4.8%
FL    4,864,627    270,242     5.3%     3,376,613    367,641     9.8%
GA    2,170,926    195,689     8.3%     1,651,116    220,536    11.8%
HI      346,873      9,394     2.6%       279,557     14,495     4.9%
ID      339,644     21,079     5.8%       301,052     23,055     7.1%
IL    4,010,024    192,216     4.6%     3,834,056    211,318     5.2%
IN    1,943,603    121,752     5.9%     1,799,517    127,533     6.6%
IA    1,027,838     36,487     3.4%     1,012,728     40,305     3.8%
KS      902,993     41,733     4.4%       828,047     44,192     5.1%
KY    1,238,901    140,881    10.2%     1,113,514    149,841    11.9%
LA    1,374,814    124,455     8.3%     1,258,433    153,355    10.9%
ME      447,930     17,382     3.7%       365,813     29,371     7.4%
MD    1,693,888     55,103     3.2%     1,399,144     61,721     4.2%
MA    2,199,728     47,382     2.1%     1,945,944     86,773     4.3%
MI    3,280,249    139,082     4.1%     3,064,173    131,040     4.1%
MN    1,607,500     40,353     2.4%     1,395,981     49,241     3.4%
MS      796,244    115,130    12.6%       689,605    137,564    16.6%
MO    1,858,481    102,725     5.2%     1,695,833     97,566     5.4%
MT      285,040     21,123     6.9%       261,413     22,329     7.9%
NE      580,681     21,682     3.6%       549,694     21,706     3.8%
NV      441,179     25,118     5.4%       274,661     29,666     9.7%
NH      397,119     14,067     3.4%       304,692     18,801     5.8%
NJ    2,708,860     85,851     3.1%     2,427,891    120,703     4.7%
NM      475,177     67,532    12.4%       379,742     61,724    14.0%
NY    6,306,914    332,408     5.0%     5,865,797    474,632     7.5%
NC    2,338,336    178,690     7.1%     1,819,379    223,912    11.0%
ND      232,363      8,515     3.5%       218,100      9,564     4.2%
OH    3,895,552    191,994     4.7%     3,607,319    226,509     5.9%
OK    1,099,754    106,381     8.8%     1,029,940     88,621     7.9%
OR    1,053,261     50,052     4.5%       926,855     64,738     6.5%
PA    4,379,187    116,779     2.6%     4,044,249    175,357     4.2%
RI      366,104     11,873     3.1%       322,502     16,088     4.8%
SC    1,143,349    114,695     9.1%       900,550    129,431    12.6%
SD      243,516     15,518     6.0%       227,137     15,386     6.3%
TN    1,721,394    132,331     7.1%     1,458,614    159,891     9.9%
TX    5,547,903    523,034     8.6%     4,465,923    463,344     9.4%
UT      515,801     21,472     4.0%       424,315     24,288     5.4%
VT      201,258      9,392     4.5%       166,292     12,033     6.7%
VA    2,168,192    123,638     5.4%     1,709,016    154,057     8.3%
WA    1,807,764     64,667     3.5%     1,452,870     87,640     5.7%
WV      617,803     70,754    10.3%       613,033     73,278    10.7%
WI    1,771,278     50,840     2.8%     1,597,741     54,520     3.3%
WY      159,352      9,487     5.6%       151,780     13,844     8.4%



           1      9      7      0            1      9      6    0

                       No telephone                      No telephone 
                          available                         available
      Telephone                         Telephone   
      available     Number  Percent     available     Number  Percent
                                       
  US 55,176,700  8,273,047    13.0%    41,618,040 11,405,835    21.5%

AL      808,353    225,760    21.8%       523,166    360,950    40.8%
AK       57,602     21,457    27.1%        34,368     22,882    40.0%
AZ      426,191    112,966    21.0%       237,086    129,544    35.3%
AR      463,208    152,216    24.7%       268,867    254,685    48.6%
CA    5,871,481    702,380    10.7%     4,130,218    851,890    17.1%
CO      616,911     74,017    10.7%       445,380     84,039    15.9%
CT      873,698     59,571     6.4%       688,136     64,600     8.6%
DE      148,888     15,916     9.7%       107,676     20,906    16.3%
DC      228,878     33,660    12.8%       209,042     43,024    17.1%
FL    1,859,031    425,755    18.6%     1,055,151    495,263    31.9%
GA    1,092,890    276,335    20.2%       660,042    410,283    38.3%
HI      184,250     18,838     9.3%       125,009     28,055    18.3%
ID      185,079     33,881    15.5%       147,294     46,545    24.0%
IL    3,124,620    377,518    10.8%     2,622,022    462,949    15.0%
IN    1,420,380    189,114    11.7%     1,125,890    261,988    18.9%
IA      834,283     62,028     6.9%       750,230     91,127    10.8%
KS      655,260     72,104     9.9%       573,120     99,779    14.8%
KY      768,357    215,308    21.9%       523,494    328,373    38.5%
LA      860,070    191,968    18.2%       619,655    272,689    30.6%
ME      258,443     44,480    14.7%       202,775     77,580    27.7%
MD    1,049,851    125,222    10.7%       690,968    172,033    19.9%
MA    1,623,653    136,039     7.7%     1,340,000    194,985    12.7%
MI    2,422,272    230,787     8.7%     1,928,267    310,812    13.9%
MN    1,079,718     74,228     6.4%       866,159    125,822    12.7%
MS      429,338    207,386    32.6%       257,273    310,797    54.7%
MO    1,333,934    186,633    12.3%     1,058,409    301,645    22.2%
MT      186,632     30,672    14.1%       159,478     42,762    21.1%
NE      434,354     39,367     8.3%       366,855     66,593    15.4%
NV      129,790     30,262    18.9%        63,676     27,844    30.4%
NH      199,923     25,455    11.3%       139,758     40,262    22.4%
NJ    2,007,048    211,134     9.5%     1,536,962    269,477    14.9%
NM      220,275     69,114    23.9%       160,239     90,970    36.2%
NY    5,185,144    728,717    12.3%     4,320,483    928,227    17.7%
NC    1,168,419    341,145    22.6%       704,153    500,562    41.6%
ND      164,304     17,309     9.5%       134,510     38,852    22.4%
OH    2,982,472    306,960     9.3%     2,418,525    434,032    15.2%
OK      718,399    132,404    15.6%       548,020    186,573    25.4%
OR      615,041     76,590    11.1%       461,440     96,774    17.3%
PA    3,385,893    319,517     8.6%     2,864,941    485,898    14.5%
RI      265,576     26,389     9.0%       208,573     48,762    18.9%
SC      554,928    179,445    24.4%       334,004    269,547    44.7%
SD      175,751     25,056    12.5%       150,875     43,946    22.6%
TN      979,967    233,220    19.2%       683,353    319,948    31.9%
TX    2,824,900    609,096    17.7%     1,961,636    816,480    29.4%
UT      271,470     26,464     8.9%       210,378     31,154    12.9%
VT      116,511     15,587    11.8%        84,774     25,958    23.4%
VA    1,164,345    226,291    16.3%       743,811    329,029    30.7%
WA      990,573    115,014    10.4%       759,064    135,104    15.1%
WV      435,638    111,576    20.4%       350,280    170,862    32.8%
WI    1,232,317     96,487     7.3%       985,422    160,920    14.0%
WY       90,391     14,209    13.6%        77,133     22,054    22.2%



Contact the Physical and Social Characteristics Branch at 301-763-3237 or visit ask.census.gov for further information.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011