U.S. Department of Commerce

Housing Patterns




Table 5-5


Table 5-5. Percent Change in Residential Segregation Indexes for Blacks or African Americans in Large Metropolitan Areas: 1980-2000
  Dissimilarity Index Isolation Index Delta Index
1980-1990 1990-2000 1980-2000 1980-1990 1990-2000 1980-2000 1980-1990 1990-2000 1980-2000
MSA /PMSA Name Percent Change Percent Change Percent Change Rank Percent Change Percent Change Percent Change Rank Percent Change Percent Change Percent Change Rank
Atlanta, GA MSA -8.9% -3.9% -12.5% 25 -6.0% 1.6% -4.5% 13 -2.4% -7.7% -9.9% 41
Baltimore, MD PMSA -4.2% -5.3% -9.3% 14 -4.2% -3.6% -7.7% 18 -2.0% -2.8% -4.7% 18
Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA -4.4% -5.9% -10.0% 16 1.9% -2.1% -0.3% 11 -4.6% -4.1% -8.5% 38
Boston, MA-NH PMSA -9.1% -5.1% -13.8% 26 -8.7% -7.2% -15.2% 32 -3.1% -2.7% -5.7% 29
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA 0.0% -4.4% -4.4% 7 -1.7% -2.7% -4.4% 12 -0.2% -4.2% -4.3% 15
Chicago, IL PMSA -4.6% -4.8% -9.2% 13 -5.4% -4.1% -9.2% 21 -2.1% -5.0% -7.0% 36
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA -2.5% -2.9% -5.3% 9 -4.4% -4.1% -8.3% 20 1.0% -3.8% -2.9% 8
Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA -3.5% -6.8% -10.1% 17 -1.5% -6.6% -8.0% 19 -2.0% -3.0% -4.9% 21
Columbus, OH MSA -7.7% -8.4% -15.5% 29 -8.2% -6.4% -14.1% 30 -2.3% -5.1% -7.3% 37
Dallas, TX PMSA -18.9% -6.1% -23.9% 39 -20.2% -5.0% -24.2% 38 -3.5% -3.1% -6.5% 31
Denver, CO PMSA -7.2% -5.5% -12.3% 24 -17.3% -11.4% -26.7% 40 -1.9% -3.0% -4.9% 20
Detroit, MI PMSA 0.0% -3.3% -3.3% 6 2.3% -1.3% 1.0% 9 -2.2% -4.7% -6.8% 35
Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA -18.3% -11.0% -27.3% 41 -20.5% 3.1% -18.0% 36 -1.6% -5.2% -6.8% 34
Hartford, CT MSA -2.3% -7.5% -9.5% 15 -3.4% -9.7% -12.8% 26 -1.4% -5.4% -6.8% 33
Houston, TX PMSA -12.0% -0.1% -12.1% 23 -11.8% 2.3% -9.8% 22 -4.1% -2.6% -6.5% 32
Indianapolis, IN MSA -5.4% -5.5% -10.6% 19 -8.2% -7.6% -15.2% 31 -1.5% -3.6% -5.0% 23
Kansas City, MO-KS MSA -6.2% -5.1% -10.9% 20 -10.4% -7.7% -17.3% 35 -1.5% -3.3% -4.8% 19
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA -9.9% -8.9% -17.9% 35 -8.6% -5.9% -14.0% 29 -5.5% -3.7% -9.0% 39
Miami, FL PMSA -12.0% 0.5% -11.5% 22 -0.4% 6.4% 6.0% 4 -4.5% -1.9% -6.3% 30
Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA -1.5% -1.0% -2.5% 4 1.0% -0.6% 0.3% 10 -1.2% -3.3% -4.5% 16
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA -8.2% -7.3% -14.9% 28 -10.3% 6.0% -5.0% 16 -1.0% -2.9% -3.8% 11
Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA -0.7% -4.1% -4.8% 8 2.8% 1.8% 4.6% 5 -1.2% -3.8% -4.9% 22
New Orleans, LA MSA -2.7% 0.8% -1.9% 2 -0.4% 3.5% 3.2% 7 -3.5% -0.5% -3.9% 13
New York, NY PMSA 0.1% -0.4% -0.2% 1 3.1% 1.1% 4.3% 6 -2.0% -1.6% -3.6% 9
Newark, NJ PMSA -0.3% -2.9% -3.2% 5 2.4% -0.3% 2.1% 8 -1.9% -2.0% -3.9% 12
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA -17.1% -6.8% -22.7% 38 -10.8% -0.8% -11.5% 25 0.8% -0.2% 0.5% 1
Oakland, CA PMSA -8.3% -8.9% -16.4% 30 -6.7% -7.1% -13.3% 27 -4.0% -5.9% -9.7% 40
Orange County, CA PMSA -14.7% -2.7% -17.0% 33 -21.3% 9.3% -14.0% 28 -9.9% -7.1% -16.2% 43
Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA -1.8% -6.2% -7.8% 11 -0.5% -4.4% -4.9% 15 -2.6% -2.7% -5.2% 26
Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA -17.9% -14.1% -29.5% 42 -32.7% -17.8% -44.6% 42 -1.8% -1.9% -3.7% 10
Pittsburgh, PA MSA -2.5% -5.1% -7.5% 10 -4.9% -6.7% -11.2% 24 -0.4% -0.8% -1.3% 3
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA -8.2% -26.4% -32.4% 43 -14.7% -36.4% -45.7% 43 -1.0% -3.7% -4.7% 17
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA -8.7% -9.6% -17.5% 34 3.5% -10.7% -7.6% 17 -2.7% -2.8% -5.5% 27
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA -16.7% 2.5% -14.6% 27 -11.4% 30.5% 15.6% 1 -2.3% 0.6% -1.7% 4
Rochester, NY MSA -0.8% -1.7% -2.4% 3 2.9% 3.7% 6.7% 3 -0.1% -1.1% -1.2% 2
Saint Louis, MO-IL MSA -5.8% -5.0% -10.5% 18 -6.4% -4.8% -10.9% 23 -3.1% -2.0% -5.0% 25
San Antonio, TX MSA -11.5% -9.2% -19.7% 37 -18.9% -9.5% -26.6% 39 1.4% -4.2% -2.9% 7
San Diego, CA MSA -9.9% -7.6% -16.8% 32 -13.0% -2.7% -15.4% 33 -3.5% 0.7% -2.8% 6
San Francisco, CA PMSA -5.6% -5.8% -11.1% 21 -7.0% -9.6% -16.0% 34 -2.2% -2.9% -5.0% 24
San Jose, CA PMSA -10.0% -7.4% -16.7% 31 5.9% 5.6% 11.9% 2 0.3% -2.1% -1.8% 5
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA -16.8% -12.6% -27.2% 40 -20.3% -21.1% -37.1% 41 -2.0% -2.4% -4.3% 14
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA -11.3% -9.2% -19.5% 36 -15.9% -7.5% -22.2% 37 -5.0% -5.9% -10.6% 42
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA -5.3% -3.9% -9.0% 12 -4.9% 0.2% -4.7% 14 -2.6% -3.1% -5.6% 28
  Absolute Centralization Index Spatial Proximity Index Rank
of Change
Ranks
Averaged
 
1980-1990 1990-2000 1980-2000 1980-1990 1990-2000 1980-2000
MSA /PMSA Name Percent Change Percent Change Percent Change Rank Percent Change Percent Change Percent Change Rank
Atlanta, GA MSA -1.5% -5.0% -6.5% 30 -0.2% -1.6% -1.8% 19 27
Baltimore, MD PMSA 0.2% -3.4% -3.2% 16 -1.2% -3.5% -4.6% 26 15
Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA -2.0% -2.6% -4.5% 24 3.4% 1.3% 4.7% 5 16
Boston, MA-NH PMSA -2.5% -3.5% -5.9% 28 -0.4% -1.7% -2.1% 20 32
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA -2.1% -2.8% -4.8% 26 2.6% 1.4% 4.1% 6 9
Chicago, IL PMSA -0.5% -7.5% -8.0% 35 -0.5% -3.8% -4.3% 24 29
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA -0.5% -2.4% -3.0% 13 -0.5% -0.3% -0.8% 17 10
Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA -1.4% -2.7% -4.0% 21 1.3% -5.2% -4.0% 23 17
Columbus, OH MSA -2.4% -0.6% -3.0% 14 -3.9% -1.4% -5.2% 30 34
Dallas, TX PMSA 2.6% -3.2% -0.7% 6 -11.4% -3.5% -14.5% 43 37
Denver, CO PMSA -2.1% -2.1% -4.2% 23 -4.8% -0.4% -5.2% 29 33
Detroit, MI PMSA -1.2% -3.4% -4.6% 25 0.4% -0.3% 0.1% 14 14
Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA 59.9% -3.7% 54.0% 1 -9.3% 10.5% 0.3% 13 24
Hartford, CT MSA -1.5% -7.5% -8.9% 36 2.6% -8.3% -5.9% 32 36
Houston, TX PMSA -4.5% -3.0% -7.4% 33 -7.8% 2.1% -5.8% 31 35
Indianapolis, IN MSA 3.3% -0.4% 3.0% 2 -4.7% -5.2% -9.6% 41 20
Kansas City, MO-KS MSA -1.0% -0.7% -1.7% 9 -6.8% -2.3% -8.9% 40 23
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA -6.5% -8.6% -14.5% 40 -7.4% -5.6% -12.6% 42 43
Miami, FL PMSA -8.9% -7.9% -16.2% 41 -4.8% -1.3% -6.0% 33 30
Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA -0.4% -2.9% -3.3% 19 3.0% -2.6% 0.4% 12 7
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA -1.1% -2.3% -3.3% 18 2.4% 2.9% 5.3% 4 12
Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA -6.3% -5.8% -11.8% 38 4.4% 2.1% 6.6% 3 11
New Orleans, LA MSA -3.9% -2.3% -6.0% 29 2.7% 1.0% 3.8% 7 5
New York, NY PMSA -2.4% -0.7% -3.1% 15 0.9% 1.1% 2.0% 10 2
Newark, NJ PMSA -5.0% -2.7% -7.5% 34 8.4% 1.3% 9.9% 1 6
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA -0.4% -1.7% -2.2% 10 -5.2% 0.1% -5.1% 28 18
Oakland, CA PMSA -10.5% -16.5% -25.3% 42 -1.9% -5.3% -7.1% 36 42
Orange County, CA PMSA -19.6% -28.7% -42.7% 43 -0.9% 0.2% -0.7% 16 39
Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA -1.6% -1.9% -3.5% 20 2.3% -0.5% 1.8% 11 13
Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA -0.3% -2.0% -2.3% 11 -2.3% -0.7% -3.0% 21 25
Pittsburgh, PA MSA 1.3% -1.2% 0.1% 3 -0.8% 0.7% -0.1% 15 4
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA -0.7% -3.4% -4.1% 22 -1.4% -4.9% -6.3% 34 38
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA 1.6% -8.6% -7.1% 32 1.9% 0.7% 2.6% 9 21
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA -0.4% -0.6% -1.0% 7 0.8% 2.7% 3.5% 8 3
Rochester, NY MSA -0.8% -0.7% -1.5% 8 3.0% 3.8% 6.9% 2 1
Saint Louis, MO-IL MSA -2.2% -2.9% -5.0% 27 -7.3% 0.7% -6.7% 35 27
San Antonio, TX MSA 0.9% -3.4% -2.5% 12 -3.0% -1.6% -4.6% 25 22
San Diego, CA MSA -4.3% 1.0% -3.3% 17 -3.1% -5.0% -8.0% 38 25
San Francisco, CA PMSA -1.3% 1.2% -0.1% 4 -1.9% -3.1% -4.9% 27 19
San Jose, CA PMSA 0.2% -0.6% -0.4% 5 -1.2% -0.5% -1.6% 18 7
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA -6.9% -7.9% -14.3% 39 -4.8% -3.0% -7.6% 37 41
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA -5.3% -1.3% -6.5% 31 -5.8% 2.8% -3.1% 22 40
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA -4.6% -7.3% -11.6% 37 -4.9% -3.4% -8.1% 39 30
Note: Includes 43 Metropolitan Areas with 3% or 20,000 or more Blacks or African Americans and 1,000,000 or more total population in 1980. Higher values indicate more segregation; the reference group is non-Hispanic Whites.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 1980, 1990, and 2000 Summary File 1.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011