U.S. Department of Commerce
 Housing Patterns


Table 5-4


Table 5-4. Residential Segregation for Blacks or African Americans in Large Metropolitan Areas: 1980, 1990, and 2000
MSA/PMSA Name Dissimilarity Index Isolation Index Delta Index Absolute Centralization Index Spatial Proximity Index Average 2000 Rank Rank of Averaged 2000 Ranks
1980 1990 2000 2000 Rank 1980 1990 2000 2000 Rank 1980 1990 2000 2000 Rank 1980 1990 2000 2000 Rank 1980 1990 2000 2000 Rank
Atlanta, GA MSA 0.737 0.671 0.645 23 0.698 0.657 0.667 11 0.776 0.758 0.699 42 0.767 0.755 0.717 35 1.447 1.443 1.420 15 25.2 26
Baltimore, MD PMSA 0.744 0.713 0.675 17 0.737 0.706 0.680 10 0.851 0.834 0.811 29 0.846 0.848 0.819 18 1.596 1.578 1.522 8 16.4 14
Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA 0.803 0.768 0.723 11 0.585 0.596 0.583 19 0.860 0.821 0.787 31 0.710 0.696 0.678 36 1.241 1.284 1.300 24 24.2 25
Boston, MA-NH PMSA 0.763 0.693 0.658 22 0.594 0.543 0.504 27 0.861 0.835 0.812 28 0.877 0.855 0.825 15 1.475 1.469 1.444 13 21 17
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA 0.801 0.800 0.766 7 0.663 0.651 0.634 16 0.917 0.916 0.878 8 0.860 0.842 0.818 19 1.416 1.453 1.474 9 11.8 7
Chicago, IL PMSA 0.878 0.838 0.797 5 0.855 0.809 0.776 5 0.908 0.888 0.844 18 0.721 0.717 0.663 38 1.812 1.802 1.734 3 13.8 9
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA 0.781 0.761 0.739 8 0.637 0.608 0.584 18 0.911 0.920 0.884 5 0.926 0.921 0.898 4 1.323 1.317 1.313 22 11.4 6
Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA 0.854 0.824 0.768 6 0.784 0.772 0.721 7 0.919 0.901 0.874 9 0.892 0.879 0.856 12 1.729 1.751 1.660 5 7.8 3
Columbus, OH MSA 0.729 0.673 0.616 28 0.576 0.528 0.495 28 0.907 0.887 0.841 19 0.896 0.874 0.869 8 1.319 1.268 1.250 30 22.6 22
Dallas, TX PMSA 0.771 0.625 0.587 33 0.715 0.571 0.542 25 0.855 0.825 0.799 30 0.780 0.800 0.775 25 1.485 1.316 1.271 28 28.2 32
Denver, CO PMSA 0.689 0.640 0.605 30 0.496 0.410 0.364 34 0.907 0.890 0.863 13 0.938 0.918 0.898 3 1.251 1.191 1.186 31 22.2 20
Detroit, MI PMSA 0.874 0.874 0.846 1 0.805 0.823 0.813 2 0.928 0.908 0.865 12 0.889 0.878 0.848 13 1.818 1.826 1.821 1 5.8 2
Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA 0.836 0.683 0.608 29 0.730 0.581 0.599 17 0.826 0.812 0.770 37 0.483 0.773 0.744 30 1.292 1.173 1.296 25 27.6 30
Hartford, CT MSA 0.712 0.696 0.644 24 0.562 0.543 0.490 29 0.829 0.817 0.773 36 0.819 0.807 0.746 29 1.396 1.432 1.313 21 27.8 31
Houston, TX PMSA 0.754 0.664 0.663 20 0.719 0.635 0.649 15 0.829 0.795 0.775 35 0.846 0.808 0.784 24 1.468 1.353 1.382 17 22.2 20
Indianapolis, IN MSA 0.788 0.746 0.704 13 0.653 0.599 0.554 22 0.927 0.913 0.880 7 0.833 0.861 0.858 11 1.440 1.373 1.302 23 15.2 13
Kansas City, MO-KS MSA 0.773 0.725 0.688 15 0.687 0.615 0.568 20 0.905 0.891 0.862 15 0.903 0.894 0.888 6 1.461 1.361 1.331 18 14.8 11
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA 0.808 0.728 0.664 19 0.758 0.693 0.652 14 0.865 0.817 0.787 32 0.843 0.789 0.721 34 1.783 1.652 1.558 7 21.2 19
Miami, FL PMSA 0.785 0.690 0.694 14 0.738 0.735 0.782 3 0.887 0.847 0.831 23 0.807 0.735 0.677 37 1.526 1.454 1.435 14 18.2 15
Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA 0.839 0.826 0.818 2 0.718 0.725 0.720 8 0.935 0.923 0.893 1 0.894 0.890 0.864 10 1.646 1.696 1.652 6 5.4 1
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA 0.677 0.622 0.576 34 0.330 0.296 0.313 36 0.897 0.889 0.863 14 0.948 0.938 0.917 1 1.110 1.136 1.169 33 23.6 24
Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA 0.767 0.761 0.730 10 0.525 0.540 0.550 23 0.775 0.766 0.737 40 0.378 0.354 0.334 43 1.207 1.260 1.287 26 28.4 33
New Orleans, LA MSA 0.698 0.679 0.684 16 0.715 0.713 0.738 6 0.867 0.836 0.833 22 0.901 0.866 0.847 14 1.351 1.388 1.402 16 14.8 11
New York, NY PMSA 0.812 0.813 0.810 3 0.793 0.818 0.827 1 0.865 0.848 0.834 20 0.789 0.770 0.765 26 1.441 1.454 1.469 10 12 8
Newark, NJ PMSA 0.827 0.825 0.801 4 0.765 0.784 0.781 4 0.922 0.905 0.886 2 0.691 0.657 0.639 39 1.651 1.790 1.814 2 10.2 5
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA 0.595 0.494 0.460 39 0.618 0.551 0.547 24 0.733 0.738 0.736 41 0.747 0.743 0.730 32 1.244 1.179 1.181 32 33.6 41
Oakland, CA PMSA 0.739 0.678 0.618 27 0.649 0.606 0.563 21 0.843 0.809 0.761 38 0.582 0.520 0.435 41 1.427 1.400 1.326 19 29.2 35
Orange County, CA PMSA 0.447 0.382 0.371 43 0.106 0.084 0.091 43 0.644 0.580 0.539 43 0.644 0.517 0.369 42 1.030 1.021 1.023 43 42.8 43
Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA 0.781 0.768 0.720 12 0.723 0.719 0.687 9 0.862 0.839 0.816 27 0.836 0.822 0.807 21 1.641 1.678 1.670 4 14.6 10
Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA 0.613 0.503 0.433 41 0.355 0.239 0.197 40 0.919 0.902 0.885 4 0.913 0.910 0.892 5 1.088 1.063 1.055 41 26.2 28
Pittsburgh, PA MSA 0.725 0.707 0.671 18 0.545 0.518 0.483 30 0.876 0.873 0.865 11 0.820 0.831 0.821 17 1.261 1.252 1.261 29 21 17
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA 0.686 0.630 0.464 38 0.350 0.298 0.190 41 0.909 0.899 0.866 10 0.946 0.939 0.907 2 1.175 1.158 1.102 40 26.2 28
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA 0.727 0.664 0.600 32 0.308 0.319 0.285 38 0.872 0.848 0.824 25 0.813 0.826 0.755 27 1.105 1.126 1.133 36 31.6 38
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA 0.526 0.439 0.449 40 0.264 0.234 0.305 37 0.902 0.881 0.886 3 0.875 0.872 0.867 9 1.081 1.089 1.119 37 25.2 26
Rochester, NY MSA 0.677 0.672 0.661 21 0.485 0.499 0.517 26 0.855 0.854 0.845 17 0.834 0.827 0.821 16 1.240 1.277 1.325 20 20 16
Saint Louis, MO-IL MSA 0.817 0.769 0.731 9 0.741 0.694 0.660 12 0.927 0.899 0.881 6 0.931 0.911 0.885 7 1.562 1.448 1.458 11 9 4
San Antonio, TX MSA 0.613 0.543 0.492 36 0.511 0.415 0.375 33 0.842 0.854 0.818 26 0.839 0.846 0.818 20 1.221 1.184 1.165 34 29.8 36
San Diego, CA MSA 0.643 0.579 0.535 35 0.409 0.355 0.346 35 0.852 0.822 0.828 24 0.762 0.730 0.737 31 1.264 1.224 1.163 35 32 39
San Francisco, CA PMSA 0.675 0.638 0.600 31 0.514 0.478 0.432 32 0.877 0.858 0.833 21 0.795 0.785 0.794 22 1.167 1.145 1.109 38 28.8 34
San Jose, CA PMSA 0.478 0.430 0.399 42 0.135 0.143 0.151 42 0.790 0.793 0.776 34 0.751 0.752 0.747 28 1.052 1.040 1.035 42 37.6 42
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA 0.671 0.559 0.489 37 0.357 0.284 0.224 39 0.889 0.871 0.850 16 0.922 0.859 0.791 23 1.196 1.138 1.105 39 30.8 37
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA 0.781 0.693 0.629 25 0.607 0.510 0.472 31 0.844 0.802 0.754 39 0.617 0.585 0.577 40 1.317 1.241 1.276 27 32.4 40
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA 0.687 0.650 0.625 26 0.686 0.653 0.654 13 0.825 0.804 0.779 33 0.819 0.781 0.724 33 1.585 1.508 1.457 12 23.4 23
Note: Includes 43 Metropolitan Areas with 3% or 20,000 or more Blacks or African Americans and 1,000,000 or more total population in 1980. Higher values indicate more segregation; the reference group is White non-Hispanic.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 1980, 1990, and 2000 Summary File 1.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: September 30, 2011