U.S. Department of Commerce
 Housing Patterns


Table 7-2


Table 7-2. Percent Changes for Residential Segregation Indexes for American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asians and Pacific Islanders, Blacks, and Hispanics: 1980-2000
Index and Race/Ethnicity ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS SELECTED METROPOLITAN AREAS
1980-1990 Percent Change 1990-2000 Percent Change 1980-2000 Percent Change 1980-1990 Percent Change 1990-2000 Percent Change 1980-2000 Percent Change

Dissimilarity Index
American Indians and Alaska Natives -1.4 -9.5 -10.8 -2.5 -3.6 -6.0
Asians and Pacific Islanders 1.5 -0.2 1.4 0.4 2.1 2.5
Blacks or Afican Americans -6.8 -5.6 -12.0 -6.6 -5.4 -11.7
Hispanics or Latinos -0.3 1.8 1.5 -0.6 1.8 1.2

Isolation Index
American Indians and Alaska Natives 24.0 0.8 25.0 5.9 9.3 15.8
Asians and Pacific Islanders 13.4 16.0 31.5 13.0 19.9 35.5
Blacks or Afican Americans -6.3 -3.8 -9.9 -6.0 -3.4 -9.3
Hispanics or Latinos 11.8 8.7 21.5 11.4 10.0 22.5

Delta Index
American Indians and Alaska Natives -1.4 -1.4 -2.8 0.2 3.7 3.8
Asians and Pacific Islanders 1.5 -1.3 0.3 1.3 -1.0 0.3
Blacks or African Americans -2.2 -2.8 -5.0 -2.2 -2.8 -5.0
Hispanics or Latinos -0.7 -0.7 -1.4 -0.8 -0.6 -1.4

Absolute Centralization Index
American Indians and Alaska Natives -0.5 -1.2 -1.7 3.0 1.8 4.9
Asians and Pacific Islanders -0.1 -2.4 -2.5 -1.1 -2.9 -4.0
Blacks or African Americans -1.3 -2.8 -4.1 -1.3 -2.8 -4.1
Hispanics or Latinos -1.2 -3.7 -4.9 -1.4 -3.5 -4.9

Spatial Proximity Index
American Indians and Alaska Natives 4.0 -13.5 -10.0 6.5 -20.6 -15.4
Asians and Pacific Islanders 2.4 1.2 3.7 3.1 1.8 4.9
Blacks or Afican Americans -2.5 -1.9 -4.3 -2.4 -1.8 -4.1
Hispanics or Latinos 2.1 0.5 2.7 2.1 0.8 3.0
Note: Selected Metropolitan Areas are those with at least 10 tracts and 3 percent or 20,000 or more of the racial/ethnic group in 1980. Higher values indicate more segregation; the reference group is White non-Hispanic.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 1980, 1990, and 2000 Summary File 1.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: September 30, 2011