Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content

Income

Skip top of page navigation
Census.govPopulation Income Main Income DataEarnings By Occupation and Education › Occupation - Virginia: Both Sexes

TABLE 2. Earnings by Detailed Occupation: 1999: Virginia: Both Sexes

(Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)


                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates

21 to 74 years                                           3,543,750   $27,273      33.2   2,411,310   $33,859      35.7

  MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS
Chief executives                                            33,955   $82,560      64.2      29,260   $86,875      64.6
General and Operations Managers                             26,500   $52,848      50.4      23,250   $56,577      50.7
Legislators                                                  1,080   $47,939      90.1         755   $55,221      93.3
Advertising and Promotions Managers                          1,885   $40,457      65.2       1,505   $41,924      68.7
Marketing and Sales Managers                                29,130   $50,497      64.1      23,100   $56,487      65.1
Public Relations Managers                                    2,870   $52,229      71.4       2,415   $56,373      71.1
Administrative Services Managers                             3,475   $47,159      37.8       2,975   $50,457      37.0
Computer and Information Systems Managers                   14,345   $69,003      72.1      12,575   $71,376      72.1
Financial Managers                                          29,775   $46,967      58.2      25,305   $50,613      58.5
Human Resources Managers                                    16,335   $46,727      54.4      13,330   $50,642      55.4
Industrial Production Managers                               6,590   $50,491      42.3       5,830   $51,358      41.5
Purchasing Managers                                          9,010   $51,512      57.5       7,790   $55,107      58.1
Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers           7,415   $38,123      29.5       6,435   $40,605      29.8
Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers                 3,800   $25,690      25.1       2,805   $29,685      26.2
Farmers and Ranchers                                         9,195   $14,212      19.2       5,880   $19,017      18.9
Construction Managers                                       20,095   $44,327      29.3      16,400   $47,965      30.7
Education Administrators                                    19,370   $44,754      79.3      13,830   $50,761      81.9
Engineering Managers                                         5,520   $77,017      80.2       5,015   $79,722      80.8
Food Service Managers                                       19,765   $27,177      22.4      14,310   $30,483      24.0
Funeral Directors                                            1,215   $39,306      17.2         925   $41,297      19.2
Gaming Managers                                                620   $25,510      40.8         365   $34,489      49.3
Lodging Managers                                             3,860   $27,869      40.5       2,840   $31,821      40.6
Medical and Health Services Managers                         9,660   $41,076      54.4       8,195   $42,918      56.0
Natural Sciences Managers                                      860   $82,596      92.3         800   $87,083      91.7
Postmasters and Mail Superintendents                         1,055   $42,754      25.2         825   $45,417      27.7
Property, Real Estate, and Community Association
  Managers                                                  11,545   $34,011      41.1       8,775   $38,810      43.0
Social and Community Service Managers                        9,890   $41,404      74.8       7,730   $47,971      77.5
Managers, All Other                                         70,570   $55,992      60.7      59,495   $60,879      61.2

  BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL OPERATIONS OCCUPATIONS
Agents and Business Managers of Artists,Performers,
  and Athletes                                                 760   $36,538      60.0         490   $42,262      62.9
Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products                    220   $37,083      42.3         180   $39,125      45.3
Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products            5,650   $25,573      29.4       3,475   $31,848      31.2
Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and
  Farm Products                                              7,905   $37,743      38.2       6,865   $39,480      37.5
Claims Adusters, Appraisers, Examiners, and
  Investigators                                              7,080   $33,030      43.6       5,940   $35,390      43.8
Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction,
  Health and Safety, and Transportation                      3,495   $41,318      55.7       2,925   $44,178      56.2
Cost Estimators                                              3,145   $40,672      28.1       2,665   $42,660      29.4



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations
  Specialists                                               30,960   $37,767      54.5      23,820   $41,448      54.3
Logisticians                                                 3,335   $44,813      46.7       2,710   $49,699      47.6
Management Analysts                                         29,320   $56,119      79.6      20,955   $64,063      79.5
Meeting and Convention Planners                              2,310   $34,102      62.2       1,695   $36,809      64.6
Other Business Operations Specialists                        8,770   $36,247      48.7       6,605   $40,782      48.4
Accountants and Auditors                                    54,410   $38,757      72.0      41,760   $42,983      73.6
Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate                      2,465   $41,525      55.8       2,035   $45,684      55.4
Budget Analysts                                              4,865   $55,075      57.7       4,335   $55,714      57.2
Credit Analysts                                                745   $30,371      50.8         585   $31,015      45.3
Financial Analysts                                           1,765   $49,082      79.1       1,375   $54,426      79.4
Personal Financial Advisors                                  6,830   $50,496      78.7       5,210   $58,709      79.6
Insurance Underwriters                                       2,210   $33,028      45.0       1,875   $35,227      46.1
Financial Examiners                                            490   $71,905      93.6         430   $76,894      98.1
Loan Counselors and Officers                                 8,820   $37,245      43.3       7,360   $40,563      44.7
Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents                1,615   $37,095      50.2       1,330   $39,341      51.5
Tax Preparers                                                3,435    $9,470      48.1         975   $39,390      54.1
Financial Specialists, All Other                             1,480   $33,977      43.7       1,145   $37,203      43.8

  COMPUTER AND MATHEMATICAL OCCUPATIONS
Computer Scientists and System Analyts                      32,570   $53,862      68.0      26,550   $58,355      67.3
Computer Programmers                                        22,085   $51,534      65.4      17,130   $55,704      64.9
Computer Software Engineers                                 37,285   $61,617      78.0      31,070   $65,105      77.7
Computer Support Specialists                                17,165   $43,299      45.9      13,660   $49,589      46.6
Database Administrators                                      3,720   $50,440      67.5       3,005   $53,442      67.1
Network and Computer Systems Administrators                  8,790   $46,886      47.5       7,365   $49,405      48.1
Network Systems and Data Communication Analysts             17,390   $47,379      53.5      13,565   $51,792      52.7
Actuaries                                                      575   $73,125      94.5         470   $80,709      93.2
Mathematicians                                                 230   $62,941      92.7         205   $65,000      91.7
Operations Research Analysts                                10,390   $61,693      79.4       8,870   $64,984      79.0
Statisticians                                                1,475   $55,046      92.5       1,155   $61,310      93.9
Miscellaneous Mathematical Science Occupations                 170   $54,444      95.8         130   $57,000     100.0

ARCHITECTURE, ENGINEERING OCCUPATIONS
Architects, Except Naval                                     5,875   $46,384      87.5       4,395   $51,800      88.8
Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists              1,515   $48,606      82.5       1,190   $52,072      81.1
Aerospace Engineers                                          2,575   $67,170      82.5       2,230   $70,276      83.9
Agricultural Engineers                                          25   $16,250      68.0          10   $46,071       0.0
Biomedical Engineers                                            90   $47,386      71.6          65   $50,781      61.5
Chemical Engineers                                           1,530   $64,402      87.0       1,220   $69,683      90.8
Civil Engineers                                              9,650   $52,646      78.4       8,250   $57,146      78.7
Computer Hardware Engineers                                  2,305   $54,221      63.7       1,875   $55,804      67.5
Electrical and Electronic Engineers                          9,770   $61,160      72.6       8,420   $63,273      73.0
Environmental Engineers                                      1,205   $51,882      93.0       1,040   $54,350      92.4
Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety            4,695   $49,516      61.9       3,955   $50,999      61.4
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects                        2,220   $56,633      71.5       1,895   $58,631      71.7



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Materials Engineers                                            650   $51,779      79.7         560   $55,900      83.3
Mechanical Engineers                                         5,765   $52,161      61.6       5,020   $54,449      61.7
Mining and Geological Engineers,Including Mining
  Safety Engineers                                             220   $53,000      59.9         165   $62,188      68.9
Nuclear Engineers                                              880   $61,917      76.1         740   $63,125      76.4
Petroleum Engineers                                             70   $85,500      91.2          55   $77,000      88.9
Engineers, All Others                                       11,895   $61,678      78.7      10,190   $64,415      78.8
Drafters                                                     4,910   $31,215      22.2       3,605   $35,203      21.7
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters                    13,565   $37,846      15.1      11,350   $40,598      15.0
Surveying and Mapping Technicians                            2,655   $30,052       4.6       2,145   $32,083       4.8

  LIFE, PHYSICAL, AND SOCIAL SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS
Agricultural and Food Scientists                               775   $40,313      68.2         600   $51,250      70.1
Biological Scientists                                        2,090   $38,093      96.0       1,610   $42,118      96.5
Conservation Scientists and Foresters                          870   $44,306      86.2         715   $49,177      90.7
Medical Scientists                                           1,545   $42,279      99.8       1,185   $50,769     100.0
Astronomers and Physicists                                   1,165   $69,208      94.5         970   $70,192      94.6
Atmospheric and Space Scientists                               465   $54,732      89.0         385   $60,069      86.8
Chemists and Materials Scientists                            2,045   $49,977      89.8       1,690   $52,446      93.1
Environmental Scientists and Geoscientists                   2,835   $48,480      90.5       2,350   $54,145      92.1
Physical Scientists, All Other                               5,220   $46,622      98.1       3,690   $61,790      98.9
Economists                                                   5,055   $75,303      99.8       4,255   $79,333     100.0
Market/Survey Researchers                                    2,230   $43,465      82.3       1,480   $50,233      85.1
Psychologists                                                3,920   $46,199      98.9       2,170   $51,980      99.4
Sociologists                                                   125   $43,625      91.9          90   $52,143      89.1
Urban and Regional Planners                                    820   $47,208      87.5         680   $49,828      86.1
Miscellaneous Social Scientists and Related Workers          2,605   $48,084      89.8       1,925   $54,801      89.4
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians                      675   $26,378      26.4         515   $36,458      28.2
Biological Technicians                                         365   $31,396      38.7         315   $31,957      39.8
Chemical Technicians                                         2,265   $31,955      24.8       1,810   $33,004      22.4
Geological and Petroleum Technicians                           280   $41,750      21.2         235   $44,938      22.3
Nuclear Technicians                                            365   $41,645      22.4         290   $43,869      24.1
Other Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians         4,685   $25,989      40.6       2,620   $32,487      39.2

  COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL SERVICES OCCUPATIONS
Counselors                                                  17,040   $29,593      78.4       9,375   $32,861      80.4
Social Workers                                              13,095   $30,302      79.7       9,550   $32,130      79.5
Misc. Community and Social Service Specialists               7,125   $28,056      59.6       5,060   $31,229      62.9
Clergy                                                      10,820   $28,866      78.1       8,095   $32,374      80.4
Directors, Religious Activities and Education                1,480   $20,241      64.0         785   $27,246      67.6
Religious Workers, All Other                                 2,230   $19,538      57.7       1,150   $29,514      66.5

  LEGAL OCCUPATIONS
Lawyers                                                     32,745   $81,343      99.8      26,605   $89,527     100.0
Judges, Magistrates, and Other Judicial Workers              2,370   $70,372      80.3       1,955   $79,009      82.4
Paralegals and Legal Assistants                             11,610   $30,531      49.7       8,275   $33,523      43.6
Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers                          9,865   $32,392      66.8       6,550   $42,160      65.3



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates

  EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND LIBRARY OCCUPATIONS
Postsecondary Teachers                                      31,815   $36,412      91.3      20,415   $49,210      91.7
Preschool and Kindergarten Teachers                         13,710   $11,565      43.0       6,635   $17,246      40.5
Elementary and Middle School Teachers                       89,940   $31,329      93.4      67,435   $33,930      96.1
Secondary School Teachers                                   21,310   $32,466      95.6      16,885   $35,408      97.1
Special Education Teachers                                   5,125   $31,478      92.2       4,335   $32,486      94.2
Other Teachers and Instructors                              14,980   $20,672      56.4       6,400   $34,887      51.5
Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians                 1,900   $32,732      82.8       1,305   $41,423      86.5
Librarians                                                   6,675   $35,419      88.5       4,010   $40,155      90.4
Library Technicians                                          1,210   $13,071      26.6         520   $24,776      28.6
Teacher Assistants                                          21,165   $10,755      19.0       4,800   $15,010      17.4
Other Education, Training, and Library Workers               2,175   $38,160      79.2       1,410   $44,766      79.8

  ARTS, DESIGN, ENTERTAINMENT, SPORTS, AND MEDIA
       OCCUPATIONS
Artists and Related Workers                                  5,335   $15,536      52.9       2,755   $30,705      52.6
Designers                                                   18,855   $28,835      48.1      11,700   $35,507      48.8
Actors                                                         310   $16,331      57.3         110   $20,804      61.3
Producers and Directors                                      3,350   $41,706      72.0       2,700   $46,590      71.8
Athletes, Coaches, Umpires and Related Workers               4,140   $21,106      54.4       1,665   $35,676      65.5
Dancers and Choreographers                                     395   $11,767       9.7          65   $12,500      15.2
Musicians, Singers and Related Workers                       3,995   $17,047      59.1       1,470   $31,708      64.1
Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related
  Workers, All Other                                           580   $12,158      26.9         180   $31,477      21.1
Announcers                                                   1,405   $30,321      51.1         895   $41,875      60.1
News Analysts, Reporters, and Correspondents                 3,420   $37,015      87.4       2,445   $45,374      90.5
Public Relations Specialists                                 7,855   $44,751      81.5       5,965   $52,829      86.1
Editors                                                      7,515   $39,561      80.1       5,150   $46,483      82.0
Technical Writers                                            2,755   $41,630      69.7       2,120   $43,895      69.4
Writers and Authors                                          5,190   $30,269      83.5       2,730   $41,016      82.5
Miscellaneous Media and Communication Workers                2,470   $27,713      61.9       1,100   $39,345      60.4
Broadcast and Sound Engineering Technicians and
  Radio Operators                                            2,295   $34,494      31.1       1,720   $38,403      30.4
Photographers                                                2,915   $23,654      36.2       1,650   $32,215      38.1
Television, Video and Motion Picture Camera
  Operators and Editors                                        825   $23,773      45.2         485   $31,538      41.9
Media and Communication Equipment Workers,
  All Other                                                     75   $30,469       9.1          65   $32,596      11.1

  HEALTHCARE PRACTIONERS AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS
Chiropractors                                                  820   $45,833      96.6         565   $50,208      97.2
Dentists                                                     3,785  $103,636     100.0       2,290  $108,194     100.0
Dieticians and Nutritionists                                 1,905   $24,099      60.0       1,020   $31,151      61.4
Optometrists                                                   605   $76,319     100.0         455   $79,896     100.0
Pharmacists                                                  4,815   $61,850      96.0       3,295   $67,632      97.1
Physicians and Surgeons                                     17,870  $106,409      99.8      13,375  $120,671      99.8
Physician Assistants                                         1,320   $29,943      58.3         795   $35,278      54.8



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Podiatrists                                                    240   $57,237     100.0         195   $60,500     100.0
Registered Nurses                                           59,150   $36,246      53.3      36,025   $41,617      51.9
Audiologists                                                   220   $47,000      98.2         150   $50,417     100.0
Occupational Therapists                                      1,520   $38,272      91.5         655   $45,787      93.0
Physical Therapists                                          3,370   $41,076      90.4       1,915   $49,254      91.2
Radiation Therapists                                           205   $39,348      49.5         170   $41,184      48.3
Recreational Therapists                                        460   $26,113      78.5         310   $30,189      83.3
Respiratory Therapists                                       1,995   $35,328      28.6       1,365   $37,926      27.2
Speech-Language Pathologists                                 2,295   $34,512      98.1         835   $39,375      96.5
Therapists, All Others                                       1,695   $31,058      80.3       1,040   $38,184      83.3
Veterinarians                                                1,880   $53,723     100.0       1,285   $58,622     100.0
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practioners,
  All Other                                                    135   $25,179      88.7          60   $76,328      88.1
Clinical Lab Technologists and Technicians                   7,650   $28,686      58.9       5,100   $32,340      57.9
Dental Hygienists                                            2,655   $33,885      46.2         885   $44,391      41.0
Diagnostic Related Technologists and Technicians             5,435   $31,658      22.4       3,800   $35,698      21.8
Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics                 1,840   $27,337      16.6       1,330   $31,601      13.8
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practioners Support
  Technicians                                                6,320   $18,572      14.3       3,815   $21,804      12.6
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses           18,280   $22,931       7.1      11,210   $26,429       6.6
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians           1,635   $20,612      18.7       1,050   $24,737      17.4
Opticians, Dispensing                                        1,465   $27,005      19.8       1,090   $29,435      21.1
Miscellaneous Health Technologists and Technicians           2,235   $24,690      31.8       1,420   $27,864      33.0
Other Healthcare Practioners and Technical
  Occupations                                                1,965   $36,142      59.4       1,475   $41,403      62.9

HEALTHCARE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
Nursing, Psychiatric, and Home Health Aides                 39,030   $14,756       6.1      20,180   $18,246       5.7
Occupational Therapist Assistants and Aides                    275   $26,618       2.2         180   $28,220       0.0
Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides                      1,495   $23,081      27.7         825   $29,113      23.1
Massage Therapists                                           1,100   $15,652      47.5         420   $25,139      45.1
Dental Assistants                                            5,410   $19,033      10.5       2,610   $22,214       9.5
Medical Assistants and Other Healthcare Support
 Occupations                                                12,500   $16,919      14.2       6,835   $21,103      12.5

  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional
  Officers                                                   1,505   $32,573      22.3       1,220   $34,176      26.1
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and
  Detectives                                                 2,750   $50,192      38.9       2,610   $50,958      38.8
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and
  Prevention Workers                                         1,185   $56,145      21.4       1,035   $57,395      22.3
Supervisors, Protective Service Workers, All Other           2,700   $33,250      34.3       2,200   $37,338      34.0
Fire Fighters                                                6,385   $40,392      10.8       5,650   $40,779      11.1
Fire Inspectors                                                450   $41,125       8.2         355   $44,632      10.5
Baliffs, Correctional Officers and Jailers                  11,965   $26,042       8.6       9,785   $26,536       8.5
Detectives and Criminal Investigators                        5,020   $59,569      68.6       4,445   $61,089      69.3
Fish and Game Wardens                                          100   $32,083      71.3          90   $41,875      67.4



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                        
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Parking Enforcement Workers                                    135   $18,403       8.1          75   $23,333       0.0
Police and Sheriff Patrol Officers                          18,580   $35,698      27.8      16,460   $36,483      28.1
Transit and Railroad Police                                    105   $43,393       9.4          90   $43,125       0.0
Animal Control Workers                                         340   $24,141      14.8         270   $24,355      14.5
Private Detectives and Investigators                         2,310   $45,710      58.3       1,755   $52,277      59.4
Security Guards and Gaming Surveillance Officers            20,620   $22,017      17.4      13,195   $28,013      19.8
Crossing Guards                                                955    $7,813       3.8         160   $14,543       0.0
Lifeguards and Other Protective Service Workers              1,530    $7,494      23.0         265   $33,688      52.1

  FOOD PREPARATION AND SERVING RELATED OCCUPATIONS
Chefs and Head Cooks                                         6,385   $22,261      11.9       4,330   $25,965      12.0
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation
  and Serving Workers                                       13,200   $18,505      11.9       8,075   $22,353      12.9
Cooks                                                       37,440   $12,193       4.1      17,525   $16,531       4.4
Food Preparation Workers                                     9,890   $10,721       5.4       3,955   $16,443       5.0
Bartenders                                                   5,775   $13,434      14.2       2,570   $19,298      10.7
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers,
  Including Fast Food                                        6,070   $11,432       4.1       2,575   $16,026       5.0
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession and
  Coffee Shop                                                1,690    $8,559       8.8         530   $13,417       7.8
Waiters and Waitresses                                      30,985   $10,870      10.9      10,735   $16,739      10.0
Food Servers, Nonrestaurant                                  3,080   $12,059       5.6       1,375   $16,775       4.5
Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender
  Helpers                                                    5,850    $7,704       5.5       1,460   $15,630       7.6
Dishwashers                                                  3,915    $9,663       2.0       1,465   $13,460       2.3
Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee
  Shop                                                       2,465    $7,882       7.4         645   $15,553       3.6
Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers,
  All Other                                                    205   $11,172       0.0         110   $15,536       0.0

  BUILDING AND GROUNDS CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
    OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and
  Janitorial Workers                                         5,835   $21,778       7.3       4,225   $24,540       7.1
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn
  Service, and Groundskeeping Workers                        4,075   $27,857      15.4       3,230   $30,645      16.4
Janitors and Building Cleaners                              42,080   $14,984       3.1      22,745   $19,865       2.9
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners                             35,460   $11,082       2.4      14,590   $14,464       2.3
Pest Control Workers                                         1,630   $22,457       5.4       1,190   $25,222       4.1
Grounds Maintenance Workers                                 22,155   $15,705       7.3      11,620   $20,668       7.3

  PERSONAL CARE AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Gaming Workers              605   $20,542      43.4         360   $33,333      54.7
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service
  Workers                                                    2,965   $24,974      26.5       2,225   $28,879      29.3
Animal Trainers                                                760   $16,147      28.7         565   $19,441      25.7
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers                                    3,155   $15,802      18.2       1,565   $21,151      17.9



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Gaming Workers                                                 155    $7,404       7.8          40   $16,953      17.9
Motion Picture Projectionists                                  120   $18,958      16.1          65   $28,750       0.0
Ushers,Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers                     575    $8,722      23.3         185   $20,121      20.9
Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants and Related
  Workers                                                    2,100    $8,323      22.0         530   $19,750      17.9
Funeral Service Workers                                        685   $17,173      10.1         340   $26,991      13.3
Barbers                                                      2,485   $16,702       3.2       1,505   $20,246       4.2
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists              17,595   $15,867       6.3       8,960   $20,819       7.3
Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers                    3,490   $12,932       5.7       1,480   $17,420       5.0
Baggage Porters, Bellhops, and Concierges                    1,085   $15,841      11.4         600   $19,391       9.8
Tour and Travel Guides                                       1,350   $10,067      44.6         320   $23,657      53.0
Transportation Attendants                                    4,115   $28,276      35.6       1,565   $35,069      33.5
Child Care Workers                                          33,580   $10,026      14.5      14,820   $14,724      12.8
Personal and Home Care Aides                                 4,510    $9,863       7.6       1,530   $16,309       9.6
Recreation and Fitness Workers                               7,155   $14,638      43.7       3,095   $26,727      49.0
Residential Advisors                                         1,540   $13,243      26.7         625   $21,566      30.0
Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other                   840   $12,454      19.0         340   $26,288      14.3

  SALES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales
  Workers                                                   74,775   $26,963      22.2      58,745   $30,212      21.9
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales
  Workers                                                   22,470   $37,772      35.7      18,635   $41,053      36.0
Cashiers                                                    53,775   $10,967       7.2      21,950   $16,286       6.9
Counter and Rental Clerks                                    2,995   $12,069       9.2       1,330   $19,525       9.6
Parts Salespersons                                           3,290   $23,478       3.8       2,590   $25,736       3.6
Retail Salespersons                                         78,035   $16,518      22.2      40,670   $26,230      24.0
Advertising Sales Agents                                     4,870   $34,597      48.9       3,675   $40,667      49.3
Insurance Sales Agents                                      13,365   $31,358      38.0      10,230   $35,328      38.9
Securities, Commodities, and Finanancial Services
  Sales Agents                                               6,580   $42,072      68.5       5,045   $50,421      69.5
Travel Agents                                                4,025   $22,337      32.1       2,520   $26,398      30.6
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other                  16,430   $40,754      47.6      12,145   $47,128      50.2
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing          27,990   $39,972      42.3      22,185   $44,093      43.8
Models, Demonstrators, and Product Promoters                 1,385    $6,647      27.3         365   $32,045      37.2
Real Estate Brokers and Sales Agents                        19,345   $31,902      44.3      12,345   $42,074      47.4
Sales Engineers                                                745   $51,618      65.4         650   $55,409      65.3
Telemarketers                                                6,145   $11,015      12.5       2,230   $17,672      13.7
Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors
  and Related Workers                                        4,735   $12,396      18.4       1,850   $23,192      15.9
Sales and Related Workers, All Other                         6,345   $29,396      50.5       3,820   $39,927      53.5

OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and
Administrative Support Workers                              50,820   $31,732      30.6      40,275   $35,482      30.7
Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service           1,980   $16,579       8.4       1,120   $20,598       9.8



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Telephone Operators                                          2,495   $17,052      10.1       1,455   $21,388       9.1
Communication Equipment Operators, All Other                   510   $26,563      22.7         390   $30,648      23.3
Bill and Account Collectors                                  5,945   $23,049      13.4       4,095   $25,458      14.4
Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators             9,105   $22,135      17.8       6,660   $25,205      19.2
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks                43,855   $21,824      14.9      28,740   $25,515      12.5
Gaming Cage Workers                                              0         .        .            0         .        .
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks                               5,325   $25,439      13.0       4,040   $27,196      11.5
Procurement Clerks                                           1,570   $31,242      28.1       1,330   $32,164      27.0
Tellers                                                     11,005   $15,912      10.5       6,110   $18,843       8.5
Brokerage Clerks                                               225   $22,025      61.3         115   $28,352      68.7
Correspondence Clerks                                          430   $23,651      53.6         255   $25,795      41.7
Court, Municipal, and License Clerks                         1,400   $24,844      17.2       1,070   $27,448      17.6
Credit Authorizers, Checkers and Clerks                      1,285   $23,261      22.6         875   $28,643      25.6
Customer Service Representatives                            51,565   $21,757      21.9      33,260   $26,079      22.4
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs                2,585   $26,063      35.1       2,070   $27,324      34.9
File Clerks                                                  6,855   $18,418      19.9       3,715   $24,080      18.1
Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks                         2,690   $12,258      14.1       1,175   $16,001      13.7
Interviewers Except Eligibility and Loan                     3,830   $12,741      21.2       1,510   $21,556      18.1
Library Assistants, Clerical                                 4,120   $10,790      38.2       1,085   $22,222      43.3
Loan Interviewers and Clerks                                 3,560   $27,056      19.8       3,010   $28,536      20.3
New Account Clerks                                             335   $25,968      18.5         300   $26,466      16.3
Order Clerks                                                 4,475   $17,464      14.3       2,595   $23,010      14.6
Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and
  Timekeeping                                                2,185   $29,495      33.0       1,620   $31,486      32.7
Receptionists and Information Clerks                        26,390   $15,145      14.8      12,125   $20,836      11.9
Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and
  Travel Clerks                                              4,265   $22,117      26.9       2,590   $28,730      26.5
Information and Record Clerks, All Other                     1,770   $18,821      25.1       1,050   $23,324      23.1
Cargo and Freight Agents                                       600   $31,136      14.8         450   $36,300      17.5
Couriers and Messengers                                      5,320   $20,192      14.2       3,075   $25,989      12.2
Dispatchers                                                  5,655   $25,095       6.8       4,340   $28,046       7.3
Meter Readers, Utilities                                     1,030   $25,396       3.7         835   $25,594       4.1
Postal Service Clerks                                        4,655   $38,332      14.8       3,485   $39,804      16.3
Postal Service Mail Carriers                                 8,220   $38,131      11.7       6,575   $39,709      11.1
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and
  Processing Machine Operators                               3,330   $38,350      15.7       2,540   $39,640      16.2
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks                  9,405   $31,179      30.3       7,260   $35,512      29.9
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks                     13,090   $20,045       5.4       9,265   $22,442       4.5
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers                              27,840   $18,654       6.4      17,050   $22,734       6.2
Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers,
  Recordkeeping                                              1,950   $21,693       7.6       1,305   $26,250       9.2
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants                  107,730   $22,734      17.0      71,980   $26,736      15.2
Computer Operators                                           7,400   $27,290      19.9       5,625   $30,833      19.9
Data Entry Keyers                                           14,795   $18,584      15.7       8,385   $22,749      11.2
Word Processors and Typists                                  4,175   $20,421      17.8       2,310   $24,246      16.2
Desktop Publishers                                             570   $30,756      48.4         385   $37,462      41.8
Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks                4,905   $23,183      19.4       3,625   $25,347      18.7



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except
  Postal Service                                             5,375   $17,852       8.1       3,135   $21,987       6.1
Office Clerks, General                                      34,195   $19,301      16.7      19,420   $24,273      14.6
Office Machine Operators, Except Computer                    1,420   $18,523      12.2         865   $22,333      11.6
Proofreaders and Copy Markers                                  585   $22,699      34.1         405   $24,688      23.3
Statistical Assistants                                       1,595   $26,979      26.7       1,090   $32,454      27.0
Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other        14,490   $26,920      34.8      10,130   $31,257      33.6

FARMING, FISHING, AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing
  and Forestry Workers                                         880   $28,036      21.5         625   $33,906      16.3
Agricultural Inspectors                                        375   $33,691      33.5         280   $35,307      38.0
Animal Breeders                                                 95   $21,172       3.1          45   $24,803       6.7
Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products                     470   $11,016       2.1         145   $19,957       3.5
Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers                           8,520   $13,534       8.1       4,470   $18,105       7.4
Fishers and Related Fishing Workers                          1,990   $15,402       4.1         685   $21,827       2.6
Hunters and Trappers                                            10   $17,083      60.0          10   $17,083      60.0
Forest and Conservation Workers                                450   $23,278      19.2         295   $26,953      25.1
Logging Workers                                              3,615   $19,332       2.0       2,115   $24,116       2.7

CONSTRUCTION AND EXTRACTION WORKERS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction
  Trades and Extraction Workers                             28,335   $36,111       9.9      23,005   $38,345       9.9
Boilermakers                                                   560   $34,543       1.6         385   $35,139       2.3
Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons                    6,985   $22,747       2.0       3,525   $27,238       1.6
Carpenters                                                  37,315   $22,941       5.4      23,645   $26,587       5.2
Carpet, Floor and Tile Installers and Finishers              5,220   $25,377       4.2       3,425   $27,792       3.1
Cement Masons, Concrete Finishers, and Terrazzo
  Workers                                                    2,400   $21,420       0.5       1,400   $26,320       0.0
Contruction Laborers                                        27,030   $19,613       3.5      15,395   $24,217       3.8
Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators             660   $22,945       0.6         330   $26,378       1.2
Pile-Driver Operators                                          105   $23,333       0.0          35   $35,250       0.0
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment
  Operators                                                 10,015   $27,011       1.8       7,265   $29,979       1.8
Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, and
  Tapers                                                     5,430   $22,830       2.7       3,215   $25,361       3.3
Electricians                                                20,130   $31,641       4.0      15,700   $34,630       3.8
Glaziers                                                     1,050   $28,310       2.8         835   $29,525       1.8
Insulation Workers                                           1,660   $24,615       2.3       1,105   $26,780       1.6
Painters, Construction and Maintenance                      15,665   $19,872       7.5       8,255   $24,727       5.8
Paperhangers                                                   520   $24,191      10.0         275   $28,274       8.7
Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters         16,010   $28,013       2.3      12,135   $30,765       2.3
Plasterers and Stucco Masons                                   830   $22,955       4.1         465   $26,660       7.3
Reinforcing Iron Workers                                       370   $28,550       0.0         250   $30,365       0.0
Roofers                                                      5,185   $20,655       1.1       2,945   $25,203       1.3
Sheet Metal Workers                                          5,055   $26,722       2.4       3,820   $29,706       2.0
Structural Iron and Steel Workers                            1,580   $26,146       3.2       1,000   $30,216       2.7
Helpers, Construction Trades                                 2,595   $16,924       3.2       1,260   $21,606       2.1
Construction and Building Inspectors                         2,625   $34,371      21.2       2,130   $36,436      19.1
Elevator Installers and Repairers                              705   $48,864       3.4         630   $50,543       3.8



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Fence Erectors                                                 545   $17,835       5.5         300   $21,211       5.7
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers                            750   $25,165      11.9         440   $27,289      11.6
Highway Maintenance Workers                                  2,175   $25,545       3.7       1,760   $26,203       3.5
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment
  Operators                                                    195   $35,096       3.6         150   $31,625       4.7
Septic Tank Services and Sewer Pipe Cleaners                   210   $24,853       0.0         150   $27,500       0.0
Miscellaneous Construction and Related Workers                 925   $23,505       5.9         590   $29,792       4.6
Derrick, Rotary Drill, and Service Unit Operators,
  Oil, Gas, and Mining                                          20   $34,286       0.0          20   $34,286       0.0
Earth Drillers Except Oil and Gas                              780   $29,507       0.0         640   $31,142       0.0
Explosives Workers, Ordnance handling Experts, and
  Blasters                                                     545   $32,045      13.9         440   $35,733      17.4
Mining Machine Operators                                     2,380   $34,773       1.8       1,700   $39,406       1.0
Roof Bolters, Mining                                           335   $36,211       0.0         260   $37,931       0.0
Roustabouts, Oil and Gas                                         0         .        .            0         .        .
Helpers - Extraction Workers                                    20   $30,500       0.0          15   $31,625       0.0
Other Extraction Workers                                       400   $27,900       4.0         335   $30,272       0.0

INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics,
  Installers and Repairers                                  11,685   $40,308      11.4      10,070   $41,496      11.6
Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine
  Repairers                                                  7,440   $31,718      15.9       5,535   $35,979      16.8
Radio and Telecommunications Equipment Installers
  and Repairers                                              6,905   $40,271       7.5       5,700   $41,793       6.8
Avionics Technicians                                           435   $31,406      11.4         370   $33,167      13.6
Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related  Repairers           1,275   $29,864       4.5       1,015   $33,750       3.4
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Transportation
  Equipment                                                    185   $36,667      13.6         175   $37,153      10.2
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Industrial and
  Utility                                                      555   $45,863       9.0         455   $49,643       5.5
Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor
  Vehicles                                                     305   $35,104       0.0         230   $39,167       0.0
Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers
  and Repairers                                              1,295   $21,103      11.7         880   $26,312      11.5
Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers                   1,150   $29,730       7.0         925   $33,822       7.0
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians                   2,910   $33,419       5.7       2,465   $35,750       4.9
Automotive Body and Related Repairers                        4,165   $29,794       1.5       3,400   $31,513       1.2
Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers                      395   $29,659       1.0         310   $30,000       0.0
Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics                26,330   $26,887       3.3      20,480   $29,703       2.9
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine
  Specialists                                                7,210   $30,727       1.8       5,900   $32,086       1.5
Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service
  Technicians and Mechanics                                  4,930   $32,123       1.9       4,035   $34,801       2.1
Small Engine Mechanics                                       1,180   $20,602       1.8         800   $22,225       1.5
Miscellaneous Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics,
  Installers, and Repairers                                  1,160   $19,531       5.3         805   $22,369       2.0



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Control and Valve Installers and Repairers                     570   $33,800       4.0         440   $35,341       3.2
Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
  Mechanics and Installers                                   9,655   $30,337       4.8       7,975   $32,091       4.2
Home Appliance Repairers                                     1,090   $30,020       7.5         835   $31,400       4.3
Industrial and Refractory Machinery Mechanics               14,360   $33,226       2.8      11,945   $35,425       2.6
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General                     10,655   $28,773       5.1       8,275   $30,767       4.7
Maintenance Workers, Machinery                                 540   $31,520       3.9         435   $34,598       4.8
Millwrights                                                  1,180   $41,962       4.7         965   $46,445       5.8
Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers               2,780   $44,289       1.3       2,400   $46,649       1.2
Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers             5,355   $34,281       7.5       4,365   $36,795       7.4
Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers                 1,675   $34,152      11.7       1,320   $36,960      11.1
Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and
  Repairers                                                  1,255   $21,887       4.1         865   $25,645       3.7
Commercial Divers                                              210   $40,764       4.3         185   $48,036       4.9
Locksmiths and Safe Repairers                                  945   $27,078       5.9         655   $30,090       8.5
Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers               450   $22,688       0.0         280   $25,804       0.0
Riggers                                                        945   $33,194       4.2         655   $37,246       2.3
Signal and Track Switch Repairers                              160   $41,750       8.1         150   $43,000       8.8
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers         480   $17,932       4.8         230   $19,605       5.6
Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers          5,715   $26,800       6.1       4,175   $31,049       6.1

PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and
  Operating Workers                                         30,105   $35,846      12.7      25,615   $37,710      13.1
Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems
  Assemblers                                                    90   $18,125      10.0          65   $20,417       0.0
Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical
  Assemblers                                                 4,765   $20,597       3.7       3,350   $22,874       3.4
Engine and Other Machines Assemblers                           385   $22,245       1.3         275   $24,279       0.0
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters                       470   $30,469       2.1         370   $32,994       2.7
Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators                    23,580   $20,510       3.9      16,430   $23,298       3.3
Bakers                                                       2,825   $16,194       8.9       1,720   $20,313       6.6
Butchers and Other Meat, Poultry, and Fish Processing
  Workers                                                    6,695   $19,647       2.5       4,595   $22,877       2.2
Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine
  Operators and Tenders                                        160   $24,875       0.0          85   $28,594       0.0
Food Batchmakers                                             1,420   $18,143       6.7         935   $21,815       5.2
Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders                     170   $16,964       4.2         120   $19,444       0.0
Computer Control Programmers and Operators                     395   $27,439      12.6         345   $28,694      14.5
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators,
  and Tenders, Metal and Plastic                               395   $30,404       3.0         305   $31,311       2.3
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders,
  Metal and Plastic                                             90   $22,500      12.5          65   $26,042       0.0
Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders,
  Metal and Plastic                                            325   $21,483       4.6         260   $23,476       2.3
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters,
  Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic                   1,450   $23,942       1.9       1,030   $27,897       2.3



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators,
  and Tenders, Metal and Plastic                               220   $26,522       0.0         160   $30,109       0.0
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine
  Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal
   and Plastic                                               1,240   $25,759       1.9         920   $27,182       1.0
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators,
  and Tenders, Metal and Plastic                               375   $26,165       3.7         285   $26,993       4.2
Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and
  Tenders, Metal and Plastic                                    55   $41,250       0.0          50   $41,750       0.0
Machinists                                                   8,395   $31,432       2.9       7,145   $32,299       2.9
Metal Furnace and Kiln Operators and Tenders                   655   $27,411       0.9         500   $30,385       0.0
Model Makers and Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic              215   $36,111      24.8         170   $38,269      27.4
Molders and Molding Machine Setters, Operators, and
  Tenders, Metal and Plastic                                 1,710   $23,340       1.1       1,210   $26,098       1.6
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders,
  Metal and Plastic                                            210   $23,828       6.2         170   $25,685       7.6
Tool and Die Makers                                            790   $35,694       0.0         735   $36,917       0.0
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Workers                     12,115   $28,753       1.6       9,050   $30,952       1.9
Heat Treating Equipment Equipment Setters, Operators,
  and Tenders, Metal and Plastic                               140   $32,361       2.9         135   $32,721       0.0
Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic                             955   $29,023       2.6         540   $30,988       2.6
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, operators, and
  Tenders, Metal and Plastic                                   335   $24,167       0.0         285   $24,856       0.0
Tool Grinders, Filers and Sharpeners                           355   $29,583       2.0         250   $35,987       2.8
Metalworkers and Plastic Workers, All Others                10,360   $26,177       3.0       8,255   $27,367       3.1
Bookbinders and Bindery Workers                              1,350   $22,142       4.7         960   $23,750       3.0
Job Printers                                                 1,945   $27,436      10.8       1,515   $31,043      11.3
Prepress Technicians and Workers                             2,045   $25,837      15.7       1,515   $29,564      16.5
Printing Machine Operators                                   5,205   $30,429       5.6       4,270   $31,500       5.6
Laundry and Dry Cleaning Workers                             4,900   $13,781       3.7       2,595   $18,025       3.7
Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials            2,040   $13,927       4.6       1,095   $16,250       1.5
Sewing Machine Operators                                    13,915   $15,670       2.0       8,550   $18,424       1.8
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers                         300   $20,764       6.7         220   $22,122       2.7
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders                              45   $14,531       0.0          45   $14,844       0.0
Tailors, Dressmakers, and Sewers                             2,865   $14,349      11.2       1,360   $19,120      12.3
Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and
  Tenders                                                      750   $19,650       1.5         495   $21,557       2.2
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and
  Tenders                                                      460   $16,545       0.4         295   $20,357       0.0
Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters,
  Operators, and Tenders                                     2,845   $22,320       1.6       1,920   $23,026       0.6
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine
  Setters, Operators, and Tenders                            2,000   $19,352       1.5       1,425   $21,011       1.5
Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and
  Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers                          120   $45,000       0.0          85   $45,938       0.0
Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers                                50   $19,500      33.3          20   $20,000       0.0
Upholsterers                                                 1,200   $20,679       4.6         815   $24,468       6.7
Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other         2,205   $20,489       2.8       1,500   $21,538       2.2



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters                           2,645   $22,388       6.3       1,865   $25,721       3.9
Furniture Finishers                                          1,205   $17,461       5.3         785   $22,647       1.5
Model Makers and Patternmakers, Wood                            45   $20,368      18.6          35   $19,773      22.2
Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood         2,770   $19,949       1.5       1,995   $22,101       0.4
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders,
  Except Sawing                                              1,795   $17,213       2.6       1,195   $19,943       2.2
Woodworkers, All Other                                         785   $19,288       8.9         590   $22,704       8.5
Power Plant Operators, Distributors, and Dispatchers         1,055   $49,328      10.6         865   $51,463       9.7
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators                    3,215   $36,687       7.6       2,640   $37,955       6.7
Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System
  Workers                                                    2,530   $30,759       7.6       2,225   $31,588       7.5
Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators                     1,015   $37,056       4.6         850   $40,307       4.7
Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators,
  and Tenders                                                1,875   $36,617       7.7       1,490   $41,609       6.0
Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, and Blending
  Workers                                                    2,660   $23,785       1.9       1,805   $26,849       1.6
Cutting Workers                                              2,120   $20,666       2.4       1,440   $24,422       1.1
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine
  Setters, Operators, and Tenders                            1,315   $27,414       0.9         955   $30,662       0.5
Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and
  Tenders                                                      455   $24,648       5.7         310   $27,105       8.4
Inspectors, Testers, Sorter, Samplers, and Weighers         22,810   $24,502      11.7      16,690   $28,650      12.0
Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers                  915   $22,538      24.5         555   $28,576      22.6
Medical, Dental and Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians        1,790   $23,856      12.2       1,285   $27,346      13.5
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders          8,225   $17,657       2.8       5,155   $20,868       3.1
Painting Workers                                             4,185   $23,589       3.0       3,100   $26,808       2.4
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine
  Workers                                                    1,855   $16,025      10.8       1,105   $23,102      10.4
Semiconductor Processors                                       120   $31,397       0.0         110   $31,638       0.0
Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders             675   $16,599       3.6         455   $20,530       5.3
Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment
  Operators and Tenders                                        260   $21,225      10.0         160   $29,063       3.8
Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders           150   $31,705       0.0         120   $36,250       0.0
Etchers and Engravers                                          320   $18,468      10.1         225   $22,500      14.2
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, except Metal and
  Plastic                                                      870   $19,890      18.7         565   $25,662      21.7
Paper Goods Machines Setters, Operators, and Tenders         1,165   $36,290       1.0         925   $38,981       1.3
Tire Builders                                                1,430   $40,313       2.7       1,290   $41,607       2.9
Helpers-Production Workers                                   1,255   $21,257       2.8         865   $22,139       3.7
Production Workers, All Other                               36,850   $22,445       3.7      26,075   $26,521       3.4

TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS
Supervisors, Transportation and Material Moving
  Workers                                                    6,440   $32,231      14.6       5,175   $34,461      14.5
Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers                         4,015   $61,104      81.2       2,755   $61,002      80.9
Air Traffic Controllers and Airfield Operations
  Specialists                                                1,660   $63,112      36.3       1,490   $66,776      38.8



TABLE 2.  EARNINGS BY DETAILED OCCUPATION: 1999                                                                                             
          (Data for Civilian Noninstitutional Workers From the 2000 Census. Workers who worked 50 weeks
          or more and 35 or more hours per week in 1999 were classified as year-round full-time workers.)

          VIRGINIA; BOTH SEXES

                                                                               Percent  Year-round             Percent
                                                            Worked    Median   College   Full-time    Median   College
                                                           in 1999  Earnings Graduates     Workers  Earnings Graduates
Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency
  Medical Technicians                                          140   $16,786       0.0          80   $26,750       0.0
Bus Drivers                                                 15,465   $12,620       4.4       4,420   $21,981       3.9
Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers                      77,855   $26,463       3.6      55,380   $30,000       3.1
Taxi Drivers and Chauffers                                   6,950   $16,263      18.2       3,430   $20,884      15.4
Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other                             325   $15,417       6.8         110   $30,104       9.9
Locomotive Engineers and Operators                           1,155   $50,697       9.9         945   $51,139       8.7
Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators                   100   $34,643       6.9          70   $46,250      10.0
Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters                          1,165   $43,535       9.4         905   $45,400      10.7
Subway, Streetcar, and Other Rail Transportation
  Workers                                                      310   $39,487      13.1         230   $41,793       8.7
Sailors and Marine Oilers                                      820   $21,034       7.9         480   $22,898       9.2
Ship and Boat Captains and Operators                           950   $46,563      20.9         515   $53,958      23.2
Ship Engineers                                                 615   $46,506      27.1         480   $50,833      29.7
Bridge and Lock Tenders                                        100   $31,842       0.0          50   $40,536       0.0
Parking Lot Attendants                                       1,375   $13,967       9.2         660   $19,117       6.5
Service Station Attendants                                   1,715   $14,264       5.4         895   $17,560       6.4
Transportation Inspectors                                      890   $40,011      21.5         785   $40,459      22.1
Other Transportation Workers                                   520   $28,539      13.1         405   $29,975      15.1
Conveyor Operators and Tenders                                 150   $19,306       7.4          85   $26,250       7.1
Crane and Tower Operators                                    2,370   $36,108       2.1       1,815   $38,737       2.0
Dredge, Excavating, and Loading Machine Operators            1,625   $27,917       0.5       1,195   $30,214       0.0
Hoist and Winch Operators                                      300   $27,381       5.4         215   $34,750       5.5
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators                      11,615   $22,118       1.8       8,600   $24,219       1.9
Cleaners of  Vehicles and Equipment                          6,295   $16,109       4.3       3,405   $20,832       4.9
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Materials Movers,
  Hand                                                      37,300   $18,874       3.6      22,865   $23,099       3.7
Machine Feeders and Offbearers                               1,690   $18,407       2.5       1,025   $21,158       2.5
Packers and Packagers, Hand                                  9,075   $15,194       2.8       4,955   $18,967       3.1
Pumping Station Operators                                      305   $31,357       4.9         225   $33,333       6.7
Refuse and Recyclable Materials Collectors                   1,785   $17,027       3.2       1,130   $21,491       3.2
Shuttle Car Operators                                          250   $27,880       0.0         125   $28,583       0.0
Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders                              190   $21,000       0.0         165   $21,042       0.0
Material Moving Workers, All Other                           1,685   $21,976       4.2       1,250   $25,851       2.2

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Income |  Last Revised: June 03, 2010