Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Information about the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about what we do at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
"Changes in the Definition of Poverty," from Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: 1980" (P60-133) [PDF - 8M]
Describes technical adjustments to the poverty measure made by a federal interagency committee in 1980-1981.
OMB Statistical Policy Directive 14 (1978)
The Office of Management and Budget's directive establishing the official poverty measure for federal agencies to use in their statistical work.
The Measure of Poverty (1976)
A series of technical papers about poverty measurement performed for the Poverty Studies Task Force of the Federal Interagency Committee on Education.
Family Food Plans and Food Costs (1962) [PDF - 9.5M]
Includes the Economy Food Plan, used by Orshansky to develop poverty thresholds.