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Census.govPopulation Poverty Main Poverty DataDecennial CensusCensus 1960, 1970, 1980 › Person by Poverty Status in 1969, 1979, 1989 by State

Person by Poverty Status in 1969, 1979, 1989 by State

CPH-L-162. PERSONS BY POVERTY STATUS IN 1969, 1979, AND 1989, BY STATE

______________________________________________________________________
                                            1969
                      ________________________________________________
                                  All          Below          Percent
                               income         poverty           below
                               levels           level         poverty
______________________________________________________________________
UNITED STATES, TOTAL      198,059,959      27,124,985            13.7

         NORTHEAST         47,931,199       4,820,503            10.1
New England                11,488,630       1,033,081             9.0
 Maine                        962,333         131,271            13.6
 New Hampshire                712,530          64,807             9.1
 Vermont                      426,226          51,621            12.1
 Massachusetts              5,523,939         473,200             8.6
 Rhode Island                 905,130          99,997            11.0
 Connecticut                2,958,472         212,185             7.2
Middle Atlantic            36,442,569       3,787,422            10.4
 New York                  17,854,680       1,985,954            11.1
 New Jersey                 7,043,512         573,674             8.1
 Pennsylvania              11,544,377       1,227,794            10.6

     MIDWEST               55,221,923       5,951,611            10.8
East North Central         39,372,144       3,886,891             9.9
 Ohio                      10,434,754       1,041,348            10.0
 Indiana                    5,071,114         493,379             9.7
 Illinois                  10,864,707       1,112,145            10.2
 Michigan                   8,697,689         819,438             9.4
 Wisconsin                  4,303,880         420,581             9.8
West North Central         15,849,779       2,064,720            13.0
 Minnesota                  3,711,468         397,662            10.7
 Iowa                       2,743,944         318,605            11.6
 Missouri                   4,556,830         672,092            14.7
 North Dakota                 592,871          93,086            15.7
 South Dakota                 640,631         119,543            18.7
 Nebraska                   1,436,577         188,235            13.1
 Kansas                     2,167,458         275,497            12.7

     SOUTH                 61,051,406      12,388,040            20.3
South Atlantic             29,744,685       5,242,305            17.6
 Delaware                     532,911          58,155            10.9
 Maryland                   3,825,999         386,579            10.1
 District of Columbia         724,306         123,109            17.0
 Virginia                   4,458,506         690,615            15.5
 West Virginia              1,708,917         380,113            22.2
 North Carolina             4,905,849         996,309            20.3
 South Carolina             2,489,935         594,938            23.9
 Georgia                    4,460,755         924,262            20.7
 Florida                    6,637,507       1,088,225            16.4
East South Central         12,494,486       3,178,571            25.4
 Kentucky                   3,130,413         718,313            22.9
 Tennessee                  3,831,231         836,405            21.8
 Alabama                    3,368,487         857,248            25.4
 Mississippi                2,164,355         766,605            35.4
West South Central         18,812,235       3,967,164            21.1
 Arkansas                   1,880,560         522,969            27.8
 Louisiana                  3,551,429         932,671            26.3
 Oklahoma                   2,473,389         464,931            18.8
 Texas                     10,906,857       2,046,593            18.8

     WEST                  33,855,431       3,964,831            11.7
Mountain                    8,071,947       1,137,716            14.1
 Montana                      676,437          91,669            13.6
 Idaho                        695,905          91,578            13.2
 Wyoming                      323,891          37,868            11.7
 Colorado                   2,133,176         263,224            12.3
 New Mexico                   994,258         227,120            22.8
 Arizona                    1,732,836         264,430            15.3
 Utah                       1,035,801         118,349            11.4
 Nevada                       479,643          43,478             9.1
Pacific                    25,783,484       2,827,115            11.0
 Washington                 3,300,222         335,597            10.2
 Oregon                     2,043,048         234,848            11.5
 California                19,425,370       2,152,716            11.1

 Alaska                       279,970          35,411            12.6
 Hawaii                       734,874          68,543             9.3

______________________________________________________________________
                                            1979
                      ________________________________________________
                                  All          Below          Percent
                               income         poverty           below
                               levels           level         poverty
______________________________________________________________________
UNITED STATES, TOTAL      220,845,766      27,392,580            12.4

         NORTHEAST         47,888,985       5,342,718            11.2
New England                11,956,090       1,144,486             9.6
 Maine                      1,087,369         140,996            13.0
 New Hampshire                891,649          75,364             8.5
 Vermont                      489,939          59,059            12.1
 Massachusetts              5,550,330         532,458             9.6
 Rhode Island                 914,026          93,959            10.3
 Connecticut                3,022,777         242,650             8.0
Middle Atlantic            35,932,895       4,198,232            11.7
 New York                  17,129,692       2,298,922            13.4
 New Jersey                 7,231,599         689,491             9.5
 Pennsylvania              11,571,604       1,209,819            10.5

     MIDWEST               57,383,005       6,009,909            10.5
East North Central         40,714,778       4,179,421            10.3
 Ohio                      10,567,858       1,088,962            10.3
 Indiana                    5,341,438         516,190             9.7
 Illinois                  11,166,068       1,230,541            11.0
 Michigan                   9,057,409         945,915            10.4
 Wisconsin                  4,582,005         397,813             8.7
West North Central         16,668,227       1,830,488            11.0
 Minnesota                  3,960,608         374,956             9.5
 Iowa                       2,820,271         286,173            10.1
 Missouri                   4,787,950         582,252            12.2
 North Dakota                 627,325          79,324            12.6
 South Dakota                 665,829         112,739            16.9
 Nebraska                   1,522,776         163,326            10.7
 Kansas                     2,283,468         231,718            10.1

     SOUTH                 73,421,320      11,284,586            15.4
South Atlantic             35,960,456       4,996,381            13.9
 Delaware                     577,145          68,408            11.9
 Maryland                   4,118,381         404,560             9.8
 District of Columbia         610,454         113,356            18.6
 Virginia                   5,164,784         611,310            11.8
 West Virginia              1,914,081         286,995            15.0
 North Carolina             5,682,948         839,950            14.8
 South Carolina             3,013,707         500,363            16.6
 Georgia                    5,318,410         884,383            16.6
 Florida                    9,560,546       1,287,056            13.5
East South Central         14,303,583       2,670,066            18.7
 Kentucky                   3,559,034         626,240            17.6
 Tennessee                  4,476,470         736,471            16.5
 Alabama                    3,813,014         719,905            18.9
 Mississippi                2,455,065         587,450            23.9
West South Central         23,157,281       3,618,139            15.6
 Arkansas                   2,234,514         423,552            19.0
 Louisiana                  4,104,836         764,848            18.6
 Oklahoma                   2,933,277         393,866            13.4
 Texas                     13,884,654       2,035,873            14.7

     WEST                  42,152,456       4,755,367            11.3
Mountain                   11,138,004       1,325,794            11.9
 Montana                      767,251          94,280            12.3
 Idaho                        926,257         116,808            12.6
 Wyoming                      459,732          36,268             7.9
 Colorado                   2,813,861         284,898            10.1
 New Mexico                 1,280,599         225,513            17.6
 Arizona                    2,664,821         351,365            13.2
 Utah                       1,436,468         148,005            10.3
 Nevada                       789,015          68,657             8.7
Pacific                    31,014,452       3,429,573            11.1
 Washington                 4,020,181         395,601             9.8
 Oregon                     2,573,423         274,159            10.7
 California                23,106,594       2,626,580            11.4

 Alaska                       387,222          41,615            10.7
 Hawaii                       927,032          91,618             9.9

______________________________________________________________________
                                            1989
                      ________________________________________________
                                  All          Below          Percent
                               income         poverty           below
                               levels           level         poverty
______________________________________________________________________
UNITED STATES, TOTAL      241,977,859      31,742,864            13.1

         NORTHEAST         49,352,506       5,214,372            10.6
New England                12,771,525       1,080,295             8.5
 Maine                      1,189,534         128,466            10.8
 New Hampshire              1,075,703          69,104             6.4
 Vermont                      541,372          53,369             9.9
 Massachusetts              5,812,415         519,339             8.9
 Rhode Island                 964,376          92,670             9.6
 Connecticut                3,188,125         217,347             6.8
Middle Atlantic            36,580,981       4,134,077            11.3
 New York                  17,481,762       2,277,296            13.0
 New Jersey                 7,563,170         573,152             7.6
 Pennsylvania              11,536,049       1,283,629            11.1

     MIDWEST               58,035,788       6,971,020            12.0
East North Central         40,921,678       4,925,374            12.0
 Ohio                      10,574,315       1,325,768            12.5
 Indiana                    5,372,388         573,632            10.7
 Illinois                  11,143,856       1,326,731            11.9
 Michigan                   9,077,016       1,190,698            13.1
 Wisconsin                  4,754,103         508,545            10.7
West North Central         17,114,110       2,045,646            12.0
 Minnesota                  4,259,456         435,331            10.2
 Iowa                       2,676,958         307,420            11.5
 Missouri                   4,970,573         663,075            13.3
 North Dakota                 613,969          88,276            14.4
 South Dakota                 670,383         106,305            15.9
 Nebraska                   1,530,947         170,616            11.1
 Kansas                     2,391,824         274,623            11.5

     SOUTH                 83,106,946      13,065,294            15.7
South Atlantic             42,307,193       5,369,423            12.7
 Delaware                     645,399          56,223             8.7
 Maryland                   4,660,591         385,296             8.3
 District of Columbia         570,826          96,278            16.9
 Virginia                   5,968,596         611,611            10.2
 West Virginia              1,755,331         345,093            19.7
 North Carolina             6,397,185         829,858            13.0
 South Carolina             3,368,125         517,793            15.4
 Georgia                    6,299,654         923,085            14.7
 Florida                   12,641,486       1,604,186            12.7
East South Central         14,774,844       2,781,411            18.8
 Kentucky                   3,582,459         681,827            19.0
 Tennessee                  4,743,685         744,941            15.7
 Alabama                    3,945,798         723,614            18.3
 Mississippi                2,502,902         631,029            25.2
West South Central         26,024,909       4,914,460            18.9
 Arkansas                   2,292,037         437,089            19.1
 Louisiana                  4,101,071         967,002            23.6
 Oklahoma                   3,051,515         509,854            16.7
 Texas                     16,580,286       3,000,515            18.1

     WEST                  51,482,619       6,492,178            12.6
Mountain                   13,358,664       1,865,479            14.0
 Montana                      776,793         124,853            16.1
 Idaho                        985,553         130,588            13.3
 Wyoming                      442,277          52,453            11.9
 Colorado                   3,212,550         375,214            11.7
 New Mexico                 1,484,339         305,934            20.6
 Arizona                    3,584,399         564,362            15.7
 Utah                       1,694,357         192,415            11.4
 Nevada                     1,178,396         119,660            10.2
Pacific                    38,123,955       4,626,699            12.1
 Washington                 4,741,003         517,933            10.9
 Oregon                     2,775,907         344,867            12.4
 California                29,003,219       3,627,585            12.5

 Alaska                       532,474          47,906             9.0
 Hawaii                     1,071,352          88,408             8.3
______________________________________________________________________
Source:  1970 Census of Population, PC(1)-C1 "General Social and Economic
         Characteristics", table 182.
         1980 Census of Population, PC80-1-C1 "General Social and Economic
         Characteristics", table 245.
         1990 Census of Population, CP-2-1 "Social and Economic
         Characteristics", table 154.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: September 28, 2010