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Historical Poverty Tables - Poverty by Definition of Income (R&D) Table 2

Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       ALL RACES                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
         With & Without Children Under 18 Years                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........    74,340     6,065     8.2    56,755     2,406     4.2     4,440       498    11.2    13,146     3,161    24.0 
    2000 11/....    72,388     5,589     7.7    55,611     2,315     4.2     4,252       445    10.5    12,525     2,829    22.6 
    1999........    72,031     6,002     8.3    55,315     2,292     4.1     4,028       435    10.8    12,687     3,275    25.8 
    1998........    71,551     6,428     9.0    54,778     2,484     4.5     3,977       419    10.5    12,796     3,525    27.5 
    1997........    70,884     6,521     9.2    54,321     2,387     4.4     3,911       456    11.7    12,652     3,678    29.1 
    1996........    70,241     6,859     9.8    53,604     2,565     4.8     3,847       454    11.8    12,790     3,840    30.0 
    1995........    69,597     6,617     9.5    53,570     2,553     4.8     3,513       410    11.7    12,514     3,654    29.2 
    1994........    69,313     7,263    10.5    53,865     2,822     5.2     3,228       482    14.9    12,220     3,959    32.4 
    1993 10/....    68,504     7,608    11.1    53,179     2,975     5.6     2,914       442    15.2    12,411     4,192    33.8 
    1992 9/.....    68,216     7,370    10.8    53,090     2,905     5.5     3,065       448    14.6    12,061     4,016    33.3 
    1981 8/.....    67,175     6,888    10.3    52,457     2,668     5.1     3,025       353    11.7    11,693     3,867    33.1 
    1990........    66,322     6,350     9.6    52,147     2,537     4.9     2,907       314    10.8    11,268     3,499    31.1 
    1989........    66,090     6,019     9.1    52,137     2,407     4.6     2,883       300    10.4    10,890     3,312    30.4 
    1988........    65,837     6,220     9.4    52,100     2,493     4.8     2,847       297    10.4    10,890     3,430    31.5 
    1987 7/.....    65,204     6,260     9.6    51,675     2,567     5.0     2,834       297    10.5    10,696     3,396    31.7 
    1986........    64,491     6,283     9.7    51,537     2,669     5.2     2,510       256    10.2    10,445     3,358    32.1 
    1985........    63,558     6,440    10.1    50,933     2,909     5.7     2,414       278    11.5    10,211     3,253    31.9 
    1984........    62,706     6,451    10.3    50,350     2,958     5.9     2,228       262    11.8    10,129     3,231    31.9 
    1983 6/.....    62,015     6,860    11.1    50,081     3,277     6.5     2,038       247    12.1     9,896     3,336    33.7 
    1982........    61,393     6,612    10.8    49,908     3,175     6.4     2,016       256    12.7     9,469     3,181    33.6 
    1981 5/.....    61,019     5,930     9.7    49,630     2,799     5.6     1,986       176     8.9     9,403     2,955    31.4 
    1980........    60,309     5,514     9.1    49,294     2,574     5.2     1,933       187     9.7     9,082     2,753    30.3 
    1979 4/.....    59,550     4,911     8.2    49,112     2,296     4.7     1,733       160     9.2     8,705     2,455    28.2 
    1978........    57,804     4,879     8.4    47,692     2,247     4.7     1,655       141     8.5     8,458     2,491    29.5 
    1977........    57,215     4,908     8.6    47,385     2,275     4.8     1,594       172    10.8     8,236     2,460    29.9 
    1976........    56,710     4,962     8.8    47,497     2,408     5.1     1,500       148     9.8     7,713     2,407    31.2 
    1975........    56,245     5,076     9.0    47,318     2,661     5.6     1,444       111     7.7     7,482     2,304    30.8 
    1974 3/.....    55,698     4,661     8.4    47,069     2,311     4.9     1,399       118     8.4     7,230     2,232    30.9 
    1973........    55,053     4,624     8.4    46,812     2,341     5.0     1,438       152    10.6     6,804     2,123    31.2 
    1972........    54,373     4,839     8.9    46,314     2,640     5.7     1,452       138     9.5     6,607     2,088    31.6 
    1971 2/.....    53,296     5,170     9.7    45,752     2,928     6.4     1,353       164    12.1     6,191     2,062    33.3 
    1970........    52,227     5,066     9.7    44,739     2,998     6.7     1,487       171    11.5     6,001     1,908    31.8 
    1969........    51,586     4,901     9.5    44,436     2,933     6.6     1,559       196    12.6     5,591     1,811    32.4 
    1968........    50,511     5,051    10.0    43,842     3,113     7.1     1,228       182    14.8     5,441     1,752    32.2 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       ALL RACES                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
         With Children Under 18 Years                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........    38,427     4,618    12.0    26,931     1,439     5.3     2,325       352    15.1     9,171     2,827    30.8 
    2000 11/....    37,327     4,256    11.4    26,563     1,385     5.2     2,254       338    15.0     8,510     2,533    29.8 
    1999........    37,277     4,668    12.5    26,373     1,439     5.5     2,169       326    15.0     8,736     2,903    33.2 
    1998........    37,268     5,035    13.5    26,226     1,551     5.9     2,107       302    14.3     8,934     3,183    35.6 
    1997........    37,427     5,293    14.1    26,430     1,582     6.0     2,175       365    16.8     8,822     3,346    37.9 
    1996........    37,204     5,491    14.8    26,184     1,666     6.4     2,063       351    17.0     8,957     3,475    38.8 
    1995........    36,719     5,303    14.4    26,034     1,687     6.5     1,934       321    16.6     8,751     3,296    37.7 
    1994........    36,782     5,850    15.9    26,367     1,919     7.3     1,751       346    19.8     8,665     3,585    41.4 
    1993 10/....    36,456     6,232    17.1    26,119     2,054     7.9     1,577       333    21.1     8,758     3,843    43.9 
    1992 9/.....    35,851     5,938    16.6    25,907     1,948     7.5     1,569       326    20.8     8,375     3,665    43.8 
    1981 8/.....    34,862     5,622    16.1    25,357     1,812     7.1     1,513       277    18.3     7,992     3,534    44.2 
    1990........    34,503     5,129    14.9    25,410     1,687     6.6     1,386       234    16.9     7,707     3,208    41.6 
    1989........    34,279     4,803    14.0    25,476     1,564     6.1     1,358       204    15.0     7,445     3,035    40.8 
    1988........    34,255     4,940    14.4    25,599     1,595     6.2     1,292       209    16.2     7,363     3,136    42.6 
    1987 7/.....    33,996     4,995    14.7    25,464     1,704     6.7     1,316       211    16.0     7,216     3,080    42.7 
    1986........    33,801     5,020    14.9    25,571     1,774     6.9     1,136       180    15.9     7,094     3,066    43.2 
    1985........    33,536     5,082    15.2    25,496     1,941     7.6     1,147       178    15.6     6,892     2,962    43.0 
    1984........    32,942     5,099    15.5    25,038     2,023     8.1     1,072       173    16.2     6,832     2,902    42.5 
    1983 6/.....    32,787     5,338    16.3    25,216     2,222     8.8       949       177    18.6     6,622     2,939    44.4 
    1982........    32,565     5,149    15.8    25,276     2,110     8.3       892       167    18.7     6,397     2,871    44.9 
    1981 5/.....    32,587     4,577    14.0    25,278     1,814     7.2       822       102    12.4     6,488     2,661    41.0 
    1980........    32,773     4,326    13.2    25,671     1,692     6.6       802       124    15.5     6,299     2,510    39.9 
    1979 4/.....    32,397     3,729    11.5    25,615     1,383     5.4       747       105    14.1     6,035     2,241    37.1 
    1978........    31,735     3,788    11.9    25,199     1,363     5.4       699       101    14.4     5,837     2,325    39.8 
    1977........    31,637     3,815    12.1    25,284     1,462     5.8       644        95    14.7     5,709     2,258    39.6 
    1976........    31,434     3,812    12.1    25,515     1,505     5.9       610        86    14.1     5,310     2,222    41.8 
    1975........    31,377     3,926    12.5    25,704     1,717     6.7       554        64    11.6     5,119     2,145    41.9 
    1974 3/.....    31,319     3,617    11.5    25,857     1,470     5.7       545        78    14.2     4,917     2,069    42.1 
    1973........    30,977     3,376    10.9    25,983     1,377     5.3       397        64    16.1     4,597     1,926    41.9 
    1972........    30,807     3,481    11.3    26,085     1,539     5.9       401        55    13.8     4,321     1,875    43.4 
    1971 2/.....    30,725     3,564    11.6    26,201     1,703     6.5       447        69    15.5     4,077     1,794    44.0 
    1970........    30,070     3,368    11.2    25,789     1,650     6.4       444        71    15.9     3,837     1,642    42.8 
    1969........    29,827     3,162    10.6    26,083     1,591     6.1       360        64    17.7     3,384     1,509    44.6 
    1968........    29,325     3,343    11.4    25,684     1,798     7.0       372        81    21.8     3,269     1,455    44.5 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       WHITE                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                 
    With & Without Children Under 18 Years                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........    61,647     4,025     6.5    49,612     1,950     3.9     3,394       334     9.8     8,641     1,741    20.2 
    2000 11/....    60,222     3,705     6.2    48,655     1,899     3.9     3,274       301     9.2     8,293     1,505    18.1 
    1999........    60,256     3,891     6.5    48,794     1,843     3.8     3,082       310    10.1     8,380     1,739    20.7 
    1998........    60,077     4,289     7.1    48,461     2,073     4.3     3,087       273     8.8     8,529     1,943    22.8 
    1997........    59,515     4,368     7.3    48,070     1,927     4.0     3,137       337    10.7     8,308     2,105    25.3 
    1996........    58,934     4,445     7.5    47,650     2,049     4.3     2,944       309    10.5     8,339     2,087    25.0 
    1995........    58,872     4,318     7.3    47,877     2,070     4.3     2,712       287    10.6     8,284     1,962    23.7 
    1994........    58,444     4,717     8.1    47,905     2,251     4.7     2,508       310    12.4     8,031     2,156    26.8 
    1993 10/....    57,881     4,842     8.4    47,452     2,319     4.9     2,298       289    12.6     8,131     2,234    27.5 
    1992 9/.....    57,669     4,668     8.1    47,383     2,272     4.8     2,418       307    12.7     7,868     2,089    26.5 
    1981 8/.....    57,225     4,423     7.7    47,124     2,180     4.6     2,374       228     9.6     7,727     2,015    26.1 
    1990........    56,803     4,072     7.2    47,014     2,033     4.3     2,276       195     8.6     7,512     1,844    24.5 
    1989........    56,590     3,852     6.8    46,981     1,921     4.1     2,303       192     8.3     7,306     1,739    23.8 
    1988........    56,492     3,981     7.0    46,877     1,962     4.2     2,274       194     8.5     7,342     1,825    24.9 
    1987 7/.....    56,086     4,032     7.2    46,510     2,025     4.4     2,279       200     8.8     7,297     1,807    24.8 
    1986........    55,676     4,242     7.6    46,410     2,209     4.8     2,038       154     7.6     7,227     1,878    26.0 
    1985........    54,991     4,395     8.0    45,924     2,394     5.2     1,956       197    10.1     7,111     1,803    25.4 
    1984........    54,400     4,281     7.9    45,643     2,405     5.3     1,816       164     9.0     6,941     1,713    24.7 
    1983 6/.....    53,890     4,631     8.6    45,470     2,682     5.9     1,624       151     9.3     6,796     1,798    26.5 
    1982........    53,407     4,456     8.3    42,252     2,610     5.8     1,648       171    10.4     6,507     1,675    25.7 
    1981 5/.....    53,269     3,969     7.4    45,007     2,232     5.0     1,642       126     7.7     6,620     1,610    24.3 
    1980........    52,710     3,692     7.0    44,860     2,060     4.6     1,584       132     8.4     6,266     1,500    23.9 
    1979 4/.....    52,243     3,186     6.1    44,751     1,813     4.1     1,441       121     8.4     6,052     1,252    20.7 
    1978........    50,910     3,234     6.4    43,636     1,849     4.2     1,355        91     6.7     5,918     1,294    21.9 
    1977........    50,530     3,264     6.5    43,423     1,841     4.2     1,278       107     8.3     5,828     1,316    22.6 
    1976........    50,083     3,311     6.6    43,397     1,909     4.4     1,219        99     8.1     5,467     1,303    23.8 
    1975........    49,873     3,555     7.1    43,311     2,161     5.0     1,182        78     6.6     5,380     1,316    24.5 
    1974 3/.....    49,440     3,173     6.4    43,049     1,852     4.3     1,182        83     7.0     5,208     1,238    23.8 
    1973........    48,919     3,082     6.3    43,805     1,884     4.3      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     4,853     1,145    23.6 
    1972........    48,477     3,296     6.8    42,585     2,087     4.9     1,220        99     8.1     4,672     1,103    23.6 
    1971 2/.....    47,641     3,668     7.7    42,039     2,354     5.6     1,113       118    10.6     4,489     1,167    26.0 
    1970........    46,601     3,588     7.7    41,092     2,424     5.9     1,101       101     9.2     4,408     1,076    24.4 
    1969........    46,261     3,516     7.6    40,802     2,326     5.7     1,294       133    10.3     4,165     1,062    25.5 
    1968........    45,437     3,590     7.9    40,355     2,462     6.1     1,029       129    12.5     4,053     1,017    25.1 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       WHITE                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                 
         With Children Under 18 Years                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........    30,430     2,946     9.7    22,854     1,156     5.1     1,817       246    13.5     5,759     1,544    26.8 
    2000 11/....    29,747     2,730     9.2    22,609     1,145     5.1     1,782       238    13.4     5,356     1,346    25.1 
    1999........    29,841     2,927     9.8    22,660     1,157     5.1     1,681       236    14.0     5,500     1,535    27.9 
    1998........    29,984     3,250    10.8    22,634     1,275     5.6     1,660       206    12.4     5,691     1,769    31.1 
    1997........    30,060     3,448    11.5    22,783     1,263     5.5     1,774       279    15.7     5,502     1,906    34.6 
    1996........    29,826     3,412    11.4    22,757     1,310     5.8     1,567       236    15.1     5,501     1,865    33.9 
    1995........    29,713     3,348    11.3    22,663     1,338     5.9     1,496       227    15.2     5,554     1,783    32.1 
    1994........    29,548     3,625    12.3    22,839     1,489     6.5     1,318       216    16.4     5,390     1,920    35.6 
    1993 10/....    29,234     3,824    13.1    22,670     1,598     7.0     1,203       218    18.1     5,361     2,008    37.5 
    1992 9/.....    28,790     3,645    12.7    22,440     1,508     6.7     1,250       230    18.4     5,099     1,906    37.4 
    1981 8/.....    28,368     3,490    12.3    22,213     1,480     6.7     1,187       182    15.3     4,968     1,828    36.8 
    1990........    28,117     3,151    11.2    22,289     1,331     6.0     1,042       145    13.9     4,786     1,675    35.0 
    1989........    27,977     2,925    10.5    22,271     1,217     5.5     1,079       132    12.2     4,627     1,576    34.1 
    1988........    27,999     3,012    10.8    22,435     1,233     5.5     1,011       124    12.3     4,553     1,655    36.3 
    1987 7/.....    27,930     3,111    11.1    22,336     1,334     6.0     1,047       149    14.2     4,548     1,628    35.8 
    1986........    27,929     3,259    11.7    22,466     1,463     6.5       911       112    12.3     4,552     1,683    37.0 
    1985........    27,795     3,323    12.0    22,399     1,577     7.0       926       124    13.4     4,470     1,622    36.3 
    1984........    27,380     3,257    11.9    22,181     1,613     7.3       862       100    11.6     4,337     1,544    35.6 
    1983 6/.....    27,303     3,464    12.7    22,361     1,783     8.0       732       109    14.9     4,210     1,572    37.3 
    1982........    27,118     3,300    12.2    22,390     1,710     7.6       692       106    15.3     4,037     1,485    36.8 
    1981 5/.....    27,223     2,905    10.7    22,334     1,418     6.3       652        68    10.4     4,237     1,419    33.5 
    1980........    27,416     2,756    10.1    22,793     1,325     5.8       628        90    14.4     3,995     1,340    33.5 
    1979 4/.....    27,329     2,274     8.3    22,878     1,062     4.6       584        73    12.6     3,866     1,139    29.5 
    1978........    26,907     2,332     8.7    22,601     1,087     4.8       527        58    11.1     3,780     1,187    31.4 
    1977........    26,924     2,399     8.9    22,703     1,151     5.1       486        55    11.4     3,735     1,193    31.9 
    1976........    26,812     2,396     8.9    22,872     1,146     5.0       483        58    12.0     3,456     1,192    34.5 
    1975........    26,975     2,600     9.6    23,134     1,344     5.8       435        49    11.2     3,406     1,207    35.4 
    1974 3/.....    26,890     2,332     8.7    23,219     1,142     4.9       427        50    11.7     3,244     1,140    35.1 
    1973........    26,694     2,082     7.8      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     2,988     1,019    34.1 
    1972........    26,763     2,141     8.0      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     2,748       948    34.5 
    1971 2/.....    26,745     2,300     8.6      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     2,664       962    36.1 
    1970........    26,256     2,153     8.2      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
    1969........    26,307     2,052     7.8      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
    1968........    25,803     2,167     8.4      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       BLACK                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                 
    With & Without Children Under 18 Years                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........     8,847     1,668    18.9     4,234       287     6.8       775       132    17.1     3,838     1,248    32.5 
    2000 11/....     8,814     1,551    17.6     4,290       232     5.4       762       115    15.2     3,762     1,203    32.0 
    1999........     8,664     1,737    20.0     4,144       250     6.0       706        93    13.2     3,814     1,394    36.5 
    1998........     8,452     1,791    21.2     3,979       243     6.1       660       110    16.6     3,813     1,438    37.7 
    1997........     8,408     1,827    21.7     3,921       278     7.1       562        98    17.5     3,926     1,451    37.0 
    1996........     8,455     2,032    24.0     3,851       315     8.2       657       118    18.0     3,947     1,599    40.5 
    1995........     8,055     1,916    23.8     3,713       265     7.1       573        97    17.0     3,769     1,553    41.2 
    1994........     8,093     2,068    25.6     3,842       300     7.8       536       144    26.9     3,716     1,624    43.7 
    1993 10/....     7,993     2,350    29.4     3,715       408    11.0       450       117    26.0     3,828     1,825    47.7 
    1992 9/.....     7,982     2,329    29.2     3,777       437    11.6       467       107    23.0     3,738     1,785    47.8 
    1981 8/.....     7,716     2,158    28.0     3,631       332     9.1       504       105    20.7     3,582     1,721    48.1 
    1990........     7,471     2,022    27.1     3,569       376    10.5       472        92    19.5     3,430     1,554    45.3 
    1989........     7,470     1,895    25.4     3,750       344     9.2       445        95    21.3     3,275     1,456    44.5 
    1988........     7,409     1,953    26.4     3,722       371    10.0       464        87    18.8     3,223     1,495    46.4 
    1987 7/.....     7,202     1,934    26.9     3,681       371    10.1       433        87    20.1     3,089     1,476    47.8 
    1986........     7,096     1,846    26.0     3,742       349     9.3       386        89    23.1     2,967     1,407    47.4 
    1985........     6,921     1,830    26.4     3,680       375    10.2       368        72    19.7     2,874     1,383    48.1 
    1984........     6,778     1,930    28.5     3,469       420    12.1       344        77    22.4     2,964     1,434    48.4 
    1983 6/.....     6,681     1,982    29.7     3,454       457    13.2       355        81    22.8     2,871     1,445    50.3 
    1982........     6,530     1,946    29.8     3,486       443    12.7       309        75    24.3     2,734     1,427    52.2 
    1981 5/.....     6,413     1,786    27.8     3,535       450    12.7       273        44    16.1     2,605     1,292    49.6 
    1980........     6,317     1,647    26.1     3,392       406    12.0       291        43    14.7     2,634     1,198    45.5 
    1979 4/.....     6,184     1,580    25.6     3,433       404    11.8       256        30    11.7     2,495     1,146    45.9 
    1978........     5,906     1,520    25.7     3,244       333    10.3       272        45    16.5     2,390     1,142    47.8 
    1977........     5,806     1,524    26.2     3,260       378    11.6       269        46    17.3     2,277     1,100    48.3 
    1976........     5,804     1,523    26.2     3,406       418    12.3       246        42    17.0     2,151     1,063    49.4 
    1975........     5,586     1,428    25.6     3,352       439    13.1       230        29    12.6     2,004       961    48.0 
    1974 3/.....     5,491     1,402    25.5     3,357       400    11.9       200        32    15.8     1,934       970    50.2 
    1973........     5,440     1,480    27.2     3,360       477    14.2       231        50    21.8     1,849       949    51.3 
    1972........     5,265     1,469    27.9     3,233       491    15.2       210        39    18.5     1,822       937    51.4 
    1971 2/.....     5,157     1,444    28.0     3,289       530    16.1       226        44    19.5     1,642       867    52.8 
    1970........     5,027     1,433    28.5     3,301       564    17.1       191        45    23.7     1,535       820    53.4 
    1969........     4,887     1,349    27.6     3,323       575    17.3       180        42    23.6     1,384       732    52.9 
    1968........     4,646     1,366    29.4     3,141       609    19.4       178        50    28.2     1,327       705    53.1 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       BLACK                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                 
         With Children Under 18 Years                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........     5,739     1,395    24.3     2,342       176     7.5       404        87    21.6     2,994     1,131    37.8 
    2000 11/....     5,601     1,282    22.9     2,386       127     5.3       383        78    20.4     2,833     1,077    38.0 
    1999........     5,585     1,480    26.5     2,307       164     7.1       385        72    18.6     2,892     1,244    43.0 
    1998........     5,491     1,518    27.6     2,198       161     7.3       353        70    19.8     2,940     1,288    43.8 
    1997........     5,647     1,595    28.2     2,275       187     8.2       312        72    23.0     3,060     1,337    43.7 
    1996........     5,695     1,805    31.7     2,174       218    10.0       400        98    24.5     3,120     1,490    47.7 
    1995........     5,340     1,653    31.0     2,119       183     8.6       337        70    20.8     2,884     1,400    48.6 
    1994........     5,439     1,839    33.8     2,147       218    10.2       341       109    32.0     2,951     1,512    51.2 
    1993 10/....     5,525     2,072    37.5     2,147       273    12.7       295        90    30.5     3,084     1,709    55.4 
    1992 9/.....     5,448     2,014    37.0     2,229       314    14.1       248        74    29.8     2,971     1,625    54.7 
    1981 8/.....     5,143     1,883    36.6     2,129       220    10.3       244        76    31.1     2,771     1,587    57.3 
    1990........     5,069     1,767    34.9     2,104       258    12.3       267        69    25.8     2,698     1,440    53.4 
    1989........     5,031     1,655    32.9     2,179       232    10.7       228        65    28.5     2,624     1,358    51.7 
    1988........     5,010     1,702    34.0     2,181       239    10.9       246        75    30.5     2,583     1,388    53.7 
    1987 7/.....     4,880     1,654    33.9     2,205       247    11.2       222        55    24.8     2,453     1,352    55.1 
    1986........     4,806     1,607    33.4     2,236       226    10.1       185        56    30.5     2,386     1,325    55.5 
    1985........     4,636     1,577    34.0     2,185       247    11.3       182        48    26.5     2,269     1,281    56.5 
    1984........     4,512     1,630    36.1     2,001       289    14.5       175        59    33.6     2,335     1,282    54.9 
    1983 6/.....     4,482     1,665    37.1     2,052       322    15.7       186        57    30.5     2,244     1,286    57.3 
    1982........     4,470     1,681    37.6     2,093       308    14.7       178        56    31.2     2,199     1,317    59.9 
    1981 5/.....     4,455     1,521    34.1     2,202       295    13.4       135        30    21.9     2,118     1,197    56.5 
    1980........     4,465     1,423    31.9     2,154       275    12.8       140        25    17.7     2,171     1,123    51.7 
    1979 4/.....     4,297     1,334    31.0     2,095       257    12.2       139        24    17.3     2,063     1,053    51.1 
    1978........     4,159     1,350    32.4     2,056       222    10.8       157        39    24.5     1,946     1,089    56.0 
    1977........     4,107     1,321    32.2     2,088       268    12.8       140        30    21.5     1,878     1,023    54.5 
    1976........     4,047     1,309    32.3     2,146       292    13.6       120        26    22.1     1,781       990    55.6 
    1975........     3,878     1,249    32.2     2,119       324    15.3       108        14    12.8     1,651       911    55.2 
    1974 3/.....     3,915     1,224    31.3     2,187       287    13.1       105        24    23.1     1,623       912    56.2 
    1973........     3,831     1,237    32.3      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     1,538       880    57.2 
    1972........     3,650     1,252    34.3      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     1,494       883    59.1 
    1971 2/.....     3,660     1,222    33.4      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)     1,369       808    59.0 
    1970........     3,470     1,176    33.9      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
    1969........     3,386     1,080    31.9      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
    1968........     3,218     1,113    34.6      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       HISPANIC ORIGIN /A                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                 
    With & Without Children Under 18 Years                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........     8,516     1,470    17.3     5,778       693    12.0       817       118    14.5     1,922       659    34.3 
    2000 11/....     7,728     1,275    16.5     5,246       634    12.1       736        81    11.0     1,746       560    32.1 
    1999........     7,561     1,353    17.9     5,133       617    12.0       658       102    15.5     1,769       634    35.8 
    1998........     7,273     1,471    20.2     4,945       653    13.2       600       111    18.6     1,728       707    40.9 
    1997........     6,961     1,495    21.5     4,804       693    14.4       545       100    18.3     1,612       702    43.6 
    1996........     6,631     1,524    23.0     4,520       668    14.8       494        94    19.0     1,617       762    47.1 
    1995........     6,287     1,513    24.1     4,247       699    16.5       436        81    18.5     1,604       733    45.7 
    1994........     6,202     1,568    25.3     4,236       731    17.3       480       112    23.4     1,485       725    48.8 
    1993 10/....     5,944     1,472    24.8     4,036       674    16.7       410        72    17.5     1,498       727    48.5 
    1992 9/.....     5,733     1,380    24.1     3,940       635    16.1       445       119    26.8     1,348       626    46.4 
    1981 8/.....     5,177     1,225    23.7     3,532       578    16.4       383        64    16.6     1,261       583    46.3 
    1990........     4,981     1,115    22.4     3,454       532    15.4       342        54    15.8     1,186       529    44.6 
    1989........     4,840     1,011    20.9     3,395       458    13.5       329        41    12.5     1,116       512    45.9 
    1988........     4,823     1,044    21.6     3,398       479    14.1       314        39    12.4     1,112       526    47.3 
    1987 7/.....     4,576     1,059    23.1     3,196       486    15.2       298        37    12.4     1,082       536    49.5 
    1986........     4,403       956    21.7     3,118       436    14.0       253        31    12.3     1,032       489    47.4 
    1985........     4,206       960    22.8     2,962       426    14.4       264        40    15.2       980       494    50.4 
    1984........     3,939       899    22.8     2,824       408    14.4       210        35    16.4       905       456    50.5 
    1983 6/.....     3,788       898    23.7     2,752       427    15.5       177        31    17.8       860       440    51.1 
    1982........     3,369       822    24.4     2,448       394    16.1       153        26    17.0       767       402    52.4 
    1981 5/.....     3,305       706    21.4     2,414       310    12.8       142        22    15.7       750       374    49.9 
    1980........     3,235       669    20.7     2,365       310    13.1       164        25    15.2       706       335    47.4 
    1979 4/.....     3,029       555    18.3     2,282       256    11.2       138        16    11.8       610       282    46.3 
    1978........     2,741       523    19.1     2,089       222    10.6       110        22    20.0       542       278    51.3 
    1977........     2,764       542    19.6     2,104       251    11.9        99        10    10.2       561       281    50.1 
    1976........     2,583       551    21.3     1,978       287    14.5        88         8     9.6       517       256    49.4 
    1975........     2,499       583    23.3     1,896       307    16.2        81        13    15.6       522       263    50.4 
    1974 3/.....     2,475       498    20.1     1,926       262    13.6        87        19    21.6       462       217    47.0 
    1973........     2,365      (NA)    (NA)     1,876      (NA)    (NA)        78      (NA)    (NA)       411      (NA)    (NA) 
.Table RDP-2. Poverty Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1968 to 2001
               (Poverty Thresholds Based on CPI-U-X1)                                                                              
 
(Numbers in thousands.  Families C/ as of March of the following year.)                                                              

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
                                                                              Male householder,          Female householder,     
                        All families           Married-couple families         no wife present            no husband present     
  Year and       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
  Characteristic             Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty               Below Poverty   
                           _________________           _________________           _________________           _________________ 
                     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent     Total    Number Percent 
  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       HISPANIC ORIGIN A/                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                 
         With Children Under 18 Years                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                 
    2001........     5,937     1,260    21.2     3,976       562    14.1       468        96    20.5     1,493       601    40.3 
    2000 11/....     5,363     1,098    20.5     3,650       524    14.4       404        64    15.7     1,309       511    39.0 
    1999........     5,320     1,193    22.4     3,609       523    14.5       358        85    23.9     1,353       584    43.2 
    1998........     5,078     1,292    25.4     3,398       543    16.0       325        87    26.7     1,355       662    48.9 
    1997........     4,910     1,301    26.5     3,293       578    17.6       324        80    24.8     1,292       643    49.7 
    1996........     4,689     1,351    28.8     3,124       562    18.0       291        86    29.6     1,274       703    55.2 
    1995........     4,422     1,321    29.9     2,902       570    19.7       237        64    27.0     1,283       686    53.5 
    1994........     4,377     1,367    31.2     2,923       618    21.1       272        87    32.0     1,182       662    56.0 
    1993 10/....     4,153     1,311    31.6     2,745       576    21.0       239        59    24.7     1,167       673    57.7 
    1992 9/.....     3,962     1,184    29.9     2,692       528    19.6       233        85    36.5     1,037       570    55.0 
    1981 8/.....     3,621     1,102    30.4     2,445       498    20.4       204        56    27.5       972       548    56.4 
    1990........     3,497       980    28.0     2,405       443    18.4       171        39    22.8       921       498    54.1 
    1989........     3,314       885    26.7     2,309       380    16.4       157        30    19.1       848       475    56.0 
    1988........     3,325       916    27.5     2,339       392    16.7       125        31    24.8       861       493    57.3 
    1987 7/.....     3,201       942    29.4     2,197       406    18.5       139        31    22.3       865       505    58.3 
    1986........     3,080       852    27.7     2,134       372    17.4       124        24    19.0       822       457    55.6 
    1985........     2,973       865    29.1     2,068       366    17.7       134        27    20.5       771       472    61.2 
    1984........     2,789       796    28.5     1,977       349    17.7       100        24    24.1       711       422    59.4 
    1983 6/.....     2,697       805    29.9     1,941       372    19.2        95        25    26.8       660       408    61.8 
    1982........     2,458       727    29.6     1,769       340    19.2        75        16    21.5       613       372    60.6 
    1981 5/.....     2,428       625    25.7     1,741       260    14.9        64        11    17.8       622       353    56.7 
    1980........     2,409       586    24.3     1,729       257    14.8        84        15    18.1       596       314    52.7 
    1979 4/.....     2,209       492    22.3     1,647       209    12.7        60        12    19.2       502       271    54.0 
    1978........     2,002       453    22.6     1,503       177    11.8        54        15    26.7       445       261    58.7 
    1977........     2,057       479    23.3     1,542       206    13.3        41         7    15.9       473       267    56.4 
    1976........     1,899       478    25.2     1,434       232    16.2        31         6    18.6       434       241    55.4 
    1975........     1,891       513    27.1     1,418       252    17.8        36        12    33.0       437       249    57.0 
    1974 3/.....     1,834       440    24.0     1,418       216    15.2        37        16    43.3       379       208    55.0 
    1973........     1,726      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA)      (NA)      (NA)    (NA) 

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: September 12, 2012