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Census.govPopulation Poverty Main Poverty DataIncome, Poverty and Health Insurance in the United States1999Tables › People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999

People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999

(Numbers in thousands)


                                                           1999                                                1998                                Difference 1999        
                                                       Below poverty                                       Below poverty                              less 1998           
                                        Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard      Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard     Number   Standard  Poverty 
                                                              Error              Error                            Error              Error                 Error     rate 
PEOPLE                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                          
   Total....................          273,493     32,258        543     11.8       0.2    271,055     34,476        559     12.7       0.2     -2,218        578     -0.9 
                                                                                                                                                                          
FAMILY STATUS                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                          
In families.................          228,633     23,396        471     10.2       0.2    227,229     25,370        489     11.2       0.2     -1,974        504     -0.9 
  Householder...............           72,031      6,676        144      9.3       0.2     71,551      7,186        151     10.0       0.2       -510        155     -0.8 
  Related children under 18.           70,480     11,510        278     16.3       0.4     70,253     12,845        291     18.3       0.4     -1,335        298     -2.0 
   Related children under 6.           23,105      4,170        176     18.0       0.8     23,160      4,775        188     20.6       0.9       -604        191     -2.6 
In unrelated subfamilies....            1,428        558         37     39.1       3.0      1,288        628         40     48.8       3.6        -70         40     -9.7 
  Reference person..........              571        216         23     37.9       4.6        522        247         25     47.4       5.6        -31         25     -9.4 
  Children under 18.........              820        336         52     41.0       7.1        715        361         54     50.5       8.6        -25         55     -9.5 
Unrelated individual........           43,432      8,305        165     19.1       0.4     42,539      8,478        167     19.9       0.4       -173        174     -0.8 
  Male......................           20,806      3,398         97     16.3       0.5     20,394      3,465         98     17.0       0.5        -68        103     -0.7 
  Female....................           22,626      4,907        120     21.7       0.6     22,145      5,013        122     22.6       0.6       -106        127     -0.9 
                                                                                                                                                                          
RACE1                                                                                                                                                                     
White, total................          224,373     21,922        457      9.8       0.2    222,837     23,454        472     10.5       0.2     -1,532        530     -0.8 
  White, not Hispanic ......          193,334     14,875        382      7.7       0.2    192,754     15,799        393      8.2       0.2       -925        442     -0.5 
Black, total................           35,373      8,360        257     23.6       0.7     34,877      9,091        264     26.1       0.8       -731        274     -2.4 
  Black, not Hispanic ......           34,306      8,091        255     23.6       0.7     33,985      8,802        261     25.9       0.8       -711        271     -2.3 
Asian and Pacific Islander, total.     10,916      1,163        105     10.7       1.0     10,873      1,360        110     12.5       1.0       -197        113     -1.9 
  Asian & Pac. Isl., not Hispanic.     10,727      1,118        103     10.4       1.0     10,592      1,284        107     12.1       1.0       -166        110     -1.7 
Hispanic origin2..................     32,669      7,439        244     22.8       0.7     31,515      8,070        250     25.6       0.8       -631        207     -2.8 
 
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999
[Numbers in thousands]

                                                           1999                                                1998                                Difference 1999        
                                                       Below poverty                                       Below poverty                              less 1998           
                                        Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard      Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard     Number   Standard  Poverty 
                                                              Error              Error                            Error              Error                 Error     rate 
                                                                                                                                                                          
RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18                                                                                                                                                 
White.............................     55,274      7,123        227     12.9       0.4     55,126      7,935        238     14.4       0.4       -812        265     -1.5 
  White, not Hispanic ............     44,527      3,921        172      8.8       0.4     44,670      4,458        183     10.0       0.4       -537        203     -1.2 
Black.............................     11,132      3,644        141     32.7       1.4     11,176      4,073        145     36.4       1.5       -429        150     -3.7 
Asian and Pacific Islander........      3,026        348         59     11.5       2.0      3,099        542         73     17.5       2.5       -194         70     -6.0 
Hispanic origin2..................     11,300      3,382        141     29.9       1.4     10,921      3,670        144     33.6       1.5       -288        119     -3.7 
                                                                                                                                                                          
AGE                                                                                                                                                                       
Under 18 years..............           71,731     12,109        284     16.9       0.4     71,338     13,467        296     18.9       0.4     -1,358        304     -2.0 
18 to 64 years..............          169,141     16,982        403     10.0       0.2    167,327     17,623        410     10.5       0.2       -641        426     -0.5 
  18 to 24 years............           26,532      4,603        126     17.3       0.5     25,967      4,312        122     16.6       0.5        291        130      0.7 
  25 to 34 years............           37,786      3,968        122     10.5       0.3     38,474      4,582        130     11.9       0.3       -614        132     -1.4 
  35 to 44 years............           44,805      3,733        118      8.3       0.3     44,744      4,082        123      9.1       0.3       -349        127     -0.8 
  45 to 54 years............           36,631      2,466         96      6.7       0.3     35,232      2,444         96      6.9       0.3         23        101     -0.2 
  55 to 59 years............           12,868      1,179         67      9.2       0.5     12,601      1,165         67      9.2       0.5         15         70     -0.1 
  60 to 64 years............           10,519      1,033         63      9.8       0.6     10,308      1,039         63     10.1       0.6         -6         66     -0.3 
65 years and over...........           32,621      3,167        106      9.7       0.3     32,394      3,386        109     10.5       0.3       -219        113     -0.7 
                                                                                                                                                                          
NATIVITY                                                                                                                                                                  
Native......................          245,146     27,507        505     11.2       0.2    244,636     29,707        523     12.1       0.2     -2,200        539     -0.9 
Foreign born................           28,348      4,751        251     16.8       0.9     26,424      4,769        251     18.0       1.0        -18        263     -1.3 
  Naturalized citizen.......           10,620        968        114      9.1       1.1      9,864      1,087        121     11.0       1.2       -119        123     -1.9 
  Not a citizen.............           17,728      3,783        224     21.3       1.3     16,560      3,682        221     22.2       1.3        101        234     -0.9 
 
 
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999
[Numbers in thousands]

                                                           1999                                                1998                                Difference 1999        
                                                       Below poverty                                       Below poverty                              less 1998           
                                        Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard      Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard     Number   Standard  Poverty 
                                                              Error              Error                            Error              Error                 Error     rate 
                                                                                                                                                                          
REGION                                                                                                                                                                    
Northeast...................           51,948      5,678        221     10.9       0.4     51,742      6,357        234     12.3       0.5       -680        239     -1.4 
Midwest.....................           63,451      6,210        255      9.8       0.4     63,155      6,501        260     10.3       0.4       -292        270     -0.5 
South............. .........           95,747     12,538        366     13.1       0.4     94,640     12,992        372     13.7       0.4       -454        387     -0.6 
West........................           62,347      7,833        293     12.6       0.5     61,522      8,625        307     14.0       0.5       -792        315     -1.5 
                                                                                                                                                                          
RESIDENCE                                                                                                                                                                 
Inside metropolitan areas..           221,348     24,816        484     11.2       0.2    218,992     26,997        503     12.3       0.2     -2,181        518     -1.1 
  Inside central cities.....           80,052     13,123        360     16.4       0.5     80,761     14,921        383     18.5       0.5     -1,798        390     -2.1 
  Outside central cities....          141,296     11,693        341      8.3       0.2    138,231     12,076        346      8.7       0.3       -382        360     -0.5 
Outside metropolitan areas..           52,145      7,442        336     14.3       0.7     52,068      7,479        337     14.4       0.7        -37        353     -0.1 
                                                                                                                                                                          
FAMILIES                                                                                                                                                                  
   Total....................           72,031      6,676        144      9.3       0.2     71,551      7,186        151     10.0       0.2       -510        169     -0.8 
White, total................           60,256      4,377        112      7.3       0.2     60,077      4,829        119      8.0       0.2       -452        137     -0.8 
  White, not Hispanic ......           53,071      2,942         90      5.5       0.2     53,107      3,264         95      6.1       0.2       -322        110     -0.6 
Black, total................            8,664      1,898         71     21.9       0.9      8,452      1,981         72     23.4       0.9        -84         82     -1.5 
  Black, not Hispanic ......            8,416      1,833         69     21.8       0.9      8,246      1,915         71     23.2       0.9        -82         80     -1.4 
Asian and Pacific Islander, total.      2,506        258         25     10.3       1.0      2,459        270         26     11.0       1.1        -11         29     -0.7 
  Asian & Pac. Isl., not Hispanic.      2,467        251         25     10.2       1.0      2,412        259         25     10.7       1.1         -9         29     -0.6 
Hispanic origin2..................      7,561      1,525         63     20.2       0.9      7,273      1,648         66     22.7       0.9       -123         61     -2.5 
 

 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999
[Numbers in thousands]

                                                           1999                                                1998                                Difference 1999        
                                                       Below poverty                                       Below poverty                              less 1998           
                                        Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard      Total     Number   Standard  Percent  Standard     Number   Standard  Poverty 
                                                              Error              Error                            Error              Error                 Error     rate 
                                                                                                                                                                          
TYPE OF FAMILY                                                                                                                                                            
Married-couple..............           55,315      2,673         85      4.8       0.2     54,778      2,879         89      5.3       0.2       -206         99     -0.4 
  White.....................           48,794      2,161         76      4.4       0.2     48,461      2,400         80      5.0       0.2       -239         92     -0.5 
    White, not Hispanic ....           43,870      1,457         61      3.3       0.1     43,669      1,639         65      3.8       0.2       -182         75     -0.4 
  Black.....................            4,144        294         27      7.1       0.7      3,979        290         27      7.3       0.7          5         31     -0.2 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.           1,996        162         20      8.1       1.0      1,966        156         20      7.9       1.0          6         23      0.2 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.          5,133        728         43     14.2       0.9      4,945        775         44     15.7       0.9        -48         41     -1.5 
Female householder, no                                                                                                                                                    
husband present.............           12,687      3,531         99     27.8       0.9     12,796      3,831        104     29.9       0.9       -300        116     -2.1 
  White.....................            8,380      1,883         70     22.5       0.9      8,529      2,123         75     24.9       1.0       -240         86     -2.4 
    White, not Hispanic ....            6,733      1,255         57     18.6       0.9      6,909      1,428         61     20.7       0.9       -173         70     -2.0 
  Black.....................            3,814      1,499         62     39.3       1.8      3,813      1,557         64     40.8       1.9        -58         72     -1.5 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.             331         76         14     23.1       4.5        318         93         15     29.2       5.4        -16         16     -6.2 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.          1,769        686         42     38.8       2.6      1,728        756         44     43.7       2.9        -69         40     -4.9 
Male householder, no                                                                                                                                                      
spouse present...............           4,028        472         34     11.7       0.9      3,977        476         34     12.0       0.9         -4         39     -0.3 
  White.....................            3,082        333         29     10.8       1.0      3,087        306         27      9.9       0.9         27         33      0.9 
    White, not Hispanic ....            2,469        230         24      9.3       1.0      2,530        197         22      7.8       0.9         32         27      1.5 
  Black.....................              706        104         16     14.7       2.4        660        134         18     20.3       2.9        -30         20     -5.6 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.             179         20          7     11.3       4.1        176         21          7     12.1       4.3         -1          8     -0.8 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.            658        111         16     16.8       2.7        600        117         17     19.6       3.0         -7         16     -2.7 

 
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999                                                                                       5
[Numbers in thousands]

                                    COL14    SIG1  SIGFL1    SIG2  SIGFL2 
PEOPLE                                                                    
                                                                          
   Total....................          0.2   3.834       1   4.350       1 
                                                                          
FAMILY STATUS                                                             
                                                                          
In families.................          0.2   3.920       1   4.194       1 
  Householder...............          0.2   3.290       1   3.520       1 
  Related children under 18.          0.4   4.473       1   4.386       1 
   Related children under 6.          0.9   3.163       1   2.929       1 
In unrelated subfamilies....          3.5   1.735       1   2.747       1 
  Reference person..........          5.4   1.232       0   1.737       1 
  Children under 18.........          8.4   0.446       0   1.135       0 
Unrelated individual........          0.4   0.994       0   1.905       1 
  Male......................          0.5   0.659       0   1.260       0 
  Female....................          0.6   0.834       0   1.570       0 
                                                                          
RACE1                                                                     
White, total................          0.2   2.890       1   3.184       1 
  White, not Hispanic ......          0.2   2.092       1   2.196       1 
Black, total................          0.8   2.671       1   3.120       1 
  Black, not Hispanic ......          0.8   2.627       1   2.920       1 
Asian and Pacific Islander, total.    1.0   1.747       1   1.790       1 
  Asian & Pac. Isl., not Hispanic.    1.0   1.500       0   1.637       0 
Hispanic origin2..................    0.6   3.054       1   4.394       1 
 
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999
[Numbers in thousands]

                                    COL14    SIG1  SIGFL1    SIG2  SIGFL2 
                                                                          
RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18                                                 
White.............................    0.5   3.065       1   3.023       1 
  White, not Hispanic ............    0.5   2.649       1   2.515       1 
Black.............................    1.6   2.858       1   2.385       1 
Asian and Pacific Islander........    2.4   2.761       1   2.510       1 
Hispanic origin2..................    1.2   2.414       1   3.029       1 
                                                                          
AGE                                                                       
Under 18 years..............          0.4   4.461       1   4.691       1 
18 to 64 years..............          0.3   1.505       0   1.943       1 
  18 to 24 years............          0.5   2.229       1   1.494       0 
  25 to 34 years............          0.3   4.635       1   4.057       1 
  35 to 44 years............          0.3   2.754       1   2.796       1 
  45 to 54 years............          0.3   0.224       0   0.724       0 
  55 to 59 years............          0.6   0.212       0   0.136       0 
  60 to 64 years............          0.6   0.090       0   0.406       0 
65 years and over...........          0.3   1.941       1   2.143       1 
                                                                          
NATIVITY                                                                  
Native......................          0.2   4.080       1   4.190       1 
Foreign born................          1.0   0.069       0   1.336       0 
  Naturalized citizen.......          1.2   0.966       0   1.572       0 
  Not a citizen.............          1.4   0.432       0   0.655       0 

 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999                                                                                       
[Numbers in thousands]

                                    COL14    SIG1  SIGFL1    SIG2  SIGFL2 
                                                                          
REGION                                                                    
Northeast...................          0.5   2.843       1   2.911       1 
Midwest.....................          0.4   1.080       0   1.180       0 
South............. .........          0.4   1.172       0   1.541       0 
West........................          0.5   2.512       1   2.826       1 
                                                                          
RESIDENCE                                                                 
Inside metropolitan areas..           0.2   4.214       1   4.676       1 
  Inside central cities.....          0.5   4.612       1   4.241       1 
  Outside central cities....          0.3   1.062       0   1.778       1 
Outside metropolitan areas..          0.7   0.104       0   0.134       0 
                                                                          
FAMILIES                                                                  
   Total....................          0.2   3.027       1   3.238       1 
White, total................          0.2   3.295       1   3.334       1 
  White, not Hispanic ......          0.2   2.944       1   2.880       1 
Black, total................          1.0   1.025       0   1.535       0 
  Black, not Hispanic ......          1.0   1.029       0   1.429       0 
Asian and Pacific Islander, total.    1.2   0.395       0   0.550       0 
  Asian & Pac. Isl., not Hispanic.    1.2   0.301       0   0.488       0 
Hispanic origin2..................    0.9   2.024       1   2.912       1 
  
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
  
  
  
Table A. People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics: 1998 and 1999
[Numbers in thousands]

                                    COL14    SIG1  SIGFL1    SIG2  SIGFL2 
                                                                          
TYPE OF FAMILY                                                            
Married-couple..............          0.2   2.077       1   2.318       1 
  White.....................          0.2   2.582       1   2.714       1 
    White, not Hispanic ....          0.2   2.423       1   2.490       1 
  Black.....................          0.8   0.150       0   0.232       0 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.         1.2   0.267       0   0.153       0 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.        0.9   1.152       0   1.763       1 
Female householder, no                                                    
husband present.............          1.0   2.580       1   2.110       1 
  White.....................          1.1   2.785       1   2.193       1 
    White, not Hispanic ....          1.1   2.482       1   1.852       1 
  Black.....................          2.1   0.810       0   0.733       0 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.         5.7   0.998       0   1.091       0 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.        2.6   1.715       1   1.888       1 
Male householder, no                                                      
spouse present...............         1.0   0.112       0   0.256       0 
  White.....................          1.1   0.817       0   0.799       0 
    White, not Hispanic ....          1.1   1.194       0   1.337       0 
  Black.....................          3.1   1.535       0   1.816       1 
  Asian and Pacific Islander.         4.8   0.136       0   0.168       0 
  Hispanic origin2, all races.        2.7   0.414       0   1.012       0 
 
 
 - Represents zero.    NA Not available.    r Revised, based on 1990 census population controls
	*Statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level.
  1 As a result of rounding, some differences may appear to be sligthly higher or lower than the difference of the reported rates.
  2 Data for American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts are not shown separately. Data for this population group should not be tabulated.from the CPS because of its small samp
  3 People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
  Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March 1999 and 2000 Current Population Surveys
 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: June 22, 2010