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Census.govPopulation Poverty Main Poverty DataIncome, Poverty and Health Insurance in the United StatesPoverty in the United States: 1999 › Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Revised)

Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Revised)

(All Races)

Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.


                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
All Races                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                           
    Total                              273493        11.8      12.8      11.3            19.2           19.1          18.5 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                          71731        16.9      18.5      15.3            19.6           19.5          18.5 
  Related children                      70480        16.3      17.9      14.8            19.0           18.9          17.9 
    Under 6 years                       23105        18.0      19.7      16.3            20.1           20.0          19.1 
18 to 24 years                          26532        17.3      18.8      17.1            20.2           20.1          19.5 
25 to 44 years                          82591         9.3      10.4       9.0            11.6           11.6          11.1 
45 to 64 years                          60018         7.8       8.4       7.9            13.2           13.1          12.8 
65 years and over                       32621         9.7       9.7       9.7            47.7           47.3          47.0 
  65 to 74 years                        17796         8.9       9.0       8.9            40.8           40.4          40.0 
  75 years and over                     14825        10.7      10.7      10.6            56.0           55.5          55.3 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                            228633        10.2      11.2       9.4            16.4           16.2          15.6 
  Married-couple families              179169         5.8       6.6       5.5            11.5           11.4          10.9 
    With related children under 18     112085         7.3       8.4       6.6             9.0            8.9           8.2 
  Female hhlder, no husband present     38223        30.4      32.2      27.4            38.8           38.7          37.5 
    With related children under 18      28340        37.4      39.6      33.5            43.6           43.5          42.1 
Unrelated individuals                   43432        19.1      20.3      20.3            33.4           33.2          33.0 
  Living alone                          26768        15.9      16.7      16.6            36.2           36.0          35.8 
    65 years and over                    9797        18.6      18.5      18.5            65.9           65.6          65.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas              221348        11.2      12.2      10.7            18.1           18.0          17.4 
  Inside central cities                 80052        16.4      17.6      15.7            23.9           23.8          23.1 
  Outside central cities               141296         8.3       9.2       7.9            14.8           14.7          14.2 
Outside metropolitan areas              52145        14.3      15.4      13.6            24.0           23.7          23.1 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                               51948        10.9      11.9      10.7            19.3           19.2          18.7 
Midwest                                 63451         9.8      10.8       9.5            16.6           16.5          15.8 
South                                   95747        13.1      14.0      12.3            21.0           20.9          20.4 
West                                    62347        12.6      13.9      11.9            19.0           18.8          18.2 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
All Races                                                                             
                                                                                      
    Total                                     19.5           19.6                18.1 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                20.0           20.1                17.1 
  Related children                            19.4           19.5                16.6 
    Under 6 years                             20.4           20.5                17.4 
18 to 24 years                                20.6           20.9                19.3 
25 to 44 years                                12.0           12.1                10.7 
45 to 64 years                                13.5           13.5                13.0 
65 years and over                             47.4           47.4                47.4 
  65 to 74 years                              40.5           40.5                40.4 
  75 years and over                           55.6           55.7                55.7 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   16.6           16.7                15.0 
  Married-couple families                     11.7           11.7                10.6 
    With related children under 18             9.3            9.4                 7.5 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           39.2           39.4                35.3 
    With related children under 18            43.9           44.1                38.9 
Unrelated individuals                         33.7           33.9                33.9 
  Living alone                                36.4           36.5                36.5 
    65 years and over                         65.7           65.7                65.7 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     18.3           18.4                17.0 
  Inside central cities                       24.2           24.3                22.7 
  Outside central cities                      15.0           15.1                13.8 
Outside metropolitan areas                    24.4           24.5                22.7 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     19.5           19.6                18.5 
Midwest                                       16.6           16.7                15.7 
South                                         21.4           21.5                19.8 
West                                          19.5           19.6                17.6 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
All Races                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    18.3            11.7          11.3               11.3            10.4            9.9 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                               17.2            15.4          15.2               15.2            14.2           13.3 
  Related children                           16.7            14.9          14.7               14.7            13.7           12.7 
    Under 6 years                            17.6            16.1          16.0               16.0            15.1           14.0 
18 to 24 years                               19.6            17.3          17.1               17.1            16.3           15.7 
25 to 44 years                               10.9             9.1           8.9                8.9             8.3            7.8 
45 to 64 years                               13.2             8.6           8.1                8.1             7.3            7.0 
65 years and over                            47.6            11.0           9.4                9.4             8.5            8.4 
  65 to 74 years                             40.6            10.3           8.7                8.7             7.8            7.7 
  75 years and over                          55.9            11.7          10.4               10.4             9.3            9.3 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  15.1             9.8           9.5                9.5             8.7            8.1 
  Married-couple families                    10.6             5.4           5.2                5.2             4.8            4.3 
    With related children under 18            7.6             6.3           6.1                6.1             5.7            5.1 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          35.5            29.5          29.0               29.0            26.2           25.1 
    With related children under 18           39.1            35.5          35.0               35.0            32.0           30.5 
Unrelated individuals                        34.3            20.8          19.8               19.8            19.0           18.5 
  Living alone                               36.8            17.4          16.4               16.4            15.5           15.1 
    65 years and over                        66.0            19.7          18.0               18.0            16.9           16.7 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    17.2            11.2          10.7               10.7             9.9            9.4 
  Inside central cities                      22.9            16.7          16.2               16.2            14.8           14.0 
  Outside central cities                     13.9             8.0           7.7                7.7             7.1            6.7 
Outside metropolitan areas                   22.9            13.9          13.5               13.5            12.8           12.1 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    18.8            11.3          10.8               10.8             9.7            8.9 
Midwest                                      15.8             9.7           9.4                9.4             8.9            8.4 
South                                        20.0            12.6          12.2               12.2            11.6           11.2 
West                                         17.7            12.5          12.2               12.1            10.9           10.2 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
All Races                                                                     
                                                                              
    Total                                    8.8           9.4            8.1 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                              11.2          12.0           10.9 
  Related children                          10.7          11.5           10.3 
    Under 6 years                           11.9          12.8           11.6 
18 to 24 years                              14.8          15.3           14.4 
25 to 44 years                               7.0           7.4            6.7 
45 to 64 years                               6.5           6.9            5.5 
65 years and over                            7.8           8.3            5.2 
  65 to 74 years                             7.1           7.6            4.8 
  75 years and over                          8.6           9.1            5.6 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                  7.1           7.6            6.6 
  Married-couple families                    3.9           4.3            3.5 
    With related children under 18           4.4           5.0            4.2 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         21.3          22.1           20.4 
    With related children under 18          25.7          26.7           25.0 
Unrelated individuals                       17.4          18.1           15.4 
  Living alone                              13.7          13.9           10.7 
    65 years and over                       14.8          14.8            9.0 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (All Races)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                    8.4           8.9            7.8 
  Inside central cities                     12.4          13.0           11.8 
  Outside central cities                     6.1           6.6            5.4 
Outside metropolitan areas                  10.9          11.3            9.6 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                    7.8           8.5            7.3 
Midwest                                      7.5           7.9            7.1 
South                                        9.9          10.4            8.9 
West                                         9.3          10.0            8.6 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
White                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
    Total                              224373         9.8      10.7       9.4            17.4           17.2          16.7 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                          56232        13.5      14.9      12.2            15.8           15.6          14.8 
  Related children                      55274        12.9      14.3      11.6            15.2           15.0          14.2 
    Under 6 years                       18206        14.6      16.1      13.2            16.3           16.2          15.4 
18 to 24 years                          21073        14.8      16.4      14.9            17.1           17.0          16.5 
25 to 44 years                          67235         8.0       9.1       7.8            10.2           10.1           9.6 
45 to 64 years                          50953         6.7       7.3       6.8            11.9           11.8          11.5 
65 years and over                       28880         8.3       8.4       8.3            47.1           46.6          46.3 
  65 to 74 years                        15528         7.3       7.4       7.3            39.4           39.1          38.6 
  75 years and over                     13352         9.6       9.5       9.5            55.9           55.4          55.3 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                            187139         8.1       9.0       7.5            14.2           14.1          13.6 
  Married-couple families              154818         5.4       6.1       5.0            11.2           11.1          10.6 
    With related children under 18      94994         6.8       7.9       6.2             8.5            8.3           7.7 
  Female hhlder, no husband present     23895        24.7      26.6      22.2            33.1           33.0          32.1 
    With related children under 18      17014        31.6      34.0      28.2            37.5           37.3          36.2 
Unrelated individuals                   36151        17.6      18.7      18.7            32.8           32.7          32.4 
  Living alone                          22338        14.2      14.8      14.8            36.0           35.9          35.7 
    65 years and over                    8768        16.1      16.0      16.0            64.8           64.5          64.3 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas              178162         9.1      10.0       8.8            16.1           16.0          15.5 
  Inside central cities                 55327        13.1      14.3      12.7            20.5           20.3          19.9 
  Outside central cities               122836         7.3       8.1       7.0            14.1           14.0          13.5 
Outside metropolitan areas              46211        12.4      13.5      11.9            22.4           22.1          21.5 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                               43259         8.7       9.6       8.5            17.3           17.2          16.8 
Midwest                                 54828         7.5       8.4       7.4            14.4           14.2          13.8 
South                                   73839        10.4      11.1       9.9            18.6           18.5          18.0 
West                                    52446        12.2      13.6      11.5            18.9           18.6          18.0 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
White                                                                                 
                                                                                      
    Total                                     17.6           17.7                16.4 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                16.1           16.2                13.5 
  Related children                            15.5           15.5                12.9 
    Under 6 years                             16.6           16.7                13.8 
18 to 24 years                                17.5           17.8                16.3 
25 to 44 years                                10.6           10.7                 9.3 
45 to 64 years                                12.1           12.2                11.8 
65 years and over                             46.7           46.8                46.7 
  65 to 74 years                              39.1           39.2                39.1 
  75 years and over                           55.5           55.6                55.6 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   14.4           14.5                13.0 
  Married-couple families                     11.4           11.4                10.3 
    With related children under 18             8.8            8.8                 7.0 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           33.5           33.8                30.0 
    With related children under 18            37.7           37.9                32.9 
Unrelated individuals                         33.2           33.4                33.3 
  Living alone                                36.2           36.4                36.3 
    65 years and over                         64.6           64.6                64.6 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     16.3           16.4                15.2 
  Inside central cities                       20.7           20.8                19.4 
  Outside central cities                      14.3           14.4                13.2 
Outside metropolitan areas                    22.6           22.7                21.2 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     17.4           17.5                16.7 
Midwest                                       14.5           14.5                13.7 
South                                         18.8           18.9                17.6 
West                                          19.3           19.4                17.3 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
White                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    16.5             9.6           9.3                9.3             8.6            8.2 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                               13.6            12.1          11.9               11.9            11.2           10.4 
  Related children                           13.0            11.5          11.3               11.3            10.6            9.8 
    Under 6 years                            13.9            12.8          12.7               12.7            12.0           11.1 
18 to 24 years                               16.6            14.8          14.7               14.7            14.2           13.7 
25 to 44 years                                9.4             7.8           7.6                7.6             7.1            6.7 
45 to 64 years                               11.9             7.4           7.0                7.0             6.3            6.1 
65 years and over                            46.9             9.3           8.1                8.1             7.2            7.2 
  65 to 74 years                             39.3             8.4           7.1                7.1             6.3            6.2 
  75 years and over                          55.8            10.4           9.1                9.1             8.3            8.3 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  13.1             7.6           7.4                7.4             6.8            6.3 
  Married-couple families                    10.3             5.0           4.7                4.7             4.3            4.0 
    With related children under 18            7.1             5.8           5.7                5.6             5.3            4.8 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          30.4            23.9          23.7               23.7            21.4           20.5 
    With related children under 18           33.2            29.8          29.6               29.6            27.2           25.9 
Unrelated individuals                        33.7            19.1          18.2               18.2            17.4           17.0 
  Living alone                               36.6            15.5          14.6               14.6            13.8           13.5 
    65 years and over                        64.8            17.2          15.5               15.5            14.5           14.3 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    15.3             9.0           8.6                8.6             8.0            7.6 
  Inside central cities                      19.6            13.2          12.8               12.8            11.9           11.3 
  Outside central cities                     13.3             7.1           6.7                6.7             6.2            5.9 
Outside metropolitan areas                   21.4            12.1          11.8               11.8            11.2           10.6 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    16.8             8.9           8.4                8.4             7.6            7.0 
Midwest                                      13.8             7.5           7.2                7.2             6.8            6.5 
South                                        17.8            10.0           9.7                9.7             9.3            9.0 
West                                         17.4            11.9          11.5               11.5            10.5            9.8 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
White                                                                         
                                                                              
    Total                                    7.5           8.0            6.8 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                               9.0           9.7            8.8 
  Related children                           8.5           9.2            8.2 
    Under 6 years                            9.6          10.3            9.4 
18 to 24 years                              13.1          13.6           12.7 
25 to 44 years                               6.1           6.6            5.9 
45 to 64 years                               5.7           6.0            4.7 
65 years and over                            6.6           7.1            4.3 
  65 to 74 years                             5.7           6.2            3.7 
  75 years and over                          7.7           8.2            5.1 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                  5.7           6.1            5.2 
  Married-couple families                    3.6           4.0            3.2 
    With related children under 18           4.2           4.7            4.0 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         18.2          18.8           17.3 
    With related children under 18          22.8          23.6           22.2 
Unrelated individuals                       16.2          16.9           14.2 
  Living alone                              12.4          12.5            9.5 
    65 years and over                       12.7          12.7            7.8 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (White)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                    6.9           7.4            6.4 
  Inside central cities                     10.3          10.9            9.8 
  Outside central cities                     5.4           5.9            4.8 
Outside metropolitan areas                   9.7          10.1            8.4 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                    6.3           6.8            5.8 
Midwest                                      5.9           6.3            5.6 
South                                        8.2           8.6            7.2 
West                                         9.0           9.8            8.3 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Black                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
    Total                               35373        23.6      24.9      22.1            31.0           30.9          29.9 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                          11357        33.1      35.0      29.8            37.4           37.3          35.8 
  Related children                      11132        32.7      34.7      29.5            37.1           37.1          35.5 
    Under 6 years                        3548        36.6      38.6      32.9            39.8           39.8          38.2 
18 to 24 years                           3980        29.3      30.1      27.3            34.8           34.7          33.1 
25 to 44 years                          10862        16.9      18.4      16.1            20.6           20.6          19.8 
45 to 64 years                           6419        15.2      15.7      15.1            23.1           23.0          22.5 
65 years and over                        2754        22.7      22.7      22.6            58.7           58.2          57.7 
  65 to 74 years                         1624        22.2      22.1      22.0            56.2           55.9          55.3 
  75 years and over                      1130        23.5      23.5      23.5            62.1           61.6          61.0 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                             29488        22.7      23.8      20.6            29.6           29.5          28.3 
  Married-couple families               14832         8.2       8.9       7.7            14.0           13.9          13.0 
    With related children under 18      10252         9.6      10.5       8.8            12.4           12.3          11.1 
  Female hhlder, no husband present     12644        41.0      42.7      36.9            49.1           49.1          47.3 
    With related children under 18      10024        47.2      49.3      42.3            53.5           53.5          51.5 
Unrelated individuals                    5619        27.6      29.5      29.4            38.0           37.8          37.6 
  Living alone                           3615        26.0      27.6      27.6            39.2           39.0          38.8 
    65 years and over                     879        41.8      42.0      42.0            77.5           76.8          76.8 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas               31111        23.0      24.2      21.4            30.1           30.1          28.9 
  Inside central cities                 18772        26.3      27.3      24.7            34.9           34.8          33.4 
  Outside central cities                12339        17.9      19.4      16.4            22.8           22.8          22.0 
Outside metropolitan areas               4262        28.5      29.8      27.1            37.3           37.2          37.0 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                                6545        24.3      25.7      23.5            32.7           32.6          31.4 
Midwest                                  6793        26.4      27.9      24.7            33.4           33.5          31.5 
South                                   19257        23.2      24.4      21.5            30.6           30.5          29.8 
West                                     2778        18.3      18.7      16.9            23.7           23.6          22.8 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
Black                                                                                 
                                                                                      
    Total                                     31.3           31.4                28.9 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                37.8           37.9                33.7 
  Related children                            37.5           37.6                33.4 
    Under 6 years                             39.9           40.1                36.3 
18 to 24 years                                34.7           34.9                32.7 
25 to 44 years                                20.9           21.0                19.0 
45 to 64 years                                23.6           23.7                22.6 
65 years and over                             58.3           58.3                58.0 
  65 to 74 years                              55.9           56.0                55.5 
  75 years and over                           61.7           61.7                61.6 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   29.8           29.9                27.0 
  Married-couple families                     13.8           13.9                12.8 
    With related children under 18            12.1           12.2                10.6 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           49.7           49.7                44.8 
    With related children under 18            54.1           54.1                48.4 
Unrelated individuals                         38.4           38.6                38.6 
  Living alone                                39.5           39.6                39.5 
    65 years and over                         77.2           77.2                77.2 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     30.3           30.4                28.1 
  Inside central cities                       34.9           35.0                32.9 
  Outside central cities                      23.3           23.4                20.8 
Outside metropolitan areas                    38.6           38.6                35.1 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     33.3           33.5                31.0 
Midwest                                       32.5           32.6                30.9 
South                                         31.3           31.4                28.5 
West                                          23.3           23.3                22.2 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Black                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    29.2            23.5          22.6               22.6            20.8           19.6 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                               33.7            31.0          30.5               30.5            28.3           26.7 
  Related children                           33.5            30.7          30.2               30.2            28.0           26.4 
    Under 6 years                            36.4            33.9          33.6               33.6            31.6           29.8 
18 to 24 years                               33.0            28.8          28.3               28.3            25.9           24.7 
25 to 44 years                               19.3            17.1          16.5               16.5            15.1           14.0 
45 to 64 years                               22.8            17.0          15.9               15.9            14.0           13.1 
65 years and over                            58.2            25.2          21.9               21.9            21.0           20.6 
  65 to 74 years                             55.9            25.0          20.9               20.9            20.4           19.9 
  75 years and over                          61.6            25.5          23.2               23.2            21.8           21.8 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  27.2            22.1          21.3               21.3            19.3           18.2 
  Married-couple families                    12.9             7.8           7.4                7.4             6.9            5.9 
    With related children under 18           10.6             8.5           8.2                8.2             7.8            6.3 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          44.9            39.8          38.7               38.7            35.0           33.5 
    With related children under 18           48.5            44.7          43.8               43.8            39.9           38.3 
Unrelated individuals                        39.3            30.2          28.8               28.8            27.6           26.5 
  Living alone                               40.3            28.2          27.1               27.1            25.8           24.6 
    65 years and over                        77.6            43.1          40.8               40.8            39.5           38.8 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    28.3            22.9          22.0               22.0            20.1           19.0 
  Inside central cities                      33.1            26.9          25.9               25.9            23.3           22.1 
  Outside central cities                     21.0            16.8          16.0               16.0            15.2           14.4 
Outside metropolitan areas                   35.3            28.0          27.3               27.3            25.8           24.0 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    31.5            25.8          25.2               25.2            21.8           20.7 
Midwest                                      31.1            26.1          25.4               25.4            23.5           21.5 
South                                        28.7            22.4          21.4               21.4            20.3           19.4 
West                                         22.2            19.4          18.6               18.6            15.0           14.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
Black                                                                         
                                                                              
    Total                                   16.6          17.5           15.5 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                              21.6          22.8           20.8 
  Related children                          21.2          22.4           20.3 
    Under 6 years                           24.5          26.0           23.9 
18 to 24 years                              21.7          22.7           21.4 
25 to 44 years                              11.9          12.5           11.4 
45 to 64 years                              11.7          12.5           10.8 
65 years and over                           19.1          19.7           12.6 
  65 to 74 years                            18.5          19.2           13.4 
  75 years and over                         20.0          20.3           11.6 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                 15.0          15.9           14.2 
  Married-couple families                    5.3           6.2            4.8 
    With related children under 18           5.6           6.7            5.4 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         27.2          28.2           26.0 
    With related children under 18          30.6          31.8           29.4 
Unrelated individuals                       24.2          25.2           21.5 
  Living alone                              21.5          21.9           17.3 
    65 years and over                       34.5          34.5           20.6 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Black)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                   16.2          17.0           15.1 
  Inside central cities                     18.5          19.4           17.7 
  Outside central cities                    12.7          13.3           11.3 
Outside metropolitan areas                  19.9          21.6           18.3 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                   16.7          18.1           16.5 
Midwest                                     18.7          19.6           17.8 
South                                       16.4          17.2           14.9 
West                                        13.0          13.2           12.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Hispanic Origin                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                           
    Total                               32669        22.8      25.1      21.0            28.4           28.0          27.0 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                          11560        30.3      33.1      26.9            34.2           33.8          32.4 
  Related children                      11300        29.9      32.6      26.5            33.8           33.4          32.0 
    Under 6 years                        4247        30.6      33.3      26.8            33.8           33.6          32.6 
18 to 24 years                           3958        23.8      26.5      22.9            27.0           26.8          26.0 
25 to 44 years                          10634        18.2      20.3      16.9            20.9           20.6          19.8 
45 to 64 years                           4764        14.7      16.5      14.5            21.9           21.5          20.6 
65 years and over                        1752        20.4      21.2      20.4            56.4           56.0          54.9 
  65 to 74 years                         1132        19.5      20.3      19.5            53.0           52.6          51.4 
  75 years and over                       621        22.0      22.8      22.0            62.7           62.0          61.3 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                             29198        21.7      24.0      19.5            27.2           26.9          25.8 
  Married-couple families               20942        16.8      18.7      15.0            21.5           21.0          20.1 
    With related children under 18      17024        19.1      21.2      16.7            21.8           21.3          20.3 
  Female hhlder, no husband present      6113        40.7      43.8      36.9            49.1           48.7          47.1 
    With related children under 18       5091        46.4      49.8      41.8            53.7           53.4          51.6 
Unrelated individuals                    3207        30.9      33.6      33.4            38.0           37.7          37.5 
  Living alone                           1298        26.2      27.6      27.4            39.5           39.3          38.9 
    65 years and over                     358        46.8      46.1      46.1            82.7           82.1          82.1 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas               29898        22.5      24.8      20.8            28.0           27.6          26.6 
  Inside central cities                 15130        25.8      28.1      24.2            31.8           31.5          30.6 
  Outside central cities                14768        19.1      21.3      17.4            24.0           23.7          22.5 
Outside metropolitan areas               2771        25.7      28.4      22.9            33.0           32.5          31.6 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                                4594        26.2      28.2      24.2            33.1           32.7          31.6 
Midwest                                  2593        16.3      18.6      16.6            19.3           19.3          18.6 
South                                   10876        22.3      24.1      20.7            27.9           27.6          26.5 
West                                    14606        23.2      25.9      21.0            28.9           28.5          27.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
Hispanic Origin                                                                       
                                                                                      
    Total                                     28.9           29.1                25.3 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                34.8           35.0                29.2 
  Related children                            34.4           34.6                28.8 
    Under 6 years                             34.4           34.6                28.6 
18 to 24 years                                27.7           28.1                24.5 
25 to 44 years                                21.6           21.8                18.5 
45 to 64 years                                22.1           22.3                20.7 
65 years and over                             56.0           56.4                56.1 
  65 to 74 years                              53.1           53.6                53.2 
  75 years and over                           61.3           61.3                61.3 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   27.7           27.9                23.8 
  Married-couple families                     22.1           22.2                18.4 
    With related children under 18            22.5           22.6                18.0 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           48.7           49.2                43.7 
    With related children under 18            53.3           54.0                47.5 
Unrelated individuals                         38.9           39.1                39.1 
  Living alone                                39.9           40.5                40.3 
    65 years and over                         82.7           82.7                82.7 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     28.5           28.7                24.9 
  Inside central cities                       31.9           32.1                28.8 
  Outside central cities                      25.0           25.3                20.9 
Outside metropolitan areas                    33.5           33.8                30.0 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     32.7           32.9                30.0 
Midwest                                       19.4           19.4                17.7 
South                                         28.0           28.2                24.9 
West                                          30.1           30.4                25.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Hispanic Origin                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    25.7            21.6          20.9               20.9            19.3           18.0 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                               29.5            27.0          26.5               26.5            24.8           22.9 
  Related children                           29.2            26.6          26.1               26.1            24.4           22.5 
    Under 6 years                            29.1            26.5          26.1               26.1            24.8           23.1 
18 to 24 years                               24.8            23.1          22.7               22.7            21.4           20.2 
25 to 44 years                               18.9            17.0          16.7               16.7            15.7           14.6 
45 to 64 years                               21.0            15.9          15.2               15.2            13.3           12.5 
65 years and over                            56.4            25.0          20.6               20.6            16.2           16.2 
  65 to 74 years                             53.6            23.8          19.8               19.8            15.7           15.6 
  75 years and over                          61.3            27.4          22.0               22.0            17.2           17.2 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  24.1            20.1          19.5               19.5            17.8           16.6 
  Married-couple families                    18.6            15.0          14.3               14.3            13.2           12.0 
    With related children under 18           18.2            16.3          15.8               15.8            14.8           13.3 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          44.3            39.4          38.9               38.9            35.0           33.1 
    With related children under 18           48.1            44.1          43.6               43.6            39.7           37.5 
Unrelated individuals                        39.8            33.7          32.5               32.5            31.3           30.4 
  Living alone                               40.6            28.8          26.5               26.5            24.3           23.2 
    65 years and over                        82.7            50.6          44.8               44.8            37.5           37.1 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    25.3            21.4          20.8               20.8            19.1           17.8 
  Inside central cities                      29.3            25.3          24.6               24.6            22.6           21.3 
  Outside central cities                     21.2            17.4          16.8               16.8            15.5           14.2 
Outside metropolitan areas                   30.1            23.0          22.2               22.2            21.5           20.1 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    30.9            26.8          25.4               25.4            22.4           20.3 
Midwest                                      18.5            15.2          15.0               15.0            14.4           14.0 
South                                        25.1            20.7          20.2               20.2            19.4           18.7 
West                                         25.8            21.7          21.0               21.0            19.1           17.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
Hispanic Origin                                                               
                                                                              
    Total                                   16.2          17.4           15.5 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                              20.2          21.9           19.8 
  Related children                          19.7          21.4           19.3 
    Under 6 years                           20.1          21.7           19.7 
18 to 24 years                              18.9          19.9           18.5 
25 to 44 years                              13.4          14.3           13.1 
45 to 64 years                              11.2          11.9           10.1 
65 years and over                           14.1          15.6           10.1 
  65 to 74 years                            13.7          14.9            9.5 
  75 years and over                         14.7          16.7           11.2 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                 14.7          15.9           14.2 
  Married-couple families                   10.6          11.8           10.2 
    With related children under 18          11.7          13.0           11.5 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         29.3          31.0           28.4 
    With related children under 18          33.2          35.1           32.5 
Unrelated individuals                       28.5          29.4           27.0 
  Living alone                              19.3          19.6           16.0 
    65 years and over                       28.1          28.1           19.9 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Hispanic Origin)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                   16.1          17.3           15.5 
  Inside central cities                     19.0          20.6           18.7 
  Outside central cities                    13.1          14.0           12.3 
Outside metropolitan areas                  17.2          18.0           15.9 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                   17.4          18.6           17.1 
Midwest                                     12.6          12.8           12.5 
South                                       16.4          17.2           15.6 
West                                        16.3          18.0           15.5 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Asian or Pacific Islander                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                           
    Total                               10916        10.7      12.2      10.4            14.4           14.3          14.0 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                           3057        11.8      13.7      10.9            14.3           14.1          13.6 
  Related children                       3026        11.5      13.4      10.6            14.0           13.8          13.3 
    Under 6 years                        1009        10.0      11.4       9.2            11.7           11.7          11.7 
18 to 24 years                           1192        20.0      21.8      20.2            23.6           23.6          23.5 
25 to 44 years                           3729         7.6       8.9       7.6             8.8            8.8           8.5 
45 to 64 years                           2138         9.1      10.8       9.2            12.2           12.2          11.8 
65 years and over                         800        10.6      10.9      10.6            32.5           32.4          32.4 
  65 to 74 years                          514        10.9      11.4      10.9            29.9           29.9          29.9 
  75 years and over                       286        10.1      10.1      10.1            37.3           37.0          37.0 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                              9618         9.6      11.1       9.1            13.1           13.0          12.7 
  Married-couple families                7937         7.5       9.0       7.3            10.1           10.0           9.8 
    With related children under 18       5694         7.4       9.1       7.0             8.0            7.9           7.5 
  Female hhlder, no husband present      1097        23.0      24.8      19.7            31.1           31.1          30.2 
    With related children under 18        765        25.8      27.1      22.7            35.2           35.2          34.1 
Unrelated individuals                    1267        18.8      20.3      20.3            24.2           24.1          23.7 
  Living alone                            626        13.1      13.5      13.5            20.1           19.9          19.6 
    65 years and over                      93        14.8      14.8      14.8            51.3           50.4          50.4 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas               10451        10.6      12.2      10.5            14.4           14.4          14.1 
  Inside central cities                  5183        14.1      16.4      14.1            18.8           18.8          18.3 
  Outside central cities                 5268         7.2       8.1       7.0            10.1           10.1          10.0 
Outside metropolitan areas                465        11.3      10.4       9.2            12.8           11.3          10.5 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                                1938        12.8      14.5      13.9            16.2           16.2          16.1 
Midwest                                  1228         8.8       8.8       8.8            12.0           12.0          12.0 
South                                    1896        11.6      14.6      11.6            12.6           12.6          12.5 
West                                     5854        10.0      11.3       9.3            14.8           14.7          14.2 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
Asian or Pacific Islander                                                             
                                                                                      
    Total                                     15.5           15.6                14.0 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                16.2           16.3                13.1 
  Related children                            15.9           16.0                12.8 
    Under 6 years                             12.6           12.6                11.2 
18 to 24 years                                26.0           26.1                25.0 
25 to 44 years                                 9.6            9.7                 8.4 
45 to 64 years                                12.6           12.6                11.7 
65 years and over                             32.6           32.8                32.8 
  65 to 74 years                              30.2           30.2                30.2 
  75 years and over                           37.0           37.4                37.4 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   14.3           14.4                12.5 
  Married-couple families                     11.7           11.7                 9.8 
    With related children under 18            10.2           10.2                 7.4 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           30.2           30.8                29.0 
    With related children under 18            34.1           34.5                32.0 
Unrelated individuals                         24.8           24.9                24.8 
  Living alone                                20.1           20.1                20.1 
    65 years and over                         50.4           50.4                50.4 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     15.7           15.7                14.1 
  Inside central cities                       21.1           21.2                18.4 
  Outside central cities                      10.3           10.3                 9.9 
Outside metropolitan areas                    12.3           13.1                10.5 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     17.4           17.5                15.5 
Midwest                                       12.2           12.2                11.2 
South                                         14.4           14.4                12.1 
West                                          16.0           16.1                14.6 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Asian or Pacific Islander                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    14.3            11.4          11.1               11.1             9.8            9.2 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                               13.7            11.9          11.9               11.9            10.3            9.1 
  Related children                           13.4            11.6          11.6               11.6            10.0            8.8 
    Under 6 years                            11.5             9.8           9.8                9.8             8.6            6.6 
18 to 24 years                               25.0            21.8          21.6               21.6            20.1           19.3 
25 to 44 years                                8.6             7.3           7.3                7.3             7.1            6.6 
45 to 64 years                               12.3            10.0           9.8                9.8             8.7            8.3 
65 years and over                            33.0            16.5          13.9               13.9             8.3            8.3 
  65 to 74 years                             30.2            16.3          13.1               13.1             9.5            9.5 
  75 years and over                          38.1            17.0          15.3               15.3             6.1            6.1 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  12.9            10.2           9.9                9.9             8.5            7.8 
  Married-couple families                    10.2             8.3           7.9                7.9             6.7            6.0 
    With related children under 18            7.8             7.4           7.4                7.4             6.4            5.5 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          29.0            21.4          21.4               21.4            19.2           17.6 
    With related children under 18           32.0            24.9          24.9               24.9            22.1           19.7 
Unrelated individuals                        25.3            20.3          20.1               20.1            19.5           19.3 
  Living alone                               20.4            14.3          14.2               14.2            13.0           13.0 
    65 years and over                        52.6            22.9          22.4               22.4            14.3           14.3 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    14.5            11.5          11.2               11.2             9.9            9.2 
  Inside central cities                      18.7            15.6          15.0               15.0            13.2           12.4 
  Outside central cities                     10.3             7.5           7.5                7.5             6.5            6.1 
Outside metropolitan areas                   10.9             9.5           9.4                9.4             9.1            8.0 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    16.7            13.9          13.7               13.7            12.9           10.1 
Midwest                                      11.2             8.6           8.4                8.4             8.4            8.4 
South                                        12.7            11.6          11.4               11.4            11.0           11.0 
West                                         14.7            11.1          10.8               10.8             8.7            8.4 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
Asian or Pacific Islander                                                     
                                                                              
    Total                                    8.1           8.6            8.0 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                               7.1           7.8            6.9 
  Related children                           6.8           7.4            6.6 
    Under 6 years                            5.8           6.7            5.7 
18 to 24 years                              18.9          19.3           19.4 
25 to 44 years                               6.1           6.3            6.0 
45 to 64 years                               7.3           8.0            7.2 
65 years and over                            7.8           8.6            7.1 
  65 to 74 years                             9.2           9.5            8.1 
  75 years and over                          5.4           6.8            5.4 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                  6.7           7.2            6.7 
  Married-couple families                    5.1           5.7            5.0 
    With related children under 18           4.5           5.0            4.4 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         14.8          15.0           15.5 
    With related children under 18          15.7          16.0           15.7 
Unrelated individuals                       18.8          19.2           18.3 
  Living alone                              12.1          12.4           11.4 
    65 years and over                       14.3          14.3           12.1 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Asian or Pacific Islander)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                    8.2           8.7            8.1 
  Inside central cities                     11.3          11.4           11.2 
  Outside central cities                     5.1           6.1            5.2 
Outside metropolitan areas                   6.9           6.9            5.8 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                    9.2           9.9            8.7 
Midwest                                      8.2           8.3            8.2 
South                                        8.6           9.6            8.4 
West                                         7.6           8.0            7.6 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Non-Hispanic White                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                           
    Total                              193334         7.7       8.4       7.5            15.6           15.5          15.1 
                                                                                                                           
Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
Under 18 years                          45243         9.4      10.5       8.7            11.4           11.3          10.6 
  Related children                      44527         8.8       9.9       8.1            10.7           10.7           9.9 
    Under 6 years                       14182        10.0      11.2       9.2            11.5           11.4          10.7 
18 to 24 years                          17308        12.9      14.3      13.2            15.0           15.0          14.6 
25 to 44 years                          57174         6.3       7.1       6.1             8.3            8.3           7.9 
45 to 64 years                          46423         5.9       6.4       6.1            10.9           10.9          10.7 
65 years and over                       27187         7.6       7.6       7.5            46.5           46.0          45.8 
  65 to 74 years                        14441         6.3       6.4       6.4            38.4           38.0          37.7 
  75 years and over                     12746         9.0       8.9       8.9            55.6           55.1          55.0 
                                                                                                                           
Family Relationship                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
In families                            159362         5.7       6.4       5.4            12.0           11.9          11.5 
  Married-couple families              134703         3.6       4.2       3.5             9.7            9.5           9.1 
    With related children under 18      78592         4.2       5.1       4.0             5.6            5.6           5.0 
  Female hhlder, no husband present     18233        19.8      21.4      17.8            28.5           28.5          27.7 
    With related children under 18      12331        26.1      28.0      23.1            31.7           31.6          30.7 
Unrelated individuals                   33136        16.4      17.4      17.3            32.4           32.2          32.0 
  Living alone                          21099        13.5      14.1      14.0            35.8           35.7          35.5 
    65 years and over                    8424        14.8      14.8      14.8            64.1           63.8          63.6 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes                 
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              Definition 3 
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health 
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance 
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements 
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or 
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary 
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income 
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4 
                                                                                                                           
Type of Residence                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Inside metropolitan areas              149802         6.6       7.2       6.5            13.8           13.8          13.4 
  Inside central cities                 41090         8.6       9.5       8.7            16.6           16.5          16.2 
  Outside central cities               108712         5.8       6.4       5.6            12.8           12.7          12.4 
Outside metropolitan areas              43532        11.6      12.6      11.3            21.8           21.5          20.9 
                                                                                                                           
Region                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
Northeast                               39360         7.0       7.6       7.0            15.8           15.7          15.3 
Midwest                                 52387         7.1       8.0       7.1            14.2           14.0          13.6 
South                                   63375         8.5       9.0       8.1            17.1           17.0          16.7 
West                                    38211         8.0       8.9       7.9            15.0           14.9          14.4 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                   
                                                                                      
Non-Hispanic White                                                                    
                                                                                      
    Total                                     15.8           15.9                15.0 
                                                                                      
Age                                                                                   
                                                                                      
Under 18 years                                11.6           11.7                 9.8 
  Related children                            11.0           11.0                 9.1 
    Under 6 years                             11.7           11.7                 9.7 
18 to 24 years                                15.4           15.6                14.6 
25 to 44 years                                 8.6            8.7                 7.7 
45 to 64 years                                11.1           11.2                10.9 
65 years and over                             46.1           46.2                46.1 
  65 to 74 years                              38.0           38.1                38.0 
  75 years and over                           55.2           55.3                55.3 
                                                                                      
Family Relationship                                                                   
                                                                                      
In families                                   12.2           12.2                11.2 
  Married-couple families                      9.7            9.7                 9.0 
    With related children under 18             5.8            5.8                 4.7 
  Female hhlder, no husband present           29.1           29.3                26.0 
    With related children under 18            32.1           32.2                27.7 
Unrelated individuals                         32.6           32.8                32.8 
  Living alone                                36.0           36.1                36.1 
    65 years and over                         63.8           63.8                63.8 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                       After taxes                    
                                                                                      
                                      Definition 4                                    
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6 
                                            social           less                plus 
                                          security        federal              earned 
                                           payroll         income              income 
                                             taxes          taxes              credit 
                                                5               6                   7 
                                                                                      
Type of Residence                                                                     
                                                                                      
Inside metropolitan areas                     14.0           14.1                13.3 
  Inside central cities                       16.8           16.9                16.2 
  Outside central cities                      13.0           13.0                12.2 
Outside metropolitan areas                    22.0           22.1                20.7 
                                                                                      
Region                                                                                
                                                                                      
Northeast                                     15.9           16.0                15.3 
Midwest                                       14.3           14.3                13.5 
South                                         17.4           17.5                16.5 
West                                          15.2           15.3                14.2 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Non-Hispanic White                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                  
    Total                                    15.1             7.7           7.4                7.4             6.9            6.6 
                                                                                                                                  
Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
Under 18 years                                9.8             8.5           8.4                8.4             7.9            7.3 
  Related children                            9.2             7.8           7.8                7.8             7.3            6.8 
    Under 6 years                             9.7             8.8           8.8                8.8             8.4            7.7 
18 to 24 years                               14.9            13.1          13.1               13.1            12.7           12.3 
25 to 44 years                                7.8             6.2           6.0                6.0             5.6            5.3 
45 to 64 years                               11.0             6.6           6.2                6.2             5.7            5.4 
65 years and over                            46.3             8.4           7.3                7.3             6.6            6.6 
  65 to 74 years                             38.2             7.3           6.2                6.2             5.6            5.5 
  75 years and over                          55.6             9.6           8.5                8.5             7.9            7.8 
                                                                                                                                  
Family Relationship                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                  
In families                                  11.2             5.5           5.3                5.3             4.9            4.6 
  Married-couple families                     9.1             3.4           3.2                3.2             3.0            2.8 
    With related children under 18            4.7             3.6           3.5                3.5             3.3            3.0 
  Female hhlder, no husband present          26.3            19.3          19.1               19.1            17.3           16.7 
    With related children under 18           27.9            24.6          24.5               24.5            22.5           21.6 
Unrelated individuals                        33.1            17.8          16.9               16.9            16.2           15.8 
  Living alone                               36.3            14.7          13.9               13.9            13.2           12.9 
    65 years and over                        64.1            15.8          14.3               14.3            13.5           13.4 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                                             After taxes                                          
                                                     Definition 8                                                                 
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11                
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus                
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested                
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12 
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus 
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid 
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13 
                                                                                                                                  
Type of Residence                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Inside metropolitan areas                    13.4             6.7           6.3                6.3             5.9            5.6 
  Inside central cities                      16.3             9.1           8.7                8.7             8.1            7.8 
  Outside central cities                     12.3             5.7           5.4                5.4             5.1            4.8 
Outside metropolitan areas                   20.9            11.5          11.2               11.1            10.5           10.1 
                                                                                                                                  
Region                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
Northeast                                    15.5             7.2           6.8                6.8             6.1            5.7 
Midwest                                      13.7             7.2           6.9                6.8             6.5            6.2 
South                                        16.6             8.3           8.0                8.0             7.6            7.4 
West                                         14.3             8.1           7.9                7.9             7.2            6.9 




Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
BELOW POVERTY LEVEL                                                           
                                                                              
Non-Hispanic White                                                            
                                                                              
    Total                                    6.1           6.5            5.4 
                                                                              
Age                                                                           
                                                                              
Under 18 years                               6.3           6.8            6.1 
  Related children                           5.8           6.2            5.6 
    Under 6 years                            6.6           7.1            6.4 
18 to 24 years                              11.9          12.3           11.5 
25 to 44 years                               4.9           5.2            4.6 
45 to 64 years                               5.1           5.4            4.2 
65 years and over                            6.2           6.6            4.0 
  65 to 74 years                             5.1           5.6            3.3 
  75 years and over                          7.4           7.8            4.8 
                                                                              
Family Relationship                                                           
                                                                              
In families                                  4.1           4.4            3.7 
  Married-couple families                    2.5           2.8            2.2 
    With related children under 18           2.6           3.0            2.4 
  Female hhlder, no husband present         14.8          15.2           13.9 
    With related children under 18          18.9          19.3           18.4 
Unrelated individuals                       15.1          15.7           13.1 
  Living alone                              12.0          12.1            9.2 
    65 years and over                       12.1          12.1            7.3 


	
	
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 1999 (Non-Hispanic White)

                                                   After taxes                
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14 
                                        other means tested               plus 
                                        government--                      net 
                                                       Noncash        imputed 
                                                     transfers         return 
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity 
                                       transfers      programs    in own home 
                                              14           14a             15 
                                                                              
Type of Residence                                                             
                                                                              
Inside metropolitan areas                    5.2           5.6            4.6 
  Inside central cities                      7.3           7.5            6.7 
  Outside central cities                     4.4           4.8            3.8 
Outside metropolitan areas                   9.2           9.6            8.0 
                                                                              
Region                                                                        
                                                                              
Northeast                                    5.2           5.7            4.6 
Midwest                                      5.7           6.0            5.3 
South                                        6.9           7.2            5.9 
West                                         6.3           6.7            5.5 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, March 2000.


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: June 22, 2010