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Census.govPeople and Households Poverty Main Poverty DataIncome, Poverty and Health Insurance in the United StatesPoverty in the United States: 2000 › Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Revised)

Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Revised)

(All Races)

Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.



                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

All Races

    Total                              275924        11.3      12.5      10.8            18.6           18.4          17.8

Age

Under 18 years                          71936        16.1      17.9      14.5            18.6           18.4          17.3
  Related children                      70767        15.6      17.4      14.0            18.1           17.9          16.8
    Under 6 years                       23243        16.9      19.1      15.2            19.2           19.0          17.8
18 to 24 years                          26965        14.4      16.4      14.7            17.6           17.5          16.8
25 to 44 years                          82220         9.2      10.4       8.8            11.3           11.2          10.7
45 to 64 years                          61824         7.6       8.2       7.8            12.9           12.8          12.3
65 years and over                       32978        10.2      10.3      10.3            48.2           47.8          47.5
  65 to 74 years                        17878         8.9       9.1       9.0            40.9           40.5          40.1
  75 years and over                     15100        11.7      11.8      11.7            56.9           56.4          56.3

Family Relationship

In families                            229482         9.6      10.8       8.8            15.7           15.5          14.8
  Married-couple families              180272         5.6       6.5       5.2            11.4           11.2          10.6
    With related children under 18     113407         6.9       8.2       6.3             8.6            8.5           7.7
  Female hhlder, no husband present     37422        27.9      30.2      25.1            35.7           35.5          33.9
    With related children under 18      27421        35.1      37.9      31.1            40.9           40.6          38.7
Unrelated individuals                   45117        18.9      20.3      20.3            32.5           32.4          32.2
  Living alone                          27878        17.0      18.0      18.0            36.5           36.4          36.2
    65 years and over                    9912        20.4      20.4      20.4            66.5           66.1          66.0
.                                                                                                                           2
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas              224349        10.8      11.9      10.3            17.4           17.2          16.6
  Inside central cities                 80144        16.1      17.6      15.6            23.5           23.3          22.6
  Outside central cities               144205         7.8       8.7       7.5            14.0           13.9          13.3
Outside metropolitan areas              51575        13.4      15.0      12.9            23.7           23.6          22.8

Region

Northeast                               52228        10.3      11.4       9.8            18.1           17.9          17.3
Midwest                                 63586         9.5      10.3       9.2            16.5           16.4          15.7
South                                   96759        12.5      13.8      12.1            20.2           20.1          19.5
West                                    63351        11.9      13.5      11.4            18.6           18.3          17.6
.                                                                                                                           3
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

All Races

    Total                                     18.8           19.0                17.5

Age

Under 18 years                                19.0           19.1                15.8
  Related children                            18.5           18.6                15.3
    Under 6 years                             19.7           19.9                16.1
18 to 24 years                                18.1           18.6                16.9
25 to 44 years                                11.7           11.9                10.4
45 to 64 years                                12.9           13.1                12.7
65 years and over                             48.0           48.3                48.1
  65 to 74 years                              40.8           41.1                40.9
  75 years and over                           56.6           56.7                56.7

Family Relationship

In families                                   15.9           16.1                14.2
  Married-couple families                     11.5           11.6                10.5
    With related children under 18             8.8            8.9                 7.1
  Female hhlder, no husband present           36.2           36.6                31.6
    With related children under 18            41.4           41.7                35.0
Unrelated individuals                         32.8           33.4                33.4
  Living alone                                36.7           37.1                37.1
    65 years and over                         66.1           66.2                66.2
.                                                                                                                           4
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     17.6           17.8                16.4
  Inside central cities                       23.9           24.1                22.1
  Outside central cities                      14.1           14.3                13.2
Outside metropolitan areas                    24.1           24.3                22.3

Region

Northeast                                     18.2           18.4                16.9
Midwest                                       16.6           16.7                15.6
South                                         20.6           20.8                19.2
West                                          18.9           19.2                17.2
.                                                                                                                           5
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

All Races

    Total                                    17.6            11.1          10.8               10.7            10.1            9.6

Age

Under 18 years                               16.1            14.6          14.4               14.4            13.6           12.6
  Related children                           15.6            14.1          13.9               13.9            13.0           12.2
    Under 6 years                            16.3            15.1          15.0               15.0            14.3           13.3
18 to 24 years                               17.0            14.7          14.5               14.5            14.0           13.5
25 to 44 years                               10.5             9.0           8.8                8.8             8.3            7.9
45 to 64 years                               12.8             8.2           7.9                7.9             7.2            6.8
65 years and over                            48.3            11.2           9.9                9.9             9.1            9.0
  65 to 74 years                             41.0             9.9           8.5                8.5             7.7            7.6
  75 years and over                          56.8            12.8          11.5               11.5            10.7           10.6

Family Relationship

In families                                  14.4             9.1           8.8                8.8             8.2            7.7
  Married-couple families                    10.6             5.3           5.1                5.1             4.7            4.4
    With related children under 18            7.3             6.1           6.0                5.9             5.6            5.1
  Female hhlder, no husband present          31.8            26.4          25.9               25.9            23.7           22.6
    With related children under 18           35.3            32.2          31.9               31.9            29.5           28.1
Unrelated individuals                        33.6            20.7          19.8               19.8            19.0           18.6
  Living alone                               37.3            18.6          17.7               17.7            16.7           16.3
    65 years and over                        66.5            21.6          19.8               19.8            18.8           18.7
.                                                                                                                           6
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    16.5            10.7          10.3               10.3             9.6            9.1
  Inside central cities                      22.4            16.2          15.6               15.6            14.5           13.6
  Outside central cities                     13.3             7.6           7.4                7.4             6.9            6.6
Outside metropolitan areas                   22.4            13.0          12.6               12.6            11.9           11.5

Region

Northeast                                    17.2            10.3           9.9                9.9             9.0            8.3
Midwest                                      15.8             9.3           9.0                9.0             8.5            8.0
South                                        19.3            12.2          11.8               11.8            11.3           11.0
West                                         17.3            12.0          11.7               11.6            10.6           10.0
.                                                                                                                           7
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

All Races

    Total                                    8.6           9.1            7.7

Age

Under 18 years                              11.0          11.7           10.4
  Related children                          10.5          11.2            9.9
    Under 6 years                           11.8          12.6           11.3
18 to 24 years                              12.6          12.9           12.2
25 to 44 years                               7.2           7.5            6.9
45 to 64 years                               6.3           6.6            5.3
65 years and over                            8.2           8.7            5.0
  65 to 74 years                             6.8           7.3            4.3
  75 years and over                          9.9          10.4            5.7

Family Relationship

In families                                  6.8           7.2            6.2
  Married-couple families                    4.0           4.3            3.5
    With related children under 18           4.6           5.0            4.2
  Female hhlder, no husband present         19.1          20.0           18.0
    With related children under 18          23.4          24.5           22.5
Unrelated individuals                       17.4          18.0           15.0
  Living alone                              14.6          14.9           10.8
    65 years and over                       16.6          16.7            9.3
.                                                                                                                           8
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (All Races)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    8.3           8.7            7.6
  Inside central cities                     12.2          12.7           11.6
  Outside central cities                     6.1           6.4            5.3
Outside metropolitan areas                  10.1          10.8            8.5

Region

Northeast                                    7.3           7.8            6.8
Midwest                                      7.4           7.7            6.9
South                                        9.8          10.3            8.4
West                                         9.1           9.6            8.3
.                                                                                                                           9
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

White

    Total                              225997         9.4      10.5       9.1            16.9           16.8          16.2

Age

Under 18 years                          56412        12.9      14.6      11.6            15.1           15.0          14.0
  Related children                      55463        12.3      14.0      11.0            14.5           14.4          13.4
    Under 6 years                       18277        13.7      15.7      12.2            15.7           15.6          14.5
18 to 24 years                          21532        12.6      14.6      13.1            15.2           15.2          14.7
25 to 44 years                          66558         8.0       9.1       7.7            10.0            9.9           9.4
45 to 64 years                          52373         6.4       7.0       6.5            11.4           11.4          11.0
65 years and over                       29122         8.9       9.0       9.0            47.6           47.1          46.9
  65 to 74 years                        15604         7.6       7.7       7.7            40.0           39.6          39.3
  75 years and over                     13518        10.4      10.5      10.5            56.3           55.8          55.7

Family Relationship

In families                            187677         7.7       8.7       7.0            13.9           13.7          13.1
  Married-couple families              155122         5.3       6.1       4.9            11.1           11.0          10.4
    With related children under 18      95624         6.7       7.9       6.0             8.2            8.1           7.3
  Female hhlder, no husband present     23591        22.1      24.0      19.7            30.3           30.3          29.1
    With related children under 18      16481        29.1      31.5      25.5            34.8           34.7          33.3
Unrelated individuals                   37211        17.2      18.6      18.6            31.7           31.6          31.4
  Living alone                          23215        15.2      16.1      16.1            36.0           35.9          35.7
    65 years and over                    8844        17.9      17.9      17.9            65.1           64.7          64.7
.                                                                                                                          10
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas              180296         8.8       9.8       8.5            15.7           15.5          15.0
  Inside central cities                 56014        13.2      14.6      12.8            20.7           20.6          19.9
  Outside central cities               124283         6.9       7.7       6.6            13.4           13.2          12.8
Outside metropolitan areas              45701        11.6      13.0      11.1            22.0           22.0          21.2

Region

Northeast                               43604         8.2       9.1       7.9            16.4           16.3          15.8
Midwest                                 55055         7.5       8.3       7.3            14.6           14.5          13.8
South                                   74630        10.1      11.1       9.8            18.1           18.0          17.5
West                                    52708        11.3      12.9      10.8            18.2           18.1          17.4
.                                                                                                                          11
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

White

    Total                                     17.2           17.4                16.1

Age

Under 18 years                                15.5           15.6                12.8
  Related children                            15.0           15.1                12.2
    Under 6 years                             16.4           16.5                13.2
18 to 24 years                                16.0           16.5                15.1
25 to 44 years                                10.3           10.5                 9.2
45 to 64 years                                11.5           11.7                11.3
65 years and over                             47.4           47.6                47.4
  65 to 74 years                              40.0           40.2                39.9
  75 years and over                           55.9           56.0                56.0

Family Relationship

In families                                   14.1           14.2                12.6
  Married-couple families                     11.3           11.3                10.3
    With related children under 18             8.4            8.5                 6.7
  Female hhlder, no husband present           31.0           31.4                27.0
    With related children under 18            35.6           35.9                29.7
Unrelated individuals                         32.1           32.8                32.7
  Living alone                                36.1           36.6                36.6
    65 years and over                         64.8           64.9                64.9
.                                                                                                                          12
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     15.9           16.1                14.9
  Inside central cities                       21.2           21.5                19.7
  Outside central cities                      13.5           13.7                12.7
Outside metropolitan areas                    22.4           22.6                20.6

Region

Northeast                                     16.5           16.6                15.5
Midwest                                       14.6           14.7                13.8
South                                         18.5           18.7                17.5
West                                          18.7           19.0                16.9
.                                                                                                                          13
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

White

    Total                                    16.2             9.3           9.0                9.0             8.5            8.0

Age

Under 18 years                               13.0            11.6          11.5               11.5            10.8           10.0
  Related children                           12.4            11.0          10.9               10.9            10.2            9.5
    Under 6 years                            13.4            12.3          12.1               12.1            11.5           10.6
18 to 24 years                               15.2            13.1          13.0               13.0            12.6           12.2
25 to 44 years                                9.3             7.9           7.7                7.7             7.2            6.9
45 to 64 years                               11.4             6.9           6.6                6.6             6.1            5.8
65 years and over                            47.6             9.8           8.7                8.7             8.0            7.9
  65 to 74 years                             40.1             8.5           7.3                7.3             6.6            6.5
  75 years and over                          56.1            11.3          10.3               10.3             9.6            9.5

Family Relationship

In families                                  12.7             7.2           7.0                7.0             6.5            6.1
  Married-couple families                    10.4             4.9           4.7                4.7             4.5            4.1
    With related children under 18            6.9             5.8           5.6                5.6             5.4            4.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present          27.2            21.4          20.9               20.9            18.8           17.9
    With related children under 18           30.0            27.2          27.0               27.0            24.5           23.2
Unrelated individuals                        32.9            18.9          18.1               18.1            17.5           17.2
  Living alone                               36.8            16.6          15.8               15.8            15.0           14.7
    65 years and over                        65.1            18.9          17.5               17.5            16.7           16.5
.                                                                                                                          14
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    15.0             8.9           8.6                8.6             8.0            7.6
  Inside central cities                      19.9            13.4          12.9               12.9            12.0           11.3
  Outside central cities                     12.9             6.8           6.6                6.6             6.2            5.9
Outside metropolitan areas                   20.7            11.1          10.8               10.8            10.2            9.8

Region

Northeast                                    15.7             8.3           7.9                7.9             7.2            6.7
Midwest                                      14.0             7.3           7.0                7.0             6.7            6.4
South                                        17.5            10.0           9.7                9.7             9.2            8.9
West                                         17.0            11.4          11.0               11.0            10.1            9.5
.                                                                                                                          15
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

White

    Total                                    7.4           7.8            6.6

Age

Under 18 years                               8.9           9.5            8.4
  Related children                           8.4           9.0            7.9
    Under 6 years                            9.4          10.3            8.9
18 to 24 years                              11.5          11.9           11.2
25 to 44 years                               6.4           6.6            6.1
45 to 64 years                               5.4           5.7            4.5
65 years and over                            7.3           7.7            4.4
  65 to 74 years                             5.8           6.3            3.7
  75 years and over                          9.0           9.3            5.2

Family Relationship

In families                                  5.5           5.9            5.0
  Married-couple families                    3.8           4.1            3.4
    With related children under 18           4.4           4.9            4.1
  Female hhlder, no husband present         15.6          16.1           14.9
    With related children under 18          20.0          20.6           19.3
Unrelated individuals                       16.1          16.6           13.8
  Living alone                              13.3          13.5            9.6
    65 years and over                       14.8          14.8            8.2
.                                                                                                                          16
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    7.1           7.4            6.4
  Inside central cities                     10.4          10.9            9.9
  Outside central cities                     5.5           5.8            4.9
Outside metropolitan areas                   8.7           9.3            7.2

Region

Northeast                                    6.0           6.4            5.5
Midwest                                      6.1           6.3            5.6
South                                        8.2           8.6            6.9
West                                         8.7           9.3            8.0
.                                                                                                                          17
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Black

    Total                               35752        22.0      24.0      21.1            29.1           28.9          27.7

Age

Under 18 years                          11407        30.6      33.5      28.2            34.7           34.3          32.6
  Related children                      11242        30.4      33.4      28.0            34.6           34.1          32.4
    Under 6 years                        3574        32.9      36.1      30.6            36.8           36.2          34.6
18 to 24 years                           3995        23.6      25.7      23.1            28.9           28.4          27.1
25 to 44 years                          10885        16.3      18.3      15.5            19.6           19.4          18.4
45 to 64 years                           6676        15.5      16.6      16.0            23.0           23.0          22.3
65 years and over                        2789        22.4      22.7      22.7            58.4           58.2          57.2
  65 to 74 years                         1630        19.4      20.1      20.1            51.4           51.3          50.1
  75 years and over                      1159        26.4      26.4      26.4            68.3           67.9          67.3

Family Relationship

In families                             29497        20.7      22.9      19.3            27.4           27.0          25.7
  Married-couple families               15208         6.7       8.3       6.7            13.0           12.9          12.0
    With related children under 18      10602         7.1       9.2       7.0            10.4           10.2           9.3
  Female hhlder, no husband present     12172        38.6      41.8      35.1            46.1           45.6          43.3
    With related children under 18       9690        44.7      48.3      40.1            50.9           50.2          47.7
Unrelated individuals                    6099        28.0      29.5      29.5            37.6           37.5          37.2
  Living alone                           3824        27.6      28.9      28.9            41.1           41.0          40.7
    65 years and over                     904        42.4      43.1      43.1            78.2           78.2          77.8
.                                                                                                                          18
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas               31390        21.2      23.0      20.2            27.9           27.6          26.4
  Inside central cities                 18461        25.8      27.7      24.8            33.0           32.9          31.7
  Outside central cities                12929        14.6      16.3      13.6            20.5           19.9          18.7
Outside metropolitan areas               4362        27.8      31.2      27.4            38.3           38.1          36.8

Region

Northeast                                6519        22.5      25.2      22.2            29.0           28.8          27.4
Midwest                                  6684        24.4      25.3      22.8            32.1           31.8          30.8
South                                   19328        21.6      23.8      20.6            28.6           28.5          27.3
West                                     3221        18.1      20.8      18.3            26.5           24.7          23.6
.                                                                                                                          19
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Black

    Total                                     29.5           29.7                26.8

Age

Under 18 years                                35.2           35.3                30.0
  Related children                            35.0           35.1                29.7
    Under 6 years                             36.9           37.1                31.2
18 to 24 years                                28.5           28.8                25.9
25 to 44 years                                20.1           20.3                17.8
45 to 64 years                                23.2           23.6                22.9
65 years and over                             58.7           59.2                59.2
  65 to 74 years                              52.0           52.7                52.6
  75 years and over                           68.3           68.4                68.4

Family Relationship

In families                                   27.7           27.9                24.4
  Married-couple families                     13.5           13.5                12.1
    With related children under 18            10.6           10.6                 8.7
  Female hhlder, no husband present           46.3           46.8                40.2
    With related children under 18            51.2           51.4                43.5
Unrelated individuals                         37.9           38.2                38.2
  Living alone                                41.2           41.4                41.4
    65 years and over                         77.8           77.8                77.8
.                                                                                                                          20
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     28.1           28.3                25.4
  Inside central cities                       33.6           33.8                30.8
  Outside central cities                      20.3           20.6                17.6
Outside metropolitan areas                    39.0           39.5                36.8

Region

Northeast                                     29.8           30.2                26.6
Midwest                                       32.5           32.5                30.6
South                                         28.9           29.1                26.0
West                                          25.8           26.0                23.9
.                                                                                                                          21
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Black

    Total                                    27.1            21.4          20.7               20.7            19.5           18.4

Age

Under 18 years                               30.6            28.0          27.7               27.7            26.3           24.8
  Related children                           30.3            27.8          27.5               27.4            26.1           24.6
    Under 6 years                            31.9            30.0          29.8               29.7            28.6           27.4
18 to 24 years                               26.1            22.7          22.1               22.1            21.1           20.0
25 to 44 years                               18.1            15.6          15.4               15.3            14.4           13.5
45 to 64 years                               23.2            17.3          16.6               16.5            14.7           13.9
65 years and over                            59.2            24.5          21.0               21.0            20.2           19.9
  65 to 74 years                             52.6            20.9          18.2               18.2            17.7           17.3
  75 years and over                          68.4            29.5          25.0               25.0            23.9           23.6

Family Relationship

In families                                  24.7            19.5          19.0               19.0            17.8           16.8
  Married-couple families                    12.7             6.8           6.4                6.4             5.8            5.0
    With related children under 18            9.5             7.0           6.8                6.7             6.1            5.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present          40.3            35.3          34.8               34.8            32.7           31.5
    With related children under 18           43.6            40.0          39.5               39.5            37.5           36.0
Unrelated individuals                        38.4            30.3          28.9               28.9            27.4           26.0
  Living alone                               41.8            30.5          28.6               28.6            26.7           25.3
    65 years and over                        77.8            45.6          40.4               40.4            38.7           38.4
.                                                                                                                          22
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    25.7            20.4          19.8               19.7            18.5           17.4
  Inside central cities                      31.2            25.1          24.4               24.4            23.1           21.7
  Outside central cities                     17.8            13.7          13.2               13.1            12.1           11.4
Outside metropolitan areas                   37.3            28.3          27.6               27.6            26.3           25.7

Region

Northeast                                    27.6            22.6          22.0               22.0            20.2           18.1
Midwest                                      30.9            24.4          23.9               23.7            22.0           20.3
South                                        26.2            20.2          19.6               19.6            18.8           18.3
West                                         23.9            19.2          18.5               18.5            16.8           15.7
.                                                                                                                          23
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Black

    Total                                   15.8          16.7           14.5

Age

Under 18 years                              20.4          21.7           19.7
  Related children                          20.1          21.4           19.4
    Under 6 years                           23.7          24.6           23.1
18 to 24 years                              18.0          18.6           17.3
25 to 44 years                              11.9          12.7           11.4
45 to 64 years                              12.3          12.7           10.5
65 years and over                           18.1          19.0           10.9
  65 to 74 years                            15.6          16.4           10.1
  75 years and over                         21.5          22.6           11.9

Family Relationship

In families                                 14.1          14.9           13.1
  Married-couple families                    4.7           5.0            4.1
    With related children under 18           4.6           4.9            4.3
  Female hhlder, no husband present         25.5          27.1           23.9
    With related children under 18          28.8          30.7           27.7
Unrelated individuals                       23.9          25.1           20.7
  Living alone                              22.2          22.8           17.4
    65 years and over                       34.0          34.4           19.9
.                                                                                                                          24
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Black)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                   15.0          15.8           13.9
  Inside central cities                     18.5          19.4           17.7
  Outside central cities                    10.1          10.8            8.5
Outside metropolitan areas                  21.6          22.9           18.7

Region

Northeast                                   15.5          16.3           14.5
Midwest                                     17.5          18.2           17.1
South                                       15.7          16.6           13.8
West                                        13.5          14.7           13.2
.                                                                                                                          25
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Hispanic Origin

    Total                               33716        21.2      23.9      19.9            26.5           26.1          24.8

Age

Under 18 years                          11884        28.0      31.6      25.4            31.4           31.0          29.2
  Related children                      11627        27.3      30.9      24.7            30.7           30.3          28.5
    Under 6 years                        4380        28.3      32.0      25.3            31.4           31.1          29.4
18 to 24 years                           4178        21.5      24.7      21.6            24.6           24.3          23.4
25 to 44 years                          10678        17.4      20.1      16.3            19.7           19.3          18.3
45 to 64 years                           5095        14.0      15.3      13.9            20.5           20.1          19.1
65 years and over                        1882        18.8      18.4      18.0            53.7           53.0          52.4
  65 to 74 years                         1153        18.9      18.4      18.1            49.3           48.2          47.4
  75 years and over                       729        18.5      18.3      17.8            60.8           60.5          60.2

Family Relationship

In families                             29976        20.1      22.8      18.3            25.1           24.7          23.3
  Married-couple families               21566        16.2      18.7      14.7            20.7           20.2          18.8
    With related children under 18      17446        18.3      21.3      16.4            21.0           20.4          18.7
  Female hhlder, no husband present      6048        36.5      39.4      33.8            44.0           43.7          42.5
    With related children under 18       4930        42.2      45.5      38.9            48.8           48.4          47.0
Unrelated individuals                    3521        28.8      31.4      31.4            36.3           36.1          35.8
  Living alone                           1402        24.3      25.5      25.5            39.5           39.4          39.2
    65 years and over                     408        36.6      36.6      36.6            78.6           78.6          78.6
.                                                                                                                          26
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas               30959        20.7      23.3      19.5            26.0           25.6          24.4
  Inside central cities                 15634        23.8      26.4      22.3            28.8           28.6          27.4
  Outside central cities                15325        17.6      20.1      16.6            23.2           22.5          21.3
Outside metropolitan areas               2757        27.0      30.7      24.7            31.7           31.5          29.6

Region

Northeast                                4556        22.9      25.0      21.0            30.2           29.9          29.0
Midwest                                  2577        17.6      20.4      17.2            20.5           20.1          18.9
South                                   11768        20.6      22.9      19.5            25.1           24.9          24.0
West                                    14816        21.8      24.9      20.4            27.4           26.8          25.2
.                                                                                                                          27
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Hispanic Origin

    Total                                     27.5           27.9                24.1

Age

Under 18 years                                32.8           33.0                27.2
  Related children                            32.1           32.3                26.5
    Under 6 years                             33.1           33.3                27.0
18 to 24 years                                25.7           26.4                23.3
25 to 44 years                                20.9           21.2                17.6
45 to 64 years                                20.7           21.2                19.7
65 years and over                             54.4           55.1                54.5
  65 to 74 years                              49.8           50.4                49.8
  75 years and over                           61.6           62.4                62.0

Family Relationship

In families                                   26.2           26.4                22.2
  Married-couple families                     21.6           21.8                18.0
    With related children under 18            22.0           22.2                17.6
  Female hhlder, no husband present           45.1           45.6                39.9
    With related children under 18            50.1           50.5                43.5
Unrelated individuals                         37.1           38.4                38.4
  Living alone                                40.0           40.8                40.8
    65 years and over                         79.1           79.1                79.1
.                                                                                                                          28
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     27.0           27.4                23.8
  Inside central cities                       30.0           30.4                26.5
  Outside central cities                      23.9           24.3                21.1
Outside metropolitan areas                    33.3           33.4                26.7

Region

Northeast                                     31.1           31.1                28.0
Midwest                                       21.0           21.6                18.1
South                                         26.3           26.7                23.6
West                                          28.5           28.9                24.3
.                                                                                                                          29
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Hispanic Origin

    Total                                    24.3            20.1          19.7               19.7            18.6           17.5

Age

Under 18 years                               27.4            25.3          25.1               25.0            23.8           22.2
  Related children                           26.7            24.6          24.4               24.3            23.0           21.5
    Under 6 years                            27.3            25.3          25.2               25.1            24.1           22.2
18 to 24 years                               23.5            21.5          21.3               21.3            20.5           19.4
25 to 44 years                               17.8            16.1          16.0               16.0            15.3           14.5
45 to 64 years                               20.1            14.7          14.2               14.2            13.0           11.9
65 years and over                            54.7            21.9          18.4               18.4            15.1           14.8
  65 to 74 years                             49.9            21.5          18.0               18.0            14.6           14.4
  75 years and over                          62.2            22.6          19.1               19.1            16.0           15.5

Family Relationship

In families                                  22.4            18.5          18.2               18.1            17.0           15.9
  Married-couple families                    18.2            14.2          13.9               13.9            13.3           12.2
    With related children under 18           17.8            15.6          15.4               15.4            14.8           13.5
  Female hhlder, no husband present          40.3            36.1          35.8               35.8            32.9           31.3
    With related children under 18           43.9            41.1          40.8               40.8            37.8           35.9
Unrelated individuals                        38.7            32.2          31.1               31.1            30.0           29.5
  Living alone                               40.8            28.0          26.0               26.0            23.6           23.1
    65 years and over                        79.1            42.9          37.9               37.9            33.1           32.7
.                                                                                                                          30
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    24.0            19.8          19.4               19.3            18.2           17.1
  Inside central cities                      26.8            23.0          22.5               22.5            21.1           19.4
  Outside central cities                     21.2            16.6          16.2               16.1            15.2           14.6
Outside metropolitan areas                   27.3            23.7          23.5               23.5            22.8           21.9

Region

Northeast                                    28.3            22.9          22.1               22.1            19.8           18.4
Midwest                                      19.5            17.0          16.8               16.8            16.1           14.8
South                                        23.6            19.2          18.9               18.9            18.4           17.6
West                                         24.5            20.5          20.1               20.0            18.7           17.5
.                                                                                                                          31
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Hispanic Origin

    Total                                   15.8          16.7           15.0

Age

Under 18 years                              20.0          21.3           19.2
  Related children                          19.2          20.5           18.5
    Under 6 years                           20.3          22.0           19.7
18 to 24 years                              17.8          18.5           17.3
25 to 44 years                              13.3          13.9           12.8
45 to 64 years                              10.8          11.4            9.9
65 years and over                           12.7          14.1            9.6
  65 to 74 years                            12.2          13.8            9.9
  75 years and over                         13.4          14.5            9.0

Family Relationship

In families                                 14.2          15.2           13.6
  Married-couple families                   11.0          12.0           10.2
    With related children under 18          12.1          13.2           11.2
  Female hhlder, no husband present         27.9          28.6           27.4
    With related children under 18          32.2          33.0           31.8
Unrelated individuals                       27.3          27.8           25.6
  Living alone                              18.9          19.1           14.8
    65 years and over                       25.9          25.9           15.9
.                                                                                                                          32
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Hispanic Origin)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                   15.5          16.4           14.8
  Inside central cities                     17.6          18.5           17.0
  Outside central cities                    13.4          14.3           12.5
Outside metropolitan areas                  19.0          20.2           17.7

Region

Northeast                                   15.8          16.4           15.7
Midwest                                     14.2          15.5           13.7
South                                       16.0          16.5           15.1
West                                        15.9          17.1           14.9
.                                                                                                                          33
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Asian or Pacific Islander

    Total                               11305        10.7      11.6      10.1            14.3           14.2          13.5

Age

Under 18 years                           3103        14.4      15.7      12.8            16.2           16.1          15.0
  Related children                       3070        14.1      15.5      12.6            15.9           15.9          14.7
    Under 6 years                        1063        12.2      13.7      10.4            13.6           13.6          12.7
18 to 24 years                           1136        13.6      14.1      12.5            18.1           17.7          17.3
25 to 44 years                           3973         7.8       8.8       7.7             8.9            8.8           8.5
45 to 64 years                           2260         9.6      10.1       9.5            12.3           12.1          11.6
65 years and over                         833        10.3      10.3      10.2            33.4           33.0          32.4
  65 to 74 years                          495        11.1      11.1      11.1            29.9           29.1          28.4
  75 years and over                       338         9.0       9.0       8.7            38.6           38.6          38.3

Family Relationship

In families                              9894         9.4      10.2       8.6            12.6           12.5          11.8
  Married-couple families                8316         8.5       9.1       7.6            11.7           11.5          10.9
    With related children under 18       5992         9.5      10.2       8.1            10.9           10.9          10.1
  Female hhlder, no husband present      1052        19.6      20.8      19.5            22.8           22.8          22.0
    With related children under 18        748        25.5      26.4      24.5            28.9           28.9          28.2
Unrelated individuals                    1375        19.7      20.9      20.7            25.9           25.9          25.7
  Living alone                            614        15.6      16.5      16.5            22.9           22.9          22.9
    65 years and over                      98        32.6      32.6      32.6            71.9           71.9          71.9
.                                                                                                                          34
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas               10896        10.7      11.5      10.1            14.3           14.1          13.5
  Inside central cities                  4904        11.9      12.7      11.7            17.3           16.9          16.6
  Outside central cities                 5992         9.7      10.6       8.9            11.7           11.8          11.0
Outside metropolitan areas                409        11.0      12.6       9.8            15.1           15.1          13.7

Region

Northeast                                1895        12.9      13.5      11.7            16.6           16.8          16.3
Midwest                                  1307         8.0       8.7       7.7             9.8            9.8           8.9
South                                    2017         9.7      10.4       9.8            11.5           11.5          11.2
West                                     6086        11.0      12.0      10.3            15.4           15.1          14.4
.                                                                                                                          35
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Asian or Pacific Islander

    Total                                     14.1           14.2                13.2

Age

Under 18 years                                15.7           15.7                13.7
  Related children                            15.5           15.5                13.5
    Under 6 years                             14.0           14.0                10.9
18 to 24 years                                17.9           18.1                16.7
25 to 44 years                                 8.9            9.1                 8.4
45 to 64 years                                12.1           12.2                11.7
65 years and over                             32.6           33.2                33.1
  65 to 74 years                              28.8           28.8                28.7
  75 years and over                           38.3           39.6                39.6

Family Relationship

In families                                   12.4           12.5                11.3
  Married-couple families                     11.2           11.2                10.2
    With related children under 18            10.4           10.4                 9.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present           23.3           24.2                22.7
    With related children under 18            29.2           29.2                27.1
Unrelated individuals                         25.7           26.2                26.1
  Living alone                                22.9           23.2                23.2
    65 years and over                         71.9           71.9                71.9
.                                                                                                                          36
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     14.1           14.2                13.2
  Inside central cities                       17.2           17.3                16.1
  Outside central cities                      11.6           11.7                10.7
Outside metropolitan areas                    13.7           14.0                13.1

Region

Northeast                                     17.6           17.6                15.1
Midwest                                        9.3            9.5                 8.8
South                                         11.7           11.8                11.5
West                                          14.8           15.0                14.0
.                                                                                                                          37
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Asian or Pacific Islander

    Total                                    13.2            10.7          10.5               10.5             9.4            8.9

Age

Under 18 years                               13.7            13.1          13.0               13.0            11.6           10.5
  Related children                           13.5            12.9          12.8               12.8            11.3           10.3
    Under 6 years                            11.0             9.8           9.6                9.6             9.3            8.5
18 to 24 years                               16.7            13.6          13.6               13.6            12.5           12.5
25 to 44 years                                8.5             7.6           7.5                7.5             7.3            6.9
45 to 64 years                               11.8            10.3          10.1               10.1             8.8            8.7
65 years and over                            33.6            13.6          12.0               12.0             8.2            7.9
  65 to 74 years                             29.1            13.0          11.3               11.3             9.4            8.9
  75 years and over                          40.2            14.5          13.2               13.2             6.5            6.5

Family Relationship

In families                                  11.4             9.2           9.0                9.0             7.9            7.4
  Married-couple families                    10.2             7.9           7.8                7.8             6.7            6.6
    With related children under 18            9.0             8.4           8.4                8.4             7.2            7.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present          23.2            20.7          20.3               20.3            19.0           15.7
    With related children under 18           27.7            26.2          25.7               25.7            23.8           19.2
Unrelated individuals                        26.5            21.4          21.1               21.1            19.9           19.5
  Living alone                               23.7            17.1          16.3               16.3            15.2           14.7
    65 years and over                        73.8            39.2          34.5               34.5            27.9           25.5
.                                                                                                                          38
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    13.2            10.7          10.5               10.5             9.4            8.9
  Inside central cities                      16.2            12.9          12.7               12.7            10.6           10.3
  Outside central cities                     10.8             8.9           8.8                8.8             8.4            7.8
Outside metropolitan areas                   13.6             9.0           9.0                9.0             9.0            8.7

Region

Northeast                                    15.1            12.5          12.3               12.3            10.4            9.8
Midwest                                       8.8             7.7           7.7                7.7             7.7            7.7
South                                        11.5             9.6           9.6                9.6             9.3            9.3
West                                         14.2            11.1          10.8               10.8             9.4            8.7
.                                                                                                                          39
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Asian or Pacific Islander

    Total                                    8.2           8.4            7.2

Age

Under 18 years                               9.8          10.0            9.3
  Related children                           9.6           9.8            9.0
    Under 6 years                            8.0           8.0            7.4
18 to 24 years                              10.7          11.1            9.8
25 to 44 years                               6.8           6.9            6.2
45 to 64 years                               7.4           7.8            5.7
65 years and over                            7.5           7.5            4.4
  65 to 74 years                             8.4           8.4            4.2
  75 years and over                          6.2           6.2            4.8

Family Relationship

In families                                  6.7           6.9            5.6
  Married-couple families                    6.0           6.3            4.9
    With related children under 18           6.6           6.8            5.8
  Female hhlder, no husband present         13.2          13.2           12.4
    With related children under 18          15.7          15.7           15.7
Unrelated individuals                       18.8          19.0           18.6
  Living alone                              13.6          13.6           13.1
    65 years and over                       21.8          21.8           16.6
.                                                                                                                          40
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Asian or Pacific Islander)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    8.2           8.4            7.1
  Inside central cities                      9.4           9.4            8.7
  Outside central cities                     7.2           7.6            5.9
Outside metropolitan areas                   8.7           8.7            8.5

Region

Northeast                                    9.6          10.2            8.4
Midwest                                      7.7           7.7            6.2
South                                        9.2           9.2            8.7
West                                         7.5           7.8            6.5
.                                                                                                                          41
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Non-Hispanic White

    Total                              193917         7.5       8.3       7.3            15.4           15.3          14.8

Age

Under 18 years                          45155         9.3      10.5       8.2            11.1           11.1          10.3
  Related children                      44447         8.7       9.9       7.6            10.6           10.6           9.8
    Under 6 years                       14096         9.4      11.0       8.3            11.1           11.0          10.0
18 to 24 years                          17534        10.6      12.3      11.1            13.2           13.2          12.7
25 to 44 years                          56426         6.3       7.1       6.1             8.2            8.2           7.8
45 to 64 years                          47495         5.6       6.1       5.8            10.5           10.5          10.1
65 years and over                       27308         8.3       8.4       8.4            47.2           46.8          46.6
  65 to 74 years                        14498         6.8       6.9       6.9            39.3           39.0          38.7
  75 years and over                     12810        10.0      10.1      10.1            56.0           55.5          55.4

Family Relationship

In families                            159143         5.5       6.2       5.0            11.9           11.8          11.3
  Married-couple families              134406         3.6       4.2       3.4             9.6            9.5           9.1
    With related children under 18      78863         4.2       5.0       3.8             5.5            5.4           4.8
  Female hhlder, no husband present     18011        18.1      19.6      15.6            26.5           26.4          25.2
    With related children under 18      11950        24.6      26.6      20.7            29.9           29.7          28.3
Unrelated individuals                   33881        16.1      17.3      17.3            31.3           31.2          31.0
  Living alone                          21887        14.7      15.5      15.5            35.8           35.7          35.5
    65 years and over                    8459        17.1      17.0      17.0            64.5           64.2          64.1
.                                                                                                                          42
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       Money income--                         Before taxes

                                                                                                              Definition 3
                                                           Definition 1 less          Money income--           plus health
                                                Excluding  taxes plus capital                   Definition 2     insurance
                                                  capital    gains (losses)      Definition 1           plus   supplements
                                                    gains                                less        capital    to wage or
                                                 (current   Without                government          gains        salary
                                        Total    measure)       EIC  With EIC       transfers       (losses)        income
                                     (thous.)      Def 1         1a        1b              2               3             4

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas              150912         6.6       7.3       6.5            13.7           13.6          13.2
  Inside central cities                 41288         9.5      10.4       9.5            17.9           17.8          17.3
  Outside central cities               109624         5.5       6.1       5.3            12.1           12.0          11.6
Outside metropolitan areas              43005        10.7      12.0      10.3            21.4           21.4          20.7

Region

Northeast                               39758         6.9       7.7       6.6            15.2           15.1          14.6
Midwest                                 52609         7.0       7.8       6.9            14.3           14.2          13.6
South                                   63331         8.2       9.1       8.1            16.8           16.7          16.3
West                                    38219         7.4       8.5       7.2            14.8           14.7          14.4
.                                                                                                                          43
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Non-Hispanic White

    Total                                     15.5           15.7                14.8

Age

Under 18 years                                11.3           11.4                 9.3
  Related children                            10.8           10.9                 8.8
    Under 6 years                             11.6           11.6                 9.1
18 to 24 years                                13.8           14.3                13.2
25 to 44 years                                 8.4            8.6                 7.7
45 to 64 years                                10.6           10.7                10.5
65 years and over                             46.9           47.1                46.9
  65 to 74 years                              39.3           39.5                39.2
  75 years and over                           55.6           55.7                55.6

Family Relationship

In families                                   12.0           12.1                10.9
  Married-couple families                      9.7            9.7                 9.0
    With related children under 18             5.5            5.5                 4.4
  Female hhlder, no husband present           26.9           27.3                23.2
    With related children under 18            30.4           30.7                24.7
Unrelated individuals                         31.6           32.2                32.2
  Living alone                                35.9           36.4                36.4
    65 years and over                         64.2           64.3                64.3
.                                                                                                                          44
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                       After taxes

                                      Definition 4
                                              less   Definition 5        Definition 6
                                            social           less                plus
                                          security        federal              earned
                                           payroll         income              income
                                             taxes          taxes              credit
                                                5               6                   7

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                     13.8           13.9                13.2
  Inside central cities                       18.1           18.3                17.4
  Outside central cities                      12.1           12.3                11.6
Outside metropolitan areas                    21.8           21.9                20.3

Region

Northeast                                     15.2           15.3                14.4
Midwest                                       14.3           14.4                13.6
South                                         17.1           17.3                16.4
West                                          15.1           15.2                14.1
.                                                                                                                          45
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Non-Hispanic White

    Total                                    14.9             7.6           7.3                7.3             6.8            6.5

Age

Under 18 years                                9.4             8.3           8.1                8.1             7.7            7.1
  Related children                            8.9             7.7           7.6                7.6             7.1            6.6
    Under 6 years                             9.1             8.3           8.2                8.2             7.7            7.0
18 to 24 years                               13.3            11.2          11.1               11.1            10.7           10.5
25 to 44 years                                7.8             6.4           6.2                6.2             5.8            5.5
45 to 64 years                               10.5             6.1           5.8                5.8             5.3            5.2
65 years and over                            47.1             9.0           8.1                8.1             7.5            7.5
  65 to 74 years                             39.4             7.6           6.6                6.6             6.0            5.9
  75 years and over                          55.8            10.6           9.8                9.8             9.3            9.2

Family Relationship

In families                                  11.0             5.3           5.1                5.1             4.6            4.4
  Married-couple families                     9.1             3.4           3.3                3.3             3.1            2.9
    With related children under 18            4.5             3.6           3.5                3.5             3.4            3.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present          23.4            17.1          16.6               16.6            14.7           14.0
    With related children under 18           25.0            22.1          21.9               21.9            19.7           18.7
Unrelated individuals                        32.4            17.6          16.8               16.8            16.2           15.9
  Living alone                               36.5            15.9          15.2               15.2            14.5           14.2
    65 years and over                        64.5            17.8          16.5               16.5            15.9           15.8
.                                                                                                                          46
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                                             After taxes
                                                     Definition 8
                                                             plus                                    Definition 11
                                     Definition 7       nonmeans-                    Definition 10            plus
                                             less          tested                             plus    means-tested
                                            state      government  Definition 9      regular-price      government  Definition 12
                                           income            cash          plus             school            cash           plus
                                            taxes       transfers      medicare            lunches       transfers       medicaid
                                                8               9            10                 11              12             13

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    13.3             6.8           6.5                6.5             6.1            5.8
  Inside central cities                      17.5            10.0           9.6                9.6             8.9            8.4
  Outside central cities                     11.7             5.5           5.3                5.3             5.0            4.8
Outside metropolitan areas                   20.4            10.4          10.0               10.0             9.4            9.0

Region

Northeast                                    14.6             6.9           6.6                6.6             6.1            5.7
Midwest                                      13.7             6.8           6.5                6.5             6.3            6.0
South                                        16.5             8.4           8.1                8.1             7.6            7.4
West                                         14.2             7.9           7.7                7.7             6.9            6.5
.                                                                                                                          47
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

Non-Hispanic White

    Total                                    6.0           6.3            5.2

Age

Under 18 years                               6.3           6.7            5.8
  Related children                           5.8           6.1            5.3
    Under 6 years                            6.2           6.7            5.7
18 to 24 years                              10.1          10.3            9.8
25 to 44 years                               5.1           5.3            4.9
45 to 64 years                               4.8           5.1            3.9
65 years and over                            6.9           7.3            4.1
  65 to 74 years                             5.3           5.7            3.3
  75 years and over                          8.7           9.1            5.0

Family Relationship

In families                                  4.0           4.2            3.5
  Married-couple families                    2.7           2.9            2.3
    With related children under 18           2.8           3.1            2.5
  Female hhlder, no husband present         12.0          12.5           11.2
    With related children under 18          15.7          16.2           14.9
Unrelated individuals                       15.0          15.5           12.6
  Living alone                              12.9          13.2            9.3
    65 years and over                       14.3          14.3            7.8
.                                                                                                                          48
Table 5.  Percent of People in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2000 (Non-Hispanic White)
(Based on a November 2001 weighting correction.)
                                                   After taxes
                                        Definition 13 plus      Definition 14
                                        other means tested               plus
                                        government--                      net
                                                       Noncash        imputed
                                                     transfers         return
                                         Noncash  less medical      on equity
                                       transfers      programs    in own home
                                              14           14a             15

Type of Residence

Inside metropolitan areas                    5.4           5.6            4.8
  Inside central cities                      7.9           8.2            7.4
  Outside central cities                     4.5           4.7            3.9
Outside metropolitan areas                   8.1           8.7            6.5

Region

Northeast                                    5.1           5.5            4.6
Midwest                                      5.7           5.8            5.2
South                                        6.9           7.2            5.5
West                                         6.1           6.3            5.4

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: June 22, 2010