These estimates are different from the official poverty estimates. There are two kinds of alternative poverty estimates in this report.
Based on the same poverty thresholds (dollar amounts used to determine poverty status) as the official measure, but different definitions of income.
Thresholds vary by size of family and ages of family members. Originally computed using USDA food budget data and estimated portions of family income spent on food. Updated for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (official measure and some alternatives use the CPI-U, other alternatives use the CPI-U-RS, a revised price index). (Learn more about CPI-U and CPI-U-RS.)
Income definitions vary:
Based on poverty thresholds and income definitions that both differ from the official poverty measure.
Thresholds are adjusted for family size and composition differently from the official measure--these thresholds are based on food, clothing, shelter, utilities, a small amount for miscellaneous expenses, and for some measures, average medical expenses paid out-of-pocket.
Income is based on: