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Census.govPeople and Households Poverty Main PublicationsSurvey of Income Program Participation (SIPP) Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 › Table 4

Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 - Table 4

Table 4. Spells of Poverty for Persons Who Became Poor During the 1993 SIPP Panel, by Selected Characteristics         11/17/97                                         



                                                       Percentage                                                                                                  

                                                        of spells                                                                                           Median 

                                                Total      right-                         Survival rates of poverty spells after-                            Spell 

                                               spells    censored   1 month   4 months   8 months  12 months  16 months  20 months  24 months  28 months  Duration 

                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                  

 All persons                                    75432        25.3    1.0000     0.5275     0.3337     0.2465     0.1938     0.1571     0.1293     0.1083       4.5 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Race and Hispanic origin                                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                  

 White                                          57740        23.2    1.0000     0.5087     0.3090     0.2211     0.1676     0.1403     0.1152     0.0939       4.2 

   Not of Hispanic origin1                      47473        22.6    1.0000     0.4899     0.2988     0.2123     0.1601     0.1373     0.1100     0.0892       4.0 

 Black                                          14016        33.5    1.0000     0.5874     0.4334     0.3435     0.2998     0.2272     0.1961     0.1799       6.8 

 Hispanic origin                                12218        26.1    1.0000     0.5746     0.3492     0.2564     0.2009     0.1528     0.1351     0.1126       5.0 

 Not of Hispanic origin                         63215        25.1    1.0000     0.5185     0.3308     0.2446     0.1924     0.1580     0.1281     0.1076       4.4 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Age                                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Under 18 years                                 25057        25.8    1.0000     0.5622     0.3645     0.2662     0.2113     0.1713     0.1367     0.1103       5.3 

 18 to 64 years                                 45995        23.7    1.0000     0.5022     0.3095     0.2265     0.1726     0.1386     0.1139     0.0947       4.0 

 65 years and over                               4380        38.0    1.0000     0.5934     0.4115     0.3463     0.3177     0.2705     0.2516     0.2419       6.7 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Sex                                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Male                                           35217        23.8    1.0000     0.5116     0.3102     0.2261     0.1770     0.1351     0.1119     0.0916       4.2 

 Female                                         40215        26.6    1.0000     0.5415     0.3542     0.2643     0.2084     0.1760     0.1443     0.1224       4.8 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Educational Attainment                                                                                                                                            

  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Less than 4 years of high school               15335        32.2    1.0000     0.6072     0.4122     0.3248     0.2666     0.2095     0.1865     0.1687       6.4 

 High school graduate, no college               19215        22.7    1.0000     0.4902     0.2971     0.2183     0.1638     0.1373     0.1068     0.0890       4.0 

 1 or more years of college                     15825        20.8    1.0000     0.4402     0.2522     0.1724     0.1306     0.1070     0.0899        (B)       3.7 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Disability Status                                                                                                                                                 

  (persons 15 to 69 years)                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                                                  

 With a work disability                         11353        31.3    1.0000     0.5894     0.3975     0.3127     0.2433     0.2105     0.1842     0.1694       5.8 

 With no work disability                        39972        22.2    1.0000     0.4904     0.2925     0.2075     0.1579     0.1206     0.0957     0.0756       4.0 

 

 Residence                                                                                                                                                         



 Metropolitan                                   53428        25.7    1.0000     0.5324     0.3442     0.2551     0.2039     0.1647     0.1335     0.1115       4.7 

   Central city                                 26620        28.5    1.0000     0.5617     0.3826     0.2961     0.2428     0.1947     0.1609     0.1346       5.4 

   Non-central city                             26809        22.8    1.0000     0.5030     0.3052     0.2140     0.1654     0.1349     0.1068     0.0889       4.1 

 Nonmetropolitan                                22004        24.3    1.0000     0.5156     0.3084     0.2254     0.1687     0.1386     0.1200     0.1014       4.2 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Region                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Northeast                                      12926        24.5    1.0000     0.5177     0.3489     0.2455     0.2008     0.1570     0.1382     0.1006       4.4 

 Midwest                                        18418        22.4    1.0000     0.4837     0.3134     0.2272     0.1776     0.1473     0.1129     0.1041       3.9 

 South                                          26244        28.1    1.0000     0.5640     0.3618     0.2672     0.1975     0.1677     0.1344     0.1223       5.6 

 West                                           17845        24.5    1.0000     0.5268     0.3025     0.2367     0.1984     0.1507     0.1290     0.1026       4.4 



                                                                                                                                                                  

 Family Status                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                  

 In families                                    61342        24.7    1.0000     0.5277     0.3335     0.2442     0.1912     0.1523     0.1228     0.0992       4.5 

   In families with related                                                                                                                                        

     children under 18 years                    50322        25.0    1.0000     0.5451     0.3487     0.2527     0.1973     0.1577     0.1244     0.1002       4.9 

   In married-couple families                   40109        21.2    1.0000     0.4777     0.2776     0.1962     0.1494     0.1249     0.1046     0.0791       3.9 

     In married-couple families with                                                                                                                               

       related children under 18 years          31774        21.4    1.0000     0.4958     0.2922     0.2037     0.1522     0.1261     0.1037     0.0784       4.0 

   In families with a female householder,                                                                                                                          

     no spouse present                          18864        32.2    1.0000     0.6377     0.4528     0.3485     0.2807     0.2127     0.1673     0.1431       7.2 

     In families with a female householder,                                                                                                                        

       no spouse present, with related                                                                                                                             

       children under 18 years                  16962        32.2    1.0000     0.6421     0.4569     0.3481     0.2828     0.2187     0.1694     0.1436       7.3 

 Unrelated individuals                          14090        27.7    1.0000     0.5266     0.3348     0.2567     0.2051     0.1780     0.1590     0.1518       4.5 

   In non-family households                     12741        27.8    1.0000     0.5187     0.3312     0.2552     0.2039     0.1784     0.1586     0.1544       4.4 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Employment and Labor Force Status                                                                                                                                 

  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Employed full-time                             15870        20.3    1.0000     0.4343     0.2429     0.1722     0.1298     0.1024     0.0847        (B)       3.7 

 Employed part-time                              8543        21.1    1.0000     0.4844     0.2881     0.1905     0.1333     0.1073     0.0905        (B)       3.9 

 Unemployed                                      6271        21.2    1.0000     0.5234     0.3233     0.2267     0.1744     0.1294        (B)        (B)       4.3 

 Not in labor force                             19691        31.7    1.0000     0.5784     0.3904     0.3124     0.2557     0.2141     0.1832     0.1644       5.9 

 

 Marital Status                                                                                                                                                    

  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Married                                        23052        21.1    1.0000     0.4633     0.2628     0.1880     0.1437     0.1203     0.1003     0.0809       3.8 

 Separated, divorced, or widowed                12333        31.9    1.0000     0.5756     0.4092     0.3206     0.2631     0.2257     0.1871     0.1748       6.2 

 Never married                                  14989        25.2    1.0000     0.5289     0.3294     0.2432     0.1844     0.1328     0.1137     0.0926       4.4 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Family Size                                                                                                                                                       

 

 1 person (unrelated individual)                14090        27.7    1.0000     0.5266     0.3348     0.2567     0.2051     0.1780     0.1590     0.1518       4.5 

 2 persons                                      11735        26.9    1.0000     0.5182     0.3533     0.2799     0.2234     0.1849     0.1514     0.1315       4.5 

 3 persons                                      12073        23.8    1.0000     0.4902     0.3450     0.2387     0.1845     0.1475     0.1054        (B)       3.9 

 4 persons                                      16055        23.7    1.0000     0.5024     0.2823     0.2055     0.1723     0.1425     0.1059     0.0884       4.0 

 5 persons                                      10964        22.8    1.0000     0.5618     0.3553     0.2375     0.1780     0.1409     0.1180        (B)       5.2 

 6 or more persons                              10516        26.7    1.0000     0.5837     0.3529     0.2793     0.2100     0.1513     0.1440        (B)       5.1 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Access to Health Insurance                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Covered by health insurance                    48025        26.5    1.0000     0.5161     0.3313     0.2516     0.2048     0.1631     0.1338     0.1184       4.4 

   Private insurance                            32325        20.4    1.0000     0.4297     0.2425     0.1664     0.1232     0.0915     0.0729     0.0641       3.7 

   Medicare                                      5330        39.0    1.0000     0.6207     0.4323     0.3649     0.3263     0.2861     0.2618     0.2502       7.2 

   Medicaid                                     15309        39.4    1.0000     0.7005     0.5172     0.4258     0.3670     0.3048     0.2508     0.2208       9.1 

 Not covered by health insurance                27407        23.1    1.0000     0.5475     0.3381     0.2386     0.1764     0.1474     0.1219     0.0937       4.8 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Receipt of Public Assistance                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                  

 Received public assistance2                    22561        36.5    1.0000     0.6935     0.5089     0.4078     0.3488     0.2813     0.2286     0.1893       8.5 

 Did not receive public assistance              52872        20.4    1.0000     0.4564     0.2573     0.1760     0.1257     0.1026     0.0858     0.0730       3.8 



1Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

2Public assistance programs include AFDC or General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income,

 food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: September 16, 2010