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Census.govPeople and Households Poverty Main PublicationsSurvey of Income Program Participation (SIPP) Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 › Table 5

Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 - Table 5


Table 5.  Transitions Into and Out of Poverty, by Selected                               

          Characteristics: 1993-1994



                                                   Poverty Status in 1994 

                                            Total                         

                                         (thous.)        Poor     Nonpoor 

Poverty Status in 1993                                                    

                                                                          

SEX                                                                       

                                                                          

   All persons                             246156       31104      215052 

 Poor                                       31840       24251        7590 

 Nonpoor                                   214315        6853      207462 

                                                                          

  Male                                     119523       12949      106575 

 Poor                                       13288        9876        3412 

 Nonpoor                                   106236        3073      103163 

                                                                          

  Female                                   126632       18155      108477 

 Poor                                       18553       14375        4178 

 Nonpoor                                   108080        3780      104299 

                                                                          

AGE                                                                       

                                                                          

Under 18 years                              65394       13618       51776 

 Poor                                       14248       11381        2867 

 Nonpoor                                    51146        2237       48910 

                                                                          

18 to 24                                    23694        3053       20641 

 Poor                                        3361        2066        1294 

 Nonpoor                                    20333         987       19346 

                                                                          

25 to 44                                    80850        8219       72632 

 Poor                                        8238        6201        2037 

 Nonpoor                                    72612        2018       70595 

                                                                          

45 to 64                                    48743        3594       45149 

 Poor                                        3496        2477        1019 

 Nonpoor                                    45247        1118       44130 

                                                                          

65 and over                                 27474        2620       24854 

 Poor                                        2498        2126         372 

 Nonpoor                                    24976         494       24482 

                                                                          

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN                                                  

                                                                          

   White                                   204533       20252      184282 

 Poor                                       20454       14844        5611 

 Nonpoor                                   184079        5408      178671 

                                                                          

   Black                                    31316        8932       22384 

 Poor                                        9439        7768        1671 

 Nonpoor                                    21877        1164       20713 

                                                                          

   Hispanic                                 23950        6842       17108 

 Poor                                        7354        5615        1739 

 Nonpoor                                    16596        1226       15369 

                                                                          

   White, not Hispanic                     184163       14303      169860 

 Poor                                       14127        9977        4150 

 Nonpoor                                   170037        4326      165710 

                                                                          

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT                                                    

                                                                          

Persons 18 years and over                  180762       17486      163275 

 Poor                                       17593       12870        4723 

 Nonpoor                                   163169        4616      158553 

                                                                          

  Not a high school graduate                34822        8177       26645 

 Poor                                        8145        6453        1692 

 Nonpoor                                    26677        1724       24953 

                                                                          

  High school graduate, no college          67024        5983       61041 

 Poor                                        6187        4366        1820 

 Nonpoor                                    60837        1617       59220 

                                                                          

  1 to 3 years of college                   41226        2325       38902 

 Poor                                        2382        1485         897 

 Nonpoor                                    38844         839       38005 

                                                                          

  4 or more years of college                37689        1001       36688 

 Poor                                         879         565         313 

 Nonpoor                                    36810         436       36374 

                                                                          

REGION                                                                    

                                                                          

  Northeast                                 50275        5879       44396 

 Poor                                        6075        4678        1398 

 Nonpoor                                    44200        1201       42999 

                                                                          

  Midwest                                   64090        6345       57745 

 Poor                                        6347        4887        1460 

 Nonpoor                                    57743        1457       56286 

                                                                          

  South                                     82337       11707       70630 

 Poor                                       12444        9430        3014 

 Nonpoor                                    69893        2278       67616 

                                                                          

  West                                      49454        7173       42281 

 Poor                                        6974        5256        1718 

 Nonpoor                                    42479        1917       40562 

                                                                          

FAMILY STATUS                                                             

                                                                          

   No change in family status              232965       29036      203929 

 Poor                                       30021       23359        6662 

 Nonpoor                                   202944        5676      197268 

                                                                          

  Married-couple family                    166137       11360      154777 

 Poor                                       11602        8377        3225 

 Nonpoor                                   154535        2983      151552 

                                                                          

  Other family type                         38462       12728       25734 

 Poor                                       13599       11106        2493 

 Nonpoor                                    24863        1622       23241 

                                                                          

  Unrelated individual entire period        28366        4948       23418 

 Poor                                        4820        3876         944 

 Nonpoor                                    23546        1072       22474 

                                                                          

  Change in family status                   13191        2068       11123 

 Poor                                        1819         891         928 

 Nonpoor                                    11372        1177       10195 

                                                                          

WORK EXPERIENCE                                                           

                                                                          

Persons 18 years and over                  180762       17486      163275 

 Poor                                       17593       12870        4723 

 Nonpoor                                   163169        4616      158553 

                                                                          

  No change between 1993 and 1994          150085       13968      136117 

 Poor                                       14024       10705        3320 

 Nonpoor                                   136060        3263      132797 

                                                                          

  Worked year-round, full-time              71379        1036       70344 

 Poor                                        1163         624         539 

 Nonpoor                                    70216         411       69805 

                                                                          

  Worked, not year-round, full-time         33036        3820       29216 

 Poor                                        3953        2383        1571 

 Nonpoor                                    29082        1437       27645 

                                                                          

  Did not work                              45670        9112       36558 

 Poor                                        8908        7698        1210 

 Nonpoor                                    36762        1414       35347 

                                                                          

  Change between 1993 and 1994              30677        3519       27158 

 Poor                                        3568        2165        1403 

 Nonpoor                                    27109        1353       25755 

                                                                          

PROGRAM PARTICIPATION                                                     

                                                                          

  No change in participation               227541       29033      198507 

 Poor                                       30054       23345        6708 

 Nonpoor                                   197487        5688      191799 

                                                                          

  Participated both years                   49078       23361       25716 

 Poor                                       25079       20311        4768 

 Nonpoor                                    23999        3050       20948 

                                                                          

  Did not participate either year          178463        5672      172791 

 Poor                                        4975        3034        1941 

 Nonpoor                                   173488        2638      170851 

                                                                          

  Change in participation                   18615        2071       16544 

 Poor                                        1787         906         881 

 Nonpoor                                    16828        1165       15663 

                                                                          

TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                         

                                                                          

Metropolitan                               189267       23123      166144 

 Poor                                       23236       17907        5329 

 Nonpoor                                   166031        5216      160816 

                                                                          

  Central city                              72235       13602       58633 

 Poor                                       13851       11099        2752 

 Nonpoor                                    58384        2504       55881 

                                                                          

  Not central city                         117032        9520      107512 

 Poor                                        9385        6808        2577 

 Nonpoor                                   107647        2712      104935 

                                                                          

Nonmetropolitan                             56889        7981       48907 

 Poor                                        8605        6344        2261 

 Nonpoor                                    48284        1637       46647 

                                                                          

SEX                                                                       

                                                                          

   All persons                              100.0        12.6        87.4 

 Poor                                       100.0        76.2        23.8 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.2        96.8 

                                                                          

  Male                                      100.0        10.8        89.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        74.3        25.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.9        97.1 

                                                                          

  Female                                    100.0        14.3        85.7 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.5        22.5 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.5        96.5 

                                                                          

AGE                                                                       

                                                                          

Under 18 years                              100.0        20.8        79.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        79.9        20.1 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.4        95.6 

                                                                          

18 to 24                                    100.0        12.9        87.1 

 Poor                                       100.0        61.5        38.5 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.9        95.1 

                                                                          

25 to 44                                    100.0        10.2        89.8 

 Poor                                       100.0        75.3        24.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.8        97.2 

                                                                          

45 to 64                                    100.0         7.4        92.6 

 Poor                                       100.0        70.8        29.2 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.5        97.5 

                                                                          

65 and over                                 100.0         9.5        90.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        85.1        14.9 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.0        98.0 

                                                                          

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN                                                  

                                                                          

   White                                    100.0         9.9        90.1 

 Poor                                       100.0        72.6        27.4 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.9        97.1 

                                                                          

   Black                                    100.0        28.5        71.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        82.3        17.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         5.3        94.7 

                                                                          

   Hispanic                                 100.0        28.6        71.4 

 Poor                                       100.0        76.4        23.6 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         7.4        92.6 

                                                                          

   White, not Hispanic                      100.0         7.8        92.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        70.6        29.4 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.5        97.5 

                                                                          

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT                                                    

                                                                          

Persons 18 years and over                   100.0         9.7        90.3 

 Poor                                       100.0        73.2        26.8 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.8        97.2 

                                                                          

  Not a high school graduate                100.0        23.5        76.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        79.2        20.8 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         6.5        93.5 

                                                                          

  High school graduate, no college          100.0         8.9        91.1 

 Poor                                       100.0        70.6        29.4 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.7        97.3 

                                                                          

  1 to 3 years of college                   100.0         5.6        94.4 

 Poor                                       100.0        62.4        37.6 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.2        97.8 

                                                                          

  4 or more years of college                100.0         2.7        97.3 

 Poor                                       100.0        64.3        35.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         1.2        98.8 

                                                                          

REGION                                                                    

                                                                          

  Northeast                                 100.0        11.7        88.3 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.0        23.0 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.7        97.3 

                                                                          

  Midwest                                   100.0         9.9        90.1 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.0        23.0 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.5        97.5 

                                                                          

  South                                     100.0        14.2        85.8 

 Poor                                       100.0        75.8        24.2 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.3        96.7 

                                                                          

  West                                      100.0        14.5        85.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        75.4        24.6 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.5        95.5 

                                                                          

FAMILY STATUS                                                             

                                                                          

   No change in family status               100.0        12.5        87.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.8        22.2 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.8        97.2 

                                                                          

  Married-couple family                     100.0         6.8        93.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        72.2        27.8 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         1.9        98.1 

                                                                          

  Other family type                         100.0        33.1        66.9 

 Poor                                       100.0        81.7        18.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         6.5        93.5 

                                                                          

  Unrelated individual entire period        100.0        17.4        82.6 

 Poor                                       100.0        80.4        19.6 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.6        95.4 

                                                                          

  Change in family status                   100.0        15.7        84.3 

 Poor                                       100.0        49.0        51.0 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0        10.3        89.7 

                                                                          

WORK EXPERIENCE                                                           

                                                                          

Persons 18 years and over                   100.0         9.7        90.3 

 Poor                                       100.0        73.2        26.8 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.8        97.2 

                                                                          

  No change between 1993 and 1994           100.0         9.3        90.7 

 Poor                                       100.0        76.3        23.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.4        97.6 

                                                                          

  Worked year-round, full-time              100.0         1.5        98.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        53.7        46.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         0.6        99.4 

                                                                          

  Worked, not year-round, full-time         100.0        11.6        88.4 

 Poor                                       100.0        60.3        39.7 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.9        95.1 

                                                                          

  Did not work                              100.0        20.0        80.0 

 Poor                                       100.0        86.4        13.6 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.8        96.2 

                                                                          

  Change between 1993 and 1994              100.0        11.5        88.5 

 Poor                                       100.0        60.7        39.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         5.0        95.0 

                                                                          

PROGRAM PARTICIPATION                                                     

                                                                          

  No change in participation                100.0        12.8        87.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.7        22.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.9        97.1 

                                                                          

  Participated both years                   100.0        47.6        52.4 

 Poor                                       100.0        81.0        19.0 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0        12.7        87.3 

                                                                          

  Did not participate either year           100.0         3.2        96.8 

 Poor                                       100.0        61.0        39.0 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         1.5        98.5 

                                                                          

  Change in participation                   100.0        11.1        88.9 

 Poor                                       100.0        50.7        49.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         6.9        93.1 

                                                                          

TYPE OF RESIDENCE                                                         

                                                                          

Metropolitan                                100.0        12.2        87.8 

 Poor                                       100.0        77.1        22.9 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.1        96.9 

                                                                          

  Central city                              100.0        18.8        81.2 

 Poor                                       100.0        80.1        19.9 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         4.3        95.7 

                                                                          

  Not central city                          100.0         8.1        91.9 

 Poor                                       100.0        72.5        27.5 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         2.5        97.5 

                                                                          

Nonmetropolitan                             100.0        14.0        86.0 

 Poor                                       100.0        73.7        26.3 

 Nonpoor                                    100.0         3.4        96.6 




Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: September 16, 2010