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Census.govPeople and Households Poverty Main PublicationsSurvey of Income Program Participation (SIPP) Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 › Table C9

Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 1993 to 1994 - Table C9

Table C-9. Standard Errors of Survival Rates and Median Spell Duration for Persons Who Became Poor

           During the 1993 SIPP Panel, by Selected Characteristics                              



                                                                                                                                           Standard error 

                                                                                                                                               of  Median 

                                                              Standard errors of survival rates for program spells after-                            Spell 

                                               1 month    4 months    8 months   12 months   16 months   20 months   24 months   28 months        Duration 

                                                                                                                                                          

 All spells                                    0.00000     0.01205     0.01185     0.01124     0.01083     0.01042     0.01042     0.01062         0.22881 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Race and Hispanic origin                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                          

 White                                         0.00000     0.01373     0.01332     0.01250     0.01168     0.01127     0.01106     0.01127         0.24173 

   Not of Hispanic origin1                     0.00000     0.01501     0.01440     0.01339     0.01257     0.01217     0.01197     0.01237         0.06896 

 Black                                         0.00000     0.02279     0.02380     0.02363     0.02363     0.02380     0.02414     0.02498         0.49966 

 Hispanic origin                               0.00000     0.03120     0.03120     0.02949     0.02821     0.02693     0.02671     0.02693         0.65610 

 Not of Hispanic origin                        0.00000     0.01296     0.01276     0.01215     0.01154     0.01134     0.01134     0.01154         0.26735 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Age                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                          

 Under 18 years                                0.00000     0.02066     0.02086     0.01984     0.01902     0.01861     0.01841     0.01841         0.57061 

 18 to 64 years                                0.00000     0.01387     0.01332     0.01241     0.01186     0.01150     0.01131     0.01168         0.24817 

 65 years and over                             0.00000     0.04278     0.04490     0.04490     0.04490     0.04542     0.04648     0.04718         1.63210 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Sex                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                          

 Male                                          0.00000     0.01762     0.01700     0.01598     0.01536     0.01475     0.01455     0.01496         0.32368 

 Female                                        0.00000     0.01651     0.01630     0.01569     0.01508     0.01488     0.01467     0.01488         0.32202 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Educational Attainment                                                                                                                                    

  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                          

 Less than 4 years of high school              0.00000     0.02323     0.02432     0.02396     0.02359     0.02323     0.02359     0.02432         0.67698 

 High school graduate, no college              0.00000     0.02133     0.02023     0.01914     0.01805     0.01750     0.01695     0.01713         0.09843 

 1 or more years of college                    0.00000     0.02322     0.02124     0.01926     0.01800     0.01728     0.01710         (B)         0.10081 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Disability Status                                                                                                                                         

  (persons 15 to 69 years)                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                          

 With a work disability                        0.00000     0.03051     0.03152     0.03091     0.03010     0.02969     0.03010     0.03152         0.63861 

 With no work disability                       0.00000     0.01649     0.01568     0.01445     0.01364     0.01303     0.01283     0.01283         0.07736 

 

 Residence                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Metropolitan                                  0.00000     0.01406     0.01386     0.01326     0.01265     0.01245     0.01225     0.01245         0.29324 

   Central city                                0.00000     0.01973     0.02014     0.01953     0.01913     0.01913     0.01913     0.01973         0.54163 

   Non-central city                            0.00000     0.01979     0.01900     0.01742     0.01623     0.01544     0.01504     0.01504         0.40571 

 Nonmetropolitan                               0.00000     0.02277     0.02194     0.02068     0.01964     0.01922     0.01922     0.01985         0.35308 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Region                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                          

 Northeast                                     0.00000     0.02833     0.02794     0.02655     0.02556     0.02437     0.02397     0.02318         0.64390 

 Midwest                                       0.00000     0.02440     0.02338     0.02174     0.02071     0.02030     0.02010     0.02071         0.11688 

 South                                         0.00000     0.02024     0.02045     0.01943     0.01883     0.01842     0.01822     0.01883         0.51824 

 West                                          0.00000     0.02510     0.02407     0.02303     0.02220     0.02158     0.02137     0.02137         0.34233 



                                                                                                                                                          

 Family Status                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                          

 In families                                   0.00000     0.01329     0.01309     0.01247     0.01186     0.01145     0.01125     0.01145         0.25153 

   In families with related                                                                                                                                

     children under 18 years                   0.00000     0.01472     0.01451     0.01390     0.01329     0.01288     0.01267     0.01267         0.28007 

   In married-couple families                  0.00000     0.01657     0.01534     0.01411     0.01330     0.01309     0.01309     0.01309         0.07160 

     In married-couple families with                                                                                                                       

       related children under 18 years         0.00000     0.01855     0.01753     0.01610     0.01508     0.01468     0.01468     0.01468         0.08357 

   In families with a female householder,                                                                                                                  

   no spouse present                           0.00000     0.02244     0.02402     0.02402     0.02382     0.02303     0.02224     0.02283         0.39172 

     In families with a female householder,                                                                                                                

       no spouse present, with related                                                                                                                     

       children under 18 years                 0.00000     0.02375     0.02553     0.02553     0.02514     0.02454     0.02395     0.02415         0.40973 

 Unrelated individuals                         0.00000     0.02690     0.02651     0.02533     0.02435     0.02415     0.02435     0.02494         0.51245 

   In non-family households                    0.00000     0.02799     0.02741     0.02624     0.02546     0.02527     0.02546     0.02585         0.52675 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Employment and labor Force Status                                                                                                                         

  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                          

 Employed full-time                            0.00000     0.02234     0.02024     0.01850     0.01745     0.01675     0.01658         (B)         0.09599 

 Employed part-time                            0.00000     0.02866     0.02704     0.02443     0.02231     0.02134     0.02052         (B)         0.11726 

 Unemployed                                    0.00000     0.03212     0.03118     0.02866     0.02708     0.02535         (B)         (B)         0.41569 

 Not in labor force                            0.00000     0.01943     0.02011     0.01977     0.01943     0.01926     0.01943     0.01994         0.50625 

 

 Marital Status                                                                                                                                            


  (persons 18 years and over)                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                          

 Married                                       0.00000     0.01938     0.01792     0.01646     0.01554     0.01518     0.01536     0.01573         0.08228 

 Separated, divorced, or widowed               0.00000     0.02541     0.02611     0.02576     0.02541     0.02506     0.02506     0.02576         0.73958 

 Never married                                 0.00000     0.02419     0.02364     0.02255     0.02146     0.02037     0.01982     0.02019         0.36370 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Family size                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                          

 1 person (unrelated individual)               0.00000     0.02690     0.02651     0.02533     0.02435     0.02415     0.02435     0.02494         0.51245 

 2 persons                                     0.00000     0.02869     0.02849     0.02772     0.02676     0.02618     0.02599     0.02657         0.71040 

 3 persons                                     0.00000     0.02878     0.02839     0.02663     0.02545     0.02447     0.02369         (B)         0.14684 

 4 persons                                     0.00000     0.02484     0.02349     0.02176     0.02118     0.02060     0.01983     0.01983         0.43901 

 5 persons                                     0.00000     0.02989     0.02989     0.02733     0.02576     0.02497     0.02497         (B)         1.41580 

 6 or more persons                             0.00000     0.03275     0.03296     0.03212     0.03065     0.02981     0.02960         (B)         0.74116 

                                                                                                                                                          

 Access to Health Insurance                                                                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                          

 Covered by health insurance                   0.00000     0.01447     0.01427     0.01369     0.01329     0.01310     0.01290     0.01329         0.31281 

   Private insurance                           0.00000     0.01733     0.01579     0.01425     0.01329     0.01271     0.01232     0.01252         0.06932 

   Medicare                                    0.00000     0.04235     0.04528     0.04528     0.04547     0.04606     0.04742     0.04840         0.50156 

   Medicaid                                    0.00000     0.02317     0.02607     0.02684     0.02723     0.02781     0.02877     0.02993         1.13731 

 Not covered by health insurance               0.00000     0.01892     0.01872     0.01736     0.01619     0.01560     0.01521     0.01521         0.29647 



                                                                                                                                                          

 Receipt of Public Assistance                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                          

 Received public assistance2                   0.00000     0.01947     0.02183     0.02223     0.02242     0.02262     0.02282     0.02360         1.23333 

 Did not receive public assistance             0.00000     0.01394     0.01295     0.01175     0.01076     0.01036     0.01016     0.01036         0.05776 

 

1Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

2Public assistance programs include AFDC or General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income,

 food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: September 16, 2010