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Examining the Effect of Off Campus College Students on Poverty Rates

SEHSD 2013-17
Alemayehu Bishaw
May 1, 2013

Full Report [PDF - 1.5M]

According to the 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-year data, there were about 23.2 million college students enrolled in colleges in under graduate or graduate studies in the United States. In every state, small towns and big cities, these students mostly reside in college campuses and in concentrated communities around the colleges. Though they are a transient resident population, it is apparent that the demographic and economic characteristics of these students are noticeably reflected in the characteristics of the local communities. In particular, such impacts are more evident in smaller communities. This paper, using the American Community Survey 3-year data, analyzes the impact of college students in particular of those not living with relatives, on the poverty rate of places in which the schools are located. This report excludes college students residing with parents or relatives from its analysis, as their poverty status is determined together with their family.

The working paper includes two maps and eight tables. Additional tables are available in the appendix.

Appendix Tables

Appendix Table 1. Number of People 3-years and Over Enrolled in School by State: 2009-2011 [PDF - 82k]

Appendix Table 2. Group Quarters Residents Enrolled in Colleges by Major Types of Group Quarters by State: 2009-2011 [PDF - 65k]

Appendix Table 3. Effect of Off-Campus College Students not Living with Relatives on Poverty Rates of Counties: 2009-2011 [PDF - 548k]

Appendix Table 4. Effect of Off-Campus College Students not Living with Relatives on Poverty Rates of Places: 2009-2011 [PDF - 599k]


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division: Poverty |  Last Revised: July 17, 2013