U.S. Census Bureau
 Program Participation



PROGRAM: PARTICIPATION, 1992-1993,
WHO GETS ASSISTANCE?

Table A.
Average Monthly Participation Rates and Median Monthly Family Benefits, by Selected Characteristics: 1992 and 1993
Participation rates (in percent)

Characteristic Means-tested programs 1/ AFDC/General Assistance SSI Food stamps
1992 1993 1992 1993 1992 1993 1992 1993
Total number of recipients(thousands). 34,464 35,968 12,366 12,790 4,721 4,987 21,757 22,553
As percent of the population 13.5 14.0 4.8 5.0 1.9 1.9 8.5 8.7
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 2/
White 10.3 10.6 3.1 3.1 1.4 1.5 6.2 6.2
Not of Hispanic origin 8.6 8.7 2.4 2.4 1.3 1.4 5.0 4.9
Black 34.2 35.5 16.3 16.4 4.4 4.7 24.3 25.4
Hispanic origin 27.0 28.9 10.4 10.9 2.6 2.9 17.7 18.9
Not of Hispanic origin 12.0 12.3 4.2 4.3 1.8 1.8 7.5 7.6
AGE

Under 18 years 22.7 23.7 11.1 11.4 0.0 0.0 16.4 16.9
18 to 64 years 9.8 10.0 3.0 3.0 1.8 2.0 6.0 6.1
65 years and over 11.8 12.0 0.2 0.2 6.1 5.9 3.8 3.9
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT (Persons 18 Years and over)
Under 4 years of high school 22.8 23.6 5.3 5.3 7.6 7.8 13.0 13.5
High school graduate, no college 9.9 10.1 2.7 2.8 1.7 2.0 5.8 5.8
1 or more years of college 4.0 4.1 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.9 1.9
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 Years)
With work disability 24.6 25.2 5.4 5.0 10.3 11.0 13.4 13.2
With no work disability 7.5 7.8 2.7 2.8 0.3 0.4 4.9 5.1
RESIDENCE

Metropolitan 12.8 13.3 5.0 5.1 1.7 1.8 7.9 8.1
Central city 19.9 19.8 8.6 8.5 2.5 2.6 13.0 12.8
Noncentral city 8.2 8.8 2.5 2.8 1.2 1.2 4.5 4.9
Nonmetropolitan 15.9 16.2 4.5 4.5 2.4 2.5 10.7 10.9
REGION

Northeast 13.2 13.8 5.6 5.7 1.7 1.8 8.0 8.2
Midwest 11.6 11.9 4.7 4.7 1.2 1.2 7.5 7.7
South 15.0 15.5 4.2 4.4 2.2 2.3 10.3 10.7
West 13.7 14.2 5.5 5.5 2.1 2.3 7.3 7.3
FAMILY STATUS

In families 13.6 14.2 5.5 5.7 1.3 1.4 9.1 9.4
In married-couple families 7.3 7.7 1.6 1.7 0.8 0.9 4.2 4.3
In families with a female house-holder, no spouse present. 41.6 42.9 23.6 23.9 3.3 3.6 31.7 32.6
Unrelated individuals 13.3 12.8 0.9 0.8 5.0 5.2 5.1 4.9
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 Years and over)
Employed full-time 3.4 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.5 1.5
Employed part-time 8.4 8.6 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.0 4.8 4.8
Unemployed 24.5 24.3 9.5 9.3 1.4 1.3 18.1 18.6
Not in the labor force 19.6 20.2 5.5 5.6 6.9 7.2 10.9 11.2
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
Less than 1.00 56.2 57.3 26.8 26.8 6.0 6.6 45.0 45.7
1.00 and over 6.2 6.5 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 2.3 2.4
1/ Major means-tested programs include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.

2/ Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

3/ Median monthly family benefits are the total received from AFDC, General Assistance, food stamps, and SSI.

4/ The symbol 'X' denotes 'not available'.

Table A. Continued
Average Monthly Participation Rates and Median Monthly Family Benefits, by
Selected Characteristics: 1992 and 1993
Characteristic Participation rates
(in percent)
Monthly family benefits 3/
(in dollars)
Medicaid Housing Assistance 1992 1993
1992 1993 1992 1993 Median Standard error Median Standard error
Total number of recipients(thousands). 24,590 26,453 10,749 10,759 (X) (X) (X) (X)
As percent of the population 9.6 10.3 4.2 4.2 452 3.0 454 4.5
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 2/
White 7.1 7.7 2.8 2.7 400 9.5 399 4.0
Not of Hispanic origin 5.8 6.2 2.4 2.3 359 4.5 365 5.5
Black 26.1 27.0 13.4 13.7 536 6.0 526 3.5
Hispanic origin 19.8 21.6 7.7 7.9 490 7.5 478 7.5
Not of Hispanic origin 8.5 9.0 3.8 3.8 448 4.5 443 4.5
AGE

Under 18 years 18.0 19.5 6.6 6.6 565 7.0 555 5.5
18 to 64 years 6.3 6.6 3.1 3.0 425 4.5 426 4.5
65 years and over 7.9 8.1 4.7 4.8 202 4.5 197 6.0
EDUCATION ATTAINMENT (Persons 18 Years and Over)
Under 4 years of high school 15.8 16.5 7.1 7.2 386 8.0 380 8.0
High school graduate, no college 6.1 6.5 3.2 3.1 359 10.0 373 10.5
1 or more years of college 2.4 2.4 1.6 1.6 415 10.0 436 13.0
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 Years)
With work disability 18.6 19.5 6.2 6.2 417 6.5 412 10.0
With no work disability 4.4 4.7 2.6 2.6 434 7.5 438 3.0
RESIDENCE

Metropolitan 9.4 10.0 4.2 4.3 498 9.0 493 5.5
Central city 14.7 14.9 7.3 7.3 551 7.0 551 6.5
Noncentral city 5.9 6.6 2.2 2.3 428 6.0 430 5.5
Nonmetropolitan 10.5 11.2 4.2 3.7 349 6.0 345 6.5
REGION

Northeast 9.9 10.5 5.6 5.8 552 11.5 548 12.0
Midwest 8.4 8.9 4.0 3.8 486 9.0 481 6.0
South 9.4 10.3 4.1 4.0 362 7.0 362 8.0
West 11.3 11.7 3.4 3.4 625 7.5 600 2.5
FAMILY STATUS

In families 9.9 10.6 3.9 3.9 489 3.0 482 4.5
In married-couple families 4.7 5.2 1.6 1.6 355 5.0 340 7.5
In families with a female house-holder, no spouse present. 33.4 34.8 14.5 14.4 571 5.5 564 4.5
Unrelated individuals 8.1 8.1 6.0 5.7 184 6.5 188 8.0
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 Years and Over)
Employed full-time 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5 233 6.5 231 6.5
Employed part-time 4.6 4.9 3.1 2.9 277 9.0 282 9.5
Unemployed 14.7 14.2 6.8 7.3 400 19.5 411 20.5
Not in the labor force 14.8 15.5 5.9 5.8 434 0.0 433 1.0
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
Less than 1.00 43.6 44.9 17.6 18.0 496 7.0 496 7.5
1.00 and over 3.9 4.3 1.9 1.8 334 6.5 349 4.5
1/ Major means-tested programs include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.

2/ Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

3/ Median monthly family benefits are the total received from AFDC, General Assistance, food stamps, and SSI.

4/ The symbol 'X' denotes 'not available'.


Contact the Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free) or visit ask.census.gov for further information on Program Participation Data.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011