U.S. Census Bureau
 Program Participation



PROGRAM PARTICIPATION, 1992-1993,
WHO GETS ASSISTANCE?

Table B.
Median Duration of Participation and Standard Errors by Program: 1992-1993
(in months)
Characteristic Major assistance programs 1/ AFDC/General Assistance SSI
Median Standard error Median Standard error Median Standard error
All recipients 7.7 0.310 8.5 1.110 (X) (X)
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 2/
White 7.3 0.317 7.3 0.581 (X) (X)
Not of Hispanic origin 6.9 1.173 7.5 0.591 (X) (X)
Black 13.3 1.894 13.8 1.888 (X) (X)
Hispanic origin 9.3 1.567 7.5 1.717 (X) (X)
Not of Hispanic origin 7.5 0.384 8.8 1.109 (X) (X)
AGE /3

Under 18 years 7.2 0.438 10.0 1.870 (B) (B)
18 to 64 7.8 0.397 7.8 0.641 (X) (X)
65 years and over (X) (X) (B) (B) (X) (X)
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT (Persons 18 Years and over)
Under 4 years of high school 11.7 1.061 7.9 1.194 (X) (X)
High school graduate, no college 7.7 0.608 7.6 0.811 (X) (X)
1 or more years of college 7.4 0.713 7.8 1.559 14.3 3.6
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 years)
With work disability 10.6 2.035 8.3 4.155 (X) (X)
With no work disability 7.6 0.434 7.5 0.957 7.8 1.646
RESIDENCE

Metropolitan 7.9 0.328 9.5 1.772 (X) (X)
Central city 8.5 4.551 9.8 3.873 (X) (X)
Noncentral city 7.7 0.406 9.3 1.772 (X) (X)
Nonmetropolitan 7.4 0.803 7.4 0.572 (X) (X)
REGION

Northeast 7.9 0.491 7.5 0.699 (X) (X)
Midwest 7.4 0.844 10.9 1.552 17.4 2.619
South 8.9 1.800 9.7 1.965 (X) (X)
West 7.3 0.466 7.5 2.404 (X) (X)
FAMILY STATUS

In families 7.6 0.332 8.5 1.124 (X) (X)
In married-couple families 6.3 1.569 5.0 3.544 19.7 5.531
In families with a female house-holder, no spouse present 13.1 6.196 12.3 1.726 (X) (X)
Unrelated individuals 11.2 0.898 13.1 2.057 (X) (X)
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 Years and over)
Employed full-time 5.4 1.091 3.7 0.293 7.0 2.624
Employed part-time 7.5 1.162 7.0 1.340 (B) (B)
Unemployed 9.0 1.353 6.1 1.641 (B) (B)
Not in the labor force 16.7 0.549 11.5 1.462 (X) (X)
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
Less than 1.00 11.5 0.831 9.6 1.402 (X) (X)
1.00 and over 6.0 1.118 5.5 1.627 (X) (X)
1/ Means-tested programs include AFDC and General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.

2/ Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

3/ The symbols 'X' and 'B' denote 'not available' and 'base less than 200,000', respectively. Median duration cannot be computed when more than half of the spells are continuing in the last month of data collection. This situation is especially likely to occur for elderly recipients whose income from other sources is unlikely to rise over time.

4/ Age, educational attainment, and other variables are measured at the time the spells begin, excluding those who are already on programs at the start of the survey

Table B. Continued
Median Duration of Participation and Standard Errors by Program: 1992-1993
( in months )
Characteristic Food stamps Medicaid Housing
Median Standard error Median Standard error Median Standard error
All recipients 8.0 0.444 8.1 1.505 (X) (X)
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 2/
White 7.2 0.534 7.9 0.288 14.5 2.072
Not of Hispanic origin 6.6 0.951 7.9 0.388 11.9 0.973
Black 13.3 0.563 11.5 0.924 (X) (X)
Hispanic origin 9.5 1.464 7.9 0.436 18.1 0.475
Not of Hispanic origin 7.8 0.529 8.4 1.878 (X) (X)
AGE /3

Under 18 years 8.5 1.141 7.1 0.375 (X) (X)
18 to 64 7.5 0.520 11.4 0.660 14.6 2.063
65 years and over (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT (Persons 18 years and over)
Under 4 years of high school 10.3 1.936 17.5 2.733 (X) (X)
High school graduate, no college 7.3 0.808 11.1 0.897 11.5 1.194
1 or more years of college 5.6 1.264 9.9 3.231 14.3 1.644
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 Years)
With work disability 7.3 1.354 19.1 2.133 (X) (X)
With no work disability 7.5 0.574 7.9 0.360 13.6 5.416
RESIDENCE

Metropolitan 8.4 1.015 7.9 0.301 (X) (X)
Central city 9.7 1.679 7.8 0.384 (X) (X)
Noncentral city 7.5 0.781 8.0 0.479 (X) (X)
Nonmetropolitan 7.4 1.095 9.3 2.235 14.0 3.697
REGION

Northeast 7.5 0.876 8.0 0.479 (X) (X)
Midwest 7.9 1.463 11.5 1.297 19.4 1.888
South 9.5 1.571 7.8 0.487 (X) (X)
West 6.9 0.896 7.8 0.487 (X) (X)
FAMILY STATUS

In families 7.9 0.459 7.9 0.274 (X) (X)
In married-couple families 6.7 0.858 7.2 0.306 15.1 1.668
In families with a female house-holder, no spouse present 11.5 1.556 12.6 1.843 (X) (X)
Unrelated individuals 10.6 3.512 12.1 1.746 11.2 1.123
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 years and over)
Employed full-time 4.2 0.709 7.0 0.554 10.6 2.949
Employed part-time 7.2 1.745 7.8 0.525 (X) (X)
Unemployed 7.8 0.709 12.2 1.938 (X) (X)
Not in the labor force 12.8 2.676 19.7 0.788 (X) (X)
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
Less than 1.00 9.8 1.461 11.9 0.568 (X) (X)
1.00 and over 5.9 1.076 7.1 0.294 (X) (X)
1/ Means-tested programs include AFDC and General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing assistance.

2/ Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

3/ The symbols 'X' and 'B' denote 'not available' and 'base less than 200,000', respectively. Median duration cannot be computed when more than half of the spells are continuing in the last month of data collection. This situation is especially likely to occur for elderly recipients whose income from other sources is unlikely to rise over time.

4/ Age, educational attainment, and other variables are measured at the time the spells begin, excluding those who are already on programs at the start of the survey


Contact the Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free) or visit ask.census.gov for further information on Program Participation Data.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011