U.S. Census Bureau
 Program Participation



PROGRAM: PARTICIPATION, 1993-1994,
WHO GETS ASSISTANCE?

Table A.
Average Monthly Participation Rates and Median Monthly Family Benefits, by Selected Characteristics: 1993 and 1994
Participation rates (in percent)

Characteristic Any Means-Tested Programs 1 AFDC/General Assistance SSI Food stamps
1993 1994 1993 1994 1993 1994 1993 1994
  Total number of recipients(thousands).2 39,196 39,514 14,675 14,438 4,841 5,106 25,713 25,383
  As percent of the population 15.2 15.2 5.7 5.5 1.9 2.0 10.0 9.7
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 3
  White 11.7 11.8 3.8 3.7 1.4 1.5 7.4 7.2
  Not of Hispanic origin 9.4 9.4 2.8 2.6 1.3 1.3 5.7 5.4
  Black 36.6 36.6 16.4 16.4 4.5 4.7 26.0 25.6
  Hispanic origin 32.3 31.7 13.7 12.9 3.0 2.9 22.9 21.9
  Not of Hispanic origin 13.3 13.2 4.8 4.7 1.8 1.8 8.5 8.3
AGE

  Under 18 years 26.2 26.5 13.2 12.9 0.0 0.0 19.6 19.3
  18 to 64 years 11.0 10.8 3.4 3.3 2.0 2.1 6.9 6.6
  65 years and over 12.0 11.7 0.2 0.2 5.5 5.4 4.2 4.1
Sex
  Men 13.0 13.0 4.5 4.3 1.4 1.4 8.4 8.2
  Women 17.2 17.3 6.8 6.7 2.4 2.5 11.5 11.2
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT (people 18 years and over)
  Less than four years of high   school 25.8 25.6 6.5 5.9 7.5 7.7 15.3 14.8
  High school graduate, no college 10.5 10.5 2.9 3.0 1.9 2.0 6.2 6.1
  1 or more years of college 4.6 4.5 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.9 2.4 2.3
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 Years)
  With a work disability 25.0 25.5 6.4 6.3 9.3 10.0 15.1 14.6
  With no work disability 8.7 8.5 3.2 3.1 0.3 0.4 5.7 5.6
RESIDENCE

  Metropolitan 14.7 14.7 5.9 5.9 1.7 1.9 9.5 9.4
  Central city 23.0 22.4 10.4 9.9 2.7 2.7 15.8 15.2
  Noncentral city 9.3 9.5 3.1 3.2 1.1 1.3 5.5 5.5
  Nonmetropolitan 17.0 16.6 4.8 4.4 2.4 2.3 11.5 10.7
REGION

  Northeast 14.8 14.6 6.4 6.0 1.9 1.9 8.9 8.6
  Midwest 12.5 12.6 5.4 5.3 1.2 1.3 8.7 8.5
  South 16.5 16.4 4.5 4.3 2.4 2.5 11.5 11.4
  West 16.7 16.8 7.3 7.4 2.0 2.0 10.0 9.6
FAMILY STATUS

  In families 15.6 15.6 6.5 6.4 1.4 1.5 10.8 10.6
  In married-couple families 9.1 8.9 2.2 2.2 0.9 0.9 5.5 5.2
  In families with a female   house-holder, no spouse present. 44.3 44.3 26.3 24.9 3.4 3.4 34.9
  Unrelated individuals 12.8 12.4 0.7 0.6 4.5 4.7 5.2 4.9
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 Years and over)
  Employed full-time 4.0 3.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 1.8 1.7
  Employed part-time 8.6 9.2 1.8 2.0 0.9 1.1 4.9 5.4
  Unemployed 26.6 26.9 10.4 11.3 1.9 1.5 19.9 20.2
  Not in the labor force 21.3 21.3 6.3 6.0 6.9 7.1 12.6 12.3
Marital Status (people 18 years and over)
  Married 6.6 6.2 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.1 3.9 3.7
  Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.6 19.6 5.0 4.8 5.9 6.1 11.2 11.1
  Never married 15.6 15.6 5.1 4.9 3.6 3.8 8.9 8.6
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
  Less than 1.00 60.5 60.3 29.7 28.3 6.2 6.7 49.6 48.3
  1.00 and over 6.7 7.0 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.1 2.6 2.8
X Not applicable.
1 Means-tested programs include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and   housing assistance.
2 Median monthly family benefits include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, and food stamps only.
3 In thousands.
4 Hispanics may be of any race.

Table A. Continued
Average Monthly Participation Rates and Median Monthly Family Benefits, by
Selected Characteristics: 1993 and 1994
Characteristic Participation rates
(in percent)
Monthly family benefits 4
(in dollars)
Medicaid Housing Assistance 1993 1994
1993 1994 1993 1994 Median Standard error Median Standard error
Total number of recipients(thousands). 27,984 29,332 13,044 12,206 (X) (X) (X) (X)
As percent of the population 10.9 11.3 5.1 4.7 485 4.0 476 3.0
RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN 2/
  White 8.1 8.5 3.5 3.3 444 4.5 435 3.5
  Not of Hispanic origin 6.4 6.8 2.8 2.6 400 6.0 399 5.0
  Black 26.8 27.5 14.9 13.2 560 4.0 542 9.0
  Hispanic origin 23.4 23.0 10.9 10.0 557 18.0 556 12.5
  Not of Hispanic origin 9.4 9.9 4.4 4.1 466 4.5 460 3.0
AGE

  Under 18 years 21.2 22.1 8.0 7.4 604 4.5 587 6.0
  18 to 64 years 6.8 7.1 3.8 3.4 444 2.0 443 3.0
  65 years and over 8.1 8.0 5.2 5.2 204 3.5 200 5.0
Sex
  Men 8.8 9.2 4.4 3.9 490 7.5 479 5
  Women 12.8 13.2 5.7 5.4 483 5 473 5.5
EDUCATION ATTAINMENT
(people 18 years and over)
  Less than four years of high   school 17.5 17.8 9.0 8.4 432 7 433 5.5
  High school graduate, no   college 6.4 6.7 3.6 3.5 396 10 386 10.5
  1 or more years of college 2.7 2.8 1.9 1.7 420 13 433 11
DISABILITY STATUS (Persons 15 to 69 Years)
  With a work disability 18.9 20.0 6.6 6.5 459 5 454 7
  With no work disability 4.8 5.0 3.4 3.0 466 9.5 448 7
  RESIDENCE
  Metropolitan 10.6 11.1 5.3 4.9 517 7.5 521 6
  Central city 17.0 17.0 9.1 8.3 574 7.5 564 5.5
  Noncentral city 6.5 7.0 2.9 2.6 444 5 447 8
  Nonmetropolitan 11.6 11.9 4.2 3.9 401 9.5 354 7
REGION
  Northeast 10.9 10.9 5.9 5.6 599 11 610 13
  Midwest 9.1 9.5 4.6 4.4 538 9.5 486 5
  South 10.5 11.1 5.0 4.2 377 2 368 5.5
  West 13.4 13.9 4.9 4.9 630 7 624 7.5
FAMILY STATUS
  In families 11.4 11.8 4.8 4.4 531 6 512 6.5
  In married-couple families 5.8 6.1 2.5 2.0 377 2 380 4.5
  In families with a female   house-holder, no spouse   present. 36.1 36.3 15.4 15.0 614 4 599 3
  Unrelated individuals 7.7 7.9 6.3 6.1 169 13.5 188 12.5
EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR FORCE STATUS (Persons 18 Years and Over)
  Employed full-time 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.6 235 6.5 239 10
  Employed part-time 4.6 5.4 3.1 3.0 297 6.5 299 6
  Unemployed 16.0 17.0 9.1 9.0 455 6.5 446 10.5
  Not in the labor force 15.9 16.1 7.1 6.7 460 3.5 458 3.5
Marital Status (people 18 years and over)
  Married 3.5 3.5 2.1 1.7 604 7.5 587 9
  Separated, divorced, or   widowed 13.6 13.9 7.4 7.3 358 10.5 359 8.5
  Never married 10.5 11.0 6.0 5.6 363 11.5 371 9.5
FAMILY INCOME-TO-POVERTY RATIO
  Under 1.00 47.0 47.7 20.8 20.0 558 6.5 541 6.5
  1.00 and over 4.1 4.6 2.1 1.9 349 11.5 364 8
X Not applicable.
1 Means-tested programs include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, food stamps, Medicaid, and   housing assistance.
2 Median monthly family benefits include AFDC, General Assistance, SSI, and food stamps only.
3 In thousands.
4 Hispanics may be of any race.


Contact the Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free) or visit ask.census.gov for further information on Program Participation Data.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
Last Revised: October 31, 2011