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Agency History FAQs

Who was in charge during each census?

The first censuses were loosely "supervised" by the Secretary of State. Temporary census offices under the Department of the Interior were headed by a "Superintendent of the Census" or other administrator. Since its establishment as a permanent agency in 1902 [684 KB PDF], the U.S. Census Bureau has been overseen by a director. More information about the "head" of each census can be found at the Director Biographies webpage.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: October 21, 2014