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Agriculture FAQs

Does the U.S. Census Bureau conduct the census of agriculture?

In 1997, Congress transferred bugetary responsibility for the census of agriculture to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Despite the shift in funding, the Census Bureau continues to design the questionnaires, mail questionnaires, manage returns, and process the data for the USDA.

1954 census of agriculture
A Census Bureau employee instructs a class on the procedures to sort punch cards containing data from the
census of agriculture in 1954.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: March 31, 2014