Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Collection of audio features and sound bites.
The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
Browse Census Bureau images.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the Census Bureau.
Explore Census programs targeted for particular needs.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Listen to audio files on fun facts, historical figures, and celebrations of the month.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
As the United States grew, the nation's interests became more complex. People and policy planners needed a more detailed idea of the economic and demographic characteristics of America so that they could make decisions and plan for the future. Because of this, the census expanded over time from a simple headcount in 1790 (which only classified Americans by age, sex, and race), to over 200 different surveys today.
U.S. Census Bureau programs can be split into two broad categories: demographic and economic. The number of inquiries under each of these categories has expanded over time, gaining accuracy even as they also grow increasingly detailed.
In 1810, the census was expanded to obtain, for the first time, information on manufacturing and manufactured products. After a hiatus in 1830, the economic portion of the census returned in 1840, with added questions on agriculture, mining, and fisheries. The 1850 census also was the first demographic census to collect social data, including questions on taxation, churches, pauperism and crime. The amount of information collected would only increase in the following decades.
With the creation of a permanent Census Bureau in 1902, there was an opportunity to expand the survey-taking role of the Census Bureau beyond the decennial demographic and economic censuses.
The latter half of the twentieth century saw the introduction of three important demographic surveys that continue today: the Current Population Survey, the Survey of Income and Program Participation, and the American Housing Survey. Because they are conducted more often and are much more detailed, these surveys are able to use statistical sampling to present regular detailed information about the nation's population.
The economic census was eventually spun off from the decennial census in 1902 (with the first census of manufacturing establishments conducted in 1905). Now taken every five years, the economic census, along with the censuses of governments and agriculture, covers more than 98 percent of commercial activity in the United States.
The mission of the Census Bureau has expanded along with the population and economy of the United States, keeping up with the nation’s insatiable appetite for facts and figures. Today the Census Bureau's demographic and economic programs are an invaluable planning tool for citizens, businesses, and government officials.