Profile America — Sunday, February 2nd. On this date in 1848, the United States and a defeated Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending their controversial war, which began in May 1846 after some mutual provocations. In the peace treaty, Mexico recognized America's annexation of the Republic of Texas, with the Rio Grande being the border. In exchange for $15 million and other provisions, the U.S. obtained all or much of what are now six of our other southwestern states. Some 80,000 Mexicans were thereby included in the subsequent 1850 Census. Now, the number of Mexican-Americans in the U.S. has reached nearly 34 million, with about 9 million in Texas. You can find more facts about America's people, places and economy, from the American Community Survey, at www.census.gov>.
Mexican Americans Circa 1850
Richard L. Nostrand
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Vol. 65, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 378-390