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First Commercial Copier

August 25, 2014

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Profile America — Monday, August 25th. The Smithsonian Institution, founded this month in 1846, is the world's largest museum and research complex, with 137 million artifacts in its collection. One was donated to the museum in August 1985 to mark the 25th anniversary of its commercial debut -- the original Xerox 914 copying machine. Weighing in at just under 650 pounds, the 914 could produce seven copies per minute. The principle of xerography -- producing images on paper using electricity -- was developed in 1938 by lawyer-scientist Chester Carlson, who saved future generations from having to deal with carbon paper and mimeograph stencils. Manufacturing photocopiers is part of a $1.9 billion a year business in the U.S. Profile America is in its 17th year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Sources:
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/07/the-mother-of-all-invention/308123/
http://www.auburn.edu/~boultwr/copiers.pdf
http://siarchives.si.edu/collections/siris_sic_2096
http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ASM_2011_31VS101&prodType=table NAICS 333315


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | Last Revised: July 29, 2014