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Profile America — Thursday, July 10th. On this date in 1890, more than 30 years before the 19th Amendment was ratified, women in one of these United States enjoyed the right to vote, as Wyoming became the 44th state to join the union. Carved out of the Dakota, Idaho, and Utah territories, the Wyoming Territory was an important route for settlers and gold miners moving west for the Pony Express and the overland stage. Wyoming is known as the "Equality State" because of the rights women have traditionally enjoyed there, a world leader in suffrage even when just a territory. Wyoming women were the first in the nation to vote, serve on juries and hold public office. When Wyoming joined the union, it was home to 63,000 settlers. Today, the population is around 583,000 -- the smallest in the nation. Profile America is in its17th year as a Public Service of the U.S. Census Bureau.
Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 37