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Seat of Government

November 17, 2014

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Profile America — Monday, November 17th. The United States Congress met for the first time in the District of Columbia on this date in 1800. Up until then, it did its squabbling, vituperating and, most importantly, legislating in Philadelphia. Ever since President George Washington laid the cornerstone for the capitol in 1793, the District had been planned as the permanent home for the U.S. government. By 1800, enough of the capitol had been completed for the members of the 6th Congress to move in. One senator found D.C. to be "lacking in houses, cellars, kitchens, well-informed men and amiable women." Only the villages of Georgetown and Alexandria offered any amenities. In 1800, the population of the District was 8,000. The current population of the nation's capital is a bit over 646,000. You can find more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau online at <>.

Anniversary of Congressional move
1800 population: Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 26
Current D.C. population

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | Last Revised: October 23, 2014