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Census Bureau Reports 207,000 Workers Commute into Baltimore city, Md., Each Day

baltimore city commute chart

Baltimore city, Md., has among the highest number of commuters coming from another county or county-equivalent in the nation, the U.S. Census Bureau reported today in new estimates released from the American Community Survey. Nationally, 27.4 percent of workers commute outside the county where they live.

Among workers in Baltimore city, 206,924 live outside the city, according to 2006-2010 estimates from the American Community Survey. For example, 117,027 workers commute in from Baltimore County, 21,719 from Anne Arundel County and 17,966 from Harford County.

Meanwhile, 103,871 residents of Baltimore city leave the city for work, with 58,951 going to Baltimore County, 15,515 to Anne Arundel County and 10,213 to Howard County.

"It is well known that Baltimore city draws a lot of commuters to work. The detailed information in the American Community Survey tells us where Baltimore city workers are coming from, where its residents work, and how its commuting patterns compare to those of other large counties and cities," said Brian McKenzie, a Census Bureau statistician who studies commuting. "This information shapes our understanding of the boundaries of local and regional economies, as people and goods move across the nation's transportation networks." 

The American Community Survey also provides annual estimates about how commuters in Baltimore city travel to work and how long it takes them to get there.

Means of Transportation

  • In 2011, 60.7 percent of workers in Baltimore city drove to work alone, compared with 76.4 percent nationally.
  • Meanwhile, 10.1 percent of Baltimore city workers carpooled in 2011, while 9.7 percent in the nation carpooled to work. The percentages were not significantly different from one another.
  • In 2011, 17.5 percent of all workers in Baltimore city used public transportation -- excluding taxicab -- to get to their job, compared with 5.0 percent in the nation as a whole.
  • About 0.8 percent of all workers in the city biked to work in 2011, compared with 0.6 percent nationally. The percentages were not significantly different from one another.

Travel Time to Work

  • In 2011, the average one-way commute to work for people living in Baltimore city was 29.6 minutes. The average commute nationally was 25.5 minutes.
  • About 12.8 percent of all workers had a commute of 60 minutes or more in 2011, compared with 8.1 percent in the nation as a whole.

View more commuting statistics for Baltimore city online:

The American Community Survey provides a wide range of important statistics about people and housing for every community across the nation. The results are used by everyone from town and city planners to retailers and homebuilders. The survey is the only source of local estimates for most of the 40 topics it covers, such as education, occupation, language, ancestry and housing costs for even the smallest communities. Ever since Thomas Jefferson directed the first census in 1790, the census has collected detailed characteristics about our nation's people. Questions about jobs and the economy were added 20 years later under James Madison, who said such information would allow Congress to "adapt the public measures to the particular circumstances of the community," and over the decades, allow America "an opportunity of marking the progress of the society."

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | | Last Revised: July 15, 2014