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CB01-CN.03

Contact:  Decennial Media Relations
301-457-3691/301-457-3620(fax)
301-457-1037 (TDD)
e-mail: 2000usa@census.gov

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:  WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 2001 at 9:30 A.M. (EST)

Preliminary Estimates Show Improvement in Census 2000 Coverage

The Commerce Department's Census Bureau announced today that preliminary estimates showed an apparent improvement in the coverage of Census 2000 over 1990, including reductions in the differential undercounts of certain population groups.

The Census 2000 preliminary estimate of the undercount rate for the total population ranges from 0.96 to 1.4 percent. The national undercount rate in 1990 was 1.6 percent. Significant reduction occurred in the undercount rates for non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics. For American Indians on reservations, the undercount in Census 2000 will be well below the 12.2 percent figure reported in 1990. Also, while there remains a difference in coverage rates for owners and renters, the undercount of renters appears to have been significantly reduced from 1990 to 2000. And coverage for children under 18 years old improved notably. For American Indians off reservations, Asians, and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, there are no comparable data for 1990.

The attached tables show 1990 net undercount rates and the preliminary undercount ranges for Census 2000 for selected population, tenure and age groups.

"This is important news," said William G. Barron, acting director of the Census Bureau. "Thanks to the cooperation of the American public, the more than 500,000 people who worked on Census 2000, a highly successful advertising campaign and outreach program, and the work of more than 140,000 partners, we think we have results in which the country can be proud. While these preliminary estimates indicate that there are still undercounts for some groups, I believe we have taken a significant step toward improving census accuracy.

"These preliminary numbers will be refined and evaluated over the next several weeks and additional refinements will lead to more precise calculations. In the interest of openness and transparency, we wanted to share these data because they tell an important story about the accuracy of Census 2000."

An Executive Steering Committee for Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation Policy (ESCAP) composed of 12 Census Bureau career professionals will recommend by the end of February whether adjustment is technically feasible and would further improve the accuracy of the counts.

The estimates released today are based on preliminary tabulations from the Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation conducted independently of Census 2000. The Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation surveyed 314,000 housing units across the country and was designed to measure how many people were missed in the census and how many were erroneously included or double-counted.

The preliminary estimates are based on early tabulations done for the ESCAP to assist in their analysis. The ESCAP is still evaluating data and is on schedule to release its recommendation at the end of the month. Additional information and findings will be available when its report is released.

Table 1: Preliminary Estimated Coverage of Census 2000 Based on the Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (A.C.E.) Survey

Estimation Grouping Preliminary A.C.E. Estimates of Net Undercount (Percent)
Low Estimate High Estimate

Total population in Households. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO

American Indian and Alaska Native (on reservation). . . . . . . . .
American Indian and Alaska Native (off reservation). . . . . . . . .
Hispanic Origin (of any race). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American (not Hispanic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (not Hispanic). . . . .
Asian (not Hispanic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White or Some Other Race (not Hispanic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AGE AND SEX
  Under 18 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  18 to 29 years
        Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  30 to 49 years
        Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  50 years and over
        Male. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

HOUSING TENURE
  In owner-occupied housing units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  In nonowner-occupied units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.96



2.77
1.08
2.22
1.60
0.05
-0.09
0.44

1.23


3.23
1.75

1.55


0.68

-0.54
-1.06


0.22
2.32

1.40



6.71
5.47
3.48
2.73
9.16
2.01
0.90

1.85


4.30
2.71

2.18
1.23

0.05
-0.52

0.67



3.18

NOTES:

  • The race and Hispanic categories shown on this table represent estimation groupings used in developing estimates based on the A.C.E. Survey and do not conform with race and Hispanic categories that will appear in the redistricting (P.L. 94-171) files and other Census 2000 data products. In developing the estimation groupings used to evaluate the coverage of Census 2000, the principal consideration was to combine people who were expected to have the same probability of being counted in Census 2000. Consequently, the race and Hispanic origin groupings used to create the A.C.E. estimates of coverage are exceedingly complex. For a complete description of the estimation groups, see DSSD Memorandum Q-37, which will be provided on request.
  • In general, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIAN) are included in that category, regardless of whether they marked another race or are Hispanic. A few exceptions apply, especially for those who do not live on a reservation, on trust lands, or in an AIAN statistical area.
  • Similarly, Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHPI) generally are included in that category, unless they lived outside of Hawaii and marked more than one race or marked Hispanic.
  • Hispanics are mostly in that category, unless they marked AIAN and lived on a reservation, on trust lands, or in an AIAN statistical area, or marked NHPI and lived in Hawaii.
  • People who marked Black or African American are generally in that category unless they fell in the categories described above; similarly those who marked Asian are generally in that category, unless they fell in the categories described above.
  • The final category includes most people who marked only White or only Some Other Race or marked three or more races but did not fall into the categories described above.
  • The data in this table contain sampling and non-sampling error.

Table 2: Estimated Coverage of the 1990 Census Based on the Post Enumeration Survey (PES)

Estimation Grouping PES Estimates of Net Undercount (Percent)
Estimate Standard Error

Total Population 1/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White or Some Other Race (not Hispanic) 2/). . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic Origin 3/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asian and Pacific Islander. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian and Alaska Native (on reservation). . . . .

AGE AND SEX
  Under 18 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  18 to 29 years
        Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  30 to 49 years
        Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  50 years and over
        Male. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

HOUSING TENURE
  In owner-occupied housing units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  In nonowner-occupied units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.61


0.68
4.57
4.99
2.36
12.22

3.18


3.30
2.83

1.89
0.88

-0.59
-1.24

0.04
4.51

0.20


0.22
0.55
0.82
1.39
5.29


0.29


0.54
0.47

0.32
0.25

0.34
0.29

0.21
0.43

NOTES:

  • The data in this table contain sampling and non-sampling error.
  • The race and Hispanic categories shown on this table represent selected population groupings used in conducting the PES and do not conform exactly with race and Hispanic tabulations that were released from the 1990 Census.

1/ Includes household population and some Group Quarters; excludes institutions, military group quarters.

2/ Includes American Indians off reservations.

3/ Excludes Blacks or African Americans, Asian and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians on reservations.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | PIO@census.gov | Last Revised: September 09, 2014