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Contact: Vicki Glasier
Public Information Office
The participation rate for families with children in Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), a federal welfare program, increased from 3.8 percent in 2006 to 4.8 percent in 2009, according to a new U.S. Census Bureau report.
Based on the Survey of Income and Program Participation, the report, Comparing Program Participation of TANF and non-TANF Families Before and During a Time of Recession, examines whether participation in TANF and other programs — such as Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (known as WIC) and Medicaid — increased and employment decreased as a result of the economic recession. The report looks exclusively at families with children under age 18 in 2006 and 2009.
TANF replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children in 1997, significantly altering the nation's welfare program.
“The report suggests that the recent economic recession impacted American families with children and that the impact was not just limited to TANF families or poor families,” said report author Shelley K. Irving, a demographer in the Census Bureau's Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division. “Married-couple families, who have the lowest overall rates of TANF participation, saw an increase in their participation rate from 2006 to 2009.”