The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J. McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a “Labor Day” on one day or another, and a bill to establish a federal holiday was passed by Congress in 1894. President Grover Cleveland signed the bill soon afterward — designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day.
Number of people age 16 or older in the nation’s labor force in May 2006. Among the nation’s workers are 81.2 million men and 69.8 million women.
Percentage of full-time workers ages 18 to 64 covered by health insurance during all or part of 2004.
Percentage of workers in private industry who receive a paid vacation as one of their employment benefits. In addition:
See Table 639, 2006 edition, <http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2006/labor_force_employment_earnings/employment_benefits/>.
The 2004 annual median earnings, respectively, for male and female full-time, year-round workers.
Average weekly wage in New York County, N.Y., for the third quarter of 2005, the highest among the nation’s 317 largest counties. Passaic County, N.J., led the nation in growth of average weekly wages the third quarters of 2004 to 2005, with an increase of 19 percent.
|Occupation||Number of employees|
|(Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007)|
|Gaming services workers (gambling)||98,000|
|Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists||738,000|
|Chefs and head cooks||317,000|
|Musicians, singers and related workers||213,000|
|Taxi drivers and chauffeurs||291,000|
|Service station attendants||100,000|
|Farmers and ranchers||827,000|
Number of workers who hold down more than one job. So-called moonlighters comprise 5 percent of the working population. Of these moonlighters, 3.9 million work full time at their primary job and part time at their other job. (Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007)
Number of state government employees nationwide as of March 2005.
Number of civilian employees of the federal government as of December 2005.
There are about 294,000 moonlighters who work full time at both jobs. (Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007)
Number of self-employed workers. (Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007)
Number of female workers in educational services, and health care and social assistance industries. Among men, 11.4 million were employed in manufacturing industries. (Source: American FactFinder)
Percentage of workers 16 or older who work more than 40 hours a week. Eight percent work 60 or more hours a week.
See Table 590, 2006 edition, <http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2006/labor_force_employment_earnings/employed_persons/>.
Median number of years workers have been with their current employer. About 10 percent of those employed have been with their current employer for 20 or more years.
See Table 599, 2006 edition, <http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2006/labor_force_employment_earnings/employed_persons/>.
Percent of workers who work the evening shift (anytime between 2 p.m. and midnight). Another 3 percent work the night shift (anytime between 9 p.m. and 8 a.m).
See Table 596, 2006 edition, <http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2006/labor_force_employment_earnings/employed_persons/>.
Number of labor union members nationwide. About 13 percent of wage and salary workers belong to unions, with New York having among the highest rates of any state — 25 percent. North Carolina has one of the lowest rates, 3 percent.
See Table 649, 2006 edition, <http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2006/labor_force_employment_earnings/work_stoppages_union_membership/>.
Number of jobs added in Maricopa County (Phoenix), Ariz., between September 2004 and September 2005, the highest of the nation’s 317 largest counties. Among these counties, Lee, Fla., experienced the highest rate of job growth, 11.4 percent.
The number of people who work at home. (Source: American FactFinder)
The average time it takes to commute to work for residents of New York City, the most time-consuming commute among the 70 published cities with 250,000 or more people. (Source: American FactFinder)
Percentage of workers 16 and older living in Aurora, Colo., who worked in a different county, one of the highest rates among the nation’s 70 published cities with 250,000 or more people. (Source: American FactFinder)
Following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau Facts for Features series:
Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: (301) 763-3030; fax: (301) 457-3670; or e-mail: <PIO@census.gov>.