May 5, 1862, marks the Mexican army’s victory over the French invaders at the Battle of Puebla. In the United States, the celebration of this victory has come to be known simply as “Cinco de Mayo.” Along with Mexican Independence Day on Sept. 16, Cinco de Mayo has become a time to celebrate Mexican heritage and culture.
Number of U.S. residents of Mexican origin in 2004. These residents constituted 9 percent of the nation’s total population.
Number of people of Mexican origin who reside either in California (10.1 million) or Texas (6.5 million). People of Mexican origin make up nearly one-third of the residents of these two states.
Number of people of Mexican descent born in the United States.
Number of foreign-born residents from Mexico. About 3-in-10 foreign-born people are from Mexico.
Median age of people of Mexican descent. This compares with 36.2 years for the population as a whole.
Number of Mexican-Americans who are military veterans.
Number of people of Mexican descent age 25 or higher with a bachelor’s degree or more.
Percentage of households with a householder of Mexican origin consisting of a married-couple family with children. For all households, the corresponding percentage is 22 percent.
Average number of people in families with a householder of Mexican origin. This compares to an average of 3.2 people in all families.
Percentage of people of Mexican heritage who work in managerial, professional or related occupations.
Median household income and poverty rate in 2004, respectively, for those of Mexican heritage.
Percentage of people of Mexican origin in the labor force.
Percentage of householders of Mexican origin who own the home in which they live.
Source for statements in this section: American FactFinder. Figures do not include people living in group quarters.
The value of goods traded between the United States and Mexico in 2005. Mexico is our nation’s second-leading trading partner, after Canada.
Number of firms owned by people of Mexican descent in 2002. Among these firms, 275,055 were in California and 234,732 in Texas.
Sales and receipts for firms owned by people of Mexican origin in 2002.
Source for statements in this section:
Value of product shipments by the nation’s manufacturers of Mexican food specialities in 2002.
“Special Editions” of the U.S. Census Bureau’s Facts for Features are issued to provide background information for less known observances, anniversaries of historic events and other timely topics in the news.
Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: (301) 763-3030; fax: (301) 457-3670; or e-mail: <PIO@census.gov>.