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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: TUESDAY, OCT. 9, 2007
Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid Account for Half of Federal Spending
Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid accounted for more than $1 trillion of the $2.3 trillion the federal government spent in 2005, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, which publishes the only consolidated source of data on the geographic distribution of federal expenditures.
The Consolidated Federal Funds Report for Fiscal Year 2005 [PDF] is a presentation of data on most domestic spending by the federal government for state and county areas of the United States, including the District of Columbia and U.S. outlying areas. The data include expenditures for the Defense Department and the Department of Homeland Security.
The report covers direct payments, grants, procurement awards, and salaries and wages by federal agency and program. The report does not include expenditures for selected intelligence agencies, international payments, foreign aid and interest on the federal debt.
A companion report released today, Federal Aid to States for Fiscal Year 2005 [PDF], contains federal agency and program-level data on grants to state and local governments.
Consolidated Federal Funds Report highlights:
- In 2005, the federal government spent $2.3 trillion, up 6 percent from 2004.
- Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid spending accounted for almost $1.1 trillion in 2005, nearly half of total federal spending and an 8 percent increase over 2004.
- Defense Department spending totaled $374 billion in 2005, an 8 percent increase over 2004, and was highest in California, Virginia, Texas, Florida and Maryland.
- Five states – California, New York, Texas, Florida and Pennsylvania – received one-third of all federal funds in 2005.
- Per capita federal spending among states was highest in Alaska ($13,916), Virginia ($12,572), Maryland ($11,936), New Mexico ($10,698) and North Dakota ($10,413).
- Los Angeles County, Calif., led the list of entities below the state level receiving federal funds, followed by New York City, N.Y.; Cook County, Ill.; San Diego County, Calif.; and Maricopa County, Ariz.
The data in these reports are not subject to sampling variability, but are subject to nonsampling errors, which include errors of response and processing.
Editor’s note: These reports present data for the states and counties only. They do not support the application of federal spending data directly for other areas such as places and congressional districts.