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The U.S. Census Bureau today released 2008 income and poverty estimates for every school district and county in the nation. These data, part of the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program, currently represent the only source of Census Bureau income and poverty data for each of the nation's 3,142 counties and almost 14,000 Title I-eligible school districts.
SAIPE is the only source of single-year income and poverty data for approximately 1,300 counties and 76 percent of school districts. Data for these areas with population size of less than 20,000 are not expected to be available from the American Community Survey (ACS) until late 2010.
SAIPE numbers have a smaller margin of error than ACS estimates because they combine ACS data with aggregate data from federal tax information, administrative records on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation, Census 2000 statistics and annual population estimates.
State and county estimates are provided for the total number of people in poverty, the number of children under age 5 in poverty (for states only), number of related children age 5 to 17 in families in poverty, number of children under 18 in poverty and median household income.
School district estimates, produced in order for the Department of Education to implement provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, are available for the total population, number of children age 5 to 17 and number of related children age 5 to 17 in families in poverty.
These tabulations, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education, are used as one of the criteria to allocate federal funds to local jurisdictions. In addition, state and local programs use these data for distributing funds and managing school programs.