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CB09-199

Contact:  Robert Bernstein
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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:  12:01 A.M. EST, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 23, 2009

Census Bureau: Texas Gains the Most in Population

Last State Population Estimates Before 2010 Census Counts

     Texas gained more people than any other state between July 1, 2008, and July 1, 2009 (478,000), followed by California (381,000), North Carolina (134,000), Georgia (131,000) and Florida (114,000), according to the latest U.S. Census Bureau estimates

     California remained the most populous state, with a July 1, 2009, population of 37 million. Rounding out the top five states were Texas (24.8 million), New York (19.5 million), Florida (18.5 million) and Illinois (12.9 million).

     "This is the final set of Census Bureau state population estimates that will be published before the official 2010 Census population counts to be released next December," said Census Bureau Director Robert Groves. "We are focused now on ensuring we get a complete and accurate count in 2010. The census counts will not only determine how many U.S. House seats each state will have but will also be used as the benchmark for future population estimates."

     Wyoming showed the largest percentage growth: its population climbed 2.12 percent to 544,270 between July 1, 2008, and July 1, 2009. Utah was next largest, growing 2.10 percent to 2.8 million. Texas ranked third, as its population climbed 1.97 percent to 24.8 million, with Colorado next (1.81 percent to 5 million).

     The only three states to lose population over the period were Michigan (-0.33 percent), Maine (-0.11 percent) and Rhode Island (-0.03 percent). The latter two states had small population changes.

     Other highlights:

  • Net domestic migration has slowed dramatically in many states in the South and West, including Nevada, Arizona, Idaho, North Carolina, South Carolina and Montana.
  • Several states have negative net domestic migration, which means more people are moving out than moving in. Florida and Nevada, which earlier in the decade had net inflows, are now experiencing new outflows.
  • Louisiana's July 1, 2009 population, 4.5 million, is up 40,563, or 0.91 percent, from a year earlier.
  • The nation's population as of July 1, 2009, was 307 million, an increase of 0.86 percent since July 1, 2008.
  • The estimated July 1, 2009, population for Puerto Rico was 4 million, up by 0.32 percent (12,735) from one year earlier.
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The Census Bureau develops state population estimates by measuring population change since the most recent census. It uses births, deaths, administrative records and survey data to develop estimates of population. For more detail regarding the methodology see <http://www.census.gov/popest/topics/methodology/>.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Public Information Office | PIO@census.gov | Last Revised: July 15, 2014