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Americans with Disabilities: 1997 - Table 5

TABLE 5. DISABILITY STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER 15 YEARS OLD
(August-November 1997 data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. 
  Numbers in thousands.)

                                          Both sexes          Male             Female      
                                                Percent          Percent           Percent
                                        Number  distri-   Number distri-   Number  distri-
                                                bution           bution            bution
                                                                                          
Age under 3 years                     11,619    100.0    5,947    100.0    5,671    100.0 
                                                                                          
With a disability                        233      2.0      138      2.3       95      1.7 
  With a developmental delay             206      1.8      121      2.0       85      1.5 
  Had difficulty moving arms 
     or legs                              58      0.5       38      0.6       19      0.3 
With no disability                    11,386     98.0    5,809     97.7    5,576     98.3
                                                                                          
Age 3 to 5 years                      12,192    100.0    6,229    100.0    5,963    100.0 
                                                                                          
With a disability                        410      3.4      239      3.8      171      2.9 
  With a developmental delay             335      2.7      194      3.1      141      2.4 
  Had difficulty running 
     or playing                          218      1.8      125      2.0       94      1.6 
With no disability                    11,782     96.6    5,990     96.2    5,792     97.1
Age 6 to 14 years                     35,795    100.0   18,317    100.0   17,478    100.0 
                                                                                          
With a disability                      4,018     11.2    2,638     14.4    1,381      7.9 
  Severe                               1,715      4.8    1,187      6.5      528      3.0 
  Not severe                           2,303      6.4    1,450      7.9      853      4.9 
With no disability                    31,777     88.8   15,679     85.6   16,097     92.1
Had difficulty doing regular
   schoolwork                          2,446      6.8    1,655      9.0      791      4.5 

Had difficulty getting along 
   with others                           647      1.8      451      2.5      196      1.1
                                                                                          
With one or more selected conditions   2,818      7.9    1,882     10.3      935      5.4 
  A learning disability                1,867      5.2    1,209      6.6      658      3.8 
  Mental retardation                     307      0.9      185      1.0      122      0.7 
  Other developmental disability /1      240      0.7      167      0.9       73      0.4 
  Other developmental condition /1     1,314      3.7      900      4.9      414      2.4 
                                                                                          
With a developmental                                                                      
 disability or condition /1            1,611      4.5    1,109      6.1      503      2.9 
                                                                                          
Used a wheelchair                         70      0.2       30      0.2       40      0.2 
Used a cane/crutches/walker               20      0.1        8      0.0       12      0.1 
  Had used for 6 months or more           12      0.0        6      0.0        6      0.0 
                                                                                          
Had difficulty seeing words/letters      264      0.7      160      0.9      104      0.6 
  Severe                                  45      0.1       23      0.1       22      0.1 
  Not severe                             219      0.6      136      0.7       83      0.5 
Had difficulty hearing conversation      234      0.7      141      0.8       93      0.5 
  Severe                                  57      0.2       37      0.2       20      0.1 
  Not severe                             177      0.5      104      0.6       73      0.4 
Had difficulty with speech               752      2.1      546      3.0      205      1.2 
  Severe                                 154      0.4      115      0.6       38      0.2 
  Not severe                             598      1.7      431      2.4      167      1.0 
Had difficulty walking or running        758      2.1      431      2.4      327      1.9

 
TABLE 5. DISABILITY STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER 15 YEARS OLD
(August-November 1997 data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. 
  Numbers in thousands.)

                                          Both sexes          Male             Female      
                                                Percent          Percent           Percent
                                        Number  distri-   Number distri-   Number  distri-
                                                bution           bution            bution
                                                                                          
ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
With an ADL limitation                   286      0.8      174      1.0      112      0.6 
  Needed personal assistance             224      0.6      130      0.7       95      0.5 
  Did not need personal assistance        62      0.2       44      0.2       18      0.1 
Had difficulty getting around inside     111      0.3       62      0.3       49      0.3 
  Needed personal assistance              82      0.2       42      0.2       41      0.2 
  Did not need personal assistance        29      0.1       20      0.1        9      0.1 
Had difficulty getting in/out 
   of bed/chair                           77      0.2       36      0.2       40      0.2 
  Needed personal assistance              74      0.2       36      0.2       37      0.2 
  Did not need personal assistance         3        -        -        -        3        - 
Had difficulty taking a bath or shower   147      0.4       87      0.5       60      0.3 
  Needed personal assistance             147      0.4       87      0.5       60      0.3 
  Did not need personal assistance         -        -        -        -        -        - 
Had difficulty dressing                  208      0.6      119      0.7       89      0.5 
  Needed personal assistance             191      0.5      102      0.6       89      0.5 
  Did not need personal assistance        18        -       18      0.1        -        - 
Had difficulty eating                     92      0.3       50      0.3       41      0.2 
  Needed personal assistance              82      0.2       47      0.3       35      0.2 
  Did not need personal assistance        10        -        3        -        6        - 
Had difficulty getting to/using 
   the toilet                            114      0.3       64      0.4       50      0.3 
  Needed personal assistance              97      0.3       53      0.3       45      0.3 
  Did not need personal assistance        17        -       12      0.1        5        -
 
- Rounds to zero.
1. A child was considered to have a developmental disability if a "yes" response was 
received to a question about the presence of mental retardation or to a question about the 
presence of some other developmental disability such as autism or cerebral palsy.  A child 
was considered to have a developmental condition if a "yes" response was received to a 
question about the presence of a developmental condition for which the child had received 
therapy or diagnostic services.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Disability |  Last Revised: 2013-02-25T14:30:21.246-05:00