U.S. Census Bureau
Table 3. Region and Country or Area of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population: 1960 to 1990
  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Internet Release date: March 9, 1999

(See text for sources, definitions, and explanations)

Region and country or area 1990* 1980* 1970* 1960*
         Total 19,767,316 14,079,906 9,619,302 9,738,091
Reported by region and/or country 18,959,158 13,192,563 9,303,570 9,678,201
    Europe 4,350,403 5,149,572 5,740,891 7,256,311
        Northern and Western Europe 2,058,853 2,384,257 2,629,200 3,334,971
            Northern Europe 968,271 1,083,499 1,271,591 1,694,430
                British Isles 809,972 866,966 937,474 1,171,777
                   United Kingdom 640,145 669,149 686,099 833,055
                       Great Britain (total) 623,614 649,318 645,262 764,893
                           England 405,588 442,499 458,114 528,205
                           Scotland 104,168 142,001 170,134 213,219
                           Wales 10,638 13,528 17,014 23,469
                           Great Britain n.e.c. 103,220 51,290 (NA) (NA)
                       Northern Ireland 16,531 19,831 40,837 68,162
                   Ireland 169,827 197,817 251,375 338,722
                Scandinavia 158,299 216,533 334,117 522,653
                   Denmark 34,999 42,732 61,410 85,060
                   Finland 22,313 29,172 45,499 67,624
                   Iceland 5,071 4,156 2,895 2,780
                   Norway 42,240 63,316 97,243 152,698
                   Sweden 53,676 77,157 127,070 214,491
            Western Europe 1,090,582 1,300,758 1,357,609 1,640,541
                Low countries 132,617 142,748 155,513 173,069
                   Belgium 34,366 36,487 41,412 50,294
                   Luxembourg 2,053 3,125 3,531 4,360
                   Netherlands 96,198 103,136 110,570 118,415
                Austria 87,673 145,607 214,014 304,507
                France 119,233 120,215 105,385 111,582
                Germany 711,929 849,384 832,965 989,815
                Switzerland 39,130 42,804 49,732 61,568
        Southern and Eastern Europe 2,285,513 2,748,547 3,090,991 3,907,020
            Southern Europe 1,054,141 1,336,805 1,363,195 1,541,441
                Greece 177,398 210,998 177,275 159,167
                Italy 580,592 831,922 1,008,533 1,256,999
                Malta 9,614 10,182 (NA) (NA)
                Portugal (total) 210,122 209,968 119,899 80,276
                    Azores 29,656 32,531 28,865 22,586
                    Portugal 180,466 177,437 91,034 57,690
                Spain 76,415 73,735 57,488 44,999
            Eastern Europe 1,231,372 1,411,742 1,727,796 2,365,579
                Albania 5,627 7,381 9,180 9,618
                Bulgaria 8,579 8,463 8,609 8,223
                Czechoslovakia 87,020 112,707 160,899 227,618
                Estonia 9,210 12,169 12,163 13,991
                Hungary 110,337 144,368 183,236 245,252
                Latvia 26,179 34,349 41,707 50,681
                Lithuania 29,745 48,194 76,001 121,475
                Poland 388,328 418,128 548,107 747,750
                Romania 91,106 66,994 70,687 84,575
                Soviet Union 333,725 406,022 463,462 690,598
                Yugoslavia 141,516 152,967 153,745 165,798
        Europe n.e.c. 6,037 16,768 20,700 14,320
    Asia 4,979,037 2,539,777 824,887 490,996
        Eastern Asia 1,784,702 956,491 (NA) (NA)
            China 1/ 529,837 286,120 172,132 99,735
            Hong Kong 147,131 80,380 (NA) (NA)
            Japan 290,128 221,794 120,235 109,175
            Korea (total) 568,397 289,885 38,711 11,171
            Macau 5,107 2,959 (NA) (NA)
            Taiwan 1/ 244,102 75,353 (NA) (NA)
        South Central Asia 819,378 373,535 (NA) (NA)
            Afghanistan 28,444 3,760 (NA) (NA)
            Bangladesh 21,414 4,989 (NA) (NA)
            India 450,406 206,087 51,000 12,296
            Iran 210,941 121,505 (NA) (NA)
            Nepal 2,262 844 (NA) (NA)
            Pakistan 91,889 30,774 6,182 1,708
            Sri Lanka 14,022 5,576 (NA) (NA)
        South Eastern Asia 1,968,210 919,646 (NA) (NA)
            Burma 19,835 11,236 (NA) (NA)
            Cambodia 118,833 20,175 (NA) (NA)
            Indonesia 48,387 29,920 (NA) (NA)
            Laos 171,577 54,881 (NA) (NA)
            Malaysia 33,834 10,473 (NA) (NA)
            Philippines 912,674 501,440 184,842 104,843
            Singapore 12,889 5,598 (NA) (NA)
            Thailand 106,919 54,803 (NA) (NA)
            Vietnam 543,262 231,120 (NA) (NA)
        Western Asia 400,313 281,426 174,053 132,697
            Cyprus 10,060 8,806 (NA) (NA)
            Iraq 44,916 32,121 (NA) (NA)
            Israel 86,048 66,961 35,858 17,724
            Jordan 31,871 21,587 (NA) (NA)
            Kuwait 8,889 4,337 (NA) (NA)
            Lebanon 86,369 52,674 22,396 22,217
            Palestine 21,070 (NA) (NA) (NA)
            Saudi Arabia 12,632 17,317 (NA) (NA)
            Syria 36,782 22,081 14,962 16,717
            Turkey 55,087 51,915 48,085 52,228
            United Arab Emirates 1,656 534 (NA) (NA)
            Yemen 4,933 3,093 (NA) (NA)
            Middle East n.e.c. (NA) (NA) 52,752 23,811
        Asia n.e.c. 6,434 8,679 77,732 19,371
    Africa 363,819 199,723 80,143 35,355
        Eastern Africa 72,300 26,036 (NA) (NA)
            Ethiopia 34,805 7,516 (NA) (NA)
            Kenya 14,371 6,250 (NA) (NA)
            Somalia 2,437 691 (NA) (NA)
            Tanzania 6,282 3,246 (NA) (NA)
            Uganda 6,684 3,804 (NA) (NA)
            Zambia 2,954 1,346 (NA) (NA)
            Zimbabwe 4,767 3,183 (NA) (NA)
        Middle Africa 8,800 3,719 (NA) (NA)
            Angola 2,252 1,094 (NA) (NA)
            Cameroon 3,161 1,214 (NA) (NA)
            Zaire 3,387 1,411 (NA) (NA)
        Northern Africa 99,044 69,777 32,396 15,903
            Algeria 4,629 3,853 (NA) (NA)
            Egypt 66,313 43,424 20,666 8,316
            Libya 4,037 6,427 (NA) (NA)
            Morocco 15,541 9,896 (NA) (NA)
            Sudan 4,423 2,711 (NA) (NA)
            Tunisia 4,101 3,466 (NA) (NA)
            Northern Africa n.e.c. (NA) (NA) 11,730 7,587
        Southern Africa 34,707 16,103 (NA) (NA)
            South Africa 34,707 16,103 7,667 5,394
        Western Africa 111,566 50,002 (NA) (NA)
            Cape Verde 2/ 14,368 10,457 18,680 8,302
            Ghana 20,889 7,564 (NA) (NA)
            Liberia 11,455 3,728 (NA) (NA)
            Nigeria 55,350 25,528 (NA) (NA)
            Senegal 2,287 762 (NA) (NA)
            Sierra Leone 7,217 1,963 (NA) (NA)
        Africa n.e.c. 37,402 34,086 21,400 5,756
    Oceania 104,145 77,577 41,258 34,730
        Australia and New Zealand 57,682 47,533 32,388 28,035
            Australia 42,267 36,120 24,271 22,209
            New Zealand 15,415 11,413 8,117 5,826
        Pacific Islands 46,463 30,044 8,870 6,695
            Fiji 15,935 7,538 (NA) (NA)
            Tonga 10,668 5,619 (NA) (NA)
            Western Samoa 11,408 12,582 (NA) (NA)
            Other Pacific Islands 8,452 4,305 (NA) (NA)
    Latin America 8,407,837 4,372,487 1,803,970 908,309
        Caribbean 1,938,348 1,258,363 675,108 193,922
            Antigua & Barbuda 12,022 3,920 (NA) (NA)
            Aruba 3,363 2,597 (NA) (NA)
            Bahamas 21,633 13,993 (NA) (NA)
            Barbados 43,015 26,847 (NA) (NA)
            Cuba 736,971 607,814 439,048 79,150
            Dominica 19,529 3,296 (NA) (NA)
            Dominican Republic 347,858 169,147 61,228 11,883
            Grenada 17,730 7,101 (NA) (NA)
            Haiti 225,393 92,395 28,026 4,816
            Jamaica 334,140 196,811 68,576 24,759
            Montserrat 3,493 1,212 (NA) (NA)
            Netherlands Antilles 3,426 5,123 (NA) (NA)
            St. Kitts-Nevis 7,447 1,903 (NA) (NA)
            St. Lucia 6,959 1,901 (NA) (NA)
            St. Vincent & the Grenadines 12,824 4,044 (NA) (NA)
            Trinidad & Tobago 115,710 65,907 20,673 (NA)
            Other Caribbean 26,835 54,352 57,557 73,314
                West Indies n.e.c. 18,509 (NA) 57,557 73,314
                Other 8,326 54,352 (NA) (NA)
        Central America 5,431,992 2,553,113 873,624 624,851
            Mexico 4,298,014 2,199,221 759,711 575,902
            Other Central America 1,133,978 353,892 113,913 48,949
                Belize 29,957 14,436 8,860 2,780
                Costa Rica 43,530 29,639 16,691 5,425
                El Salvador 465,433 94,447 15,717 6,310
                Guatemala 225,739 63,073 17,356 5,381
                Honduras 108,923 39,154 19,118 6,503
                Nicaragua 168,659 44,166 16,125 9,474
                Panama 85,737 60,740 20,046 13,076
                Central America n.e.c. 6,000 8,237 (NA) (NA)
        South America 1,037,497 561,011 255,238 89,536
            Argentina 92,563 68,887 44,803 16,579
            Bolivia 31,303 14,468 6,872 2,168
            Brazil 82,489 40,919 27,069 13,988
            Chile 55,681 35,127 15,393 6,259
            Colombia 286,124 143,508 63,538 12,582
            Ecuador 143,314 86,128 36,663 7,670
            Guyana 120,698 48,608 (NA) (NA)
            Paraguay 6,057 2,858 (NA) 595
            Peru 144,199 55,496 21,663 7,102
            Suriname 2,860 1,433 (NA) (NA)
            Uruguay 20,766 13,278 5,092 1,170
            Venezuela 42,119 33,281 11,348 6,851
            South America n.e.c. 9,324 17,020 22,797 14,572
    Northern America 753,917 853,427 812,421 952,500
        Canada 744,830 842,859 812,421 952,500
        Other Northern America 9,087 10,568 (NA) (NA)
            Bermuda 7,972 8,844 (NA) (NA)
            Northern America n.e.c. 1,115 1,724 (NA) (NA)
Region or country not reported 808,158 887,343 315,732 59,890

* Indicates sample data.

(NA) Not available.

n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified.

1/ In data for 1960 and 1970, Taiwan included with China.
2/ Data for 1960 and 1970 are for Other Atlantic Islands.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Authors: Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon
Questions? / 1-866-758-1060
Last Revised: October 31, 2011 at 10:03:05 PM